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Si quid novisti reeUus istia, 
CandidxiB imperti : si non, his ntere mecom. 




J d^lf, Z^ , /a Digitized by GoOgk 

Works hy the same Author. 

A MANUAL of LATIN ETYMOLOGY. 2d Edition, price 48. 

The PEIMITIVES of the GEEEK* LANGUAGE, Explained so aa to 
£x themselves on the Memory. 2d Edition, price 4b. 

ELECTA ex OVIDIO et TIBULLO. As used at Eton. With 
English Notes. New Edition, price 6s. 

The THIED GEEEK DELECTUS, with EngUsh Notes. Price 
158. 6d. 

The SECOND GEEEK DELECTUS, with English Notes and 
Lexicon. New Edition, price 9s. 6d. 

The SECOND LATIN DELECTUS, with EngUsh Notes. New 

Edition, price 6s. 

GEEEK EXEECISES. New Edition, price 6s. 6d. ; and a Key, 
price 3s. 

EPITOME SACILE HISTOEIiE, with English Notes. New 
Edition, price 2s. 


\Frice, stitched, 3*. M, ; bound, 4*.] 

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This little Work corresponds to that of another by the same Author, entitled 
" A Manual of Latin Etymology." The two together contain a great mass 
of information on the origin of the words of the Greek and Latin languages. 

It may be asked, Why a special book for Etymology ? Why not leave 
this to the writers of Lexicons and Dictionaries ? But in truth derivations 
cannot be treated of fully and adequately in such works. Etymology requires 
the consideration of various, and often of conflicting, thoughts and conjec- 
tures, and frequently demands various observations and illustrations with a 
view to establish or corroborate, to build up or confirm ; and these are often 
incompatible with the dimensions and numerous purposes and objects of a 
Dictionary, which cannot therefore give the necessary room to Etymological 
discussion. Besides, Etymology is a study in itself, a subject of its own : it 
forms a separate department of Philology, and should receive its distinct and 
separate attention, unmixed with other matter. Accordingly, the Author 
hails with much satisfaction the appearance of Mr. Hensleigh Wedgwood's 
English Etymology, which he hopes will meet with extensive encouragement. 
Not that instances in former times are wanting of similar attempts in Ety- 
mology : for we have the valuable labors of Lennep, Voss, Becman, Martin, 
Menage, Wachter, Tooke, and others, all in the same direction. 

Yet it is willingly conceded that the Lexicons have been constantly con- 
sulted by the Author, and that they have greatly enriched his pages. Li 
particular, the valuable Lexicons of Dean Liddell and Dr. Donnegan have 
supplied a great deal of useful matter ; their works being fraught with rich 
stores from Schneider, Passow, Pott, Buttmann, and other continental ety- 
mologists. Nor has the author left unconsulted the Lexicons or Lidexes of 
Stephens, Scapula, Gonstantine, Damm, Hederic, Schleusner, Parkhurst, 
Ewing, Jones, Wright, Grove and Ormston : while the etymological labors 

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of the distinguished writers first mentioned, as well as those of Valckenaer, 
Hemsterhuis, Casaubon, Brunck, Hejne, Hermann, Hoogeveen, Bos, Matthiae, 
Forcellini, Jablonski, Bochart, Beland, Starze, Dahler, Gregory, the Blomfields, 
Toup, Bp. Burgess, Webster, Todd, Jamieson, Dunbar, Dalzel, Major, and of 
others on a smaller scale and in narrower spheres, have contributed their 
share in making this work what it is. We have, in fact, in these pages 
a goodly result of the labors of scholars of the first talent and celebrity. 

The author has endeavoured to give the reader 'a fair exhibition of the 
claims of the Oriental and of the old European Languages to the origination 
of Greek words. This undoubtedly will make his Work more varied, more 
interesting, more impartial, and more perfect 

Gabvbston Bectort, 
Norfolk, 1860. 

Greek capital letters ore used when a word seems a decided Frimitiye or unnsnally 

t is prefixed to such words as are ayowedlj obsolete pr of only supposed preyions existence. 
R. is short for * The Root,' or « The Root is — '. 

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A/A, aA/ ha! and 

*A, *At ha ha ! aha I — From the sonnd. Found ap- 
parently in all languages. * 

*A-, not. — For "Afcw, nrhence Ay-, as in ^Av-t&yvfios, 
(2) For 'Avhj as *Air<J-juou(ros. So Lat. aft-sonus. (3) 
For "Arfp. 

'A', mnch ; as in *A-T€i^y, *A'Ttvi(o9. (Other in- 
stances in new Steph. Lex., pp. 10, 11, note.) — For 
"Ayav. (2) For "ASifV. (3) For *Apu 'A- appears 
often to be merely euphonic, from much use of it. Note 
our ^-rise, ^-wake. 

*A-, together. — For^A/wi ; as in''A.Aoxos. 

*Ad^ctfy to breathe out. — B. ^&du, redupl. of f^, 
'\&(T0riVy whence 'Acre/Aa, a panting, and^'Aij/ii. 

'AdffKM (as .'H§ArK«), 'Ada, tufura, to injure. — 
Formed like *Adf«, redupl. of fAw, to breathe, breathe 
upon, dry up, scorch, blast. So Hermann, in new Steph. 
1296. Thus, ^ He shall blow upon them, and they 
shall wither:* (Isa. 40. 24.. and vs. 7.) See^A^w. 

"AoTos, insatiable. — From a, and t4«, firot, allied 
to hrai, to satiate, in Homer, f "Aw is to breathe, to 
breathe hard, as in *A(r0fia ; then, to be tured, satiated. 
(Hermann, in new Steph. 1295.) 

'A^afcew, to be speechless. — From a, fid(oo, fiiSaxa, 
to talk. So, 'Atrrpd'fiaiKos is an astrologer. K, as, 
ire^vAoXa, ^vKaKif : so, fiaXoKAs, 

•Ag<4\€,'A fid\€j BiAc, oh that ! — Properly said of 
one wishing to change his lot : BdAc, as "Airayty Apage, 
away with it ! (2) Hebr. and Chald. <ibal, to mourn. 

"A^ol, 'OKos, a slab, counter, geometrical table, board. 
— The £tym. M. says, ' as hung on a wall, without legs 
to rest on.* 'O fi^ ^x^^ fidtriv, one that has no base 
This jBcio-is is allied to BeSaios, firm, and 

(through fi4€aKay $4€aKTai) to Baculus and Bdicrpov, 
a staff, as well as to this "A-jBol, H-fioKos, 

'A€S7jpiTiKhsj silly, like the people oSAbdera in Thrace. 

''ASdhrcpos, silly, stupid. — Dunbar says : * Behrepos, 
hettevt is for BeXc&rcpos, from ^\os. Hence *A-/3eAr€pos, 
rude in [jSeAos] arms.* Then, rude generally. Rather, 
as we say, ' He knows no better* In another sense 
we say, * He is no better than he should be.* 

*Ae\efihf» feeble, powerless.— Ldd. and Dnn. from u 
and /SAc/AccUvw : Or allied to it : Not acting with spirit 
and vigour. (2) For -fdiro-iSAeft^f (like oprEMH^), 
from ffi\4a), jBelAAw : answering to Ab-jectus, Abject, 
cast down, prostrate. So Re-missus, Remiss. See BAt;- 
Xp6s, Or o, not: Not hitting the mark. 

*A^oA^, to meet with. — R. a for &fia, fjSoA^w, 
jB(iAiAfl0 : To strike on a person. So 'Avri-iSoA^w. 

"ASpa, or "ASpa, any favourite female slave, gen. ex- 
plained ' delicate ;' fem. of aSp6s. (2) Eubne from 
Hebr. EBRy a Hebrew woman : such being treated as 
slaves by the Pagans. 

*A€pbSf tender, soft, gentle. — Ldd. from fi§o. Dor. 
of ^6rif youth. (2) Like 'AiroAbi, from &irrofxaiy to 
touch. B in aor. 2., as KaAi^IITa;, iKdXvBou, Soft to 
the touch. 

*A6potA(mj to miss. — Prop, to miss one's way in the 
iMp6rn, night. (2) We find fifiiporov. * by transp. and 
insertion [of /3 as in /xecnj/ABpfo], for VifiapTov^ j^H>a- 
rov,' says Blomf. on Matthise. Some then to this refer 
*A€poTd(aj i. e. afMprdifWj to miss ; and Thiersch from 
o, ^fioprhs^ ^fxporhsj ^fipor6sf from fieipa : To miss 
one's PART. 

*Aep6r'nt night — From o, fipor65 : When no men are 
abroad. Homer has hMp&n\ vii^. 

*A€p6rovoy, southernwood. — R. o§pbs, delicate, r6vosi 
smew. * The leaves of this plant, slender as they are,* 
&c.: Mrs. Loudon. 'Quiad§f)«s Te/i^cTai [rerovey: 
Voss. Etym. Lat. 

*ABTPTAKH, a sour sauce of leeks, cresses, capers, 
pomegranates, &c. — * A foreign dainty, and therefore it 
seems a foreign word,' says Lennep. Yet, as Bd\auos 
and rdAoyos, BK4(f>apov and TAe^opoi', B4(pvpa and Te- 
<pvpa^ aiBwos and <rlTwo5t are found, hMvprdia\ might 
be for hyvfndicti (as ^pidAKH, SovAKH, /iovSAKH, 
irop«AKH), from MpTi?$, a gatherer, collector. (2) 
Reland from Persian aber, fruit-preserve, tag^ pome- 

^AyaJdhs, good.— R. tsyaiMix Which is admired, or to 
be admired. In form, as yv6.@0%, (2) Lenn. from 
470), * to lead, be superior :' Dalz. from &7«, ' to drive 
off booty.' See 'Aper^, *Ap^iwv. So \|/(ifiA0O5, in 


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*AydW(»y to make splendid, adorn. 'AyiXXofiM^ to 
make oneself gay, pride oneself, exult. — R. a^ much, 
fydwj 7cb'os, brightness, gaiety ; ytdw to be proud of. 
So V&o), U'ciWw.— Allied by Todd to Celt, ^oc, our gay. 
(2) Some derive *AydX\o/juu from &7a, iyaVj HxXofjuu, 
to leap : as Salto, Exsulto, Exult. (3) ' Cbald. geUij 
to shine :' Mrt. 

"A7aA^ia, -aros, a splendid ornament ; an image of 
the gods, as richly ornamented. — B. iydXKcoj SyaA- 


"Ayaficu, *Aydofuu, 'AydCofutif to wonder at, admire 
envy. — Valck. from &7«, ^Aynfu^Syafiou : I am led 
or attracted to an object. Or, I am carried away. 
Cicero: 'Totos ad se convertit et rapit' Compare 
"AyHfM from ^'A^w, A(»Afuu from A^ot, (2) B. £777, 
wonder, allied to 0^7^, spleHdour: To be splendour* 
struck, dazzled. Or to fi^ojueu, to stand in awe of, as 
irXdZm^ iwKaTov. Sob^Ayos. (3) From a, much, and 
ydu allied (like Tofjophs to Ka/i\|/br) to fx^* X^^""* 

* inhio/ ' to admire or to be astonished at ' (Dnn.). 
Thus Virgil : ' Tenuitque inhians tria Cerberus ora,* 
amazed, stupefied. Horace: 'Hunc plausus biantem 
corripuit.* — Thus Thiersch from Boot TAF, Germ. 
gaf-Jfe»j to gape at. 

''A701', very much, too much. — For jcot* Sryriv, with 
wonder, * minim in modum.* 

*AyayaKr4t», to be grieved or aggrieved. — B. iyay^ 
Aktoi (whence 'Aict^), p. p. of SyvvfUt to break : To be 
much broken in mind and spirits. Cicero: 'Animo 
/racto et afflicto.* Ezek. 6. 9 : * I am hroien with 
their whorish spirit.* I'sa. 69. 20 : * Beproach hath 
hr(^xn my heart.' Acts 21. 13 : 'What mean you to 
weep and to break my heart?' (2) B. &70- (as in 
*Aya-K\vTh^) viffffaa, vivaicrm, to compress. As StcVm 
from ^TMvos, (3) B. Ikyciy, &x^ofuu, I am out of spirits. 
/For •A7oyax^«», 

*Ayavh5, pleasing, mild, gentle, kindly. — B. a, much; 
ydvosy gladness, pleasure. 

'Ayavduf to be pleased or delighted with, regard, love, 
acquiesce in, content oneself wi^. — Valck. from itya- 
for iyav (as in &7a-«cAci^s), and a root f IIAfl, which he 
supposes to have meant to pay attention to, as in 'Em- 
irdCofuu^ TLariip, noTy, and Latin Pasco, pan. (2) 
Soft for aya^>do», from 070-, cupdut, to handle : To 
caress, fondle. (3) Lennep from ikydir% this from "fd- 
yduy ikydofjLoif to admire, respect. See ir^IIH. (4) 

* Hebr. agab, adamare ; and Arab, placere :' MrL 

*A7avls, illustrious, noble. — B. "l&ydao, aydofuu, to 
admire. (2) Allied to Taup6s. 

*Ayyap€6w, to press into the public service, as did an 

ArrAP05, a Persian mounted courier. A Pertian 

'A77«AA«, to bring a message. — f* A7a7^» (from 
47«, ieyay^v), to bring, ^iLyyia, iiyyi^Kw, as Vdut, 
VdWdf, See Ai-dieTopos, (2) R. &ydyw^ t^77«, bring 
back. (3) B. &77eAoy, this from &77apos above. 

'Arro^, 'A77€ro>', a vessel, jar, pail, pan.— Many 

refer this to Hebr. aggan, crater. (2) R. ^iydy4wy f 07- 
7€« (as in *A77€AA<w), from &y<» : a vessel for carrying 
things in, or which carries anything in it. 

*Ay€lpa, to bring together, assemble. — B. &7«, aw- 
<iya>. As t4>0e», (^^ElPn ; Kcla, kEIPO, ; t^IPH. 
"Ayufxa is found, as from •fi7€w. (2) '.Hebr. agar ;' 

*Ay4\vi^ herd, drove.— B. 6yw, as Drive, Drove. So 
Ne4>os, Net^^A?}. 

* Ay 4pcixos, glorious, noble ; vainglorious, proud. — 
B. a, much, yipas, reward : Having much reward. 
Some add Ix^? ^X^ ^0 ^^y^* (2) Lenn. from ^yeipwy 
ieytpoj, to collect, i.e. a multitude about one, 1. as Ho- 
noratus, 2. as Ostentator, 'Ayvprris. 

"Ayrjy from &ya/juu ; astonishment, &c. 

'A7iy€a;: a form of ''A7C0. As Bivdwj *Oplva>, ' 

"Ayiosy sacred, holy ; cursed, as devoted to the gods, 
Sacer. — B. £701. 

'A7ic^, *AyKdXri, *AyKoivriy an arm ; *A7icoA)s, arm- 
ful ; "AyKurrpoVy hook ; ''A7icoy, valley ; *A7ic^Aos, 
crooked ; ^AyKiiKriy arm, knee, hook, hilt ; *AyKi»Vy 
arm, angle of a wall, arm of the sea ; *AyKvpay an 
anchor.— 'AH these evidently point to one root, which 
seems to be Hyw^ 6yau (M^)» t^'^'''* ^ ^f^°S (round), 
like wepi-ffy^s, curved: and Steph. explains v^i-dyvv/At 
*■ contorqueo.' — Or, as *OicAaSbv, on hetU knees, is from 
kKiuy to break, (as the knees seem broken,) so &7« here 
and in Ilepi-^^s is the same as ^ytnifu, to break. 
And Liddell explains taya * to flow in a tomding course.' 
See, too, 'A704rT^f. So Lat suf&figo, the joint of the 
knee, from Suffrango. (2) The Ed. Bev. compares 
uncui and .Sansk. ancus. So "07x0;. 

*AyK6\7i, * a hock, loop ; arm or knee from its bend- 
ing ; a javelin thrown by a strap bended round the mid- 
dle ; a sort of cup ; a handle, thong ; "AyKv^aiy arms of 
a sailyard :' Ewing. — B. ceyK^kos in the last. 

'A7Aa^s, splendid.— B. &7(iAAa;, &7aAal, (^ieyXau,) 
to adorn. Allied to Al^At;, brightness. (2) B.a,7Adw, 

'Ayvhs, like ''A7WS, from ^701, 

"AypvBeSy stones hung by weavers to the warp.— As 
Saxum, from &|ov or 2|oy, a Cretan word for Bock, 
(Steph. 1060) means Broken, from Ayvvfii, &{w, to 
break, so 6ywees. And so Bnmpo, Bupes. (2) Or 
fr«om &7W, as Kar^dya, to s|dn, i.e. draw out, and 
Kdr-aytm, wool spun out ' The slender silk to LEAD ;' 

''AyvvfjLiy''Ay», to break.— ''A7», to lead, is also to 
drag by force ; (just as 'Pvo^i^tf, to drag, from ip^m^ 
fivMy to draw:) hence then to 'hurl violently, to break. 
So '^Opoft "Opvvfu, 

* Ay Qpity assembly, council, market.— B. a7ffpw, &- 

*Ayopd(Vy to buy in an &70p^ 
'A7op€i^, to harangue in an ayopk of the people. 
"AyoSy cos, religious awe ; — crime, as calling it forth ; 
— curse invoked by crime, as Sacer is * cursed.' — ^A7os 

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smd^Ayios iae from &(», to stand in awe of, as T\d(w, 

'Aymrrhsj the hand cl«nehed, grasp, elbow. — From 
&ya, to curve, as fully stated io 'Ayiefi. — otrros as in 
AicOSTH. Some add otrrS, the bones : for there vtpi- 
dymn-ai ri otrra rwv BctteHrhMW : Etym. M. 

"Ay pay booty.— R. &7w, to carry off. Polyssnns : 
T^f Kelau^ Iky^iv. So^EXap from t*^»f ^"^op. 

"Ayptti, come on I — R, -faypko, from ity€lp»: Collect 
yourself, as m''Aypvirvos. Homer has * Ay p6/A€yoi. (2) 
Come on to the iypotv, prey. 

*Aype7<l>ya, or 'Aypl^a^ a harrow. — Perhaps from 
ayp4u : from its seizing and dragging the clods along 
like so mnch Hypapj game. (2) Dnn. from ayp6s ? 
(3) Allied toour^ripe. SeeTpnros 2. (Very rare.) 

^AyphSf a field. — As belon^ng to an iyhs, chieftain. 
Thus Begio from Rex, Regis. (2) R. AypOy < prey, wild 
beast,' (Wr.) ' All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts 
of the PIE1.D,' (Ps. d-. 7) where Poole says, * The wild 
beasts.* . (3) Sax. acer, Germ, cusker^ Irish, etcraj our 
acre formerly an open field : agr, akoro, Hebr., Syr., 
Arabic, a field. fWebster. Todd.) 

"AypvKyoSj wakeful.— R. ^p», (ityp6fjL€yoi, II. tj. 
33a,) Jike iyeipu, iyepw : fhrvos : Collecting oneself 
(se colligens) from sleep. * It seems formed from &ypw 
or eypu :' Blomf. 

"AypuxTTis, grass. — *As everywhere growing in the 
irypoTsy fields :' Forcell. (2) Allied to TpdurrtSj grass. 

*Ayvth, a way, street. -^R. 6yot : * Qua te duett via,' 
Virg. We say, * Where will this road lead me ?' And 
the Greeks said, *H ^56 j ^epei. — So in form 6pyTlA. 

"Ayvpis, an assembly, eryo^ T, as in 5yTjua. 

'Ay^prnSj a collector of an &yvpts. 

"ATX*? *A7X<"', near. — • *A7xi Je dative of f^f » the 
bend of the arm. So *Eyyhs is iv y^ :* Blomf. Allied 
to *A7K^, the arm. * I'll be at thy elbow :' Shaksp. 

'A7x««»t to Wnd hard, compress, strangle. — R. 6yw, 
•flkya-a, j&yKa, for vw-Ayw, to draw together, Lat. 
* ad-duco,' to draw tight. — Or (as tTxos for tlx<»y, and 
AoPxtti'w,) from &7«, &x« C^fx")* 

*'Arn, -pErXl, (whence 'E76fp«,'Eirei7w,and*07^^s,) 
primitive verbs, to carry, lead, bring, drive. — Parkh. 
from the Hebrew, 

*Ayittff a solemn assembly, combat, contest, struggle, 
lawsuit.— From BryWj <rvv-£yttt, to bring together. — Or 
in the sense of ty^iv isywya^ to celebrate a combat. 
(2) A gathering of kyo\ chieftains. (3) * Hebr. ageHy 
to fatigue :' Wr. 

^A^dfyo, *A8axeo0, ' to sting, cause an itching : perh. 
from a, f SciiccD, f8(ii», to bite :* Ldd. See Adicpta, 

*A8€A^f, a brother. — ^R. o, 8«\^ir$, womb : One of 
the same mother with. *l^s ix vrfi^s ^a-av, Horn. 

f*A8^», f^it. &8Vw, to satiate, fatigue. — Allied to 
&8)7V, to satiety, dtaoUj to satiate. 

f A8€<0, 'Avddifofy to please. — Allied to &8ilw, to satiate^ 
satisfy. That is, to give satisfaction to any one, to please. 
We say, * I received great aafisfototion from it :' and, 

* He was futl of eompUments* from Compleo, to fill. 
Hemsterbuis says : * The use of the Soft and the Aspi- 
rate was formerly promiscuous.' So "Apw, *A^f»6^ia : 
"O/w, 'OpftAu : and see •AirArfof . (2) * Hebr. hadah^ 
to be glad : ' Mrt 

*AHfMv, ill at ease. *A5n/t*ov^, to be ill at ease. — 

* Perh. akin to *AW«, "A^rip :' Ldd. 'A«^, HJ^iuu, is 
to fatigue. Compare TiiM and Gemo. 

"ASiji', "AWtji', abundantly, to satiety. — As B^St^k, 
SraJijv, from ^fidn, ^ifrdM, so "A^v from f^w, f *rai, 
whence "A-aros, insatiable, 3o-fl(i, to satiate. 

*AAHN, -eVoy, a gland ; — glandular swelling. Very 
rare : a medical word.— Perhaps allied to 'Afiii'bj, com- 
pressed, thick. 

•AJijy. See *At^s. 

*A^ufhs^ abundant, crowded, oppressed, eompressed, 
thick, incessant, vehement, loud. — R. SSitt. So iXiy- 

'A^phSy *much, great: from IS^ [as icw^POS] :' 
Mart. Some add, stout, fat, strong. See *A^i»6s, (2) 
Hebr. Oder, strong, ample, magnificent 

*'Aa«, for*A«fa«. 

"Ae^oj.'AtfAoj, combat, confiict, labor and toil.— 
From o, much, id4\»y fl^Xw, to be willing. Homer : 
*'E©EAEN 5^ ToXh frpoiidxe<r9ai eeirdprwv. And; 
Ow5' oiK 'EeEAONTA fidx€o9m, Thucyd. : No/if- 
oare ttwu rov koX&s iroA.€/i6?r rh *EeEAEIN. (2) 
As "AcfifM for" AfAfio, 'A^Aoy came first, from a, much, 
^Xdoff to bruise, beat. 

*A€l, Atel, *Aiv, *Ais, 'Ai, in uninterrupted suceession, 
always. — Elegantly derived by Lennep and Dunbar 
from &», to breathe : the duration of time being shown 
well by the continual movement of breathing. As also 
in A J, which see. We say, * So much time transpired ;* 

* At the expiration'ot the time :* from Spiro, (2) Our 
«y«> C For ever and for aye,^) Sax. aa, Goth, a. Mobs. 
Goth, aiw, 

*A€f8«,. to sing.— From a, much ; €*8», to know. 
Thus Theocritus has iroA^t8/>i$ &oi96s, Horace : * Ci- 
tharse sciens,* Spenser : * And bards that to the chord 
Can tune their voices cmmingly^ i.e. knowingly. Theo- 
critus has : "OAffia taoa "ISoTl, irotv^AAa &s yXvKv- 
(pupeTl Dalzel says on Pind. 01. I. 15, 'So4>ol here 
are poets, as elsewhere in Pindar.' (2) * Hebr. yada, 
to confess, praise : ' Fkb. 

*A€iptAy AXpoff to raise. — R. fyu, prop, to draw, 
whence 'Apuw, to draw up, 'Ep^, to draw. (2) To 
take up into the aipa, air. (3) 'Hebr. artw, sustulit :' 

"AcAAo, a whirlwind. — R. f&w, Arifu^ to blow, as 
01^, e^cAAa, Lat. duELLUM. (2) R a, much; 
lAAw, to roll, "tivirep &«AAai EIAEOfsiN, Hom. 

^AffjifAo, same as*A/ijua. 

'A^^w, AH^v, Ai/^dvu, to increase. — B. Ayw, !(|», to 
carry (forwards) : &7€(pw. *AE{w, like *AEft/ia. ♦^pe- 
rai is ' advances ' in (Ed. T. 501. * Fro-dHoas sobolem i* 
Hot., multiply. (2) Our verb wax, Sax. veaxanf 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



Germ, wachsen^ Sn-. vaa«i, Lai. augeo, auxL 

"Aeau, I slept— R fAw, &7|/u, to breathe ; here to 
breathe hard, as in sleep. 

'Aerbj, Alerts, an eagle. — From-'A^<reu, to rush, (in 
Hesych.) : prop, to blow, pant, Haaof. Pf. p. Herau 
(2) * Hebr. aty to flj :' Dr. Valpy. 

"Afo, dryness, the white mould on dry things, soot, 
&c — B. &(o». So AhxM^s and AhtrraXios. (2) ♦ Hebr. 
OS, to burn :' Wr. 

'ACnxhtt hard, rough ; also, unceasing, excessive. — 
B. Af«, to dry, iixht sound. Homer has AZov Hvafv, 
and Virgil, 'Aridut audiri fragor,' where Senrius says, 
'Aridua means, very much.' Some simply from iifw. 
(2) A, (a, ^x^. (*) A, fa, lx"i ^ hold on : con-H- 
nuus, unceasing. 

"A^oSf for "Aofoy. 

"Afw, to dry, parch. — R. ^&u, Arifu, to blow upon. 
Haggai 1. 9. See 'AdaKw. (2) R. o, f« ? 

"Afw, •ACofMM, to stand in awe of. — R. f^, &i?/*i, to 
breathe hard, pant, palpitate. Spenser: *Yet might 
her heart be seen to pant and quake.' The aspirate ex- 
presses better the panting. Compare AipdS, (2) As 
Toio, Ala; ♦ij/x2, *Hfd\ ♦eO, Heu; If, for Gif; so 
*Af» for Xd(w, to give way, retire. 

*AriBin^y the nightingale. — The same as iifi^v, from 
&ci8w. ' Thee, chauntress:' Milton. 

"ArifjUj to breathe, blow.— R. t^» t*^^"* alienee 
Ao-e/io, asthma. See f "Afl. 

•AV, fl^, the air: — thick air.— R. fiw, &??/!**, to 
blow, breathe. So oW«, oiflHP. As ' thick air,' it may 
be prop. * exhalation, vapor.' (2) < Hebr. oTj to flow:' 
Dr. Valpy.. 

'A^cruXof, thought the same as A&rwAos. Better 
Heyne, from o, not, i}5o/Aai, 9i<F0fJLai : Not easy to be 
pleased, rough-tempered, &c. — Some for -fHarvKos (See 
in the next), from 4t«, &(r«, to hurt, itrdw. 

^Ai/jtrvposy light. — Lengthened from Hcrvpos from o, 
trupwy <rCp& : Easily drawn. (2) For &cp<$-(rvpoT, drawn 
by the air. Horace : ' Cinis aridus ventis ferar.* (3) 
R. iriffts, a blowing. Easily blown about (4) Valck. 
reads &€l-ffvpos. 

'A-firns/Ariiiaf a blast — R. &nfii, to blow. 

"AijTos, * prob. from ^ij/i* : orig. stormy, and so vio- 
lent, terrible :' Lidd. (aS For "AaTOf, insatiable. (3) 
Lengthened from &r», offcoj to hurt, ardu. See 'a^- 

*A6dpay 'A0^pa, pottage, porridge. -»R. a, much; 
&4puy iBapov^ dfpfJudvoD, to heat, warm. See dAp<rof. 
(2) * An Egyptian word :' Jablonski. And so says Pliny. 

*A64Kyay to suck, to milk — From a, much ; cXko», to 
draw, as G in &dfia from "A/ux, OiAouro-a, detAdireSov, 
and G^Atw. Bacon : ' The crown had 8ucked to hard 
and now being full was like to draw less.' Horace : 
* Pocula arente fauce traxerim,* 

*Aeepit((Oj to think slightly of. — Prop, to care for it 
no more than for an iijd4pa, spike of an ear of com. 
We say, * I don't care a fig for it' (2) ' Better perh. 

from a, ^4pl(w, to reap : or with Schoeid. from a, ^dpct, 
^epawe^oo:* Dnn. 

*A0epipriy a small bony fish. — Referred by Dnn. to 
&d^p, 4poSj the awn of an ear of com. 

'A0^p, g. Mpoij the awn or beard of an ear of com. 
— Some from a, intens., i^epw, as &rista (like &rena) 
from areo: It being dry, compared to the ear itself. 
Foruellini says that Arista is used ' pro herbis artdis 
inutilibus.* (2) Aspir. for ^Mip, j&Tfpos, from a, 
Tfiptaj T€pUj {h)m its sense in its derivatives ^ rp4w, rpdaty 
rirpduj to transpierce, Tp6tt^ rirpti<rKo»j to perforate :' 
Dnn. As being sharp and prickly. 

"AflAios, wretched. — R. d0Aos, a struggle. 

'AffAov, the reward of the'AeAw. 

'AflAoy : in "AfBKos, 

*Adpe«, to look attentively at. — R. a, much ; d€»p4a, 
(2) R. o, t^pew, rpiifM ; to perforate (with the eye). 
Observe Toplbs from Top4w, 

"ABpooSt gathered together, crowded. — B. a, ^p6os, 
noise of a tumult 

'A^upctf, hBvpa, ' from a, [or a»b,] ^vpa, to sport, play 
as children do out of doors :' Ewing. So "Advpos is 
open, *AdupAyXMffa-os, *A0vp6a'rofMos, * having a mouth 
without a door, garrulous:' Ewing. (2) Dnn. com> 
pares it with 8^, to move rapidly. As irrTPXl. 

At, alas I oh that ! if. — From the sound. (2) Pro. 
perly 'If: Cretan for El. 

A7a, for Taia. As our If for Gif from Give. 

Aidfiw, to bewail. — Seneca: * Sonuistis ot, of.' So 

or^w , oifu&Cw, "aCw. 

Aidi^s, -vof, * prob. from ouei : everlasting : hence 
irksome, then painful :' Ldd. (2) From at, alas : aldCoo, 

AijSoi, ' bah ! exclam. of disgust or astonishment : 
Ai^di Qoi of laughter :' Ldd. From the sound. So 
'lai€oi aiSoi : hah! bah I (2) » Hebr. dboi ;' Mrt. 

Aiyay4a, a hunting-spear for killing (ci[yas) goats. 
(2) R. of(r<ra, alyov, to rash on (with). Eurip. has 
''y^aaov Se X&yxais. Or which you make to rush for- 
ward. (3) * Coray supposes from Hesych. a form ayo- 
pia, R. &K^:' Dnn. 

AtyttpoSj a black poplar.— From its vibrations, from 
oftro-w, atyov. As Kopv6-dX^, So Populus from Ilai- 
woActf (^ol. noiiroAo)), fut of IlanreiAAa;, to shake. 

AlyiaXhsj a shore.— R. a3f(ra-«, alyoVj to rash; &Ay, 
a\hs^ the sea : On which the sea springs. (2) For 
kytc^Sj from t&7», Hyvvfu, to bredc, and a\6sz 
Like *AicT^, and *?riyfjiis from ^cnrw. The I seems 
often inserted : see on Atyavea^ AiycuAibs, Aik(£AA». 

AiythSf Aiyls, * a white speck on the pupil of the eye, 
giving a supposed resemblance to the eye aiyhi of a goat ; 
— the pith a£ pine, from the same resembl. in the hori- 
zontal section :' Dnn. 

AiyUj a storm. — R. odfcrcrM, cityoVj to rash. 

Aiyls J a shield. — As made of 017^; goat's skin. So 
Galea from ToA^ ; and *IktiB4ii. (2) R. aSaffct, a7- 
yoVf to rush (with). 

Af7Ai7, brightness.— Like itryXahSf bright, from a- 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



yiWot ; or from a, yKduj yXavKSs, (3) R. cXaaco, 
eHyov: From the dartings of light. (3) For AyKri 
from t^7«, Syw/bw, to break : the refraction of light. 

AiyvirihSf a vulture. — For atero-yvmhsj compound 
of eagle and (yif^t^ ytmhs) a vulture. As Alir6Xos is 
Alyo-ir6\os, See *AeT<Js. (3) For i-7wiribf , where a 
is nearly quiescent : as in 

AlyaKthsj an owl. — For&^wAibf, allied to TwAcal, 
holes. See above. 

'AtSiys/^Sijs, *A;8o»vcir$, the grave ; Pluto. — Gene- 
rally referred to a ; fSov, video. The unseen world, or, 
Where is no seeing. Hesiod has adjective 'AtS^s. 
*AtS7}?^v "^Scofj Soph. 'ABiivri Avv'^tBof Kwiriv^ 
MH fuv "lAOI "Apris : Homer. * Here their prison or- 
dain'd in tOter darkness :' Milton. ' The use of the 
Soft and of the Aspirate was formerly promiscuous/ 
says Hemsterhuis. 

'AtSios, eternal.— B. iei. So M^, MoapiSios. 

AiSoiOj et AlSfibf, k sequenti, ut Veretrum k Vereor, 
Pudenda k Pudet. 

AiSebs, shame, modesty. — B. a ; nov. Not permit- 
ting us to look up or at a person. Watts : * At Thy 
foot asham'd I lie: Upwards I dare not look.'. So 
Psalm 40. 12. Eurip. Orest. 454, 5. Soph. Phil. 929. 
Mseh. Pers. 700. Aristophanes : Eha divaurou vphs 

AUl: in *Aef. 

Ai(rihs, *A(n^Sf vigorous, lively. — B. a, much,, fw, 
ferveo. * Fervens juventS.' (2) B. o, f(£«, (u : Full 
of life. 

Airrros, the same as "Atttos. 

Ai$d\7}j embers, black cinders, soot. — R. aXdw, to 

Ai$hpi Aldpa, clear sky, pure air. — B. dlda. 

AX0ov<ra, a corridor, * looking E. or S. to catch the sun : 
masc. d(dav :' Ldd. 

AiBvia, ' cormorant, diver : prob. from [or allied to] 
tu06<r<ro)y to move suddenly or rapidly :' Dnn. (2) * B. 
aWu : Flame-colored :' Mrt. Much as &7TIA. 

AidCaffw^ to put into rapid motion, stir up, kindle ; — 
move rapidly. — For faflwr<r», from a, diiw, 3<J(r«, to 
rush. (2) But as well from ait0a : ' To break out as 
a flame :' Ewing. 

AWw, to kindle, bum. — From -fiw, f&o-Tat, to shine, 
whence *A<rr^py "AcrrpoVj a star. fAw, tafw, ^aXOriv, 
So yfi&Cl, vfi&Clf &c The I, not found in f&w, is found 
n various senses of words fomned from it, dlo-^w, Latin 
afOy hla-ffw. 

AiKciAAetf, to flatter, wheedle. — As au in Alfyhs^ for 
^hcdWu : B. a, koXSs : To say pretty things of. Horace 
of a flatterer : * Clamabit, PULCHBE, bene, rect^.' So 
Ka?i\{fvofjLou is to extol one's self. 

*Aiic^, rapid motion.— Allied to 'Atcrffa. 

AtKio, for 'Ac^Kfto, from &-€iic^s : Unseemly conduct. 

AlKyoVj AIkKov, the Lacedemonian evening meal. — • 
From a for &fia ; %k(o : A coming together spec, in the 
evening, an evening (meal), as Coena is Commons from 

Koivd. AIkKos was *of the evening,' the time of 

AtKivoSy a mournful dirge From At AlvoSy Ah 

Linus ! 

A(\ovpoSj AleXovpop; a cat, weasel. — B. cddKKot to 
move or turn, ohpii the tail. Or a, lAA», 'iWrn, 

Af/io, blood. — The Etym. M. well from oW«, to bum, 
pf. p. ^alfuu. * The ancients,' says Damm, * if they were 
ignorant of its motion, were not ignorant of its heat* 
To quote again from Hemsterhuis : ' llie use of the 
Soft and the Aspirate was formerly promiscuous.' So 
"AptOf 'ApiMvia : "Opto^ 'Op/juiea. 

Aifiaffioj Afjuos, * a thom bush or brier, quicket edge:' 
Dnn. Also, a, coppice : a stone wall. — Not badly, 
• though in a homely manner, referred to aifidfract and 
aT/xa: As fetching blood. Compare *Apir4(a, Then 
^a wall' would proceed from the general sense of a 
' hedge.' See on "Akt^ 1 . 

Alfd\oSf wily, wheedling, deceiving. — Like aXuau, 
knowing. (2) R. alfia : * Warming the blood, causing 
it to thrill, soothing, flattering :' Ewing. Lively, sharp, 
&c. would in some way resemble our Sanguine from 
Sanguis. (3) Dnn. allies it to Ai/ubs, as anything 
pointed, sharp. Above. 

AXfiMv, ' the same as balfJMu, knowing, skilful :' Ldd. 
— But perhaps, as AhddMOfuu ' to perceive ' from f af- 
adriv a. 1. passive, so Atfjuoy (aspurated) from fol/icu pf. 
pass, of otw. 

Aivia-ffofioij to speak by alvos fable, teach darkly, 

Ahos, tale, story, proverb, fable. — From ^aXa, Latin 
A I Of afiWf to spejik. *From f&« to breathe : use my 
breath audibly, say :' Ewing. So Fabula is from For, 

klvos, praise. — From folw, to speak, as above. 
'What is SAID for a person, in his praise.' So nap- 
aiWw is to exhort, i.e. speak to. 

Aivhs, painful, grievous, terrible. — From at, alas! 
Or from aia3f6s, 

Atvvfxaij to take. — B. alpofMi^ fafpw/iar, as Spofiaiy 
6pwfxai, (2) B. ivhf up : To take up. 

At{, 0/76;, a goat :-— also a storm, wave, meteor. — 
From aXaa-Wy {», to spring up ; we say to caper, 

Al^wv€{tofAaty to revile like the JExones, the Cecro- 
pian tribe. 

AUWa, to shift to and fro, change. Al<$Aos, easily 
turning, varied, versatile, nimble. — El\4o» was to roll, 
(Steph. 3570,) 2oAo, and ocAA^w (3577) to roll, to 
vary; whence f&oAcw, ai<$AAw. Allied is *AoAA^s 
collective ; "AcAAa a storm ; &c. 

Aioydotf to wet, sprinkle. — For &ovdu. from fa, 6vdu 
lengthened from vda (as 'OiceAAa; for k^AA», and 'O- 
da|ecD,) to flow : To cause to flow, pour. 

AiV^Aos, goat-herd.— For a}yO'T6\os ; a}{, iroAecv. 

Aiirvs, high, steep. — As we find n^irra; and TLwaw, 
Alirro/ and Aiaaofuu^ 'Evfirra; and 'Ei^Ww, "Oirrofiai 
and ''Oo'O'o/Mu, so might be f A2irT» and Alfcro-otf, to spring 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



up. Now from BpAaxn, to leap, is 8p«r^^f, a high 
place, moand, so, from f Afirra> could be Alir^s, high. 
See kt^Oy At^yris, 

Alpa, a hammer, mallet. — R df/w, to raise. 

Atpcw, to seize, destroy.— Allied to Atpu, to raise, 
take up. The Asp. may mark emphasis. 

"A-ipoy 'ifwj, unhappy Ina. As A^-irapis, Dys- 
paris, unhappy Paris. 

AJfpu, for 'Aeip», 

"Acs, g. "AlSos, the same as 'AtSvis, 

Afo-o, one's due or right, portion, lot. — From a, 
much ; f<n7 equal : An equal share. Horace : ^^qud 
lege necessitas Sortltnr insignes et imos.' (2) As 
Toua, Ala ; AttSu^ EUet, so for "f^fra from Zttlca, (rw, 
to divide. 

A2(raK0f , a myrtle branch handed at table as a chal> 
lenge to sing. — R. ^S«,. f(r» i.e. dfcru, to idng. (2) 
' Held by him to whom the attra lot fell to sing :' Dim. 

AiorcUwv, a hawk or small falcon. — 'B. aXaffw: 
from its rapid flight :' Dnn. 

AhrBdyofJUUf to perceive, understand.*- B. atw, iiffOriv, 

*At<rB<o, to breathe out, expire. — B.' f&», ^r^i^y 
whence ''Ao'5/ua; crfiw, Af«, iiadrfv. 

AXffifioSf destined ; according to what is due and fit. 
— B. oTcro. 

^AlaifiSoff ^Av-euaijxSwj to use up, spend, consume, 
waste. — *<7a': Dnn. Prop., to do with anything 
what is aXatfioy, fitting, to put to fit and proper pur- 
poses, rite et jure tracto. 

'Aiffffo), AifftrUf to make to rush, to rush, bound. — 
B. ^&Wj to breathe, pant, f alwj itooj Haof, See ofw, 
Atcrflw. Observe 'A»4. 

''AZd-ros, unknown. — B.a; ftaros, allied to larup, 
*larropia, &c. 

AtavrfT^p, Aurvfivirrhpj a regulator, president — As 
giving to each his (dcra due. ' Justi honestique mo- 
derator ;' Hemsterh. 

Af0-v\os, unjust.*— B. a ; t<ros, as In-aeqnus, Iniquus. 

Altrxos, Alffxvvv, shame, disgrace. — Like Ainla for 
*A-€UctM, imseemly conduct : :S, as in ISxo'', i^Zvov, 
itXKoo. For aTcTKOT, or the X from etKot, cr;|^a. (2) 
R. a, fo-xw : Unrestrained conduct, uncontrolableness. 
* Clodii furores mUlis legibus frcmare poteramus :' Cic. 

AiT€a>, to beg, ask. — 'From a, trcu, pf. pass, of eJfii, 
to go, whence "Itt/s, 'ItcW: To go much about; i.e. 
begging. Homer: "IMEN AITH5X1N. So^Iicw, *lic€- 
T1JS, *A0-ficT»p ; Ambi-eo, Ambio. Livy : * Circum-tre 

*Atrns, a lover, intimate. — B. a for fi/ia,.fTat as in 
Airctf : As Com-es, Com-itis, from Com-eo : Who keeps 
company with. 

Airfa, a cause, motive; from oItcw to ask (the 
cause) : — a cause at law, an accusation, in which one is 
asked a reason of his conduct. Compare Causa and 

AXrioSf accused, culpable. AtnoVf Vitivm, fault — 
Above. * Who is asked or questioned :' Dr. Major. 

Afros in Find. 01. 3. 30 is explained ivBMairTifui by 
Eustathius, which is from BUura. Hermann needlessly 
alters the word. Indeed the Latin JEDES seems to 
come from it AZtos is like 'A-Surov, Adytum, and is 
from a, not, Xtol pf. p^ of €?/u, wlience *It4o¥, See 


AX<l>vfiSf *E^ai<l>vris/A^vu, suddenly.— R &-^ai^s: 
In an unforeseen manner. (2) R &irr«, fi^ to con- 
nect : As Continub, immediately, from Con-tenco. See 
*E^avlyns and *Aipap. (3) Allied to Al^a. 

AixM^f point of a spear. — a spear.— For ^Xf-^ from 
Gur^, a point : and allied to AicAXMcyir, pointed. (2) 
R atcrcTM, alxjuoi : To rush with. Eurip. : ''H220N 
8« h&YXcus, Or, which is shot or darted: "Eyxos 
HlXen va\Aiiiri<piv, Horn. 

Ali^a, forthwith. -» For Ibpa (as 01^^179,) from Sirrw, 
fiif'w, to join. As Continub, forthwith, from Con-teneo, 
Contineo. See 'A^. (X) From obs. t«df»T«#, (men- 
tioned in Allies,) ^f oXcro-w, to spring, rush. 

'At», to bi^eathe out — R f&a;, f&^d^v, hr^fAot. See 

*Atw, AhrOdyofuu (through itttrBriv,'), to perceive, un- 
derstand, feel, hear, observe see. — From breathing (See 
above,) the idea was carried to the properties of breath^ 
ing things. Cicero has ' spirabilis animus.' Compare 
Anima, breath, and Animus, the mind ; Yux^, breath 
and the soul ; XI^cvMa, the wind and the spirit 

Atiby, duration, space of time, time, an age, Hfe-time, 
Kfe. — R Old &y, being in uninterrupted succession. Or 
simply from aiel. See Aristotle on Heaven 1. 11. 

Aiitv^ ^, marrow, spinal-marrow. — I suppose as the 
element of life. Above. 

Aiofpdw, to lift up. — B. ^elpeo, liopa, 

*AKa^fitia, * the olive-grove of Academe, Pkto's re- 
tirement,' says Milton. From one Acadimue, Some 
however say from &kos, 5^ftou, * cure of the people.' 

'AjcdCoo, to sharpen, point, edge. — B. AicJ;, a point. 

"AKotvOf a painted crook or rod. — B. iucfi. 

'AKcucla, the thorny acacia.— Bedupl. from euc^. As 

'AKa\'f)(tni, a nettle.— Quuntly, though perhaps truly, 
deduced by Stephens from a, icoA^, a^ : Not good in 
the touch. A ' Noli-me-tangere,' a • Touch-me-not' 

*AKa\h5f * peaceful^ still : from iuciiyy like "HkoAos : ' 
Ldd. See 'Akcwv. 

"AKavBa, a thorn. — B. &«^, f oko(v«, ^kKdafBii\v. 

'Airav6ls, thistle-finch. — Feeding on the flour of It- 
Kiu^Bai, as Carduelis from Carduus. 

"AKoyflos, the acanthus. — R &Kav0a; The 'acanthus 
spindsus ' is lauded by Loudon. 

"AKoyos, ' same as titfcofda : hence a kind of thistle, 
and the prickly beard of some fruits :' Ldd. 

"Afcapt, a mite. — R a, Kelpw, fKopov. Too small to 
cut. As "A^ofiov, Atom. 

"AKoo-ica, gently. — For Hkcucoi, (as tXx'^i) redupl. of 
hca in *Ak4o9v. 

"A KOTOS J a pinnace : — driDking-oup» prob. like a boat. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



— B. &K(£^» : From its pointed prow. 

*Aicoxff», to grieve. — Bedupl. from Sx®*> V^^ 

*AK4ofMi, to heal : oft. to meud clothes. — ' Most prob. 
to cure, i.e. to qtdet pain, B. ^Vi silently. — Damm 
from o, [tx<^>] X«^»'»» ^ close (a wound), [See Buttm. 
in Next.]. — From the later meaning, to mend clothes, 
came the erroneous deriv. from iue^, a needle :' Dnn. — 
Yet it may be originally, * to sew up WOUNDS with 
the &K^ needle.' 

'Airebiv, silent, pensive, soft: 'Aica, *Ak$, 'Ait^^i', 
gently, softly. — Hemsterh. from &ic^, a point: 'In 
pungent or poignant grief.' (2) As tXaoF tkewy, «o 
Buttm. makes &k4wv for &/(aof , A-x'^" ' ^^t opening 
the mouth. (Isa. 53. 7.) 

'AKH, 'Aicls, a point — Perh. from o, ^k4w, K€d(w 
to split : or f /ceSa;, f xcto*) x^^^i (^ *AK€o»y,) whence 
^7(A(^» to scarify. I.e. an edge made for splitting or 
scarifying, &c. — Or it may be a Primitive. 

*Ak^k In *\kwv, 

"AxtSifos, weak, feeble. — As &AairaAN02 ; from a, 
Kiofy to go : Unable to move forward. So^Aicipos. Much 
hke "A-'KiKvs, 

'AKINAKH2, a scimitar. Called by Horace ' Medus 
aoinaces/ and prob. a Medish word. Some o£fer Mi as 
the root, but ? 

"AkivoSj a grape-stone. — ' Perh. from its sharp taste : 
from axis : Pungent, acer ;' Lenn. See 'Ak^, 

'AKiphsy * same as "Anttiyos :' Ldd. 

*AKKi(ofAat, I seem not to wish what I much wish, 
I coquet — From a senseless wonoan called Acco, (Schol. 
onPUt Gorg. 113.) 

*AKfA^f a point, highest point, crisis. Like 'Aie^. 
'Ak^ijv, at this poirU df time, now. Others understand 
it *■ very,' i.e. at the highest point. 

"AKfifivos, hungry, fasting.*— * Brought to a crisis 
(&«c/xj}) of distress f Ewing. Or, At the edge of appe* 
tite. Thus 'AKfid^ti is, It is high time to do any thing. 
Indeed Hesych. explains 'A«r/i^ by fasting. (Z) From 
a, ficficai, whence vo^i-Kfirrroi : Worn with toil, ex 
hausted, faint. See on 'AfieyHNOS. 

"AxfiMv^ an anvil.—- B. a, KdfAvu^ fir/A€» : Much be- 
laboured with blows, or much laboured at Homer has 
voK^'Kiiirros ffihipos, — > Or a, not : Unwearied with 
blows. So *AKfAhf is unwearied. 

"AKKijffTir, the dorsal spine. — * From a, Kvdw, tKvn- 
oral : Which brutes cannot scratch :' Steph. and Wbst 
(2) Ldd. allies it to "AjccofoSy fAxpos, ? 

"Aico^oy, a mouthful of bread. — R o, k^op, food': 
where a is * scarcely, if at all,' as in 'ABvyarov Heb. 6. 
4 (Schleusn.). (3) ' Hebr. akel, to eat up :' Wr. 

*AkoAov6c», to follow.— Pkto from a for 4/^ f^^- 
\€v0oSf a way. Kt\%{tdm is mentkoied in Stej^. 4845 ; 
(pf. m. ic6K^Aev0a). (2) Some compare it with Lat 
cdh. ? 

'AkSpti, a whetstone— B. iuc^j an edge ; as B^^os, 

'Akos, a cure. See 'Ajciofuu. 

*AKo<rr^, barley. — B. iuchj a point : Pointed, prickly. 
As Hordeum from Horridum, f Hordum, bristly. See 

*Ak0vw, to hear. — B. cucfj. Much as Lat. €tcuOy to 
sharpen (the ears) : to be shai-p in hearing. We say. 
To prick up one's ears. Horace has * aures (tcutas* 
Cio.: *£rigUe sures vestras.' Apollonius: *OpdouriP 
hr' oikuFiy, So *AKpo(i»fieu from "Axpos. (2) From 
a, intens., Ko4a to hear. 

"Ajcpoj promont<M7, citadel. — B. lixpos, 

*AKpaTl(ofjLai, to breakfast — For this meal consisted 
of bread steeped in &-KpaTov, unmixed wine. 

*AKp4fiav^ (like *Apr4fi(op,) * the extremity of a branch ; 
— a branch : from djcpos :' Dnn. 'From Axpos : strictly, 
a bough ending in smaller branches and twigs :' Ldd. 
'An uppermost branch,' Isa. 17. 9. ' The highest branch 
of the cedar,' 17. 3. * The topmost bough,' Young's 
N. Th. So Dr. Jones here: 'As being the highest 
branch.' (2) B. a, much, Kp^fidfit i From branches 
hanging down or over. 

*AKpt€iiSj exact, accurate, strict-^-' Usually derived 
from iKpos :' Ldd. ' "Axpos and [f^e^J ficdvw :' Ormst 
Going to the height or top of a thing. Milton has 
' From the height of this great argument.' (2) From 
0, much ; Kplvm to judge. B, as in rplBcD. 

"AKpiSj a locust.—' A common name to all locusts, 
from &Kpa, a top : As feeding on the tops of ears of corn 
and plants :' Schleusn. (2) B. a, Ktlpa, Kepa. 

'AKpoAofmif to listen to.-*Fully represented in *AKo6a. 

"AKpoSj extreme, upmost. — B. i«^, a point (2) 
From a, euphon., xdpa, (icpc^) the head. 

'AicT«^^<0, to feast well. Plutarch says i " What do 
people mean when in inviting each other to fare plea- 
santly they say, 'Aicreio-w/icv to-day ? Is it not that a 
dinner xap* iucrf is the pleasantest kind of dinner, as 
indeed it is ? " ' In acta jacebat ebrius :' Cic. 

*AicT€Uvu ' seems a form of &yot, (^ktoi,) to put in 
motion, raise, support : — move rapidly, be active :' Ldd. 

*A«T^, a shore ; — any raised place. — B. iq/vvfii^ &- 
KToi, to break : From the breakers. Or a broken shores 
So IHrvvvyn, 'Prryfiip, 

*Akt^, com. — As above : Broken or bruised by the 
flail or mill. 

*AjcrlSf a sunbeam. — ^As above : Broken or refracted ; 
' a fragment of the sun,' says Ewing. 

"AKTAOS, acorn. — The Sax. etc is our oak, — Unless, 
(as *AKp4ftMU from Axpos^) from &ic^, the extremity. 
(2) 'Hebr.a&i,toeat:' Wr. 

'Akwic^, a point — B. iic^, as 'Aytayii, 

'AKuVy -oi'Tos, a javelin.— B. hdi : Pointed. 

'AAA6APXH2, a Jewish magistrate. — A foreign 
word: (Sturze in Steph. clxix.) Some read 'ApajS- 
dpxn^'j a governor of the Arabs. 

*A\dSaffrpov^ alabaster stone : — a box of it. — From 
a ; f \a§a;, \afi€dyeo : Difficult to handle from its smootli- 
nes8.-« Some say from an alabaster box having no Aa- 
fihs handles. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



*AAii^«Vf * from &\% a wandering : A vagabond, false 
pretender, quack, swaggering :' Ldd. (2) From a, \d- 
(ofuu : One who takes too much on himself, aatumes. 

*A\alvo>f 'AAcEo/ioi, to wander. — R AXri, 

'AXaXcd, ezdam. of joy : 'AAoA^, a load ry, war- 
cry : 'AXoAd^w, to raise the &XaX^. — From the sound 
oA-oX. See *OAoA^f«, *E\€\w, 'EAeA/fw. (i) From 
the Arabic AUAl, God, God ! or Hebr. Ei^El 

'AAdXKw, the same as 'AAck», f &Aicw. 

'AXabs, ' not seeing, blind :* Ldd. — ^B. a, Xduj to see. 

*AAairtil^», the same as Aairci^w. 

*AXas,*AA5, aXhSf salt : — the salt sea. — R iXXofAcu^ 
f &Wm, f oAw, to jamp np. * ScUiente sale,* says Ti- 
bullas*, * saliente mici,' Horace.— Bat some think the 
sea the first meaning, from the springing waves : as 'Al|, 
iitiratt. (2) Welsh halm, Germ. «a^ Bass, solj oar 

"AAckTTor, 'A\(£<rTWf>:— Bp. Blomfield says: 'From 
SXri error is *A\A(u to deceive ; *AXdirT»p who leads 
into error : "AAooros, led into error ; — [leading into 
error,] pernicious.'— Bat others from a, fAc(0w, f A€- 
Aoorreu, Xa»Odv». Thos Liddell : '"AAcurrof, not to be 
forgotten or forgiven, insufierable: — unceasing* — 
abominable, aocuned. 'AAoorlw, [not to forget,] to 
be implacable, bear hate. *AXdirr»p, [who does not 
forget,] an avenger : — also accursed.' 

*AA7^«, to grieve, feel pain.^-B. &A^w, to care 

"AAdctf, -^, -alvcOf "AAOm, to cause to thrive or grow, 
increase. — Damm thinks it a lisping form of &pda», to 
irrigate, as Khiiayov for KViScarov. (2) Allied to'AAis, 
abundantly: To cause to be abunduit or luxuriant 
The Lat. ALO h& very observable. A, as lAAo/uai, 
/lA^AAw. (3) R &A€a, the heat of the sun. 

'AA^a, 'AAca, heat of the sun.— As'AA^w is the same 
as EiAt^, as 'AAch is referred by Ldd. to £(A^, as 
'AA/o-fcw and *EA« EfAoi' are the same, so 'AA^a, 'AAca 
are referred by Dnn. to*EAi;, the shining of the sun. 
(a) Wright from ^jAws, Dor. fiAioy, the sun. (3) As 
from alos or ai^ is AdoAco, so from obs. f tio) to shine, 
(whence 'Affr^ip, "Aorpoy, Att», Awy^,) is f AoA^o or 
'AA^a. — Or'AA^a for AwoA^o, dry, burnt up: Used 

*AA€a, an avoiding, escape : 'AAccd^w, to avoid, escape : 
AAc^, to remove, keep from, ward off: *AA^ojuai, to 
escape : 'AAuericw, to avoid, also to wander about. All 
these are allied to^AAi; a wandering away, roaming off, 
deviating, declining. See however on 'AAewo). 

'AArytf , 'AXeyi(uj * to regard or count : usu. derived 
from a copul., Aeyo;, to count Also, to regard, heed, 
have a care for :' Ldd. 

"AAetap, wheaten flour. — R &A^w, to grind. 

'AAclj, collected, drawn together; — shrinking. — 
* Belonging to ElXw :' Ldd. Convolutus, conglobatus. 

"AXturoVj a carved cup. — B. o, not, \e7ov or Kurtrhv, 
smooth. Asperum signis. (2) Allied to *A\tu to roll: 

i.e. rolled round, as the Etymol M. explains it T^pt- 

'AAcfnjs, who leads or goes astray. — See 'AAtr^. 
'AAc/^, to oil, anoint — R o ; Aciw, to smooth ; — 
allied too to AtiSot to shed, AixoSf fat, oil. 

'AAeKTCpp, the cock.— Akin to'AAcirrof : The sleep- 
less : irom \eyofiai, KdKacrai, to lie down. Others, as 
not suffering us to Ue in bed. Gray : *■ The cock's shrill 
chuion ... No more shall wake them fipom their lowly 

*AA^iefl0, 'AA^(», •€», to ward off, defend.— Allied to 
*M\€iHa in the 2d *AA€a. Yet * to ward off' may flow 
from collecting or coiling oneself up. Virgil : * Sub- 
stitit iEneas, et se collegit in arma.' See 'AAEfi. 

*A\4ofuu : in the 2d *AAca. 

'AAcvpoy, like "AAeiap, from i\4to. 

'A\€{m : in the 2d 'aAco. 

•AAEn, •lAEGj-'EAAn, 'EAAfl,''EAn, 'AAL^^IAAfl 
£IAA,*EIAQ, EIAEA, &c. seem to have been Primitives 
and all allied, and to have orig. meant to drive, but espe> 
cially to drive round, coil, roll : — to wind round, wend 
or wander round about: — to encompass and so drive 
into a comer, hem in, take : — to drive round in a mill, 
grind. These meanings are not however common in we 
to them all. — 'Hebr. ee/, to move quickly :' Wr. 

"AA)}, a wandering. — See 'AAEA. 

*A\7i&^Sf without reserve, open, sincere, true.— R a ; 
A^0fl0, f Aa0€», lateOf to elude notice : One who does not 
elude observation, open. Or manifest} clear, certain. 

'A\iis, *AA^J, crowded •. as *AAcfs. 

'AA0W, to cause to grow, — to heal.— R KaSm, <(A- 
Offyy to cause to grow, nourish, strengthen. 

*A\l6as^ sapless. — R a ; Ai^^, a dripping. ' Without 
vital moisture,' Dnn. Compare A^iros, fat 

'AA(7kios, alike. — For &A/ictos (as KaTx^^i kIT- 
kAos) : and, as *A(7ix^s is thought by some to have a 
double compound a, (a: so Damm brings i\lKu>s from 
a, Aa, and fhcios like "IiceAos, ElkeAos, from tUw^ to be 
like ; and as Aixia is 'A-ticeia, 'A-c£ircia. (2) Lenn. 
from f oAU, oAfo-icai, capio : Gapax, holding (so much), 
of such and such capacity or dimensions. He compares 
*AXlyKio5 with *HAi(, ikos, equal in age. And Blomf. 
says : * It seems to come from HAt|.' (3) As our Like 
prop, means ' even, smooth,' (Webster,) so f &A{icto5 from 
a ; fAio) i.e. Act», to smooth, whence Auraby and Airbs, 
smooth, plain: f A(«, f AcAmco. See Aiiunfij AtfjJfv. . (4) 
^rom a, Ai(», A^Atxa, to graze, scratch : Not grazing 
against, not jarring, i.e. agreeing. Or a, together, \ly- 
7«, 7|a) : * Non absonuJB stridore,' Greg. (5) Allied to 
our LIKE, ALIKE ;-^lic Sax., HOi Dutch. 

'AKiebSf a fisherman. — R &A5, oA^s, the sea. 

'AA(^w, to assemble : — from a\iis or &Ac^r. Also, 
to salt, from &A5, a\65. 

*AAu'5ew, to roll, as *AAia>. And to wander, as *A- 
A(U. So KvA/itf, Kv\ivB4u. 

*AAio$, * of the sea, oXSs : — as the sea is a watery 
waste, "AAtoT is vain, fruitless:' Ewing. As Homer: 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



ik-rpuyeroio ^dKdfforjs, (a) B. &Aij, a wandering : 
Wandering from the mark. So 'HAis, *liKldios. 

"AKiSj in abundance, enough- — B. oA^s, crowded. 

'A\i(ry4a, to pollute. — Allied to *AAf« and *A\ivB4u 
to roll : (In form as Muryia.) : To roll in the mire, 
wallow. Jeremiah : * Wallow thyself in ashes.* So Vo- 
lutabnim from Voluto. 

'AKiffKOfiai, to be taken. — R oAfcu, to roll round, en- 
compass, hem in, take. 1 Sam. 23. 26 : ' Saul and his 
men compassed David and his men round abont, to taJce 
them. ' See ' AAEH, and •E\«, EIXoi^. 

*AAiT^», 'AAe/rw, to sin, transgress. — R. &K% a wan- 
dering : to wander from the way, to err like lost sheep. 
So 'AAoii'w and 'AAi/re^w to wander, (a) Thiersch 
curiously from a, Kir-h : ^ Who prays not, godless/ 

'AAi« to roll.— See *AAEX1. 

*AAica^ a lion's tail.-»'R. hXicf] : From the fury [or 
power] with which he lashes it about :' Ldd. 

'AAkc^ a poisonous plant— B. &A.ic^, force ; as Ar- 
senic is ^kpfffvuchVf masculine, powerful. 

'AAic^, strength. — B. &A.cira;, &\<i\Ka : The power of 
warding off. (2) B. &A&», HXKa^ to strengthen. 

'AAk^k, a kingfisher.— R &As, oXbs, the sea ; «c^fl0, 
to bring forth. ' It is said she breeds in the sea, and that 
there is always a calm during her incubation :' Todd. 

'AAXa, but.— Neut. pi. ofAAAos: (Quite) other- 
wise. So Latin Caateriim. 

*AAAas, a sausage, pudding.— B. f ooAA'^ets, f doAAgs, 
fioAAos, like 'Apyas, Allied to *AoAA^s, ^confertus,' 
which from ' farcio', whence ' &rclmen, a sausage.' So 
'AA€i05 is ' coactus in unum, confertus.' (Steph.) 

'AAActo-cro), to make &AAo other than it is, change. 
So to Alter from Alter. See *Aydff<r<». 

'AAAHAOTIA, HaHelujah: Made up of Hebreio 
words, * Praise ye the Lord !* 

"AAAo/xat, to leap, spring. — Allied by Lennep to 
'AA^w to roll, 'AAEA and^EAAo;. 'Versor hue illuc 
motu voltUorio ;' Lenn. Agreemg.with the preliminary 
tossing of the body, especially in vaulting, (a) As 
'Attro-M, to spring, from f &», to breathe, pant ; so from 
Sao (See*'A^w,) might be f AAAw in this sense, as YcUtf, 
>F(£aa«; fB(£a>, BdWa>» (3) 'Arab, halla, to unpel, 
shoot :* Wbst * Hebr. eel, to move quickly :' Wr. 

''AAAos, other, another. — Allied to At^Aof various. 
Compare ^AAw, f/VAov. (a) 'Welsh a//, other : Irish 
ai7e, eile : Armoric eeZ, all, egtdle^ &c. : Wbst. 

"AAjiiij, salt-water : SAas. 

'AAo(i», to thresh in an &Kut or &A»(£. 

"AAol, A2Ao|,'XIA^, a furrow. — Like an AuAbj, pipe. 
(a) B. €AKa», 5AKa, to draw on : whence fSAxf, Sa|, 
g. &\Kos. But the A in "AAo^ ? 

"hKoxos, a wife. — B. a, together, \iyoyutu, AfAox*, 
to lie down, allied to A4xos. So 'A-Kofnjs. 

'AAirvbs, * cherishing, pleasant: perh. for @d\vv6s\ 
(Ewing,) from ddXirto : as Fata, Ala ; Ael^of, Ei€ta. 
(a) For fAXtpvhi from &\<pij com : Nourishing. (3) 
B. a ; ^Airis : To be hoped or desired. 

•AAf, aA(Js:*See'AAaj. 

'AAaos, a grove, thicket — B. &\S<w, ffw : *A place 
grown with trees :' Ldd. 

*AAT^p€S, weights held in jumping. — B. dWofiat^ 

"AAtw, a sacred grove. — B. &A8«, JUraijas^AAo-of. 

"AAws, indolence or listlessness. — B. fiAij. * Idle va- 
grancy :' Dnn. 

*AAwrtJ, a chain.— Usually from a ; AiJw, <r«, to loose : 
Indissoluble. — But the Aspirate points to a\4<» or oAiJetf, 
ciAt^w, to roll or wrap round. 

'AKiffKta : in the 2d 'AA^a. 

'AAiJnjs, a lictor who kept order at the games :— R 
&A^». * For he had to wander about continually among 
the crowd :' Hemst 

'AAt;w, to wander in mind : to be beside oneself in 
sorrow or in joy : — Allied to 'AAo/v«, 'AAcb/toi. (a) B. 
a, much, A«^, as in 4K-\4\vfAai. 

''AA*A, alpha : Hebr. alepk. 

"AA^, gain of prostitution.— B. HXtpw, 

"AA^iTov, "AA^M, pearl barley. — R &A€», to grind (as 
"AKevpov,) whence f iAeirrw, (as ^pEIITA, and x^o^, 
XoAEirrXl,) i&\s<l>a, t^<^a. So. VcU, Vrj^os. (a) 
Nor does Hemsterhuis think it absurd to deduce it from 
HLKipUt to find : ' A great ^nc? among raw meats ^ ' The 
invention, by excellence : barley-meal being the first in 
use :' Dnn. — Some from &\<p09, as explained tixt>t\w by 
Hesych. : from its immense utility. (3) B. ^&\<pos, 
La.t. A LB US. See^AA^os. Homer has Acvicd ftA^tra. 
(4) From a, Aeirw, AcAo^ : As peeled wheat 

"AA^os, the white leprosy. — 'Among the ancient 
Greeks &A^os was white, whence allms ;' Hemst. That 
is, ' white as &X<piy ground com :' Scheide. 

"AA^tf, *A\<paivw, to yield, procure, get, find. — Len- 
nep allies "AA^ to "AXdu and^AAdw, to cause to grow, 
to increase, (a) Allied to 'AAl<rKw, 'AXla-KOfjuu, and 
*'EAa), clXov, to take. (3) From &\ri, a wandering 
about, i.e. to seek and find. ^ as in ipdw, ^^os; 

'AA«^, the same as'AAwj, 

'AAcirirT/^, a fox : — a falling off of the hair, as in the 
mange of foxes: — pi. the deep-seated muscles of the 
loins, perh. from the deep coverts of foxes. See on *EA€t- 
^s.— B. AAwirbs, fraudulent (a) B. o ; Ae'irw, Af- 
Aoira, to take off the bark, to peel. ' Qai callid^ cibum 
decorticare novit:' Lenn. (3) 'For dA<6^f, a de- 
vourer of the vineyard : from oKtos, tpdya, ^a :' Ewing, 

'AAwirbs, fraudulent. — R &Aij, a leading into error 
(^sch. Ag. 194), and ^t^, dm6s : or -wiros is a termi- 

'AAwj, a threshing-floor, com-floor, granary, vine- 
yard, area, halo round the sun and moon. And 'AAw^. 
And 'AAoifio), to thresh. — R &A^», oAa;, to grin^, 
bruise, pound. Some ally it to *A\IC» to collect (the 
com): 'AA^s, drawn together, (a) As a vineyard, 
orchard, corn-field, Dnn. allies it to obs. fiiAw, alo, &\- 
$Wi &\aos. 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 



"AMA, 'AMa, at one and the same place or time to- 
gether with. Lennep compares 'Aju^s, one; making 
'A/ia the same as una. Then 'A/iciw, to gather into ONE. 
— * The Syriac AM^ with :' Mrt. * Hebr. om, together :* 
• Wr. Seen in Emma-nvL-ei, With ns GOD. 

"AfioBoSf sand. — For }l/dfiaBoSy as A7a for Tata. So 
'AfifMs for ^dfi/MS. (2) B. &fiaiw, dLfidBtiyj to accama- 
late. * Cumulos malfe pinguis argnae :' Vii^. 

'A/uaffvcw, to level with the IkyLoBos sand, destr()y. 

'A/AoAdvi'w, to make a^iaKhv soft, weaken, dissolve, 

'"AfioAAa, a bundle or armful of com. — R Spa, to- 
gether : as &cAAA, 3v€AAa. Or R. &/a^ * to gather, 
grasp', Ewing. So Dnn. (a) R 8/*a, oXels, collected. 
(3) ' The Hebr. akm ;' Wr. 

'AjuoA^s, 'AftoXbs, soft, tender, weak. — R S^m, as 
from dyia together is '0/*aAij, even, level, smooth. 
(2) B. a ; |MiAbs, =: ^410X65. (3) ' Hebr. am«/, weak, 
languid :' Oger and Wr. 

*A/(xa/xo|uy, a vine trained on two poles. — Bednpl. for 
diftc^vsj (Dnn.) from £jua, &^o)V a board, plank. See 
the latter part of the next. 

"A/io^o, a heavy jvaggon : — some say in which all 
the goods of a family are carried, from ifia, Hyoo, j(|w : 
(Horace : ' Quorum plaustra vagas rite tnihunt domes :' 

* Easily transported from place to place,' says Adam 
Smith :) But Pott from &fia, iS^wy : * Of two axles, i.e. 
four wheels.' 

'Afidpa, a dike, trench.— As if^cw^APA, fAwrAPA; 
from i/A<£o>, to collect : A collection, reservoir, of water, 
(a) R o, fieipuy ^l^fJMpou : a dividing off. (3) * Ara- 
bic Amara, fluxit :' Scheide. (4) Mrt-'s &fM, piw pSi 
is hardly worth mention. 

fA/iopTCfitf, *Afmfndvw, to miss, fail, go wrong, err, 
sin. — B. o, dfMfniwf * to equal in speed', (Ewing) : Not 
to keep up with. But not only is there *0/*opTp, but 
'AfiopTp. Better still then from o, fo/itofnf. (a) 
Buttm. neglects the aspirate, and brings from a; jU€{/>», 
fiiixaprai : To be without one's fitpos share. (3) B. a ; 
fidfnrrw, to seize : soft for a^fnrriw. (4) Some com- 
pare *A6poT4wy *A€pori(u : which see. 

•AjuoptJcr<r«, to glitter. — R a ; f jua(pc0, ffuipw, /uop- 
tudpw, to glitter : So MAPatr/cw. 

'Afids. See in ^Afils. 

^Afxavphs, obscure, dark, black. — ' R a ; futtpu, [^fia- 
f>«,] to shine :' Ewing. T addded as in our moUntain. 
Gompai-e 'A^avp^s. Dnn. takes a as euphonic, as TaO- 
pos, "Ayavpos. Note that ^auhs from ^aos is ' duskish.' 

*A/mU, to gather £/ia together, to grasp in the hands, 
spec, the stalks of com in reaping, then to reap, (a) 

* Hebr. (w», to gather :' Wr. See on 'A/xa. 

"AftJSjjf "AfiSuVj a brow, brim, boss. — * Prob. from 
iifjuf} — , amb — , and so = afupop^hs, amphora :' So says 
Liddell on^Afiit^, and equally true is it of ''Aiugiy,''Ajug«y. 
(a) R f ifi§^, f &/uSa;, iLfi€aivu : what mounts on high. 

"Attfti, IMS, a cup, beaker. — See ia'A/*^. (a) 
*Arab. aftigf;' Mrt. 

'Ajug\€», *Afi6\iffiM, to miscarry in the birth.— For 
ai.ifa-fio\ktf &fiSo\4w, to throw or cast oflf, reject (2) 
R ifiS\^s: *To make bhmi, weak, abortive:' Jones. 

*A/a9a6s, blunt, dull. — As B is added for euphony in 
/i€juB\er«, fiifiSKotKOf so Dnn. thinks in ii^AB\6s, from 
a, /u»Xv5, dull, (itm\vs, f&fiAirs, ^ifiBAtJf;) or from 
iLfjLoXhSf "fiifiXhsy weak : ' better,' he says, * for *A/ia\- 
Hvvw and *Ati€\vyet have nearly the same sense.' (2) 
R ikfj^dXXoi, "fitfiehiw, so that i/iSA^f is Be-missns, 
Bemiss, slow. See *Ae\rixp6s. (3) Mrt. from Hebr. 
ambul, weak. 

*AfjL6p6(rios, immortal — For h&p6tnos (as KaVLSdvia, 
iMftwririy) from a, fipoT6s. As 'A^poSin;, 'A^poSf- 


'A/i^porciv. See in 'AtffNn-ci^w. M added as above. 

"Afiguy. See 'A^^. 

*Afi4$vffrof, amethyst. — R a, /i^0v: 'Because it 
comes very near to the colour of wine. So Pliny. And 
not, as Atheueus says the ancients believed, from its 
keeping off drankenness :' Schleusn. 

Afjifi6ovr€Sy prop, 'crossers', 'altematers', rafters 
crossing and meeting each other : from 

*Aful6o9, ('A/Aciiw is allied,) to act or give in return, 
move by returns, give in change, exchange, barter. Midd., 
alternate with another's discourse, reply. — From 2/ia, 
together with. lu form as ^rtlSw, e\i€tOy TpUu. (a) 
Bp. Burgess from a, obs. ^fi4u, Lat. meo, to pass from 
one place to another. 

*Afitlvo^, better.-— Fischer says for dfiepluy, from a 
intens., fidvoSf inclination : More to our mind. Or, 
which is the same, from fjueVw, fi4ftoyaj fitytcdrwj to 
long for. 

*Afji.€lpcoj to deprive one of his fitpos share : a intens. 

*Afi4\ywy to press out juice as honey or milk, to pluck 
fmit. — Some from AfM, M\k», (as in *'A/iAa{a,) to draw 
the pai-ts together, (a) Some simply from A/io, the 
rest being a termination : or from a, f/u^w, Lat. meo : 
To make to pass out. See the latter part of 'A/uc/6w. 
(3) As fi^Ao9 and fjL4Pos are identified, so iLfjL4Ayu and 
ifiiPyw below. (4) Our word milk, Dutch melken. 
Sued, miolka, Buss, mehsyu, &c. are allied. 

'A/A€i^i/bs, ' faint, feeble. Derivation uncertain :' Ldd. 
Yet others derive it nndoubtingly from a, /ucVos, or di- 
rect from &-/iei^f weak. Compare rt^HNOS, &ic/xH- 
N02, Lat. terrENUS, aerENUS, aeptENUS. 

'Afiepyw, to pluck or pull. — R a for iir^, fAtpos: 
To pull the parts asunder. As 'Airoficpi(w, ' to divide, 
separate,' Dnn. See below. — Or at once as fitpi(uz 
especially as O seems a compound in the kindred fOfidp^ 
70), *Ofi6pyvvfiiy and to answer to A intens. here. (2) 
The same as *Afi4\yw. 

*Afi4piu, to take iivh away from another his fidpos 
portion. As *A/uc/jpw. 

'AfA€{/oftai, the same as 'AfulSw. 

"Afiri, a rake or harrow, as gathering within its teeth 
stones and clods as it passes ; from ILfjM or ikfuiw.— Also 
a scythe or sickle, clearly from itfAdu, — Also a mattock 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



or pickaxe, answering to the explanation of iLfiriffdfievos 
in Schol. Horn, bj ovytKuv x^f^^* gasping ^^^h the 
hand : As being grasped. So a spade or shovel. — Also 
a water-bucket, bat this seems to agree better with 
*Afiiis or *Afnls which see. 

*AMHN, verily : a Hebrew word. 

'^Afitis, ov and firos^ ^ a preparation of milk for the 
table, prob. by coagulation :' Dnn. — From 4/i^ ; a/i»y- 
adfieyos meaning (rwarycey<&y, (Schol. Hom.) Just as 
Coagulate from Co-ago. Some say from its bemg a 
medley: an omninm-gatherum. (2) B. ifirrros: A 
harvest cake. 

"AiiijroSj harvest. — K afidoOj ifirrroL 

'Afiidpiw^ ^ transp. from &pi0ft4M :' Dnn. 

"AfuWa, a contest— * From Hfia [much as &eAXa, 
f^^XAa,] nothing to do with t\ri :* Ldd. "IXri would 
make one A, as in ^'O/t-iAos. Some add 1XA», to twist, 
fold, as in wrestling. 

*AfuvaioSj relating to JmtncBa, a part of Campania 
famous for its wine. 

'AMIS, a chamber pot :*— also a boat) and so lAfjids, 
— Perhaps A/a here is short for itfi^ — or f^M^ — , as 
ulm-jicio, ^micio is for ambi-jacio, as Am-plector, as 
An-helo for Am-h&lo, and as *A^-pop^hs for oft/pi-. 
~<f>op€{rs. Allied, if so, to "A/iA^tl. For afi<p>* the Dutch 
is om, Germ, um. 

"Afifjuif a fastening. — R. &irr», dfifiau. 

"PkfiiMS, sand, for ^ci/ifios, as Toua, Ala. 

^AfufOfios, an offspring or descendant— Allied by 
Ldd. and Dnn. to 'A/u'bs, a lamb, (Very rare.) 

^AfivioVj a bowl in which the oT/ua blood of victims 
was caught, for aXyoflov. But some say the blood prop. 
&/ii'wy of himbs. 

*Afxviov, the same as *TfiyloVf 'tiiivuiv, from d/xV* 
ifitvos, Prob. by corruption. 

^Afivhs, a lamb. — B. &/ieH)$, weak, f a/a^s : Or from 
iififyriuds,'^ Or fidvos here is fury. * Phcidum pecus', 

*Afio\yhSy * prop, milkingtime, from &fi4\ya : hence, 
morning or evening twilight, the first or the latter part 
of the night. Schneider cites II. x> 28 ftcr' Harpauri 
vvKrhs AftoA7^, where twilight, he says, does not apply ; 
but it seems not incompatible with the early part of the 
night:' Dnn. 

*Afiop€hs, ' a companion, follower ; herdsman, shep- 
herd.— B. ^a, dpfidu : to which belongs ^AfiopfibSf the 
same :' Dnn. Or &fta^ t^f><v» Spofjuu. — Some also read 
^AfiopShs for *AfM\yhs above, ' darkness' : the Schol. on 
Nicander taking it for d'fiop<f>oSy 'without form and 
void.* B, M, * are equivalent letters. 

^AfMpy^j olive-lees. — R ofiepyto, Hfiopya. 

*AfiopylSf fine flax from the island tii Amorgoa in the 

'A/ibs, one: See in A/ua. — Also for 'E/iuis. And 

"Afjunovy insatiably. — Blomf. says : * From t/*<*«, to 
fill, cram, was funhs lint : which was applied to hollow 

wounds to fill up the flesh : and "A-funos, which cannot 
be filled up.* Like "'A-itAijtoj. 'EfA/xoTos also is found. 
Isaiah 1. 6 : ' The wounds have not been closed up J 
Justin: ^Sanguis alitor cludi non posset' (2) B. a, 
and an obs. word allied to fierpiuf Lat metior. Like 

"AfiwtXoSj a vine. — R. itfiiri =z ofjupH, as in *Afix- 
l<rx<» : As creepmg about with its branches, (a) B. 
ov^wcXm, *It supports itself on something and so 
moves up:' Damm. 

*AjuirAa«r^M,tomiss, err: for*AirAaK^w,(asAaMi3(ifei;,) 
from a, much: irActfw or ^w\du to wander. 

"Afivpov, used, says Liddell,only by the Grammarians 
as the root of *AfiTp€{ni>^ to draw along, drag, for dva- 
irop€^w. So "Afiirovov for Ay& ir(6>o^, and "AijLfuya, 

"Afiwv^f xvKoSf a band or fillet, head-band, cover of a 
cup, anything round as a wheel. — All derive from 
A^rcxA'.to hold round: but certainly from Avck, xixa 
or 7ruKd(o9 to make close and cover up. 

"AfjLVdrrtSj the ebb.— R ovck, tjJtos, v6cris: A drink- 
ing or swallowing up. 

*AfjLvydcL\7i^ almond. — As *AirofxayiaXih from Airo- 
fidffffUy 80 our word from &fi{Mr<r» : * The bark is like skin 
lacerated by the nails:' Lenn. 

"AfivSis, the same as "A/ao. So "AAAo, "AWt^is. 

*AfivBp6s, dim or dark, indistinct as letters. — B.a, 
fAvUdUf to be putrid from damp. 

'Afi^Khou, shoes worn by the people of Anu/cla in 

"AfivAoy, * fine meal, prepared more carefully than by 
common grinding:' Ldd. — R a, /i^A97, miU. 

'AfJMfAwVy irreproachable. — R fivfxap^ or allied. 

'Afivvu, fHvyofxai, to ward or keep off, repel, defend, 
(as Lat. de-fendo has both senses,) help, fight for. — 
Lennep says: ^M^pofuu, to make pleas and pretexts; 
from fivw, to shut, cover : hence *A/avkw.' (As Svw, 
Swa.) The sense of shutting oneself up leads to that 
of securing and defending oneself, warding off, &c. 

^Afi^ffffa, to lacerate. — B. a ; 'f/x^aoroo allied to 
MvotIAAw, and to MtJrtAos, mutilated. (2) * B. 
aJfia, cufAwrffw: To draw blood, wound: or Mfios,ti 
thorn:' Dnn. Compare *ApLviov. 

"Afwtrriij a large draught taken without closing the 
lips, from a, /i^», fudfivarai, 

*Afi<t>a(rlri, speechlessness. — As iMSpdffios; for a, 
fipdu, ^/il, to speak. 

'AfjupH^ around, about — B. fi/xa, for EiMupi, as v<$o^I, 
7^1. Allied to''A/i0(tf,both; Af^fjAsf on both sides. One 
thing or person &tia with another. So the Proverb: 
^Aju* liroj, &PL ipyov. Homer: Se a/iia koX l/t*: i.e. 
you and me together, BOTH you and me. From the 
sense ' on both or many sides £jua together', is ' around, 
about.' (2) The Latin ami-. Sax. onA, emb, ymb, 
Dutch amy Germ, tan, 

'AM^IA!S> a Sicilian wine of very moderate quality. 
— Can it be fromofjupl ' between, in the middle', (Dnn.): 
Middling? Compare ''Avtos. (Veiy rare word.) 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



'Pifupirpirii, AmphitrUe^ prop, the sea: a/ii4>l, f Tpt«, 
rpliwy (Lat. irita) : The sea bearing the shore. See 
A«T^, 'Friyfiiv, 
"AjU^ : in *AfJupl. 

*AVj if.— For Uv. (a) Our old an: * An it please 
your honor.' Webst. refers to an in Arabic, Samari- 
tan, Chaldaic, Irish. 

*Av, from meaning ' if *, is often merely a particle of 
doubt, conjecture, contingency. Sometimes custom, as we 
say, ' He would get up c^ a morning and walk six miles.' 

'Ai'-jHot, for^Avcw. 

*ANA, up, upon, over, through, by taieans of, in 
course of. Also as we say Per aniium, as Two by two, 
Year by year, &c. — Goth, ana, Germ, an, our on. 

"Afo-, back, back again, again. — If we go higher 
UP into time, we go back. Above. 

*Ava€p6xu '• See in Bp6yxos, 

*A»iyKrit necessity. — Bedupl. (as "AXaKKt) from 
f &7/n}, from &7X^} ^ P^^s^ ^i^ht, as BiKofxai 4ud 
SfXo/xat, (t>v\aK}i and ire^^AaXo. (2) Allied to 
'AyKiXos, bent: Which is not to be bent, inflexible. 
(3) R. aydtraWf ^w, x^i to be master over. 

'AvaiMjMOi, to refuse, reject. — R av, not; olw, to 
approve. (Z) R. av, f of«, Lat. ato, as Nego is Ne-aio 
Ne-ajo. (3) Buttm. from iv-, not, simply. (4) 
Thiersch from Germ, nein, no: with A. 

^Avauri/JiSa: See Aiffi/xSca, 

"AvoKes, the same as^AyoKres, kings, spec, applied to 
Castor and Pollux. Compare ^AvukQs. Formed from 
iydtrffco, pf. act. &vaxa, as 4>vAaK^ from ir€<f>^\aXa. 

*Avi.Kropov, a palace ivducTtov of kings, a temple. 
So Basilica from Ba(ri\e{rs. 

*AvdK(a\oSy * shortened, short, from k6\os. Also, a 
long and flowing robe; from the term iLvak€Ko\iroi)ix4vo5 
in explan. of C^ip^ it may have been worn tucked up, 
and so appeared short:' Dnn. 

*AvaK&Sf carefully: i.e. in the manner iofiKwv of 
kings or overseers. 

'AvoKwxh, AioKotxh* KaTOKQfxhj stay, cessation, 
truce. — * The more analogous form from i»fx^9 AfOxa, 
is ityOKooxh as written by some Grammarians:' Ldd. 
In Homer is <rvv-OKwx<^^- (2) For hj/aywxht &c. 
from kuiyw, &c. to withdraw : as we find icaraT^Oxa. 

*Aya\i(rKa>, 'Aya\6w, to spend, consume. — R. &v^, 
oAio-ica;, to take up, as Sub^emo, Sumo. 

"Avoi, a king, ruler. — R. iwdaace, f«. 

'Ava^vpCSfs, trowsera worn by Eastern nations. — 
For opo-ffvpibes, from o-^pw, as being drawn up. 
Drawers. So Eustath. (2) * A Persian word :' Ldd. 

'AmTraptct^a;, to break faith like the Parians. 

'Ayapirris : See Nripirris. 

'Ayap^ixAofiaij to clamber up with hands and feet. — 
R orA, h-ppixn^ a basket which they used (Ju>lyi^v) to 
draw up by ropes (Suid.). This verb iufl/xau is ex- 
plained by Liddell *to draw up, strictly by straps; 
intrans. to mount up.' (2) Some from iipdxvrji a 
spider. ?? 


*Ayd(nrvy to rule, reign : to be &i/& over othets. As 

"Avaupos, ^Anaurus, a river in Thessaly: hence ap- 
plied to any torrent:' Ldd. Yet prob. from a, much, 
pdo)^ to flow. As AUpa from f&fltf to blow. See o/a- 

'Avtidvw, to please. — R aSew, as f/ia0^w, fmSBdyu. 

"Ay^ripa, mv, any raised banks or borders, flower 
beds, edges of rivers, earth dug up, trench or canal. 
— R. Av5€», (&ya5^,') * to surround with, crown with', 
Dnn. (2) Some say for &vdfipa from 6»$os: as 

'Avipdx^^Vi a coal-pan. — ' Phiinly akin to Mpa^:* 

'AvSpfos, the statue ay^phs of a man. 

'AvdSriy, negligently, loosely, confusedly. — As ^rd- 
$i}y, BdSriu. R. t&W», iyirifu, to remit. So *Ay€ifUva5. 
And "Averoy and "Ayeffis. 

"Aytfios, wind. — As "Amtos, let loose, from f&ycw, 
&yeraij iufirifUf and "Avtcis from fii'co'cu, so &vffxos from 
&y€fiat pers. 1. as 4'aA.MO:S from lij/aX/uai: Air let 
loose. 'Wind was not ill called by the ancients a 
swifter course of air:' (Dr. J.). Says Homer, Z€<f>^poio 
ii^as *aK€ayhs 'AN-IHSL C2) ' For &e/MS from 6u 
to blow:' Dnn. WhyN? 

*Ajf€fjLw\io5t light, empty or useless as the fife/ios 
wind. So 'Tir-iiyifuos is used. And 'E^-aycfiSm is to 
render void. Ovid: * Levis es multbque tuis ven- 
tosior alis.* Shaksp. : ' They pass by me as the idle 
wind.' Isaiah 41. 29: *■ Their molten images are wind 
and confusion.' 26. 18. and Eccles. 5. 16. 

'AyepelirofuUj to snatch up and carry off. — Allied to 

"Ayev, "AyiSf apart from, without. — R fwcw, 
hyijifUj to let go at large, let alone, Bp. Butler says : 
'Sin^ from Sino, I let alone. It signifies being [or 
doing] without a thing.* Indeed 'AviTjtJu is ^ to give 
up, omit, neglect', (Dnn.) (2) Hebr. A YN, without. 

*Ayi\lftos, a cousin, relation.— For ayA^j/ios, (E as 
vri/xEpT^Sj) from Av-rfirrw, h^-dil/o): One who is joined 
to or connected with another. A connexion. 'Av- is 
* back,' as Re in < Re-lative.' (2) R lirofiot, '4\\fOfjLai, 
'to belong to, attach to:' (Ldd.) 

"AyeaSj speechless. — Ajb Aecbs, Acths, so "Ay^ws for 
Ayaos from av-, not, f &», aiiu to call upon, Latin AIO, 

"Ayji^ completion; from the verb^Ai/w. 
'AyiivoOe, "Eir-ei^i'ode, Kar-d^ra^c, used in this 
way, ' The smell of the fat came forth ', * The blood 
flowed warm from the wound ', 'Such oil as comes forth 
on the Gods', ' The hair flowed down the shoulders.' — 
From iySdeOj iy-6d(0j to move, quiver, tremble: with 
oi'o-, ^ir-, or Kar-. (2) Buttm. simply from &va, 
through an obs. "f&yOw, as^Ayrofiai from 'Ami: To be 
upon. (3) R fBo9, 66a^ to be wont to do or to be. (4) 
R. f lft», obsol. from f l^w. t^^*'» **V^ to be. 

'Av^p, a man, a husband.— R. af'ct, up, as aHP, 
al^HF. ^6(we other animals: Above the wife. *Thy 
husband is thy head, thy soy'reign:' Shaksp. (2) 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



* From UvUf t« perfect "Avdpooiros is a man in general : 
op^ip the male sex, a full-grown man, a brave man, a 
term of respect: in perfection of sex, age, faculty and 
honor:' Ormst. 

*A3fdeptifV, the chin, ' the &vOos flower of manhood \ 
Dr. Jones. * Prima genas vestlbat FLORE juventa', 
Virg. Or from ay64w to flourish, ' used by Homer of 
the sprouting of the beard': Ldd. 

'Avdep^, supposed put for &04pi^, (as fmSddyWj) 

* from adiipt dBepos: the beard of an ear of corn, and 
the ear itself: ' Ldd. 

'AyOearripiuifV, an Attic month. Macrobius says that 
April is so called 'ab eo qubd eo tempore cuncta 
florescant': from itfBito, *Pas80w and others with 
better reason say November: from &y6o5, (rrepiotf as 
the month when flowers disappear:' Dnn. • 

"AydoSy a flower. — R. &tfa, &»dri», to perfect: The 
perfection of a plant. (2) Buttm. from huL: Mof 
thus being prim, the sprout or growing point or sum- 
mit. (3) Thiersch from *Atrfiuo6c. 

'AvOpa^, oKos, a coal : — carbuncle, the gem and the 
nicer, as this is from Garbo. — For &dpa^ (as &N0€/)({,) 
from d4pw, r^BapKa^ riBpwca, * to make hot, burn.' 
(Ldd.) Thus Carbo is 'a bummg coal ', (Forcell.) 
(a) R fkvrpov, Harrpo^y &i/0pa(, (see &y0panros): The 
produce of dug caverns. (3) Lenn. from 6,vBos : from 
the florid color of bummg coal. ' Virens in MixA 
flamma', Hor. 

'Av^p^JwK, ^Av$p^yrif the hornet. — Lennep from its 
frequenting liydri flowers. (2) For *AdpiiB«Vf *Albpi\VTi, 
(as dNQipi^,^ from a, 3fp», whence ^tpfibs, * hot, hasty*, 
(Ldd.) As irascible, ' waspish.' Ace. to Plautua's 
phrase * Irritare crabrones.- 

"AyOpdoiros, a man.— Soft for "Avrponros; R. dw- 
Tp^irctf, dvarirpoira: Turning his face upwards. Ovid: 
'Pronaque ciim spectent animalia cetera terram, Os 
hoinini sublime dedit, coelnmque tuSri JuHsit, et erectos 
ad sidera tollere vultus.' (2) R. dvaSpw wirl, to look 
up with the face. Plato says, *Avadpwv & ^oiirc. (3) 
Buttm. simply from itud, up. But? 

'Aym, * bane, kill-joy, sorrow, grief:' Ldd. — R. dvA, 
up: A state of 'suspense which' from 'suspendo', to 
hang np: and Gr. (Mprri<ns. *'E(as irjJre r^v ^vx^v 
ilfi&v AIP£i:S; Jo. X. 24. 'Care which hangs the 
mind in suspense*, Wilkinson's Pi-ayers, p. 177. 'Avfo 
as Ufpia. (2) Something kvAwrov^ incurable. (3) 
*Hebr. aniah, sadness:' Oger and Mi-t. 

'Aio'iSt^w, to side with 'Am^os, AnM3)al. 

*AvolyWf Of7w, toopen.— R. oi'A, ^ota, oX(rWf olKa, to 
carry up, sc. the latch, r, as ryA\T<a. 

'Ayovauit * some from Ay, ^^rrrofiai: Unnoticed like 
a bird. Some read iuf' onaua^ up to the oir^ hole in the 
roof, up the chimney. Some understand it as an eagle, 
&c.:'Ldd. 'Some read vay'Ovaia:* Dnn. (2)*Hebr. 
anophe:' Wr. 

"AvTO, *Aprl, "Avrriv, so as to face, opposite, before. 
— Allied to 'Avo, up. We say, To go UP to a poi-son. 

Dunbar from avk supposes tans, dvrhs the upper part of 
the body, the face : icar' &vra, iv iunL (2) Jamieson 
quotes the Goth, and Germ, dialects, anda^ cmde^ and, 
ante, ant^ ent, onL 

'AvTOios, opposite: and 

*Avrda>, *Avridu, "Ajrrofuu, to meet, go before, go 
up to, beg. — R. Ama, 

'Ami: See^AvTo. Also * in exchange for': one thing 
being set before or against another. 

'AvTiiepw, ~hs, over-against ; — straight on, directly ;— 
before, openly; — straight througli.— R. dtrrl, Ikw. As 
oyT^Xior. (2) R dvrl, Kdpaty Kpd, (3) 'Aj/ri, 
Kpodw: Striking against. 

*A»rio5, opposite. — R dvrl, 

'AvtAcw, to drain the &yT\os bilge-water from the 
hold of a ship; — drain out the cup of woe, endure grief. 

"AvtXos, 'the bilge-water in the sink of a ship's 
hold, the sink itself, the bottom of the hold, a ship's 
pump; a vessel for drawing water:' Dnn. — Clearly, 
like "O-rKoSy from r\du : with dvd. < What sustains a 
burden placed on it;' Lenn. 'Or, passively, what is borne 
or raised up :' Scheid. *Avr\4fa probably came first. 

"Avrpov, a cavern. — R. faVo-Tpw, ^dvrpSi, to per- 
forate: A natural perforation. 'A/*^i-Tp^Tos ahxiov. 
Soph. ■ 

"Asnvl, 'vyoSf * anything rounded or curved, as the 
rim of a round shield;— the rail or high rim of a 
chariot; — the chariot; — the frame [bridge, Dnn.] of a 
lyre; — orbit of the planets; — the breasts:' Ldd. — 
Soft for &^Tv|for dyu^irv}^, as *Afjupop^s for'A/i^i^pei^s : 
from T€Ti;|ai, Ten/{o, from tc^x** ^ frame. (2) From 
oyA, &c : A frame made on the ttj^^er part of a thing. 
"ApTvyts, * quae sellam curulem supeme ambiant :* 
Hemst. So Karou-Tvl. 

"AuWf upwards. — R dyd. 

"Ayta, 'Avvu, 'Ayim Att., *Ai^«, 'AioJtw Att., to 
complete, accomplish. — 'A kindred word with *Ayd:* 
Buttm. Le. to go through, per-ficio. 

'Avc^aioy, -y^epy, anything Hva above 7^0 ground, 

*Ayuytff, to command, order.— Mattfaise from hvdfftrm^ 
(explained KtK^xm by Hesych.) (bayoj as itp^eit, 
dp^y6s : dyCiyii, 

'A^yri, battle-axe. — As * Tarfjuvri. ' R probably 
dyvvfUy d^u, to break:' Dnn. *They break down the 
carved work with axes:* Psalms. (2) R a, f^iw, 
^iiposj ^4w, (3) * Sax. eax, Swed. yxe, Ethiop. hatzi 
an axe, Arab, hazza to cut :' Webst. 

"Alioy, worth so touch; from 0701, &^a), to weigh so 
much; — worth its price, reasonable, cheap; — worthy, 
deserving, proper, &c. (Compare Job 28. 16: 
* Neither shall silver be toeighed for the price tliereof.* 
Gen. 43. 21: * Our money in full weight.*) "Ayco is 
also to think, estimate, as Lat. duco: thence could be 
the sense' estimable, worthy,' &c. — Parkh. explains 
&yu to draw down the beam, Ormston to bring to mar- 
ket or to a standard. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



'A^irfof, to judge i^iov worthy;— or worthy to be 
done, deign to do;— worthy to obtain, so desire, beg, 
ask; — worthy of credit, so believe. (2) Webst com- 
pares our askf formerly pron. ox, Sax. axianf Germ. 
heUchen^ &c, 

"A^wi^, axle-tree, wheel, polar axis. "Aloves, wooden 
tablets of the laws, made to torn on an axis. — B. &ywj 
^w: which drives the wheel round, or round which it 
is driven : or simply as carrying the weight * Valido 
niteru sub pondere faginus oxu :' Virg. (2) *Sax. 
ow, Germ, achse, Dutch, as, Buss. o#;' Wbst. 

• 'Ao^etf, to wait, serve. "Ao^os, a servant, attendant. 
— The same as doircrew, as our glaSS, glaZier; EliSSa, 
EHZa. (2) Z€C0, fd^eM, (as 'OkcAAm,) do(iwi Com- 
pare Ai(i}<{5. To be ardent. 

*hottbs, a singer : k^ihw, 

'AoAX^y, collected, crowded, like *A\^j. — R. a, 
IaAw, ^AAo, ' to roll together ', (Dun.) Compare 

''Aopf "Aopf ^a sword, i.e. a hanger, from &tip<o, 
[&opa] :* Ldd. (2) B. f 2w, iffrpov^ to shine. ' Micat 
ensis', Virg. 

"Aopas in Od. 17. 222 is thought by some to be tri- 
pods, ^having ears by which they may be raised:' 
Schol., Horn., from iitlpu. But Ldd. thmks it only 
heterogen. for&opa: &o/> being neuter. 

'AopT^, the aorta, great artery. And the lower ex- 
tremities of the wind-pipe, from i^dpcOf &oprouj * as 
hanging into the lungs':' Dnn. As 

*Ao/>T^p, a belt to hang anything on. As above. 

'Aocrcrew, to help, aid. — B. a, 6(r(ra: To come 
readily to the sound of a sufferer, as Bot^-O^w. See 

'AvdSis in Find. Pyth. 1. 161. Heyne: * Pauw 
thinks that ^iras or ^ms meant ^irap, and conjectures 
'Avalias or 'Avisos, Bightly, only read awi^ots 
Doric^.' Ldd.: 'Some good MSS. give iKviBas which 
Bockh adopts.' 

*Airol, as 'Air^. So napal, 'Tiro/. 

'AiroAbr, tender, soft to the touch. — R Srr« or 
fSirw, Lat. apo and apio: mid. Eirrofjiai: Easy to the 

"Airo^, once, only once, once for all. — Pott from a for 
£/uK, firiyw, tird|w, traKrda: Close and joined together. 
We say, * A long pull, a strong pull, and a pull alto- 
gether.' So A(-a;u-ira|. Like A^, A^, Ilir^, 'Eirt- 
fil^. (2) From &-iras, as 'AirplH from vpiw, 

"Airos, for fijua-iras. 

* Avar day to mislead, beguile, •deceive.— Usually 
thought put for fdiro-iraTdft), to lead from the irdros, 
path. (2) B. &irrofxai, fairw, Lat. apo^ apio: To 
touch, touch gently, caress. See fAva<paM. 

'AIIATOTPIA, an Athenian festival. — Some from 
dirdTT?. Buds3us calls it ^fallaciarum solemnitas 
Athenis.' Some from a (fi/ta), variip: Where fathers 
met together to register their sens. Or where the dircU 
ropes were registered. But ? 

'AToupHw, to derive good or evil from, to take from. — 
R dfpw, iLp&, f avpcU as AaT» from fxda;, fAa^w. So 

f 'Airo^dw, *Axa/(l>l<rKWy the same as dtrardw : Te- 
dupl. of ixpdca, (as "AX-oAic*,) from -f&pa, Sxrofjtaij to 
touch, caress. 

*Av9i\4», to threaten, boast.— R carh, etX^toroll : 
i.e. roll the eyes about in a threatening or vaunting man- 
ner, (Compare BArirwfrom fBA^w). Virgil: ' Dicentem 
aversa tuetur, Hue illuc volvens oculos:' ^Flammea 
fa>r^i!<en« Lumina:' 'Ardentes oculos tfitor«t^ graviter 
fuudens.' So Jacto from Jacio: To throw oneself 
about.-— But 

'AirciActf, to hem in, crowd together. — B. ti\4o). See 

*Av4Ki(aVf they lost: from f^^X'^'i t*^l^i Ktxavw: 
and &irb denies: They failed of coming to. Brunck 
makes it ' depulenint ', i.e. they made to go off. 

'AtrcAAal, places of assembly: 'AireAAd^w, to meet in 
such. — Allied to the 2d *Air6iAcw: from flAA», lAo-». 
Comp. ooAA^f. 

''AreXos, ulcer: *from a, T4\o5f peUiSy [(p€\Khs\i 
Not yet skinned over:' Ldd. (2) From a, intens.: 
ireAbs, livid. 

*Aiti\viHy waggon, car.— B. fiirrw, f2ira*y Lat apo, 
apiOf like etpHNH» (rcAHNH : Fastened to mules. 
' Bind the chariot to the swift beast ', Micah 1. 13. 
The Schol. Pind. explains it &pfia 4^ vifuSvuiV (tvxB4v, 
Or the reverse, as *■ Tie the kine to the cart ', 1 Sam. 6. 
*Tir* a^nauf fiSas , . . (e{iyywrayf II. «. 782. — Even 
as well joined together, as &pfMTa K0?sXri$4vra, And 
see "Apfjio. 

'Atiji'^s, unbending, unyielding. — * R avh, itmt^s, 
mild:' Dnn. (2) Usually from i,irh, titfla, bridle: 
Breaking from the bridle, unbridled. Lat ef-frsenis. 

"Airwj, far away i.xh from. So 'Ami *Avrios, 
Tlepiffahs, "EvvhSf UpSfios, 

*AirtTTyr, perry. — From "AIIION a pear. 

*AT\aKuy» See 'AftvAaiccctf. 

"AirAcTos, immense. — B. firAew, im-pleOy re-pleOj 
com-pUo, vXiiBa : Not to be filled up. 

*Air\ots, *Air\Ttylst a single cloak, not worn double; 
from air\6o5f airKdrj, avKrj, 

'AirAcJoy, simple. — Blomf., Dnn., &c. from a, iroAcce, 
f irA<J«, to turn, allied to itA^kw to fold. Without a 
fold, as Simplicis is Sine-plic4. So AiirAoos, TpiirAoos, 
two-fold, three -fold. For the aspirate see on *A5€». 
(2) B. &fM, ir4\(»,'\ir\4to: What Is all together, plain, 
level, as *Afia\jis. 

'Awb, from.— Allied to "Atttw, fAir«, Lat apo^ 
apio, apto: Thus, He came from such a stock, It 
flowed from such a source, He came from such a place, 
mark clearly & joining on with. So Ot iirh rjjs crroaSy 
those belonging to the Porch, the Stoics. (2) * Hebr. 
ab, liret original:' Pkh. (3) * Engl, and Sax. of, 
Germ, ab, Sw. Dan. Dut af: ' Wbst 

*Airoip(rfi€ 11. <j>, 329, should force or hurry away. — 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



An active form of *Efipu: To make to go trader an 

evil omen, (a) From flfw, ipva, ip^u, tpca, to 
draw, drag. (3) From lp7o», to ^ceep apart, A<:ol. fat. 
cp<r» for ip^ta. (4) From fy^to, frw. To do awajr 

'Airoy, labor, tiredness. — An uncertain word in Eur. 
Ph. 865. Hesych. and Valck. read oTiroy, toil : Porsen 
Kttiros, for which however iiros might be written, as Ala 
for Tarn, EliSw for Ae(€w. Bat from altchs, high, could 
be oJros, just as Arduus, Arduous, laborious, from lip^THV, 
lifted up. And aliros might be Jiror, 3irof. 

'Airo^<(>AioSi explained by Hesych. vain, useless, by 
Eustath. untaught, ignorant. — Ldd. from 6^t\os, 
profit A, as O in *o60\hs a collat form of 6eE\6s, 
(2) But perh. from '\iLiro<pdu>, f atro^co, &w6<p7ifu, (in 
form M*Av€fju&\ioSy *AiraT^\toy:) Fainting, exhausted, 
weak, (as 'Airfnroi', 'Air«p6», *Aira70p6t^w,) then weak 
in mind. It is explained too 'monstrous', i.e. Mn- 
fandus,' * ne-fandus,' i.e. * not to be SPOKEN.' (3) 
Some even go to ^wAebs, a cave: 'Hidden, ineflfectual ' : 
and Dr. Jones, as the religious mysteries and lessons of 
philosophy were often taught in them. ? ? 

"Ainro, like "ASea, Tldinra, ''Air<^o, *Av<t>hs, a term of 
endearment. Common more or less to all nations ap- 
parently, natural sounds. 

'ATTirairol iraval irairou^, 'Iainrowrouo|, exclamations 
of admiration. These from the sound. 

'Airpl^, firmly. — R. a, wpi» to cut off. 

*AnTA or f*Ann, pnn.), preserved in Lat, APOj 
APIOj (Forcell.) to join, fasten. •Airro^ww, to join 
myself to, touch. — * Hebr. APP, to bind close:' Pkh. 

"'Airrw, to set fire to : i.e. to join to or touch with fire. 
Above. Thus &irrofjuu is to touch, and we say Touch- 
wood. *De ooelo tactas quercus', Virg. * Tacium de 
coelo Capitolium', Sueton. 'And touched Isaiah's hal- 
low'd lips with fire ': Pope, (a) * Hebr. APfff to heat 
through :' Pkh. 

'AiriJw, * for 'Hw^,' Dnn. 

"Apa, ^Ap, 'Pa, a particle joining or connecting sen- 
tences, i.e. then, therefore, hereupon, surely then, &c. 
And ^Af>a, whether then? this perh. for ^ ^pa. — B. 
apo), to join. 

'ApA, a prayer ; — prayer for evil, curse ; — evil im- 
precated. — R. ofp«, ip« : * Men should iwoy, lifting up 
holy hands', 1 Tim. 2. 8. ' When I lift up my hands', 
Psa. 28. 2. ' With lifting up their hands', Nehem. 8. 6. 
So Gen. 14. 12. Horace Od. 3. 28. 1. (2) R dfpw, to 
join i.e. words together, as Etp» and 'Epeov, and Sermo 
from Sero: (compare "Eirw ;) An address to heaven. 
So "EnoS €v^afi4voio II. ir. 236. In (Ed. C. 1656 iy 
ravT^ K6iy(pj ' e^em prece ' Brunck. (3) In the sense 
of curse, itpdofitu ftom a, fd(», to snarl at (4b) Hebr. 
arart he cursed. 

"Apafiosj rattlmg, clashing, gnashing of teeth. — Pott 
says : ' Hence prob. ipdaauj Bather, apa€os is allied 
to apdffffw. So Tc£pB05, ritfxBOX (2) * Roar of a 
cataract: Hebr. ARBH :' Dr. Jones. ' Arabee^' Wr. 

''ApoSof, rumbling of the stomach, beating of the 
pulse.—' A kin to ''Apaf o$ :' Ldd. So ic^AAA05. 

'Apaibf, thin, rare, porous, spongy, light, weak. — B. 
a, ^ai», to break : as Fragihs, Frail, ftom Frango. So 
Tcpijy, tender, from Tclpw, Tcpw. — Dnn. explains ^a/w, 
'to destroy hybrvising*: and Forcellini explains Per- 
tusus by Perforatus,well agreeing with the sense * porous.' 
(2) 'R. hploi, hanrio : Exhaustus': Greg. Sucked up^ 
drained, * spongy.' 

^Ap&arau, 'Peiircrw, 'P^tro-w, to strike, beat, knock, dash. 
— Allied to Pam to break, and f ^c(w whence "AfParos, 
(2) * Hebr. aretz, to agitate :* Wr. 

^ApdxvVi 'VS, a spider. — ' R 4fpw, dx^V ' That pre- 
pares and adjusts the fine down of its web :' Lenn. 
Justified by the derivative '*ApdxvioVy ' a downy sub- 
stance like spiders' webs on grapes and olives*. (Dnn.) 

(2) Hebr. arag, it weaved. 'Weaving spiders', Shaksp. 
''APBHA02, a shoemaker's knife.— Q. ? (Only in 

Nicand. Ther. 423.) 

^Ap€{t\rij a strong half-boot : written also *Apfi6\ri, 
(See on 'Afiop§<{s,) thus justifying Liddell's belief that 
it is akin to &p», apfi6(to, as fitted to the foot, or ex- 
quisitely made. So 'Apr^p is a kind of shoe. Euripides 
has : dpi<i\ri<ny 'APMO:gA2 trdSa. 

'Ap7a\eos, troublesome, painful. — For depydXeoi ; R 
a, ipyov : Causing much trouble. 

'Ap7€Ao^ot, ' prop, the feet of sheepskins, and these 
are [opyol] useless': Schol. Aristoph. 'I.e. K6^i dp- 
yo\y tops or ends which are useless :' Dr. Jon^. 

"Apye/MSj white speck on the eye. — R. apy6s. 

'Ap7€<rTT7s, the S. wind, 'clearing, brightening, as 
Horace's Notus albns, detergens nubila ccelo :' Ldd.— 
As above. 

*Apryrjs, some serpent, ' from its rapid movements, or 
white color:' Dnn. — R. dpyds. 

"ApyiWoSf white clay. — From 

^ApybSf white. — As Mdu, Mapyhs, and ^Adw, Largus, 
so f&», (to shine, whence 'Atrr^p, "Axrrpov^ Awy^,) 
dpyds, (2) See the Next. 

'Ap7^s, ' swift, swift-footed : for all swift motion 
causes a glancing, flashing or flickering :' Ldd., thus 
making 'white ' the first sense. But *Apyhi may mean 
quick, rapid, flashing, from a much, Mpyovi compare 
Mico'to ' move fast, brandish ' and to ' shine.' — Above. 

'Ap76y, idle, useless : &-€pyos. 

"ApyvpoSy silver. — R dpyhsj white. 

"ApSa, dirt, filth. — ' R ipSa> :' Dnn. Just as For- 
cellini defines Lutum 'terra humore soluta, k Avar 
solve :' Moistened earth. 

"ApHriVj so as to be lifted up, from a^pw, dprou : — 'al- 
together, entirely, i.e. by one lift, or from top to bottom. 
So jSciAHN, OToAHN. 

"Aphsj point of a dart, as fitted to the wood, from 
dpWf dprcu. So A in "Aptriv and in 

"ApSw, to water, refresh. — R dpao, Aprat, paro, re- 
paro, to repair, recruit As fi4\Aw. (2) Allied to^AASw. 

(3) As 'ApSci^ 18 found, some say dpi Seiiw. ? ? 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



'Af)€ W, braver, then better, as Yirtns, Virtue, is from 
Vir, prop, manliness. — From "Apuis, "Aptos^ Mars, (a) 
B. &pWf to suit : More suitable. 

^ApdaKM, to please, appease, &c. — R iJp«, (as T/€<ric€, 
KiffKOfuu, Lat areSCO) : To suit m/self to. So "Hpa- 
ptv is ' pleased,' Od. $. 776. 

'Aprr({», to confer distinction, advantage or success. 
And 'Apcrj} is ' distinction of birth, rank or fortune,' 
(Dnn.) So Brunck renders 'Apcr^ decua in Soph. PhiL 
1420. See the Next. 

'ApcT^), superiority, distinction, chiefly in "A/nj j, "A- 
p€05 battle, and so valor, virtue (which finom Vir). 
But perh. from &pu : The JUneu of anything for its 
end or object. So 'Apcr^ is said of the goodness of 

'Ap^Tw, to help, ward oflf ill from. — R Upca, as T/xHrn : 
To suit oneself to another's wants. 

*Aprifi4voSy worn down, exhausted, hurt— R a, ^ta, 
to break, f^^, whence '"A^^aros. — Or blasted, from 
&f>&, a cnr^ : ^dprifju, 

*Ap)iVf ipdvoSf iipvhsy a ram ; ^ from HffriVj a male : ' 
Dnn.— Also, a lamb, in both genders : Eustath. from 
iip^j a prayer: as in making vows and prayers [or 
curses] lambs were sacrificed. Homer : Gtaert ''APN' 
h'€pov XwKhVf ^r4pri» Hh lUXmvaar, 

"Apris, 90S, Mars. — R ^, to jom Le^ in battle. 
Mdxn^ avv-dirr€Uf, Xen. Con-seruisse manus, Ov. — 
^"ApriSj 'ApcT^, "Apo;, seem kindred words :' Dnn. (2) 
Goth. auTj a weapon. 

^Apririipj a priest : * for they conveyed the itpks pray- 
ers of the people to the gods :' Ldd. 

^ApOfibs, bond, friendship : and 

"ApBpov, a joint, limb. — R flffw, dpBriv^ to join. 

'Apt — , very. — * Prob. from hpuov, better:' Dnn. 
Or for dpiara. (2) R dpw, to join one thing to another, 
and so increase. Compare 'Epi — . (3) R. e^posy &p», 
to raise : Conspicuously, eminently. 

^Apl(ri\oSf * Epic form of iipihi\os\ Ldd. The con- 
verse would be however clearer, as Z b A:S. (2) Some 
explain it *Apt-(i}\uTos. 

'Apidfihsy number. — ' R &p«tf, to join. A number is a 
multitude composed of units :' Pkh. ^ApBphs is com- 
pared by Dnn.: but there was prob. a word 'Apffw. 

'Aply, a carpenter's tool. — R. Sp», msirfto. Horace 
has IrutrumerUa artis, for tools. So "Apyavov, 

^Apurrtphsj tlie left, inauspicious. — As, to propitiate 
the Gods, the Greeks called the Furies Eif-iifj/iBes, 
(Latin Parcse from Parco,) and the left Ev-^w/xos, so 
'ApfflTTfpos 'from Apitrros. We find *E\axurr6T€poSf 
*Ap€i6r€poSy &c. (2) R &p^, a curse. 

'AptflTToi', breakfast.— R 2p« for ^pt, at an early hour: 
The first meal in the morning. ' Prim, the meal taken 
gen. at sun-rise : aft. the noontide meal :' Dnn. '£v- 
t6vovt* hpiffrov *AM' 'HOI. So Prandium from vp6» 
or vpcodM. 

"ApioToy, superl. of ^Aptiwv, 

*Ap«6«, to be of use, aid, ward off ill : — to have suit- 

able supplies, to be satisfied.— R&pcv, dpKo, to suit: 
like 'Apifyw. (2) Some compare f AAicew, 'AA(£Xk». 

"ApKioSf sufficient. — Above. 

'Apicrc^0, ' to consecrate virgins to Diana, in aton&. 
ment for having killed dpmov a bear sacred to her :' 

''ApKTo*,"'Apicoy, a bear.—* For dpjcer^j, self-suflScient, 
as living so long without external nourishment. It will 
lie a whole year without eating and drinking :' Pkh. — 
' From hpKitt : it is specially devoted to the defence of 
its young. See 2 Sam. 17. 8:' Damm. So Prov. 17. 
12. (2) For api'KOTos, rancorous, malicious. (3) 
Welsh arihj Irish art. But the K shows the Greek 

"ApKvSf a hunter's net. — Eustath. as catching ApKovs 
bears. (2) Allied to fyxos, an inclosure. Or to &pw, 
dpKa (as 'ApKc'o)): As well joined and knitted together. 

"ApfiOf a chariot.— R &p«, &pfuuj (Compare aspir. in 
*Apfi6(u^): Well joined together, as Homer's apfiaa-i 
KoWrrraiuri, Or as joined on to horses : compare 

"Apjua, as 'Ap0juby, union. 

"Ap/ua, ' a tribute, lit what is taken up :* Dnn. From 
oSpctf, dpficu. So "Apais is a levy of taxes. 

'Ap/Mi^i^ food, provisions. — R &p»y ipfuu : As pre- 
pared, provided : * provibion.' Compare aspir. in *ApfjL6Cu. 

'ApildrtioSf said of a martial strain, sung from 2p- 
fmra war chariots. ' Eurip. uses it of a plaintive ode, 
.but Plut. of an animating war-song :' Dnn. 

"Apfifva, tackle, rigging : any tools or implements. 
— R &peo, instruo : Instruments of any kind. Or as 
Pliny : ' Aptahimm vela et disponemus rudentes.' 

'Apfi^, -Si, a joining ; 'Apfu(5tos, suiting ; *Apfi6(u, to 
suit ; 'ApjuoWa, harmony.- All from &p» or f^^, to join. 

'Apfiot and "Aprt, just now,jast before :— -now, even 
now, forthwith. Dative of 'Ap/i^5, above, like oXkOI, 
It means the past and the future just joined on to the 
present *Apfioi is also ^ exactly as, suitably to ;' ''Apoi 
being * to suit' 

*Apvtihs 5t;, a male sheep, ram. — R. Hfi^Pf tfptvos, 
(dpvos). — Also * pertaining to lambs': R Apj^v, g. 

*Apy4ofMif to disavow, reject, deny, refuse.— R. dXpw, 
&pa>, to take away, i.e. put away in disdain, ' scout the 
idea': as ticw, ikNEOMAI. Compare fuaS- AFliEa, 
(2) Pott from a, not ; ptu, to say. ? 

*ApP€{Wf to plunge headlong, dive. — ^ Prob. from the 
butting of young rams : from op^v, (ipi'<Js,):' Dnn. 

*Apifhs, gen. of *Ap^v ; for ipivos, 

"ApyvficUf to earn, acquire.— R aXpo), apa), as f^A^w, 
"Aywfiai, (2) Our earn. 

"Apos, use, profit — As above : To take up, employ. 
Or aXpofMij to carry off, gain, as &po(TO IL 10. 307. 
(2) R &pu : Suitableness. 

"Aporpov, a plough : and 

"Apovpa, ploughed land : from 

•Ap<J«, to plough. — R dpn : to prepare, adapt the 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



land for ctiltiration. Compare ipClfuL (2) Allied to 
iipiu, to draw up i.e. the earth. (3) Or to &pdff4ruj 
to break i.e. the soil. (4b) Oar verb ear in Isai. 30. 24, 
(whence earth,} Goth, artan. Sax, erian. Martin 
* from f ^ the earth in tlpA(fj or Ghald. aro, the earth.* 
*A(yird(uj to'seize. — From oXpuj &/>£,to take np, aip4w : 
n, as in fuekTla^ tlKvalldofuUf vipTlfi. Compare the 
shorter wcffd ^Apwrj. (a) * Hebr. harepk^ to strip : ' Wr. 
'Afnrourrhvy * the game catchbali : prop, to be taken 
or caught :' Ldd.— Abote. 

'ApircS^s, level with the ground. -—B. d/}<— or ipu, 

'Apv^6vfiy * rope for snaring game ; twist or thread 
for cloth: bow^striog :' Ldd.^- Allied to *'Af^i 'A^ 
in/to, *Pipv6.(to, 

'ApTtCoL, fbnnd only in Nicander, and varioosly ex- 
plained. The ibot of a moontain, so thought to be for 6p6- 
TTcfo, R 6po5j v4(a: (A, as 'Oarwchs and 'AoroK^r, 'O^- 
^i» and 'k^pMot^) thom-hedge, so thought allied to 
*A/yin7 and 'AprdCu to seize, tear: — a loose flint low wall. 
*Apin7, a falcon ; a sickle ; allied, like "ApwwcUy to 
*Apird(<». Also an excessive flow of bile, i.e. selling the 
body violently. 

*Apw\sj a shoe, ^allied to *Ap6v?ds\ says LiddelL 
But the Etym. M. for ^airli from fdmu to sew. Vice 
versa is RApio from f APiro«, 'APrdffw, 
"ApmfuUf harpies. As*Apin^ 
*AP*PABnN, arrhaho, earnest-money. — ^ A Hebrew 
word in Greek letters': Pkh. 
"A^^aros. Bee 'Paieo. 
"Pl^v : in "Aptniy* 

'A^^v^s, ferocious. — 'B. a, ^p, a lamb: Unlike 
the lamb :' Reiske. 

*A/S^^po5, a virgin who bore the vessels in Mmerva's 
festival.— ^ For k^ro-^6pos. As Ido-Utiy for Idob- 
latry. In-fanda forens. 
"Af^iXos i in "AfHTixos, So "Apemiv, *A^v, 
f*Aps, supposed nomin. of hpvhs, which however is 
better for iipevos. 

*Af^4», Ion. for *0^94af. 
'ApffepiRhp, araenic— R Kpffi}y, cv, used for vehement, 
violent, Philoct. 1455. So dp9ptioT4pois dripdrpois 
£lian 1. 1. 

"ApfniPy mas, maris. — ' Ab Ap^w, (rw : Quia fosmineos 
locos rigat et foecundat :' Damm. Yd ab dp6t0, dp^v. 
Communia sunt Apovis iralBvv, &o. CEd. T. 1497 : r^y 
r^Kovaruy "HPOSEN. 
'Apaios, fitting, agreeing.—- R &pw^ ttpffu, 
*'Ap<nxos, a wicker basket. — R ipUj ipan^ to join 

'APTABH, a P&nitm measure. 
^AfnofUto, < to cut in pieces, cut up : "AprofioSf a 
butcher, cook, — a murderer :* Ldd. — R Apttj &praiy to 
prepare se. for the table ; ^Aprofios hke''Opxafu». (2) 
B. ipToSf rdfu/ot: A bread-cutter, ^Aprordfios, (3) 
For dpri^ofUwj as *A/ii^opc6s for *A/Lc^i^op(i&s. To cut 
into Vm equal seotiom. 

'ApT&mi, cord, rope, by which anything is hung up, 

^AprdoOf to fasten to, hang up.-— R ipw^ Apraiy to 
join to. (2) R aXpWj &prau, to raise up. 

'A^cA^^s, sound, safe, wdl.«- -R Ikpu^ &preu: Well 
airanged or disposed, perfect, entire. 

"Aprtfus^ Diana.-— As making women itprefuif sound 
and whole at child-birth : Hor. 0. S. Id, 1 4. 'As being 
in ever-blooming health and beauty :' Schneid. 

^AprdfiotPj 'the top-gaUant sail;— a pulley: from 
dprdu :' Dnn. 

"Afrnifta, an ear-ring, i.e. hanging ornament : dprd^. 

*Apriipf a felt-shoe. — As well-packed; Aptty Aprau 
"ApaoPf says Homer, Pack up everything in the vessels. 

*ApTi, 'Aprlots : in 'Ap/iol 

*ApTid(aj to play at {&pTux) even and odd. So ihe 
word Equinox includes Day as well as Night 

"ApTios, ready, perfect, sound, as 'Aprefi-fis, Also, 
even: i.e. having one part suited to another: &p(0, 

"Apros, brsad.— R Hfw, &pru, to provide : Provision: 
' For so He provideth for the earth.* Or, to prepare : 
Prepared flour. Or, Suited for man's sustenance. Or, 
as Homer : "Hpape he refreshed his spirits with food. 
See *Apfia\uL 

*ApTVPVy to arrange, manage : 'Afrrvr^p, a Director. 
— R dpotj &prtu. 

'Apriwj to season meat : i.e. to prepare with spices : 

'Ap^oXAof, '€a\oSf ' fnmi dp6» : a pot for drawing 
water ; — a bag which drew close :' Ldd. Perh. for *Af>^- 

^Apimtpy vessel for taking up liquids : from 

*A/>^, *Ap{>T»j to draw up, to draw off. — Allied 
to *Ep{fOf : "Apm being prim, to draw. Or from oip<a, 
dp&f to raise. 

*ApxcM>Sj original, ancient, going to the dpx^. 

'Apx^'ioPf senate-house for the dpxai magistrates. 

*Apx^, beginning; — magistracy. "Apx", to begin, 
— begin before others, take the lead, hold the first rank, 
rule. — R ip»j ApKOf to prepare, make ready, set about. 
Horace : ' Jam nox inducers terns Umbras . . . parabaij 
was preparing, was beginning. X, as Ww, p4\Xu : ore* 
poXm. (2) ' Hebr. aracK, he disposed :* Pkh. 

"APn, f'EPn, •'OPn, prim, to draw (as 'Ap^«, 'Ep^w,) 
— then draw together, join, fit, fasten, arrange, adjust, 
prepare, get ready. Hence AJjbw, *Atip»^ &c.— A Pri- 

'Aporybj, helper.— R ipiry«, as ^^7^*. 

*'Apufuij spioe or herb for seasoning. — i'As*'A^t^a, 
prob. from apa :' Dnn. A preparation, properly. See 
'ApT^fli. As to ft, compare dpO«. (2) R Apiy 6(60, to 
smell, c5<rfMu, Aftm^ as the 2 in <rw^r4os from ^i6{b* 
disappears in awrfip. 

^Atrcu, for Kasroi. See in "Aaros, 

*A(ra\atupiotj not ikiUed in naval affairs as the people 
of Salamis. 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 



*Airdfuy9oSj ' a basin, baihing-tab. — R &ru, fuvMw : 
or &<rts alone :' Dnn. The latter, much as in Aa€6piy$oi. 

'Affidhriy "AtrSoKoSf soot, lunp-black. — B. a, enphon., 
<rS4Wf ff€6\0Sf as B$^, BB6\o5. Soot from extinguished 
fires. (2) B. &o-xs, /3oA^ : A refuse of mire and dirt. 
See the last. (3) R a, much, and /SoA^ : with 2, as d- 
"^tpdpceyoSf d^X^-^^i SoSirX^s : Bejiculum, Befuse. 

'Atrapop, a floor of mosaic work, not swept with a 
broom, but rubbed with a sponge. — R a, ffap6w. 

'Ao-cAt^j, wanton, lewd.— For 'AcAXt^s, as nj/uEp- 
•His : from a, intens., o-oAayfwrsiSiWctf. (2) Formerly 
derived from a, and ScXtt^ in Asia Minor, whose inhabi- 
tants are called bj Strabo and Libanius temperate and 

"Aeny, surfeit. — R So-cm, to glut, in Homer. See 
"Aaros and 'ASiu. 

'*A<r$fM, a panting. — B. f&»,f&<r9i7v, whence A(^, 

''Ao'tAAa, a frame or yoke over the shoulders to carry 
things with. — ^R a, ftr^AAo;, (see S/AAos,) the same as 
IAAa;, to twist about : keeping steady, like 'Atrrpdgri. 

"AariSy mud, slime. — 'Such as a swollen river brings 
with it, prob. from hrou to satiate. I.e., glut, superfluity :' 
Ldd. (2) R &C», ^», to dry, as "A^a : Mud dried 
by the sun. 

'A<ric<£yr7}s, a small bad couch.-— 'R a, aKdQu^ like 
Lat. tcandoj to limp : Higher on one side than the 
other :* Lenn. (2) Our word askcamt, 

'AffKoplSf an intestinal worm, always springing up 
and down : a, a-KalpUj (TKopu. 

^AffKtB^Sf 'AffKTjB^Sj unharmed, unscathed. — Dnn. 
from d<TK4w: * Taken care of, hence preserved.' (2) 
Allied to ZSfceirai, 2/c7}i^, &c.: Much protected: with 
A prefix. (3) Allied to our xin-8cathecL 

AffKipa, a shoe lined with fur. — R Ao-k^, to elabo- 
rate, as ^o^PA : and perhaps allied to 'Acriced^s. See 
Dnn. abov?. (2) B. a ; f^^'f ««» <r«^«, to protect. 

'AffKdeOj ' to attend carefully to, take pains with, work 
skilfully, exercise, practice. Akin to SiccOos, Skcvw, [or 
:S«6va;,] =: 2KevdQu, Hesych. :' Dnn. And 2K€vd(of is to 
prepare, construct, fit out. With a prefix. (2) For ]dK- 
<rc», f oi^w. E€» and ^iw are to polish, carve. Homer : 
'Edi'bi' fl^uffiv da-K-fiffaaa, (3) Some compare ^Kcdphs, 
exact. (4b) ' Chald. asaq, exerceri :' Mrt 

*AffKhSf a bag, sack, wine-skin. — Allied to Skcuos, a 
vase, vessel, &c. and from f (rir€», ffKivw, to cover, pro- 
tect With o prefix. (2) Mrt from a, <rx^«, <rx«, to 
hold, as Ion. 5cKo/xat. 

''Afffutf a song.— R fSw, fcr/uai, delBu. 

"Afffieyosy pleased. — *From f|5o/uai, ritrfiipos ;* Dnn. 
f I'ASw, toSeo;, MdufWj &c. 

*A<nrd(oiMUy to embrace, salute. — ^R a for S^, airdui 
To draw close to oneself. ' Adduxit colla lacertis*, Ov. 

*A<nralpWj the same as 2ircupu. 

'AtnrciAal, a mole, — R o, ffirdw : As drawing up the 
earth. ^ Fodere cabilia talpee:' Yirg, Compare Ya- 


'AffirdKidnj a fisherman.— From^'AXlIAAO:!, a fish,' 
or kind of fish. — Some from a, irwdM, to draw (out of 
the water). 

"AtmroSf unspeakable, unspeakably great— B. a, 
Irtf, l<nr», fcrrcw, to speak. So^Ao-xcros from lx^> 

'AcnrtS^s, ' round like 'Ainrli, .(80s, a shield : or, 
better, from a, owiS^s :' Dnn« 

*Aovls, a round or oval shield. — Some from iaraU, 
&t^iSy the circumference of anything. (2) As I2tw, 
tiSx^T ^^^XVi for dirls from f &irw, &irra) : Well joined 
and linked. (3) Hebr. ASPy to gather together. 

'Amlsj an asp. — ' Perh. from rolling itself up in a 
spiral form like a shield :' Ewmg. And so the Encycl. 

*A<r(r«,*ATTo, for Sripoj ^Stpo, then flrro, as pluMBer 
we pronounce pluMMer. — But MatthisB from &, and 0-^, 
tA, Doric for ri and rtua. 

*A(r(rdpioPy a diminutive of the Boman a«, omw, from 
Greek cIs one, and like our Ace, 

''Affcovy neaoer. — B. iryxh »«"" » t^7X<''<''®»'> •s "Bpd- 
Xlov, Bpcurffop ; rXifx*®"* Tlwraou. 

*AaraKhsy 'Oa-Touchs, a kind of crab. — ^ B. lariov^ a 
bone :' Dnn. 

*AXrANAH2, a Pernon courier. 

'AoTcTof, urbane, courteous. — B. tcrrv, nrbs. 

*A(rT€/x^^s, AareyM^s, finn.— See ^riiupxtXov and 

*A<rr€f)oir^, lightning.— B. &(rr^p, fttrrefMs : Glitter- 
ing like a star. So ir6pTlli, (2) * Poet for *A(rrpairfi :' 
Dnn. (3) R a, arrepUf h^, Ms^ or &^, anr<$s, as Of- 
yoifr : Depriving of the sight 

"Aarrivos, the same as A{Kmivos. 

'Aariipf "Atrrpop, a star. — R t^> 'f&ffrcu, whence 
Aiieo to kindle, Abyii splendor, A2i9a» to bum. 

*A<rrpdjSriy pack-saddle, pack-horse.— R a, <rrp4^^ 
HarpaSop whence arpa€6s: Not turning over. So &- 
ffTpaSijs, immoveable. 

'A(rTp<i7aAos, knuckle, ankle, a vertebra of the neck ; 
— pastern-bone ; — game with them ; — part of tJie 
Ionian volute in buildings. — Allied to Srpoyyc^, to 
turn, 2rpoYyv\os, round : with a. 

'Aarrpdm-Wj to lighten; to shine: — *A<rrpaw^, a 
shining. — Allied to 'A<rr€poirfi : from iurripos, "foarep- 
dirr<a. (2) *R a, orpi^y l^ffrpairrcUy %<rrpaupovi 
from the tortuous appearance of lightning :' Schneid. 

"AffrpiSy "Airrptxos, * same as *AffrpiyaXo5 *: Dnn., 
and prob. corruptions of it 

"Afl-Tw, (kffTfos, a city. — R o, ^ardu or forew, ar&, 
XarrifUy to be established : * Gonstituta respublica*, Cic. 
So a State or political body is from Sto, Statum. So 
Martin compares Germ. 8tadL Compare 'Oariop, (2) 
An Egyptian word, says Diodorus. 

'Atrv^s, filthy, impure. — -R a, intens., and <rvp» : 
allied to 2^pfJMy 2v/)^erbs, refuse. 

'A(r(}^i)Aos, vile, ^ senseless \ (Dnn.) dishonored ; dis- 
honoring, (act) reviling. — Daomi well for ao'(^»i]Aos, as 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



(fr/Tpif, Ih^fia, varonTHaplCu : firom a, crotphi, as Ara- 
tHAOX This agrees with 'senseless' above. Then 
vile; and making vile, reviling. (2) *Arab. (uepel:' 

"Aitr^ciKroSf mineral pitch : a, cr^dAAw, l(r^a^Tal, as 
'Aa-ipaXiiSj firm : A firm cement 

'Aartpipayos, throat, gullet— Allied to *dfwy^, (Ldd.) 
So BcdvKiis and 

*A(rxa\(£w, *A(rx^A», to be grieved or vexed.— For 
axdWu (as in aX<pdpayos,') from &x<") P^* 

"Acrairos, utterlj profligate. — B. a, o'd^^w, as Sarr^p: 
Not to be saved. 

'ArdKKUf 'ArirdWw, (somewhat as Miywy "fMifUyu, 
Mifivotfj) to bring up the droXods young : — plaj as 
a child, like llcd(» from Uotts, 

*ATaA^5, of tender age, delicate. — B. a, raXdw : Un- 

'Atop, but, yet, however, nevertheless. — For Aindp, 
(a) * Hebr. atery to obstruct :* Wr. 

'ArdpfAVKTos, fearless. — For StrdpSvicros (as r€p4- 
MipOoSy r€p4Bty$05y Bup/Ai}( and M^pfM}|,) from rdp€oSf 
fear. (2) R. re^pw, rirapfuUy allieid to Tap(£a'(r». 

'ATapTi7p&y, supposed put for 'Anipbsj injurious, as 
'EviTojipoBos for 'Exi^PoBos, A in &ti; is long, but short 
in areuv IL 20. 332. — But much better from a, rtipm, 
riraprcUj to torment, harass. Thus hraprfipois ivUvffi 
II. a, 223, ' cksperis verbis', (Clarke). See the last part 
of ^ArdpfWKTos, 

*Ard<r$a\oSy * blindly foolish, madly violent : from &- 
rda, [iiTdffdriVj'] Mw:* Ldd. See ariatp in 'Arop- 

"Are, as, since, as if: from Sort, for 8i' St€, ica^ 

*Ar4fi€eOf* to lead into mischief, distract, distress, tor- 
ment, deceive;— to bereave, deprive. *AT4fi€ofuu, to 
rebuke, reproach. — Damm from Ani, ifiSi€d(w; but 
prob. only hrri :' Dnn. See the last part of "Ari;. (2) 
R cnro-r4fjLPeOf arore/Mo, to cut off, deprive : (B as 
J&A/B«, Tp/Bcp,) though 'to Distress' (above) might 
lead to this sense. And * Reproach ' may be, ' to tor- 
ment with words, distract or confound.' 

*Arfvi(af, to look at &r€V^$ attentively : K a intens., 
rciVa;, revw, tendoy attendoj intmdo : To be intent on. 

"Arep, "Areptfe, apart from, without — "ArepSe short 
for Udrepet, apart from, as Tpciirffo for Trrpairffa, 
Lactis from TdAoicros, Uncle from Avunculus. (2) 
* Hebr. ater, to obstruct :' Wr. 

'ArfpdfAav, 'ArepufwoSf not tender, hard.— Allied to 
T^piji', tender : with o. 

"ArtpoSy the other, 6 ertpos. Strangely formed like 
^ArepoVy which see. 

*Ar4w, to be fool-hardy, i.e. under delusion, from Urn. 
See the next. 

, "Arty, hurt, mischief; — mental injury, in&tuation, 
delusion, sent as a punishment or a misfortune. — 'R. 
&dw :' Don. I.e. from pf. pass. Hdraty drat. See on 
'AdffKv, In firitf, & is rather from f ft» simply. 

"ArXaSy * who carries burdens, a porter, — the upper 
vertebra of the neck, — the statue of a man serving as a 
pillar :' Dnn. — R a, intens., r\ks sustaining. 

'Arft^v, aTfi4voSy a slave. — Bos for iL7i(6ftepos or drc^ 
Ttfi4yoSy dishonored. (2) Schneid. for d6fi4vos from 
o, BafiMy 8/My, domo, whence 9fu&s. ' The grammarians 
have also dApJiP :' Ldd. See iVpos. 

'Arfjihs, vapor.— ^*R &fa, S»:' Dnn. l.e.'\litt,'\&- 
rcu, dd(u : A breathing out Compare *Ai)r/i^. Indeed 
'Atju^s may be shortened and altered from 'ADr^i^. 
(2) Hebr. A TMy was obscured : Wr. says ' to be burnt 

" At poKTos, a spindle, distaff, — arrow. — R o, rp4xoOf 
f rc^paicreu (prop.) or f TeTpourrat : As running round : 
'Ct«m*^ fusi': Catull. (2) "R. rapda-ffw^TtTdpcucrcUj 
(rcTpoicTou,) to agitate. 

'Arpair^s, a path. — R. a, rpcirv, (rpcarop : 'A straight 
path, without turnings:' Steph. We say, It's a long 
path that has no turning. Dnn. takes a otherwise: 
* On which persons go and come.' (2) R Tponrew, to 
tread grapes, — suppose then to tread generally. * Cal- 
canda via :' Ho -. 

'Arpeic^y, exact, strict, upright, accurate. — R o^ ro~ 
p€«, rp4cOj fr^pfica, to pierce, whence Topby, explicit, 
accurate ; allied to Tpoa^s, distinct (2) R a, and 
Tp€«, to fear: Fearless, upright, &c. (3) Allied to 
our tricky Dutch ireck : a negative. 

•'Atto, a natural term of respect, like "Ainro, Tctra, 
Tdrra, T^tto. 

*Atto\ottotA, 'ArrairoTTaTi, 'ATToral, 'Arrarcu^, 
'laTTOToiy certain exclamations from fancied sounds. 

"ATTOPiTnSy a cake.— R JhravoVy a frying-pan, and 
this from &rr», to make to jump. So 

*ATrdpayoSy -x*^** » crumb of over-baked bread, 
ready to jump up, as above. * Saliente micft,' Hor. So 

*Arr4\aMoSy a locust without wings, but with springy 
legs. — R &TT«, as above. 

'A-micif". to live or side with the people of Attica, 

"^TTw, "Attw, to rush, spring : dtctrao, dtrrw. 

'ArtJfa, to strike with terror, bewilder. — *R drdu* : 
Dnn. See "Arriy and arew there. (2) R a, f ti5», ti- 
riMTKOfJUMy riirruy to strike. As IXA^o-o'w is used. 

Ai, again, back again, back, in turn : expressing re- 
petition and reciprocation. ' Seemingly from &», to 
breathe. It means the act consequent on breathing, i.e. 
throwing back the breath :' Dr. Jones. The poet Sewell 
has * the quick reciprocating breath.' Compare 'Act. 

Abalwy the same as Aika, 

Abyaipwj to view and to shine in an atryii clear 

A&7^, splendor. — R oi?«, to kindle a flame. (2) 
For t^T^, (as our moUntain,) from &yuy AyvvfUy from 
the refractions of the sun, like 'AktIp. 

Au5^, voice. — R oCw, to call upon, whence 'Ad», 


Ah94pnis, Avro4pr7iSy one who kills with his own 
hand ; and who kills persons of his own family. «- R 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



adr^s, and f erw for 4>4iw, (aa Ala for Toia,) to kill : 
whence some derive *Evaipct, (2) Aa XoAicein^s ia 
armed with llvrca weapons, so Aidemis armed against 
himself. (3) As i^A^p^^ for avOAvrns from ivw, 
«{i^^, to despatch: Despatching himaelf or his own 

AvdivrriSf one who aeta from his own anthoritj.-— 
' R uvrhs, etr, ivrSs :' Dnu. * Qni seipsnm mitUt ad 
nefrotia :* Mrt. (2) For AhddprriSy as at the end of 
Aie^vnis above : Himself despatching. 

AdOif there : for Awrrffli, in that very spot 

AdOif AUis, again, back, ad: ta'^AXXoBi, Gomp. 
WoXXducl, toXXokIX 

AhKaia, hanging, curtain, aa fitted for o^Aoi balls of 
the great 

A^Aol, AvAil)^, a furrow. — R. ovA^s, a pipe. (2) 
Allied to ''AA.of 

AvA^, a porch, hall, or open wtj court before a dwel- 
ling ; — also a dwelling, oountryhouse, palace. — ^ R. &», 
&n/U| to blow :* Dnn. Where the wind blows. (2) 

* Hebr. del, a tent :' Wr. 

Ah\i(ofiai, to stable, sleep, encamp in an 
AlXii, a dwelling, station, tent, resting-place.— »'& 
ovX^ :' Dnn. ' A stable, but in the open air, and ao ex- 
posed to the winds', Valck. i.e. from f&», d^. (2) 
Allied to 'Icu^of, to sleep. So "Aeo-a is I slept 

AuAbs, a pipe to blow upon ; a pipe, tube, trench, 
reed, vein, &c. — R t^> "^•*> ^o ^lo^> «« AiA^. (2) 

* Hebr. Aw/, a pipe :* Wr. 

AvK^v, like AlXaJ^ and AvA(Jt. 

Ai^{», .(£i/» : See 'A^^oi. 

A2^s, AuoA^f , dry."— B. ai^w. 

Ai^pa, fresh air, breeze. ' The air of morning, or 
that coming from water :' Dnn.^- R f&w, to breathe, as 

Afyioy, to-morrow. — R aUpa^ the air of morning; 
whence "Ayx-avpos is near the dawn of morning ; and 
hence AHpioy is the morrow, as in Shakspeare: 'By 
the second hour in the morning Desire the Earl to see 
me.' Indeed Todd says that Morrow seems to have 
originally meant Morning. Compare "EvAos. (2) R 
aZpotfj gold. The golden hour, as Aurora from Aurum, 

AZpoy, cturumy gold.— -Allied to Ai/yif, 
. Ai^ios, Doric of Trithrios, Taifffios, 

Av<rToX4os, Awmy^f, diy, rough, — soiled by diy 
dust : see AifXfAds.^- R aiSa, aUffrai, 

Avrhp, on the contrary, but^ but then, moreover, &c: 
for ASt€ &p. 

A&r€, much the same as A9 : re added. 

'AiVr^, bawling, shout of war. — R aj6u. 

AirriKa, on the very spot, at the very moment, directly, 
as In-loco, Illicb:<— aa a direct example, for instance. -^ 
R avrds. So ^i^IKA. 

'AvTfi^y like *ATfi6s, — R. aHm =: JCw, to breathe. 

Ainohrfis : See Avdtvrfis. 

AvToicdSSoAos, said of things made or dose off-hand 

and in a hurry. -^^R ourbr, whence AKrus, just as it is, 
and Ainlxa directly : icdarrm^ ndShiv, to cat fast. As 
said of food eaten in a huny. (2) Similarly Suidas from 
KdSos, a measure of com. (S) From aKdirrm, ]Kdirr», 
(whence Kdveros,) to scoop out a VKdipos, skiff. Thus 
Lycophron has A\noKdiSBaXo» ffKd^os. 

AbrhSf the same person mentioned oSrc again ; that 
same person, he and no other ;— he by himself, alone ; 
-*-he of himself, spontaneoos, as Ipse ia nsed ; — just as 
he is, without change. 

Alh-uSf A&Tots, in the very state or just as one was, 
without change : — just as it was, nothing done, to no 
e£fiBCt, in vain. — R airrhs or 6 ovrds. 

Ahx^, to declare loud, protest, vaiOit— R a&», a^ 
jca, to sp«aL.loud. As New, N^Xw. (2) R. t&»» t«^f 
to blow : as *vffd» ia to puff and blow with pride. 

A^xV, the neck; — neck of land. — R o^x^: 
* emotions of pride being often indicated by movements 
of the head and neck :' Dnn. So *Tif>-a^x^'' ^ 
' having a high neck, proud.' So from Tpaxn^^ is 
Tpax^AtcEw, to behare proudly. 'Speak not with a 
stiff neck:' Psa. 75. 5. (2) R atfw: the neck being 
bony, hard and dry : (Steph., Damm, &c.) 

Ahxpihs, drought ; — squalidness from dry dust, as in 
A^ToXcos and in "A^a. 

Ati», to diy: from fjCw, to breathe, as ih^Atrdfta; 
to blow upon. And also to dry up, parch, bum up, set 
on fire, kindle. So Ardeo from Aridus. Haggai 1. 9. 

Atfw, 'A0V, to shout out, call loudly.— R f&w to 
breathe, blow, blow out, as above. Siiins : * Miuaces 
Ex'Spirat sonos.' Cicero : ' Verba iufiata et quasi 
anhelaia gravius.' 

*A*AMmTAI, Cretan slaves :— Q. ? (Very rare.) 

"A^apt instantly, — continuously,— after that-^R. 
&nT(0, &^a, to join on with, aa ContinubfromCon-teneo, 
'£(^5 from "E^ofuu. * From cl^^ : Ipso tactu :* Alrt. 
(2) A for ifM ; '\<pdu, ^fti : No sooner said than 
done. (3) For kit* &p, 

^Atpauphs, weak, fSeeble. — For i^of)^ (aa A^uaTfj^s-,) 
from a, <l>tp», f ^a/)c» as in ^Apirpa, i(roil>Apl((U : Not 
bearing up, like *A-Ta\6s, (2) R iupdoa, to handle : 
Soft to the touch. Compare 'AiroAi^s. (3) R &^i;w, 
to parch: Withered. (4b) R o^ much; vavpoSj or 

'A0<iw, *A<l>dtCj to handle.— R. Airr«, 8^, Sarroficu, 
to touch. 

*A<^€\^s, plain, level, simple.— R. o, ^Aos, astone : 
Without stones. (2) R f&^cAw, iufKupH. 'Sim- 
plicity is aepnraiion from all heterogeneous mixtures :' 

"Aipevost revenue, income. — R cup*, ?wr, year: the 
product 6f a year, as Anndna. Bnttm. says, ' the 
wealth of many years, like IIAoCtos from iroAu-€r^s/ 
(2) R eup' ivbs, from one (year). (3) R a intens., 
f^^w, fp^, as in L&Lfetiu,/emina,/eiut8. 

*A^^,—fastening,«» touching,*— simd put over anoint- 
ed wrestler* to give a hold.— R &wt», a^ 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



A^tBcu, fiery pustules in the moath, thmsh. — B. 
*A«T», &pdriVf to light up. 

"AipKaarrov^ the highest part ef a ship. — R o, <t>Xdw, 
ire^Acurreu : As not battered by the waves. 

'AipkouTfibSf foam. — Some as MoWe from d^s. 
Bat Hemsterh. from ^aI», t^A-oo, to boil or bubble. 
Compare ^KoiffSos, 

*A<pvths, 'A<pP9ihSy rich. — B. &^cvo$, (ft^of). 

*A0^^(a, excrement. -* Fw a^fSia from d^opl(m, 
as Excrement from Excemo. 

"A^rw, suddenly. See in Af(^s. 

'A^po8tTt7, Venus. — B. dxppis : As sprung from the 
foam of the sea. This, says Jamieson, is more natural 
than most of those given by the Greeks, being congruous 
to the fable. Called also, *A<ppoy4v€ia, (2) Frae Dan. 
and Scotch is ^froth\ say ^frodJ 

*A^>p6Sf foam. — Like *A€p6s and 'AroXbr from iirrw, 
5^, iirromu ; Soft to the touch. (2) B. a, ^fw, 
4>opd : Easily borne on the wind, carried away. 

*Appo(r{fvrij foolishness : A-tppw dat. pi. Appwrij from 

*A<p^<r»j to draw from one vessel into another, pour 
out or upon, heap or load. — Simply from d^*, from, ^d- 
<ptw : somewhat as "Airios from *Air6, (2) B. iuf>\ 0» 
viewed as f l«, fw, to send Ewing takes tv literally : 

* I water from, draw forth.* 

*A^», to become white.-— From 'the remarkably 
brilliant white color* (I>nn.) of the *A#TH, a species of 

*Axai&, Ceres.— They say from the &x<*^ P^^ ^he 
felt at the loss of Proserpine. 

*AxBiitvcis Afno9f a kind of large loaf in Athen. 3. 
where the context, says Steph., seems to refer it to the 
large size of the stag called as below. 

^A^einiSj *Ax<uXvh\, ' a two-year stag, from its single 
pointed horns dxIScs : compare ^AxaxM-^voi pointed :' Ldd. 

*AXdNH, a Persian measure and word. Also a chest, 
box : Here perhaps from a, x^''^> fc^x^^>^ 

'Axon;;, an agate. — Beferred by Pliny to Achates^ 
a river of Sicily. (2) Lennep from a, x^'^^t to lack : 
As lacking no color. Thus Woodward states it to be 
'spotted with different colors, black, brown, red, and 
sometimes blue.' (3) Bochart from the Hebr. and 
Punic echad, spotted. 

*AxcAfi0or, a word applied, says Servios, from the an- 
tiquity of the river Acheloua to any water. 

*Axcpfl0ts, white poplar : * prob. from 'Ax^pw A chercn : 
for from its pale color it was thought to have been brought 
from the shades by Hercules :* Ldd. 

^Ax^poM', a river of Hell. — Not improb. ftxan ftx®'* 
tx^osj p4wf, pS»v : The river of pam. 

*Axh^, 'Hx^y, poor. — For d-^x^w^ from a, Ix*** 
Aristoph. has roin oIk ixavras, Eurip. rh ft^ ^X^iv- 

* The poor of the people which had nothing :* Jerem. 
89. 10. *Os otfK rxei : Mark 4. 2.5. 

"AxBofMi, to be loaded with &x^os a weight, heavy 
laden or weighed down in mind, 

"AxOos, a weight.— B. (tyw, ^^v". 'Onus quod 
fertur:' Ov. Compare "Ex^'* 

'Ax^AXcios, like Achilles: hence applied to things 
excellent, as *AxtAXi)tr, an excellent kind of barley. 

*AxXJ»J, mist, gloom : —trouble. — From &x^t ''x*^, 
for 'AxcAirs : The ' dhnness of anguish', * the darkness 
and sorrow', in Isaiah : The ' day of darkness and of 
gloominess, of clouds and thick darkness', in Joel : the 
*bhKk cloud &x<^' of pain', in Homer: the * cloud of 
lamentation', in Euripides : the * banc animo nnbem ' in 
Ovid, go in this direction. And thus Dnn. allies *Op. 
tpavhSf bereft, to'Op^)!^.— -But some from a intens., 
X^t to pour. Homer has icaT* 6<p$a?^v K4xvr dxA^s, 
jfX'cy ^X^^t dxA^^ fcaWx^vc. 

'Axvof foam, froth, down, dew, chaff, dross.— Some 
for Aixva, as Ac£§w, EXSw ; Tcua, Ala. (2) R t&7<»> 
&yvvfu, &x^» frango : Something fragile : So Dr. Major. 
(S) * B. X"'<^i X^^w^j X^ooif to comb :' Dnn. Or Kvdu 
to rub, brush : Easily brushed off. (ft) For ft-cxca, 
from a, fx^ • ^^ adhering. As *Apyhs, for *Aef>y6s, 

"Axps, grief, pain. — B. ^Ayw, &7ia/fit, lfx«! As 
breaking the spirits. ^ Animo esse yracto et afflicto'; 
Cic. SSee more ia'Ayw-aucrda, (2) B. Ayu, as in 
"AxBos, burden. So'Axom*" and^Ax^ofuu would be 
the same. (S) Allied to *Aicti : Pungent grief. (4) 
' Hebr. ok, to compress :' Wr. (5) Our ocAs, Germ. 

"Axpi/Axpis, 'on the surface, like 'Axpus: just 
touching, II. 17. 699 : — even the outermost, utterly, 
II. 4. 522. From &Kpo5 :' Ldd. and Dnn. Hence • en- 
tirely, up to the place or time that.' (2) As "IxTop 
from Zkw, so "Axp* from 47», Ax'h * to go to', as in its 
compounds. So''A7c is Come on. See M4xpi. 

'AxypfiAj a heap of 

"Axvpov, chaff. — JMany for d'4xypov : Not firm, weak. 

(2) Like^Axt^, anything fragile, from Hyvvfii^ &xi^ 

(3) Allied to 'Axil : Anything pungent and prickly. 
*Ax6l>Pi osy a continuous scab of the head, scald-bead. 

— Alfied to "AXva and "AXupof, a scale, flake, &c. 
Ending Kke /x^P| cXXlP. (2) From a, much, x^P^h 
* prop, the circular movement of dancers in a ring ', (Dnn.) 
(S) * With very small holes like a honey-comb, [and so 
called in Latin favus,] but smaller, inasmuch as Galen 
has handed down that it is so called from their not oc- 
cnpjring any x^P^'^ place, but is confined to narrow 
spaces:' Gorr. in new Steph. 2460. As^A-roiros in 
form, though in a different sense, (ft) As "Axapi, a 
mite, from a, icc/p», K4icopa : too small to cut (5) B. 
a, x^P^^f to yield, retire : From its obstmate con- 
tinuanee. (Very rare word.) 

*A^, back, again. — *Prob. a form of avS :' Dnn. As 
Tlapk, Uapatf and Udpos^ so 'Ar^, 'Airal, and f'Airos, 
^Aiff, "Atff, (2) If not from Sirrw, &^w, as is 'Air6, 
which see. So ^Ovlcrot and 'Oif^, from evofMi, Or for^ 
^«i, dat. of Stilus, 

'A^riNeoa, -ION, wormwood.— *Syriac ab shento, 
pater somni:' Dahler. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



'Ar^iSj a joining, binding ; — joining^ or meshes of a 
net ; — the joining the felloes to form a wheel, a wheel, 
arch, vaolt — R. Airrw, Ai^w. 

fAH or*'AXl,''Ai}/bu, to breathe, blow, pant, whence 
(through ^iaSriv) durOfUL Other tenses follow, as maj 
be seen in 'AdaKv, "AaroSj "Accra, 'Ao-r^^, A(^, *Atu. 
—A Primitiye word. 

"Aoipos, ''Hpos, night, — sleep. — B. a, &pa: Un- 
seasonable, as *A»p6»vKTos ^ at an unseasonable hour of 
the night ' in Jlschylns, and ' Intempest^ nocte ' in Livj 
for < midnight' (2) ' Sleep,' from the sense of * night' : 
or fi'om a, &pai When there is no care about anything. 

*A»r4w, to sleep. — K. iuros : To cull the flowers of 
anything, or the sweets of things, here of sleep, fhrvow 
being joined with it in Homer: iriMwxov fhryoy ow- 
Tcts. (2) From t&», whence &cora, I slept. 

*Aa>Tos, "AuToVj a flower, blossom ; — hence the most 
choice and exquisite of its kind, so used of the finest 
wool. — B. t&0, &i7/ii, to breathe, as Lennep derives 
Flos from Flo, (though referred by Lidd. to ^\6os): 
Lucretius : £t nardi florem qui nectar naribns halat. 
(2) R. a, intens., tQ», ^aroi, irraij to smell : as tr^^u 
makes not only (r<iil,Tiov but avr^p without the S. 
See '0(r/A^. 


Ba, for BcuTiXcO, as Ac^, Ma, for AcD/ao, Marcp. 

Ba, an exclamation: from the sound, as Bah! 

Ba^d^w, to cry fih fi^ babble^ prattle, talk. 

Baeat, BoSai^f, Ilairal, Ilairo, natural sounds of 
wonder. See on IlairaL 

Ba€pd(a>^ to chirp like grasshoppers. — 'An imitative 
word :' Don. (2) B. jBop^s, f jSapd^w, •\$a6apd(u)j as 
Bdpv-ipuviuj to have a rough voice. See Bpd(u, 

Bdyfjuiy speech. — R. jSdfw, fiiSayiJuu. 

Baryhsy Spartan for *Ayhs, a captain, from 6y<a : as 
Bavvos, Burxits Maittaire p. 373. 

BdBriy, step by step. BdZos, a step. — R. fiS*^, t^^; 
€arcuy $alvwj as STtS^Tji'. Hesych. explains it Kara 

B(£f«, to babble, talk, like BaSd^u, which see. (2) 
* Akin to ^/Ai ': Dnn. : i.e. to ^(pdu. So Bpdfjuo, Fremo. 

Badfihsy a going ; — a step, i.e. one pace;— a stair, and 
a threshold, by which or on which we go, as also BddpoVj 
BoT^, BaXhs are a threshold.— R fi3da>, ^iSddriv. 

BdBoSj depth.— R. ^fidcoj jieddriy, for KaTo-jSotyw, to 
descend : or to make to go down, sink. Dnn. explains 
jSaiVv, * to go up, doioriy or against.' Thus Dr. Johnson 
explains Deep, ^descending far.' Allied are fiOdpos, 
^e6s, (2) Allied to Bdais^ a foundation, bottom. 

BdBpoVj a threshold, as BoBfiSs. Also, as Bdo-is, a 
hascy pedestal, foundation, — a bench, seat. 

Baivc^j to go : from ^fidu^ as t*c£«, 4>a/iw ; f Mdw, 
Maivo) ; fSdo), Sa/w. 

Baths f little in size or number.-— R. 'f^dco, whence 
BoSt/v, step by step, gradually (gradus), little by little. 
(2) R. fjSaw, as allied to frcuv, ira{fu, whence UavpoSj 
small. (3) For *Ufiaihs, small. 

BAHS, BAiXDN, a palm-branch.— Porphyry states it 
to be an Egyptian word. 

Balriij a shepherd's coat of skin. — R ^fidu, f ^/A-i8<£w, 
ififiaivuy to go into, as from iu-B^w, to go into, is 'Ei'- 
ivrbvy clothing, *E7r4v^vroVj a cloak, and Lat induOy to 
clothe. So 'Efi-^ is a buskin. The compound omitted 
as in "Irvs, 


Bouel;v, ' a gudgeon, any fish not much valued : from 
jSat^s, small, trifling :' Dnn. 

BdKTfKoSj BoKtXas, a eunuch in Gybele's service : ' a 
lewd or stupid man, like BKdxos. From j3Ad{ :' Dnn. 
But how is this ? Better, Lenn. thinks jS as in Bauuos 
and Baybs prefixed .£olic^ to a word "A-ktiKos allied to 
K^Acos glowing, burning i.e. with bad desire. Or fjSa, 
as proposed in Boo-KaiW, Bdrpaxos, 

BaKl(uy to prophecy )ike Bakis or Bads, an ancient 
Boeotian prophet (Valck. ad Herod.) 

BoKTpov, a sta£f, stick. — * R ^fidCuy^fid^Wj [f jSc^ok- 
Toiy] ^iv<o :To walk with :' Dnn. Or allied to BcCo-ts, 
a base, ' that on which one stands ', (Dnn.) See Bi€aios, 

BaKx^toSy a foot of one short and two long syllables : 
' as being most used in the hymns to Bacchus and in 
the dithyrambs :' Steph. and Ewing. 

BdKxoSy Bacchus. — 'Another form of "icwcx^'J :' Dnn. 
Yet B is not I. Rather from fidQuy jSc^axa, ^aJ^dCwy to 
babble : from the confused babblings of the Bacchanals. 
So called Bp6fjuos from $p4fui>. (2) Radbeck refers it 
to one Bagge, who proceeded from the North, and sub- 
dued the East. Jamieson to bagge or 6oc^ a goat or 
ram : in the Dionysia the goat always appearing. 

BaKavehsy a bath-keeper, having the care of the iSa- 
Xajtos pin or peg for fastening the bolt in baths. BoAo- 
v6(c is to fasten with a peg. — Reimer from its prob. 
being customary to heat the baths with'ot acorns, 
husks of chestnuts, &c. ? 

BdXajfoSy acorn, — gland, — pessary. 'That which 
the tree BdWfi puts forth :' Dr. Jones. Allied to BAa- 
crdyct). — ^Also a pin or peg shot into a bolt to fasten the 
door : So^BA^pof, a peg : 'Eirt-j8A)^s, a bolt : and Obex, 
Obicis from Ob-jicio. 

Ba\dyTioVy BoAA-, a purse. — ' R. jSoAAw, to cast in :' 
Schleusn. (Much in form as Td\ajnov,) Thus, John 
12. 6, Judas 'had the bag and bare rcb fiaW6fifva 
what was put therein.' Plutarch : T^ fiaXdintoy, €/*- 
6\r)$4vTos roO- dpyuplovy &c 

BaA6ls, barrier, bar, starting-place : beginning, 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



threshold, ladder which is a starting-place to a wall : — 
plnr. gable-end, top of a wall. — All from /9<£aA»: 
Where thej throw off Le. the rope or the horses or 
themselves. So from d^-iriiu is *A^mi(»la, 

Bd\€: m*Aed\§, 

BAAHN, BAAAHN, the Persian King. ' Prop, a lord. 
In the Sjrlac, Baal, Bel is Lord :' Bazt 

BaXihs, swift — R. fidXXw, fid\A : With a flmg or 
plunge, as yifx^ from 'P£vt». 

BoXt^s, spotted. — As above : ^One color being thrown 
on [or by the side of] another :' Ormst. We say * SHOT 
silk 'from SHOOT. 

BaAA(^», to throw the legs about, briskly dance. — 
— B. /3<iAAw, as BawrtCu,. (2) Oar ball, ItaL baUOy 
Span, ba^le, 

BdXKu, to throw, cast— R. j&du, as Vciw, V<iXXw : 
To make to po forward, irpo-fii€dCa, (2) ' Hebr. heel, 
to hurry :* Wr. (S) Thiersch compares our Ball 

Bd\h5, B7}A^s, a threshold. — R. fiSaw as in Ba$fi6s. 

Bd/iSoy Dor. fbr Bdfifio, 

Bau€alvu, Ba/i€aXl(afj Bo/a^okv^w, to stammer, chat- 
ter with the teeth.— N as fidSddpw. For jfieUSalvto 
like BaJ8d(u, (2) *An imitative woixl:' Dun. (3) 
* Hebr. beem, to speak inarticulately :* Wr. 

Bayit Boeot, rdofa SicU., for rvv^. So BdXavos and 
rd\avoSy Glans. 

B^aiMTos, a mechanic who heats a furnace : — vulgar, 
illiberal, base. — ' For fiaOy-awroSy {rompawos, aiko :' Ldd. 

Bd^iSy like Bdy/M. 

Bdirru, Boarrl(<Uy to dip, dye, bathe, drench, baptize, 
—As f A(£fltf, AdvTw ; Kvduj Kvdirrof ; from '\fidMy for 
Kara-fit€d(o9, ifi'fii6d(u, to make to go down or in, 
plunge, (properly). 

BdpaBpoVy Ion. $4pt$pov, a deep pit. — ' B. 0dpos : 
Anything weighed down, depressed, sunk :' E. Valpy. 
As /A^AAOPON. (2) R. fiddos, depth, ^fidBoBpov: 
which would be softened to $dPa6poVj much as meDi- 
dies into meRidies, aDbiter into aRbiter ; for A and 6 
are interchanged often, as 6cbf, Deus ; murTHer, mnr- 
Der; burTHen, burDen; BeTUlehem,BeDlam. Thus: 
•\Pdea6poVj ^^aOpoVf fidpoBpov, Vice vers& was caDu- 
ceum from KoP^fKtov. So Dnn. from jSo^ifts. (S) * Hebr. 
boTy a pit ;' Mrt. * Hebr. beruthy a pit :' Wr. 

BAPAKE2, explained Ma(ai by Athenseus 3. 115, 
and used only by him.— -Q. ? 

Bd(p€af»05, foreign, outhmdish. — Strabo thinks it an 
imitative word to express the sound of one who speaks 
harshly, fiap /Sap. So Lenn. and Forcell. (2) From 
fiaphs, fiSop^opirs, as AdirrofyAapBdirrte : for Bap^ffxeyos 
is one who has a rough voice. (S) Chald. 5ara, abroad ; 
or Arab, btxrbary to murmur. ' Irish barba or beorb. 
Russ. varvar :' Wbst 

Bdp6troSy -roVy a lyre. — Written also fidpVliroVy 
whence Pollux derives it from fiapi-fUToVj from its 
heavy strings. ' Graviorem edit sonum s' Forcell. 

BoPlS, an Egyptian canoe ; ' from BariSy a city of E- 
gypt where it was used :* Bloml Bdi>eapoi ^cipi8cf|£arip. 

Bdpos, weight — Allied to BdBos, depth, and both 
from ^fidMy KaTO-fialyvy to sink down. (2) Wbst 
compares our verb beary Goth, bairany and 6r. ^p», 
t0af>^» whence <l>ap4Tpa, As &fi^y amBo; Bpf/iw, 

BdffayoSy the Lydian touch-stone : — trial by torture. 
— As &fi*Wy amBo ; ^iKanroSy BtKnnros ; for \<l>daayos 
from ^^duy w4<j>aaai, ^vw, to manifest, show, and so 
give proof of. So *daa^y an informer. In its form 
compare Aderaaroy, (2) R. f i3a», i3i«dC<tf, iK'$i€a(»y 
i.e. to force out, extort (3) * Hebr. biUuMy probavit :' 
Mrt. As*E|, Sex. 

BaatXebsy a King. — R. fidirtSy foundation; Xtbs, 
K^ifSy the people : On whom the people rest and depend. 

Boff i\iffK0Sy the basilisk, a serpent feigned to have on 
its head tufts like a x:rown. And a wren, the King's 
bird, Lat regultu.—^ Above, 

BdfftSy footstep; ifidu, $aiyw — A base, pedestal: 
* whereon one steps*, Ldd. : ^ the foot, or sole of the foot, 
that on which one stands [walks], or anything is fixed, 
the ground, foundation, pedestal, base ;' Dnn. Or what 
anything goes down upon, Kara-fiaiytt, 

Baa-Kalwy to use ill words to, slander :—« bewitch by 
invidious praise, spells, an evil eye. — * R. f jScttrvM, /3a- 
Cuy to utter, speak:' Dnn. (2) * The Cretans for 
jBov- seem to have said iSo-, as BeurKoplcrat, Bcurrpa- 
Xn^tu are put down by the Gramm. for XKop^o-oi, 
Tpaxn^<rai : so Boo-fcoUvw for Kalvw :' Lenn. (3) 
' ^dffKca alyit, to speak horrible things, [B as Afi'tv, 
amBo] : or ^>dc<ri Kotivwy to kill with the eyes \' Greg. 
Compare O^o-^ros from 66({f. 

BA22APA, a fox.— * Of Tkradan origin:' Ldd. 
BaatrdpiOy little foxes, are attributed by Hesych. to the 
Libyans, (A rare word.) 

BauradpOy ' the dress of Thracian Bacchanals, prob. as 
made of the skins of fia^a-dpai foxes : also perhaps a 
Bacchanal ; hence an impudent courtesan :' Ldd. 

BcuTffapfbsy * Bacchus, whose priests were clothed 
with foxes' skins:' Forcell. — Above. (2) *Hebr. 
batzctTy gathered the vintage :' Bochart. 

Bdffffayy compar. of BaBvs, as VKvubs, rK6<ra-uy, 

Bacrdiuf to carry. — R. f A^, f/Sc^iurrai, fiaivw: 
to make to go forward, Tpo-$i€d(», 

BdrdKoSy cmsBdus, k \&duy fiardw, fiart^y ooeo ut 

Bardtnij the same as nardyri, 

BartiMy Bariwy ascendo ut mares : ha/a-fiaiiw, Sio 
BdrriSy equus admissarius. 

Bar^py a threshold, as BoBixis i a staff to go with ;•* 
starting-place to go from : f j3(i», iSe^etroi. 

BATIAKH, some cup: 'a Cftoidotc word': Bochart. 
' Chald. batiahy a pumpkin :' Dahler. 

Barls, the prickly roach : — a bird frequenting bram- 
bles. — From 

Baros, the bramble : ' prop, that grows spontaneously, 
I from /Sorbs [from /Sofyw] :' Dnn. Going forth. (2) 
I Some think a lo^t in JSi-fiaroSy inaccessible. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



BAT02, a JewtA fiqiiid measare, in N. T. Bai 

Bch-paxor, a frog.— Ba for fiou- as in Bairicadw 
(2), and fhp&x^v a. 2. of rpitix^t ^ ^ rough. (2) Ba 
for 3o&, (iEol. ^oo,) Yoice, much as ^iatparos for 

Barrop/C*') BaTTO«Ao7«», to saj over and over again, 
like one Batiuij a stuttering king of Cjr^nd. ' Ovid 
perh. alludes to him in the answer of that babbling 
Battut to Merourj : Sub illis Mootibus, inqnit, ernnt, 
et erant sub montibns illis:' Pkh.— But liddell: 
' Formed no doubt in imitation of the sound/ 

Bau§du, BauSdKiCmj BauKoXduj to lull to sleep.^- 
' Imitated from the nurse's song:' Ldd. ^ Bauli) in 
Mythology was the name of Ceres's nurse :' Dun. But 
BomcoXiUp is rather from /Sovic^y : To say pretty things 
to. Some however understand these words ' to mutter ' 

Balbivj ' to cry fiav jBov, to bark : hence to howl, la- 
ment, bark with angry reproaches, ciy aloud for :' Ldd. 
Our bajf for bark, and bawl are near. AU from the 

BoiMciUiov, Bavte^Xis, a vase with narrow mouth, 
' fisr it 0td^9i makes a muttering sound or hum when 
liqnids an poured into it :' Steph. 

BoMciSes , delicate shoes for women : from 

Bovjcbs, a£feeted, disdainfol, delicate, luxurious.-^ 
R 'ffi6u, f/S^f oieo, (v as in our moUntatn,) whence Bd- 
9rfP *■ step by step, slowly, with a steady measured step,' 
(Dnn.) Thus to Mince is ' to walk nicely by short steps, 
to act with appearance of delicacy, to afiect nicety', 
(Dr. J.). SeeBwiJr.t 

Bovvof, a furnace. —B. afho, to kindle: as'B^Sor, 
BaS^s for l5os, a8^s,' (Matthim Or. Gr.). So BdrcU 
for 4fc&s in Hesych. And Maittaire mentions Burx^s 
for liTx^r. (2) Allied to ^wuvis, splendor : as ^4w, 

Bo^, a dyeing : fidmruj Houpaif, 

fBAn, fBEXl, and perhaps fBIA (as in Btor, B/a, 
Biy€C0, B(d([w,) to make to go.— Primitive words. ^Bd 
Hebr. to come :' Mrt. Perh. allied to fnAXl. 

B&UAcv, to suck, squeeze, and BS^AAa, a leech. — ^As 
pa6i(w, so ^^Moo or f /SoSdUtf, t/^c», ^B!Mu, to make 
to pass out (Comp. JwfBAA.) Thus "Vdto, WdKKw : 
and 0i;€AAA. (2) ' Hebr. hedd, to separate :' Wr. 

B$c\^(ro/iat, to stink, defile oneself ;— to turn from 
what is oflfensive, abominate. BScAt^r, abominable. 
B8({\os, a stench. — From 

B8««», to emit a noisome stench.— Prop, to mske to 
pass out, as in BSiAXo). (2) 'An imitative word ex- 
pressive of disgust :' Dnn. From the sound BA. 

B5<$Aor : in BScXuo'O'o/iai. 

Bd(}AA«, as B8c» :— and to turn away frxnn, abhor, 
dread ; — to insult by the act expressed in B8^. 

Bc§8U0r, firm.— B. f/Scw, fialvu^ le. to go on, to go 
well, stand up firm, whence fitSrtKiiftf fixed ; rh fit€riKhSj 
firmness. And see Bdats, a base. Be, as in 

BdiriXos, common, profisne.— In form M inyUAOX 
B. t/3dA», jfivKos, $4€n\os : accessible to all * AUow- 
able to tread :* Ldd. See BriKdt. 

BfKKweXsfmSt superannuated, doting, silly. — B. 0tK^ 
KQSj frtX-fivrii As old as bread and the moon. Or calling 
on the moon for bread. (2) R fimcks^ Hesych. for 
Uhsj iEoL : As fiu* back as the moon. (3) Hesych. 
has also Bca^r, silly: Le. fi^xhs fiur from (his mind): 
A moon-struck maniac. 

BEKKOIB, a Phrygian word for bread. A curious 
account of it is in Herod. 2. 2. — Wr. from Hebr. heg^ 
bread.-— Wachter compares our BAKE, 

Bc\^nf, (like 'Aictinf,) a sharp pdnt as at the end 
of a /3i\M:— i needle,— &ih. with long sharp snout, 
as a 

^ BcAof, a dart— R fiJjsXm, ^fio\4m which shows a 
form tjScAAw. As Jacio, Jaculum. 

BcArepor, BcXtIwi', better. — R fi4\os, ^fitXdrepos j 
who aims his dart or hits more exactly. So 'AptUtv 
from "'Apt};. (2) Pers. behteTf our better. 

B4fji§n^, -il, a whirling, whirling*top, whirlpool. — ^As 
3diMfot, \eM€dvw, For i3cfi}| redupL from iSc^Ko, 
t/3£f^«c«, to go, to go round, as "Irvr for "AfAip-trvSy 
and BKrirpov for 'Afjupt^fikriTpoif, (2) Allied to U4fii^. 

B4v0os, depth, like BdOos, as Ildl^t, Il^^r. 

BtpdaxtBoSj a booby. — ^'A fictitious word:' Dind. 
* A word formed without analogy: ' Casaub. ' Prob. 
coined by Aristoph.:' Ldd. Baphs, (a 'heavy' Mow,) 
might have suggested it. See E in wE\€fil(m, 

BtvBoSf Bcvdor, some vest. — As BtKks for *Ejc^, (as 
in BavFo;,) so these for El&os and EvSor ; f EOos and 
t*'ESor ; — fit»n fco;, M$tiv, hfi^vfu, to put on, as ET/uo. 
See "Edos. T as in our moUntain, and in IT8». 

Bt; B^, the sound of sheep bleating, more imitative in 
Doric, B^ Bd, 

B7iK6s : in BaX6t. 

B^/ua, a step, pace : "ffidut fi4€iipuu. And a step, to 
go up upon ;•— a tribunal, for ipd-j^fui. 

BHPTAA02, a beiyL- Boch. from Chald. behir by 

B^o-ero, a sheep-walk, wild walk, glen.— R ^fid»^ 

Biiaffu, to cough. B^|, x^^t & cough.— -As B^o'O'a 
from f iSdfetf, /B^(rw, so Bfiffffm : To make go out, jforce 
out, ' to evacuate the peccant matter', (Dr. J. in Cough,). 
Compare B/o, BidCw, Tli4Cu, And see B8^. 

BHTA, beta, Hebr. baiO. 

Bia, compulsion, force, violence, power. — From the 
obs. "ffilv = fjSciv, to make to go : as in BelofuUj to go 
on; Biv4iCj co-eo; and Plantus has BITO to go, 
whence ad-BITEB, arBIter. AndseeiSIor. SoyElvo- 
fuu, ylvofteu. Compare also nidCof% nW^«, with Bldfu, 
(2) From "lo, explained B^a by Suidas : from "flu to 
make to go, send : B prefixed as in Bavi^os. (S) Even 
Parkh. brings it from the Hiphil of Hebr. (a, to cause 
to GO. 

BmC^w, to force. Above. ' 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 


Boep ox 

Bi€<i(Uf to make to go, ^fidu. 

Bigrfw, to stride : i. e. to move out, gen. with * long, 
far', &c. — Above. 

BIBA02, BTBA05, the Egyptian plant, from which 
paper was made : — a book. T^ Bi€\loVj the BIBLE, 

* Book of Books.' 

BiSpiiffKoo : in f BpJtf. 

BiSioubi, Spartan officers having the care of youth. — 

* Connected with Wuoi, FlSvot, [from iSfw, Video,] wit- 
nesses or judges over them :' Bockh. B, as in Bavvos. 

BIK02, a pitcher, jar. — Some think it Phenician. 
(2) OuTpitckerf Fr. picker ^ LaX. picarium. Some add, 
what is more remote in meaning, our beaker^ Germ, he* 
cheTj Ital. bicchiere, 

Bzi'€«, coeo, ut marltus.— Ut *Ayiv4o»j 'Opivta, Vox 
afflnis est BaiW. Vide in Bia et f B(£w. Sic 

Bios, Biaros, life, — provisions. — H. $flofMtj to go 
on in life, as in II. x- '^I? * vivam ' (Clarke). In ir. 852 
fiep is explained by Damm $u&(r(f. So fieoficu o. 194. 
So vopet^crai CEd. T. 874. And we speak of the Path 
and the Journey of life, and of going on in life. Plautus 
has BitOj to go. Note ylvofuii, (2) B. jSta, natural 
strength and vitahty, II. 5. 314. 

Bihsy a bow.— *Perh. the same as B^os, provisions ; 
since the first Greeks, like all rude tribes, lived by the 
chase : Ldd. and Dnn. (2) As requiring filav force, 
stretched fiitf with force. 

BXoStj, hurt : $\dirria, iieXalSoy, 
B\aSap6sj soft, flaccid, moist, — weak, efieminate, 
stupid. — See in UKaSapds, 

B\aurhs, disabled in speech, stammering ; — in Umbs, 
distorted by the feet being bent outwards. — R. jSoAAo), 
f /3A(£w (as in BXciirrw,) to strike down, to disable. In 
form as Faurds. — From fi\dirro», says Martin : rather, 
allied to it. 

BAa|, -okSsj lazy, delicate. — B. /uoAoirbs, fM^) 
^Aa(. See Mcft^AwKo. (2) Allied to BAA5ap6s. 
See Tl\adap6s. 

BAiiirrw, to disable, damage, hinder, stop; — from 
/3(£AA», f/SAcUtf, as in BAcucrb;, B\aarr4ta. In form like 
*ldvTu>f and f A(ici>, Adirru. Eustath. : BA(£irT€iv, oiovtl 
BAAAEIN. — Also to mislead, i.e. throw down and dis- 
appoint expectations. 

fBAoo-TccD, B\affrdvu^ to bud, blossom. — B. fidXPiu, 
t^AcMB, f^efiAcMrTot ; To shoot forth, as Upo-fidWoa 
&y0os, Dioscor. ^vAAo-jSoAcw, to put forth leaves. See 
B\dirru. Dnn. compares BAi^o, which is allied. 

BAcur^juccD, to defame, slander, blaspheme. — For 
fi\wlf'(p7)fi4c0j from fixdirru, if», ^/ii7, to damage the 
reputation of. 

BXavrau, sandals, shoes. — Allied to IIAari'S, flat So 
Latin Plmitm, Phtus, is one with flat feet. 

BA«/i6a/i'», ' to exult, vaunt, akin to Bp4fjLu : ' Ldd. 
'Same sense as Mfyealvu, R. fipffMt, not i8Aeir6>, 
[)3A€ju/ia,] which is not an Homeric word :' Dnn. So 
KPi€avos and KAi€avos, 

BAcWoy mucus from the nose : BAcVi^os, a driveller, 

weak, dastardly, vulg. * a snotty fool.*— R fiSAco), fidX- 
Aw, to throw out, as "frdtOj "fFtw, Tevva. 

BA«r«, to look at— R f^Aea;, fidxXtoi To throw or 
cast the eyes at As SpcXIv, ^Ilctf. Homer has 
BAA' HfifMTa ; Eurip. irpo-jSoAoi/cr* dfifiaTO, So irapa- 
-$\i}driv. Homer has /BoAol o^daA/A«y. (2) R fi\4w, 

B\4<l>apov, ' the eyelid ; freq. the eye. R fiXivw : ' 
Dnn. Perf. fi4€\€<pa : Appertaining to the sight 

f BAe&>, to throw ; jSciAAw, f jSoAeV 

BA^Tpof', an iron cramp or ring : for ^Afi<f>i'fi\7rrpor. 
— Above. 

BAtjx^, hUating of sheep, whining of children. — Len- 
nep from the sound, hleee. (2) R -fiSAcw, fi4€\riHa, 
to send out (sounds). See on *Ia. 

BKrixphs, dull, sluggish, weak. — ' B. jSaA|, jSAoicrfs :' 
Dnn. (2) R f/SAcw, fi4€\riKa: Cast down in spirit, 
ab-ject, re-miss. * Exposed to a blow', E. Valpy on II. 
5. 336. 

BKifid^Uf to feel hens to see if they have eggs : prop, 
to squeeze, BKlu whence BAirra, 

BKirofidiiftaSy a silly fool, one who is as flat and in- 
sipid as the herb BAITON hlit or orache, and like an 
infant calUng for its VLdfifia mother's breast 

BAtTTCD, BAf^«>, BA^ to squeeze or press out, spec 
honey ; whence some derive from jU^Ai, /ucAIttw, yikirrta, 
as in B\d^. To initate, some say: i.e. press close, 
annoy. (2) < Allied to *\i<o, *\i€u, G\i€<»:' Dnn. 
(3) Compare BAtW, ^\(ko, allied to fBAcw, to throw 

BKotrvphSf awful, venerable, noble, terrible, fierce.-— 
Formed like BAwdp^s, tall, towering, big, huge, and so 
inspiring awe or respect 

fBA(£i), BAc^fTKCtf, to arise, come forth, grow, go. — 
Prop, to shoot up : /SoAAo), * jSoA^w, $\6a), as dop4wj 
^p6<», bpuffKO) :' Matthias. (2) R fi6KM, tM<^», f jSAtJw. 
See in BAci^. 

BA^*», BKiQa, to spring up, gush forth, bubble. — 
Allied to ^B\6u>, fBAcw, and 4>Ava;. 

BAwC^bs, * shooting up, tall-growing', Ldd. — K, 

BAwjubs, a mouthful of bread. — Allied to BAw0p^s, 
tall-growing; fBAcJo), to grow. < Making the mouth 
protuberant:' Lenn. So BA^w is ^ to be hran-fuii* 
(Dnn.) agreeing with mouth-/ttt 

BKdiKTKa : in \BK6a, 

B({a|, B»(, * a fish, called from the sound it makes t 
box!' Ldd. 

Bodfitf, to bellow, roar, shout out—' Prob. imitative :' 
Dnn. Of the sound booo, (2) B. jSoSs, jSobs, an ox. 

Bo€^s, thong of an ox-hide. — B. fiovs, $o6s. 

BoTidfw, to assist, defend, repel attack.— -B. /3o^, 
S^4a> : To run to a noise or cry. So Bori'^pofi4of. 'Ad 
ckmorem hominum millia yl convenerunt': Csbs. 
' ConcKr^u ad clamorem facto :' Liv. ' On all sides to 
his aid was run :* Milt 

B60pos, BdeHvoSj ditch, trench. — Allied to BdOos, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



• Boi, hah I haugh!~-^ from the Bound. 
B6\ea, the Latin Vtdva. 

BoXSlrtovt -Siof', a small kind of cattle-fish, ' called 
from its smell :' Ldd.: i.e. from 

B6\€nov, B6\iT0Vy filth, dung.—- R. ^$o\4w : Be-jicn- 
lum, Be-fuse. Compare 

Bo\€hs, bnlbouB root, bulb. — 'Akin, or deriv., is B6\' 
£a, and Lat voloOj from the folding layers of the onion :* 
Dnn. Saj from foAa from IXAw, to roll : If oAf a. (2) 
R fi3oA^», to shoot out, as in BAoordfiw. BoA^bs, 

fBoA^ctf : allied to B(£aa». 

BoAlr, a missile, bolt (sent in), plummet (sent down), 
a cast, &c. — Above. 

B6\trov : in B6\€tT0V, 

BSXofuu, the same as Boi^Aofuu. 

BofiiaXoSofiSh^, exclam. of wonder or mockery. — 
' R. $6fiJ8os : Hurly-burly : ' Dr. Jones. ' Formed like 
BaSal, Ba§aia|:' Voss. 

BdfiSos^ hum, buzz, murmur. — 'Imitation of tlie 
sound :' Dnn. (2) Allied to BefxSt}^, 

Bofi€{tKioSj bumble-bee; — gnat: BofiSvXls, bubble 
making a nobe : B6fi6v\oSy vessel with narrow mouth, 
from its hum when liquids are poured into it. — Above. 

B6fi€v^f a flute, — the wind-pipe of birds, — a wasp : 
from Bdfiios. — Also a silk- worm, and the silk. Vosse 
and Gataker think that in this sense the word is East- 
em. Certainly its spinning seems to produce no P6ia^ 
60s. It may be allied to B^/ifi}|, a whirlmg. Thus 
there is not only vEfupts (a blister) but irOfKpds. 

B6va<Tos, a kind of wild ox. — * Perh. from jfiovhs^ 
fiowhSf a hill :' Lenn. See BdAo/uox. Or for Bo^ao-os. 
See Bowds. 

Bopa, food.—' B. f/Sc^w, to feed. And Hebr. bardh is, 
he ate :' Mrt 

B6p€opoi, dung, slime, mire. — Redupl. (compare 
Bdpeapos,) 'from /Sopck, food :' Schleusn.: Food reduced 
to excrement. So Dr. Jones, and Mrt who adds : 'Arab. 
bar is dung.' 

BopSop^coj to rumble as the intestines.— From the 
sound as $6p, 06p^ as KopKopifu from Khp Khp, and 
KapKolpw, (2) Mrt. from B6p€opos, 

Bop4aSj the North wind.— « As AolAaif^, a hurricane, 
from AcfffTw, i|/w, to lick up, so Bop^as from fiophs^ vo- 
racious. So Lucan of the sea : ' Omnia pontus Haurit 
saxa roTfluc.' Milton : ' Boreas and Gscias .... rend the 
woods and seas upturn.' (2) Pkh. from iSof ^e» : ' It 
usually flows with violence and noise:' Ewing. (S) 
' Buss, borioj storm and tempest :' Webst ' Hebr. 60- 
nuickj rapidity:' Heins. 

B6<rTpvxoSf tendril or cluster ^pUev of grapes : — 
ringlet of hair or in clusters, as Epigr., fi&rpvv Kdfirjs. 
a, as \42xVt ftSxo»', Lat. feStfica. 

Bordvrjy herb, fodder. And Bor^p, a shepherd. — R. 

BSrpvs, a grape. — From Ttnhsj drinkable, as IIAa- 
iapbt and BhoJSapdSj Bibo from Iliu, Compare in 

meaning Poma from II^i/tMu Ovid speaks of the ' pres- 
806 Uqu&rei ' of the grapes. 

Bov-, largely, very.— As a Bovs, ox, like our Horse 
in Horse-laugh, Horse-chestnut. So Bull-finch. 

BovtfaAos, a bu&lo.^ R. /Sovs, an ox. Gomp. &p^- 

BovjSI^, the groin : and a hiAo, swelling in it — Dr. 
Grant by redupl. from Hebr. (o, to swell ; yet let us not 
say with him, from the tumor, but the groin itself. We 
hear of ' the femoral airch*: and Groin in building is ' an 
angular curve' (Enc. Br.). But then why not from 
f/Bwi', ^fidMv, ficuvuy Le. i^yet-fialvWf aa in Bnfw., 
BvfiiSf &c. 

BottKovduj to blow the BvKdnii trumpet O as j^v. 
yirnpy aOMpioy from Sudarium, ciA^AOu^o. 

BovKoA^M, to pasture cattle, — tend, cherish, en- 
courage, beguile, deceive ; ^AoS/mu, to roam about like 
cattle pasturing. — From 

Bovk6\os^ a feeder of cattle: — gad-fly feeding on 
cattle.— R. /3oM, Kd\ov, food. (2) B. fiovs ; ic^AAv, 
K^fcoAa, to drive. 

BovKos, BovKcuos, * a oow-herd, one who ploughs with 
oxen : from $ovs :' Dnn. 

Boi/A^, counsel, design.— For j8oAJ>, (as our moun- 
tain,) from f j8oA€«, to cast in the mind. ' BifAAfo in 
your mind', says Homer : * But now the gods i€d\oirro 
otherwise': 'Let no one /3aAA<$/ACf«s, casting his mind 
on, the spoils, remain behind.* *£»' ifumnov fia\6fi€' 
vos %irpf)^a^ Herod. "Xwi^dKov vphs iAA^Aouj, \4yop- 
Tfs, Acts 4. 15. (2) ' Slavon. volia:' Wbst 

Boi\ofiau, B6koixMt to wish. — As BovA^, from f/3o- 
\4wf to cast the mind upon. So ^m~fidW6fi€yos is 
*Eti8uju«v, SchoL II. f. 68. So*'le/4oi b to desire, from 
"Irifii. (2) ' Germ, wollen, Lat volo :' Wbst 

Bovvhsj a mound, hill. — Usually derived from fialvot, 
iwa-ficdvat to go up, as B^/ia, Bcofihs, Sec, For ^fiovhs, 
(See in B6vaffoSj) the T as in /3oTA^. Thus fiOdpos is 
allied to $A0O5, Hesych. explains Bouvol by Bto/utL 
(2) * Eustath. rejects it as a foreign and barbarous word, 
from Libya or Africa, and Herodotus says it was a word 
of the Cyreneans:* Sturz. (3) Ben in Benlomond, 

BoOs, fiohsj an ox, cow ; — ox-hide,— money stamped 
with an ox. — R. ^o& : or imitated from the sound, 

Bo^Tvpdy, ' cows' cheese as distinguished from goats' 
or ewes', butter*: Dnn.: fiovs, rvp6s, 

^B6wf BSiTKWf to feed cattle, nourish. — ' Lat. /kuco .* 
both perh. from fllaw:' Dnn. Thus: fncfw, ^U6a>, 
^B6w, Allied too to B^, 'to stuff up, fill quite full :' 
(Dnn.) Compare M^ and M^os. (2) To tend 
B^ oxen and cows. 

BpaSthsj umpire at the games ; BpaitioVj reward of 
victory. — R. fidpos, 'dignity of character, influence or 
authority': (Dnn.) Then, as ' from To^a<ro'» was Td- 
paSos or Tdp€os\ (Dnn.) so from Bdpos was fBopa^cvs 
or BpaSfis, See the senses of IlpiaSvs, (2) As *Pa€- 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



iovxos has this sense, some sapposef^o^Sf^s, f^affcirs, 
(as our plaMBer is pronounced plaMMer,) transp. jSpa- 
Sebs, much as Mop<pit, * Forma/ and as Bpe^f Bos 
derives from ^4p€w. 

BpdyxiA^ gills serving for the Bp^yxos* And 

Bpdyxos, hoarseness of the Bp6rYx°^* "^^is and the 
above show an alliance to Bp6yxos. Note that Bev€i»v 
means both the groin and a swelling in it. 

Bpaihs, slow. — * Akin t^fiapvs :' Dnn. Baphs^ 0patsy 
fipaAvSf as proDest, proDit. Or fiaphsy fBapdQiDf f /3apa- 
5uf . Compare ApAAOX Or fiaphs, ficiplihs, tardus, 
as HhAofiai. 

Bpd(w, to boil, ferment : and Bpdaa-w, to shake vio- 
lently, winnow, throw up, boil.— « As ^ov, Bp6Jiov ^.80 
pdaato, Bpouran, to dash violently, burst Compare Bpd- 
X»- (2) As Bi€d(wy so fiapvs, "ffiapdCa, fipd(o>, to 
treat heavily, push with violence, agitate, like Xtv<p€?d(w. 
(S) Ldd. compares Germ, brameny our brew, 

BPAKAI, breeches worn by the Gauls : * a word com- 
mon to the Sarmatiuns, Saxons, Irish, Dutch, Danish, 
Fi-ench :* Wbst. 

BpdxTfy plnr. in Theocr. 28. 11, 'costly female gar- 
ments', says Dnn.; but my Latin Version makes it 
braccasj as above. See however on 'Piryor and 'P^of . 

Bpaa-fjAsy earthquake : from 

Bpdcrau : in Bpa^». 

BpaxltoVj the arm, — shoulder. — *R. $paxOs. Prop, 
the shorter part from the shoulder to the elbow :' Pkh., 
Mrt., &c. ' Festus says, because the distance from the 
shoulder to the hands is shorter than that from the hip 
to the feet But it was prop, said of the bone between 
the joints of the shoulder-blade and the elbow : that 
bone is short, partic. if compared with that of the thigh 
which corresponds with it. For, as the hands to the feet, 
the lacertus to the tibia, the elbow to the knee, so the 
brackium is to the thigh :' Voss. (2) Tooke from 
Goth, braky to break; the arm being broken at the 
joints. Or say, B is prefixed to pdfftru, IpPAXA, * to 
divide, sever:' (Dnn.) allied to ^ffffw^ pityvvfUy to 
break. As p6lov, Bp69ov. See the next 

BpaxhSf short.-—' R. $pdff<ru, [fitSpaxa,] Mo], pre- 
fix to pd(T<ro9y to tear into small bits, curtail:' Dnn. 
* Bpdffarw is to burst out violently : Bpaxifs, with a burst, 
sudden :' Lenn. * So Bepens, sudden, from ^eirw, verge:' 
VosiB. (2) Or R. fipdxvy to go o£f in a crash : Sudden, 
of short duration. So ChaldL perachj fregit, is com- 

Bpaxw> to crash, rattle, clash, roar. — From the sound, 
as our BREAK. (2) For pdxv from ^<rw, ^^^axs 
as poSojf, %>($8ov. (3) *Hebr. brek, to send forth light- 
ning :' Wr. 

BpiyfUL, the part above the forehead. — R. /3p€x«, 
fit€p€yfiai : As soft and moist in infiEmts, long in har- 

BpeKtKeK^^, sound to imitate the croakii^ of frogs. 
So K6o^ and Latin Coaxo. 

Bp4fiUf to rustle or roar, rage. — B. $apbs, ^p4w, 

"ffip^Wf then as Tp4c9y Tp4fjtu : — $ap4w being here* to 
press down or on heavily, make a heavy noise.' So Bpi- 
fidofjuu. Thus Bap^-KTvwoSj &c (2) From the sound. 

BpiyOos, * some water-bird of a stately bearing : hence 
a haughty carriage; Bptvd6ofjMtj to swagger,' Ldd.: — 
and, as Steph. thinks. ' the same as Bpdfiu, am indignant, 
threaten.' Then R. fipdfiw, iepifidriv, for softness ifip4v. 
eriVy as N in fipoNr-fi, — Or, as UfvOos, ndSos ; B4y0os, 
Bddos, so Bptveosy fBpddos, i. e. jBdpaBos as M^a0os, 
from fiapbsy * grave, dignified ' (Dnn.). 

Bp4Tas, an image, thought to be for Bp6ras (as 7OW, ' 
gEnu ; tOsta, t£sU ; fiO\4u, fiEKos ; our brOther, 
brEthren,) from $pot6s: *An image of a God in the 
form of a man :' Casaub. and Heins. Compare *Ay^pias 
from &v^p6s. We say To render homage to, from homo, 
(2) ' Celt, brithj painted : whence the Britons :' Dr. 

Bp4(poSy an embryo; — new-bom babe, babe. — R. 
ffip4ta, (as in Bp^/uw,) allied to jSpiJw whence "Efi-fipvov, 
an embrya So ir^^os, V4^s. (2) * Transp. from ^€p- 
€os from <p4p€uyto nourish :' Bos. Much as Mop^ Forma. 

Bpe'xw, to wet.— R. ^fiap4w, ^fip4<», (as in Bp4fjM,) 
to weigh down, sink down i.e. in water. See Bddrrw. 
(2) B prefixed iEol. to ^^a;/to (make to) flow, as ^ou, 

Bp^ffUf to spit up with a violent commotion.— -Al- 
lied to Bpd<ra-»f Bpd((i> * to be affected with violent com- 
motion :' Dnn. (2) R. piiffffWf to burst : B as above. 

Bpi — , for BpiBif, heavily. 

Bpiduy to make or to be strong and mighty. Bptaphs, 
strong. — * The same origin as Bpl0» :' Dnn. 

Bpr^o), to be drowsy, i.e. heavy with sleep. — 'Akin to 
Bpieco :' Dnn. (2) As full of jSop^, food : ^0opl(w, 

BpiBof, to be heavy laden, pi'ess down, — to be of weight 
or importance, prevail. — 'Akin to Bdpos, Bapvda :' Dnn. 
Bpidw, BplCuy BpiBwy are from ^fiapito, f/Sptw, as Tcipw, 
T€p», fTeptw, frpfw, Trwiy TpiSa, 

BplK€\os, a tragic mask. — * According, to Hesych. for 
$pOTV rficeXos [or IfweAos] ?' Ldd. Bpor-UfKos, Bpi- 
KcAor, as Funeralis, Feralis. 

BpifiTi, force, violence, rage, menace.— Allied to Bp<^ 
and Bp4fM. 

BptfiUf Hecate. — The mighty one : Above. 

BpiyxoSf the throat, gullet, windpipe, gulp. — * Bpdry- 
Xos and Bpiyxos from ^cTX^i to snore, B for the aspi- 
rate,' Dnn., as ^S^ov, Bp&ov, (2) Bp6x'Bos is the same, 
and *Apa-$p6xM is to swallow ; so all from "ffipdw to 
devour, which English word is explained (inter alia) to 
' swallow up ' by Dr. Johnson, r is added to Bpc^yx^^ 
as to XoTx^''^* C) ^P^X^^ to swallow, from jSp^x^ ' 
To wet the throat. We say To wet the whistle. 

Bpofilos, Bacchus.— From 

Bp6fju)s, noise : fip4fM. 

BpoPT^j thunder. — ' R. $p4fuo :' Dnn. i.e. fiiepofiru, 

BpoT^s, a mortal, man. Sallust : * Multos mortaJes 
captoB.' — Ellendt for juporbs (see in BAc^,) for ftoprbs, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



from fidpost Lat. mors, (2) As Bp^ov for ^SSoVy so 
for ^orhsy from peto: ^ Fluxus^ caducus': Damm. (S) 
R. fjSpiJetf, $p<&<rKo>f to devour: A food for worms. 
Compare ©i^t^s, a mortal. — Eren actively, as Horace : 
* Qaicumque terrse munere vescimurj 

Bp&roSt gore. — *Damm. for^rhs, from ^A», to flow:' 
Dnn. ' Gore is blood effused from the body:' Dr. Johns. 

BpovKoSy -X<'*j a locust without wings. — B. ^Pp6a», 
fipdMrxw, to devour. 

Bpoxi, wet : ^pex»- 

Bp6x^05 1 in Bp<$7x<'^> 

Bpoxis, * from /3p€x« ; an inkhom :* Ldd. * A vessel 
for watering :' Dnn. 

Bpox^s, a noose, partic. one for strangling the Bp<$x- 
Oos throat. These words then maj seem allied. Thus 
Bov^i^y is not only the groin, but an affection of it : 
Twpbs not only cheese, but the cheese-market : &c. 
Bpox^s might perhaps have prim, meant Bpdx^^^> 
which see. (a) Valck. from bp^X^i jBcjSpoxa : * Lo- 
rum macerdtum\ well soaked. 

f Bp<$x» : See iu Bp6yxos, 

fBpoci), Bp<6o-K<», to eat. — R. /Sopcb, fiSopew, j$p6to : 
To take food. (2) Allied to Bp^fcev, Bpi^x^^. 

BpO, BpDv, words imitative of the sound of infants 
asking for drink. 

Bpvd(wy to burst forth, as BpiJoi : And to burst into 
joy, to be jolly. 

Bpvyfihs, gnashing of teeth : from 

Bp^KUf, to bite, eat, — bite or gnash the teeth. — Dnn. 
and others ally it to Bp^x^i ^^ gnash with the teeth. 

(2) Mrt. from j3op&, food : f jSopvKtf, fipvKWj to take 
food. Or allied to ^Bp6a>, BpdaKa, 

BptJAAw, to call for fipv. As TpD, TpiJMoj. 

Bp^l, /3pvx^s, the depths of the sea ; from ^p<rx^' 

BptJof, mossy sea- weed. — The participle of jSpww: 

Bp^rea^ refuse of olives after bruising.—- R. i3pt;», to 
spring out, burst. (2) R. jSpt^rrv, to gnash with the 
teeth, like Bpf^Kw, Bp^x^j ^^^ ^^ suppose to bruise. 

(3) As ^<J5ov, Bp6BoVy from ^tJ«, /Sew, to flow, ^vT6y. 
Bpiroy^ a kind of beer. — Derived like Bp^tr^a, (2) 

Allied to our BREW, and BRUISE. 

Bpvx^ThSf chattering of teeth, ague : /Spi&x^* 

Bpix^oSy ' from the depths fipvx^s of the sea : — deep 
in sound :' Ldd. See BpO{. 

Bpt^X^) * to roar loudly, howl, — chafe, gnash with the 
teeth : — perh. imitation of the sound:' Dnn. and Pkh. 
Like our BREAK, and Gr. BPAXH. Dnn. elsewhere 
allies it to p^C^, to snarl : B as BpdSov. (2) R. /3ptW, to 
bubble up. Said of the sea. (3) R. $apbs, as in Bapv- 
-KTVTTos, &c. As Bapwofy so fBopt/Kw, BpvKCD and 

Bpi^, to teem, swell, burst forth, overflow, be full of. 
—* Allied to B\<5(tf, *AjJ«, Flw> :' Ldd. (2) Baphs, 
fiapvOoo, through f j8apt(c0, i^p{m : To be heavily laden. 
See BpWo). (3) * Hebr. bur, a well :' Wr. 

Bpcp/xo, food ; — a feeding ulcer. — R. f/Sprfw. 

Bpvfidofuu, * to bray like an ass calling for food : hence 
they say from fipSafio, but R. from fip^iue, fip6fios :' Dun. 

Bpvfios, a stink. — Jones from fipQ/xa, * the food of 
carnivorous birds', carrion, ' that which has been eaten', 
(Dnn.) (2) Bat, as it is prop, said ^ of beasts at rut', 
(Ldd.) and * rut' is (says Roquefort) the French ruit, 
Lat. rugltus, and (says Serenius) from Su. Goth, ryta, 
Lat. rugire, so $p»fios from fipwfidofmi, rugio. (3) R. 
3ap^> ^C^t &(rfuu, &fiau (see im'A-wros 2.) : Lat, grave- 

Bp^Kv I in fBpdw. 

B6as, Bv^o, an owl : From its sound $h ^^ whence 
Lat bubo. So B«)^ to hoot. 

BvfiXos: inB^fAos. 

Bvdhs, depth ; iBol. of Bddof , and allied to B^pof. 

BvKdvrij a trumpet.— R. jSiW, jSc^vKa: As filling the 
bucca mouth. 

BvKTTis, a wind filling the sail, blustering.— As above: 

Bhn/i, 'malt preparing for beer; from $vw to swell :' 
Dnn.: prop, to stutf full, swell out. — And the sea, from 
its swelling waves. * Flucttisqne tumentes ;' Virg. 

Bvp<ra, the raw hide, skin, — purse. — As Qvpaos 
from ;&tJ», (Dnn.) so B^pera from $w», * to cover', (Dnn.): 
The cover of the animal. (2) * Hebr. PRJS, to sever 
i.e. from the body:' Pkh. (3) Our purse. Ft. bourse, 
Ital. borsa. Germ, borse, &c. 

Bvafjia, a plug : fiiw. 

BviTffhs, depth, bottom. — ^Allied to Bv0b5, BdBos, B6' 
Bpos. (2) R. j9i/w, to stuff down. 

BT2502, fine flax.—* Hebr. botz ;* Mrt. 

BvcTTol : the same as MMO-Taf. 

BTn, MTH, (as B^to| and M^<rTo|,) fHTn, 
(whence IIvKtiC^, TLvKvhs^ Bv(oo, Bvviw, to cram, stuff 
full, cover. — All Primitives, perhaps from the sound Mw 
and the cognate Bv, IIv, uttered with closed lips. So of 
Mtio; say Damm and'Passow. 

BSaKos, a clod, lump. — *R very prob. fiiXXta: ' Dnn.: 
i.e. fjSoAea: I suppose as in Xenophon: *n$ /3cUai 76 
ravrri if ^\(p dvcAc^r. — Or as a casting up. * Cast 
her up as heaps ;' Jer. 50. 26. (2) R. -ffidtc, ^fido\o5, 
fiaKos, (as ^Xdco, Xd(Q9, "fXAopos, Xojpos,) for aya'0du, 
as in Bij/jLa, BuptSs, A slight rising. 

Bc^Moi, Bmfio-7\j6xo^i one who frequents fioDfiohs altars 
where sacrifices are offered, to steal some, or get some by 
begging or by low buffooneiy ; — a parasite. * Heus tu! 
qui fana ventris caus& circumis : ' Plant. 

BcDtibs, *■ a raised place whereon to place a thing, 
a stand, as Bduris, Ba9fi6s : mostly, an altar ; — a fane- 
ral barrow : ' Ldd. f B^, ^fiaofibs, JSw/a^s, i. e. ^a-fidoo : 
Ah ascent, *Ayd-$aais. So Brjfia, (2) * Hebr. bamah, 
high :' Mrt. As in Ezek. 20. 29. 

Bctf| : in B<$a|. 

Bais, bos, Mo\. of BoCy. 

Baxrrpcw, to shout out. — R. fioAut fioaoypWf as 
f *£A(£etf, 'EAourrpea; ; KaAe», KoAurrpco). 

B«5twp, a herdsman. — R. jSwj, or ffidu, •\fi4€»Tat, 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



Ta, Doric for Tc. 

rarywrns, (gogat, gaat^') jet — From the Lycian river 
Gages. (Strab. xvi.), 
ra77o\if«, to excite laughing by tickUng."^ R t7<^» 

JX^, [as Tayu^s and Ka/u^iJsJ': Dnn. Allied to :Sx<i- 
w, to scarify ; Xapaurcta, to indent : 2ic<iirT», to dig, as 
Fodico from Fodio. Now, as Ilv/mjs, ni/icraX^^w, so 
from t7^j redupl. t7oy7«^> is yayya\i(u» (Z) Allied 
to Ka7xaAa(ii;. 

raryyaKiov, rdyyXiov^ a tamor under the skin, on or 
near tendons or sinews. — Fednpl. as raYya\i(u, rdy- 
ypaivoj from t7"»> whence yavahs bent, f7(i/*irT«, ^o/*- 
i^^n;;, a bend, curvature. See in TafiilfOs. 

Tceyydfiriy a small round net.— ''The Etym. M. from 
ydoff [yiyafjMi,'] capio :' Mrt. Thus : r4«, f'/ceyydu, 
yaryydfiii. See on Taxn-(\p. — Or even from its x'^t""-''^^ 
cavities or meshes. (2) Junes from Arab, gainu, to 
collect. (3) Dnn. from the ancient form of T, gamma, 

TdyypatyOf a gangrene. — Redupl. of ypdta, ypalvuj 
to eat, consume. * Their word will eat aa a canker :' 
2 Tim. 2. 17. 

TAZA, treasury, treasure : — sum of money. — * Jerome 
says that rd(a is Persian, and Curtius that the Persians 
called the royal treasure gaza :' Pkh. (2) R. ydwy to 
hold, contain, as Md(a, *6(aj xei(d. 

Tata, r«o, r^, earth, land. — K. ^ydu^ 7^00, to ge- 
nerate, produce. Or ^ydto, capio, to hold, contain. See 
X&pos. (a) ' Hebr. gia, a valley :* Wr. 

Tcutrhs, a javelin. — R. ydu, capio : Taken or held in 
the hand. As "£7x05 from Ix^* ^ ^oi*"^! l>^c BAcu- 

Tcdof, to exult, rejoice in, to be proud of. — Allied to 
rdifos gaiety, Frideu to rejoice, XaifM to rejoice, and 
from yd(Of the same as tx<^t X^^^i * to stand open,', 
(Dnn.) opposed to the contraction of the countenance 
in sorrow. Thus Horace: ^ Explicuit vino cofUracia 
seria mentis.' Terence : ^Exporge frontem.' And ^por- 
recta frons* is explained by Forcellini 'joyful.' More- 
over, Xali^oo^ to open the mouth wide (in laughter) may 
be noticed : See in Ka7X(iC^. (2) * Hebr. gaah^ to be 
proud :' Mrt (3) Our gag, * Celt. gae. And Icel. gae 
is joy :* Todd. 

^d^M, oKTos, milk. — Tzetzes on Lycophron explains 
Tdyos by TdKa, and Fdvos is * splendor, brilliancy', 
(Dnn.) and ravdw ' to shine '. These words then are 
allied, and also KoAbs, beautiful, and *A-yd\Kia, from 
which Thiersch deduces TeUo. Compare ra\tphs and 
ToKilvri, fPciw, r<(Aa, as ^Xdxa, Xa\dM. (Z) ' Hebr. 
gulf sucking :' Mrt 

ra\fpbsy cheerful, serene. — Allied to 

ToA^i^, sereneness, serenity, calnmess. — Like Et- 
p^vi) : and allied to Tdvos, brightness, beauty, through 

Td\a which see, and to KaX2»f, beautiful : When the 
sky is bright and fair. All compare reAow* to laugh : 
and see •A-7cJaAw. (a) Our gala, * Span, finery, Ital. 
mirth', (Todd,) seems allied. 

TAAAOI, eunuch-priests of Cybele. — 'From the 
Phrygian river GaUos ;' Ldd. 

rAAOfiS, rd\us, a husband's sister. — Thought to 
be fix)m Hebr. gtUa^ a relative. (2) R. ^ydw, i.e. 
(Tvy-y epiis. Or 7(iAa, i.e. dfio-ydKaicroSj ' nursed with 
the same milk, of the same family', (Dnn.). ? 

Tafi€phst son-in-law, brother-in-law, father-in-law. — 
R ydfioSf ^yofAfphs, yafjLp6s, B, as in fitajifiBpla, 

PAMMA, gamma. Hebr. gimel 

Tdfios, marriage.— R iydu, f7€7a/*oi, 7^700, to ge- 
nerat/e. So Matrimony from Mater, Matris. (2) R 
f7«ift>, yalto, to exult, rejoice. (3) Thiersch compares 
'Germ. hriutX-GAAf, betrothed to the bride.' (4) 
* Hebr. gamOf to unite :' Wr. 

Fo/i^xil, the talons, jaws. And 

r<ifii^hSf bent — Allied to Kofjo^s, bent , Kd/xirrw, to 
bend, turn, and rydfjurrtt. And all allied to ravtrhs^ 
bent ; Kafidpa^ an arch ; to Xda-fia a cavity ; to Kv^w, 
Kvap, 'words implying hoUowness and roundness,' 
(Dnn.); FiiaAov, a hollow; Tvphs, round, curved. In 
short, they proceed from 7^*, "fyiKu, capio : hollows or 
curves holding and containing. (2) Allied to Fe/Mtf, 
to be laden, i.e. bend down with weight (3) ' Hebr. 
capkf curve :* Mrt 

Fai'os, brightness, beauty, gaiety, delight, exultation. 

— Rf 7c(«, 7o(a>, which see. 

Tap J for, because, so, then.— -For yt ttpy as Tovv is 
7* odv. 

rapyaipWf to be full, abound.— As ^^, if^aZ/xu, so 
ydoty ^yodpw, yapyalpw, like Mapficdpv: ydu, capio, 
to hold, contain, being allied to f7^c», 76/uw, to be full. 
We say. It holds a good deal, It's very capacious. (2) 
From Gargara, the top of Mount Ida, ' abounding with 
such fertility towards Mysia, that,if we denote an in- 
finite number, we liken it to the productions of Gargara :' 
Macrob, * Ipsa suas mirantur Gargara messes :' Virg. 

— But the reverse seems true. 

Tapya\l(uj the same as Fa77aA/^c0. Here Fop- like 
Aap- in AapSdTrru. So KvFKapdta. 

Tapyapf&tVt the uvula, gullet, throat — Like Fap- 
yaipofj from the capacioiuness of the throat, hs Ad^vy^ 
from f A<£«, AajSctf. (2) Lenn. from the sound yap yap 
made by the throat, aa in rapyapl(<a, (3) ' Hebr. gar» 
gerahj the throat :' Mrt. 

rapyapi(a)f to gargle.— ' Imitation of the sound': 
Dnn., i.e. 7op yap. 

rdpoVf a pickle made from a fiah called FAP02. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



rooT^p, the pannch, belly.—* R. y^yairrauj from fy^' 
(», X^C^t to contain :' Valck. See rAu. 

rcw\hs, a milk-pail, batter-churn, bucket, bee-hive, 
* a Phenician trading-vessel with a capacious round hold, 
from its form :' Dnn.— B. yd\a, nnilk. (a) B. ydu to 
take, hold, as being Capacious. See TaaT-fip, In form 
like A{t\6s: 

FavpoSj exulting, proud. — Allied to Taiu. 

TavffdmiSy a shaggy woollen cloth. — Dnn. allies this 
to Tavtrh?^ FofA^Ss : Tortuous, and so rugged. 

Tavahsj bent, crooked. —* Allied to Vofvlfds:* Dnn. 
Whieh see. 

TAn, frEn, frrn, and fKAn, KTH, and fXAft, 
XaivWj XEH, &c., to stand open or hollow, — and so to 
receive, to hold. Primitive words. Valck.. says : * Fdoo 
will not be found in the Lexicons : but it is thrice no- 
ticed by the Etym. M., and explained KufiSdveo, 5^xoA*o'« 
When X was introduced, they began to write it Xciw.' 

rd(o, from the above meanings, easily took that of ge- 
nerating or begetting. Thus its likeness Kj}« is * prop, 
to contain, receive, have within, hence to conceive, be 
pregnant :' Dnn. Or ydu is even to open, as above : 
So * aperire partus,' Hor., * to open the womb :* 0. T. 

Ft, ra Dor., n Att, strongly affirms, assuredly, cer- 
tainly. ''E7a;-7€, I assuredly, I for my part, I at least.— 
Dunbar: * Te is from t*)*'**? !''**'» [***)■"">] to lay down, 
and is emphatical.' As Positively from Pono, Positum. 
(a) From "fydw, fyfotj yeyaa^ yflvofiai, ylpofiou^ to be : 
answering to "Oyrws from part, dvros : Really, in fact. 

Tea, the same as roua. 

r^yeios, earth-bom, as Fri-y €viis. — R. 7y, tr***? 7*^- But Dnn. from y^a redupl. 

riy tDva, to speak loud or audibly. — Steph. for yeyvua, 
from 1[yv6w, yiyvdoaKu: I make a person know my 
mind. (2) As f^^i ^«»'«», so fydu, "fywvio), ylyuva^ 
in the sense of tx<^» X*^*'**> ^ open the month wide, as 
Soph., x^i^^^^ heivh ^fiara. Hor. : ' Quid dignum tanto 
feret hie promissor hiatuf\ (3) Tow, f ywyew. (4) 
Ldd. supposes a root TO, Engl. HO. But ? 

PEENNA, Hell. — A Hebrew word, *the valley of 

Tflvofiatf rlyojxcuj to be bom, to be, to become, to be 
done, &c.— R. t7^«, 7<i«, fvefi'w, f ^cv^w,' to generate. 
See the second Fdco, 

FflaoVj TiiffaoVy eaves, coping, margin, lip. — For 
XcTcroi/, (much as Tafv^hs and Kojuij^^s,) from x««, X^^^* 
to let iall, pour : as Eaves are explained ' the part of the 
roof from which rain water drops ;' Todd, (a) R.f yiw, 
(as in rdfUDj') yda^ capio, excipio : as received into the 
roof. Thus AoKOf from ^^xofuu is explained by Pkh. 
' a beam received at its ends into another piece of timber.' 
(3) * A Carian word :' Ruhnk. 

rflrwv, a neighbour. — R. y4a, ytirav : Of the same 
land, country, city (in Tragedy). So Vicus, Viclnus. 
So Popularis is one who lives in the same district. * Tri- 
bulis noster,' Ten * Thy neighbour's L AND-mark : ' 
0. T. (a) ' Hebr. chetetif near relation :' Wr. 

rcXcurTyoi, the front teeth, made visible by laughing ; 
— dimples in laughing. — From 

Tehdccj to be gay and cheerful, laugh. — Allied to 
TaKtpdi and PoA^io;, which see. So /SAXAw, iSE- 
\os; irAAAw, TEK€fil(a; jSSAAActf, fiSZWa, (2) R. 
€KVt brightness, as rtdey for t0tv, (3) ' Cha\d. gelah, 
to shine : Mrt. * Hebr. gd^ to exult for joy :' Wr. 

r^A7€o, small wares, frippery, sweetmeats. — R. 7«A7w, 
which means to tinge or color, allied to PcAaw to be gay, 
*AydWv to adom, roAe/xJy, &c. (2) R. lArj, frcAT/, 
brightness, as above. 

r4fJuo; to be filled or full. — R. "fy^u, yaw, as Tp««, 
Tp4fiw ; to receive, hold : to be capacious, hold much. 
See rapyaipat, (2) * Hebr. gem, to be full :* Wr. 

Pcfcck, Fcwa, T4vos, race, generation. — See in FflvO' 
flat. (2) Ghald. genaia. San^^kr. janu. 

Tkvtiiis, the beard on the yiw chin. See on 'Ai'06- 


FeyyouoSf of good y4vya birth, noble. As Generis, 
Generosus. See Fefcdf. 

r(vvdu>y ^rtpcofj to beget : in TtlvoficU' 

Fe'i/Ta, entrails. For yiirrepa, * 'Ei^bs, within, |y- 
T€pa : the F ^olic :' Dnn. Somewhat as %div, T4dtv, 

rivTo, he took. — As tjNOov Dor. for ijAflov, so IXero, 
cAto, INto, and FeWo, as iBtv, Fedey, (Z) R. ydu, 
f 7e«, to take. 

T4yvy r4ws, FeVciof, * the upper jaw, but usu. the 
chin, — also the cheek :' Ldd. *The beard, — an edge, 
— th? edge of an axe, — an axe :' Dnn. — R. \ytv4(c : 
as generating the beard. — Or as curved, like r6vv, 
the knee, which see. The meaning of the axe Steph. 
thus explains : * Doubtless, because, as the jaw-bone 
breaks to pieces by chewing, so the axe by splitting.* 
(2) Wbst. compares ' chin, SSax. ctnne, GeAa. iknn, and 
the Persian.' 

repdviov, geranium, crane's bill, from FEPAN02, 
a crane. 

Tfpalpa, to honor. — From 

r4paSf gift of honor or reward. — As put in the x^P^ 
hand, much as Frjpvs and Kiipv^. — Or, as Xclp, x^R^Sj 
the hand, is * from x*^"> X*''«'i x4«, to contain,' (Dnn.), 
and as Kcpas, so Fcpas from '\y4w, ydco, to take, i-eceive. ' 
(2) R. y4pwy. As IlpeaSela from Tlp4(r6vs, But the 
reverse seems true. 

Ffpydpa, the same as Topyvpou 

rtpovaria, a senate, as consisting of elderly men. 
R. y4p<av, as from a fem. y4pou(ra, i. e. fiovK-fj : or after 
^{0T5IA, €kOT2IA. So Senex, Senatus. 

FEPPON, any wicker instrument, shield, basket, shed. 
— Q. anything carried in the x^P^ hand, as Habena 
from Habeo, to hold. Compare Fepas, (2) 'Hebr. 
gor, to sojourn. As a shed :' Wr. ? 

r4pa»v, an old man. — Ky^pas: to old men being 
given embassies, magistracies, &c. Compare Senatus from 
Senex, Up^aScia from Ilp4tT6vi. (2) For ye-op&v ; 
760, opduf ; As bent to the eaith and looking at that, 
and not the sky. So Silicernium, an old man, from 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Silices, cerno. (3) Thiersch compares Germ, gar^ 
'what is at an end.' 

rei^w, to make to taste. — B. t7^«^ 7^«, to take ; 
here act. to make to take. So *P^w, fut. p€u<r(e from 

Te^vpa, a bridge. — *Damm from 7*0, <l>4pun as 
giving a passage from bank to bank:* Dnn. — Much 
better from yla, o^, as joining bank to bank ; t*/*^" 
pvpa, like ''A7Ki>pa. — Or, as ij/rf«, i|/a#apbs, so ydco, 
f7^«, to receive, 7€*upo. See Tc^, W/ao;. (Z) *Hebr. 
Kepher^ to cover : a covered pass :' Wright. 

r64>upffw, to jest at. — * There was a Tktpvpa bridge 
between Athens and Eleusis, which as the people passed 
in procession, they had an old costom of abusing whom 
they chose:* Hesych. 

r^: in Tea. 

Tifiiov, a little farm. — R. 7^, after the model of 
BotSiov ; as in TuSEIAHS, &c. : from ^SofMi, to be 
like : ' Like father, like son.' 

ri;0€«, to be glad, rejoice. — R. fyduy f^T^^*'* 7«««- 

T^pas, old age. — Allied to Tipfav, 

riipeioVj ' the feathery substance on seeds, when they 
reach maturity :* Dnn. — Above. 

Tripvs, the voice. — Wright properly refers Xrjpos to 
*obs. x<^\ J'«- X^^P^^' Now, judging from Kiipv^, a 
herald, Trjpvs is the same as "fKripvs orfx^pvs, allied to 
that XVpos, and is from tx<^«> x**"*"* **<> speak or 
utter', Dnn. i.e. open the mouth, xo^^^ fixture producing 
Lat. cano. Compare too Tafi^hs and Ko/xif^i^s. (2) 
* Hebr. garouy the throat : Mrt. 

riyaproVj a grape-stone. — Rednpl. (as TiyvdffKUy 
MifijrfiaKO),) for ^yaprov, allied to XdpT7)s from x^P^' 
(Tw, whence also Kdpxapos, rough, sharp, cutting. 
Much as Fafjolfhs and Koftiffb;, rfjpvs and K'fipv^, 

Tlyasy a giant. — For 7€t7ay, from 7^0, yeya^s^ or 
■|'7eks like fids: answering to 77j-7€y)^s, earth-bom. — 
Some by redupl. from yrj. ? 

riyy\vfjLosj a hinge, — a joint of the body. — From 
the gingling or jingling sound, as Lenn. suggests. (2) 
Allied by redupl. to TAoi^j, slippery, i. e. oiled, greased, 
or as flexible, voluble. (3) R. yK^ipto, yeyXvfifMi. 

rirrPAS, a Phenidan flute of a sad sound. — Mrt. 
says it is prop, said of geese, from the eastern gagvr a 
goose. Curiously Gingrio Lat. is to cackle as a goose. 

riyvofxcuy rlyofiai: in TflvofMi. fr^*'*"', ^yiyhte, 
ylyva>, gigno. So f II^tw, jntireTO), nfirrw. 

riyvdsffKWy Tiv<&<rKWf f ri/dw, yv^au^ to perceive, no- 
tice, understand, know. — Redupl. from yvtHarKw, (as 
MifJLjrficKUf) from vo4cOj vou^ v^ku, as ^dca, 4>c6aKa). 
Then yvdnrKaj and yv&fUj as TvSipos, Thovnos. 

Tlvofuxif for rlyvofjuu or Ffiyofiai. 

TKayos, milk. — B. 7clAa, and •\yd\ayos, fydXa^, 
g. yd^oKTOi. 

r\andQf, TA^fw?, *Att. [* Doric,' Dnn.] for Anfida, 
AiifiTI :* Ldd. So rp6<f>0Sj FHoviros. 

FKapls, a sculptor's chisel— Allied to r\d(f>a>. 

TXavKhsj sky-blue, pale-blue, gray. — 'At first prob. 

gleaming, glancing, glaring, silvery, without any notion 
of color:' I.dd. From y\a{Nra'to, (2) R. 7aA.a, as 
rXa7os. Milk-colored. 

r\ah^, -avKoSj an owl. — ' From its glaring eyes, as 
in TKoMKos :' Ldd. 

TXaOffaotj to shine, glitter, glare : — to see, like Au7i£- 
(ofixu. — R. ^Kda> for ytXdiu or f7aAo», whence ToAa- 
poiy ToA^OT?, *A-7rfAA». See TcA^w, raAi7i^. And 
FaW (2) KnightfiomAc£«, fAa«,to see. (S) Our 
glance, gleam, gleen. 

r\d<poi, TAiJcpw, to scrape, hollow, grave, carve. — 'A 
corruption of Fpdtpa :' Ewing. So perh. &ASco, liPBte, 

(2) To smooth, polish, by chiselling, thus allied to 
T\aji(Tau, to shine. See FXapls. (3) ' Chald. gelaphy 
to engrave :' Mrt ' Hebr. gleb, to shave :' Wr. 

r\€VKos, r\€v^iSf T\i^iSj sweet new wine. — Allied to 
r\vk{rs. See in AfvTfpos. 

V\i<papov, Dor. of B\4<l>apov. As Bd\avoif TdXavos, 

TKiivT), pupil of the eye ; and a little girl, as seen in 
the r\iivn, like K6pri. TA^yos, the eye, — a star, — an 
ornament. All from ^Xdeo, yXaCffffu. — Also a honey- 
comb, and the shallow socket of a bone for receiving 
another : here allied to T\d<f>w, to hollow. 

r\ia, TAoi^, glw. From its shiny color. Moxon 
says that ' the driest and the most transparent glue is 
the best' Thus allied to fFAcfw, TXavaaw, T\i\vy\, 
T\avK6s. (2) Many refer to KdAAo, (KAA,) glue. As 
TaAtif'dy, Kafv^6s ? (3) *Russ. kleiy Irish gliu, glgdh, 
Lskt. gluten:' Wbst 

rAtcrxpAs, sticky, clammy, like TAfo, glue: — tena- 
cious, greedy, stingy, quibbling, 

r\ixofJuu, to long for, desire. — From, or allied to, 
r\ia and FKiaxpos for TKixp^Sy (as Ie^X'>^») '» To stick 
to, to be greedy of. 

r\oid : in Fhla, 

T\oid((o, * to wink, cast a side glance in derision : 
ye\oid(a>:' Schneid. — Rather, R. 7Aoio$, cunning. 

TAot^f, anything sticky as TAotcb, glue : as gum, oil- 
lees : adj. clammy, slippery, cunning. 

TAovrds, the rump, buttocks.— Lenn. and Damm 
from 7Aoi^s, slippery, i.e. smooth, polished. As Martial 
has ' Assiduo Ivhricus imbre lapis', so we may say, 'As- 
siduS lubrica sede nates.' Greg, thus : ' Sordida pars 
corporis, k 7Aoi^s sordes* 

r\vKhSf sweet — Allied to T\oi6s : from the viscous- 
ness of sweets and sweet-meats. And to r\tffKp6s, 
sticky. (2) Allied to TAixo/iai : Desirable or ' likable.' 

(3) 'Hebr. CHLK, smooth, bland, agreeable:' Pkh. 
rAu^ij, cleft, notch in the end of an arrow fitting on 

the string, and the arrow ; — pen-knife. — From 

r\i&<pw : in rAo^w. 

rAw0-(ra, rAwTTo, the tongue, — language, — hard 
word in another dialect, — 'a thing shaped like a tongue, 
mouth-piece of a flute, tongue of leather, flute:' Ldd. — 
Allied to rxoids, slippery, i.e. rolling about, 'volubilis.' 
Aristoph. has TKoffffo-arpo^. And allied to 

TAoix^'} beards of com, and 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



rxwx^y, * any projecting point : — the end of the strap 
of the yoke, point of an arrow, the world's end. Allied 
to r\wrffa :' Ldd. TXuacdptov is explained hy GroYC 
' the tip or point' As then the r\wff<ra is pointed, so 
TXj&x^f Aiid r\«>xiv, (a) Lenn. allies it to r\a6<nr»f 
irom the shining of an arrow.point : ' Cospis pollta.' 

TyaBos, TvaBfidSf the jaw, mouth.—* R. Kvdw, [^ic- 
vddriv']:* Dnn.: To grate, yvimm to mangle. As 
Fo/itf/of, lSjnK^6i, (a) A Hied to fTwtw, yviijotrm to 
bend. Homer: Tvafiirrgtri yivwru 

rvdfiirrw, the same as ^rdftirrm (whence To^a^, 
raiMif6s,) and- Ko^irrw. N arbitrarily as T in iiT6\€fMS, 

Fydm-Wf the same as Kv^mtw. 

TyfiffioSf legitimately bom, genuine. — R. t7cW«, or 
yeyvdoty as Genuine fh>m Gigno, Genui. 

TvlpuVj the same as Kyixds, 

Tv^s, the same as Kvc^of. 

TvuBoSj * a pit, hole : allied to Tyd$ot, the jaw :' Ldd. 

rvb^j on the knees : 7(Jw;, ^rfwf , as anc. ffvyai^ : i.e. 

Tv6tL% the mind, the judgment, &c. — From 

Tv&iii ; in Tiyv^Km, 

Tvt&futv, one that knows or examines to know; a 
judge, interpreter; — index of a sun-dial by which we 
know the time; rule or guide of life, ~ a carpenter's 
square. — R. yv&fu. 

Tvupliotf to noake to know. — R. fyv6vj fTvw^r, 

Fodotj to groan. — Steph. and Lenn. from the sound. 
(a) Liddell allies our Go and the Greek Bw, so Todct 
and Bodw may be allied. Thiersch says : ' Root TOA 
connected with BOA.' So r\i<papoVjB\i<l>apov: TdKa- 
yosy Bdkayos. (2) *Hebr. yoee, to low. Prob. both 
imitations of the sound :' Wr. 

royyv^u, to grumble, mutter. — *R. yo&. Or an 
imitative word :' Dnn. * From the sound :' Pkh. (2) 
Tp^C"* t7077pwf<», softly yoyyu(u, 

ToTTtJAos, round. — Redupl. o{'\yv\osj allied to Tv- 
p6s^ round. See FvXlos, (2) *Akin to K6y xoSf Kby- 
P^wAoj:' Dnn. 

roijs, a howler, from yodw, A wizard, ' magical in- 
cantations being uttered in plaintive wailings :' Dnn. 
So Seneca : * Ululntu barbarico magicos cantus occme- 
bat.' Soph. Aj. 578. Isaiah : ' Wizards who peep and 
mutter ;' but espec, 29. 4. 

T6iios^ a freight : R. yifjuu, 

rSfJupioSf a grinder>tooth : i.e. a sort of peg, from 

Tdfiipos, a wedge, nail, peg, &c — * The ancients de- 
rived it from KdfAirrWy kIkoii/^, to bend : ' Damm. 
From the curvature of the nail's head. O, as XKyxAvw^ 
AcAOtx*; /3AAA«, /30A^. (2) For t7<J^oy, as XoM- 
^avw, XdMiffO/iat: from ictfirr6>, k^kw^ as Fa/A^df, 
Kafv^hs ; T^^v; , K^pv|. As knocked and beaten into 
wood, into a wall, &c. 

Tovths, parent; T6yos, ofispring, &c.— R. t7€*'6», 


r^w, gemu^ the knee ; ^— joint of grasses. — Allied to 
Tiyvy the jaw-bone ; Twvia an angle : Kcvds, &c. VAu^ 
to take, receive, (as a curve,) could produce T6w^ as 
frcUtf, to generate, produced Tok^. (2) * Sanskr. jaiMi, 
Sax. cneoto, Germ. knie. As the Saxon means genera- 
tion, it prob. belongs to y^vi^, and is a shoot or pro- 
tuberance :' Wbst. (3) ' Hebr. htno, to bring low :' Wr. 

TopyiAfjUj to speak lUce the Sophist Gorgku, 

FopyoSf quick, prompt, fierce, wild, spirited. — As 
Toatos, r^pTv|, Nrra, so Topy6s for Fopy^Sf hpyhs from 
topytL, to do : Working, prompt to act 

Topyvpiif a dungeon. — 'Prob. allied to KdpKopoy, 
Lat. career:'' Ldd. (2) As in Tofryos, from fyytf, fop' 
ya, fFopyUf cljp7«, to shut up. See above. (3) For 
ywpyvpa : from 7^a, hp^trw, Apvya : A place dug in 
the ground. Informas''A7Kupa. (4) * Hebr gereCf to 
cut stones:' Wr. 

ropyi»f the monster GorgOj from Topy6s. 

Fovy : for 7e oJv, as yiip is 7* &p. 

Fowdsj fertile field, oorn-land.«— Allied to Toi^c^f, &c. 
As our mountain. 

rpoua, an old woman : ytpeud, 

rpdfi/Mf Tpdjufirif &c. : from ypdpotj yiypaufxcu. 

Tpdirts, skin thr«>wn off by reptiles : called by Hesych. 
the yrjpca old age or old skin : i.e. allied to ytpcuds, 
yp<fi6s. Compare the second sense of TpaSf. (2) Mrt 
firom ypdifw : from its furrowed or wrinkled state. 

rPASOS, ' the grease and filth in a sheep's fleece ; — 
odor 'of buck-goats; — and of the armpit:' Dnn. — 
Mrt. allies it to ypavs^ (ypdOsy) scum. (2) Our grecue, 
Fr.graistey UkI. grasso, 

rPA2202, shout of soldiers in beginning the fight. 
(In Plut Apophth.) — Q. from^o-o-w, to dash down ? 
r as in rSot^os, FyS^^s. 

rpdtrriSf grass. — ^R, ypd», yiypaffrcUf to eat 

VpavSf an old woman: ypcua. And rpavs, Fp^us, 
scum in a pot, ' wrinkled like an old woman's skin', 
(St«ph. 2981.). rpoua is also so used. 

Tpd<lHOj to scratch, grave, engrave, grave with a stylus 
or pencil, write, paint— ' rpdu and Xapdaffu ai-e allied, 
and FA<i^«:' Dnn. jXapdw^ ^XP<^a>, ypdwy ypi^u. 
See Xapdaarw, (2) Our grave^ with affinities in Saxon, 
Irish, Welsh, Germ., Dan., Dutch, French. Some add 
the Hebrew and Chaldee : ' Charathy sculpo : ' Mrt. 
'Hebr. chreb, chisel :' Wr. See FAd^«. 

F/Tcfw. to eat — Allied to Tpd^m and Xapdffaw, which 
see. (2) F added to t^(ia>, patw. See Tp7vos, 

Tpfnyopito^ for *E7fnryope«. 

Fpiirof , * a fisherman's net or basket From p\'^f^m6sy 
osier, as made of such materials :' Dnn. As Tplvos is 
^ol. for piv6s, (Eustath.). (2) Ewing compares our 
Gripe^ which has numerous affinities. 

Fpi^os, the same as Tpncoi. Also, a riddle or cap- 
tious question, meant to take one in, as a net 

rp6fi^os, a sow.—' From the sound, like the Scottish 
grumphie:' Ldd. So Mrs. Grtmpk, (2) Allied to 
Tp6<r<pos, which see. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Tp6v6oSy a clenched fist :— projecting part of a step, 
—and used like X€\^vioy from the same caryed form. 
-r-For ^Kp6yOos, R. firpdo), KpoaivWy Kpoia, to knock, 
strike, as Knnckle from Knock. Thus the Fist is ' the 
hand clenched to give a blow:' Dr. J. — F as Tofff^s 
and Kafi^dp^ Fripus and K^pv|. 

rp6v0o>yf < the first lessons in fiale-playing, the po- 
sition of the lips and fingers': Dnn. 'Fingering the 
fiute': Ldd. — Perhaps, as the word TpovBoSt from 
Kpo^ I The flute being gentlj struck with the fingers, 
as Lucretius says of it 'Digitis puUata canentum.* 
(2) For xp^^^^^j from j(p6voi : Lessons to keep time. 
rp<$<r^, a javelin, or its point — For yp6<po>^ (as 
^^Tpvxos,9i2KoSf) from ypd^^ ' to scratch, to wound': 
(Don.) O as irOp8a\(S, fipOx^as, fiOKos from iSAAAw, 
\4\OyXttf and Lat dOmo from hAfuo, 

FpovvoSf a form of Fpvyos, See O in iSOvicdU^ 
Tpv or Tphj * evidently imitative: a grunt, — the 
smallest thing, a jet, tittle :* Dnn. As our Gruntj Latin 
rpi(u^ to grunt : TpvAAos, a pig.—- Above. 
rpvfiaia, a pouch, wallet, sack» — prob. as containing 
Tpvrii. ' Some think that Tpv/xafa, as it was derived 
from TpvT^, retains also its signification :' Steph. For 
FpufMua is thought to mean also the same as Tpvrfi, 
Pet haps ^ypvMii or "fypuMhs was used in the sense of 
rpuT^i, and thence rpvfjLola. Note, that Tvphs is not 
only * cheese', but ' the cheese-market'. And so in 
other words. (Tpvrlfjkrij Fpvfi^, Tpu/Miia.) 

Tpvfiitt, *a little fish', Ldd.— Prob. as not worth a 

TpwhSy Tpovpos, a dry stump.^^ Suidas : * Tpwol, 
Kopfioi Ap{riyoit oak logs, by change of A into F.' And so 
Hesych. Vice versft is Aa for Fa, Dulcis from FAvvirs, 
"fruXK^s : — But the Etym. M. for y^pwhs, y4poov^ old. 
TpwKhi^ curved, aquiline.— B. yp^^ virhs^ as Ferus 
from Fera, as. 

Fpi/T^i frippery, old clothes done up : only worth a 

Tpb^^ vKhs, a griffin with a crooked beak. — As Kl9h$, 
A70o^, so yvphs, ^yvpor^^ transp. frp^o^, 7p^. Much 
as ' Spards for BapTSsj (Ldd.) iSpcucov and tpdKotv from 
MBapwv ; &c (a) Lenn. from yp^y to gnaw, eat. 

Tp&vosj * eaten out, — deep ; Fp4i^, a grot, — knead- 
ing-trough : from "fypdm, ypa :' Ldd. 'frpdoyos, as 
t^aoiH^, «»i^. 

F^ * a piece of arable ground, a measure of land, 
a sown-field, a pliun ; met. the womb :' Dnn. — ^As yTi^, 
so 7Ta from ^yda^ F^a, F^. (2) R ic^, * to contain, 
to ooDceire:' Dnn. (S) £wing makes it a limb of 
ground : see Fi/tbv. (4) * Hebr. gta^ a valley:' Wr. 
r^oMf cables fastening ships to ^ui land. 
Fi5a\ai, drinking-cups : from 
FuoAoy, *a hollow, cavity,— middle or swell of a 
cnirass,— a valley,-»a plain, prob. surrounded with hills. 
— Akin to KoiXos, hollow:' Dnn. Indeed from t7i^«, t 

allied to ydta to oootAin, and to kC» to contain, and f Donn. 

33 1 

tx<f», X°^y»f to ^ hollow. See F^Aiof , Tvphs, &c— 
In the sense of * pUun', prob. from yua, (Z) * Hebr. 
fefo, hollow:' Wr. 

Tvtis, ' the curved piece of wood in a plough, to which 
the share was fitted:' Ldd.— Allied to TvaXoy, Or even 
tot>iJ«,7<i«, to take, receive, (a) Dr. Jones * as the 
.yvTby limb of a plough.' 

Tvtoy^ a limb, espec. said of the lower limbs, feet, 
knees.— I. e. yiiloy. From fyiSu, (see FiJoXok, FJAws,) 
7^, as in Vairrfip : Each limb holding to or on another, 
taking it on, taking it up, just as Acxo/acu is to succeed 
to, come next, *EK-Boxh a succession. Somewhat simi- 
larly our word Limb H. Tooke derivea from Sax. lim- 
plan, to belong to. 

rvi6sj maimed in the Twib limbs. We say, To wwjf 
a bird. 

FiiAtof, a knapsack.—* From, or akin to. FavAos :» 
Dnn. And to FiJoAo*'. All from yiw, fyiv, to hold, 

Tvi^ydsj naked, bare.— As o-cfiy^f is uwtmjiiyos, for 
^fyvii4yos from ^y6w allied to Fi^oAov, and to yiu^ 
tx<^ ' to stand open' (Dnn.). 'With open head and 
feet all bare :* Gower. 

Fwi^, -a«c5$, a woman, wife.—* B. perhaps y6vos^ 
y4yu, yiyofuu :* Dnn. And thus all say. As 6i^tuL, 
AyTpiSy Airo-irT8oprf«, (a) Allied to K^w, to con- 
oeive, be pregnant. 

Toy IS y F^wij, an eflfeminate man. — Passow: *From 
yiyyhs, a young mule : not yvyii, as the v is long.' Yet 
7</NNU (two N) points to v as short in itself. 

TvpyaBos, a basket— * B. 70pos :' Dnn. Or yvp6s, 
F, as the B in $6KBvroy, — aOos as ^(£^e02. 

TvpTyoSy a tadpole, as yvphs round. 

Tvpis, the finest meal.—* From the yvphs circular 
motion of the mill :' Gail. Thus "AXwpoy is * wheaten 
flour, also fine flour,' (Dnn.) from iL\4w, to grind, 

Fvphs, round, curved, bent, crooked. Fvpos, a circle, 
&c. — Allied to K6k\os, a circle, and from fT^i 7*"»» 
ic6», &c., to hold, contain. So FuoAoy, a hollow. fF^, 
frwH>^sorfyvfpis,yvp6s. (a) * Hebr. ^wr, to stoop j* 

F^, yvwhs, a vulture.— * Akin to, or from, K^nrrv ; 
from the usually crouching attitude it observes :' Dnn. 
(a) * R. t7A», f7^«, ydu, to take :' Lenn. 

Fi^os, chalk, gypsum. — R. yn, li^w, [8^a] : * Lime- 
stone prepared for phister by fire:' Dnn. T as in 
7Tj^, AyTpis, ii^fia. (a) * ChaU. GPS, to phister :' 

FoiAcbv, a cavern, den.— * Akin to FavAos. R. Ho7?ios ;* 
Dnn. Bather, as Yciw, y<wAJ^, so ydw^ yM\€6y i allied to 
f7^, 7^aAoy. 

Ttoyia, Fwyos, a comer, angle.— -As rpd»y Tp&yos, so 

ydM, yQyos : ydju, to hold, contain : allied to Tvpbs, 

curved ; Kc^irrv, to bend, &o, Don. compares T6yv, 

a knee. Add "Kwds, 

r»pvT0Sf a quiver.— *Akia to X»pA», to contain :• 


Digitized by V^OOQIC 




Aa : iEolie for To. So children say I>ood-b7e, &G. 

Aa-f much. — For ieurh, thick, (a) Fur Bid, (3) 
* Heb. daij sufficieniia :' Mrt 

AeeybSf a waxen image. — * A Theesalian word :* Dnn. 
— Perh. orig. a melting, diitsolving things for raryhs from 
riraeya (see rdTrivov^) the regular perf. mid. of ti}icm, ^«. 
As Men are called BtmiTol, Djing persons. Thus in the 
0. T., * My heart is like wax, it is melted :' * As wax 
meltetb, so the wicked person ' &c. * The hills melted 
like wax.' (Only in Theocr. 2. 110.) 
, AdtipOf Proserpine.— 'The knowing one,* say Ldd. 
and Dnn.: from fSciw, to learn. (2) Tsetzes from 
Sofs : The torch-bearer, as beuig the same as Hecate' 
shining by nights 

Ad(ofjiatf the same as Aaf». Adrifu, Aafw, to know. 
See in fAdw. Mrt proposes Hebr. deah, knowledge. 

Aa^Pf a husband's brother. — ^'Whom the wife 8^Sac 
becomes acquainted with on her marriage :' Damm. Or 
who becomes acquamtiBd with the wife. 

Aoi, * for Adcc, A(£ci, tell me, I pray thee. IlSy 9ai ; 
how, pray ? how then r ' Ewing.* 

Aai8(U\», to work cunningly, use curious arts. — As 
^<f«, ^eUXw, so tW«, to learn, ^HdXXM^ 8(m8(£AA«, like 
MAI/idw: To be learned. 

Aal(tf, to slay.— R. Bcd», to divide, cleave. 

Acd/MV, AafumVf knowing.— B. dcdv, Hrifu, to 
learn. • 

AatfUMf^ a god, deity, chance, destiny. — * Some make 
it prim, knowing, [above], but prob. from Zcda, to divide 
or distribute destinies :* Ldd. 

Aaiwiffu, as Aa(w, to divide, assign a share, espec. at 
meals : Atdwfjuuj to be assigned a meal, to dine. 

AdZos, knowing, cunning, BtefjiMtv, See Adrifu, 

Adios, miserable : i e. one who has known and ex- 
perienced ill.— Above. Virgil : • Hand igndra mali* &c 

AdXoSj AifioSf burning, consuming, hostile. — B. haiw, 
to bum. 

- Atdptty A4pot, to flay, skui, cudgel. — B. Bvdta, fSlw, 
to divide, mangle^ &c So ^du>, "Vodpw, 

Aoh, a torch. — R. Safv, to bum. 
. , Aoh, battle, war.— Allied to Ac(7of, bummg, con- 
suming, and hostile. ' The ward^i^cS^et burnt round 
the city,' Hom. And * The circling press of battle 8e- 
2^«t about thee.' 

^ Aals, Aafnj, a feast— B. f8af«, 9aivv/Uj to dispense 
i. e. viands. (2) B. t5(£w, ScCvtm, to mangle. 
^ AaiTphsy a divider, carver, who portions out. — B. 
Mt», to divide. 

^ Acdto, from obsolete f AAA. Ormston well unites the 
meanings : ' 1. to divide, part, distribute. 2. to give a 
lHinqaet,-i.« distribute^ viands. 3. to kindle, bum, 
glow, for fire resolves and separates what it consumes. 

4. to teach, ie. to dispense knowledge; 5. to know, 
i.e. to acquire what is thus dispensed.' 

AdtcyWf ^AdKv, fA^iw, to bite. — B. f'^t ScSojca, 
8ala>, to divide, (a) ' Hebr. dekee, to break :' Wr. 

AdKOSf a serpent of dangerous bite. — Above. 

Adxpv, a tear. — B. f 8£», Mmw, to bite : * Being of 
a briny, biting taste : ' Pkh. A biting or bitter tear. 
* Lucretius speaks of salt tears, others of bitter tears. 
Matt 26. 75 : He wept irtKpws bitterly:' Becm. Some 
explain it as arising * el pramorsd animft.' 

AdicTvXos, a finger. — Considered as soft for BditrvXas^ 
(as rpEvw, rirpAflfuu ; fiEyas, mAgnus,) from Uko» the 
same as Sc/jw, BiZtitrcu, to point at, as Persins * Digito 
monstrarier. Hie est' Isaiah 58. 9 : * The putting 
forth of the finger.' And so from AtiKtrhs Pkh. derived 
Digitua. — Or from ^ypfim : As receiving or taking up 
things, (a) B. 8a}^, Sai^ctf, ScSiZkroi, S^S^urrai, (as 
*Ator0V0, "fyffirn^ a thing divided, a division of the hand. 

AiirrvXos, a dactyl : consisting, as the finger, of one 
long and two shorter joints.— Above. 

AeixTvAos, a date, in its shape resemhling a ^ger, 
' oblong& gracilitate', Forcell. 

Aa\^s, ' a burat-out torch,^and so an old man ;— ^ 
faggot, beacon-light :' Ldd. — B. fJdw, 8af«, to bum. 

AdixaXiSj a heifer.-^B. ZatJui» : Fit to be subdued to 
the yoke. 

Adtiap,a wife. — Tamed to the marriage yoke, from 
' Aofidatf AdfunfifUf agrees with 8atC« in the sense ' to 
slay', from f8^», fS^Sofuu, 8aiw. — Also, to tame, sub- 
due, bring under the yoke, whence Damm rightly allies 
it to ^Adu; AiMffKv, to teach, i. e. make tractable and 
obedient ' He learned obedience', Hebr. 5. 8. (a) Our 
tome. Sax. tamian, &c. * Hebr. demee, to level :' Wr. 

AoMOn}, freight-money to Charon, from Bdyos^ a gift: 
As 'EpitfAKH. But the Etym. M. from Bwhs, diy, i.e. 
a dried-corpse or skeleton (o'lceXer^y) money. — Also 
a small Pei'tian cdn. 

AdvoSf a gift, Aoycf^w, to give on loan. — B. fScCw, 
5a(a), to divide, i e. distribute, disperse. ' He hath dis- 
persed, he hath given to the poor :' Psa. 1 12-. 9. Allied 
to f Adw, Ai^iju. Dqnam, i. e. dabo, is in Plautos. 

AavhSf burnt, dried up. — B. f^r ^ hnm, 

A^, with the teeth.— Allied to J9diM, {w, to bite. 

So Aai, n^, 

Aavdifri, ' expense, prodigality. B. Mwr«:' Dnn. So 
all say. See Aw^i\-fis, 

AmtoVf floor, ground, plain.— *R 8o for7a,w^5ov :* 
Dnn. (a) Aa-, very ; wwov: Very flat, level, wtSufdif, 
(3) See Adiros. 

AdiriSj a carpet, footdoth or footstool. — 'Akin to Ad- 
ircSof^:' Dnn. ^ Prob. from 

fAiwoj, floor, ground, as in *AAAo-Jairk*, &c.— R.- 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 


So, fop TO. See'S^nEAON. In form as Tf^nOX ^ (2) 
The same as fTciiros, whence Taitetvhsj and as Adms 
and Tdms, Tdvris : all from ^rdot, relifcoj to stretch out. 
Compare T($«-os. (3) Corrupted from l8o<^y, 'Stf^os. 
. Aairro), to rend, mangle, devour. — B. f8(ic0, ^cdwy to 
divide, as K^dw, KpdvTw. 

. Aap^irrUj * the same as Adwrw, as MapfAafpn :' 
Ldd. And taken from it, for in the latter the P is ac- 
counted for ^m the following P. 
. AAPEIK02, a Baric, a coin struck in the reign of 
a Dartu0. 

AapBdvcffj to sleep. — R. Upo), 4^p9riVf Uy flay a skin, 
.then to lie on it, as from A€pfia, a skin, is Dormio, Or 
,there was a word ^Adpos or tAap^| a skin, as Aipas : 
then f ScEp0a), 5apd(iyM. So OiKiu is to dwell in an OJ- 
jcos. Homer : iy k^ww ol&v "E^ipaOtv, Virgil : ' Csa- 
sarum ovium . , . Pellibus incubuit stratis, somnosque 
|)etiYit*. ' 

AapoSf Att. and Dor. of hip^s* 

Aourfibs, division, jdistribution, spoil, reward, share of 
tajies to pay^— 1(. f 8(£», ddConai, 

AcunrKiis, -^oj, terrific AoSwA^os, like fid^rpv- 
XoSy A.^x^, for Aa-irX^os, allied to "A-irKritrTos : 
J^iWed Ml, then (like 'ASii^bs,) excessive, vehement, op- 
jjressivB, (Z) R. Sqw-l, irAiJToy as in Teix^t^t-vX'frnis : 
Advancing with torches, frightening. Or 8a-: Advanc- 
ing powerfully, coming on, towering. (8) B. 80, irA^or- 
.<r» : Striking with awe. But this would be AocnrA^B. 

AdiTQS, a thicket — Fronji 

Aaa-6s, rougbt shaggy, bushy, thic^.— As Tp&xvs 
rough from frpda, rirpduj to transpierce: so Aeurhs 
(like Aofffjihs) from fS^, to divide, 8at(a), ' to cleave, 
'pierce :' (Dnn.) Piercing to the hand, rugged. — Lennep 
as divided into numerous particles or eminences, opposed 
to level or smooth. Compare Kpavabs, Kpwpis. (2) 
Allied to Adjios, as AdKpVfM, Lacryma. (3) As Ad- 
rvedgy, so Ac^o^s, from. Sa, trds : Bristly, hairy like 
a hog. 

Aariofua, to divide : — ^f Scfv, f 8^etreu, SdC^o/uai. 

Aarur/i^s, tautology.— From one DaUa, who said 
*'H5oA(m kqX T4pirpfuu koI x^P^f^^^ • whence AdrtSos 
h^Kos in Aristoph. 

AavXor, < rough, hairy, the same as and akin to Aaabs, 
and metaph. close, secret:* Dnn. — But better as usu. 
deriyed. (like Aci-o-fcios,) from 8a, SX17, shrubs, brush- 
wood.-— AavAos is also the same as AaK6s, 

AatW, to bum, as ^Aduy Atdto, — Also, to sleep: 
from 80, aiko to sleep, as %fffa, *Ia^, (Very rai-e : 
in Sappho.) 

AipPri, a laurel.—* R. 8({irT«, 8^8a^ : for prophets 
.used to eat knrel as they prophesied, whence the Py- 
thian priestess was called Aapvuj'ipdyos ;* Lena. So 
* Laamm' momordit', Juv. * Sacras innozia laurus Ves- 
car', TibulL 

Awpi\^s, * profuse, sumptuous, abundant. R. Bdmooy 
j^w :' Dnn. Compare Aav^. 

tAAa,. tAEXl, Ain, fAOa, ATH, aU PrimiUves, 
35 - . 

and allied : signifying to * penetrate* and 'divide'. 
Hence Aa^o/xai, Acdu, Aaipta, Aipw, AariofMi, Al8ctf/ii, 
&c. Dunbar explains Aim *■ to penetrate, to go through' : 
Donnegan, * to penetrat© into.' 

Ac, but : — -sometimes 'and':— sometimes as A-^.— 
Ormston says : ' R 8^, to bind, connfict It is fre- 
quently connective.' So Pkh. also. But in the firs^ 
sense, rather from t8^«, t8«J»i to divide : (See» :) 
allied to Aih and Di- in iW-versely, &c. * A word of 
distinction :' Greg. And so Lennep. (a) See in Men. 
(S) Mrt. from 8c», deficio. 

A^aro, he seemed : read by Wolfe in Od. 6. 242, iof: 
the old A(^TO, which for 8oa0-0-aTo, from 8oto(^o/ia<, to 
choose between loii» two suppositions. Buttm. refers both 
to 86800, to search out, so judge : He was judged or 
thought. But how can this possibly be ? Thiersch 
well keeps to the old Aoaro, 

Ac^lffKOfMu, A€t8-,. to welcome. As ylvofuu is allied 
to yElyofxau and yEviWy so 8e8^a'ico/Aat to f Sc/kci), f 8cic», 
heKOfjuu and 94xo/uUf to receive. Sometimes to give in 
welcome as a cup, present ' 

AeSlfftrofuUf AftltrKOfuUf to frighten : and Auilffffo- 
fieuj yrhich is also to be frighten^, to fear. So A€8ta, 
to fear : A€£8w, to fear : A^os, fear. Also, A^ ' to 
drive, scare, .frighten, put to flight, repel : also to be 
driven away, flee, be afraid :' Dnn. And Auj;«cw, to 
drive, impel, expel, pursue, follow. — All these are allied, 
and piean to go Atii through, or cause to go Aih through 
any space, ' per-sequor', pursue, follow, drive on, drive 
off, scare away. But 8£of, 8E^8w, more immediately 
from the obsolete f AEA, to penetrate through, as A6m, 
See on f AAA. 

AecAof, A^Xos, manifest, clear.— ^ ButtnL for tSuXos, 
from iS4wf to see. Then SccAos has n resolved into cr, 
as vemens into vEhEmens. (2) Damm from f8cw, 
8€8^ci, 8af», to bum : Bright, conspicuous. (3) Mrt. 
from 8af», to know. ' Known and read of all men :' N. T. 

Acf », to want : in A4ot. 

A4nfJMy entreaty. Above. 

Ac<, it is binding, necessary, fitting. — R. 94w, to bind. 
So Aeoi', ' what is binding, needful :' Ldd. 

Aei8G0, tofear: Aci/xa, fear: in Ac8t(r(ro/uai. 

AtUtKov, -flkov, AticTjAof, a representation. — R. 
■f8€/ic«, *to represent by painting' (Dnn.). 'She 
SHOWS a body rather than a life:' Shaksp. 

f Ac(icw, AfiKifvfUj to point out, indicate, show. — As 
Aa<8a and Tseda, oAfiiiP and dT/u^v, Advis and Taints, 
buildeD and builT, so AeUw is allied to TetVw, to streteli 
jout (tlie hand), as Teraydtv^ touching, is referred to 
Ta», Ttivu, From the same root b A4xoiuu^ to take, 
receive, and Aeutaatdofim to welcome. Compare A4t»^ 
Afofioi, (2) ' Hebr. dak, to observe :' Mrt. 

AelKri, 'akin to €7At}, the time when the day is hotr 
test, just after noon ; — gen. the whole afternoon ;— then 
the latter part of it, just before evening :' Ldd. But 
whence the A ? Dnn. knows nothing of the firs^ 
meanings, makes it the. latter part of the day, and adds : 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



Some tar, towifds the morning and evening twiligbt' 
This jnstifies Lennep*8 deriratian from SecXdf , * cowardly, 
iieak*,(Dnn.) then weak in li^bt, doll, bunt Or from 
8f«, to fiul : 99f\ii, 8ciA4. Of 8^, l\if : a fiuling of 

Af<ya,' some certain person or thing, that one cannot 
or wishes not to name :' Dnn.— ' The Chald. dsn, he*, 
Krt. ' Hebr. tfenee/ Wr.— Yet perh. allied to tAcfiw, 
throagh Ttliw, to stretch oat (the hand) towards. 
* Digito morutrarier^ Hie est :' Pen. 

Aeu^^f, terrible : B. 94os, But AccX^f, String, timid, 
weak, faint (2) Wr. mentions Hebr. dehd, to affiright. 

AthrpWf the morning, afternoon or erening meal, 
Actuals. — * Akin to or from Adiirrof, Aofv :' Dnn. That 
is, throagh obsol. fS^, fZdtc, Compare A^Xcc^, A^f , 
and Aait, and Latin iXspes. 

Acipdr, Ac4^ : the same as A^^. 

Aciro, ten.— *R. fScjrw, tUxofuu: from the TEN 
fingers, to grasp, hold :' Dnn. * As canttUmng all the 
units :' Pkh. 

Acir^of, to bribe.— Steph. from f^ ^^X^/uu : To 
bribe hj cansmg one to hope to reeeite from me. So 
A»pO'9ok4m, (2) B. 8f ira : < To bribe by giring a tenth 
part :* Dr. Jones. ' B. 94Ka, like Lat decwriare, said 
of bribing the Boman tribes : Ernest Clay. Cio. :* Dnn. 
Bat Foroell. understands this otherwise. 

A^Acfl^, Ac\rrpoy, A^Aor, a bait, lore.— As V4», 
Y^ioK, so ' R 8a^M. to fesst :* Mrt Through fSlw allied 
to AthtyoVf food. So 

A4\erpov is also a lantern, and, as AaX^r, may be 
frxxn few, Sofof, 8^9);a, to kindle, bam. Ldd. and Dnn. 
understand it as ' prob. used in catching fish by night' 
See above. 

A^Aror, a tablet, prop, in the form of the Ddta A, 
this called from Hebr. dalOh, (2) * Or A^Aros from 
Hebr. deleth, oolamn of writing :' Wr. 

A^A^, 6, ^, a hog, sow.—* Prob. {|vm 9tX/p6s :* 
Dnn. ' As baying a huge ScA^^r :' Lenn. ' Prop, said 
of the female :' Greg. * From its frnitfnl ScA^ds :' Mrt 
Perhaps AcA^^f meant, like Vifihs, the paonch as well 
as the womb. 

AeA^li', a dolphin. Lenn. from AeA^, as like it : 
BtKt^iy. Plaral, heavy masses of lead let fall from 
ships. We say a Pig of lead, and Sow metal, thoagh 
pr. J. says he knows not why. (2) Common to ti^e 
Armorie, Irish, Welsh, && Webster from Welsh dolf, 
a curve, winding. 

AcA^2>r, AcA^^ the womb.-- The ^L is BtXipbs, 
that is, 'EA^^s Ql as in Bawos,) from €A», capio, con- 
cipio : or fit>m cAAw, ixltra-ta, lA^, to envelope, cover 
up. Moeh in form as ISa^OZ (2) AcA^^ for ;^cA. 
^«a (as Oc^s, Deus ; barTHen, burDen,) from ^\us 
^v^, fosminea natQra. So KESvhs from kHBos, 

A4fJMS, frame, body, form of the body, as we use the 
Baild. (Kari) HdftaSy in the form or likeness of. — R. 
e^futf. So Aofifi, (2) ' Chald. dema, to be like :' Mrt 

A4fiyui, pi., bed, couch.— Prop, a frame, as above. 

(2) R. 94t9, 84Sefiai, Z^/Jwt <T!ed together from 
timbers !* Damm. As Kpif AEMNON. 

A4pm, to oonstruct, build.— B. 8^, Me/ioi, to bind 

Af ySoAlf , Aar8., a cake of toasted barley .*»' B. t^- 
8», to eat up greedily :* Mrt A as in f Ae(m». 

AcyBUAM, to move the eyes quickly, ghmee at-— R. 
f 8f 1^, Sof^, 8(rc«, to stir, XXAm, the eye. For ^ 
rf AAof ; A repeated, as B in /B^ABiror ; or A as t€pA, 
tenDo. (2) A(«, fSlAAw, flca^AAw. ScNSUAw, as iN- 
SdAAofieu: To chase or panue (with the eye)^ Com- 
pare BA^ww from fBA^. 

A^poy, a tree.— A^ipw, to peel, fleMpw, fS^Bpsr, 
94SBpov, as iNMAAo^iw, taNgo, fuN$dim, So A6pv is 

* a trunk of a tree, a tree*: (Dnn.) 

Aiwos, a revilkig.— * Perh. Ion. from HwfSsi* Dno. 

* To speak 8cii^ dreadful words :' S(^. 

Ac|a^ri^, a tank : A. I. m. of 94xofuu, And ' mat- 
ter, as nttceptible of all manner of ibrms :* Dnn. 

A^k, Ac^iTCfi^ the right hand by which we take, 
welcome, or point — B. Uxofuu, |o/mu. See f Actmr, 

A4oftat, to want, ask ; in Acw. 

A^T, fear: in Ac9(0-<re/iai. i 

Aerar, a goblet. — Hesych. for Itficar, (as A^Kos, la- 
Pns,) from S^iro^cw to pledge. A«Koiifim>fr9 Zhtwrtriv^ 

A4pas, -09, -^la, a hide : Ziptt, 

Atphs, AcipAf, Afip^, a ridge of hills. — B. S^fny, from 
rising up as a neck above the parts below. So A4^s 
has both senses, *and compare Collis and CoUum,'and 
Jagum :* Ldd. 

A€pi|, Ac^, the neck.— *B. VfM», to flay: as it was 
by the neck that operation usu. commence) : Damm :' 
Dnn. So A^s from A^ei, A^Ao^ Compare T^mc- 
Xyi^i» from r^x^Aof, and 2^07^ is the throat frpom 
ff^dj[m. Damm says too : ' The neck among the an- 
cients was quite uncovered,' and A4p9 is ' to usoorer, 
expose*: (Dnn.) 

AipHofuu, to look on or at.— B. t4pM, Mtpita : To 
uncover or expose for myself (See the last part above), 
i.e. to open to my view, and examine. (2) AdpKw, for 

f9p4Kt», iUpcueoy, whence ApcbcMv. And ^9p4m0 for 
Tp4Kw, from rop4», rp4at, to pierce. See *A'Tp€tciis 
and Top6s, We speak of a piercing eye. (3) * Ai- 
-op^», to see tluoogh, contr. to 9p4tn* Damm. Then 

f Sp^fCM, &c. 

A4f^s, ' a hide; pL cloak of skins or leather or hair- 
cloth.— B. 94(M :' Dnn. So Upas. 

A4fnpoy, the caul, i.e. a skin. — As above. 

A^pw, to skin, fiay, strip, bare, stripe. — B. ffi^M, fficU, 
to divide, Sof/w, to fiay. * Akin is Teffw, Tero ••' Dnn. 

Atff/thf, bond.— B. 8^, 8^8c(r/iai, to bind. 

Aww6(v, to be master or lord of.— ' R prob. B^vuht, 
94m, to bind :' Dnn. Af», fd^vM, as fiMtlm, Sp^Hw, 
then fi4<nrm, as £Sirw, A^^x^. In form like ^ftOZn. 
Or for 8c<rM^(» as corPas, carPentum. (2) For Se- 
vff6C»f Se^6(<» from 8c^ tfi soften, tame, subdue. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



AAnroiMt, « mistreas : Abora. 
Acr^, * sticks boood together, ft &got:' Ldd.-*-B. 
Scof, Sterol. 

AfVKoSy sweetness: *A-8ci;ic^r, bitter, nnpleasant. — 
B. 94xofJMif acdfAo : What is acoeptable, pleasaat. T, as 
doTpoSy &C. 

A€vofuUj as Adofuu, A^w. 

Acvpo, AtvfUf hither. And plaial AcDrc, Le. 9wp^ 
frf, says Battm. As yXEvKos and 7AiMc^f, (and see in 
Ac^«/K»,) so SEvpo from 8^, 8i^ to come or go in. 
AcOrc might thos be from ASj^i. 

Ac^oTOf, httt — And 

Ac^cpof, second.— B. Mofstu, Marrai, to fiul. 
To come off second best. (Z) * GompantiTe of A^, 
as yXEvKos from y\vK^ ;* Ldd. This is not so well 
for Ac^arof. 

Ac^, to wet, moisten, knead.— The same as A^, 
* to go under water', (Don.) used actively, (a) From 
obs. fS^i to divide, allied to Aiii through, and AuJyw 
to wet. Compare then A4^ as Tpdu^. (3) Our old 
verb, deWf be-ikw, Germ, than, 

A4<fm, to moisten, soften, knead.— 'Another form of 
Ac^ :' Dnn. Thus, 8cTw, 8cf of , 94*w, (a) From obs. 
f 8^ as in Atvw, See ypd*v. 

A4xofJuu, to take, receive, hail, welcome. — See in 

Ac^^^, Uie same as A€^, 8/4w. 

A^, to bind.— Allied to fTlw, TcIm», T^fw, whence 
Toiy^a, a icmtf, like AMU8f}jua. (2) Strangely, it might 
even be the same as fStiw, BaUa, to divide. Thus in 
Homer liKouri wvwapiiivov^ pierced with nails, is trans- 
Uted by Clarke * CON-FIXUM,' fixed tight 

A^Btf, A^/uu, to want, need, beg, aak. — Dr. Jones 
takes it ' to k» homd with necessity or want :' making 
8€«, to bind, passive. This would agree with Aci, it is 
binding, necessanr : for in Norfolk tlwy say, ' Yon don't 
weuU to do this , i.e. are not bound. (2) The same 
as fr^, Tcfrw, to stretch out ie. the hand, to ask from 
want; — as Terceyitp, touching, from fr«(». Compare 
fAc/jtw. So A^tf and Tdanis ; AeuSo, Tssda. 

A^, for A(ic, * learn', as To unt is * to know', and 
Scilicet is Scire licet, and Videlicet is VidSre licet : You 
may know well, be assured, be sura, for certain, indeed, 
in fact) exactly so, that is to say, forsooth. So Aot. 
(a) For^HSn. ? 

Anyfta, a bite. — R W«», t^iUw, 8di»w, S^Sifyfuu. 

Ai}0^ A Vt for A long time, AtfOwm, to delay, Atiphs, 
long, too long.— All allied to A4», to bind together, as 
Continual from Con-teneo : and Connectedly. A^A as 
^AteA.— Some compare A^and^HSiy, but with no sense. 

Ai^rof , same as third Adhs. 

A7i\4ofiaUf to lay waste, spoiL— Allied to Aifios ftom 
fScbtf, 8ai'», to bum : f 8dM, f 5^Xos, burning, fS^Xos, 
ZriKtofuu : much as Z^», Z^Aor, 2i|\i^.— Or allied to 
AoUoi, AedCu* (a) ' Hebr. delee, to exhaust :' Wr. 

AiKo/Miy to wish. — * Prob. fur 04\afjuu :' Wr. Aa 
SfhSf Dens ; burTHen, bnrDen. Ewing : ' SL hfiiii, 

will. Dor. l\rom ^4\m.^ Or Ai|X^ fr«m 8nXw to signify 
by words. Then A^Ao/uoi. (a) Allied to A^^^oi. ? 

A^Aor : in Ai^hos, 

Afifi-fyrnPi Ceres.-* Prob. Mj for yri, tukrnp'* Dnn. 
Mother Earth. See AS. (a) For Aij^ M^f • 

Aiffuio9, to oonfiscate. — R. 8^/iof: Mak« pnUie 

Ari/xoKSvoSf a demagogue. — B. Sq/uof, Kims a bab* 
bier, orator. 

AfffiAofAai, to banter, jest, i.e. speak in a oommon to]-' 
gar manner, 9rifjuo9ms, 

AvfAoSy a people — * Prob. fifom HdfM :' Dnn. — Bather 
from 8c«#, MrUmi^ (as in A«U8iyfta), to bind together. 
Populus, says Cicero, is a company * utilitatis consensu 
todattu^ Ormston : ' Btmnd togeUier by the same laws, 
manners and government.* 

Atiiths, fat, taUow.— * Perk, firom 8^, to bind :' Ldd. 
' For the flesh and bones are held together by the cellular 
membrane, the seat of the fat': Leno. (a) Passow 
thinks from 8a(«, to burn. 'As wont to be burnt and 
lighted :' Mrt. 

AV: inA^0et. 

AfiydpioVf the Roman DeHannu, £rom d!0iM», iMSni^ 

Anwf, plan, deliberation. — *Akki to A^w/ Ldd. 
An endeavour to find some means or expedients, (a) 
R. ^p : Requiring long investigation. (S) ' Or Hebr. 
din, judgment :' Mrt 

Ai7pir, battle, strife.— 'Akin to, or from 8a(« :' Dnn. 
L e. to kindle, light up, like Aittf which see : f 8<iefHf , 9fipis» 

Ai}p^r, Aop^s, long : in A^0tt. 

A^o, the same as A^. 'R.^;* Ldd. Compare 

, A4«, to find.—* Prob. akin to t8^, Sa^ycu, to learn :' 
Ldd. and Dnn. 

Ari^^ Ceres, * for Ati'fi'fiTnpj ihe goddess who dis* 
covered com :' Ewing. Rather then from 8^, to discover. 

Ai^ through.— R. ^9im, fSdw, 8a(«, to divide. See 

AMffiiv, *to thrust through so as to stop up :' Ldd. 

Aid^/uoi, * to put the woof Zth through the warp, 
weave', says Dr. Jones. And Ldd. thus : * To set the 
threads in the loom, fix the warp, and so begin.* Mrt» 
makes 8i^ disjunctive, quoting Julius Pollux : 'This one 
weaves his web, 6 84 Btd(erat, but the other (disjungit) 
divides it.' Dnn. says : * Perh. from 8lf, twice.* Le. 8(-% 

AmIpuj to wet, moisten.^' Akin are Auphs, Ac^ :' 
Dnn. From f8(«, to divide, penetrate: to go 8i^ through. 
Allied too to A^, to go under, A^mrw. See A«^. 
(a) Mrt from Aihs, gen. of Zt^s : ' Ab sthere lapso.* 

AtoiTo, mode of life, manner of living, regimen.—- 
Lenn. from ^di^.^idu, 8a/»,t8^, 9(9ufu : < AtrUmendo^ 
[^distribuendo,'] est qnsB victtU rationem pnescribit, vitas 
institntum.' — Or allied to Atcfuu, Ai(fifMu, Au&k»: 
for Dnn. explains Aiwrdo/uu * to jfoUoi a particular 
modeof Ufe,to/oAM0angimeiL' Compare AiaW,and 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



• AtouTO, Judgment, arbitration.^— Mied to AiAmt, 
to pursue, prosecute ; Ai(fiftat, to seek, search ; Ai4fiai, 
I.e. f8f«, fSicifltf, diflUTo. Compare Aialv«. 

. Atdicoi^or, Aiiiicovos, a servant, attendant, deacon.— 
' Buttm. from obs. 8ta«cM, or dt^KOf, akin to 8u6«caf. — R 
9t& ic<$i^(s, [irov«»] :* Dun. Bat Buttmann's idea was 
to avoid this last, as A is long. This too opposes the 
B. 81^ iucovdu, to urge, stimulate (oneself). But per- 
haps HiHkovos was an Ionic form, and the H was 
changpd into a Doric long A. The same difficulty pre- 
vails m the word which follows. But see especiallj the 
last obss. in *£d»i^. And observe 9Ap6s. 

AwK6<ru»f AaiK6ffioiy ^00. — Nearly all from Sir, 
^Kar6y, as Ai-w\os, And, as irAoSTOS. tXo^SIOS, so 
^Kardy or "fiicOrhy (as rerrOpa Maittaire p.412,) made 
iKdXlO^ then 8i-i7K({0-ior, 8i-cUc^(ru)r, as in Aidicoyos. 

AioiCMX^, AtoKuxh i in 'AyouMX^ 

• AiOfiird^i in'Aira^. 

Atawp^toSj * going through, piercing, thrilling, far- 
stntching ; — manifest. Prob..formed .£oL from vtpdu :' 
Ldd. Le. ^T€p{w, ^irp6a), whence UpifiPtu 

Aida-uiy a festival Aihs of Jove. 

Alofffta, warp, web : BtdCofuu, 

AtarrdUf to sift. — R. 8i^ fTr», ftnrof, to make to 
leap through. (2) Dnn. from ordu, triidv, to sift: but 
the two TT? 

AtHcurieWf to teach.^-tA^My fScftricw, (as fBcEv, Bdo*. 
K»,) BidduTKto, (SeefAciw.) So 
, Ai^piffKtt, (as AtJ^iffiM^ to flee; R. 8fMiU», Sp^ftu 
. AlSvfwSf twin. — Usu. derived by redupl. from 8A». 
But, as we have TPISv/aoi, Damm rightly from 81r, and 
ithe verb 81^, ie. two ^ic 7caTpbr KATA-ATSEI fuq. 
Compare AiiccAXet. 

'. AidwfUf redupl. of fSidv, f 8«/a, to give : allied to 
f 8d», to divide, i.e. distribute, dispense. * Beady to 

AUfMtf to hunt after, press ont, speed.— B. fS/w, 
jiu^Kw,, See Ai(ritjm, 

AiipofM, a funnel, tunnel. See fEpdu 2. 
. AitpibSf liquid, juicy, fresh, active ; — liquid, of sounds. 
'Akin to AuUpuj to wet :* Ldd. I. e. from f 8(», 86ti», 96», 
^ AiCnfJMij to seek out; — ask a reason, demand. — R 
f 8I», ^Bi(ot, the same as AuI^ku., to drive, pursue. See 

AtCu, to be in doubt : from 8tr : To be of two minds, 
^ AurrdCu, But, as it means also Al(rifiaUf it is usu. 
ireferred to it 

• AlOiSpafxSos, Bacchus, and a dithyrambic ode named 
from him.— Gen. referred to 81r., ^^pa, (as ''lofiSos, 
Bpiafi€o5f) from his double entrance into life, first from 
SemeM, then from the thigh of Jupiter. Thus Dryden 
ispeaks of the door of life. — It is objected that Ai is long. 
Bather then from Aibs, Bipa : for AdB6pafi€os, 

. Aued(u, to judge. AIkohoSj just : R 8^107. 

• A^KcAAa, a two-teethed mattock. — R. 81 j, K4Wa to 
•firive. (a) B. Slxtt, bifariam ; -tX\a, as 06€\\a, 

.. .a£wi|, right, justipe, 7aw» estf^bii^h^ custom or man- 

ner acting as hiw:** action at law, judgment, &c» 
(waTck) 8*ioyir, after the manner of, like. — Allied to 
Aitfuu, Al(riftm, At^», (through fS/M, fScSixo, as ia 
Aiicoi,) to seek, pursue, as the Greeks say Alitnv 8iflSic», 
and Plautus ' Jus meum pertequL* • One's right sought 
or pursued at law: — right thus obtained: — ^the law and 
justice thus establishmg it. (2) R 91x9, as between 
twa Aiistotle, *a8 dividing a thing into two equal 
part&' Thus equality is intended in our Bisect (3) 
R BfKOftai, to receive. The received custom. Changed 
from t8«/o7. (4) * Chald. deoa, to be pure, just :* Mrt. • 

AtmiKoPj the same as AcUcAok 

AlKpoos, AUpoSj double: from 81r, KApa^ Kpit, the 
head. * So A^-icfmios, AUKpaipotj AUKpavos :' Dnn. 

Aimvifaf Diana, goddess of the chace : from 

Almvop, a casting-net, hunting-net : from 

A(if», to throw.— *R 8fw, [8Siico;] to drive:' Dnn. 
And AUfuu is to press on. (2) * Chald. decha, pro- 
pellor'Mrt * Hebf. <fecftee, to drive :* Wr. 

Aiyiw, to whirl: to thresh oat, 'as done by cattle 
going round in a circle :' Dnn. And 

aTmj, a whirling, whirlwind, whirlpool. ATvof, dizzi- 
ness: — a round, area, threshing-floor: — large round 
goblet — R f8(«, 8fc/iai. *For the [wind or] water 
8(crai :' Mrt As jc/w, jcivc». Above. (2) Our din 
may be allied* 

Ai^^r, double, from Als, Anr<r^r, as Tplr, Tp^6s. 

At6vv<roij Bacchus.— 'For, when he was bom, he 
pierced &v(c (v6<T<rcf,) the thigh of Jove A165 : such is 
the fiible :* Mi-t * He was taken from S©mele*s womb> 
and inserted in Jupiter's thigh, and thence in time came 
forth :* Lenn. (2) * From Aidf , his father's name, and 
NScra, the place of his education in India :' E. Valpy. 
(S) The Etym. M. explains the Ionic hem Atipwrot 
* king of A^9«a', from the Indian Bwvos, 

Afbr, divine : from f Air, Ai^r. 

AiVAo^, AiirA(i<r<or, double.—' R 81r, wAefo'ior, wA^. 
<rior, equal, as in Uapa-irX.'f^ffioy. Others prefer SU, 
wA^, a flat surface, which seems preferable:' Dnn. 
A(irAa| would make AzwAflto-ios, much as *A^po8tri| 

AarXSos^ double : in ^Air\6os, 

Air, twice.— 'For 8vtr from 8^:' Buttm. Tpls 
from rpial is easier. Air by imitation. 

Air, g. Athif Jove: 'Cretan Ot^s, Laconic 2i^s^ 
hence a variety Sei^s, also S8c&r, S§hs, Deus:* Dnn. 
See 0t6s, (2) R t8(», dialyuj to wet, 8iepbr, Bftm, &c. 
From the moist atmosphere. 

AiffKOSf a quoit, — round trencher ;•— aun's disk. — R. 
BUcuj to throw, as Ac'lSxi}. Hesych. has * hUov koX ZUr^ 
KovC (Maitt.) 

Aio-o-^r, double : 'R 82s, as Tpls, Tpurvii, 

^urrdCuj to doubt — R. 81r,f (rrcW : To stand between 
two roads, uncertain which to take. 

AupdaioSj double. — R. 82r, 4>d(ris, appearance: or 
4>^is, speech, as Lat bi-fariam from ' fari': said in two 
.ways. .BoTpupdauos,.. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



Auffdw^ to seekj search for, enqhite.— •'Allied to Af»; 
Aifyfii :' Dnn. And to Au&Kto. (2) B. Sick, a4>«(» : To 
seek for by tonching softly. 

Ai<pd4pa, hide, sack, parchment, tent.— Soft for fSe- 
^Oepa, from Sc^, 4Zi^v, to knead leather. (2) B. 
8ls, ipBclpw, ^€pWj to tamt, i. e. soak. As Bis-coit is 
French for Twice-baked. 

Al<ppo5j chariot-board which could hold two ; — 
chariot ; — seat, stool. — R Si-^dpos, from BU, p4pci>. 

Afx«i Aix^f^i in two ways. — B. 8ls, as Tplj, Tp^xS 

Avjfduj to thirst. ^'Aiif'cktf and Aupdeo are kindred 
words :' Dnn. Prop, to seek or search for (drink). To 
Thirst, * to want to drink:' Dr. J. 

Aia, and 

Aidkw i in A^lffffofuu, — 'Or Hebr. dehek^ to press 
upon :* Wr. 

. AwK^ioSf extending far and wide, great, vehement : 
For BuopiyioSf (as kAI€wos kPl€a>fos, liLium from 
\ttPioVf) from Hi-opiywj to stretch out. T Moh as in 
ovTfia, JirfCpis, — Ewing makes it ' Killing, wearing out, 
from 8i^, 6ki&K(o* 

Afi^s, a slave: B. 8a/i<i», S/aw. 
. AvoiroXi(aDt to swing, fling or wrap about.— 'B. 80- 
v4w, vdKTiM'J Dnn. Two verbs, as is thought in 
VijAo^cifltf. Lenn. from Sivrjy ir^UAof. (2) Dr. Jones 
for Byo^>dKi(w from 

Ay6<poSj the same as Ty6<l>os, K^e^, N^oy. 

- Ao<io'(raro : in A^aro. 

A6yfui, opinion, decree. -~B. 8oic€«, fStJKw, 86807/^01. 

AdSpa, the Lat. dodram, which is ultimately Greek. 

AO0IHN, a whitlow.— Q. ? 

Aot8v(, ^oiUvKoSj a ladle, pestle. — For HSBv^, (as 
fialfiduj) redupl. from B^co, to penetrate into, and so 
divide. *Quores tundendo dtmiiof': LenUp Compare 
Aoici>, A^o. 

r Aoi^, doubt between two things; and Aoi^^w, to 
doubt; from 

- Aoicb^ two, 8^. 

AoKdfuy -da>j -ci^, like £xcipio,Intercipio, to look out 
for, observe, expect, watch, try to take: from BdKOfuu, 
BtioKo, &o*Eheyfiny is Expectabam; nori-BrYfi4poi 
£xpectantes : npoa-tUx^^ waited for, Luke 23. 51. 

Aofc^w, f A($K», |», to look out for : to observe, expect, 
think likely, judge, determine: — to be thought to be, 
to seem to be, appear :— ^to the much thought of. See 
above. (2) Aokcwj to seem, firam f 8c(kc0, Hei^co, 94- 
8ofra, to show (oneself.). 

A6kiim5, well thought of, esteemed, approved. Aoki- 
ftdjuf to examine and judge if a thing is BdKifioy ; to 
judge well of. — Above. 

Aoxhsj abeam, rafter for roo&.-^B. S^jvofuxt, ScSoira. 
* For it is received in the ends by which it is fastened :* 
Ewing. * In building, beams are received at the ends 
into other pieces of timber :* Fkh. See *Afx%l€oyT€s> 

ASKoSy ambush.— R ioKdu, to look out for. 

AoAix^r, long: AtfXixos, a nice-conree, &o.— For 

fToXtx^, id]ied,it seems, to 'SMcXex^s, eontmoing^ 
lasting. The A is here for T, as Aiiris, Tctmys, &c; 
and^y-Ac\€x^s and AoXix^s are allied to TeAoj, end, 
Le. the furthest extent^ and T^Xe, far off. (a) B. Bo' 
\05, Pliny: *ValJem fon^ tractu /aancen*.* 

A^Aos, deceit : the same as A^Xos in A^Xcap. 

AdXwy, a stiletto, from its A6kos, * A small sword 
hidden in the stick', Hesych. — This leads us to the 
meaning, *a lesser sail in a ship,' as hidden among the 
larger ones. 

A6fios, 8 house : Ufiw, 8^8ojua. 

A6va^, a reed, as shaken by the wind : Luke 7. 34« 

Aov4aj to shake, as Aiv4w, Compare ^Iv«, ^OOi^o^ 

A6^a, opinion : — good opinion, when one is well 
thought of, glory. — R lioK4u, ^^ku, (w. 

Aopc^ a skin flayed : 8fpc0. 

Adp(, BopKdsy wild-goat, gazelle, *■ as endued with the 
keenest sight', Plin., from ZipKoyMi, Z4lopKa, 

A6pwop, *the chief meal of the day, dinner or supper. 
Prob. by metath. from 8peirw :' Ldd. Af8fMnra, 8^8opira. 
' Prim, a plucking of fruit :' Lenn. 

A6pvy wood, plank, spear-shaft, spear. — R 8^p«, 8^ 
8opa: Wood peeled. 

A6ais, Atj/ict, a gift.— R t8^, 8f8«/ui. 

AovXos, bondman, slave. — Ac», fScoXos, 8oDXof: 
Bound, (a) * Akin to UXos, deceit, the natural vice 
of slaves :' Dnn. * The Latins called slaves Jitres :' 

Aoviros, noise:—' Perh. imitative :* Dnn. ' An imita- 
tive word:' Ldd. 'Without doubt from the sound 
[Sovir] :' Lenn. Compare our Top and perhaps T^- 

Aox^t reception, &c. : 94xpfMu. 

Aox/uMcbvy a dochmiac foot, marked orig. \j — w -, 
but inuch varied.— R 8oxAids, transverse, or succeeding 
one another : v/ - succeeded by - >/, then -. 

^oXM^i as much as the hand can hold, a spanc 

Aoxft^Sj 'loSf * oblique, from the side, transverse, bent» 
crooked :' Dnn.— The last meanings justify Mrt.*8 deriv. 
from d4xotiaty Z&ox/mi : What is bent, being able to 
take in or inclose, contr. to what is straight. See above. 

ApdyfiOy a handful. — R Updaaofiou, 94ipoeyfuu, 

Apducos, the eye : and 

ApdxaVf a dragon : from ita quick sight, from t4pK»- 
fuuy VSapKoVy ISpourov. 

Ap^, palm of the hand, grasp. — R ipdaaofuu, H- 

ApaireTTjf, a run-away.— R ^^pdu^ 8i8pc(<rKM. 

Apdcraofxaif to grasp, hold fast, drag. — As TduyTdff^ 
<rw, 80 ApcEw, ApAaaw, Now w(»^s get certain twists 
in their application, as the word Drama and Dramatic 
from this very verb 9pdu. From 8p<i» is Apatrr^p a 
worker; ApairHipios active, vigorous, violent ; Apatrri- 
Kdsj drcutic; hence Apdtraofuu seems to have meant, 
to work energetically or violently with, use force or 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



Tiuleni^ fto, dntAt seiie, drug. Ldd. 9Ay h meftiis, 
' to seize, qtee, hp the hand,* 

Aparis, flayed. — A^^, USoffrat, Jhpr^s^ Zpar6f. 

Apax/ihf dnushma, dxam.^— R BpdavofJMt, fScSjpax* 
fiat : As mach as one can lay one's hand oo. 

'\Apdm, Apvifu^ Aifl^Kw, ^Ap4fMy (Pp6fios,) to rnn, 
to ran away. — ^Allied to Tpim, Tp4fM, to flee^ feat i and 
Tp4x», which see. 

Apdm, * to be ocftve, to peifiirm, do :* Dna., who ex- 
plains Yiovit» * to run rapidly, to haste, to he aotwe of 
hosily employed.* Hence then this hpdn from \^pdm 
ai>ov& Compare too Svci^ and ihroMQ^, Why 
in fact do we run at all ? To do something Ipcur* 

Ap^wayWf a sickle : from 

Ap4ir», to pluck off. — A^, tV^* 8p^n», as BA.^a». 
See Ap^irrw. (a) 'Chald. ieraph, deoerpsit:' Mrt. 
'Hebr. dereb, to be sharp:' Wr. 

ApiXor, stripped bare, circumcised : then the member 
thus circumcised : then lustful.^ B. 8^fiw,f 8fi^, Bp4ww ; 
f 8fn&«, Zpinrrw ; fSp^w, 8piXos. Thus also 

Apifjihs, sharp, stingmg, bitter, shrewd. -^ B. fSp^, 
fSp^, 9p&wr», ' to tear, scrateh', (Dnn.) Above. 

Aplos, a wood, copse. * Some read Apios, from 9pvs :* 
Dnn. Perhaps dialectic, as orrTirof and stipes, ^pXyw 
and frIgO) ncAToyros and cllentis. So kMtpa and icT- 
i^/>a are both used. See the next 

Apoini and Ap&nfy a wooden tub : from 9pvs. Thus 
Aoidr and A^, two. See fiOvKdtni. 

Ap6tA0Sf a race, &c — B. f 8pc/i» in the first Apdw. 

Ap6<rot, dew :— a thing tender and delicate, a new- 
bom animal. —As AyS^ws and N^^s, so Apiaos and 
f P(^o$ from ^^ to flow, ifPotrai pf.p., ^^vs a stream. 
(2) Allied to 'lUpAs. As f Ucvor, BeVof. 

Apufi6s, Ap6oSy an oak-coppice.— B. 8p0s. 

Apioxoi, * the props or stays on which is laid the 
keel of a new ship building :* Ldd. — R Upvs, vds, lx^> 
'bxBt : The sustaioers of the oak-keeL 

Apvircir^s, Api^a, ripened on the oak or tree. — B. 
ZpvSf wlrrw, to ripen. 

Ap^wTv, to tear, scratch, wound. ^ A^p«, fSp^, 
f 8p<W, Sp^rro) : allied to Te/pw, T€p«0, Tp^. (2) 
'A<fpv, tSop^TOf:' Damm. (9) *Hebr. tertph, to 
tear:' Wr. 

Apt/s, * the oak :— a tree in general, but esp. a tall, 
strong tree : — an old person, arida qnercus (Horace) :' 
Dnn. — Damm says: < ApSs is prop, a tree in general, 
for it is from A^pv*. But Lennep thinks the A is pre- 
fixed, for ^Gs, as in Av6<pos, Ap6ao5 ; and ^wrhfy 
shrivelled, wrinkled, would agree with the bark of the 
oak, which is ' corticis cuperi' (Forcell.), and with the 
Gnarled or knotty oak of oar Poet. So Quercus 
Voss derives from KcpxoX^o; (Kcpx^os), hard, dry. 
Indeed f5pi$», 9p6irT09f (which see,) to tear, scrateh, 
would thus agree with 9pu6s, (Z) ' B. 8cp», or Hebr. 
dor, aetas, from ito lasting so long :' Mrt 

Apt^^orros, balusten about s court of justice. -*- 

' For 9ff64SPaieros* : Ewing : firam V^s, ^pi&tw w4^ 
ppeueroii an oak-feocing. -^ Dnn. from Zpwt coly. ? 

Apcml, a depilatory pkster. — B. Sjptvof , Mpon, 

A^, woe, pain. -*' A ginng under, from 8^, B^^m to 
sink :' Dnn. ' A sinking of the mind :* Ewing. < Aa 
sinking deep into the mind:' Damm: aa Homer, 
'O^pa Bvp &X0' KpaiiriPf Kdfmr6s aav yuta 8^kc, and 
j \^aa i4iuK99, Dnn. expUins 8Mfa», * to precipitate 
into misfortune.' (2) *Hebr. duee, to knguiah :' Wr. 

AOrofuUy to have power, be able. A^yi^Mt, power. 
— *Midd. of f8^^ fi^w, to undergo, undertake, 
hence to be able : ' Dnn. ' Prop, to have entered, intro- 
duced myself ; hence the idea of power :' Lenn. Thus 
from f *EA€Ma) to go and come is *EAev0€pof, free to 
act And Venia from Yenio, ' venia prqfici8cendi\ Gic 

A^, Aoi^, Aotol, twa — ' B. ii», Sv/u, [fScU, 
8afw,] to penetrate, go through, separate : evidently 
connected with Aik, through, [Aioic^ioi, 200,] Als, 
A<xa :' Dunb. and Lenn. (2) ' Sansk. dui, Gipsey 
duj, Hindoo, Chald., Pers. du, Slavon. dioa, Irish, ^tel. 
da or db^ Sax. Goth, twa :' Wbst 

A^irr», to dip, duck. — B. 8i^ to make to go under. 
As f Be(c0, B^irrM. 

AApofiot, the same as ^OiOpofuu^ to wail, lament* 
(2) Observe the formation of Ai^. 

Auo--, with pain or difficultv. — ' Very prob. from 8^, 
8^a-<f, 8^:' Dnn. From Buffffi, 8^s. Aa M&yis is 
MSyoUf and 'ETT^f is 'Ei' Ti^f. See A^. 

AwrriKeyiiSt ' epith. of death and war, that sends one 
to an ill bed, from 8iMr, Xiyw, to lay asleep : — hence 
hard, painful, uneasy; — and of men, hardhearted 
whence some from 9wr; i\iy», to care for :' Ldd. 

A6cko\os, hard to please: B. 8iMr, icdAoK, difficult 
about his food. 

Avtr/A^, A^if , sun.4etting. — B. 8i^, Zidvaftai, to 
go under. 

A^on^pof , wretched, a wretch : B. 9v(r, f oriw, sto : 
Who has no place for his foot to stand on. So^Atrnitfos^ 
(2) Dnn. from dvcr-, o-rcyM. Bather, trr^s : 
cramped, straitened^ 

AiffxifAos, 'troublesome, dangerous, fearful. Prob. 
at once from 8v9*, as M4\as, M6A^x<A<of :' Ldd., 
Dnn. Perhaps -x^t'^^ in the latter is allied to Xni^p, 
then in the former was imitotive. 

A($«, A6yw, AufUf AiiffKv, to go into, put on ;— to 
go under. ~» Prop, to penetrate^ divide, alUed to f Acio^, 

Afi&8€ira, 12 : 8^, two, 8^«a, ten. 

A»/ia, a house, 8<{/ms. 

Awpl((u, to speak or dress in the Dorian fashion. 

AapoKow4wy * to assail fidelity by pi-esente : 8£poi% 
KifKTOi'.* Dnn. 

A»poy, a gift : fSi^, f 8ocp^ 8i8fl»/u. 

AfiSpof, breadth of the hand, palm. — Vitruv.: 'Be- 
cause the giving of gifts was called AcSpor, and this is 
always done by the palm of the hand.' 

Aits, Avrini, a gift, Swpor. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




*E,*E,*E*E,*E*E, alas !—* From the sound made by 
repeating this letter :* Lenn. 

*E, ace. of 05, as Se of 2o0. 

"Ed, "^d^Ed, sounds of wondA" or displeasure. Pro- 
bably from the sound, like'^E an^^A : or from these 

*'Ea, Mike E7o, well then, come on, words of encour- 
agement, like "A-ye, ♦f/>6, "Eo 5^. Prob. imperat. of 
*£<{«:' Dnn. . Allow it, permit it, let it be. "Eo is, let 
alone, in Mark 1. 24.' Luke 4. 34. (tt) As *neut. pi. 
^o whence id(iJy\ (Dbnn.) ; Good, answ. to ES, EJye, 
Euge. ■ ; . . ' 

'EttK, if. — Hoo^ev. for ci &v. — But better as infin. 
of idwf 4^Vj as AoKcTy and Eliruy are said simply : 
Allow it, grant it, as our If-is Gif or Give. 

*Edi/^s, fit to be put on. — R. f !«, ttfyifii, to put on ; 
as "ESw, ^ESovtJs. *Edifhy Icraro, Hom. 

"Rap, *Hf>', tlie spring. — As *Edco is properly 'Etiw, so 
$ap is l^off front \hf^ to' send forth, shoot forth, as 
BoAA«, tBA(ifc», BXaardvu, So "EJw, "ESAP, EKAP. 

'BcC»; tw let go, gite up, let be, allow. — B. t?«, to 
let go, as Mitto, Per-mitto, Praeter-mitto. Mer'irifii I 
permit (you to go), in Herod. * Cetera MITTE loqui :* 
Hor.; for * omitte." 

*Edci;y, * glen., of good things, as from a neut. pi. ea ; 
[as Hesiod, fiki^dpap KwavtAn'S ; fos being >= iOs : 
Or] its, Uccv, iiicop, 4aMV :' Dnn. 

Ei85oMM,'for*EwTO/io$ fi-om *Eim£ : Seventh. 

"EBEAp^, "EBENOS, ebony. — ' From the Anibic 
and Hebrew • * Mrt, 

*E77*f«, to come iyyis. 

'EyywaAffw, to put iv yvdXtp in the hollow (of the 
hand,) ^ve. So 

"Eyyirii ' a pledge put into one*s hand, surety, bail : 
— a betrothing:' Ldd. — R. iv fr^i yvaXtp, in the 
hollow (of the hand). Above. And thus 

*Eyyh^, near. — For ^i' f T^y, or * iv ]y{n\5 as iv 
ToSwv, tixtioZdov : and so ii^atrny^s* : Blomf. : At 
the hands or hand, at hand. Compare Avo*- : and see 
above. And so 'E| ^Tro-^^ow is used. 

*E7€(p», to rouse, stir, or wake up. — * Prob. akin to 
•Ayetpw*, I^dd. "Aya, 'Aytipw : f E7«, ^Zytlpca, to 
drive on. From this t''E7« are *Eir-6t7« and "Oy fws. 
Thus *Ap6(o and *Ep{w, *A\iu and EDit/w, ElKtos and 
AtKc^s, uEqum. 

'EyKks, at the bottom, deeply : and 

"EyKwra, the entrails. ~ Allied both to fcorik, down, 
and t**'^» t*****'"''*** «€l/4a«, to lie. Above. 

'EyKoicrvpovfiai, to be extravagant like Cossyra, the 
wife of Alcmaeon. 

*EyKoknSd(<a, * est paedlco, k k6\ov, [intestlnum,] et 
[ti8<4«,] /Safyw. Yel, ut Suidas, icaTa-iraTe», i.e. 

^irl k6}mi5 fidlv€iir K6\a 8i 6 yeurrfip i [*co*Xa ? 
an k k6\ov cibus, in ventre positus?] ' Brunck. Ant a 
K<o\4a, KwXii, quod vide. * In Eustathius *EyKo\c^lCt», 
to swallow down, K6AaSos or K6?<Xa€os being a kind of 
cake : to this, Casaub. and Kust. assent Scbuts thinks 
it like Ko\€rpdu, said of prize-fighters ; — to beat down, 
trample upon, met. ruin by calumnies;' Dnn. 

*EyKpU, (5oy, a cake seasoned with oil and honey. — 
R. dy-Kepdta, ^itpw,.to intermix. A medley. (2) 
R. iv Kplva, to select ; KpMyy with choice or judgment. 
See 'EfjLvls. 

'EyKt&fitoVy * pertaining to festivals of Bacchus, or to 
feasts in which the praises of victorious champions were 
sung : a panegyric. R. icwmos: ' Dnn. (2) As sung 
iv K(&fuut in thd villages. 

'Eyp^^opo, to awake, to watch. — * B. c'yefpw, IjyofM, 
kyhyopa, e'p^ityopa ; ' Dnn. With some view perh. to 
cyPofxat, We say tReasure from tHesaurus. 

"Eypoijuu, 'E7p^(r<r«, to be watchful. — B. iy^lpu^ 

*'E7X€Xwy, an eel. — * The etymol. of Damm from ^v, 
l\hsj mud, is probable :' Dnn. But the X ? an i the 
E ? No : Better Lennep, (like liTxos,) for l^x^Xvs from 
€XOfJMi to adhere: Sticky, glutinous. 

*Eyxf<rifi(0poSf ' fighting with a spear, in dose fight 
Some say, cyxos, iMop65: Furious with the spear. 
Others prefer ii6po5 : Whose choice is the spear. Others 
take /icopos for pw\os : Toiling with a spear. Compare 
*l6fiooposy * TAcurd/iwpos, :iifdfiwpo5, which countenance 
the last deriv. : ' Dnn.—* R. t/*^» ••^"^ • ' Blomf. See 

'Eyxos, a spear,— sword. — As KdTxaPw, for f^XOf 
from lx», to hold in the hand. Homer : ''E7X«* ^X^^^cj, 
holding. Compare Habena from Habeo, to hold. 

*E7fll», 'E7ci>v, I. — 'R fa, I am: Damm:' Dnn. 
I.e. i^Vt ff^y, being, existing: *I who am here:' 
Thus <nTa\6€is: and roivos was said for Olwf. In- 
deed the Boeotians said 'lib, 'Icbv, without T. (2) * Ik 
Goth., ic Sax., ich Dutch, ig, ej^.' Todd. * Sanskrit, 
agam : ' Wbst. 

'EBavhs, pleasant ^ As 'EJavbs, eatable, from "TESw ; 
so for 'HSoi'bs from ^Ha to please. See KEBy6s. 

"ESo^s, ground, bottom, foundation, bottom. :—B. 
Uos, a seat : as Kp^A*OX * That on which anything 
rests : ' Dnn. So '^Sc^A.ov is used. 

'Ehiarpoi, taster of dishes for the diners : R. ITSw. 

•ESi'o, bridal presents.— For eJavi, pleasant, accept- 

•E5os, •EJpo, *EU\mv, a seat, foundation;— seat 
for a god, statue. — R. t2f«, ^^op, to seat 

"ESw, «fo, "ESo/ittt, and "Eirflw, *E<ref«, to eat— 
''E8«andfEe«,l2««(a8«X0''»)are^^t«"- Thns 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



* *EwfA€v II. T. 402 from obs. trffu from few, to satiate : 
to which some refer ffi-nv^ tvro in the Homeric eSijT^y 
^1 €pov evTO^ ('satisfied their desire of food',) better re- 
ferred to trifxi :' Dnn. Indeed all these are allied to 
the simple f ^a» : to send away, dismiss my wants, to 
satiate myself, to eat. Even the ccnnmon sense of f^w 
would apply, as Homer : ifiol Karh \aifihv 'lEIH Ov 
irons ovBc Pputris; demittetur, Clarke: bat Heyi)p 
reads *Uirif shoald go, and quotes Horace, ' Descendet in 
ventrem menm'. ^, as in dfAw, fid^riif, ALriv, oA^tf, 
SAcDp, Lat. luDo. (2) Our verb eat^ Icel. eto, Sax. 

"EiUf cr<ra, to seat, settle, E^o/uoi, to sit — R. fl», 
777/ui, to send (down). 

"Edetpa, hair, mane, crest. — B. iBos : As done after 
the fashion. ' Comtos de more capillos', Virg. (J86) 
K. tdelpcc, from the great care taken of the hair. Thus 
Ko/K6» and KJ/it}, Kofn^-KO/Ajo^vras, 'EO-uAoKa/xtSes. 

'EdeZ/xw, to pay attention to. — B. cfloy, as rfvEIPXl, 
ijuEIPA. Thus Homer's ideipti d\wijVj * de more 
colit ' Clarke : and Heyne explains it "EOOS lx«t 
^pydCfcreou. (2) As *£d6A» and e4\a, so ^^eipw and 
f d€(p», Otpof^ whence &€paw€iKo. (3) R. ideipa, which 
see. ' As Fr. peigner is applied in the sense. Take 
special care of, Keep in a neat trim state :' Dnn. 

'EdeAw, 0€A», to wish, desire. — * Some derive with 
probability QeKca from ^^^a^ for aspirat^ :' Dnn. So 
afM, edfxa; eeiXSvfSov, &c. Thus the E in 'EOcAm 
came from the Augment : some say for ipi-, (2) R. 
Ifl«, to be wont. Thus ^t\to» is to be wont and to like. 
Indeed 0fA« is also 'to be wont or accustomed', 
(Dnn.) — Some say eScX A« for \du, to wish. ? ? 

"E&uos, tribe, nation. — R. I^Bos : Living under the 
same laws. (2) R 1^^, ^OriPf to settle in a place. 
Compare 'Etr^y. 

"Edos, custom, usage. — R. 2f«, iBriv, to settle, 
establish : much as &4fiis and eetrnhs frpm rlBrim, 
(2) From t^», t«^*'i •^M^. to be. As *E{w and 
Habitus are ' mos quo res se habeht', so lidos ' mos quo 
res sunt.* The verb f EBat, to be, is in Matthie. (3) 
*£(iD, to put on habits and manners. Curtins has 
* Inditere mores Persarum.' 

Ei, if. — For EUv or EJfn, let it be. (2) For ^U 
imperat. of f^ai, %7]fU', Let be, allow it, Per-mitte, 

El 5* a7€, ' But then, come on I same as E7a 8^ [8i] 
aye. Or El (edeKus) :' Dnn.— Or for f^e imperat. of 
few, tlfiif to go : ft irye agreeing with Bacr/c* Wl 
E?a, come on ! — For *'Ea, which see. 
Zld(o9f ' to shout out E7a, as AidC», Eifd(M :' Dnn. 
Eiatiiyri, 'a low moist pasture, water-meadow. Usu. 
derived from cfarai, ^jnai, they sat down, whence some 
write Eiafi4vri:* Ldd. and Dnn. So'Hfifvos is LOW. 
The rich are said in Eccles. 10. 6 to * SIT in LOW 
place'.— But rather, as Ac^a/iei^, a tank, is the 
particip. of iSe^dfiriVj so Elofitvji of ctdfiriv from ft w, 
efa, Jfw. 


E1f6w, for Acf^w, as Tauaj Ala. 

ETSof), food: for''E8ap from ^'ESw. 

Ef8o/iai, to be seen, to be seen to be, to seem, as 
Video, Videor : — seem what another is, resemble. And 

Ei$ot, the look, form. R. cfSw. 

EtS^AAiov, * a small representation or picture, mostly 
of rural scenes, an idyl: from EfSw, to behold: 'Dnn. 
Or EtBofJuUj to be like, as EfSwAoy. 

EfSw, to see ; EtScw, to know, ' for what one has 
seen, one knows:' Ldd. 'That they may SEE and 
KNOW,' Isai. 41. 20.— As OZpos for "Opoy, so eWw for 
fl8w, fISew, (allied to''E$os, a seat,) to set or fix i.e. 
the eyes upon, as BA^ai is f BAcw, to cast (the eyes 
upon), and 'Eir^orufiai, to know, is from 'E4>i0T7}/if, to 
set (the mind) on a thing, or place myself over it. 
(2) ' Chald. yeda, he knew :' Mrt. * Hebr. ido, to know :' 

EtSwAoy, an image. — B. ctSo/uai, to be like. 

EUvj let it be: for efijffoy. So llytpSEN. 

El0ap/ldap, 'leb, EMs, straightly, directly. — B. 
few, f ^6^v, ftiw, f t^v, to go : So as to go on, not turn- 
ing to right or left, straight on, right on : Prov. 4. 25, 
27. So "I/cTo/) from'iKw. Compare f6/xa a pace. See 

EWe, I wish that.— 'B. d :' Dnn. andWr. So AWe. 
Perhaps aspir. from Efr . 

Effcari, EfKoo-i, 20. — B. Ik^s, as remote from the 
simple numbers : just as *EKarhv also is from Uds. EI, 
as ^Eicari and Elxdri. (2) As ScKo^mu, ^-^Kw, ^Kc- 
Xctp^o, so cfKoo-< from f ^Kw, fx^y to hold, coutain : 
on the principle of A^/ca from AtKOfiai : Pkh. See 
A^tfo. (3) ' B. clicfllfs, [aiKcbs, cequusy'] cegttdlis, like, 
equal : An even number made up of two tens : ' Mii;. 
Or thus : with two like numbers, ten and ten : €uc($<ri 
dat. plur. — N.B. No foreign Boot seems proposed. 

EYxeAos, Ei/c^s, like, from tfBofuUy clxa, to be like : — 
like to happen, likely, probable : — seemly, fit, as Videor, 
to seem. 

Ei/c^, too readily, rashly, confusedly, in vain. EtKcuor, 
rash. ^ B. cKicw, to yield : * Yielding to the impulse of 
the moment : ' Ormst. 

Eficw, to be like, to seem, to seem fit — B. cTSo/um, 
cTico, Videor, to be like. (2) ' Hebr. ec, so as : ' Mrt. 

EifKw, to retire, give way, yield, obey.^R. f"€w, 
felKO, eT/ii, to go. See*H/cw,*Iicw. (2) 'Hebr. ikee, to 
yield:' Wr. 

EIkuoVj likeness : EIk^s, like. — B. cIkw 1. 

Ei\cnrivri 8a?s, a banquet* — *Usu. derived from 
(war*) fiXas iripcOj to drink in companies: others from 
Adirrw :' Ldd. But £1 ? 

ElAop, shelter, covering. — B. rfAw, to shut up. So 

EiKelOvtaj Laclna, Diana. — B. tlXtvOvia, fiK^vOa, 
to come (to one's assistance). ' Ilithyia, tuere matres :' 
Hon (2) B. ^Aew, to pity. (3) ' Hebr. Ued^ to pro- 
create : ' Wr. 

E/Aebs, a den, hole, as ElKap, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



EtXthSj the iliac passion. — * R dKtw, As causing 
the patient to tprithe, or as seated in the small guts 
which become unnaturally convoluted i * Dnn. 

El\4<0f Ei\€w : See Ei\a. 

ETAi;, for^EA?;. 

E?\ii, "lA?;, a crowd, troop, band. — E. etXw, XWw, 
to roll, to crowd. 

El\lyli4o/xau, the same as *A\iy94w, And Ei\i<r<ra 
as 'EKlffffw, 

El\vhs, 'vdfibsy as EiXc^s 1. 

EiKvtnrdofixikf to wriggle about. And 

EiAv^ow, as Ei\^ in 

Et\a>, EtWw, "EAAA, ''IAAw, EiXiuy El\4», EtA^, 
'EKlfftrwj to roll, twist, wrap, crowd, assemble: — enfold, 
hem in, shut up : — twist, wind, creep or crawl along. 
— See in *A\iw. 

£t\»rcs, the lowest class of slaves in Sparta. — 
' Orig. from "EAos Edos^ II. /3. 584, and conquered by 
Sparta. Some from JAcTf, to capture :* Dnn. 

Ef/ui, a garment — B. few, €t^t, to put on. 

Eifxap/jLivri, fate: 'B> fifuipfuu Att for fit/xapfuu^ 
fieipofjuu :' Dnn.: Allotted: one's lot, ^i6pos. 

Elfd^ I am. — R. fl«, ifu, (fjLevcu, to be. See El/xt. 
(2) ' Pers. am, Goth, tm, Sax. eom :' Webst. Our atii. 

EljUt, I go. — R. t^«, t*^*** *^ 6^* 

Ely, E(i3, *Ev, 'Ei'l, in. — Dunb. from HyvvfUffm^. to 
put, place in. (2) From If, particip. of ct;, being, i. e. 
being in a place. As In-mm, (3) ' En, in, or yn Sax., 
Goth., Germ., Swed., Welsh, Lat. Antu Sanskr.*: Wbst. 

ElvdrtptSj ' the wives of a husband's brothers, sisters- 
in-law : ' Dnn. — As €<XEI0via for ciXETButa, so 
Elvdrtpes (like ftryATEPES,) from ETvis a wife : 
an extended fonn of meaning, like Avus, Avunculus. 
So Eustath. and many take it. (2) Lenn. from eroj, 
old: ' Natu grandiores.' Or say HvoSf last: Affinities in 
the last degree, remote. See'^Evi^co. 

Eivaros, ninth, as "Ewaros. 

Eipa(f>t(&T7is, Bacchus. — ' Ace. to some it means 
Sewn into Jupitei-'s thigh : pdwrcOf ^^^cufta : ' Dnn. 
As EIAi7^ Elftapfuu. 

Eipyo), E^tpyUf "Epyu, to shut in, confine ; — shut out, 
drive off, prevent. — R t^/>»i f^p^a, or ipvWfipvKOj epfca, 
* to enclose, guard in,' (Dnn.) So "Apw, ' to fit closely, 
to be closed or shut*, (Dnn.), whence 'ApKiu, to keep off, 
hinder, prevent. 

Efpcpos,- bondage. — R «!p«, to bind, * as perhaps 
Servus from Sero, Serai :' Ldd. 

Eiptaia, a rowing. — R fpecam. 

Elpetru&pri, a harvest wreath bound round with ejpos 
wool, and canied by singers : — their song: — a herald's 
staff so bound. 

El[p7j, "Ipfi, (as EfAT;, "Wrj,) place of assembly : •prob. 
from €tpw to speak :' Ldd. Or ^Cpw to shut in. See 

Eipfju, 'JpTiy, (as above,) • a youth from his 20th 
year, when he was entitled to speak in the [c2pi}] as- 
sembly. Prob. from cfpw to speak:' Ldd. and Dnn. 

Elpiivrj, harmony, peace. — * R. eJpw, to join, or ip» 
to speak, converse:' Dnn. Compai-e *Apfiovla with 
dpoj. In form like creAHNH. 

Eipfjihs, a train. — 'R elp», like Sero, Series ;' Ldd. 

E7pos, "Epos, "Eptoy, *Ep^a, wool. — R. eJpa to weave. 
Dr. J. defines Wool * that which is tooven into cloth.' — 
Grove says ef/w ' to hold together': Joined close to and 
in itself. See ^ETrfirpi/Ms. 

Efp«, to join, bind, string together. — R t^P» (in 
Dnn.), allied to "Apw. So "A^w and *Eyelpw^ *AXiu and 
Ei\vu>, The Latin Sero. 

Etpu, to speak, say : — ask, enquire. — As above : i.e. 
tojom words together : so Plato derives iL See 'Epe», 

EtpuVy a dissembler: Elpcovela, irony.— Some say, 
from etpw, to talk : A mere talker. * Who says more 
than he means'. Dr. Jones. — Or from ttpu to weave 
(deceit). MMovs Ka\ /i^Sc* Sipaivov, Horn. 

Els, neuter 'Ev, one, as Tw<^66lj, Tv<p04v, — Some 
think the Aspirate adAcititious, (as Haud from Oi»8',) 
and Eh to be E!f particip. of eifil, to be : An individual 
being. * Ens est unum': Mrt. (2) Or Ets is participle 
of 'Irifu^ letting go Tall others), one&elf being left alone. 
(3) Some say for jMelf, and *Ey for jMty, answ. to 
Mia : See in M4v. But ? (4) ♦ Heb. his, that which 
is : ' Pkh. (5) Todd compares our acej Germ, ess, 
Lat. as, assis. 

Eh, *Ey, to, into. — R. flw, ^ttrw, ejfju, to go (to). 
So from Xku is "licrap, (2) * F. f ?a?, ^aw^ to send to- 
wards (or to)': Ormst. (3) For €«s. 

*EtaKv, to make like. — Allied to EUa, to be like, as 
f ^Sxo''' Some from 

"Etcroy, "itf-os, alike, equal. — R. (I^ofuu, elaofiaif to 
be like. Compare Et«» 1. And "icrnfii. 

E7to, so then, thus then, thereupon, therefore, fur- 
thermore :■— even thus, neverthelcbs. — *R €i:' Dnn.; 
If it be so. To, as 'Ora Dor. of "Or*. (2) E?to 
short for "EweiTo. 

*Ek or fEKS, 'E|, from. — R. tinu, {w, to go away. 
(2) ' Chald. HK, to go :' Pkh. 

'E#cdj, far iK from. Moucpav At* avrSov Matth. 8. 
30. But some from EU<a to retire. 

"E/cowttoj, each separately from the rest. — R. exds. 
So our Sundry from Sunder, Asunder : Sever and Several. 
* We are separated one far from another :' Nehem. 4. 19. 

*Eic<£T€poy, each of two, each by himself. — R. trepos 
licds reversed. 

'EKdrHj Hecate, Diana: "Ekutos, Apollo, also 'Ekuttj^ 
$6\os. So both called for their far-shooting. 'Ek^s, &c. 
"EKdri, "Ektiti, on account of, from tK^Vj wiUing for 
any purpose or object. ' I did it on account of him.' — 
Also, * by the pleasure, will, fayor, or aid of : a dative, 
from the same origin as tKuv :' Dim. 

'EKaTdfifirif hecatomb, when prop. ^Karhv ^ovs were 

'EKarhy, 100. — R. ^iciy, far : Remote from the units. 

'E«€t, there.— Allied to 'Ekus, far off. Or, At that 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



distance ix from this spot CZ) <Chald. haca, here': 
Mrt.? *~ V / 

'EKtwos, the man ixti there, that. 

*EKif\os, unmolested, at ease, at leisure, secure, quiet. 
* — As 'EKtby is'HKCtfv from V«. so'EiojAor ia^HiojAoy, 
able to come and go, just as *EX€v$tpo5 from flAei^w. 
HA02 as )8^i8HA02. 

'EifKXr^crfa, assembly ; cV-KaA.c», .icA/«. 

*E»fo^(rwy, willing ; R. ^xiDif, owra, 

*E«ir<ryAo*', striking with awe. — ^For "EKKKceyos, from 
iicwK^ffftf, ^«rAcryoK. 

*E«>/i«iy, Babltuar.— k lx"» ^«to4, habeo, habitum. 

'E^T^s/si^rth^ ^,'Us, iKdyhtf, as J^koTOX So the 
<r is drop^m 'Etf-wi-JeKo. ^ . 

*E«fT8s; on file outside.— •Erf,'^<cT^s, as 'Ek, *EKT(Jr. 

'Ektwd, an anchor : as holding the ship. See '£«- 

'E«cwpi|s^ a father-in-law.— Dr. Jones says: * From 
Arab, h^ar. It means a father adopted'. — But, (like 
jSSeATPO^ ) as 'Efcc^v is "HKuy^ so 'ZKvphs is of the 
same' origin : ad-ventitious, coming into the family. 
Compart Nedr, new, from Neo/ti^ to come : A stranger, 
Ad-rena,* "Eir-r/Auy. 

explams ' 
see '£^€1 

Hebr. hell 

^< ipip^iments, ready.' 

'V "T^) '^,€UarU) yield. Or, Hebr. 
*? Pkh.' ; ^' ' ' 
;o|. the otive-*^-— P^^- says: 'From 
iiifle'.* As 'Well then from cAt; whence 
2«Aaj, splendor. .(Z>.* R. f ^A<i«, to push forth (leaves) :' 
Damm. So' Homer callai, It rav{f-4>vWos, jJif^t-ir^TTjAos, 
rriKeddovffa. (3) ' R. cAo;. ' As fond of marshy places :' 

"EAfluov, oil of *EAo/a, olive. (2) Affinities in Sax., 
Armor., Welsh, Irish, Germ. &c. Lat. oleunij our oU. 

'E\dvri, the same as 'EAen;. 

^EAo(r/ia, metal beaten out. — R. f^AcJw, iKaipw^ to 
beat out. 

*E\da-(rwUj less. — R. ^AaxH " BaOhsj Bdfforcov, 

*E\dTrij a fir: — oar or spear made of it : — a boat — 
* Perh. from [^Aora*,] iKavifa : from its straight 
growth : * Ldd. * Like mountain firs, as tall as they : ' 
Hom., who calls it obpayO'fx'f}K7js, — Some make the 
oar primary: 'EAATQSI liSyrou *feAATN0NTE2, 

'EA^tt;, shoot of the palm-tree, derived prob. as above. 
Compare Palma, the palm-tree, and the greater shcot or. 
leader of the vine, and the broad part of an oar. 

'EAar^p, a broad flat cake, as iXarhs beaten out 
See ''EKota-fxa, 

'EAavvw, fE\do9, to drive, drive or beat away, beat 
out — *EtX«, EiAcw, "lAAw, *EKa6v<o, are kindred 
words :' Dnn. See 'AAEfl, primitive, to drive. 

"EAa^os, a deer. — As Kp&rA*Ot, f8A*05. R. 

i\dMf iXaiycOf from its agility, which from Ago, Agilis. 

44 ' 

*EAa^p^s, nimble, light, as an "EAo^os: for ^Aa- 

*EAax^y, small. — Prop, beaten out, i\ri\ati4vos. 
( *Eha0pi/Sy "EXcupos, *EAax^^, all perh. from, or at least 
akin to f EAo« :' Dnn. 

"EA^o/xoi, to wish for, long for. — Mrt, well from 
f ?Ao», to take (with the eyes,) as A^ is to take and to 
desire. See &AAW, /i^AA». 

"EAcas, some bini, *perh. as frequenting the lAca 
marshes :' Dnn. 

''EA670S, a teraent,' elegy. ^R. I alas, Arjw. (a) 
Some from iAryw, ? 

•EA«7X«» to eifamine, prove, convict^ expose, refute. — 
As iviTKcOj Korxdvof. For f A^x*» '^^ ^^^» ^X^i to 
hold m the light4)f the sun, as E^-lcj^u^r, examined in 
the sun. (^) R. ^t^^* *^°'^t ^ *A\l<rK», to seize, 
to take in tKi iSt',' (i). Bp.' Bljbihf. from f ?A« lyx^s, 
to seize a spear as in feudal tiihes to determine a charge 
against one. • ' ■ 

'EA«^, *E\4ihs^f 'EAe^y, 'feAfl^, ElAwtof, "1X770^, 
"OAwr, * a 'HorQfouse' or squirrel';— ^&ls4 a hawk : — an 
animal called in Fr. Loir, ^he same gfetius as^the Dor- 
mouse. 'Peffi.. from E/Ae^s a bole or hiding-place :' 
Dnn. (ttf *'R?'«iAfe* the squirrel from whirling ita 
tail:' Greg. .(3) 'Alliciii'to 'EAtvvw, (whkh see^) to 
be inadtiVe:^ Ae dormouse. 

'EAeAet; war-cry, like *AAaA<i. 

'EA«^^gi>,U t5ry *EAfA«^.' 

'EA€Af§tf, to ivhifl, twist, much as *EA(<r<r» redupl. 

•EA^vi^, a light, lamp.— R. lAi?. 

*EA^i^,*a wicier-'basket to carry the sacred utensils: 
perh. fR)o} lActyJto tak4 ;' Ldd. and Dtin. 

"EAeojj^pffy.^It Akia to roll i A cdmmotion of the 
bowels: 'bjweli of mercieff^' NI'T. So^IAaoj is pro- 
pitious fronlfAAw orfiXXcbl (a) *Chald. ala, to la- 
ment :' Mrt 

'EAeof, -ov, *a table on which meat is cut np, a 
kitchep-taSfe?* Dnn.*^— Damm from 4A«Tv, Bi-tKeiv^ to 
divide. - *(£) Lenh. from iit^M, to revolve, as Versatilis, 
that may be easily turned. Sueton.: 'Goenationes ta- 
hulis versatilibus* 

*EA6(nrls, *low ground, marsh land: from lAor, 
€A6os :' Dnn.' See ikUVi, OXaXfllX 

*E9i.^tpbs, frac^R. f^AeiJflw, as <^0i3EPO2 : Com- 
ing and going as he pleases. /Thou walkedst whither 
thou wotftdeS', John S?l. 18.' Se# *lKav6f, So Venia 
from Venio. ■|'*EA€^tf« is allied to *EAa^y«, to adyance. 

.*£^€0a//)<v, • tq cheat with empty hopes, (from i\4. 
4>as,) said of the dreams that come through the cA^ 
ipcunos ivory gate, Od. 1^. 565 : a play of words betw. 
^A64>a$ and i\e<paip(o :\Ldd. (2) R. 4\€upp6s : To 
make light of. E as vrifiEpr^s, irEAc/xi^w, icEXv^s, 
grEssus. So p dropt in Zpv^pyoKTos. 

*E\€(f>ajn[curtSf a leprosy, wrinkling up the skin like 
an ^A^^ai^os elephant's. 

*EAE^AS, an elephant — ^Hebr. eleph, an ox:' 
Mrt So the Romans called them ' Lucanos BOYES.* 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



'EK'ri, £?\97, the heat of the son. — Much as f^duf 
'SdKoi and ZdKij'i X4(UjX4\vs'^ fr4w^ T4\os; so few, 
i\ri, the emission (from the snn), as 4i\lov BoX^. See 
^EAof. (2) *R €i\4u: As caased by the revolving 
sun :* Ewing. (3) ' Hebr. hdj to shine :' Mrt. 

'EKiK^j a winding, twisting;; — *a willow, from its 
flexibility, also *'£A.(|; — the Great Bear, as seeming to 
revolve through the Pole;* Dnn. — R. cAWw. 

'E\ticti>y, thread hanging from a distaff, and winding 
round the spindle as it turns. — ,Above. 

*E\whs, tendril, -«• vine.* * What ris wound round or 
curled :' Dnn. — B. ^i\ica, kXtmru. 

'EAiwa, to take rest-, keep hotid»y, stand stilly be 
idle. — * Prob. from dogs, &c rolling themselves up in 
sleep : iXiWw r^ Ann. (2) "' Hebi-. len^ to rest ; ' Wr. ? 

*EAi{, anything twisted or twisting, armlet, earring, 
— eddy, whirlwind, — tendril, — curl of hair ;— feeler of 
the polypus ;:^boweK ft^ni their ' eenvdutions ; — a 
spiral line ; — vault — From 

'EAWav (fl#^ to twist, roll, &c. — Allied to EtXeo), 

'EKixpvffos, * a creeping plant with yellow flower or 
fruit :' Ldd.-^K. f^Xi», ixliriroif XF^^^^' 

*'£Ajcos, a WQund, — running sore, ulcer. — R. U\ico»; 
A wound made by a spear dragging the flesh with it 
and tearing it, like Aia-cnrciw. — But Pkh. : ' As the 
sore seems to attract the morbid juices to the affected 
part.* Schleusn. : * Qnbd vitiosos attrahat bumores.* 

"EXfw, to <lraw, drag. — R. t*^"» t*^**> *® "^^2** 
(Z) R. f^Xtiw^l^Xoico, fl^\ico,^Aai;j'«, tourge forward, 
drive. Thus foAcw, .oXrfKw. (3) * Hebr. hiUechy to 
make to go :^ Mrt/ - 

'EAAeSaral, band for binding corn-sheaves. 'EXA^s, 
E^Xiy, a bond.— R.'fXX« '. to rSl up. So /StyEAANOI. 

"EXXc/Ht, / Udi sam^e as flrXXvpa, SWwrai* Steph. 

*EXXby, "EXXotj^^ owoy,^ dtimb. Plutaf ch explains robs 
ixOvs IXXairas b)»4f;jno»rr.r tifv "Owa 'EXXo/a€i^»' hoI 
tcar'€iprfOfiivtiv^ havinj; the voice straitened and shut 
up. "EXXoip is also a fish in g|eneral, ^mutis piscibus*, 
Hor. — and a particAlar.^dft.'^ */#ome render *EXXb$, 
swift, from f^^o*, iXuinxa :' Dnn. « 

*EXXby, *EXX^s, a fawn. -^ As just above, frotti 
■f^X(£«, i\a(f¥Uj to drive: from , their agility, (ago, 
agilis,) as^EXou^^y. *LlbB the ftowidwigr^roe:' Pope. 
(Z) 'Hebr. ayal, a stag:' Mrt. 

"EAXfltf : in £2Xo». "E^XXtrc is ^come on*, and has the 
sense of 'EXot^yere, drive on. So "hye, 

"EX/iti/s, a worm. — B. IXX», cX/ixoi, to roll or twist 
about. See E^Xi^. 

*'EXos,a marsh. — As fTew, TcXos; fSda, SctXos; 
X^«, XeXi/s ; so fE«, ''EXos, (See ^EXiy,): As emitting 
vapors or exhalations. Justin speaks of the ^palvdivm 
gravis nebula* Dryden of ' a land of hogs^ a heaven fat 
with fogs,^ (2) R. €\% heat of the sun, perh. heat 
generally, just as *AX6a is used of both : From the tepid 
nature of marshes. 

*EXirl5, hope or fear. ^EXwo/mu, to hope, — to. think. 

— Like "EXJo/uai to wish, from feXw, to seize with thei 
mind, n, as /ieXHw, dtixtlw, aiKTltyi, vdpUri, 
^X€0-ni2, dXdaTLVi, 

'EXu/ta, the stock or handle of the plough as turn- 
ing it round: — a cover or case, as wrapping or enfold- 
ing. B. 4\VQ9, 

*Z\vfW5, a case, sheath, quiver: — flute-case, and 
flute. — Above. . 

"EXOTpoi', a cover, case, as "EXv^s : — sheath, shell, 
cistern, reservoir. 

*EX!^, 'EAvw, to roll, wrap, coil: in Ef\». 

f EXw, to take, seize. -:-Prop. to hem in, and so take* 
See Erx»,*AAEa, and V Xlo-xo/iai. 

*EX»p,' capture, booty. — Above. 

'E/niSks, 'E/ij8(£5«>»', a shoe — R iv, fids : Into which 
we get, or in which we go. 

*£/uc!io, to vomit. — R. feo;, I/acu: whence "Ev-c/ut: 
To throw up, cast the stomach. 

*EfiLfJiafir4ws, forthwith. — * Some from &/x' ^wei, No 
sooner said than done : — better from 4y, fia7r4uv, to 
seize : Clutching at, and so hastily :' Ldd. So Rapio, 
Rapidly, Raptim. 

E/i/Aarew, to put the fingers down the throat to cause 
sickness. — * From fuiT4w, allied to fidaaw, to handle, 
work with the hand :' Dnn. — Allied to Marci^, to 
seaitsh, explore. 

*EMOT, MOT, *EMOI, MOI, *EME, ME, of me, to 
me, me. — ^ME Armor., Sax., Sanskrit : MO Gaelic. 
The Hindoos use ME in the Nom., as in Celtic MI :* 

'E.fivd(ofjuu, to busy oneself about. — As vlMirXiifu, 
r6Mw€UHfv, &MrXfltK€a^<, ^t ^4w<L(piJM from lir», to 
be occupied in. See *6ircl^w. (Z) R. 4y^ iras. As the 
Horatian ' Sam totus in.illis.' • (3) R firclw, pasco^ 
pavi, to lead sheep. Compare TUuwy, (4) Allied to 

"EfAvaios, experienced in. — R. iVy volte : Well beaten 
or drubbed or stricken in, as 'Ev'TpiS^s^ and Tpi€<oy. 
We say, Well-striekei^ in age. (Z) * From, or akin to 
*EfJivd(ofjuu :*/ Dnn. 

"E/iiroy, "Efwro, "E/iimj?, i.e. 4y iro<rt, in all respecte, 
entirely : — every thing viewed together, taking in every 
thing, on the whole : — for all that, all the same for that, 
nevertheless. *And for ALL there were so many', 
John 21. 11. ' For a« this,' Isa. 5. 25. 

*£/iir«ptt/io$, the same as 'Efiviipofios from Uupa. 

'E/Airls, /8of, a mosquito. — R 4fjL'Trlyu: Drinking in 
the blood. As Ai-kKU, ISos^ from K\iyw, 

"E/xvKfiyj near to ; from 4vj veXduj f irXou, to draw 
near. Ako for nKijv, 

'E/iiro8ciu', iy m the way iro8»v of the feet, so as to be 
an im-pedmenL 

"EfiTTwaa, a hob-goblin, that went on one foot as 
an ass's, the other being of brass. — For cv-iroucro, from 
tVf irovs : als ^Miro5fii;i'. (2) For €vov<ra, as ivo/x^yfi, 
following, pursuing. So riiMvoMoy, "Evofxai is 'to 
cling, stick to a thing so as to follow its motions': (Ldd.) 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



(3) * All call ber'E.uTovo-a'f says Demosthenes, ' 8t& rh 
wdrra voietv Ktd ird<rx«u', from her wonderful activity 
and constant change of form*: i.e. from ifi-votovaa. 
Bat rather in the f>ense of ifi-ToiA, * to excite in, as 
terror, Polyb. xi. 12. 5 :' (Dnn.) 

*EfJup€piiSy like : <l>ipow bearing iy in himself a resem- 
blance to another. So *Efi^(fw is ' to resemble any one' 
(Dnn.) ' Qui te tantilm ore re-ferret ;' Virg. 
'El', in : in Ely, 

•Ev, one thing. — Nenter of E&, as Tv^fl«ls, rv^$4y. 
(a) Some for M^v, which see. (3) * Sax. an^ Germ, em, 
Swed. en, IceL emn, Welsh yn, Armor, tman, Irish aon ;' 

'Eycdpea, to kill.— R iy, aXpat, to take, as (Inter- 
emo,) Inter-imo. Inter-ficio, Inter-neco. (2) Buttm. 
cnriously as sending one to the l^vEpoi infernal regions. ? ? 

"Eyapa, spoils taken from the slain. — R fy-alpco, 
iy-apw, to take : see *Ey4K09, Some from iyalpu to slay. 

*Eyapy^Sj conspicuous. — ^ Some from iyjpy^. Better, 
4y, hprybs or ipT^* •' ^^^ 

*Eya.Ths, ninth. — R Ma, 

^EyZ^Kix^io, ' continuance, persistence, duration. The 
Etymology not to be confounded with iy-nKixiiai* 
Dnn. Yet very prob. it is the same word, though used 
in a different sense ; ^vA€\ex«a being put for ivTcXc- 
X«ia, as menTior, men Tax makes meuDax. — R ^i', 
rcAoj, ^x» : ^ holding on to the end : * He that en- 
duretfa unto the end', N.T. *Ey in compounds, says 
Dnn., denotes ' approach [TO] :' and again, *Ev is Dor. 
and ^ol. for '£s, whence the Latin In^ TO, governs an 

"Eytoy, 'EfSoi. within. — R ly, much as 'Ekt^j. 

•^vKw, entrails. — *R Moy, like "Eio-epo:' Ldd. 
Bather from 4v-Ziy4w, *■ to move or roll about ' (Ldd.). 

"Ev^ioiy in the open air, * sub Jove frigido', from Alf, 
Aihs, Jove. Also, in mid-day. Ai^s iy ipdti, Eurip. 
For Jupiter was the author of light and father of day, 
called (Dies-pater,) Diespiter. Macrob. says ' Cretenses 
diem Ala vocant.' (2) The Punic dia, day, Welsh 
diau. Armor, di. Hind, diw, Gipsey diwea. So Canin., 
Wachter, Webst. 

*EySvK4as, ' zealously, heartily, earnestly. Prob. from 
4y^ Bva, ScSvKa : piercingly, in the depth of the heart :* 

*Eyh{w, induo, to put on : 4y, 8tW. 

*Eyta, *Eyy4a, nine. — From Iws, belonging to the 
last year or moon, and indeed ' last ' as said in "Evos, 
* Appertaining to the last unit', Lenn. We find INNos 
as well as fNof for ' yearly.' (z) Dnn. from y4o5, be- 
cause he finds Novus, Novem, and the Teutonic Neu is 
New and Nine. But the E ? and he is obliged to say 
that this connection is difficult to explain. In fact ' No- 
vus ' is yios, y4Fot : and, as SeicA, decEM, so iy4A, 
eneEM ; and as NEos is NOVus, so eNEem is eNOVem, 

''Ev€ico,*'Ei/€ic6V, on account of, with respect to. — As 
he Aspurate seems uncalled for iu 'Hyiofiaiy^lorap^ I 

Haud, &c. so ilytKa ibr fytxa from iy4Kw, (which see,) 
4v4xo/iatj * to be under the influence of or subject to :' 
(Dnn.) — "Ex^ indeed may here mean what Fero, La- 
tum, do in * with re-ference to', * in re-lation to.' Com. 
pare oportet, it im-ports, it is iim^poriant, from porta, 

*Ey4K», ^another fonn of 4y4yX«o :' Dnn., and so for 
4y-4x», as d^Kofieu : To hold in (the band),, bear. 

*Evcdf, *£ivcof, *dumb, silent, dull, silly. — Some 
from a, y6os. But it differs from'Avews merely in 
form :' Dnn. E, as "Eptniy, 

'Ei^vtf, to tell : 4y, hrtt, prop, to tell among. — 
Buttm. as lengthening of Hw, But the N. ? 

"Evcpac, N^pac, from below. — For *Ey4po0f horn 

'^epoi, inhalatants of the infernal regions. — R 4y, 
-ft^fta whence fpaC^, the earth. (2) Simply 4y, as ^o- 

'Eytala, suggestion. — R 4y, f5f«, fffoi: As sent into 
the mind. So 

*Eyrrii, a clasp. — B. ^v, ercu, from l» : Sent in, 

"Evri, 'Emj : See "Eyos 2. 

*Ey^, * in Aristoph. Ach. 610 *once*, from ty : writ- 
ten in the Schol. 2mj, of the fonner year, formerly. 
Brunck ha8*EN*H OTK, once or never ;' Dnn. 

'Ei^f, kind. — R 4y, 4t>s, 4rio5, good. 

'Ei^Xara, ' the four posts of a bedstead ; — the two 

upright sides of a ladder ; — linchpins of a wheel R 

4y, 4\a^ya>, [ffAarou,] :' Dnn. Driven in. 

fEyfiyo$€ : See 'Avci^votfc. 

'^Eyea, here.—* R 4y, in :' Ldd. 

"EyBty, thence. — ^As^Ev^o. Qty as in o&fxu'oeEN. 

*Eyl : in EtV. 

'Eviaurds, a year. — B. 4yl,a^6s: Returning in or 
into itself. * In se sua per vestigia volvitur annus :' 
Vire. (a) R ^fvos, a year. ? 

'Eyuchs, single. — R ty, as MaytK6s. 

"Eyioi, some : i. e. Ivi ot, 4yl-9iaiy ol, there are those 
who. So 

'Eyi^e, sometimes, &< Urt, Above. 

*Eyiirru, to address, announce, like *Ey4ira, and to 
address with rebuke, to chide : — Also to attack, said of 
actions. — R. 4yiiru, much as fWrw, firijr^Tw, iriirruf. 
But "Iirrw, to oppress, may seem to apply in some 

*Eviawu, to tell, relate, speak. — B. 4yy lir«, as 'Exw, 

' Ei'f(r<r«, * same as *EWirT», differing only in form, 
to , assail with reproaches :' Dnn. 'Evdrrw, ^Wttw, 

*Evy4a : in *Ey4a. 

"EyvoSf^Eyyos, jeaxiy. See'Evos. 

'Eyvufit, to put on.— R. few, as S§««, :&€4yvvfu, 

'Eyyv6s or 'Ew^r, Nwos, a daughter-in-law. — R. 
4y, ytvfjMi or f vcvojuai, the same as yt'o/noi : As coming 
into the family. So Ne'oj, new, is from yeofiat : A new 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



f Evos or fEvoy, a year, cmmus, found in the Gram- 
marians. — Like^Erof, from fl«, ilfii, to go : much aa 
{Mdoo,M€vos; f Fiiw, TeVos. ^Eunt anni :' Ov. — Or 
€«, mitto, praetermitto : Passed by. See the next. 
"Ei'os or Ei^os, * of a year, a year old, belonging to 
the last year: — ewj icai vco, the old and new moon, 
the last day of the lunar moon : — tyai apxai, the ma- 
gistrates of last year:' Dnn. Prop. * gone', * past'; 

* last', from t?«, to go, or few : see deriv. of "^wr, above. 
Some compare "Avw, to finish, and avBEvnis. So Plenus 
annus, and XlXeicI;!/, a year. — But aHpiw icoi ei^, to- 
morrow and the day after : deduced by Ldd. from ely, 
4v6Sf i.e. ONE day more. (2) *Hebr. wnee, to 
change:' Wr. 

"EvoffiSy a shaking. — Many suppose a form iv6Bw, 
from ^i', f dS0«, &cr<a, to push. 

*E>^aS^o, ^EvBavra, in this place, to this place. — 
The last word points to Ivtfo, awrrf ; in that very place. 
(Z) R. iuy rairrhy with da as lv©A : for 'EyraoTSda. 

"Eyrco, 'arms, armour: — utensils, outfit, furniture, 
tackling. — ButtnL from cVw/Ai, [iVrai,] :* Dnn. Or 
ely, gen. €Vt6s. 

'£yre?.6X6ia, 'the absoluteness, actual being of a 
thing, that by which a thing actually is. Prob. from 
iv T€\6t ^x^tVj to be complete or absolute, on the 
analogy of vow-4xcta:* Ldd. Therefore rather the 
€MJC. TcAoy : The having perfection in (it). 

"Eprepa, the entrails : lpr6s, 

'Ei/rfvdeyj 'Ei^cOrci', thence. — Like *EvO(ah'a. The 
E like vE^s, XEcby, yrifiEpriis. 

*Evrhsy within : h, as 'Ek, *Ekt6s. 

'Evriofy *Evrvvcty to furnish,- provide, prepare. — * R. 
Ii^ea:' Dnn. So 2K€vd(w from ^Keifos, 

*Euvd\ioSf Mars, the brother of *Euv<i. 

'Epviphj an otter, living iy in the 68«/) water. 

*Ewd>, Bellona. — Eustath. from Irw, i.e. 4>^i/o>, 
(0<Jyos,) to kill : as A«f§«, Efgw. (2) Allied to 'AviJw 
to despatch. See abBEvrns. 

*Ev(^ia, * the walls at the sides or entrance of a 
portico or hall (Damm,) or those first seen on entering : 
eV, anrl : ' Dnn. 

•E|, from : in *Eic. 

*Ei, six. — The Hebr. shesh or (softly) ses is pro- 
posed. — Sanskr. ahashta ; and affinities are stated in 
the Saxon, Gothic, German, Danish, &c. — Yet*E| may 
well be allied to 'E|^y, next after, as 'H l{^s, the next 
day. Espec. as in some languages the numbers go to 5 
only, and then 5 and 1,5 and 2, &c. 

'E^oKTijy, 'from Hvra, as Kar-dvrriSy Upmr-dyrris: 
Not exposed, hence unharmed, sound, whole: — free 
from : ' Ldd. * From e^ ivmnlas^ in a different stote 
from what he was before:' Herm.— * For 'E^oiniiTijy, 
from i^aviv : Perfect :' Dr. Jones. 

'E^omivriSf suddenly, * Ion. for *E^al4>yris :* Dnn. i.e. 
for 4^axl>lirn5, But perhaps from fiTT», as mentioned in 

* AX<l»nfis, 

'E^mrXdo'ioSj -irA^tnos, sixfold. — See in AiwXdffuts, 

"E^atmtf * rough edge left by tearing linen : also 
'E^ecmy. Prob. from fe^cC^oftat, as Aicurfia from 
Aid(i)fiai : ' Ldd. and Dnn. — *'E|€<rTty from, ^i, tardtOf 
aa in E J-corcb, would agree with Damm's explanation, 
* the ends of threads standing out o/* cloth.' 

'Efijy, 'Elefijy, one after another, in a row, next : — 
immediately. — R ^x^tuu, HofuUj to hold on. 

''E^ty, habit of body or mind. — R. Ix»» *l»> ^ Habit 
from Habeo. 

*E^lrn\os, gone off, vanished. — R. ej, cT/ii, tro*, 
to go. 

'Elo^Xryy 8//oj, an action of ejectment. — R. ^|, ^AX«, 
IoAa, to roll one out of. ^ Evohas istos ex pi«d&:' 

^Elovcrfa, power. — R. i^, &if oZaa : as "Elcor*, it is 
in our power. So Ilap'ovaria. 

"Eloxa: in'Oxa. 

"E^Wf out : i^f as 'Ey, "Etrta. 

*E6pyffj a pounder, pestle, spoon. — R. Ispyu, ^opya t 
Working well, kneeding. So *OpyA(a. 

*EopT^, a festival. — R. ofw, l^oprai, (See above,) ; 
Excitatio : A day or occasion of exciternent and con- 
course. Aspirate, as in 'Opyudu and Bortor. (2) R. 
cTp», ecprai, f coprai, to join together, to assemble. So 
'Ecpfiei'oy, joined. 

'E^y, his : R. I, as T«, T€<Jy. 

"EirdK^iSf a bulwark. — R. ^t*, ixiicu^ whence i\- 
<£Aicctf, |«, to ward off. 

*Eiro(r(r^€poy, one crowding on another. — ^^R eir*, 
Av, f ffwT^y as in &€6(r-(nno5, (2) R ^ir', Stro-ov, very 

*Eiravpda : in 'Airavp<£». 

*Er6l, 'EiretS^, 'Eircdi^, &c., thereupon^ consequently 
upon that, because : — close upon the time that, from or 
after the time that — Allied to 'Eir(, 

*Eir6/7», to drive on, press on, press hard on.— i 
Allied to *Eir-d7», as * Ay eipw to *E76tpci», and "Oy fios 
to "Atw through a verb f E^w. (a) R. Iiro/ueu : 
To make to follow. In form much as rfiiiFQ. (3) 
Buttm. compares irii^u. See *Ed4\a. 

*E7f€l(rioVf *Eiri<r€toyj crinis tegens pudenda. — Grove 
ben^ explicat ew-ewr-t^i', Agoing over into.' Vide 
*EirnyK€vlB€s, et vocem 'Aoprij ut explicatam suprk k 

"ETCtro, thereupon, thereafter, therefore, then.*— R 
iv* fir Ok. (a) R iie€l, and to as in^Oro. 

*Eirfyf)vod€ : in *Av€vi\voBf, 

'Eir^y, an attendant : liro^at. 

'EireTO<ro-6, * same as 'Eir-^ruxe, fell in with or met. 
So T<J<r<roy, happening to be, like Twxfi^*'. Allied perh. 
to T^ov :' Ldd. *tT<^«, [fT^J^roj,] is. like frtW, frew, 
rcfi^w, to extend to, to reach :' Heyne. — Pauw thought 
it for f t'ir€tfo<r<r«, from Bo6s : Ran up to, ' 

'EinryccWScy, * the long planks nailed along the up- 
right ribs of the ship : prob. from iveyKtlv : ' Ldd. and 
Dnn. ' Stretching along over : * Grove. Corrupted from 
*Eir-ijy€7ff(86y. See "EmrXayo^. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



*E»ijeTovis, yearlj. — R ^ir*, *ros : Year upon year. 
The £ doabled. 

"EmiKvs, a stranger. — R Ar*, f^Aci^w, ^Xvrai, 
vpocr-^AvTos. Ad-vena. 

*EirnptdCwt to threaten. And 

*Eir^p€to, a curse : M, itfitid. 

'E^T^s, * able and willing to conyerse, and so rational, 
kind, gentle:' Ldd.---R. fliretf : as Affiibilis, Affable: 
and "Hmos, 

*EirfirptfAoSt * fmn ^l, iirptop. Orig. woven on or to, 
thick, close, thronged :' Ldd. (a) R. ^irl, rpla : Three- 
fold.. H, as in iitflerap6s. 

'£t1, upon, over, near upon, close upon, dependently 
upon, upon condition of ; — in addition to, i.e. one thing 
on another. — Fr6iki j(hw as allied to t&w, Lat. apo, 
(Forcell.) fiwrw, Lat. apto* So 'Ayeipw^ *Eytip» ; "ApWj 
Eipu ; "A^flo, "Oy fios ; &c. 

'E»i'/38a», 'Eirifididcu, thb day aftera festival.— R. M, 

*ETn(ap4ci>, a dialect of *Evt-$ap4w, as Z4\ku of 
BdXhM, (a) R ealpw. To sweep over. 

*Ewifci^«\of, sharp, vehement — R Arl, (a, ^4\os, a 
stone, rock. So *A-^A^j. (a) B Arl, f fdi^cXos al- 
lied to zaxij and Z^, like Ydw, Yo^xifNis. (3) * Hebr. 
tibelj a torrent :' Wr. 

'Em-fipavoSf suiting, aiding ; — warding off. — As 

'ErdiipoSy pleasant. — R M, Apoo, ^ptv, iipapw, to 
suit, (a) R ^l, ipdw, to love. 

*E7riKdp<riot, from hrUKop^ on the head, head-foremost 

*EmKovpi»^ to-help, as an 

*EiriKoupos, helper in war, from Kovpos*^ as Kovpoi 
'Axouuy is rendered by Damm * soldiers', for it b youths 
Who go to war. Seie 'OirX^cpot. 

'EiriydoTiof , sejonmiug in a country, as *%ir-oi«cof. — 
R M, vaiUf ^vdwy' yfvcurrai. 

'Eiriyeiov^ sea-port — R ivlj mwj, g. P€t&s. 

'Eir/vcil/iy, cloudiness. — H. "fptfpoi, 'I'w, y^^os. 

'Eiri^ov, a chopping-block. — R ^cdvwj l(i7va,'to 
pluck, -cut, strike*, (Ewing). 

'EtrlvKoOj "EirrtrAo, * propw things pertaining to the 
rigging and equipment of vessels ; — household furniture, 
moveables :' Dnu. — R Arl, ir\6os, ir\ws, a sailing, (a) 
For *£ir<ir($Aaia, tMngs ivito^s UD the surfaoe, opposed 
to fixed, i.e. moveable. 

• 'Bn-IirAoof, the caul, ' membrafie .wbiob Aovers and 
hangs over the fo*e part of the inlesfiiues :* Dim. — R 
^irl, v4\Uy to be, or voAcm, firA^w* •< j 

'EirinQAiis, on the surface, on the top. — R M, on, 
ireActf, ir^oAa, to be. 

'Ewlffuov : in *Eircio'ioi'. 

*ETri<rrafiaiy ' to place myself over a thing, understand, 
know : Ion. for *£4>-I(rra/icu, from *E^'lrrnfAi:^ Ewiog. 
We say to Understand, (a) R ^ir*, foT^/ic, whence 
"Iirrwp, Knowing. 

'Emtrrfi/xrif knowledge. — Above. 

*Ericrro)3iw, to insult, mock. — R artlfiWj loroiSa: 
To trample upon. 

*Eirtrdi^oOoSf gen. thought the same as 'EwlfpoBof, 
which from p66os. *Ew\ r& for *£irl t6j^. But 
Lycophron bais rdfpoBof ; this then, with Ewing, from 
rafipisf rapirhsy the sole of the foot, or simply the foot ; 
0^, d&f to run : Running on the foot, i.e. to bear help. 
Compare Boughs firom fi<ni-$4o9. 

*Eirin}8cs, * from M t<£8c, [or M r^Sf , for this pur- 
pose,] for special purpo^ies, purpo:»ely. 'Euir^Sctos, 
made for the purpose, fit suitable ; Ot ^irir^Scioi, ser- 
viceable, friendly, as Necessarii : Ldd. (a) R f reUi, 
^rfihiP, (as waf)a-/3A'48i|v,) rcii'a, tendo, intendo, at- 
tendo, as we say wtentitmaUtf. Or cUtenHvelyf as 

*Einrnii€^ is to practise /assiduously, study. — Above. 

'EniTTPON, a confection of olives : in some way 
allied, one would think, to virvpls 4\ata, a kind of small 
olive. Tvp^s seems inapplicable. — (Veiy rare.) 

'Eiri^0^(», to spit upon. — B. ^irl, m-vco; xr be- 
coming 4>6, somewhat as 8ovp£Ai}«Ta, BovplKri(pO\ 

"Ewofjuuj to follow *Eirl upon : and allied to *Airro- 
fuu to touch. 

'EiromM, a cry to mimic that of the 

"Eiro^', oiros, «jn^, the hoopoe or whocp, — Yarro 
from its sound pu pu. See above. 

"Evof, saying, word: lir«. 

'Eirrdi, seven. * Hebr. teba:* Mrt * So the Chald., 
Syr., Ethiopic Sapia Sanskr., hc^fi Pers., hapte Zend. 
In Chald. and Syriac feftoA is to iUI or satisfy :' Wbst. 
(a) As a consecutive number, from HvofMtf ctctcu, to 
follow. Or, as'EicTwp from "^ ^«, Ofirroi from OT^w, 
so 'EirrA frpm the perf. pass. See *E^. 

f Eir«, to speak> relate. — Allied to f'AIlfl, Lat opo, 
apioy (Forcell.) &«t», to join : To join words together, 
as Sermo from Sero, to join. Compare *Ep4of 1. E and 
A, as EytiptOf 'Aytipw ; EXp» and "Apm* Gelllus says 
that "Eirw belongs to the aspirated "Etru. (a) R few, 
fcirw, (as fBAcw, BA€ir»,): To send forth (sounds). 

*Eire0, to be engage^ 'Evl upon or about. Allied to 
"Efoficuy to follow, pursue; and ''Awrofjuu, to ^engage 
in,' (Ldd.). 

f Epa, the earth, ground, whence "Epd^e, on or to the 
ground. — Mrt. from Chald. ara^ the earth, (a) To 
ear (Isa. 30. 24,) is to plough, Goth, arian, Sax. erian. 
And Tooke miUces Earth * that which one eareth or 
plougheth.' f%pa may be allied to these and to *Ap6w, 
*ApUy aro: to plough. Thus 'Ap^w and *£p^», 'Ayclpa 
and *£76(pw. (3) Hemsterh. thinks it means * desert 
land :' allied to *Epdu 2, and "Epii/ios. 

"Epavos, a club feast where each contributed hb 
»hare : -- a club of sub^ribers. — ' Some from ^pc(a», to 
pour out : mo^ prob. from ipdu to love : ' Dun. So 
ffpANO:E, KoipANQl, obpANOX (a) 'For ^ipayos 
from etpw to join tt^ether :' Greg. So 

*£p(i«, to love. "£. os, "EpwSy love. — R. elpw, ffpo^, 
&pQ»y to j6in, connect. * Amor est nexus animorum :' 

'Epdvy *E^epduy to throw or pour out, empty : whence 
At-ii-ifio, a funnel.— Allied to 'Ep^, to draw. Thus 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



*A<l>{Kffftai3.^to draw from one vessel to anpther, to pour 
out* Dnn. who justly allies *Epd(a to ^Paivu, *?€«. 
(a) *Hebr. arag, nudari:* Mrt. ? 

"Epyot, *Epyd(, to work, do.-*- As we find "Epya 
^&v, *EpydCe<T6ai yrjy^ Dr. Jones from Chald. eerky the 
earth. But as well from flpa, the earth, i.e. to do or 
work the earth, as Don. brings *Ap6(a to plough from 
^epa.. r», as rfi'tiTO, i/j^m. (2) Mrt. from Hebr. 
arag, to w^ave. Say then from efpw, f^fw, to weave. 
(3) E. ^€X« by transpos. (4) "Epyuf Wfpyu, allied 
to our Work, and its affinities in Sax., Goth., Germ., 
Swed. &c« 
"EfO'Ctf, the same as E'ipyu, 

"EpSu, to do, perform : — to perform a sacrifice, as 
Virgil, * Faciam vitul^.' "EpBfiy dvalas Herod.— Al- 
lied to^Epyw 1, and 'Pefw. 
'£/}€a, wool : in Elpos. 

"EpeioSy Erebus, — darkness. — R ipeipto, "ffyeSoy, 
to cover, as ffTp4<(>(Uj f forpcBoi/, trrpeBA^j. (a) R. 
$pa : Subterranean darkness, much as koAoBOS. (3) 
' Hebr. ereb, the evening:' Mrt. 
"Epeyfia : in 'Ep^lxu, 
*Ep€€i»oiy to ask. ip4^. 

*Ep€l8(v, * to affix, infix, fix on, fix in, fix or press 
firmly on, lean upon, push into, press against, squeeze, 
resist, attack, to be quick:' Dnn. — As fAp6u> and 
*Epva>y *Ayt(poi and *EyclpQ>y so 'EpefSw is allied to "Apco, 
^to fix; — to be fixed: ipapt, it is fixed:' (Dnn.). In 
form as tii'EIAOS. (2) Buttm. allies it to^Epyai 2. 

'EptOa^ 'Epe^tfa, • to provoke to anger, always in the 
Iliad : but elsewhere to move, a£fect, distress. Akin to 
"Epts and 'Ep«Ww»' Dnn. *.Akin to "Epis*: Ldd. 
1 hat is, to lead to strife. (2) * Prop, to nip fpoSj eor, 
wool': Blomf. i.e. to fecwe, a word which is used both 
vrays. (3) Steph. : * EXpn is in Eustath. 4s f^dxnv 
(TVju-irA^Kw, whence he derives *EpiBw\ (4) 'EpcBco 
prim, to 'move', then to 'draw', and, as 'Lacio', * La- 
cesso ', to provoke : Allied to *Ep^, 

'Epeixa, to split, burst, bruise, grind. — B. iptliwy 
IpciKa, to press against, squeeze. (2) Allied to 'Epiecj 
to drag, as "Ayw is to drag and to break. "Epeyfia, 
flour, shows a form 'Epcfr» : and see *Ep4xOQf. (3) 
Allied to ^Apdtnrcffj *Pdff<rjUf 'P^o-ffw, m^nx^ 

^Eptiirao, to throw down, overturn, demolish. — Allied 
to 'EpcISo), to press against, push violently: and to 
*Ep€lKu. In form as jSXcnfi, Bpdna. (2) ' To throw 
to the f fyo ground :' Mrt. (3) Allied to 'P/irrw. But 
the latter is from *Ep€lira» 

'EpeuTfAOLj a prop, support, pillar; — rock, sunken rock, 

being a firm foundation. — R. ipeldwj tpnafuu^ to fix in, 

and to lean upon. ' A thing fixed :' Dnn. Like*'Ep/Aa. 

'Epe/xvhsy dark.— R. ipiipw, ip€fifi4vos» covered. As 

*Epvtxvhs, 2€fJUf6s. (2) R. fy€€oSj ipte^vvhs, ^ipeivos. 

'EpiwrofAat, to browze, graze, — devour. — 'Akin to 

'E^e^irw:' Dnn. Indeed there is ^pelirrtf in hf-ripeU 

^l^atyro, snatched up and carried off. Allied also to 

"j£,p{Ka, to drag, pnlL 


*£p6irT«, to crown, allied to *Ep6<^«. But others 
read otherwise : Find. P. 4. 240. 

'Ep^ero-w, to impel, excite, impel to frenzy; — utter 
with vehemence:— to row a boat. — 'Akin to '£p60», 
'Epcdtfw :' Dnn. And to 'EpiJw to draw. 

'Ep6(rx€X6e0, * to irritate by mockery, to jest. Akin 
to *Ep4<ra'(o and 'Epe0« :' Dnn. and Ldd. As (^Xx^'^t 
^Sirni/, for 4p6X€\ee0, an extended form of fytKa perf. 
(2) Transp. from ^4p«\e(Tx4<i> : ipdu, >^4<tx% to like 
idle talk. (3) R. t^fw, ^p«^«, tx'^<*5> X*^"*^* x**^®* • 
To draw out the lip. * I will make a lip at the physi- 
cian:' Shaksp. 

•Ep€Ti7y,arower.*Ep6T/i65,an oar. — R. ^p^o-o-u, to row. 
'Epc^o/ucu, 'EpvyyoMta^ to belch out, roar, vomit. — 
Allied to 'Epcictf, *E(-6p^, to throw out, (as Ewing ex- 
plains 'Epvi>yojuaf ,) vomit, and *Ep^, *E(-6pva», to draw 
out. r, as in ^eToa, kpi\T<a. 

'Ep€jJfl«, to redden : 'Epwap^y, red. — R. ipioa. We 
say. It drew blood or color into his face. Thus 'Rubores 
alicui elicere, to put to the blush : ' Forcell., ipuBaivetp. 
And so in general. 'Ovid, nigrum colorem trahere:* 
Id. * Colorem ducere, is trahere : "Virgil, Duceret 
apricis in collibus uva colorem :' Id. In form as 
ii.ep4&a, fitipdfen. (2) Germ, roth, red. 

*Ep€vpdM, to search out, seek, trace. — R. €p^», 
fyofULi, to ask, seek. Much as fEKdu, 'EAa^a». (2) 
Allied to *Epvw, to draw (out). 

*Epf<^a;, to cover, — to crown. — Allied to 'Ep(^, to 
draw (over), to veil : Lat. ob-duco. In form as ore^A. 
(2) ' R. t«po : To heap earth over :' Mrt. 

'Ep^X^A') to bi-eak: allied to *Ep«(«ca), 4p€ix&ri^, 
"Epeyfia. Also to distress, torture, allied by Dnn. to 
*£p€(r0-(tf, but perh. the same verb still, i.e. 'to break the 
spirit of. Compare 'AywoiCT^w. 

'Epc», to speak, say, tell. — R. ' lpo>, for rfpw, to 
join together, whence lepro, 4epfi4vo5 :* (Dnii.) To join 
words together, as Sermo from Sero, to join. 

'Epcfiii, to ask, enquire, seek or search for. — R. 4p4o> 
above : to speak, and so to ask. ''EpeciVw', says Dnn., 
' to ask ; ipfelvofiai, to say'. (2) Allied to *Epua, 
*E{-epv«, to draw out, search out. 

"Epjjfiost empty, desert. — R. ipdu, Ipa/uai, (Ion. 
fcpTj/iOi,) c|-6pd», to draw out, empty out. (2) ' R. 
cpo, waste land:' Hemst. ? (3) ' Heb. orem, to be 
naked:' Wr. 

'EpTyrdw, to keep back, restrain. — 'Allied to 'Epv», 
'EpvKw and ^Epwiu) :' Dnn. and Ldd. 

'Ept-, very, greatly. — Buttm. from ciphs, wide. (2) 
Better for IptSt with 'contention, eagerness, zeal,' 
(Dnn.) Our transl. 'to speak unto you the Gospel 
with much contention' (aywvi) 1 Thess. 2. 2, applies 
well. (3) R. ipwj &PWJ to join together, and so increase. 
Compare *Api-. 

*Eply^owoSf very resounding. — R. ^p*-, Bovvos, T 
prefix as in Tp6(f>0Sy and K in kr{nros, 

"EpiytMj as "EpeyiM in 'EpelKm, And 'Epiicls, 
coarsely ground barley,, from ip^iKw, • 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



"EptScUiw, *Ep/C», to quarrel : tptt, 80s. 
'EpiBdierif bee-bread from flour and honey. — Bees 
might be called tpl^oi as laborers. * The little 6tMy bee.' 
In form as SovAKH. 

"Ept9os, 'a daily labonrer, mower,— a wool-spimier, 
hence some from fyiov wool : others better from Ipivawi^ 
Dnn., i.e. to row : as 'Tw-npenis is gen. a servant, 
minister. (Z) A tiller of the fjf^ ground. 

*ZpiUfhs, *EpiyvbSf a Fury who punished criminals. — 
B. ipiSj ace. ipiVf *■ passion, anger : ipis Aihs, the 
wrath of Jove :' (Dnn.) So 'Epii^, 'Epivy^, is to 
revenge, avenge. (2) B. ipt-, dvvof, to acoomplish, 

Eptof, wool: in Eljpos. 

'EptowfiKf most useful. — R. fyi-^ Si^fUf to help. 

*Epiir>T7, * a steep crag. — R ipciirta^ [4piV*'»] » ^^^ 
*pi-j irvitt^ [where the wind blows vehenieutly,] * : Dnn. 
Broken, as Rumpo, Bupes ; Cleave, Cliff. 

'Epts, ipiZoSj * fight, battle, contest, rivalry; — in- 
citement, eagerness, zeal, passion, anger:' Dnn. — R. 
*pei9w, ^pi8oK, * to resist vigorously, attack, — to do 
anything in a rapid and vehement manner' (Dnn.) (2) 
R cp», to join (in fight), Lat con-sero manus. (3) 
* Hebr. heree, to bum :' Wr. See AdXs, 

"Ept^os, a kid. — R ipeiirWf tpeupOj (Ipt^o,) to 
throw down. Lat Petulcus, butting, from Peto, to 
assault. So I in fyiTfio. 

*Zpi^\ri, 'a hurricane, from ipi-, JSm [to breathe, 
•ficJAij.] But in A. Vesp. 1148 a play on the word, 
eqniv. to ipiw &T«$Xcia:' Dnn. Indeed the word 
itself may be from ^pi*, foAcoi, I^KKvfu, 

*Ep*co J, a fence, enclosure. — R. ipyw or €p7», tpico, 
to enclose, elpyw. 

^'Epjua, ' which keeps firm and steady, prop, support, 
defence ;—> a foundation, resting-pdnt, sunk-rock, se- 
pulchral mound, — ballast, a stone the crane is said to 
carry as ballast, met. a burden ; — the stone as a start- 
ing point in a race^conrse : — that mfixeSt causes pain. 
For ^UTfia from 4pet9u, [or lipfiafui] :' Dnn. 

"Ep/ia, a necklace, chain of pearls. — R epu or cpw, 
rfpw, to join. 

'Epfuuj stone statues of 'Epfiijs. 

"Epfuuoyy unexpected gain. For 'Epfiiis presided 
over gaifi. So Mercurius from Mercis. And Hor. Sat. 
2. 3. 24, 25, 26. 

*EpfJiaTi(Uf to ballast : tpfto. 

*Eptiriv€hs, messenger, interpreter. For *Epfiijs was 
the messenger and * Interpres Divfim*, Virg. 

'EpfirjSj Mercury. — * With wonderful consent Phar- 
nutns, Porphyry, &c derive from cp», Ip/Mu, to speak : 
As interpreter of the gods:' Scheid. See above : and 
Acts 14. 12. (2) R ^tpco, to weave. i.e. deceit, as the 
god of gain. (3) Hebr. aramt cunning. 

'EpfiXy, a bed-post. — R cp/ut, a prop. 

"Ep^s, a young tree, scion, offspring. — Allied to 
"EPxo/MU and *£Pt«, as progressing and growing. (2) 
R iapiyhSf iipiyhSf vernal: ^pv6i, E, as 'ESw. 

"^yos is neuter, but so is '%Byos, (3) From a word 
tpaivos = c/KT^cis, fresh, (ft) R *pt-, vios, ? 

*Ep(ciY}s, ' the translation of Darius, from tpfyw, (ft^, 
to work : The doer. Or Ipyw, to shut in, && ; Coer- 
citor:' Ldd. 
"Epo/uu, to love, jp<£o». 
*'Epofuu, to ask, 4peM. 
"Epos, wool : in Efpos. 

*EPnn, wine. * An Egyptian word:' Dnn. (2) 
Ewing * from Ipirw: A creeping vine, wine.' 
"EpirvAAoi^, creeping thyme, from 
*Epir«, 'EpitifQuy to creep, — go forward, go. — Allied 
to ''EPxo/Mu, ending as lAIIA, iiAxaXi : but nearer in 
sense allied to ^^, to draw (myself on), as we say, to 
With-draw : To draw on, drawl on^ creep on. 

"EPPAOJ, 'E^jSw^j, aTteSy ' a ram, a male animal, 
Lycoph. 1 316. or wild boar, ? R fi^y :' Dnn. ? (2) 
^ Hebr. art or eri, a fighting animal :' Becm. 

"Ef^, 'to go about sorrowfully, move with pain, 
come under an evil omen, go to ruin or perdition. "EfS^c, 
begone, away with thee. 'Pc» and Lat ruo are allied : ' 
Dnn. — Rather, allied to^EPxo/uu and'EPirv, meaning 
orig. to go, Lat. eo, then per-ea, to perish, wfer-eo, to 
die. Thus "Irw in Eur. Med. 697 is ^ AH (in malam 
rem)*. (2) 'For i^if^, as E^p^^ is IIAcvfxi^:' 
Damm. (3) 'Germ, trren, ThUring erren, to go 
astray, err;' Thiersch. 

'Epo^, "Epffrif dew, — hence a young tender animal. — 
As "Epffiiv and ''Apo-i}v, so ipayi from (SpAw, ftpao*, to 
irrigate. (2) Transp. for piani^ (asRApio and'APird(w,) 
from ^€0, to flow. 

''Epo"ts,*Ep<rt$, wreath, as "Ep/io. 

'EpvyyeUctf : in 'Epe^o/uu. 

'£pu7/i9}\^s, tiellowing. Above. 

*Epuephs, red.— R Ipti&Bm, 

'EpuKw, to draw back, ipv», 

"EpvfM, fence, fort. ^ R ip6u, to draw ofl^ ward off, 
draw from danger. As 

*Epufufhs, secured, safe, strong. — For ipvfi4vos from 
'Ep^». See above. As 2€fuf6s. 

'Epwrierif mildew, rust. — R jpcii0», ^pciftrw, to make 
red. So ipt&p6s. 

*Epi^w, to draw, drag, pall,— Allied to 'Api^M. So 
'hy^ipta and ^Ey^ipa, 

"Ep^os, a skin, hide. — R lp4^, to cover. 

"Epxow-oj, a fence, like "Epicos. 

"Epxofjuuj to come or go. — As fyXaros and fyKos, 
and irfiXtOf so ipXofxcu from ipiw, IpvKo, IpKo, (or 
f lp», Spjca,) to draw oneself on, as we say to With- 
draw, 'He drew near to the city:' N.T. So "Ay*, 
'Tir.<«7«, and ottOMAL (2) 'Hebr. orack, to 
journey : ' Mrt. 

*Epu, to say, ask, seek : in 'Ep^. 

''Epw, to join : in Elp«, 

*Epu4», to cause tfi go back, repel, withhold, 
abandon : to go a\|ray, retire,— allied to '£pi{», llpujcw. 
Also, from the same Root, to go out fast, gush cot, as 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



blood. Ddd. says from /^c«, to flow. But ^4» itself is 
from ilp4tij ip6», to draw on. < Akin to 'Pi^o/mt : ' Ldd. 

*£^«»^, cessatioQ, respite, retreat: from Ipoain to 
withhold, retire. — Also, impetnoas course, impulse, a 
throw, impetuosity : See the latter part of *Efw^w. 

"Efws, l<>re. — R ipAu^ ipw» 

*EpofTiu^ to ask, enquire. — B. ip4t9j ip», 

*Es, to, into: in Els. 

*Etr$4», to clothe. 'Etrtf^f, clothes, * perh. for itrOris 
from MffBrip, a. 1. p. of lyvu/uc' Dnn. 

'£0-9^^ good, braye, noble, excellent, &c — * From 
an old form ie\hs, [as HdfASs^'] akin to Germ, edd: 
Herm. and BoSckh :' Dnn. *EeKhs is from ie4Kta^ 
l0Xa#, to be willing, ready. Homer: IS^^Aoi^a fj^x^' 
(r0at, and "EBeKw vpofAdxtirBai hatiyrmv, Thncyd. : 
No/Burarc f7wu t^ K9X&s voKe/inif rh 'EdEAEIN. 
Xen.; Ots iApa, *EeEAONTA2 Ko^vvt^iv. Eurip. 
joins iaBXhs koX wpSBufWf, But note also f^ iBiXowa^ 
Xen. ' TofenfMi mra', Virg. See e^Xc/uos. — Or even 
thus: to be wished, and so good, as Optimus is Opta- 

'£4r0B», *E(r0(«, to eat. R. f^iMi^ i^itrBriv, ^hrBtiv, 

'E^rfo, *E(r(r(a, ' a dialectic variety for ohtrlti,^ Dnn. 
From cts, elSra prop, partidp. of c(/J. 

*E<ri5, impulse, desire. — B. cw, lo-w, to cast, 7«/mu, 
to throw my mind on, desire. 

"EdWOK, I was. — R la, f lo-icw, as BtUtf, B(l<nc«. 

'£<r/K^s, a swarm of bees: — multitude. — B. fl«, 
«<r/4at, to send out. * Favis emissa juventus,* Virg. — 
Or c{«, Iff^/icu, to settle. ' In-tidenHa examina', Flor. 

*E<rr^ evening. — B. ttnrofim, to follow: What 
follows the morning, (a) From 

*£(nrcf»of , evening : the evening star. — B. hneipa, 
(2) B. hrwiuu, as setting after the sun. 

*£(nrtf/Mu, tlie same as "Eto/mu. So 

"Zffiroif, a. 2. of ftra», as lS;^ov. 

'E<r0^r, 'a priest atEphesus, as Latreo; sacrificulus: 
according to Etym. M. the king (queen) bee, as akin to 
IcTfu^s:' Ldd. From t?», t2<r«: The sender out; or 
The settler. Or lo-^m pass. See 'E(r/u<{s. (2) *Chald. 
hastnt potens :' Dahler. 

*E(r<r»y, Ionic for^Hotrvv. 

"EflTTc, until, up to. — * For is Jre, up to when. The 
Doric form f<rrc has been restored, yet it is not put for 
iws T€:' Ldd. (2) *TEj-t«, and (that) up ta *E$ 
XpifoVf says Ormst 

lEtfrl, he is. — As i:Zfi^v and KSxo'^i ^ bere the 2 is 
put in. %iif Ei/^l, properly produced f irl, as TiOrrrt, 
*otI, "Ic-oti. (2) • Sanskr. atU, Pen. eat, hitt, Germ. 
irt',&c: Webst. 

'Zarla, 'ErrrTi?, a hearth; — the home, the family: — 
the altar of the household gods, as the Latin phrase 
^Pro aris et focis.' Also Vesta, the goddess of the 
domestic hearth. — 'R. prob. 7(w, ^iofioi:" Dnn., i.e. 
Z(u, lo-TOi. So also Hemst, who calls it ^setks stabilis 
et certa', and says this was the cause why it meant a 
house and habitation. — Others from sitting at the 

hearth, as Cicero * Sedere ad focum.* (2) Dr. Jones 
makes it 'a place to eat at, from ItrOw', or l^fioi, 
ISeoTot, (orat. It belongs, says Lennep, ' ad familiarem 
victum.' See 'Eo-riciw. (3) • Cbald. eschta^ fire:* Mrt. 

'Efl-TitiUtf, to entertain at one's iarlou * 

'EffTupj a peg, or nail, as driven in: from f ?«, tarai: 
Immissus. So ^Efi-fidWco, *EfjL-$o\ov, 

*E<rx<Va, * a hearth, fireplace on the ground, a place 
where a fire bums in or out-doors, an altar, propw the 
hollow part on which the fire bums: — any contrivance 
for containing live coals, chafing-dish, portable fiimiture: 

— a scar, formed by a burn: scab of a sore:* Dnn. — 
Simply from ftrxov, Ixw, to hold. As /aihtAPA. (2) 
*Hebr. McA, fire:' Mrt. 

"E^rxarof, extreme, last — B. ttrxoyx Most holding 
back, and so last 

'^(TM, within. — B. ^j, as lj«. 

t'Erdifw, *E|-cr(l^», to examine whether a thing is 
irhv true. 

"ETOfws, 'Era^r, a companion. — * Prob. firom l^oj, 
cnst(Hn: or ln}s,a friend: and akinto'Ercjo; a second:' 
Dnn. In form as /ivtrAPOX (2) Danmi brings krou* 
pos by anagram from cdptrbs, chosen. ? 

'Etc^j, true, Ms, 

""Ertposj one of two, the other, other, distinct, different 

— Dnn. says that'Erapos is akin to'Ercpo.- ; indeed 
these may be the same, as fxiyABos and tx4yEBos. Now 
"Erapos is *a fellow, mate', (Ldd.) agreeing with*Ercpo;. 
Thus Xctpi p4p€iv irdpri^ * to can-y in one of the hands', 
(Ldd.), that which is tlie/e22ot0 of the other. We say, 
I have lost the filhw to this glove. — Even "Eriys, a 
companion, couli produce "Ercpo; : in form like ^$E- 
POX (2) Wbst from 'Hebr. and Chald. yeier, left, 
remaining'. In this way it might be from firhs, &y> 
erbj, left alone. (S) Our other. Germ, ocfor. 

"Enjj, a friend, companion. — B. irhs, true. Yems 
amicus. (2) B. Ihos: One of the same years or age. 
(3) B. I^s, custom. 

'ErfyrvfioSy redupl. of "Ervfios. 

''Eri, as yet, still, even now: from fl«, h-eu, tlfxl; As 
said of what has remained and is now, exists to this time. 
And Ovfc-eri, no further, no more, no longer : i. e. it does 
not still exist. "En fuiWoy. stnl or yet more. Also 
moreover, furthermore. See "Erbj I. (2) Hebr. edi, 
up to, unto. (3) Our yet^ Sax. get, Welsh etto, 

"Ervos, thick soup of pulse. — As &T^V for ^A/it^r, 
so for lAvos, iiayos fram I8O0: An eating. Though 
the gender differs. But see '^Bvos, 

*EroifioSf prepared, ready; as «ci;80IM02: from fcv, 
crai, e(a: Set in order, or set on the table. Homer : 
h-oifui vpoKfififva. Luke 9. 8 : r& leapa'TiBdfJicua, 
'Beady to be sent,' says Damm. — Also 'of facts and 
occurrences, real, actual, done, past:>-trae, actual, 
certain,' Ldd. who thinks 'EroT/uor akin to'Erv^os. 

"Etoj, a year. — B. ffo*, frcu, tlfu, to go on: Always 
going on. * Eunt anni', Ov. As Xwicd-BAX (2) 
*iS:«A, time, Heb.:' Mrt 

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•Er^f, •Etc^s, "^ErvfMSj trae.— B. t^> ^^i «4^ • 
That which is, which is the case. * That it was even 
so', Acts 12. 15. *• Saying that these things toere so', 
24. 9. So Th ihy^ the truth: "Oktws, truly. 

*ETby, rashly, in vain. As "Inyj is 'hasty, rash', 
from c7/Ai, irai, so 'Er^f from f^», Irai, is hastily, 
rashly. Or f ?», ctcu : Cast forth, rejected, useless. — 
But Dnn. takes 'Er^s to be < truly ? indeed ? in fact ? 
ironically, Arist PI. 404.* 
"Etwjuoj, true : in 'Et^j 1. 
*ET(6a-cof, fruitless. — See the last *'Er6s, 
Ed, well : neut. of *Ei!s, good. 
Eb — , readily, too readily. — For EwtftJ. 
Eda, EviiUf Evo?, ' a term expressive of joy or en- 
couragement at the festivals of Bacchus, the same as 
Eta: — an imitation of the bleating of a goat:' Dnn. 
' "Ea, Eta, EZa, are kindred words : ' Id.- 

■ Euoy^f, /guiltless, pure; — bright, clear, conspicuous. 
Like *A7vbj, "Ayiosi' Ldd. In Pers. 472 Blomf, 
Also, easily moved, from 6.yu: also, easily broken, B. 
iryajj iyvvfiiy to break. 

EMov, i.e. IfoSov, from a8^», avScb^w. 
Euci^w, to cry E?a. 
E&x/ia, prayer, &c. : tUxo/xait c&//xai. 
EuScicAos, clear, &&: c3, SecAos. 
Ev8^ fine weather. — R. 6?, Ai2>s, as in ' Sub Jove 
frigido', Hor. See in "EvSio j. 

EvdlouoSf the hole by which a ship's sink is emptied ; 
orifice of a clyster pipe; the fundament. — Prob. from 
tif', readily, 5ia through. 

E08», to sleep. — For t^'*. (much as EToJe,) from 
lf«, ?5o ', * to seat or place,' (Dnn.) : To place myself 
down. * Volucres somnoj?o»»7(B', Virg. So to /2e-/705e. 
(a) * Allied to^Aeo-o, to sleep:' Ldd. 

E&€(rT«i», prosperity ; i.e. well-6etn^ : e3, flw, €</*!, 
iarl. Or, a good state of things : icrrdwj iffru. 

E\f6€v4a, Ev^i'ew, to be well off", prosper. — For ew- 
aOevita, from adevos, (a) ' Perh. best derived like 
TI0HNH, a nurse, from ^t^X^ :' Ldd. I. e. from &c£«. 
-EvBvvu, to make (uBb straight or right; — set ac- 
counts straight, examine, adjust ; — guide straight, 
direct, govern. 

EvBhs, straight; — straightly, quickly. — In EJOap. 
EUXos, Bacchus. — From the ciy E3a. (a) * From 
EZ vU, Well done, my son : words addressed by Jupiter 
to him from his valor in the battle with the Giants :' 

EUktiKoSj for^EicnKos : as^'Opos, Odpos, 
EHkoKos, opposite of AticrKo\os. 
EvKduca^a. ploughshare. — Ldd. alh'es it to Ai^Aafca 
ace, a furrow, (a) R. f ^Aciw, lAaxa, to drive on. As 
EXicnXos, ZeiJyea 5iV€<5oi/T€j iKdtrrpfou, Hom. (S) 
* Suid. has EuAcixo, as from Kaxcd^io : ' Dnn. 

EvA^, a worm.—' Some from AuAbs, from the shape: 
better from EtAccv, E/Av, ['EAtJo;,] to roll, from its 
movements:* Dnn. AWAo* €uAoi, Horn. So "EA/tiw. 
EiiKrjpa, reins, Dor. A&\Tjpa, — * B. prob. €fA», 

ciAlw, [^Adw,] :' Don. As twisted tbongs : or froni 
turning the horses round, Lat. ' flectere equoa.* (a) 
As EYki}Aos, for cAiypo, from t^^o^i to take in the hand. 
As HabSna from Habeo. Homer: "Ifnrwv ^vC 'EAEIN. 
EhfjMpat a hide, skin.-*B. c9, /u^, ijuiirff9», as in 
*Afi^t.fuio/Mii: Well kneaded. See Mob-ffAii. 

Ebfiof^i, easy. — Eb- readily, fulpi}, the hand. As 

E0ft<^pis, a kind of shoe or buskin.— B. c^Map^. & 
hide, (a) Antipater has A short ; whence some from 
wbyM^Sy easy (for the foot). But it is said to have a 
thick sole. 

EbfitviJiiS^ the Furies. — R e3, lUvos, maw ; kindly 
disposed. A name to propitiate them, as Parcas from 
Parco, Evcin/fios, *ApurTtp6s, 

Evv^, a bed ; — anchor for ships.- R c98w, ^€vdanf, 
€virfi : To sleep on, 
ESvir, a wife.— Above. 

Ejyir, berafl. — As ETxiiAof, from cIs, Ms: Left 
alone, as ' alone ' is ' all-one.' 
EboT: in E^ 

Ebph^y sideways. — ' R. tbpvs: As we say. Broadside 
on :' Ldd. So some derive L&tus from IlAaros. (a) 
Damm for wXwp^ from vAt i/p^ a side* As Tata, Ala, 

ESpiToSj the Eurlpus, the strait between Boeoda and 
Euboea : — canal, conduit. ' Remarkable for an irregular 
ebb and fiow : hence variable, inconstant. •» Prob. from 
fb-t easily; [^<t)),] ^iirf(w:' Dnn. 

EbpiffKu, jEbp4a, ' to find out after a search, dis- 
cover, find. Prob. from ipm to search for :' Dnn. Or 
allied to 'Ep^, *E{-cpue0, to draw out 

EvpoicAvSoiy, a levanter wind.^ — ' The readings Acts 
27. 14 vary ; the most prob. is EbpcucbKuVy as in Lat. 
Vulg. euro-aquUo :' Ldd. (a) ' Efipov kA^cm^, an 
eastern [or east windj tempest :' £w. 

E8fM, S.E. wind. — Buttm. from ^e^j, l«y, the East, 
as Z€<t>vpo5 from Z6<pos» ' Vires capit Kwus ab ortu ;' 
Ov. * Eoos Euros ;' Stat. Con'upted from e», fwpos. 
— Becm. from e»y, jSew, p&, ? (a) R. tbpws, 

EbpbSy wide. — 'Pi-ob. drawn out, from fepw, ^p^, to 
draw :' Lenn. So Wachter brings Lang, our Long, from 
Lengan, to draw. So 'HvtK^s from 4v4kv. 

Ebpifs, mouldiness. — Schneid. from Edpos, the S,E. 
wind, as bringing moisture. The S. wind is thns called 
N<JToy from NorJj moisture, (a) As Ebpbs, from 
f ^pw, ipbm, traho, contraho ; Contracted by time or damp. 
'e6s, *Ebs, good. — As *Erhsy true, from f^«, €«/*l, to 
be : That which is in truth, genuine, real, as Good coin, 
Good friends, &c. (a) Lenn. compares tvBbs, 'upright, 
just, frank,' (Dnn.) 

E8t6, • like "Ore, when. Prob. for 05t€ gen. of •o<rr€, 
as Quura from Qui :' Dnn. — As it means also * just as, 
as', EfTc is better for "Ere, (as "EktjAos, ETicyyAos,) 
that is,^9T€ (&p€^ and ^5^). See on 'Ec&pa. 

Ev<l>paivw, to gladden: E^ipptav^ cheerful. r-K. cS, 
<i>pVj ^p^vhsy the mind. 

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ILh^pSvri, the night. — Above. ' The kindly, or ace. 
to others The refreshing :* Ldd. Or the time of reflec- 
tion, <^p9v4o». *Ey wktI jSovA^, says the Pi'overb. So 
Homer says it does not become the counsellor to sleep 
all night. 'Favorable to meditation. If it means 
Well meaning or gentle, then it is a euphemism, as night 
was associated with terror :' Dnn. As EvfuviBeSy &c. 

Elfxofuu : * The common notion b prob. that of loud 
speaking : for it is clearly akin to Avx^«, to declare 
loud, to vaunt :' Ldd. Thus it meana to vow, claim for 
oneself, affirm confidently. And to pray, i.e. to pray 
loud. (2) Or from fx^f*^^* *• ^> ^^ ^^^^ ^^ ^^^ myself, 
to hold to it, stand by it : as dx^/uu is * To stand, Od. 
(. 141 :* (Dnn.) Even 'to pray* may be 'to hold to 
(the altars)', as 'AKfidC^i $p«t4uv fx^ffBrn, iBschyl. 
' Talibas orabeU dictis orMque tenebat\ Virg. 

E3w, E(^w, tx> singe, parch, roast-r-'Akin to A8q», A0w :* 

Eiiiin/fws, on the left. — R. c9, 6irvfjM : Of good name. 
A form of propitiating, as E^/ucWScs and Parcas. 

Ei^x^Uy to regale royally. — R. € J, lx«» ^X«» whence 
*Oxhi food, in Lycophron. Bene habeo, bene tracto. 

'E^^iria, Diana's festivals at Ephems, Acts 19. 28. 

'zipirriSy a commissioner, judge. *E4>€T/ii9>,*E^/UHr^w?, 
a commission: — R. i^\ few, trot, tnfu, mitto. 

'E^^ boiled, cooked. — R. Iirw or ciroi, e^ffi^y, as in 
'Ap/^iwu^ to tend, to be occupied with, i.e. as a cook. 
So from fut. c^w is'E^w, to boil, cook. BoSy UptdaaV' 
r«s fjL4ycuf ifjupfToy, Horn. And *A/i^ fiohs iwhifiv 
Kpfo. - Dnn. allies ''Eil^ and E0w. 

*Ex^^i7) a plough-handle ; *Ex^^oyy hold of a ship : 
R *X*. 

*EX0^f , X06ff, (as 'Ekcu'os, Ktivos,) yesterday. — R 
^X'^t^^i ^X9^f to ^old on ^ith : As holding on with 
(this day). So t^ ix^fittrrj Luke 13. 33 is ' the next day.' 

"Ex^'oj, hatred.— R, Ix«, Ix^^ (as "A-yw. "Ax^*', 
"^Ax^oO • ^^^^ ^"^ ^" ^b® "*i"^ ^ ^ gradge : compare 
K6ros, 'In im4 mente repostum', Virgil. (2) Aspi- 
rated from iicrhSy without : ' Bad feeling to strangers.' 
(3) Some identify "Ax^os. 

'ExWcf, 'a kind of mouse with rough bristling 
hair :' Ldd. From 

'EXii'o^i a hedge-hog, sea urchin ; — its shell m used 
as ajar : — also ' part of the bit of a bridle, which made 
it severe; — the true stomach of ruminating animals, 
prob. from its rough coat. Perh. akin to 'Ak^ :' Ldd. 
That is, f&ictvos. Pointed.— Or allied to 'Exvpbf , 'se- 
cure, fortified', (Don.) 

"Ex**, "ExtJvo, a viper. — As Ldd. allies 'Exivoy to 
*Atf^, so l«nn. allies ''Exts to *Ajr2s, a sting. X, in 
'AxaxfJ^fvoSj pointed, (a) * R fx<»/^*» *<> adhere to, 
[* make fast to', Ldd.] Aa in Acts 28. 3 a viper wound 
itself on Paul's hand. — Or Hebr. HKH, belonging to a 
verb To smite': Pkh. (3) One gen. is lx«oy : so some 
from lx**> *^* poison. ? 

*EXvp3s, secure, &c. : R. Ix^, to hold. 

'^X"i to hold, keep, have. — As the obsolete '^tw (like 
"Ayta) is established by 'Eytlpu, *Ev-«lyu and ''07/ioy, 
then from its perf. f ?xa could be lx»» P"™' to take, 
carry, and so hold in the hand. The fat ?{w may sup- 
pose an aspir. ?x», y«t compare "Atw and *Hy4ofAeu, 
"OpM and OpfiAu, Elka and E0w, "Apu and *Apfwp(ctf 
'Hifo and^HiciOToy, &c (2) R fl«, lira, Iri/Uy to send 
on, carry, hold. (3) ' Compare Germ, heo-ke with the 
notion of hold :' Thiersch. 

'Ei^cw, *£^, to boil, cook : in *E^0^s. 

'E^fa, a game played with small stonea ; — gen. play, 
pastime.— 'R ifrti, if^ciib, the same as Y^^o; :' Dnn. 
and Wr. But the *E ? — Rather from lir<», ^w, to be 
occupied about, busy about, here about sports and games. 
See the next. 

'E^tc(o/Mu, ' to play at the 'Eijfta ; — gen. to amuse 
oneself. In Apoll. 1.459 the Schol. explains it iucoKou^ 
0€af, and derives it from CTOftoi, t\^ftai :' Dnn. (2) 
' To roast a man, tatAt at a feast, rail at : hjfiw :' 
Ewing. ? 

f Ew, Elfiiy I am. — Allied tofAof, to breathe : hence 
to breathe * the breath of life', to exist. See the senses 
of Za». E, as *Ep6uy 'Kp6u ; *E7c(pw, 'Ayfipn ; Ei\^, 
*A\f« ; &c. (a) ' Hebr. ehyeh, I shall be :' Mrt. 

fEw, EJfity I go. — Allied to fEw, I am, just as 
riuofiaiy to be, is also * to come to, arrive, come or go*, 
(Dnn.) and Uapayiyofiau, 'to be present, to arrive or be 
at hand, come up', (Dnn.) So TlaptyivovTo John 
3. 23. Existence is motion : Gen. i. 20, 21. 

f *'Eoi, "ivf^j to send. — The aspirate seems to give to 
"Eo) ' to go ' the sense ' to make to go.' 

fEwy''E{(Oy to seat, settle, place, put: Le. to make 
to go, or send, downwards. Above. 

fEM,''Evyvfiiy to clothe : i.e. to make one to go into 
his clothes, like ^<^, *Ev.S6w, Induo. Or to 'put* 
one's clothes on. Above. 

*'EM\o5y kept till the e« morning or morrow, as ' He 
will be here in the momm^:'-* stale, obsolete. 

'Ewpa, a thing suspended, a noose. — R. cU/jm, ffopo, 
liwpa, whence Mer-4»pos. 

"Ewy, 'Hcl>y, the morning. — ' Prob. from fiw, [fijo",] 
to shine :' Ldd. So E0» is allied to A3». (a) R fiw, 
l-yfiit to emit (rays). As iiKlov fioKii, 

^'Ews, E?a;s, up to such a time or place, as long as, 
whilst, for a time, as far as : — with a view to, in order that^ 
like *Xly.— *'E«* answers to T*«y, for Tcois, as *Cis is ory. 
Now Tfoiffi is the article To7y in Hei-od., as iarh r4w in 
Lucian is avh rov, &c. (Maittaire, Dialect, p. 104.) 
Then T€«y is Toxy i.e. robots xp^f'oiSy in or for such 
times as. To this should answer Oty or *nj, which 
seems lengthened to ^Eoiy to correspond with Tcwy, as 
T7?viifa, 'HpIku ; T6T€,''OTt ; &c. Maittaire says : * E is 
addedy piet. as lor, ei, eby, 1^, ihy^ hts for els, one, «t|» 
article II. w. 208. 

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Zn-t very. — JEoI. for JiA, (as in Ato-^oi^f,) pro- 
Boanced dja^ or zcl Our solDIer is called solJer. 

ZdyKKotf, a sickle.— B. fo-, d7K^Xor, bent 

Zayptvs, Bacchus. 'Thej understand the Baccbos 
below, i.e. Plato, the hunter and taker of the sooia of 
the dead:'Stepb. B. (a^hp^^f »■ hnnter. ^Avari 
DiHa*, Seneca. 

Zatyi, rery blowing.— R. fo,tS« : 'or B. (Aat, which see. 

ZfluccAr/8c5, seemingly a oomiption of ZaievwOlZ^s, 
A, na fflrpoVf Alrpoy, 

ZdKopos, ' a priest, servant : some make it as Nci6. 
-Kopof , a servant of the temple, from (a-, Kop4» to brash. 
Buttm. from fa, icrfpof, a servant j* I>nn. So ZtUicoros. 

ZoKwOtZtSj goards of the isle of ZdKwOos, ZactftUhns. 

ZdKrif surge, spray.— * Akin ^ 2d\os, taUm:' Ldd. 
(a) B. f<i», * to blow,* (Dnn.) See Zdw. (S) B. fo, 
&» to blow. (*) -B. (4w ; A\ j, h\65. 

ZSlfj forbj, the same as Zd\v- — K. f<^, to blow, 
f fdirrw, as fAiw, Aafw, Adwrw : BAdTrw, &c 

ZcUtf, * prim, to breathe, to live ; — to blow, JE. Ag. 
793. Some object with reason to fa-, &», (ktuu^ tliat A 
in (dof is short. — The same origin as fw. Damm :* 
Dnn. * From (c», to be warm :* Pkh. From the heat 
of the animal blood. 

ZeA, Ztih, rye, spelt * Perhaps from flw, ferveo*, 
Mrt And not without reason, as Frumentum is Fervi- 
mentum. See especially the next But ZEA ia also 
one of the twelve furrows in a horse's palate : (Very 
rare.) Q. ? 

ZcISwpos, ' the bestower of Zci^ or com in general, 
lind 80 of food. Some say, of life, from fcUtf, but better 
as above : ' Dnn. Awpov, 

ZcipA, * a Thracian and Arabian garment falling to 
the feet : a tunic with a girdle, and hanging over the 
trowsers': Dnn. — From the Hebrew word signifying 
* cinzit', says Becman; yet ^tpn or Ifw, fo'^fw, Lat. 
seroj (whence 2etf)i, a rope,) to join tcjgether, and so to 
gird, will do as well. Compare Zd\ri and 2iKos. 

Z4K\Wt *\n the Arcadian dialect for B4\K» or 
BtUXw, to throw :' Dnn. See hnZapiv, So 

ZiptBpov^ for B4pf0poy, BdpaBpoy, Above. 

Z€vyl7fis, *a third-class citizen, as possessing a 
Ztvyos:* Bosckh. See Zt^yvfu, 

Zevyvvfu, fZc^, to join. ZeCyoy, a piur. Zuyhv, 
a yoke, which, says Pbto, the ancients called Avoy6if: 
i.e. from 8^, &7w; O as "Oy/itoj allied to "Ayto : 
Carrying two together. Mnch as Ato- became Za-. Or 
rather the foundation was f Auci7o», f Z^». Z for A, 
in Zo^af , Z^pctoi', itpiZriKos. (2) f Zi^Pa as r/u^m : 
R. ffiv to sew i.e. join together. Euphonic for ^vyw, 
ThusZdAiy is 'akin to J^d\os\ Ldd. (S) Allied to 
f Z<ktf, Zdyyv/Jii, to bind with a girdle. fZe^u as 

T/u^ra (*) Corrupted from Uup-^rrtf, fEvdyu, fB^^M. 
Z, as ZAwtffatu (S) *Chald., Syr. and Arab, zi^, 
join : Sanskr. yuga, Slav., Buss, iffo, Sax. yeoe, Germ. 
joeh, Dutch jttib. And Etfaiop. eog, a pair:' Wbst 

Z^hs, Jupiter. — * Alt, genitive At6s: Cretan dialect. 
Bihsj Lacon. %6st hence a variety 2e^, also [Zc^s,] 
a««irf, eeif , Deua :' Dnn. (a) • From fw. Athena- 
goras says : The one God, according to the Stoics, is 
iTew, so called from that which wamu matter:' Ewing. 
(3) Mrt. from (d». Damm from 94of reverence, or 
86^ to water the earth. — Wr. from Hebr. tniee, to 
command. > 

Z4<tmpo5j the W. wind. — Buttm. from (^s, from 
sun-set taking place in the West As vOster, vEster. 
(2) As bT/xa, for f^por, i.e. fco-i-^ifpof, bringing 
heat, as Schrevel. explains Z4(rts. ZE#TPIH irvtlowaa 
rh fj^y ipUt, &AAa A HEISSEI, Horn. 

Z^fitf, to bubble up, boil, to be glowing hot — A word 
imitative of the simmering sound made by a repetition 
of the letter Z. *An imitative word : ' Greg. 'Frtmr 
the sound:' Wr. 

ZiiKos, emulation, zeal. — B. Zlw, f Z^Aof, as A49\os, 

Zfifiia, a loss, damage, fine, punishment -— R. f^w, 
fCnfjuu: What one is hot after, ardent for: senses 
appearing in Zrikos and Zifr^. See especially Luke 
15. 8 : ' What woman, having ten pieces of silver, &c' 
(2) Zirnifia^ a search, i.e. for a thing lost; ~ shortened 
to (ijiM, thence (nfila. <S) <Hebr. TSM, to be 
empty:' Pkh. 

Z^v, Zitp, Jupiter, *pogtforZf^r:' Dnn. Apparently 
it has to do with Z»y, the living one: or Zfy, to live, 
(a) From Ztitp the reg. ace. of Z€rfj. 

ZHTA, zeta. Hebr. eadeh. 

Zirrcai, ' to strive to obtain, search for, seek oat :* 
Dnn. — K few, ^fnrot: much as Flagito for fFlagrito 
is to seek * cum multft fagrantuij with much ardor, 
(a) B. fa-, a/rcV (3) * Hebr. tsada, to seek:' Mrt 

Z^petov, place for chained slaves. — Harsh, (as' 
ZopK&f for Aopir^},) for Airrp^tov, from 8^a», 8^9)|Tai, 
(as A((£ SH/ua,) to bind. (2) R. fa-, rp4w^ tremo, 

ZIZANIA, tares. — Pkh. brings it from the Sffriae. 

Z<$7;, for Zm^, life. — Also the skin on boiled milk : 
B. f^», ^foo. 

Zopxhs, the same as Aopxhs, then f28op«c&9 as 


Z6^os, darkness; — the dark West where the sun 
sets. — R. ff«, ?foo: Hot vapor. See the second 
sense of Zdri. In form as Y^^oy. (2) Contmcted 
from fa-, yv6<t>os, darkness. (3) *Hebr. TZPH, to 
overspread : ' Pkh. ' Hebr. zepha, pitch :* Wr. 

fziw, Zfivvvyn, to gird. — Properly, as allied to Zw, 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



prim, to make hot or wann, to buckle or gird on for 
parpoBes of heat or wai-mth. Ezek. 44. 18 : ' Tbey 
shall not gird themselves with anything that cauAeth 
sweat : ' where Poole says, ' They bad a girdle of fine- 
twined linen to gii-d the coat fast, yet so as not to make 
them stoeat or smell offensively.* O as iu (CUiSs. (2) 
* Akin to Zevyyv/ju :' Dnn. (3) * Hebr. ZNHj to gird 
round:' Pkh. But the simple Z($a» has no N, Ztaffw^ 
Z&fjui, &c. 

HyouTTpov, * a chest, of boards strongly fastened 
together: ^tir/vvfu^ IH^^'^i] •' L(^^* 

Zvyhv, a yoke joining horses :—> bench for rowers, 
joining the two sides ; — beam joining two scales ; — 
transverse piece joining the ends of a lyre.— R fC^^^* 

Z&ywdpov, cross-bar of a door. Zvyu0pl(wf to 
balance or weigh by a C*^hv beam joining two scales.^- 

Zi^dos, ale. — ' Perh. from (iot :' Dnn. ' Doubtless 
from tO^^* (^"f ferveo :' Lenn. Fermented liquor. So 

Zi5/*i7, leaven, yeast — * B. few :' Dnn. From f fu« 

as above. So Fervimentum, Fermentnm, Fermenta- 

Zaryp€», to take alive, (Sioy kyp4». And to restore 
life : C<^, iyp»t iytlfw, to raise, or even AycCfw, re- 
colligo animum. 

Z«^, life.— R.C(<«, C»* 

Zwfia, as Zdvri. 

ZwfibSf ' broth, soup : — a fat greasy fellow ; — met. 
bloodshed. Prob.from fc'oi, [cfoa,] : ' Ldd. As boiling, hot. 

Zdvriy Zwffrijp, a girdle, zone :■ ^(6u. As Z&fM. 
(a) * Chald. zonar :' Dahler. 

Zuov, a living being, animal : — - an animal done from 
life, an image. — R. (<ic0, ffi. 

Zciirur<ra, pitch scraped from old ships, and mixed 
with salt water. — Dnn. from (uibst irUrtra. Bather, soft 
for 4<&Tur(ra, from (cw, i^oa, to scrape, and vifraa. 

Zcopbs^ * pure, sheer. Prob. for (wtfibs from ftM^t:* 
Ldd. As Vivus, Vividus. — • Or from few, cfcMt, as said 
of ardent spirits. But 

Zwpbs, in Empedocles, is 'mixed:' shorty it would' 
seem, in his strange way, for &-fwpos. Above. 


*H — , ^^, either ... or ... It is the subj. Ji of tlid : 

* Be it this, be it that' 

^H, than. — Thns, ' He asked whether I liked a good 
man better OR a bad man', i.e. ^ whether I liked a good 
nan better THAN a bad man'. — Above. 

'H, truly, certainly. — Contr. from ^ neut. pi. of 
&ts, (in *E«i»v,) the same as .^6s, good, neut c3, well, 
lightly, (a) * From f^w, to be', says Martin. Indeed 
Its also is from f^w, to be. 

*H, whether? That is, Is it TRULY so? Above.— 
Or, whether is it so OR not? See the finfH. 
H, he said : for ^, as roTa, ATo. 

*H, an ezckm. of grief., or of reprimand, or of 
addressing, hdla! — For'Ea, which see. 

*")?, where. — Dat. sing, of ^'Os: Quk. 

'H^oibf, small, little. — Usually thought the same 
as /Soi^, with ^ for &, euphon., as in 'HXJtt?, and 
(with some) in 'H^ciOf. (2) R. ^€% youth. As 

"Hft;, youth. — This, like 'AgfAj and 'AroXby, 
tender, delicate, from £irra», ^tto/iacu, f^Soy (as I- 
/SXoBor,) to touch : Easy to the touch, tender. ' The 
tender age'. — Or, as Zct-^XcT^s, ' one who is in vigor- 
ous health and spirits*, II. 21. 465, is from (pXiyto, to 
bum; and *Ht0cof, a youth, is from ocf0w, to bum; so 
'Hfty from Sttw, to glow: * Fervens juvent&,' glowing 
with the firo of youth, (a) 'Hebr. e6, vigor:' Mrt 

* Hebr. a6, to be verdant:* Wr. 

'H7^€os, very divine. — R fi^oy, eciJt. (2) Akin 
to ieya065. 

'Hy4ofAat, 'HyiyXcEfw, to lead, conduct; — and, as 

Duco and "Ayw, to think. — R fry«, [^ov,]': Ldd. 
and Dnn. See "H^oftau "Ayet . . . iTv^p6vns ^ov- 
/i€W?, Theb. 642. (a) * Hebr. ee^ee, to bring: ' Wr. 

*H7€f>^do/Aa{, to assemble. — R. itytipUf liytpov, 

•H5^, answering to *H/a€V; i.e. H fikv, i| 5^. Many 
say* ^ V^^v^ h Sc« 

"H5ij, now, — even now, already; — but now, pre- 
sently. — For jjSc ( ry &pa or Tit^p<f)j in this hour or 
day. Much as^fiSc is $dc rp6ir(p. (a) For j^ Si^, < ek 
scilicet (bora).' (S) Some say ^ ai?? (*) * Hebr.oWo, 
now:' Mrt. 

"HJofuu, to be pleased. 'Hhoy^, pleasure. *HSi>y, 
pleasing, pleasant, sweet — R ^aS4w, widyu to please, 
(a) ' Hebr. Aedee, to rejoice:* Wr. 

*H8oy, pleasure, profit causing it — Above. 

''HSos, 'vinegar: prob. as imparting a flavor, a 
seasoning : some asp. it,^HSos:' Dnn. — Above. 

*H4; or : ^ reduji. So 

*H^\ios, lengthened from •HA.ioj, 

'H€p4eofiai, to be hovering, unsteady. — R. &cip«, 
Ijtpoy : am raised up, suspended. 

*H9&«, accustomed: R IjBos, 

'H6«?oy, honored, revered. — As Bcu^i, 'Hicuhs, so 
e«oj, *llBeios : Godlike, (a) R ^OAs, accustomed, 
familiar, well-known and tried: or of good ^6os 
manners and character. 

*H0€», "HBuf, "neof, to pass through a strainer. 
'H0/ubs, a sieve. — R. flw, <idii', Tij/u, to send (through), 
as inx^tf, nx^0M. Scribonius : ' Oleum transmissmn 
per colum'. (a) R fliw, to go through. Pliny: 
' Aqua per colum traruietu.' 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



. HOos, cQstom, manners, character: — aoenstomed 
abode. — The same as "ZBos, 

"Hut, * provisions for a joamey, food ;•— chaff, husks, 
or pods of pulse. B. Iw, dw, to go : ' Dnn. As Via, 
Viatica. In the sense of 'chaff', Damm from * easily 
going away and dispersing by the wind'. 

*Htdfos/}^0€oSf a young man. — Explained in*Hfty. 

*W6fi5y 'for 'Hioy^cts, from ^iit¥f iii6yosi Furnished 
with steep banks, as being a mountain stream. Also, 
said of a plain on a river's banks:' Dnn. 

"HioSf the same as 'I^Ios. 

'HJc^i', a shore, beach. — Like "Hta, from t?«, rfw, 
to go: ' Against which the waves go:' Damm. But 'the 
most ancient form is "Hiov, the bed of a [running] 
torrent or river:' Schneid. 

*Hifo, gently, softly, slightly. — Allied by Ldd. to 
•Ako, 'Airea>i^, *Ajcfiv, 

"HfcoXos, gentle: ^«ca. 

'Hkuttos, very gentle, weak, feeble, little. — R ^kol 
The Aspir., as ^Hyov, *Hy4oftcu, 

"HKtUy to be come, have arrived, proceed. — R. few, 
^Ko: To send myself on. So f I«, "Ikw. And "Aye, 
come on, and our with-drau;. (Z) * HebiveeA;, to go, 
come:' Wr. 

*H\afi/w, 'HKda-Kojy -<£{!», to wander.— -R. i^\dofuu^ 

'HAoKi-nj, a distaff: — reed, mast, arrow.: — upper 
extremity of a mast: — windlass for drawing in heavy 
£shing-nets. *liKdKara, thread spun from the distaff. 
Ldd. and Dnn. take it as allied to, or from, iiXdaKw^ 
to roam about. (Z) As "Ayta, Kot-<£7», is to draw 
out, spin, " Ay fia, Kdr-ay/M^ a ball of spun wool : so 
this from ^iXdu, ffAouca, to drive, draw. * The distaff 
is drivien round in spinning:' Greg. 'Threads are 
drawn from the distaff:' Mrt. 

"HKtKTpoVy -OS, *a mixed metal; — amber, as like it 
in color : so perh. in A. £q« 529, as an ornament of the 
screws of a lyre. R ^X«/CTo>p, from its color:' Dnn. 

*H\4icTatp, the sun.— 'R^Aws:' Dnn. (2) Eustatb. 
from o, KfKTpoy : as never reposing. 

•HAebs, *HAby, *H\€/iOToy, 'H\l0tos, wandering in 
mind, silly;— wandering from the mark, ineffectual. — 
R i\i7, a' wandering ; Si\tos, ineffectual, (a) • Hebr. 
eel, to be mad : ' Wr. 

'HKidiw, to warm in the ^A.105, sun. Also, to judge 
causes in the 

'HKialcLj a court where the judges sat in the open air, 
in the 9i\io5 sun. (2) Ldd. from a\^s, crowded. See 

*HA./§oTOJ, steep, high : — deep, as Altus. — * The 
readiest deriv. is 9i\ios, f jStiw, ^ya : Traversed only 
by the sun:* Ldd. (a) Buttm. for 'HMrS-fiaroSj as 
'HKirS-firivos: Missing the step. 

"HKiiuy in vain, from ^\hs, ineffectual. — Also abun- 
dantly, from aA^s, crowded : fiAis, enough. 

*H\ucla, age, stature, manhood. — From 

'HKIkoSj as great as, how great. — Lennep i * B. 

fa\(w, ff|AiY9, akieKM, capio: Capax: Of such a capo" 
city or content* Sliaksp. has ' Things base and vile, 
holding no fwmiitg* Then of such a capacity as an- 
other. — Jamieson allies '\Ikos, to our LIKE, *4J, 
qud, ' as.' But see the obss. on *A\lyKios, 

^'HAil, fJAiirof, * in the flower or prime of life, of age : — 
of the same age, a fellow: — Ulster, like, [as 'A\i7ic*o»,] :' 
Ldd. Comparing 'HA/icos above, we have these mean- 
ings: 1. as great as can be, 2. 3. as great or large as 

'H\ioKdy$apos, * the dung-beetle : prop, sun-beetle, 
for it was the Egyptian hieroglyphic for the sun: ' Ldd. 

"HAiof , the sun. — R eAi}, beat or light of the sun. 

'HAIY, ffAiTot, a Dorian shoe.— Some say o, iutens., 
AtVa : as made of leather well oiled. ? 

*ll\6s : in 'HAc({s. 

^HAos, a nail, peg, stud. — R. few, triJi, fccAos, as 
A^cAos, A^Aof : Sent in« driven in. As^Ey-cH) from ctou. 

'HAtJ7n,'HAw|, duskiness. — Dnn. from a, not, Awny, 
light. Others from a, intens., Ai^ duskiness, but 1/ 
in A&yri is long. 

'HA(}<nov, * Elysium, the abode of the departed. — K. 
ffAvo-is, lAcvtf'ts, ^Aciio-o/Mu:' Dnn. To which souls 
depart or retire. (Z) ' R &Aum, to rejoice: Or a, A^w, 
as the departed are indissoluble in frame : Or a positive, 
as loosed from the burden of the flesh:' Damm. 

"HAvirts, a coming: As above. 

''H/io, * what is sent or thrown, a dart : from [t<«# 
^juai,] Xrifu:* Ldd. 

'H/ia9($€is, sandy : HfiaBos. 

^H/uai, to sit. — R fcv : To send oneself down, fnuu 
pf. pass. ; or, with Buttm., like St^MAL 

'H/io/j, the day : «poet. for *Hfi4pa :' Dnn. (a) As 
''Hrop from fi(«, f^o<,to breathe, so ''> from '\&ca^ 
+^/wM, to shine. Compare *H«6j.* (3) *Hebr. yow, 
the day : ' Mrt. 

"HfxSporoy : in *A6pora(o». 

•HMEI2, we. — ' From ifih, me ;* Mrt But this 
explains nothing. 

'HjucKT^, Ufpi-TifitKriu, to be pained at, indignant 
at — R ^MCM, ^ju€ira, as *I will spue thee out of my 
mouth' Rev. 3. 16. (a) * To be wounded (in spirit): 
oT/ui, alfidffffa, ffxcacTcu :* Dnn. As vrifiEpriis. 

'H;i6pa, the day. — Fem. of fi/Ji.€poSy gentle, mild. 
' For ijin4pa &pa or ^db-ir, mild hour or light, in opp. to 
the gloomy night:' Valck. 'The mild shining or mild 
state of the air:' Damm. 'The placid time:' Lenn.- 
Used, in opp. to a boisterous day, as ^quor is the level 
water opp. to the boisterous, (a) Compare ^Hfuxp. 

'Hfxfpisj a cultivated vine: from 

*'HfjL€poSj tame, reclaimed, gentle. — R ^/uai, to sit : 
Sitting quiet. As ^acu, 9iavxos. Compare Luke 8. 35, 
' sitting . . . and in his right mind', (a) Transp. from 
•\ijpffios, as in ^pipuau 
H/iir the same as ^nfd, 

'H/i£-, half : for^H/tio-v. 

•H/ii/yo, half a 'Eicrc^s or Sextarins. — Abore. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



'HfilovoSj half-ass, mnle. — B. ^/u-, tvos, 

"Hfjuavs^ half. — * Coi"ay proposes /i*€<roj, middle, as 
Medius, Dimldius :' Dnn. 'H-, much as 'A in 'AtA^os. 
(2) Damm from ^a, laos : An equal, corresponding 
ivith another equal. (3) *A for &na as at eud of *A- 
fMo^a ; MIS- as in MlZri^Wai, to divide. 

^HfjuTvStoVf a stron/r linen towel. >- B. rifii-j as Lat. 
tfemi-cinctium, a napkin. The latter part is obscure. 
Is the word from fifiiav, for fifu^iStotf, as J^b, Tb : 
ScGrXoy, TtihKov • ^^fifpov, TiifAtpov. The termina- 
tion somewhat as KuroHBlON, (2) Jablonski fram 
Copt, touboj clean, as a priest's garment. Then iifU' 
rikiov, an adulterated sort. 

*H/Abf , oar : B. ^/uc7s. 

'Haws . . . , T^/tof . . : When . . . , then . . . .—From 
f, T$, i.e. Vh^P^ or &fn^ though the meaning of the 
alBx /Aos does not appear, any more than iKa in 'HNtxa, 
THNiifo. (a) *B. ^/4CV:*Mrt. ? 

'Hmv«» to bow down, droop, drop. — Like^Hfia,*H/iO)y, 
from f CM, fijfii, ^/Mu : Mitto, Be-mitto, Sub-mitto me. 
(2) Ldd. and Dnn. from /tuw, as Hom. : HLxhtqv Artrc 
vrb fi\€^Hipoiaij were closed, or, we may construe, 

"HfMv^ a darter : B. {/ua. 

*Hy, if: ^<«»'. 

*Hi/, *Hyl, *HW86, lo!— For 'EwJe, from ^v-ffSw, 

'Hi'ciHiif, Ai-T7y€ic^f, extended, wide, long. — ^R Mkoi: 
Brought or carried forward, pro-ductus. * Borne or 
bearing to an object, as Lat us from Fero:' Sohneid. 
* Latus' for * di-l5tus.' So xoS-HNEKHS, carried or 
reaching down to the feet. 

'Hy/a, "Hviov, bridle, reins: — a shoe-string. B. 
ivSto, iv&j to bring into one, unite : prop, applicable to 
a pair of horses, &c. Thus Homer : VinrAN fiPi* ^X^'^- 
To, TmrflN jjw' IXtii/. (a) B. 4mA, &vo^, ityAiTffu : By 
which we have the UPP£B hand of. Aspir. as in 

'Hvlica . . , TtivUtOj when . . . then . . . — B. ^y, r^y, 
1. e. &fHiu or ii/jidpay, at what hour or day, at that hour 
or day. So a^rlKA. 
'Hi'i?, of a year old : fror, 
*Hi/opca, manliness. — B. ii^p, ivtpos, adj. f &/«/>, 

^Hvoifr, ^Ji'oTor, glittering, of brass. — B. ^i', &f^, &^ : 
In which one can see oneself, or the countenance appeal's. 
(2) B. &V-, not, Sn^ : Too dazzling for the eye to see. 

"Hyvarpot^j the fourth or completing stomach of rumi- 
nating animals. — B. iy&tf, Ijuvarrou, 

'Hxayia, * indigence : from ovovfa:* Dnn. Thus : 
tnrayla, f^oyia, f &-Tay{a, ifirayla^ as *H^^ft> many for 
/jL^M, (2) Better from a, not, wdofuu^ to possess. 

'"HriAP, firaros, the liver. — B. ijTios, soft. See 
'HIIEPoirci^M. Aspir. as in *Hy4ofjuu, ? 

"HwroSf * a fish, perh. from its [hepatic] color:* Ldd. 

'HirfScu'^f, 'weak, weakly j — unsound, halting.— 

Schneid. from Ijrtos;' Ldd. As oftriAANOX (a) 
R o, t»if, t«e»*, whence n««ij, n^SiXoy : Disabled in 
the feet, halting. Thus "A-irow* is lame. (3) B. a, 
T^dov : Infirm on the ground: opp. to "E/a-tcSos. 

"HiTfipoSf the main-land, continent : Le. &-wtipo$; 
a-Ttipoya yaiav, Hom. Unbounded. 

'Hff-cpoTciW, to cheat, cajole. — B. <J«oy, f lJ»efof, (as 
/U17EPO2,), &!', the voice : To say soothing things to. 
(Z) B. a, we/ws; ^Jiretpos. To make unbounded pro- 
mises to : — or unfulfilled, 'Aw4p<urra. (3) B. ^w<W : 
To SAY and do not. (*) For vfA^povt^. 

'Hir^a-offdcu, * to repair, mend, ameliorate. ^Hviit^s, 
a botcher. Allied to^Hrios mild:' Dnn.: To make 
mild and tame. (2) B. Sirrw, apio and the old apOf 
to join, and so patch. 

*HiriaAos, a shivering fever. 'KridKris, the night- 
mare. — R ix'idWM, ^ir-taX», to assail, much as 
Epilepsy from 'Eti-Xiji/^is : And thus ^EmdXTris is the 
nighumare. (a) Or B. t«l, SAXo/wu, to jump upon. 
And *E<pid\ni5, where is the Aspirate, points to 

"Hwtoj, mild, gentle, kind. — B. €»» : Easy to speak 
to, af.fabilis, affable. So 'Ewtjt^s. Or as Hopa- 
fiv9irriKhs, consolatory, (a) B. iiro.ucu: Following, 
submissive. (3) Allied to 'AxaX^s. 
'Hiri$w, to call out to, tva. 
''Hpj spring, (op, 

''Hpa, things pleasant — B. Ap», ^pov\ Suitable, as 
♦"Apjuevo, 'Eirf-T^pa', Ldd. 

•Hpo, Juno. — Ldd., Dnn. and Lenn. compare Lat. 
hSra, mistress: — allied to hSrtu^ prob. from ^ipa, 
lord of the land, as *Terrarum dominos', Hon, and 
much as Domus, Dominus. The same ally *Hf>o also to 
•HpwJ, a hero, and "Apijr, Mars, whence *hptinv and 
"AptoTOJ. (a) *From ^pA»: [Lovely.] Or o)^p, 
i^pof,* the air :* Mrt Indeed "Hpo is also *the air*. 
*A poetic name of air :' Ewing. — Compare "Hpovoj. 
(3) * Hebr. eeree, to conceive:' Wr. 

•'Hpoyos, * friend, guardian, ruler. From ^po, things 
pleasant:' Ldd. Doing things pleasing, gratifying. 
So *Eir(-<^pavof is pleasing. — Or B. &p», to suit, 
ffpapc ; whence *Ap-iryw, to help, (a) R ipdw, to 

"HpffM, softly, gently : — by degrees. — Ldd. allies 
it io'Eprifios, lonely, (a) Better from ip*<rico», 1[ap4vy 
placeo, whence Piacidfe, Placidly. (3) Transp. from 

'Hp*, in the early morning ; — in the early part ^4povs 
of summer. — * Akm to •Rtbr, the morning : a dative 
adverbial:' Dnn. But how to get it? — Steph. says: 
**Hp, the morning, either because 'Hp the morning has 
a certain likeness to *Hp the spring, as noon to sum- 
mer: or, as "Opdpov from *Op$ov0(Uj so from Afpw, 
CHpoy,) is*Hp, as raising men from their beds to their 
work.' — Perhaps *A€p« might not only mean Air from 
f&w to blow, but Morning from f&w to shine :^ or 
indeed it might have meant the Fresh air of moming^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Jnst as ASpa did from f&c* to blow. See on *H(6r. 
(2) 'Sax. aer^ the morning: whence early:* Todd. 
X3) 'Hebr. oor, light:' Mrt. 

'Hpucaircubs, or -««▼., * epith. of a god, prob. Bac- 
chus or Prillpt^ Usu. deriyed from 4fM, inivosi* 
Ldd. Or from ffpoyos lefywov, guardian of gardensi as 

*Hpioy, a mound, barrow, tomb. — ' R f ^pot, earth. 
Prop, a funereal earthen mound :' Dnn. (2) For a 
"Hfws, (3) R. ^loy, peak, promontory. H, as *HSai65, 

'HPA2, ' orig. any free-man, respectable by birth or 
skill : the Germ. Wr, sir: — then hero, one above the 
race of common men, — object of worship:' Ldd. 
' Irish earr, noble, grand, a champion : Germ, herr, 
Dutch heer, lord:' WUt *Chaia, har, noble:' Mrt. 
* Heb. her, a noble person :' Wr. * Darom with the old 
Gramm« refer l(/wf to'A/nis, *Apcr^, &c. He cites 
alaoLat hems, lord:' Dnn. But 'Hp«f and Henu 
may flow from fya^ as 'land-lord', much as Domus, 
Dominus. * Terrarun dotninos\ Hor. 

^Heris, pleasure : B. I{5o/mu, fttrofxai, 

^Ha-aa, defeat: Le. inferiority in battle: tieom'Ho-ffdwj 
to subdue, for rfffaoydw from fiffaotr, ^<r<royos. So to 
Worst (a) B. t&tf, V«> mitto, sub-mitto. Sub 

Hffffuyj feebler, weaker, inferior, less. -» As BaBhs, 
BdffffMVf so HiKOf liffffwtf, then fja-atttf^ as superl. 

'Hirvxor, still, quiet. ^B. ^fuu, l^o-oi: Sitting; still. 
See "HfAffos, (2) B. few, Vw, as iii^Htf-o-o. ' Sab- 
missive': see^Ho-o-o. (3) B. ffiofuu^ Ijao/uUf to be 
pleased : as Pkoeo, Placidus. 

*HTa, eta : formed after Zeta and TAeto. 

^Hrop, the heart. ' Strictly the breath', Ldd., from 
j-&», Jiroi, to breathe. ' So Homer, 'Eyl ^cal 6v/u^f 

"Hrptovy the warp. ''Hrpio, a thin fine cloth. — 
Ldd. allies it to irr», ^top, to jump^ spring. (2) 
As BaihSf *H6oubf , so Damm for frplov from rpia : a 
triple thread, as Di-mity from Sis, idtos, two threads. 

HTpov, ' from ^op [as being contiguous to it:] The 
part of the body below the navel, the abdomen : — Met. 
of a pot, — the pith of a reed:' Ldd. and Don. (2) 
R fc«, ^flu. 7i}/i<: Into which the food is sent Or 
^», to ga ^DeecendU in valorem': Hor. 

*Hl)r«, the same as E^rc. 

'H^ourrof , Vulcan, the god of fire as used in art 
and working in metal. -*- R Attm,^^ to kindle, bum. 
(2) R ou^o), to handle, ' Fabrilia tractans'. As 

'Hx^^j'Hxo*, a sound. *Hxei>, echo. — R &7y6/a, 
^X<^ frango: A re-fr«cted sound. Hesiod: ITfpt 
S' Synro lix^* Virg.: ' Fractal ad litton voces.' So 
Fnigor from Frango. 

'H^f, the dawn. Mots, — R f&«, to shine.— Some say 
R t&w to breathe, from the morning breezes. See ASpa, 


9adura»f for 8c(<r(rw. 

Baeofim, Doric of 8f(£o/iai. 

6aip^f, hinge of a door. — As we have not only 
AXpw but AipcM and KaBtUpotj and not only "Apw but 
'Apfwvia and *Apfi6(», we may suppose 6 to take the 
place of an Asjnrate (as in Bdfia, edXour<ra, dciA^ 
wc8oy,) in A1jm» or tA2jp« to raise, suspend, 'Aprden 
The Hanger. So Hinge is from Hang. (2) 'Allied 
to ^4w, ^», ^6puf, and TAx^*: 'k motu versatili,' 
Lenn. Or to TAFcuro-w, * to put in movement,' (Dnn.) 
(3) Dnn. and Damm from ^pa, ? ? 

BoKos, a seat — R ^daam. 

BdJiofios, * a chamber in tlie inner part of a house,— 
a bridal chamber, and so marriage; — any sleeping- 
room; — store-room ;•— the fimale apartment in the 
innermost part of the house, — the lower and inner part 
of a ship where the BaXofurai rowers sat, — the inner 
chapel in Egyptian temples. R ^dKww, to warm, 
cherish, comfort:' Dnn. — The ^femah apartment' 
leads some justly to bring it from dijKvs, a female: Or, 
as ' the bridal chamber ' from ^a\ta, festive joy. And 
thus the female or the bridal chamber is the first 
sense. In form as vA^kAMO:S. (2) Jabl. makes it 


edAoo'o'a, the sea. * Prob. [for BXairaa, ending as 
/x^Ai:S^'| from Aas, aAbs,sothate]s for the Aspirate, 
as 'Afio, edfia. Or for 2, [ScUof . t$(Uao'<ra,] : ' Ldd. 
e, as also in e«iA^c8ov. Possibly the B from rh 
&\as, f^dKas, (2) R »dXXM, »a\&, * vixeo', whence 
* viridis': tfi we say sea-^reen. 

BdXeia, 'blooming, luxuriant, rich, goodly. The 
muse ThalUiy the blooming one. One of the Graces, 
patroness of festive meetings:' Ldd. So OaAcp^r, 
blooming : 0aX/a, bloom of life, good cheer, feast. And 

8dA\of, BdKos, a young shoot or branch. — From 

6cUAw, to bloom, flourish. — ' Perh. a form of &AA«, 
HWofuUy [to spring up,] for the aspirate [as BcUmro-a] :' 
Dnn. (2) Bather, as ^dw, Y<(AA«, so ^dw, to 
nourish, dd\X(o. See 6i|\i^, e^Avs. (3) ' Hebr. 
to/, dew:' Mrt. 

ectAir«, to warm, heat, cherish, nourish. — ' Allied 
toi^cCAAei:* Ldd. and Dnn. As fi4\os, /xcXIIw, and 
l\nw. So 8aA.i}» is to heat. Some account for II 
from iro«, froiw : To make to warm.? See Bd», 

BaXiffUL, oflbring of first-fruits after harvest. — R. 
da\vw, ^dXirw, to warm, bum. 

edfta, together, close, frequently. — For 'A/uk, as 
BdXcuraa, BfiK^n^lioy. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



BdfxSoSj amazement — R. d^io, HBavoVj J€&a€oVj 
as \aM€(iv<tt, Hesjcli. has ^Bos, So K\dtOj K\aM66s, 
Ba/ilCuj to come t^a/ut often to a place. 
&dfuf0Sf thicket, bush. — B. ^dfULj close. 
®dyaT0Sj death ; from 

f©av€«, -f&vcuj &vfiaK<Of to die. — *To lie or be 
dead \ says Dnn. Hence aspir. from f Toy^, rouVoi : 
To be stretched out. ' Moribundua extendi ;' Gurtius. 
Kuro Taflels, Horn. (Z) * R. ;&6iV«, ^^rtvoi' : To be 
killed : ' Dnn. (S) ' Hebr. teena, dust, clay : ' Wr. 

edo/icu, to wonder at:— later, to survey. — For 
BraojUCM, to gaze. 

BcCirro), *to bum the dead: and, as the ashes were 
gen. inumed and put under ground, to bury:' Ldd. — 
For fiirrw, to bum, as'A/xa, Od/to. (2) R dcoi, dc{», 
^dcTfftOf to put or rest in the ground. 

eapjTiKt^u, * an Athenian month, middle of May and 
June : some say April. — Prob. from d^p», as dApaoSj 
to warm. Some from J^€p», yrj ?' Dun. Some add 
jjAios : When ^4p€i yfjv fjKios. 

&dp<ros, edf^Sy epdaoSf boldness, courage; — over- 
boldness, rashness, impudence. — R. ^fpoo, rddapa-oUj 
whence etpfjihs^ hot, ardent, rash, as Nat^ou(rt J^cp/xots, 
Soph. ' Periculotsa et ccdida consilia*, Cic. 
Ocurloj pickle from the isle of Tkauoa. 

&d(T(rUy fOofitf, to sit down. Ga/roy, a seat Allied 

by Valck. to f(&^«, riBrifAi: To place or set myself 
down. So ®4ffa-a<r0atj and so from ji^co; Battm. 
deduces 0od(cOf to sit. (2) Aspir. from yrdof^ rdcaw, 
to SET in onier. 

Qda-ffwv, compar. of Tax^?, or f Ooir^s, as Ba6^s, 

Qdrepoy is rh trtpov^ very curiously formed on the 
model of pi. ddrepa, i. e. rh trcpa, 

&avfiaj a wonder. — B. ddofiou. Compare Tpavfia. 
(a) * Hebr. thaumaJi, to wonder:* Mrt., &c. 

&d}j/os, emlfioj ^ ThapmSy an island; — a town in 
Africa ; — a town in Scythia : — a herb used for dyeing 
yellow brought from some of those places:' Grove. 

©t£«, to give suck, nourish, warm. — Aspir. from 
•fTcLtf, reW, tendo : To stretch out the hand to give. 
* e(£»,to stretch forth and give something to be enjoyed :' 
Dalz. * To give milk [or the breast] to be sucked or 
milked:' Damm. —Or thus: * Tendo^ to tend, am^tnten^ 
on, give attention to,' &c. 
0ei, a Goddess. — R. eeds. 
©e'a, a sight. — From 

06(£o/Mu, to view, to gaze on with amazement or ad- 
miration. •^ Aspir. from fredo/uo/, from frew, rtiva, 
tendo : To look attentively or intently on, just as 'A. 
.r€vi(u, (a) B. 3««, to run i.e. to view an object. 
(3) *Hebr. tkeah, to wonder at :' Mrt. 

&eapbsf *I>or. for ef(ap6s:* Dnn. So TlpSxos for 

eiarpovy a tkeatre for seeing public spectacles. — B. 

&u\6wtioVy a sunny place for drying fruits on : — a 

hurdle for it. — Aspir. for EtXJireSoi', (as Bdfia,) from 
etAt;, iri^oy. 

OeW, to smite, strike. — Aspir. from Telua, to 
stretch out, so lay flat. (2) B. dew : To make to run, 
hit, goad on. Much in form aa *Oplvto, (3) ' Hebr, 
&i^A», he stabbed:' Pkh. 

86i<i^<», to inspire as the b€oi, 

66<by, sulphur. — B. ^uoi. * A divine fumigation :* 
Dnn. 'The divine fire, lightning;' Dr. Jones. * The 
divine thing:' Pkh. B^iov vvpbs Alcest. 5. * Flamma 
Jovis:' Virg. * Brimstone was thought to have a 
purifying and averting power:' Ldd. *Cuperent lustrari, 
si qua darentur Sidphura:* Juv. 

8f tof , divine. — From ©crfs. 

BtTosy an uncle. — Contr. from 'Hi^cibs, a term of 
respect and regard. 

0€\y\vy T€\xly, Tc\(iPj ' an enchanter ; — also, an 
envious and wicked man. R J^^Xyai : ' Dnn. * Nescio 
quis teneros oculus mM/asdnat agnos,' Virg. 

ecATtt), to charm, enchant, soothe, flatter. — As 0€i. 
X^eSoi^, 0dfM, &c., from cXkw, to attract, for ^^4\Ka, 
d4\yo». (a) Where ^4\<» I choose, &ya I lead. ? 

B4\€fwsj * epith. of the Nile, producing freely, as 717 
4^4\owraf Xen. * Volentia rura*, Vii^g. For 04\Tifios :* 

e/Xufu'a, transp. for f d^/xvAva, ^Cfi4\ta, foundations. 

0€A»: in *E84\a), 

Bffia, anything laid down, proposition, theme. And 

e€^«0Aov, 0€fji,4\tov, a foundation. — R f;^««, Te0€- 
fMi : On which a building is laid. Seti4\iop r4d€iKx 
1 Cor. 3. 10. 

&€fi€phs, grave, serious. — R as above: Com-positus, 
com- posed, settled. Composito vultu. (3) R d4fus : 
0pp. to ez-lez, disorderly. 

&4fuSt &€(rfihs, a law laid down : a tax, im-post, — B. 
fi&€w, r46€fAaif rcdeo-juat, rlBrifiu So B€afjLO'64r7is, a 
lawgiver. *Ponere mores', Virg. * To lay down the 

ee/uJw, to order, enjoin, compel. — R d4fjus ; Hesych. 
^€fi65. To lay down the law. 

&4vapj the palm of the hand, sole of the foot — B. 
delvoffj ^€u& : the part of the hand with which we 
strike. ' Os palmd pulsat:* Petron. ' Planll faciem 
contundere palma* : Juv. 

0(hs, GOD. — B. t^^w, Ti$rini; Who placed in order 
the universe. So Hei-od. : KAr/ty SENTES tA vdvra 
Tp^yfutra, Xen. : ^}}irfp ol 0EOI AI-E0E2AN. (a) 
R dedofjMt: Who inspects all tilings. (3) Some, as 
Plato, from d4u, to mn : from the courae of the heavenly 
bodies which were regarded as Gods. (4) See in Z€vs, 
(5) The Egyptian Theus. (6) 'Welsh duWylnah dia. 
Armor, dotte, Gypsey die we, Sanskr. deva:* Wbst. 

QtpaTf^y to tend, attend to, take care of, heal, cure. 
— R depo), as @4pay IAicos, Nicander: prop, applying 
warm fomentations to. 

0epdrro)Vy an attendant. — Above: for &€poeiC€v<»u. 

Qepfibs, hot : in 0epw. Is @4piw5 allied ? viz. ' a 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



lupine ; the flavor bitter, bat made palatable by steeping 
in water : — they also famish a fermented drink in 
Egypt i* Dnn. ' Tqpena InpTnos' is foand in Martial. 

0cp», to warm, heat : B^pos, heat, sammer, harvest : 
%tpiQ», to gather in the harvest: Bcp/ubs, hot. — 
Aspirated from rclpn^ rcp£, to rab, and so rub dry, dry, 
whence Tcpo-« to dry up, to parch. 

e«riceAos, godlike. — B. I^cbf, hciXos, like. So 

BefffiSs : in B4fus, 

&4<nrts, 8c(nr^(rios, that can only be spoken by a God, 
vast, immense, &c.: spoken by a God, prophetic — B. 
debs, ?(nroy, to speak. So B4ffKt\05, 

Bttrad\ti»f to act or speak as a TkessaUan. 
04fftraff9aty * to pray for, seek by prayer : pcrh. from 
f^cw, rl&rifUy [to place myself down,] to sit as a sup- 
pliant:' Ldd. and Dnn. See edrw. (2) R f'^^w, 
rtivM, to stretch out i.e. my hands in prayer, bee 

Sirrji, one who puts down a security: ©erbf, one 
put for another, spurious. — R. f'^^w, riSrifu. 

Sfvfiopos, the same as Bf6-fJLOpo5j as B^wpopia is 

f e€c», TlOrffUy to place, lay, put — For t*»> (*» 
BdKcuTcrOy BdfM, OeiA^cSov,) ti^/itt, to send down, 
(a) Aspir. for ^r4o>f trdw, rcivw, rda-a-v, * to place or 
put in order' (Dim.). 

©*«, dei;rrw, to run; 0iJ«, to rush. — Aspir. for ^rdw^ 
T€if», tendOy intendo cnrsum. Compare Tax<^*. (2) 
As eeiA<Jire5oi/, BdfM, &c., for few, Tiy/u : To send my- 
self on. (3) < Allied to 2€^': Dnn. 

&€wph5f ' a spectator, as of shows : — a deputy sent to 
assist at a festival or consult an oracle [or the Gods] : 
a magistrate attending to sacred rites. Some in the 
latter sense from J^cbs, ^pa, or debs, 6pAu: in the former 
dedo/iai:* Dnn. So dewp^w, to behold, view, consider; 
also go as deputy, &c.' (Z) * Or Hebr. thoor, to ex- 
plore:' Wr. 

&ri6dyasy * the N.E. wind :' Ldd. * The wind blowing 
from the quarter of Thebes to Athens : ' Dnn. 
Briyiurj, a whetstone. From 
0^7», to sharpen, whet. — As fTfiew, T/jJiyw, so 
f T€«, f-rfiyaj aspir. ^iiyu ; f t««, whence relvw, tendo, 
intendoj to give itUeruUiveness to the point. Thus 
Forcell. explains Intentua^hj 'acer', and adds, * Quia 

?uaB intendmUurt majorem vim habent.' (2) MrL for 
do^w, from dohsf keen, &7«, ^ov : To bring to a 
aharp point ? 

QilKTiy case, box : rlOrifju^ ^Otikou 

0t}\6(i>, to bloom : doUXw, l^i^Aa. 

Bn\^'t a woman's breast — R. d(iw, to suckle : 
fdaeX^, driX-fi. &> dTjAdfw, to suckle. 

BrjKvSj a woipan, as distinguished for the ^Kii. 
'Also, partaking ojf the frnitfulness, delicacy, &c. of the 
female sex, as life-givjng, tender, soft:' Ldd. 

Briixav, a heap- — * R. t/^/«, as Bufios a heap :' 
Ldd. Put up together, laid up. 

eVf ' Akin to A^ :' Ldd. * Formed from it :' Dnn., 
Damm and Dr. Jones. As Bebs, Deus; ©V> I^'* 
(a) As i8HN Doric for J5EIN, and »AHN for wXEIN, 
so dHN for fdEIN from fd^M, 3^(ra>, Tt9q/u< : To lay it 
down, \,e.po»Uively which from Pono, Posiium, 

6^T00, Tc'ihiwa, to be or stand amazed. — B. f^^ao;, 
ddoftat, dav/M, &c. As $\tUu, trfiUct, 

ehpj M. ^^p, a wild beast Bijpctf a hunt — 'R. 
d€«0, to run : From its celerity :' Lenn. and Mrt B», 
dV, as draw, al0HP. (a) *'Our c2eer. Germ. <&ier, 
Dutch dier, Dan. dyr, Polish euners: prim, roving:' 

ei}pfjc\eia, drinking cups, 'called after TAericks^ 
a celebrated Corintliian manufacturer :* Dnn. 

Bhs, dirrbs, *a serf, bound to till land for his lord: — 
a freeman who hires himself to a master; — hired 
kbourer. — Buttm. from Tl^^,a^<r», like our Settler, 
from Set or Sit;' Ldd. — Or, as btlsj placing out his 
services on hire, * qui opus locatum facit' Thus ' ex-po- 
situs' is put out for sale. So QTiffaa, * a poor girl who 
was obliged to go out for sale, [dc <<ra,] :' Ldd. 

Biiffavphs, a treasure. — R. rlBrifu, ^^erw, to put 
down. Some add oZpov, aurum. (2) * Uebr. thazer ;' 

eHTA, iheta. Hebr. teth. 
Biayiayy a sacrificial cake. And 
Bicuros, a band marching in honor of a god. — Prob. 
from ^fhSf duos^ dttd(u :' Ldd. 

eiBH or eHBH, a chest, ark, basket 'It might 
be from [f^fw.] t^cor, to pkce, [as dis]. But it is 
the Hebr. thebah :' Mrt (Very rare.) 

Biipbs , hot, ' Dor. for B^pfxds :' Ldd. Allied to 
T^^po, ashes, and Tu^ to bum. Aspir. for fTupphsj 
then B as ^^w, amBo. I, as KExp^os, hlKpupis ; 
v\£k», pllco ; AEtos, liber ; &c. 

^Biyw, Biyydvoif to touch. — Aspir. from "friyto^ 
allied to TerayitVf touching. Compare rl», allied tu 
"frcU*, ^r4Wf rtivu. (2) Like BdfM and ©etA^JireSov : 
from Ikw : To come up to a thing, and so touch it. 
f0»ic», &iy». See e^«. 

0ls. &\y, dlybsj a heap, sand-heap, beach, shore. — As 
'Pis, TPli', from ^ew, /i«, so Bis, Blv, from f^ew, ;&«, 
tidriiiiy agreeing with Oi^juwi^, and Bwims : Com-positns, 
put together. (2) R. dtiva^ to beat : Beaten by the 
waves. (S) * Hebr. teen, mud :' Wr. 

B\6ffiriSy * a sort of large cress, the seeils of which 
were ^Kaurrh bruised or crushed, and used like mustard :' 
Ldd. So IXeSniX 

0A(iw, ^Aciw, to crush, bruise. — ^^ Allied to 0pava>, 
f Tp(^, Tirpdu :' Dnn. The A and P, as in KAl€cafoSj 
KPiSowos : \tlPioyj liLium. (2) * Hebr. tfUOy to split :' 

&\i6(ifif ^XlSos^ like 0AacD, ^Aaa>, to squeeze, pinch, 
gall. Compare Tpletc. 

BtrfioTKUy to die : in ^&av4w. 
BvTiroSj a mortal. — Above. 
BodQuf to move 3ows fast 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



eod(iv, to sit : — in edrtrv. So BottKos. 

Botvrif a meal, feast — Allied to eodCv^ to sit : A sit- 
ting down to table. So ewKos, e6aKos, is a sitting, 
assembly. So &wr0ai is to feast, and &ii»acot, (2) B. 
bflvv^ r40oivai *A slaying of the fatted calf.' (3) 
Dnn. allies it to edoe, to nourish, Tt*^, Ti^W| : WbsL 
to Aalyvfuu, 

BoAia, a parasol, like a 

e6\oSf dome, cupola, round chamber. — R. 3€a», ri- 
doa, to run (round), a8''lTVj is "A/i^trvf . So.n«pf- 
.Spo/ios is a circular gallery. ^H Ktwrdraros 0£E 
XoAk^s, II. V. 275. In form as YdXof. (2) ' R. prob. 
8Xos:' Dnn. As edfia, &c. (3) 'Hebr. thalahf to 
suspend:' Mi*t. 

&6\oSf mud, dirt — R. f'^cw, ridoa^ rlOrifu : A de- 
potU of mud. (2) * The Attic is '0\^f \ says Dnn. 
So that BoKhs (like edfM) may be for 'OA^s, allied to 
*£oAi|TO, 'AAcb, oollected, "EWw, &c. 

eo^s, quick. — R. ;^ca>, Tc0oa, to run. 

0op^, eop^f, id quod emittit mas dopdv, 

Q6pu€oSy uproar, noise. — Allied to Qovposj impetuous, 
(a) R. Topds, loud, audible. (3) Ldd. and Dnn. ally 
Tvft€ri, Turbfif but these are from &6pu€os. 

"f&ipaj &6ptfVfuu, ^Qp6ay Qp<&ffKw, to spring, bound. 
Allied to do6sy swift : or ^cw, f 3($ctf, dopu^ as ^^foty 
A4pw, (2) As Qdn€tj from fSfMi, Spfidu^ to rush. 

Bovposj impetuous. — Above. 

S6mko5, the same as Qukos, 

epovci^ai, to stretoh on the tanner's ^payos form or 
board, to tan. 

epuvosy a bench, form. — R. dpAu. So Sprjws and 
Bp6vo5. (2) * Hebr. tkreriy to seat high ;' Wr. 

Bpcaf6wf to break in pieces ; R. ^dpduj dpcoSw, Some 
explain it to unbench a ship, from dpStyos, much as we 
say To Wing a bird. 

epacTKias, * The Thracian or N.W. wind :* Dnn. 

&pdff05 s in Bdpvos, 

0pdirat», to trouble, disquiet. — R. rapd(r(r»y -frpdaaco. 

0pavAoff, Opat/pof , broken ; from 

Bpai&Uf to break, bruise, weaken.— Allied to fTpa^'w, 
TpavfjLo, which see. 

epcUtf, to make to sit. — *R dduj dduraco, to sit: 
whence [f^afpw,] fd^pw, dp(i«:' Valck. Much as 
^cUtf, ^alPw ; ;^Pw ; 8^P». 

epififMf a nurseling. — R Tp^^w, r^Bptfifuu. 

Bp4ofjMij to cry aloud, shriek Out * R. t^p€», aspir. 
from Tp6w,to tremble through fear:' Dnn. (2) Allied 
to Bpa6tOj as 'JHiypv/u ifwp^v, * Rumpere vocem :* and 
KAoiw from K\du, To break out into tears and lamen- 

epcTTOvcXb, ^formed to imitate the sound of the 
harp:' Dnn. 

Qpirrt : *Th dpim in Aristoph, is rh ^paurby 
IPparity"] : prob. a barbarism :' Ldd. 

ep^vosy lamentation. — R. dp4ofjLau 
epTJvvSf the same as Gpavos, 

SpiiaKos, superstitious, ^ religious. — B. dp4ofiai: 

^ From the noises made in the ancient supexstitious rites :* 
Hemst Allied to BpSos, (2) Dnn. from f^pcw, Tp4tg, 
to tremble (with religious awe). (3) From 0ppKcs : 
< The Thractatu being much aiddicted to superstitious 
rites :' (Dnn.) See Bptt^Klns, 

epial, * Parnassian nymphs, who invented a kind of 
soothsaying by pebbles drawn from an urn : they were 
said to be threes [rpeij , rploy"] whence some derive the 
name : — the pebbles and lots, and divinations :' Ldd. 
(2) The pebbles first : then, as tTptw, Tpl^tv, dpl^m, so 
^^pUt, ^piuf ^p^wToi, to break, like KA^pos from kXjLu, 
Y^s from Ifdu, 

BpiofiBos, a triumphal procession, and hymn, gen. to 
Bacchus.— As 1atA€os, — for ^plaSoSj aspir. from rpidCwy 
to conquer, frpi^irrw, much as 'ItUXw, 'Idwra. (2) 
From victors being anciently crowned ipiots with fig- 

BpijKhs, -x^y, coping, eaves. — From ;&pl|, rpixhs, 
(r as H'xos, XoTx^tw,) : The coping overhanging the 
wall as the hair the head. Compare Lat comaj the 
leaf on trees as the hair on the head. 
BplCu : for B€pl(w, 
Bpiva^ : the same as Tpu^o^. 

0pt|, rpixhsy hair, bristle, &c. — R. ^plCwj {» : ' A 
thing cropped, sheared or reaped :' Dr. Jones. Thus 
Eurip. has air-4ept(rftf rplxas. So Ciesanes from Caedo, 
Caesum. Bpt^u JE6L 

Bploi, reefs or little ropes on the lower part of the 
sail, used to take it up and make it smaller. — Prob. 
contr. from T4p0pioi, ropes from the end of a saiiyard. 

Bp7ouj a fig-leaf : * prob. from the rpia three lobes of 
the fig-leaf :' Ldd. and Dnn. 

Bplopj * a kind of stuffing or forced-meat, called from 
its being wrapped in fig-leaves :* Ldd. — Above. 

Bpiatra, ' a fish, elsewhere TpixiaSj and so from bpl^, 
rpix65 :' Ldd, So Tpixlr is ' a kind of anchovy full of 
small hair-like bones :' Ldd. 

Bp\\^f ivhs, a wood- worm. — R rpiSa, ^plr^j to wear 

Bpo4wy to cry loudly, — to utter, say: from dp4ofuu. 
Also to terrify or disturb hj ^p6oi noisy sounds or idle 

Bp6fi6os, a clot, as of blood. — As "irpdipw, ^rpAfiSoSy 
so Bp6f»€o5 from Tpc^, rhpw^ f T^0po$a, to coagu- 
late, whence Tpo^aXls, cheese. — Others from r40pafificUj 


Bpdvo,. paints, colors; — drugs; — figure- work, em- 
broidery. — ^Allied to Bp6vos, from fdptiw, ^pAxoy to sit : 
Color sitting on the surface of things. * Pallor in ore 
SEDET', Ov. * Pale horror SAT on each Arcadian face :* 
Dryd. So Ldd. says of Xpotc^, * the surface as the SEAT 
of color.' (2) R. t^p({», ^pti<rKco i as rising out above 
the surface, * eminentia in tel& aut veste :' Damm. 

Bp6vof, a seat, throne. — R. "f^pSw, dpAu^ to sit See 
Bprjn/s, Bpaifos, (2) 'Hebr. thi^en, to seat high :' Wr. 

Bpdos, outery, loud noise, mmrmur. — R. dptofiaty 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



SfwaXAls, the wick of a candle.— B. d^v. 

BpvyaydM : in Tpuyovdw, 

Spv\Xi(u, * to break in pieces : akin to Bpa^, 
ep^HTw f Ldd. 

BpvXosj ' like Bp6os and B6pu6o5 :* Ldd. 

BpioVf a rush.— Aa easily breakinur and very brittle, 
from dpdu>, dpa(m, fdp^, dp^wrw. Tboa in tbe 0. T. : 
To bow down his head like a bulrush. So Rashlike is 
' weak, impotent', Todd. 

Bp^wruj to break, braise, weaken.— Allied to epd», 
BpaCw, through f^p^, (a) Valck. from d6pvios, 
^dopimw, (3) * Hebr. treph, to tear in pieces :' Wr. 

Bp^KOf : in B6pcQ. 

BpwTfiin, a mound, eminenoa. — Above : ' Sprinpng 
from the plain :' Ldd. Rising ground. * From which 
one may leap:' Constantine. 

Bvdiu^ to rave or sacrifice like the BvdHts Bacchanals. 
See Bvtds, 

Buavlctf coarse mockery and quarrelling. — R. b^, to 
rage. (2) R. dv^w, above. 

Bvdu, de suibus subantibus. — R. b^, mo (in vene- 
rem) : Hor. Od. 2. 5. 3, 4. (2) Pro <rv^C»* ^ <n)r, 
cv6s : unde Subo. 

Bvydrripy (as EiVin^p,) a daughter. — As loveTH, 
loveS ; Bc^s, St^s ; &c. so Bvyderrip or 2vydnipj from 
ftrv-yiw, (as 2iMnr«i«,) "firthytyarcu : L e. oiuyyovoSf 
co-gnftta, bom to parents along vrith sons. (2) * We 
find Daughter used with little variation not only by the 
Goths, Saxons, Almans, Cimbrians, Danes and Dntcb, 
but by tbe Persians : ' Pkh. * Goth. dauthaVf Germ. 
toclUer ;' Dnn. * Dugida, Sansk. :' Wr. 

Bvfiof Bvts, a mortar. — R. &t^, from the rapid 
movement of the pestle. See B6<rwo5, (2) As pound- 
ing ^os incense. 

eiJeAAa, a storm, hurricane. — R. 3iJ« : 'A mighty 
rushing wind': N. T. So Homer has ' the wind duwv 
rushing with a tempest' As f^'Aw, "AcAAo. Some add 
lAAw, to whirl. 

&u€(rr^Sy the pestle of the bvfia. 

Bvri\^f BiSrifMf @6oVj a sacrifice, or sacrificial cake : «Mw. 

Bvloj Bvta, a kind of cedar or lemon tree. — ' R b^, 
to burn as incense : from tbe sweet odor of its wood in 
burning, Od. 5.59.:'^ Pkh. 

BuiSs, Buits, a Bacchante.— R. 3t;a>, to rage : or to 

evKcuclSf a species of poppy, having an oblong cap- 
sule or 

&i\aK0Sf a bag, pouch, pod, wide trowsers. — Aspir. 
from tiJAi?, a cushion, pillow, &c., tiJAoj, a protuber- 
ance. (2) As Q-hp, ^hPy conversely for <pv\aKos from 
4>v\d(rtriOy to guard, as ^vAaK^. (3) R. b6os : * An 
incense bug:' Lenn. 

BviidKu^, * a half-burned brand. -* For ^/ifid?<a/^ 
from T^», [rtBvfifiaiy] like MctiAonfr/Tdpemf^:' Dnn. 

B^fiSpa, the herb summer-savory, often put for 
BvfjLos thyme, and prob. allied : for f^/ii^po, j^ufipa, 
B as in fiiffTifiBpla. 

Bufi4\fiy altar for saorifioe: — any high place, pulpit in 
the orchestra, and the whole stage; — a domestic altar, 
and the whole house. — R. i^^, r^dv/uoi, to sacrifice. 

Bufud»f to bum bvos incense: to prodnce thereby 
vapor or smoke, BvfaidfUL — R bim, bvfia. 

BifAOVy Bv/ws, thyme. — ' R ddw, to bum inoenae:' 

BvfjJis, passion, erootioo, violence, desire: — ^the mind 
affected by such.— •Rdi^, 'to move impetuously': 

B^nfos, the thnnny or tunny fish. — R b^, biyt» : 
*.From the rapidity of its movements': Dnn. 'From 
its qoiek darting motioo:' Ldd. (2) 'Hebr. iheneen:* 

e^y, ^6 ^<^ood of the Bvia. 

e^f, incense. — R b6» 2. 

BOpa, a door. — TH and D are oonstantly inter- 
changed, as B^bsy Deus; murTHer, murDer; Bvydn}/?, 
Daughter; 9^ Door, &c. and see Bifw and dyApcfxAi?. 
B^pa then for f6^pa from 8^, 8viw, to enter in, as 
Homer, Avkc SiftoPy Awt inrtos, &c« That is, A door 
by which we enter. Ato, f'vpa, as A0w, Affpa^ and 
A^, A^pd. (2) Lenn. from d^. Certainly Virgil 
has, *Man% ruuni portii\ *Quk data porta, rtmnC 
Yet a door is not made to rush out by, but to go out 
by. (3) *Germ. t^tir. Sax. cfora, eftir, Dan. dbr, 
Dutch deuTy Welsh dor, Basque dorrea, Russ. cftier, 
Pers. dor, Sanskr. durOy Armen. iuru:^ What, who 
adduces also the Chald., Syr., Arab., Polish, Bohem., 
Carinthian. Allied perh. to our thorovgh, through, 

6uy>fluof, out of doom: biipa. 

Bvpthsy an oblong shield, in the form of a Bvpa-y-^ 
a stone put against a B<>pa, 

B^peoSy a light shaft wreathed with ivy and vine- 
leaves, home by the Bacchanals. Thus are used also 
Bva-la and 6v(r0\a, justifying the deriv. of Bipaos from 
^iW, (as Bd», B^/Hra,) ' in reference to its use in Bsic- 
chanalian rites. This far more prob. than from obs. 
^r6pw, to swell, rise up, whence T^paiSy TurgeOy Turio ;* 
Dnn. (2) 'Hebr. thurtOj branch of the pine:' Dr. 

9^(rayof, ■ fringe, tassel —*' R 3^, d^aot, b^tra, 
to move rapidly:' Dnn. 

Bua-ioy a sacrifice ; B6a0\ay sacrifices, and the same 
as B^paoi ; Biaxriy a censer. — All from biti. 

6vw, to rush, to be impetuous. — Allied to b4wy 
dfiffofjuu, to ran. (2) For <rO»y (rci$», ae^/mu (3) 
R 10^, <to press right on', (Ldd.) 

Bi»y ' to bum perfumes or incense in honor of the 
Gods ; -— to bum in the fire of a sacrifice, to sacrifice, 
celebrate by a solemn sacrifice and fea^t :' Don. The 
terms * burnt oflerings,' *■ burnt sacrifices of faUings*, 
&c. are common in tlie Scriptures. ' After flowers [for 
incense] victims came to be offered,' says Uemst But 
' to bum' will include both perfumes and animals. — 
Dnn. says, * The transition to the sense of impetuous 
movement from the rushing of fiame seems natural :' 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



inuch more so ia the oooverse, and so ibis e^u is no 
other than the former: i.e. to make (flame or smoke) to 
rush oat And so Ormston, * from the rapid istumg of 
smoke from the censer.* See e^ above, (a) From 
c8«, to bam, as Bd/ui, &o. 

ev^yri, Semeld ; eimvebs, Bacchoa. — * Plainly from 
d^:' Ldd. 

e«^>, an impost, fine. — R. t^&», ^w, rlOrftu^ pono, 
impono, to im-pose an im-post ^w^y ivi-d'ho'OfAeu, 

BwKoSf a seat, doicof . 

©«MOj, a heap. — R. t^^», 3«, to pat (together), as 

0fiiAU7(, a cord, whip. — Akin to B&ftos : Strmg 
put together, * in orbem poiitm^ Damm. 

ewwt{w, to flatter: 0^4, 3anr^s, a flatterer. — R. 
^, 2ira, to make ap a face. * Frame my face to all 
occasions :* Shaksp. * Com-posito yultu', Tac. * Fie 
to valta : ' Cic ^w-^irovs Xiyovs^ .£schyl. : a made 
up speech. — Also we say to Im-poee npon, from 'pono': 
so that dunf' and Ooiircvw may be (like Mc^Aw^, &c.) 
from 3« only. (2) ' To afi&ct admiration, from ^dofuu^ 
^ufuUf to wonder:' Dun. So e^irw, to admire. 

e^pa^j the breast : — breast-work : — breast-plate. 
— As Ap^o), Apc6ira{, so edfw, e<&pai» From the 
pulsations and vibrations of the heart, or breast, which 
is much, the same. Pliny says : ' Pedut pasccirdiU et 
vHaUbut natura circumdedit.' And Pectus is con- 
stantly taken for * cor et animus* (Fore.) So Mrt i * k 
corde dopovtnt* 

e<^paf, a drinking-cup : BupfiaffUf |», to drink 
sheer wine, to be intoxicated. ' Reimer says it prop, 
means. To fortify oneself by, as sailors say, To acquire 
Dutch courage:* Dnn. 'A cup, by which, as by a 
3flipa{ breasUplate, one drinker was armed against 
another': Steph,, quoting Aristoph. Ach. 1135, 6. 

eiiSj ^uhSf a jacka! or lynx.— <Prob. from i^w, 
d«5, to ran, dwhs, quick:* Dnn. As Pliny: ' ThoeSf 
lupomm genus velox saltu.' (2) R. ^(kraw, 

%d»afft», to feast jovially : in Boivrt, (2) Contr. 
from Botfrttaav in e6pa^ 2. 

e»tf<r<r«, to shout out, yell, bark, buzz. — *I.e. to 
set dogs on 3«af wolves:' Bp. Blomf. (2) R. hohs, 
sharp : To speak to in a sharp tone. Thus Homer has 
'0|€o fC€ic\^oKrcf , Crjring oat sharply. 

Oc^ : in dcvirc^. 


*IA, a sound, voice, cry. — As *I^ a javelin, from 
f 1(0, f Iw, to send, send forth, so 'U also. Hom. : "OHA 
/leydKfiv ^K ffr^tos 'IE! : 'lElSAI ''OIIA K(UA(/ioy. 
£schyl : "lETE d{wep6oy ATAAN, KaKo^fi4KtT0v 'IAN 
IIEMYa. Even in Herod. : Bdp€apoy y\&aaa» 
*IENTE2. Livy : ' Si vocem supplicem mUtere licet.' 
Hor.: * Nescit roaj mtwo reverti.' (2) R. fta, to go 
out T^ <rhv ^n}fi' ION: Soph. 

"Ia, one.— 'For fiia:* Dnn. As rata, Ala, 

*ldiu, to imitate the *ldSas lonians. 

*lai€oi: in At^oH 

*Ia(y», to heat, melt, warm, soften, cherish, cheer : 
and for 'liofuu, to heal. — Allied (like 'I(iXA», 'Idxrw, 
*ldofiai,) to *l€», "Iriiju, *£(£», 'Ay-iij/xi, (in form as 
X^AINn,)mitto, re-mitto, to let go, loose, relax. Thus 
Forcell. explains ' Ceris re-missia^ by ' solutis, moUltis, 
liqnefactis.' Virgil: * Eademque calor Hqu^acta 
remUtU: (2) For Aio^i^oi: or XXtoivw. As Ala, 

"ittKxoj, Bacchus. — R. tax^, vociferation. 

'Id£\c/Mf, 'I^X-, a wail, lament: adj. miserable. — 
<Prob. from 1^, mS:' Ldd. Much as kvSAAIMOS. 
So from *\)i is 'Ii}tos, plaintive. (2) R. i&, a cry. (3) 
R. iiKKw^ 2aXw, to send forth. 

'IciXAw, to send forth, throw, cast, assail. — *R 
Xillti : ' Dnn. I. e. from 'lev, f *I(j(m as 'EtU^, 'I<UAw .as 
Y(i», l/aXXM, 

"lo/i^os, an iambic foot ; iawhiG verses assaulting and 

defaming the character, whence 'crtrnwom iavfibii 
Hon, from Uxruf, XaSov, M as XxMS^jfw. 

'lofifmi, late form of EtafUyti, (2) R. fuiw, 

''lavBos, the same as "lov, a violet: Ewing from 
fov, HyBos, .See "loySos. 

*ldo}jLaif to heal, and 'lafvw, to warm, is so used, and 
' both of the same origin, as Bepw, and Btpavtiiu to 
apply warm fomentations ta See *laiyu, 

*lairKaraid^ : in 'AwirairaU. 

*ldirr6»f the same aS 'IciAAt^, and similarly formed. 
Compare Bdirrn, Aarrw. Al«>, to send oneself on, 
run, fly. 

'lawvl, vyosj the N.W. or W.N.W. — From lapygia 
in Italy. 

*I&5, iZos, Ionian, ^Iwvla. 

"lAlSnLS, the jasper stone.— *Hebr. jatpii' Mrt. 

*laTphs^ a physician : Idofuu, 

'larrarol, 'larraratc^, alas, woe to me I— Fanciful 
imitations like 'lainraTai^. 

'law, oA / ' cry of grief : like 'loD. Also, of joy, as 
'I(^. Also an exckm. in answer to a cal^ as HO:* 
Dnn. Imitative words. 

*Iavoi, much the same as *IaS. 

*Ia^, to sleep, pass the night : — give rest to. — 
* In some words [as 'ISufw] I is prefixed, as AiJw, 
'Ia^»:' Dnn. This I seems contr. from ''I^i, power- 
fully. Aijw compare with "Aco-o, *A»t4u, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



*Iax^, a cry, shout *ldx», to shout, resound. — 
*R. 2^, a voice, sound:' Dnn. 

'ledyrij "I^, the same as Bieti, as A*l€€»y EtStf. 

*l€vCu, *l€vKt»4wf to sound the BuK6yri, trampet 
See I in *la6», 

*'I78t;, a mortar. — The Etym. M. says, for MfySii, 
from niyvvfu, ^», M^T^^i to mix. As Mfo, "lo: 
AflSotf EX€w» 

*lyyva, lyvbs, the ham. — *R 7<Jw;:* Dnn. With I, 
as in *IatW, *l€v(u ; 1V6, lyi^v. Ti^l is used. 

"lAA, mount /d<i near Troy: — any wooded mountun 
or forest — timber. 

*lBcufuchsy ideal B. iS^o, flScaytK^f. 

'Idavbr, fair IBwf to see, ta ^Sov^f . 

'm/lSi/Epio for ^8^, and:' Dnn. PUto says the 
most ancient persons said *lfi^pa and *Efi4f>a for 'H^^pa. 
So the Cretans said *Iy for 'Ek, Lat tn.— Perhaps '184 
and '184 are 'Iv.84 and 'IvM, and to that (be added). 

'18^0, the outward look or appearance : — the kind or 
species represented by indiyidnal appearances, as Species 
from Specio: — the leading idea, — From 

ftBiwy video, €^801, ct8^«. 

"l8iof, special, as this firom Specio: Peculiar, indivi- 
dual, personal, one's own. — See *l94a, 

'I8ic6t77s, a private individual: — hence retired, in- 
experienced, ill-informed, ignorant — R ZSiot. 

"iSfiav, "iSpts, knowing, skilled. — B. ci8^w, €7801^, 

^iMofuUf to crook or double oneself up. — Dr. Jones 

* from iofiw by transp.' Better, diy6» to twist roand, 
•f^ydwj as Pi^l. I prefix, as in 'Iav», *lyv6a. And 
some say for 'Ii^i^^oftat, from Tycs^ ^ipdta to twist the 
nerves ; or lylop, 8iv(k», to twist the nape. — 'But, as A 
in Aifd^it for ^lv6onai from lv«s simply, as we say To 
foing a bird, To hark a tree. 

'iSoy, *l8p«l>9, sweat; — violent heat — *Akin to 
*T8os, "TJhcp from 0« :' Dnn. And ftw and fkt are the 
same, * e-mitto.' And f tw can be ' to ^0 forth.' Com- 
pare 'iKjuds. 

"iZpiSl lTL*'\ZlJUU¥, 

*l8f>u», to seat, settle, set firm, found, fix. — B. ti», 
IZov^ as*'£C«0,''E8ov,''E8pa, a seat 

'I8pc65 : in *l8of . 

'Wpotl, *Ipij|, a hawk, falcon. — ' Some from Upbi^ as 
its flight was observed spec, in divination:' Dnn. 

* Accipiter SACEB ales', Virg. So Od. 0. 524-8. 

'lepeirr, a priest — From 

*Up65, consecrated, sacred. — B. liu, (like ^^EPOS,) 
as *Ay-ie», 'A^tc'w, to let go, set at liberty, like "A^- 
•-crds, set at liberty. Animals consecrated to deities 
received some peculiar mark, and were suffered to wander 
at large. So "Ay-eros and *Ay'€ifi4vos, * Aut aris 
servare eacros:* Virg. (a) * Hebr. tro, to fear or 
reverence:' Dr. Jones. 

*l€v, * ironical exclam., tchew! Lat hui /' Ldd. 

'I6«,*lij/ii: SeefEw. 

*IC«, 'iC<^i to seat, settle.— B. fb»y to set down, as 

'Ih^ * an exchim. of joy, as Lat., To triumphe. And 
of grief, but rarely : ' Dnn. — * An imitative word : ' Lenn. 
(a) Blorof. supposes these are Egyptian words bont>wed 
with their theology by the Greeks. ? 

'l-ffiosy wailing, mournful ; from /^, exclam. of grief. 
Or e%*en R lii Ion. of lit, a sound or cry. 

*lj^io5, epith. of Apollo: * invoked with the 07 *I^ 
UatitVf [lo Piean !], not from Idofuu, as The healer:* 
Ldd. Yet Ovid says of him : * Opiferque per orbem 
Dicor.' (a) R Iwy to shoot. 'I^ lii nflu^i',"lEI /3«Aos, 

flilfu, to go : fb»t f ^fl», cT^ 

*^lilfu, to send: R 1^, as fTia^, frl0nfju. See f E«. 
And *Icficu, to send my mind to an object, to desire. 

"IBfMy a pace, step. — ^R flW, 19riy, cTfu, to go. Comp. 

"IBpiSj a eunuch. — Steph. from U, strength, dpi(v, 
to cut : Whose power is cut off. Lat ex-sectus. — Or 
the I a prefix, as in *lyy{Kt, ^ISifu. Eurip. kr4&BfX€y, 

*l0vtfw, to make straight or direct : to direct — 

'I0i»f, straight, straightly: See in ElBap. 

'lObSf impulse, purpose. «- For lObs, from fllv, flOritf, 
I4wy to send on. See "ISfuu 

'iKoufhs, from U&yu, bcewci, or from Uw, (as o-^eSA- 
N02,) venio, to come, as we say, Be-ooming, Come-ly, 
Con-venient from Venio, i.e. agreeable to one's wants, as 
^ Give me food con-venient for me', i.e. enough : So we 
speak of the con-veniences of life. Thus a fitting time 
is 'iKVo^/JLtvoVj a suitable time or hour *Iici^ov/AcVa. 
' Beaching to what is desired : ' Ormst * Coming without 
impediments, prepared:' Damm. Better, Coming up to 
the mark. 

"iKfXoSf like, clkcAof. 

'iK^ijj, suppliant — R Tk», to come up to a person 
i. e. to beg, like 'Iirr^p, *A^4KTa>p, 'Ifcenjs ikvov/mIj 
Soph. 'I/cdvoficu, I come, says Soph., to your knees. 

*lKfih, vapor, mobture. — R Tkw, tKfuUj (whence 
"iKfxeuoSy ): As coming forth, oozing out of the body or 
ground. 'Ik^^ fSri, Hom., went out: and Kplami 
oifpaifhv^lKEN. — * Ab going through the body:' Greg. 

"iKfifuoSf a favorable (breeze), i.e. JK^/ucvos, Tx/jL^yos^ 
(as "Opficvos.) coming after a ship, as Sequnndus, Se- 
cundus. (a) ' R utfJiiiSy moisture. The old Gramma- 
rians unanimously prefer this, citing Homer, "Av^fiot 
'TPPON iL4vT€S, mild moist breezes, opp. to dry stormy 
winds:' Dnn. 

*lRv4otuuy the same as "Ikw. Also to supplicate, as in 
*lK4rTis, As 

"iKpiOy 'the partial decks: — cross-timbers of the 
decks : — platform, scaffold,' Ldd. : senses all agreeing 
with the idea of a passage, pathway, from Xkw, The 
tennin. as ^^c^^tPIA, r^p^IA, 8p0PIA. See "Iirrap, 
"iKficvos. Also, ' the roofs of the women's apartments : 
some interpret a beam, a pile, stake, cross, &c. placed 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



upright: — a tower, Strab.:* Dnn. Here the Etymol. 
M. explains it 5iA rh "HKEIN [rather *IKEIN] eis 
ft/^os, from their rising in the air: Hesych. says, ri 
'OP0A It^Ao. Thus Bcofihs is * an elevation or raised 
spot, from t/3oa, fiaivu' (Dnn.). And see eptaafids. 

"iKTc^y near, close: — near in time, quickly. — R. 
&», Tktou, to come to, or come together. . ' Prop, said 
of weapons aimed at a mark:' Dnn. In the sense of 
'quickly' compare ElBapy 'I^Jrj, from fl«, ffw to go 
on, straightly. 

'Iicrepoj, the jaundice: — *a yellow bird, from the 
color:' Dnn. — R. V«a, ticrai, (as "Iicrti', "I/crof),) ' to 
fall upon, attack, as old age, death or fate:' (Dnn.), 
whence Lat. icOf to strike. So here this disease, much 
as the Epilepsy from 'Erf-A/yi^ty. (Z) * Subito ad- 
veniens ', says Lenn., from iicrap. 
*lKTi5e»7, a weasel's skin. — K t/crb, iios in 
"iKTiVf 'I/cTiwy, the kite. *1kt7vos, a kind of wolf. 
'I/crls, a weasel or ferret. — All from Ticw, Fictoi, to 
come down upon, attack, — or (like "Inysf from !&>,) 
adventurous, audacious. See in "licrepos, 
"iKa^ to go or come : in''H«c<v. 
"IXaoSj^Wfus, soothed, made propitious, kindly ; — 
cheerful. * Allied [like "lAAw and 'E\<J«, to roll,] to 
"EAeos, commotion, pity:' Lenn. See "EAeos. So 
'lAdofuUj to soothe, appease, — atone for. (2) Hebr. 
helj to shine: Having the face bright 
'lAcbs, *IAvbs, the same as EtA€($s. 
"ViTlj the same as ElfAi;. 

"lAtyf , a whirlpool : ""iXiyyoSj dizziness ; the coil of a 
serpent. — R. fAA<v. 

*IAAAs, coiled or twisted string or osier: !X\«. — And 
a gregarious kind of thrush, allied to "lAt;, a company. 

'lAXor, the eye, from its rolling about:— also, goggle- 
eyed : *IA\/fw, to wink. — From 
"lAAw, to roll, twist, fold : in EIX«. 
'IAJ>s, <Joy, mud, slime. — * Prob. from c£\vw, Ta\« :' 
Ldd. As Lat. volutSbrum, in which animals ' volvunt 
se', roll or wallow. — Or ciAvw, to envelope. Pdimn 
Kol Koylfiffty *E« K€(paAvis "EIATT* is vS^as : Horn. 
"IfiOj *lfjLoylat a well-rope. And 
'Ifiiis, dyrosy a rope, thong, cord. — Schneid. makes 
it prim., like^I/m, a well-rope, from "ffw, ?/iot, 7»;jui, to 
send down, let fall. Or a thong or whip by which we 
send on : for it means also 'the thong or lash of a whip' 

*lfjuiriov, a garment. — Like Ef/ta, cifioeros, from 

'Ifiduj to pull up with an 7/ia rope : — ■ draw up by 

*lfi€lp(o, to desire. *I/*epoy, desire. — Allied to*If juai, 
to desire, in "IrifU. 

*IN,*IN, to him, to himself: MIN, NIN, him. 'If 
and ^Of' may seem allied. Some make a nominative "L 
— Allied to our JBT/AT, ancient Lat. IM aoc. of IS, 
The Celtic NYN is * our, your, their.' 

"lyof in the way or place or time that ;— to the end 

that, in order that : — in or to the place that, where. — 
As iytavA is found as well as tytb, 4yi)v, so tvA as iy 
above : To that point, time, end, &c. Thus fiiy is 
' him, it\ &e. 

'lyddWofMUj to appear like, seem. — For *lBdXXofMt, 
(as aSSayu,) allied to EXBofiai^ to be like. I, as 
"hceXos and EUfKos, 

'IN AIKON, /nekton pepper : — dark-blue dye, indigo. 

*Iy^«, *Iv<itt>, to make empty, void. — As "Hdta, to 
strain through, from few, to send through, so f^w, 
fiV^w or iydw, like''A7«, *Ayiy4tg; "Hkw* licyew, 'licvco- 
fMi. (a) * The oriental in, not:' Mrt. Le. to an-nul, 

*Ij'(o»', the h€s sinews between the occiput and back, 
the nape. 

'Iws, a son, daughter. — R. U lyhs, strength, as 
Virgil : ' Naie, meae vires, mea magna potentia* Or 
is, the muscle, fibre. Dr. Jones adds * vein, blood.' 

*Iwos,*Twos, riyyosy T7yos, Ttybs^ the foal of a mule 
and a mare: — a dwarfed horse or mule, jennet.— 
Allied to 'Ivis, a son. "Ti'i'os is allied by Greg, to 
Tt6i, T a prefix, as in FoiyoSy &c (2) R. yiyofuu, 
to be bom. 

*U, * prob. a form ofljjf:* Dnn. and Ldd. 

"l^oAos, bounding, wanton. — R. XkUj f|«, to go for- 
ward. So^Ittjs firom "fTw, clfxt is bold, miventurous, 
and A!{ from af(r<r», {w. (2) R. i^bs^ lumbus, sedes 
cupidinis. * Ctim carmina lambum Intrant': Pers. 

*I|fa, 'I^bs, the same as, and perh. contracted from 
Kp«|iy, 'which is Dor. for Kpurahs^ Kipa6s:* Ldd. 
Thus Damm brings Ebph^ from IIAcvpd^. 

'I(e<^(tf, to catch birds with 

*I^5s, birdlime:— the misletoe producing it. — * Prob. 
from f<rx«, ^X" •' I^n. ' From lx«, ^«> ^X*^/**** to hold 
to:' Lenn. From its glutinous nature. 

*If Jry, the waist, loins. — * Prob. akin to *l(rx^f, 
['Ixo'i's,] strength, like 'I<rxtoy. Cic r Latera et 
vires:' Ldd. and Dnn. Vice versd, i'&hsj ftE^s, 

"lovdos, the root of the hair: a pustule on the face at 
puberty. — 'Akin to iivBica.?* lAd. * Prob. from iy- 
04u:* Dnn. ' From &y6os:* Mrt * From toy, a violet, 
h/64w: as dark-colored ' s Dr. Jones. As ^purpurecs 
genae', Ov. See "layBos, — Or R. Xoy only. 

'Ihsj a dart, arrow; — from i«, to shoot, as *lhy €ij#cc, 
Hom. Others from flw, to go forward. — Also poison, 
'from Irifu: as ejected from the fangs of serpents:' 
Pkh. And rust of copper, as poisonous. — Honey, ' as 
emitted from the bee:' Dnn. 

"ios, "la, "loi', one: but the ma«c*is found in the 
dative only, ty. — Properly, it seems, only the fern, 
should be used, as contr. from yAa : then itf was used 
from it. As the neut. pi. Btfrepo, (rh ercpOj) produced 
the sing. &drepos. (2) For Ohs. 

*I(Jti7S, impulse, inclination, will, design. — R. t7«, to 
send (one's thoughts to): t«/Ltai, to desire. As ^x''^ 
pOTHX (2) Schneid. from Ifs. ? 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 


la^, cry of woe : — and of joy. Like *I^, *Ii6.1 

"lovKoSf down on the cheek, from o3Aos, downy, I 
prefix as in 'la^. Also wool, as OdAot, woolly. And, 
like down, the male flower of plants. And a sheaf, as 
OiXos. So a hymn to Geres, who is hence called 

'I^, an exclamatimi of abhorrence: pronoonced pairh. 
poff. Imitative word. 

"Ijvn, » woodpecker. — B. tirrw, Tiroi', to injure (the 
tree). ' Called also *Iwva, nnrd : ' Ldd. 

'IvF^s, a fnmace, stove, kitchen, hearth. — B. inw, 
to blow, with I prefix as in *laico,*l€v(Uf''lovXos: From 
the bbut of the fire. Of the two bellows in the brazier's 
fomace, the oracle in Herod. sayst'Ei^ iiff/ioi IINEI- 
OT2I 8^0. (a) The Goth, au/n, Icel. q/h, oor oven. 

litvhSf a cloee-stool, night-chair. From hrQ, to press 
upon, i.e. press tight or close. Thus onr Prest is used 
for * u kind of case or frame for clothes and other uses:' 
(Dr. J.) And this too may lead the way to 'a hmtem', 
Le. * a close case or frame' for secnring a candle. 

'^Iwoif a pressing weight; — a fnlWs press ;-^ a 
roonse-trap as pressing npon and squeezing the moose. 
And *I«-^0, to press npon, weigh down, oppress. — *lfc6u 
from TxTw, 7«-oy, * prop, to press, oppress,' (Dnn.) Or, 
ifliTTw is taken in its common sense, to hnrt, ' Isedo', 
then as the comp. 'collldo,' 'illtda' (2) From obs. 
!«-<{», firUfj ini(wf to press hard, squeeze: with I prefix* 
as in 'ta6w. See Ilot/s, and Uwfia a lid. 

'Imrcaral. ''Pvnrcnral was an exdam. of lowers 
inciting each other. Here, as horses are rowing, it is 
jocosely *Iwiroiroi:' Brunck, Ar. Eq. 602. 

'Iinro-, great, as we say Horse-chestnut, Horse-radish, 

"Imros, a horse, mare.—- 1 give in to the deriv. from 
Xfrrafuu vovSj to fly with the feet, (as we say, The horse 
took to jUght :) ; or from It» tovs, to press firm the 
ground with the feet: for Ittovs as oucH-tovs: the 
Latins say Soni-P£S. By constant use 7ir.nOT:S 
would easily become firllO^St ^s d&bam contrary to 
amabam, and as in fact ' rpln02 poet, for rpiUOT^ : ' 
Dnn. — Parkh. says : * Either from the Hebrew, or from 
7frraa6ai woal* So Ewing. (2) Goth, hoppej a horse; 
Icel. hoppa, a mare : onr hobby. 

"ImafjLcUf to fly.—* R vh-ofuu, mrdfjuu, with I as in 
*la{w. (a) B. irfjTTw, ' to run, to fly, to soar,' (Dnn.) 

"lirrUf to afflict, hurt —For *ldirrw, to assail, dis- 
tress, (a) B. f ireTw, f iTTW, (whence ^iriw(ho»j irfirrw,) 
to fall (npon) : I prefix as in "Inrofuu. So Ico from 
'iKa, to come down upon. 

'Ipo^, "Iprjl : in *Upa^. So 'Ipbt for *Up6s, 

'Iptj, the rainbow: — halo: — iris of the eye: *the 
goddess Irist the messenger of the Gods; from ^ipco to 
announce, tell, according to the old gramm. and Damro:' 
Dnn. who says too that ^Ipis is ' the rainbow appearing 
as a sign or announcement U. A. 27 :' as also that "ipa 
is * an Ionic form for EXpeo* (Z) * Or Hebr. out, 
light:' Wr. 



*ls, Uflsf a sinew, tendon, fibre;-* strength.— As 
y\sj *?whs from ^; elf, Bahs finom t<^^> ri»tifu^ so 
*If, '1^6;, from tl«, tlfu : As going throogh the body, 
per-vading it. (a) ' Hebr. tsd^ vir' : Mrt. 

'ladXil, the same as *lidK% a goatskin. See ''l(aXos. 

"lo-ciov, temple of Isis. 

"Imi/u, to know. — B. ttSm, do-M, whence t«foTIM«, 
taiHu, as EficcAof, ''I«cAof:''EI<ro»,''l^or. So "Ufur, 
'IffKM. (a) Germ, witsm^ to know j weite, our vfise ; 
the Saxon, &c 

*la$fihSf a narrow pass, isthmus;— a pass. — For 
'IB/Jihs, (as iSxof,) allied to '10/xa. 

"laiKoVf 'hrlKioy, the Latin /fwtctian, firam In^teoo : a 

"laKttf to liken, ps EdrKw; — think like; •» think 
likely, conjecture, say as being likely. 

*I<r/ia, a seat — B. 7(«, ler/uu, 

"hros : in "Eio^oj. 

"lacUf * an exclam. of spiteful triumph over another's 
distress. From the sound, like Tirrrai' Ldd. Perh. 
from the sound urovC9\ HISS. (2) B. iSo'<rc, a de- 
feat, discomfiture. 

f I<rrd«, fEardu, jXrdu, to place, put, put firm 
or fiut, cause to stand up, raise*—- <to pl«ee in a 
balance, poise, weigh', (Dnn.) Neut and midd. to 
stand. — From hrrtu and Urvu, pass, of flw and fU», 
trifiiy 'to put, place:' (Ldd.) 

*l(rria^ Ionic of 'Eorto. 

*l(rrlov, a sail: *fipom tarrSs: any web, doth or sheet': 
Ldd. Or B. furrfi: As fixed to the mast So 

'lo-rbs, a mast ; from f /<rT», to make to stand up. 
'liprhy vrhcwro^ Hom. — Also, beam of the loom 
which stood upright : the warp which ytw& fixed to the 
beam, — and the web: so ISt^/uvk, and 5tome». Also, 
the shin-bone, long like a mast 

'lo-Topto, acquired knowledge, histoiy. — From 

"larofp, "hrr^p Ion., op, knowing, skilled, — judge, 
umpire. —Allied to *Eir-/<rra/«u, to know. So^Io-tc is, 
ye know, "Io-otc. 

'I<rxaX€oy, 'Iffxvhs, dried up, thin, meagre. — *R. 
&rx»:' I^nn. * Held in, contracted:' Damm. Shrivelled. 

'lo-x^s, dried fig, as 'I<rxaA€o.— -AJso, an anchor, as 
detaining the ship : V<rx». 

*l<rxloy, the hip. — * Prob. from hrj(Ph strenglli : 
akin to *l^is:* Ldd. and Dnn. On 1 Kings 12. 10 
Poole says ' His loms in which is the principal seat of 


'Icrxw, strength. — B. fo-x*, to l»oW, as *Exypi>5, 
firm, from lx«' (*) *Hebr. aechaech, to be strong :' Mrt. 

'lo-XWi to hold, hold in, check, stop. ->^B. %x^y much 
as "£»», *Einrw; and "Eo'xo*'. 

"Iirwj, perhaps. — B. fo-os, like, likely. 

IroA^r, a bull-calf. And 

'iTo^i^j, "Inis, venturous, bold, impetuous. — R ftw, 
frcu, ctfu : Going anywhere and everywhere. So 'Irb;, 
which can be gone through. 

•iTca, a willow: —wicker-Bhield.— As above: 'From 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



the rapiditj of the growth of the willow:' Dnn., ]^Irt., 
and Ewing. (2) Ldd. allies *Ir€a, the shield, to^Irvs. 

"iTTjy: in 'Ito^s. 

ITPIAj ttVj cakes made of sesamd and honey. Q. ? — 
Wright makes it also 'the lower part of Uie belly', 
which seems to point to ^Hrpoi^. 
" "Itw, edge or rim, as of a wheel or shield. — For 
"Afi^t'iTuSf ambitust formed as "Irtir. TltplSpofiov 
K&ros M, Theb, 491. 

"11)7^, the wry-neek, famoos for its shrill sonnd: 
And, as it was mach nsed in magical love-rites, so 
a charm or love-wheel. — From 

*ii)f«, * to cry out, shout; — to howl, shriek, yell : 
from an interject, sound like*I^, lo&, *!«&:* Ldd. 

*lvKT^Sf a piper : i0f«, tt)jcrflu. 

"ItftOifioSj strong. — B. 'I^<. 9 as in x^^V'UiX^s, and 
T in fiT6\cfws. 

^I^t, strongly : i.e. with strength, from U, iyhs, then 
f Iw^t, as Biii^u 

"l^ftvoVy some pot-herb.— As *la6u, I prefix to ^t/oy, 
springing up, as Olos from Oleo, to grow. So StP^pa 

*lX^Sy a fish.— B. tfx«> ^X^^f ^^X^> *X»/*«* : F^m 
its viscous, glutinous nature. Compare 'I|bs, birdlime. 

(a) 'B. tiai, ix^vi From its swift motion:' Pkh. 

'IXV6^/uwi/, the Egyptian rat, famous for tracing out 
the eggs of ci-ocodiles. — From 

"IXi'oy, a footstep. — B. Ik«, Fxo: Made by going 
forward, as Ba0/ibs, "IByM. 

*lX^p» the blood of the Gods.—* B. ticw, Txa : Coming 
or oozing out, so as to mean any liquor :' Bp. Burgess. 

*I^, tirbs, as &p\^y Qprnhsj a vine-fretter. — B. ftrrw, 
fifw, to hurt. 

'Ifiij, sound of grief, and of joy. As 'I^, *loi, 

*Iftr)^, shelter from blasts. — According to Kvfuenffy^ 
from K^fuirbi and &7i^, *l(icry^ is from M0^ and &7^ : 
A breaking of the sound (of the wind). 

*I«0^, ' from icb, U& : any loud sound :' Ldd. 

'ItfK^, the battle iat^ din. (2) For Afwic^, from 
9u&Ku, As raised at the pursuit of an enemy. Much 
as Tcua, Ala, See *lo9XfJt6s, 

'lotpbs^ the same as Olpos, f^Apos. I. as *laica, 

*Ic0Ta, a jot : from I the smallest letter. The name 
of the letter, like most others, is Hebrew, Arabic or 
Phenician : Jod or Yod, 

*luxfJ^Sj pursuit : for Aiuxf^s from Sm6kw. As 
perhaps 'Ivir^. 


KdSaiaroSy gluttonous. — 'From KaSos:* Ldd. and 
Don. (2) B. KtdrTO), to gulp down. B as in iKdKvBov. 

KaJSd^XriSf cabaUuSf a nag, hackuey. — As the verb 
KaircTov for Kareircrov, so Ko^oAAijs for xara^dAAT^s, 
from fidWw : On which baggage is thrown : * Ab t»- 
jidencUs oneribus', Becm. Called Dossuarii (Doreuarii,) 
and Clitellarii. (2) * Buss. kobUa, a mare :' Wbst 

KABEIPOI, gods worshipped in Lemnos, Samothrace, 
&c. — Scaliger from Phoenic. habtr, powerful 

KdSn^, form of Ko<}7?4, KdFn^, 

KABOIS, a oom-measure. — ' Prob. the Hebr. hah, — 
if not a variety of KaSos :' Dnn. (2) Allied to Lat. 
cavus, through x<=^«. X^^^i x^f^^ See KdSii}^, 

KdyKovoty fit for burning, dry. — Bedupl. from ^Kdvos 
from f Kaw, Koio), to bum. * So Aavhs from Baiv : ' Dnn. 

Kayxdiuj Kax^C<Y, Kayxa^da, to laugh loud. — 
* From the radical forms fy^^i ^X^^t whence Tcdu, 
XaipWf Xaiva [to open the mouth wide,] : ' Dnn. (2) 
Lenn. from the sound, as our Cackle^ Giggle, 

Kdyxpvs : in Yidxp^s, 

Kd^os, a cask, urn, vote-box. — * B. xo»'5o»'«, [^X«- 
8oi/,] :' Dnn. As holding, containing. So KeKoS^y^ &c. 
(2) 'Hebr. cad, waterpot :' Dahler. 

^KdiofMU, KfKOfffioUy KiKoSfuu Dor., 'to overcome, 
surpass, excel, to be eminent or distinguished or adorned 
with:— to be capable of. — Matthias and others con- 
sider Kji(u like Xd(u To compel to make way : Others 

consider it as Kalyvfiaiy (the same as K&(ofMty) which 
perh. from Kalvu to slay, i.e. to overpower, beat down :' 
Dnn. (2) Allied to Vaiwy to exult in or be proud of, or 
TdyoSy brilliancy, brightness. (3) KfKcurfiai, allied to 
KSa-fws. (ft) Heim. aUies iceicaSjuai, &c. to K^dos : 
To bestow care upon. 

KoBaipUf to purge, cleanse. — Buttm., Lenn., Pkh. 
from icar^, a2p«, or cup4uf to take Karh downwards. 
See on 0€up6s, (2) ' Hebr. katavj to fumigate :* Mrt. 

KadciphSf pure. «• Above. 

Kal, and, also, even (as Et in Latin,) even though, 
although. — Allied to Kalu, Kelot^ Ked^u, (and see Kai- 
vcv,) to sever, split : Splitting a sentence into sundry 
particulars, distributing an action between two or more. 
(2) ' Hebr. coh, so, as Eng. al-so :' Mrt. (3) ' Sanskr. 
ka at the end of words :' Dr. Jones. 

Koud^aSy KedSas, a gulf in the earth, or underground 
cavern for criminals. — Allied to Katap, a cavity, Xaof, 
XoIpw, XdiTfiO, K€dC<6. See the next word. (2) ' The 
Pers. kade :' Dahl. 

Kcuerdets, ' epith. of Sparta, as abounding in hollows, 
and so akin to Kauzp, a cavity [in KaidSaSy'] : Others 
from KAETO:S said to be the same as KaXdfupdos, 
calammthy found on the Eurotas :' Dnn. 

Kai/c/as, N.E. wind. — 'As blowing from some rivet 
Ccacw:' Blomf.: 'From Caictw, a river of Mysia:' 
Mrt. (2) Lenn. from Koiu^ to bum, i.e. to nip, as 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Lat. fsro, * Uri se in mootibiis patinntor :* Gic K^ 
Kovira, prop. ic4iccuKa, 

KfluySs, new. — Allied to Kd(oneu*to be adorned or 
decorated with', (Dnn.) KoAbs, fair, beantiful, Tdyos, 
brightness, splendor. Compare the oonun. ' to take the 
ahme oat of an7thing\ 

Kcdwfiat : in K^ofuu. 

KadyWf to slaj. — Allied to Xadw, i.e. to make a 
X^/M opening <»: hollow • and to Sx^C^ to cnt open. 
(2) ' B. t«c««, Kti», ictdCwf to cleave, cut : Or B. f kcm, 
Kfifioif to make to lie down, throw down prostrate :* Mrt 
So Xalpw, BedyUf *alyw, Maliw, OiSoivw. 
. Kaipios, critical, vital, &tal : from 

KatpbSf the nick of time, extreme point, fit proper time, 
opportunity, occasion ; — due measure or proportion. — 

* Perh. allied to Kipa, as we say, The head and front, the 
chief thing :' Ldd. We say, The tip or top of expectation. 
So *AKjuJ^, the highest point, is the critical moment 

Koijpos, ' the TOW of slips or thrums in the loom to 
which the threads of the warp are attached, Lat. licia : ' 
Ldd., ' the woof crossiog the warp :* Dnn. — Mrt. from 

* KflpUf ixapoVf tondeo, abscindo : whence the Lat. car' 
men textorium'. Thus Scalig. and ForcelL derive the 
verb Can'o from Ktipte, i.e. to break or card wool for 
spinning. (2) Lenn. from 'Rxup6s: as the 8vm and 
substance of weaving. (3) Allied to Kipaios^ *Eirt- 
'Kdpaios, oblique, Le side-ways, croM-wise. 

Kai0, Ka6<ro9f ica^o'o/iax, to burn. — Allied to Kcfw, 
which means, just as Aeda^ to Divide and to Bum : 

* Fire most powerfully separates and resolves things : ' 
Damm. * Dividit ignibus :* Hor, (2) Mrt.:'Hebr. 
kavahf to bum.' Wr. makes it ibooee. 

KaKi(o0, to reproach as KaK6v, 

KoKKd/Srif pot or pan. — ' Bedupl. for ficcC^ij (as Kdj' 
;^ovos,) from KdSos :' Becm. ^ 

KoKKdirif a partridge. — Nearly all say, from the sound. 
In Norfolk cobbach or comback is said of the guinea-fowl. 

* In the Sanskrit Kukubha of the pheasant : ' Wilson. 

KoKKdofy KoKKUj cacOj as also the Engl. word. * From 
the sound of infants wishing so to do :' Lenn. — If not 
from x^f«» «6X€Ka. 

KoKKflovTfSf wishing to sleep: i.e. xar-Kc/oi'Tcs, 
from KfUa, so used, allied to Kelficu, 

Kaxhs, cowardly, dastard, timid,— then (as conv. of 
*ApelwVf *Apen7, Virtus, &c.) vile, bad, wretched, &c. — 

* B. X^C^i ['c«X"**»] ^ &i^® ^*y ^^ battle :* Pkh. * For 
X<uciis :' Greg. And so KcKaSoyro. (2) Allied to fic/o), 
Keifiou : Lying idle, uiactive. 

KAktoSj the cactus.— Contr. by use from f&Koicros, 
i.e. cucaxM'ivos, from iLKd(a, to sharpen, point. (2) 
Allied to Kca^w, Keipw, Kfvreot, See kAIwj kAIvu. 
(3) ' B. Koiu. Urit sen pungit :' Greg. 

KAAABIIS, a Laconian dance : and KaAa§^$fa, a fes- 
tival celebrated therewith in honor of Diana. — Q. ? 

KaXdjSpa^y the same as KoKavpo^. 

KdKaOoSf a basket. — As made of koKoVj wood. Like 
i|/d/iA0O2. KO) as in KoMd, 

KAAAIS, a precious stone paler than sapphire. — Q.? 

KoAo/ulf, as Kd^ofAos, a reed, stick, pen, * curling- 
iron, hollow and shaped like a reed : hair-pin :' X.dd. 

KaXa/uTis, a grasshopper, as living among the KoXd- 
ftows oora-stalks. 

KoXoftof , a reed, pipe, pole, shaft, &c. — Like fyx^' 
M02, from icaXoy, *wood, espec dried wood', (Dnn,) 
Le. anythmg dried or parched : exactly as Kdp«pos frt>m 
Kdpipct, Compare KtiAc^s and Caleo. K&, as in KaXid. 
(2) Lenn. from f KdU, tx^) X^''^) ^ ^ hollow. 

KoXavpms, dross of silver. — ' In Dioscor. 5. 102, — 
perh. as concocted in Cakairia or Calabriay [B, as in 
ic^i}(,] for other sorts he calls from the coontries, 
Attic, Campanian, Sicilian :' Steph. 

KoAaDpotf', oTos, a shepherd's crook, sometimes thrown 
to drive back the cattle. — ^As *?6iraXav is 'a club thicker 
at one end, from ^^m', (Ldd.) KaXa{tpowos (gen.) may 
be from koXov wood (A short in KdXio,) and p4w» to 
incline, ^ov^ inclination downwards : or, with Swing, 
from icavA^f a handle, shaft, and ^iiru. In the latter 
the T changes its phuse, in the former it is added, as in 

IMTtVOi, &c. 

KoA^, to call.— Dnn. compares K^Ao/tcu, to call out 
to, K^\A«. So Kikkofuu. * I order you to come. As 
kxnos <rt ica\9iy He urges you to come to him :' Damm. 
As Latin Acdo, to call, from Cio. So Ainsw. explains 
Appello, ' ad me pdhJ (2) Wbst. notices onr call, 
Swed. kaOa, Welsh galio, (3) ' Chald. kal, the voice : ' 

K&\t^, a cabin, cot, bam, nest — All from jcoAof, 
wood, * notwithstanding the a :' Ldd. 
Ka\tvh4uj the same as Ku\t»94o9, 
Ka\i<rTp4uf the same as KaX4o9. As BoNrrpcv. 
KaAAoTa, a cock's gills. — * Prob. from their change- 
M hues, like the Kd\tus, shifting between blue and 
green:* Ldd. (2) As KdWta, so used: as being 
omaments, or ornamental appendages. B. iicaA<{s. 

KaWdivoSy purple. — Voss from the color of Ka\- 
Aoua, a cock's gills. (2) Others from the stone called 
KaAoir of a greenish blue. 

KoAoK, * wood, esp. dried wood for fuel. Prob., as 
AoA^s from 8a/», so KoAoy from Koiw.^ Dnn. *The 
combustible:' Ldd. (2) 'Hebr. kalaj he burnt:* Mrt. 
KoA^f, fine, beautiful, fair. — Allied to Kd^ofjuu, ' to 
be adorned or decorated,' (Dnn.) And to Tduos, bril- 
liancy, *Ayd\KUf to adom. (2) ' Hebr. and Chald. 
kalf to finish, adorn:' Mrt 

KAAIIH, the trot of a horse: — a mare. — Budsns 
allies it with gallop, 

KiiKini, KoAirls, * for KoAi^in}, a covering of skin, 
bucket, [a cinerary] um:' Ewing. See KoiAv|, KoA^arw. 
KaX^Srif abut — E. KoXvirrUy lKd\v€oy. 
KcCAi/I, a husk, shell, cup or calyx of a flower: ' Ko- 
\vKfSj women's ornaments, perh. ear-rings shaped lib 
a flower-cup or bud,' Ldd. : Mike a rose-bud', Dnn.— 
Allied to 

KaAi^TTTw, to cover, hide, &c. — In form asKopi^v. 

Digitized by LjOOQ l.C 



As KaXuirr^f is * wrapped or folded round a thing/ 
(Ldd.) KoXuxTw may be from koXus or kAXos a rope: 
i. e. to put a rope round, wrap round with a rope, gen. 
'to cover with something rolled round', as Dr. J. ex- 
plains the second meaning of Wrap. Somewhat as 
our verb To Cloak. And see spec, on K6fieos. (2) 
B. KaX6s. Like icaXXwu, to gloss or cover over a 
deformity, gen. to cover over. (8) As KdXus and 
XoAdftf seem allied, so KoXtJirro), i.e. to let fall any- 
thing upon another and shroud it. Compare Xd^u and 
KcKa$c6v. (ft) Hebr. kala, Chald. keh, he shut. 

KoAxa^»w> *to ni^J'^ purple, from ictiAx^s— to 
make dark and troublous like a stormy sea: — met. to 
turn over in one's mind, like Volvo, Voluto, to search 
out : — to be in doubt or trouble : ' Ldd. * 

KAAXH and XAAKH, the purple limpet J — dye; — 
herb of purple color. 'Akin to Lat. cochkai^ Ldd. 
Transp. from f KaxA>^) allied to Ki^x^''^* ^ shell-fish 
yieldmg a purple dye. A as 'Aarpcuehs and 'Oorpcuc^ j, 
ignArus and ignOro. And see the hist part of iUx^^l* 
Yet? (a) Steph. says: ' Kd\xn is not badly inter- 
preted purple, but I understand it of a fish, which 
Hesych. says is called also KAATKA.' Whence per- 
haps KAAXH. Well then from ^Ka\ii<r<ra>, (whence 
Ka\v|, vKoSf) to cover, conceal: said of a shell-fish. 
Ki\vi is a husk, shell. 

Kdhus, KiXos, a cable. — R. x^^i X°'^^i to let 
down or loose a rope. So nd^Mv Kor- clf ou, to let down a 
rope: Lat laxare rudentes. See specially XaXiy6s, K, 
as KeKaSwy ' a. 2. of Xd(ofMi\ (Dnn.) 

Kdfic^, ^ a prop for vines, handle of a spear, pole, 
palisade:' Dnn. — Contr. from f KaXa/ia| from ndKofios, 
* an angler's rod, an arrow:' (Dnn.). (2) Metaph, 
from KdfUfu, KOfiu : Labouring to support the vines. 
See a metaph, use of Kdfiva in "A-Kfuop. (S) R 7aw, 
f X<^> to take, hold, (as in Toar^p, Xa^w,) applying to 
the handle of the spear. Tbus^Ex^i 'Eyxos. Hesych. 
has a verb KafjLd(raoOf to shake, (ft) AJs KAMlvoSy a 
furnace, from Kdu, Kalw : * Pne-twto sudes'. 

Kofjuipc^ an arch, vaulted room, covered waggon, a 
bed witJi a tester. — Allied to KdfAirra^ to bend. 
Festus: * Catnara et camari boves a curvatione/ 
(2) ' B. ndfivUf KOfAW : As labouring under the weight :' 
Mrt. See Kd/ia^ 2. (3) R. ydu^ ytyafjuuj to hold, 
receive, x^C^t &c« 

KAMHAOIS, a camel. — ' Hebr. gemel:* Wr. 

Kctfucos, an oven, furnace, fire. — Nearly all from 
Koluj to bum. (2) Webst. notices Buss, and Germ. 
kamifif and affinities in Chald. and Arab. : — Pkh. the 
Hebr. KMH to be warm. 

KofJLfUw, for Kara-fiitu, 

KdfivUf KOjuw, to be weary and fatigued with labor, 
to toil, work out, to be weak from illness. — Ka/u», 
allied to Fc/iw, to be Uiden and overwhelmed, and to 
KdfjLm-cOf to bend down through weariness. Od. c. 453. 

KdfiTrroo: in TofifpSs, 

Kdfjolfa^ KcC^ro, capsa, a basket, coffer: — capsule. 

— * R. f K<{irw, Kdrffw, capio, [Kdwrto in Hesych., allied 
to Xofw, Xoi'54»'«, and Tdu,'] to contain. Or KdfjLirrWj 
^<o, [as Ko/iir«A.os, bent, curved,]:' Schneid. 

Kdvogos, • a piece of cane^ [reed, or rod,] round 
which a worker in wax or clay moulded his materials ; 

— a model ; — skeleton : hence Kavd/StyoSj meagre, 
puny. — B. Kclvya:' Dr. Jones and Dnn. Or B. 
Kdarti, As icoA.oBO:S. 

'KdifvSpov, the seat of a body of a ame^ or wicker- 
carriage, and the carriage. — B. Kdvji, 
. Kjxydatroif to make a sharp gurgling sound with 
water : Kokox^, KwoxV", to plash like water, to clash, 
ring. — 'Imitative of the sound:' Dnn. (2) *B. 
Kdjni: from the rustling sound of reedt shaken by the 
wind:* Dr. Jones. (3) Mrt firom K(y6s : As sound- 
ing hollow. 

Kdpwrrpov, a cane- or wicker-basket, oanutrum, — 
R. Kdirn. 

KANAATA05, KANATA02, a Lydian dish.— 
Jablonski says in honor of Candaules, As our Sand- 

KANAT2, a Medish upper-garment with sleeves, 
and a Medish word. 

Hxufiov^ Ki£i^y, a basket ; — cane-mat — B. icc&o;. 
(2) Our can, and Germ., Dutch, Com., &c., referred 
by Wbst to Welsh camnUy to contain. 

K<in7, lUwa, a cane or reed, reed-mat, reed-fence. 
Allied to K€v^, empty, void: Xalrw, Xoyw, to be hol- 
low ; Xcifiw, Xoj/Wi/w, to contain. In form compare 
7€'NNA. (2) * Hebr., Chald-, Syr., Amb. haneh : found 
also in the Armoric, Welsh, &c. :' Wbst. See Kavdou. 

KdpBapos, a drinking-cup ;— a small canoe. Formed 
as KomBSs : or Xavw to be hollow : XavBdvw to con- 
tain. Dnn. says *prob. firom the shape of the beetle 
called KdpOapos,' Just as well however may be the 
converse. — Also « a mark or knot like a beetle, on the 
tongue of the god Apis:* Ldd. — And 'a woman's 
ornament, prob. a gem like the scarabaei (beetles) so 
common among the ancient Egyptians:' Ldd. 

Koi'^^Aioi', pack-saddle for a KavBtlnf, 

KavBhs, orb of the eye, and the comer: — felly of a 
wheel. — For Kativrhs, says Becman: Bent, curved. 
Better, UdtupOnv, KOfup&bs, (as "Ax^oy,) ko^^j, 
KaifB65, (2) Formed like KdvBapos. Allied to Kwos, 

ISxufBuiv^ a krge sumpter-ass ; — stupid fellow. — As 
carrying ^({yea, baskets. See iJuixeCM, (2) B. 
KdfjufUj KUfMj to toil and labor. For "fKdfiBuv. 

Kdpva : in KeCn/. 

. Kdmfoeis, hemp, flaz, tow. — Ldd., Mrt, and Steph. 
from Kdpva; Wbst 'from the root of Kdvva, cane.* 
(2) Irish, canaib* 

KayiifVj a rod like a Kayr;, rule, measure, plummet, 
handle of a spear, distaff: — rale of action, canon. 

KoTfiJi'ij, a Thessalian carriage. — B. Kdirru in 
Hesych. and Etym. M., to take, contain, cqpto, from 
f K(M», ix^i X""^^^- 
. Kdxerosy for SKciireTor. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Kiffif, a wangpr, stall — B. leAwrmf to devour, a. 2. 
Ikasroy. B. icdirt^y Don. 

KdwiikoSf a salesman, retailer, bockster; — inn- 
keeper ; — adnlterator of goods. — Heeyeb. explains it, 
' one who boys t(As t^v icdknyy,' and rightly so, says 
Steph.: i.e. for the stall or crib, or, as Pkb. says, for 
fodder, food, Kainfr^y being fodder for cattle, and 
SchrereL says: ' KiCiny, the manger: the food whioh is 
pat in the manger.' Pkb. Inakes the first sense 'sell- 
ing victoals and drink, then making gain of anything, 
adolterating is vintners do.' — ^Dnn. says: 'R. prob. 
(ictfini,) KdoTTw*, KcfafTM is ' to eat np hastily, snap 
at, bolt:' so KdmiXos may be metaph. one who snatches 
up little gams, (a) 'Sax. ceap, bosiness, trade: 
Dutch hoop, a bargain, eheap, parchaiie; Germ. 
haufen, Swed. ikopo, Ross. kupayUj Lat 001910, Engl. 
che!^, chap-man:* Wbst— Note /34niA02. 

KairlBfij a measure of com. — From icdwrtt, says 
Dnn.: i.e. in the sense of capiOj to hold, — menticmed 
in Hesych. and Etym. M. See KavtUny. 

KawvhSf vapor, smoke. — R. ficc(v« 1. 

KAiniA, kappa. Hebr. eaph or hopk, 

KoiTfMUv, to be Instfol as a Kdrpos. So Sos, Subo. 

Kdnrpos, a wild-boar. — 'B. kcHtm, to breathe with a 
noise : or k^vtm, to devoor with a noise:' Damm. 

KcCvTM, to eat quick, swallow or golp down. -^ B. 
iKdarv, to snap, to bite. (2) B. Xaiiw, XevSdifto, 
XavShpf ' with the month open, vonunoosly:' (Dnn.) 

Kairi^s, * dried, parched: — ardent, met eloqnent 
(with 0T<$/ua,} as we say glovring: — dear-sounding, 
sonorous, some say witty. — The old Gramra. for Kar^ 
wvpor, but pref. with Schneid. finxn itdww, as A3os 
from &», iaiiu : ' Dnn. 

f Kair«#, f Koir^, f Ka^«», to breathe out hard, pant, 
gasp. — B.X'^tX^'^: * To open the month to take 
in air, take breath, breathe hard :' Damm. (2) Goth. 
hqfyan, Dutch hefeu, our heave. 

fKiir«, Kdnrru, to snap, bite. -— R. fx^i X""^* 
to open the month wide, as in XaMli6v; or tx^> 
XBOfidwUf nc^TTfio (Hesych.), oapio, to take. 

Khp, Kdpa, Kd^, the hc«d. — From its carved form, 
allied to Kc/xu , Kipvs, Xophs^ Kopon^s, TvpoSj &c. 
See KAfiTtat in yAfja^6s, (2) As shaved, from x^ipot, 
iicapov. Thus also 

K^, the hair of the head: see the last part of tiie 
last. 'Thus I esteem him iv Kxtfhs aSlarf but as a 
hair. Some say as a Ckirian mercenary: — or as 
death, from f ic^, ic^p, as in Homer, He hated him like 
Ktipi fitXaivp, But the A ought thus to be long :' 

Kdpayov, Kdfirp^ov, the head or top, as K^ Kd(p. 
Kdpwotj a prince. Kapc»6w, to bring to a head, finish. 

Kjd(>edyos, barbarian. — From lUp, a Carian; fidCu, 
to speak. Hesych. : Kapgd^ei, Kapuc&s Aa\ct koI fiap- 

Kop^^Tfyat, shoes of undressed leather. — 'Called 
from the Kap«r CarianSy says PoUuz. And possibly a 

word ifioTOffij a shoe, tnm f/Siv, M^atrm^ $aSmf as 
'Efu/Salr a shoe. 

fUfdrnfun^, the herb nose^mart, i. e. itapd-iafu^f ledpai, 
iofaiuff head-subduing. So Nastnrtiom is Nasi-tortium, 

KapHa, the heart, &c. ^ For icpoSfo, is Kdpros for 
Kpdfros. (2) R K4ap, (S) 'Datcfa hart, Sanskr. 
herda:' Wbst ' Hebr. Aersd; to palpiUte :' Wr. 

KdpSvroSf a kneading-troogh, bin. — Soft for itip- 
8o^t,i.e. aafrro-M^r, (See 'Affn^6pot,) from Kdpra, 
SSipat, Mo^ : In which things are worked powerfully 
with the hand. Much as ^^-^ycio, 'l^ttMurtro. 
(2) B. ictipot, K^apToi, Kiflhiw : as prim, a vessel for 
mmdnig things. (3) «B. iccpd», 8^:' Hrt Two 
verbs, as in Itlikcv^Au. ? 

K^piT) mipffi^w: the sameas Kip. 

Kopfn^ a CMm woman employed as a weeper at a 

Kdiplf, a riirimp, prawn. — Ewing from leipai i.e 
all-bead. Though the quantities differ. 

KapKoipw, to ring or quake. — Mrt and Lenn. from 
the sound, Kop Kop, like KopKopvyfi, (2) Ewing 
from Kdipx^»s : To make a haish noise. 

Kdpitapop : in Topyvpti. 

KapitUfoSf a cmb:^-'fiKHn likeness of shape to its 
claws, 1. a pan: of tongs, 2. a bone fonning part of the 
skull, 3. a kind of shoe, 4. a kind of bandage:* Ldd.— 
Allied to Kdpxopos. So Salmas. from its roughness. 

Kdpy^io, festival of Apollo Camgut. — * Perhaps from 
Camut the son of Jupiter and Europa : ' Hesych. 

Kdpvov, KApmt^, 'the Gallic trumpet, Lat^ ooifw': 
Ldd. Allied to KipaSy as ftEy«, mAneo. 

K^f, heaviness of the adpa head. 

Kaprada, a Thessalian mimic dance.-— Perhaps allied 
to Kapvd\tfws which seou The Latins said 'osf^pene 
gyrumJ (2) 'Prob. after gathering the Kapmtbs 
fruits:' Ewing. 

KapwdKtfAos, 'tearing, xapid, swift: from apvd(wi 
compare Lat oarpoi* Ldd. 'For apwdXifws:* Dnn., 
Mrt, Ewing, &c. And Hemsterh. allies it to earpo.. 
As Rapio, Rapidus. K prefix as peril, in Kavxdofuu 
and KcAcvffos, and as T in Tiifro far^Etno. Seo^Apiny. 

Kdpweura, sails made from KAPIIA202, the Spanish 

Kopirlr, the same as Kdp^r. 

Kapwhs, fruit. — ' Prob. allied to Kdp^: what is dry 
and ripe:' Ldd. 'As Frux, Fructus from ^piyto :* Dnn. 
(2) Beom. allies it to oarpo : Plucked fruit See in 
KapwdXjiMS. (S) ' Hebr. ffartgty he plucked :' Becm. 

Kapirhs, the wrist. Ewing says: 'The wrist or hand 
attached to the wrist as a iruit Kapwhs to its stem.' 
Observe the metaph. meaning of Coma, hair. (2) 
' Allied to Lat. carpo, to gather, grasp;' Dnn. See in 
KapwJiXifios. (3) Damm from nap^^ as above: 
' From its hardness and dryness.' 

Viafpiffio, for Kon'-piQa, to do down with the hand, 
stroke with the hand. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Kdf^Pj stronger.— As BaBbs, BdfftroWjW Kpwhs, 
'Kpdavcoyy KdpawVj Kdji^av, 

Kdpfftos : See 'Eiri-Kcipo-toi. . 

KipffiSy a sbeariDg. — R. Kc(p», KtKfiipffeu, 

KtipTo, strongly. — R. Kdfyros, 

KdpraKoSj -AAos, a small basket, narrow at the 
bottom. — * B. Kttfnis: Made of cut twigs :* Mrt. and 
Ewing. See Kdpais. — (Very rare.) 

IHijyroSt for Kpdros, 

KapvdriBeSf 'prop, the female inhabitants of Carym 
in Laconia : in Architectiue female figures as pillars :' 
Dnn. and Ldd. 

Kapvarl(o)f to play at Kofdeu nuts : which may be 
from Kctpa, as the nut is in form like the bead: though 
Ewing makes it from the hard shell. Carionsly from 
Testa, a shell, is the French T^te, the head. 

KAPTKH, a Lydian sance prepared with blood and 
other ingredients, a minced meat, (says Ewing,) : so 
perhaps from Keipw, IhcapoVf whence KipfM ' a minute 
portion cat from any thing', (Dnn.) : the ending like 
Lat. lactdCM, cadtiCJ ; so (ra/i§vKH, and aoc. K^pvKA, 

Kap^KOfOif blood-red, from the Kopvmi. 

Kdp<poSj a dry stick or twig, straw, chip, &&: the rod 
with which the Praetor enfranchised. — From 

Kdpipoij to dry up, parch, wither. — ^Allied to fx^^s, 
Kdpxapos 'rongb, prickly, esp. parched with thirst, 
Virgirs siti asper,' (Ldd.) — 4X1, as fic^A, o-re^A, and 
as na in fi4\IW,, boKUQ. Allied too to ^k^I^os, 
:&Kapi(pa, (2) 'Chald. and Hebr. charab, am dried 
up:' Mrt 

KdpxcipoSf Kapx^foif rough, sham, rugged, dry. — 
*Bedupl. from fX^pos, allied to Xapiffua^ to sharpen, 
grave:' Ldd. (2) Allied to Kipx^, make dry or rough. 
(S) ' Hebr. gar^ to cut with a saw:' Dr. Jones. 

KAPXH2ION, the mast head, main-top, — shrouds, 

— bandages; — stand or post of the crane : — drinking- 
cup ' shaped like the ancient round top or cross trees on 
a mast': Grore. — *Damm [and Mrt.] from ic^, the 
head, but V Dnn. Now Nonius says it is ' the highest 
part of the mast, in which axt foramina holes through 
which the ropes are passed.' Perh. then from tthp, and 
fX(i« ' to stand open', (Dnn.) 

KdpwriSf lethargy : K^pos, 

KcurdU.^, KcuT^poLy a harlot 'Allied to Kdaraa :' 

KA:SA2, * a cushion, housing, skin serving as saddle. 

— They derive from icao-o-^, [kcuti^,] xdaffvua : 
akins being prob. fii-st used to sit on on horseback : ' 
Dnn. ? (2) ' Heb. cfua^ to cover :' Dr. Jones. So 
pur word case Wbst takes for a bag of skin. 

KdfftSf brother or sister. — As Krjpv^ and P^pvr, so 
KAais and frd(ns from ^ydu^ yeU/ofioUf i.e. o^-Kcuris, 
as a^ovos, avyyeviis: co-gnatus : or as Genuinus 
from Gigno, Genui. Homer favors both: TpcZf 8i KA2I- 
-rNHTOr^, rods /mi fda PEINATO fA-frrnp, 

K&ffffa^ a harlot — Mrt from lodiopLcu, HtxaurffcUf 

Kiicaffraij as decorating or adorning hersdf. (2) R. 
fictCw, Kcdw, to bum i.e. with lust: wpowrBai 1 Cor. 7. 
9. (3) ' Perh. from Kdiras:' Dnn. 

KA25IA, cassia. — » The Hebr. ketzio ;' Wr. 

KaffffirepoSf tin, pewter. — *For KouMrirtpofj from 
Koiw, Kodaw: a sort of comparative : Easier for melting 
i.e. than brass or silver :' Danrni. (2) 'R. ica<r<rai 
from its meretricious appearance of silver :' Ewing. 

KA25rn, to stitch, sew together. «- For Kara-tr^, 
trim preserved in Lat sw>, to sem, Goth, svayan^ Dan. 
«^ier, Sax. ni^ion. — » Lenn. from 'a^w, (rc^cv, moveo; 
KoxtMfino^ moveo juztk, jungo, conjungo.' But those 
verbs express rapidity, t Q. soft from ^ho ' to work 
finely or delicately', (Ldd.)? 

KderraMoVj a chestnut, the nut of Castana in Thessaly 
or Pontus. 

KauTr6pfm^ a song at the horse or chariot races, 
called from Castor. So 

Jiarr opines , famous Spartan hounds, 'said to be first 
reared by Castor .*' Ldd. 

KcCoTwp, a beaver. — * R Kd(ofJUUf KdKaarai ; The 
adomer, as building its cell with an order and neatness 
observed by naturalists :' Lenn. 

Kaaotpis, as Kiirffa, Kouraipa. 

Karhy down, down against, down through, down in;— 
against^ through, by, by such a way, according to, in 
accordance with : or towards, agreeably to. — R. iclotrox, 
(jcdraiy) KUfAMf to be placed or lie down. See 
^KATA. (2) Ormston from K€d(u, kcotm : The 
motion in cleaving being dowward. (3) Dnnb. allies 
it, as * through', to * Goth, gata, Belg. gatte, Dan. gade^ 
our gcOCj a way, passage.' But Kc^ro; establishes the prim, 
meaning 'down.' Aristoph.: KAT-d^pvlep fie KATA 
T^s yris KATa (*) ' Hebr. cAcrf, subjection :' Wr. 

Kara-, back. As we go UP, and return DOWN. Or 
as we say, * It has been so all DOWN from the Conquest' 
— And ' thoroughly', as Kara is * through.' 

KaTflUTvl, a low helmet or skull-cap. — R. icara2, 
icarcb, "frb^ as in 'Ai«-tv|: A low wrought frame. 

Karcucuxil : in 'Avcucwx^* 

KaTcnr6\TT7s, a catapult, engine for throwing darts.— 
All from ir({AA», ir4ica\rai. As vnfiEprfif, 

KATHAIY, 1*05, ' the upper story of a house ; — a 
stair-case or ladder; — others say the roof. Though 
the form refers us to i^'} tiros, a shoe, this deriv. is 
hard to explain :' Ldd. ? And the ^ ? (2) As icaT' 
H(pi}5, fcarHSoA^, so Irom xarh, down, Acfirw, I^Ktrov : 
'Leaving the parts below.' But the ^ ? For the sound ? 

KaTi}4>^s, with downcast eyes. — Karik, down, <l>dri 
eyes, ^>dJas, So KaTH6o\4w, 

KarovX^s, dark (night).— R. elXw, ^o\a, fo?Aa, to 
shut up, envelope. So *E|-oi(Ai}s. 

Kava^, Kairn^j Kd€r)^, K^i}{, K^|, Kat^s, a sea-mew, 
from its sound cau, cau. 

KaiuKd, KavKlSf KavKdJuoVy certain cups : by some 
thought corrupt readings for BaviciAiov, &c. So Kamls^ 
a shoe, is now read Bavieis. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



KovA^s, a stalk, stem, shaok, spear-handle:— cab- 
boge-stalk. — Damm from koXov [or acUoy, see ac&Atd,] 
w(Mdy as the spear-haodle. (2) B. «a(w, «ai3<r«, to 
bnm : as Kdp^s from Kdp^. 

KavfUL^ -ffi9, heat : Koiu, Kvu&av, 

KATNAKH2, a Pernan far garment : written a]so 
ravyam}. WbsL compares om* goum. 

Kovvos, a lot — Allied to Kavita?UoSj dry, from aaiw, 
Ko^ffct, for ' the earliest substances used in casting lots 
were small <2ry branches :' Damm. (2) R. «c^, a reed, 
(S) Some saj from the Catmiant in Garia who much 
used them. 

Kavpos, bad, only * a dialectic variety of Koic^s :* Dnn. 
Perh. it is allied to XawoSt * soft, indolent, effeminate.* 
Hesych. has Kovror, bad. (Only once met with.) 

Kavcla, a broad-brimmed hat to keep off the Kca}ais 
of the snn. In Kavfta. 

Kovxao/icu, to boast. — * A kindred form of A^^, 
"Rixoiuu :' Dnn. K, prefix, as in KapraAiftoy, and as 
r in Toiifos for o7vos. (2) Better, as rednpL of tx<^i 
Xa^iw, X^^^^'f pafied np. 

Ko^^ : in Kovw. 

Ka^pT}, 'ZKap&fnij a fox. — For Kteror^pii (as Ka- 
'fidWnSf) from'fpwpdu to steal. — ^Alberti from tncdwrw^ 
ipwpdu : See YtiAa^elw. Better from <riccbrr», l<rica^ 
(only), to dig, Le. barrow. 

Kax<i(of : in Kayxd(w, 

KaxA^C^, KaxKotlyUf Ktx^C"^, to babble or spUurii 
as the waves. — Rednpl. ' from x^C^*: Ldd. and Dnn. 
(2) Some make it imitative, as onr Giggle. Accins : 
'Unda, ezcita saxis, crepitu clangente cachvmaij i.t. 

Kc^X^iff, a pebble, gravel, shingle on the shore or in 
rivers : i.e. against which the water icaxXi£^6i splashes. 
(a) R K\d»^ to break, by redupL (3) Allied to K6- 

KdxpvSj KdtyxpvSt parched barley. — From irdyicw, to 
parch, allied to ira/w, kUwko^ to barn. This word was 
also used for catkins and captuks. Will the learned 
Botanists explain this ? 

K<£^a : in Kdfio^a. 

Ko«, 'Attic for Kofw*, Dnn. 

K€, Key, giving a potential sense, like "Ay. — Danb. 
for ffcee, R. f k^w, Keifuu : Lay down, enp-pose. Or 
ficeciy, f/cety. . (2) ' AJdn to Fe :' Dnn. and Lenn. ?? 

K6ci8as : in Kou^Sas. 

Keci^, Kc(a», to split, sever, — beat. — R. ticew, Kcef- 
Sos, itc/fw, KevTcdo, MtrrdSf ^Koiu, Kouotp, f Xhc^^ X<^''^f 
X^^^f^fi^i 0'X<>C^ : To make an opening or hollow. 

K4ap, K^p, the heart— *R Koi»:*Mrt *As the 
fountain of vital heat :' Damm. Nearer from Keito = KolUf 
whence Kcidfievos, Ktiames, 

Ke6\iiy i.e. k€^A^, irc^oA^. As &/x^ct, amBa 

Kfyxphf a serpent, from its spots, as Lucan : * Cen- 
chris variatam pingitor alvum.' For KErXPO:S was 
millet, and so anything in small grains, spawn of fish, 
small beads, &c. 

Kr/xpAitara^ a beading round the rim of a shield.— 

K(8cEC»i K«8al«, t^jrcMaf, 2jc€&irri;/u, K;Sifi}Mi,2ic£S. 
nifu, ' to scatter, burst in pieces : R. iccci^a*, to cleave 
[sever,] :' Dnn. Thus : faw, icc(a», fireJiir, as /SdAYjy, 
Ar-cAifv, ^A«ip, and #r-j^AvAo9. Thiersch compares 
Sx^C^t ItrxtAor. (2) As jacio, to throw, and jacEo, 
to lie : so f a«» and actual : To throw about (3) Dor 
shedy Sax. teedoHj to pour out Mrt brings Ghald. 
tcheda to pour or dart out 

KeS/iaro, chronic a£fectioDs of the joints. — For id^ 
9/utTa, as kEZ»6s : R a^Sos, pain, iHfiat. So 

KcSr^f, careful, discreet :-^caared for, valued, dear. 
— R K^», care, '\K7fip6s, See on 'ESoy^s and abore. 

K^pos, cedar tree: — oQ of it: — anything made of 
it—' R K€dCat [Le. t«^, kcAitv as i9i(Ai|y ; See Ktiat,} 
as being easy to split, ev-a^os, as Homer calls it : — 
or the Hebr. KDR to smell, as odoriferous :' Dr. Jones. 
' R fircM, ifc£or, to bum : as from it is burnt a fiunons 
pitch or resin :' Greg. Hence KiiAtis is odorous. 

Kci9i, there: ^kcIVi. 

Kti/uu, K4ofuUj to lie down :— in fK^ 3. 

Kcift^Aiof , a treasure. — R Kti/tai : Aa lying by with 
care. ^ KtififiXta jrcirai, D. A. 131. 

KctKos : for 'EicciWos. 

Kttpla, * slip or roller of linen for swathing the dead : 
gen. deduced from a^p, death, [called also Kijplcs,] but, 
as Ktiptai are also slips of cloth, linen or fringe, rather 
R a«fp», to cut off:* Pkh. 'As Kdttrttf Kofifutra, 
[secmenta,] segmenta :' Fuller. 

Kc(p», to cut off, cut down, clip, diminish. — R jccim, 
Kcd^w, to sever. So f^^^, ♦tfc^; 'Ifulfw. (2) 
'Hebr. i»ree,tocut:*Wr. 

Kc(», to bum, Kaim. 

Keiw, to sever : in fK^, as Kfd(u, 

Ktitt : in KoKMlorrfs. 

KfKoiS^y, having bereaved.— R x^C^f lxo'<>>'f to 

Kdicofffuu : in Kd(ofuu. 

KcaAofuu, to call to.— R K4Kofuu, t«ccKcAo/xai, *»- 

Kca^^^oAos, a woman's head-dress of net to cover and 
bind the hair: — 'the second stomach of raminating 

animals, from its net-like stracture, Fr. le bonnet : 

the pouch or belly of a hunting-net ; — part of the head- 
stall of a bridle :' Ldd. — R Kpivru, KtKpv^ In form 
as ^^AAOS. ' 

KeAaScu, to shout out, sing ; from 

KcAoSos, ' from a^AAw, Kf\& : an exciting with a 
loud noise or clear vdce :' Damm. As of hunters or 
warriors urging on, a shout, shouting out, nsurmur, 

KcXatphs, black.— 'B.fx6A3s, [a^Aeos, boming, or 
say burnt] from aew, to bum, aefa* :' Mrt. 

KcAopt^ctf, the same as KcAaS^. 

K€A^, a drinking-cup^ a basin for sacrifices. Dr. 
Jones makes it * a round wooden bowl :' then as £ in 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



kEKawis, kEBv6sj from k^Aov, wood, and so Dnn. brings 
fcEA^oyrcf from KrjKoy. B, as from Kurtrbs, ivy, is 
Kuro^Biov, a goblet. BH, as' in ipwrtBH, (2) Dnn. 
says curiously, * R Xdetis,* What of KE ? From x«w, 
to pour out, as KtKdSovro from XdCu ? Damm from 
Xf«, \flSw, \oi€^ a libation. ? 

K€\4oyr€s, * the beams in the nprigbt loom, between 
whidi the web was stretched r others read KAXcovrtSf 
from icoAov, [wood, as in icfiAtrf J : * Ldd. * R. KrjKov^ 
wood i* Dnn. (2) * The drivers^ from k4XXm, K€\a 
[I e, K€A6«, KcA.«oKrcs,] : Pedes e quibus stamina <fe- 
ducuntur :' Berkel. 

K«Ac^s, 'a very swift bird', says Suid. : R. k4\7is, celer, 

Ke\€u$dSf a road, way, path. — Buttm. from f ^Aci^tfw, 
to go : K prefix, as in Kafnrd\ifju>s, Kaux^fuu, (2) 
But nearly all from iceAAu, KeX&j to go, as Iter from 
Itum : whence also 

K€Aci}wy to urge, enjoin, beg, order, command, call to, 
aa KoAcw. — R. ic^AAw, ic*A«, to drive. 

K4\7iSf fast sailer or racer : from 

KIaAo), to drive, urge, thrust, thrust a ship on shore, 
land: — go forwards. KiKoficu, to call out to. — For 
kIAAo^ from kIw to move, do, cieo, Kiviv. E, as Kpivu, 
f Kipvw, cEmo ; "Imroj, flKKos, Equus. (2) From a 
form f K^tf = kU», as justified by irEofuu, irE7/Mu, and 
Lat. cEveo, Then KEAAw, as KIAA«. (3) Dnn. from 
"EAAo^: K prefix, as in Kapir(£At/xos, K^Acu0os, &c. 
(*) * Hebr. kelee, to be swift :' Wr. 

KeAv^s, husk, rind, pod. — Allied to KaAvtrrv, ice- 
icetAt;0a, to cover. So TEAa/t«bi', fi^pedpov. 

K4\(cp, a son. One whom the father fx^Act, K^Aerai 
bids or commands. Ewing understands it as ' One who 
is commanded by an oracle, a delegate,* (Very rare.) 

K€fihs, a fawn. — 'R. [^Kfifuu, Kiofiai,'] Koifi^Oaif 
as still lying in the cave :' Mrt. Compare 

K^/ijua, the bed of a wild animal. — 'R. Ke7fjuu : * Dnn. 

KcySvAa, as ^X^^'i^Aa. 

KeveBpla, carrion. — Damm as transp. for NfKfjefto, 
B. v€Kp6s a corpse. * Kfy4€plos the same as ©yriael- 
Sios :* Dnn. 

K€yecl)V, hollow between the ribs and hip. And 

Kevds, empty. — ^Allied to Xd»os, a cavity, Xawos, 
' prop, lax, gaping', (Dnn.). X«t^ a hole, KotXos, hol- 
low. So Kwcds and Xd(», Kecdr as TfVos, Mivos. 
^2) ' Hebr. kanehj hollowness, emptiness, and a cane .*' 
Pkh. * Hebr. henee, to contain :' Wr. 

KfVTa6pioy, centaury. — *From the Centaur Chiron*: 

Kdvravpos, a Centaur, * Prob. from /cerrw, ravpos : 
from bull-fights, or as being mounted honsemep :' Ldd. 
Or from Kevrw only, as ;^irATP02. 

Kcrr^, and inf. Kdvaai^ to prick, pierce, sting, goad. 

R t*^^' '^^^^t ^*^C"i to cleave, split, KC<rT^s, pricked. 

Allied to Kaiwfjuuj Kaiva,'fK4yWj-\K4Kevrai, See Kcvds, 
So t*^»w, fNw. 

KiPTpoVy puncture, centnd point — ^Above. 

KwrpcoVj a culprit pricked with a'goad or spike : — . 
patchwork sewn together by the prick of a needle : a 
joint composition. — Above. 

KEn^OS, a sea-bird, remarkably light and easily 
caught: — a silly person easily duped. — Ewing and 
Mrt. from Kov<f>os, light, ^K6<f>os, ficcJirc^oj, and E as 
fipOrhs, fipEras] 7OW, gEnu ; vOster, vEster ; tOsta, 
tEsta. But? 

K€pa(a, like K4pai, h horn: — 'anything like one, 
growing or projecting like one, and so a yard-arm, 
projecting beam of a crane ; — antennae of the crab ; — 
branching stake of wood ; — little projection or mark at 
the top of any thing, mark or sign in writing, a tittle, 
abbreviation ; — the leg, point of a pair of compasses ; — 
a bow:' Ldd. 

Kcpat(uy to butt or strike with the Kcpas horn, over- 
throw, lay waste. (2) R xeipw, Kepm, to cut off. 

Kcpotlr. a worm that preys on a Ktpas horn. 

K€p(j(/i^t|, homed or stag-beetle. — R K4pai, KepcCi^, 
KepdFi^t KepdBi^ (as kcEBt?!,) K€pdM€i^, as \af/L€dya, 

K4pafA0Sf potter's earth, vase, tile, brick, &c. -— 
' Perh. from K€pdajU> mix: for well-tempered earth is 
desirable for making earthen- ware :' Greg. * Earth 
well kneaded and prepared for making earthen- ware : ' 
Lenn. (2) Dnn. and Mrt. from Ipo, earth. K prefix as 
in Kapwd\ifios, Kavxdofjtaif KfKevOos. (3) Some 
from fffcay, K6f», to bum, and epa earth. (4) Rossi 
notices Coptic heromi, furnace-earth. * Hebr. gerem, to 
pulverize:' Wr. 

K4p(^ios, ' dungeon, in II. 5. 887, xo^^V ^^ Kepd/jiq}, 
Perh. allied to X'^po/xos:' Ldd. ' A chamber of bricks 
[See K4pafjios above,] still retaining the name when of 
brass, [as in Homer just quoted,] as a candle-STICK 
of brass; HORN-book, &c. :' Grogan. So Mile-STONES 
are said, even of h'on or wood. — Ewing says : * Place of 
confinement where they were obliged to work in clay.* 

K4pas, a horn: * anything of horn, drinking-horn; — 
horn guard or pipe at the end of a fishing-hook; — arm 
of a river ; — wing of an army ; — sail-yard ; — any 
projection, as a mountain-peak, &c.:' Ldd. — In form 
like T4pas, Tepas, U4pas ; and allied to Xophs, K<Jpa|, 
Kopwvhs, Tvpos, Kvprhs, &c. (2) Lenn. allies it to 
Kdpa, the top. (3) * Hebr. keren, a horn:' Pkh. 

KepaaSdKos, hard, intractable. — R. K6pa9, f i3oA€». 
From the silly notion that such com as struck against 
the horns of oxen in sowing, produced hard fruit. 
* Quod tetigerit cornu, non est coctibile:* Plin. 

K4pwrot, a cherry-tree. — From Cerasns in Pontus. 

Keparea, * the carob-tree : rh Kcpdrioy, the fruit of 
the tree, which is comiciUated, R Kcpas:' Dnn. and 

Keparias, a cuckold, from the expression To make 
K4para horns for, give horns to. * That the husbands 
of false women wear horns, is an old saying, and com- 
mon in other countries also:* Todd. 

Ktpawhs, thunderbolt, lightning which strikes the 
earth. — R Ktlpa, iccpw: from its cutting down and de- 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



stroying. Some add alfiu, to shine or to bam : bat -awhs 
much as ^ar-aupos. (2) * Chald. heran, to shine:' Mrt. 

KcpdWf Ktpdyvuiu, to mix, — pour out. — R. Ktlfw, 
ircpw, ' to take from, diminish \ (Dnn.). (2) *■ R. Kc'pas : 
To pour prop, into cups of horn, of which the ancient 
cups were made. Later, to mix:' Pkh. * To pour into 
cups having the figure of horns: and, because tbej used 
to temper wine, it came to mean mix:' Danim. 

K^pSos, gain: — craft in getting it. — R. icetpo', 
ffciceprou, Ktf^v. ' From the little clippings of money, 
as in K€p^; anciently gained by trading. So in Hebr. 
a piece of money broken or cut o£f, is used of gain:' Pkh. 

KepS^, a fox. — B. xipSoSf craft. 

Kepklsj ' a sta£f or rod with which the web was struck 
to make it thick and close: — later, in the horiz. loom, 
the weaver^s stay or comb : but comm. the shuttle con« 
taining the spindle; — any taper rod, reed, quill, skewer, 
peg, pin, small bone of the shin : -~ a kind of poplar, 
the trembling aspen, from the rustling of its leaves [as 
the shuttle from the noise]. — Prob. from KcpK», rarer 
form of KpiiM, to strike, beat : ' Ldd. So all. 

Kepxhs, a tail. — ' R. xpdKto [as KcpKis :], to strike, 
beat:' Mrt. Thus Virgil of the dolphins: *iEquora 
verrtmt caudtsJ' And our More: ' The lion will strike 
such a blow with his tail that will break the back of his 
encounterer.' Waller : * And men and boats his active 
tall confounds.* Dryden speaks of the lion as * Roused 
by the lash of its own stubborn tail.' 

KipKovpoSj a light vessel. — ' Kepxos and Ouph are 
both a tail : hence called as very long, and ending both 
ways in a tail :' ForcelL (2) The SchoL Aristoph. 
from the island K4pKupa, Corc^, 

KfpfjMj * a minute portion cut from anything, hence 
a small coin :' Dnn. * For in the rude state of ancient 
money small pieces were often clipped off from larger to 
make weight:' £wing. — R. Ktipw, Kextpfuu* 

KepfutTitrriis, a money-changer : Above. 

KfpvoSy a large dish of earthen-ware : perh. contr. 
from Kepdfjuvos. (2) As it contained various fruits, 
Greg, from Ktpdu, Kipvdoa. It is called a Kpatiip by 
the Schol. on Nicander. 

Kcpomidoo, to toss the horns, hold the head high. — 
R. xepas, * Lift not up your horn on high : ' 0. T. 

KipTOfJLOs, sarcastic, reviling. — For Kedp-rofMs or 
icfip-TofwSf cutting the heart. So kE^v6s, (2) R. 
Ktipu, KCKcprat. As ?§80M02. 

KfpX'^* ''^ ^^^ of hawk, called from its hoarse 
noise, said to be the kestrel : ' Ldd. — From 

Kepxo^i to make rough, dry, hoarse. — ' Kindred 
words are KdpxapoSj Kapxakios, all apparently formed 
to express a shrill sound. R Kp4Kw:* Dnn. 

KctricW, refuse of flax, 'quod detrahitnr e lino:' 
Steph. — R. {^«, to scrape o£f, i.e. ffK4uf f o-Kco-ffco;, 
'^KSffKeM: as <rici5XA«, KOtrKvA/ux^ria. (Very rare.) 

KtaKOfAoi, to lie down. — R. Kiofiat, KCi/tiu, as Bdw^ 


Kf (rrbf, pricked, embrmdered: in Kcf^r/w. 

Kcdrrpo, a hammer with a sharp head, javelin, awl. 
KiffTpov, a graving tool^styloa. — R. kcot^s, allied to 
KcKrew, KtdCct, Ktipw. 

K€<rrp€bsj * a mullet, from icctfTpa, from its shape. 
Galled also the Faster, as believed to be empty when- 
ever caught : hence it means a starveling :' Ldd. 

Ke^M, to hide, conceal. — As ^AETeO. B. t^ev, 
icco/uu, Ktifxai I To put down, put by, put away : pono^ 
re-pooo, se-pono. (2) ' Akin to Kuw, Kv^ :' Dnn. 

Ke^oX^, the head. — As Kiiircrof for ^Kdweroi, 
Kc^oA^ is allied to ISKcVcurfta, a covering, case, integu- 
ment, from (TKhtu, iaKf4M. See Krjiros. In form as 
xOofiAAU. (2) Damm for icv<f>aA.^ from kvktw, 
KfKtHpa, from its convexity : as K^ij. We have 
pejero from juro. But ? 

Kc^oAls, head or chapter of a book, principal part, 
&c. — Above. As Caput, Chapter. 

tKe», Kelw, to burn, allied to Kat». 

tK^, to cut: in K€d(co, 

fKEn, Kin, (as Ya«, Y€«, Yi»,) XEH, XYXl. seem 
Primitives, and to be allied, and to imply movement. 
Thus Kfw, Kiyccp, CiOy Cieo, are to move, move forward: 
fKf'o;, KeAAw, to move or drive on: KeoMOt, Kc7/tta<, 
KiffKUt to move or place oneself down, to lie down : 
Xlwy Xuo0, to throw or pour down. — Dnn. refers Kin 
[See KapraAtjuos,] to f I«, Elfii : and Kico might thus 
be referred to f £», ET/u, and Xcw to few, Tt^/lu, to send: 
but it seems safer to take them as Primitives. Ewing 
considers Kiw as transp. from*Iir«, i.e. make to go. 

Knrx^'^t ^VX*^^i '^® ^*^^ meaning as iroi yrj?, 
HesycL From k^ for injy Hyxof [i* e. iyxov or ^yxO •' 

Kq^os, concern, anxiety, sorrow, prop, in bereavement, 
as allied to fKaSew, KtKdSovro, Xd(w, "ExalSoy, < to 
make one quit, bereave:' (Dnn.) So mourning for the 
dead, a funeral, burial : — any object of care or concern, 
as a rektionship or connexion in life. (2) R. ficew, 
/C€(», Kolu: Ardent glowing hSeciion and interest. Or as 
Aadw, to light up, is used for ' to be loud, as wailing:' 
(Dnn.). And Damm from burning the dead. (3) R. 

KiiSUf to injure, distress, annoy. — Prop, to bereave, 
as in Krjdos, (2) R. kom, icaiai, to burn, consume. 

KridlSf voting-box, dice-box. — * R. tx*"> L^xfl^^i] 
XoSetv:' Ldd., to hold, contain. (2) 'Others prefer 
Xc»' : Dnn. : to pour in (dice). (3) Lenn. compares 

KiiK^s, ' said to be an Ion. word from Keuchs^ mis- 
chievous: K.riKd(w, to insult:' Ldd. 

KiikU, juice, fat: — a gall-nut, * produced by the sap 
oozing from punctures made by insects :' Ldd. From 

Ki}Ki», to ooze, gush forth. — Rednpl. of Kitty to go 
(forth or out). 

KriKfhSj burning, bhizing. — B. f iccCw, jcotw, f jcacXbi, 

Kri\4wj to charm, begaile, coax. — ' "Emi^o; , t^""!' 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



X4o» : * Battm. : To make calm. As 'Ekcivos', Ktivos. 
(2) Lengthened from KaX6sy (as KHira; :) : To say 
prettj things to, as AikoAAw. And allied to ^Kd((ey 
Kd(ofiou, to embellish. ^3) R. icaAcw, Topo-KoAcw, to 
soothe. («) 'R. x<^a»i to unbend': Dnn. (5) 
* Chald. kal, the T(ttce :' Mrt 

K^Ay7, Attic Ka\n, * a tnmor, esp. of a rupture. B. 
XoKdiMi to slacken:^ Dnn. (2) *B. m^Ac^f : An inflam- 
mation:' Ewing. (S) 'Hard as koAoi^ wood:' Mrt. 
Compare Durus from AoOpv. 

Kt(K\st spot, stain, blemish. -—* Very prob. from 
[ira», iracAls/J Koiw, to bam : The effect of fire :' Dnn. 
As a bum or brand. See K^Aov. 

Ki}Aof, KoAoF, * dry wood fit for burning : — hence 
(the earliest weapons being of wood hardened by fire,) 
arrow, weapon : — sun-beam: ' Dnn. — Above. 

Ki}A^ dry: in Ki^Ac^s. 

KtiKuv, a stallion, gen. he-ass : — lascivious. — 
Allied to K'n\96s : Ardens (cupidine). 

K^Atfv,* KnXAifuov, a swipe, machine for drawing 
water. — As "Ovos, an ass, is used also for a windlass, 
crane or pulley, so K^A»y, an ass, for K^Awy a swipe. 

KnXwrrkf a brothel. — From K^Awk 1. 

Kiiiibi, ^ a muzzle for a horse : — also a net or basket 
of reeds through which the Y^^i were dropt into the 
urn; — a basket containing them, — a fishing-basket;^— 
head-dress, bond : ' Dnn. — Some of these senses agree 
witli Kn02f , an um or dice-box, which seems allied.— 
Others agree with Ewirig's deriv. ' from ndfAnrcfj 
[/c^Ko/u/iai,], to curve : a kind of fetter or chain, bit or 
bridle.' — Varin. from xiixrw, to eat, as Virgil: *Frana 
feroz sonipes spumantia mandUJ But this is only in- 

Krivaos: the Lat census^ ultim. from K4vaai. 

K^(: in Kaua|. 

KtfKos^ a garden, orchard. — As Kiircros for :SK<i- 
^-cTor, so Kviwos from ffKhra, to protect, aichni a shel- 
tered place. Perh. allied to our word keep, Wbst. 
explains Garden * land enclosed for the protection of 
froits.* So Pkh. from Hebr. KPH, to cover, protect. 
(2) Mrt from icti(ir», from the exhalations. Gic. speaks 
of the odors ' qui ajjkmtwr e fioribus.' Hesych. calls 
it wept-irytSfifVos Kid ci-iivtfiof twos. 

KiproSf a &shion of cutting the hair : perh. from the 
care and dressing of a garden, as K6fMfij hair, from KofjJw 
to attend to. Hesych. calls it KoXXavurf/hs rpix&y* — 
Also, as Hortus, for r^ euSota yvPtuKud, 

Kripf the heart: in Kcap. 

K^p, fate, death, doom, disease. — Allied by Lenn. 
to Kiipj Kaipbs, whence tis Koupby rvircls, mortally 
wounded, Kaiptos, mortal, deadly. (2) R. fx^, kci», 
to cut : from the Fate cutting the threads of life. In 
form aft e^w, e^p ; Atdw, AlfHip, (3) B. icc^/k», to 
destroy: as Knpalvw, («) Damm firom K9pd»: Fate 
mixing the cup of bliss or woe. But K^ is always 
used ^woe. 

K^yw, to injure, destrqy. See in K^. — <Some 

derive it in sense To be anxious, from in)p, the heart :' Dnn. 

KriploVj honey-comb ; — the scald-head, aa Latin 
Favus. — From 

Kripbsy bees* wax, wax. — * R. K^pd/ui A thing mixedi 
the alloy of honey:' Dr. Jones. (2) B. fx^, Kcdu : 
Fit for burning, whence Kripol wax-tapers. 

Krjpv^, a herald. KtipvcnrUf {«, to herald. R. yvpus, 
the voice. So all — Also, a kind of shellfish : " its 
shell being used by criers and heralds : ' Dnn. : * with a 
wreathed shell which might be used as a trumpet. 
Also, a prickly instrument of torture' : Ldd. (2) Hebr. 
herezj to proclaim: ' Wr. 

Krjrosj a whale. — Not improb. Lenn. from x^^t 
fcexcurra/, x<u'8dva>, f xciw, f kcxifo*, from its vast capa- 
city : Gapax. Compare the formation of Xrjrts.' 

KriTt&€<rtra^ Aeucf^alfitov, large as a KrjroSt whale 
Othere make Ktjtos the same as KoTap, a depth, gulf : 
full of hollows, says Buttm., applying it to the country. 
See Krjros above. 

K^G( in KaGa{. 

Ki;<^f, a drone-bee: *metaph. of old birds with the 
pen-ibtthers gone :' Ldd. — R ic^irrw, KiKo/pa, K4ieri<pa, 
to devour : Eating, but not working. ' Frages oonsu- 
mere natus,' Hor. ' Immunisque sedens aliena adpabnia 
fucuii* Virg. See To^p^nj. 

Kri^^s, smelling as of bumt incense. — B. ica^«, a 
L ici^a, to bum, and 5{'0, 28a, odor, Passow compares 
Flagro and Fragro. So 

Knt&tiSf fragrant — Above. 

KtdBu : the same as Kla. 

KiShiKidUf * to look of a pale yellow, like gold alloyed 
with base metal : to have the jaundice : ' Dnn. From 

KiShiXoSf base, spurious, adulterated. — For KihiXos, 
as * oKiBSvto for oAfSvw', (Dnn.) from k1^ Kt^f,a worm, 
ihi\4u, 9ri\4ofMUj to injure: Worm-eaten, and so rotten, 
worthless, base, &c Thus opposed to "A-kios. (2) 
From KIBAH:S, clay, in Hesych. ; hence is assumeid a 
sense dross, which KtSSijAls bears. (3) Oonstantine 
from Xioif fSi^A^co: said of com damaged by the Chions. 
Sustath. from Xiin, ^\6u: such coin of the Chians 
as the Athenians repudiated being marked by a X. (ft) 
' Gbald. kidba, (kibda,) a lie:' Mrt 

KiSuris, and iEtolian Kl€cLf pouch, wallet, knapsack. 
— R xiwy to go, i.e. for a journey, much as Via, Viatica, 
and *Ep-6Sios, B, as in $6XBirov, icAwBds. (2) As 
carrying cUntm food, obsol. in Gr.,but which might 
have existed, from the kIw above, (like K^Sa,) to go, as 
Viatica. See Festus below in Kt^orrds. (3) Whiter 
mentions the elements C, B; C, P, in ^cepatit capio, 
Ki€i<riSy kepen, our keep^ coop* (ft) ' Hebr. hebitzee, 
collection:' Wr. 

Ki€(&pioPf a cup, * firom the material or the shape of 
the Ki6<6ptov or seed-vessel of the Egyptian bean:' 
Ldd. But this hist prob. from KlSoy a bag, above. See 

KiSwrhsj a box, chest, in which, says Festus, we put 
cUnm food. See in Kl€iais, Ldd. indeed allies Ki^c*- 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



rhs and Kliurts, (2) Some from kIw, fiordw^ as feed- 
ing on a joornej. 

KiryK\i(uy to wag the tail ; — to change continually. 

— R. KlyKXos, 

KeyKXlst * a foMing-door, railed fence, inclosore with 
folding doors, place of sitting of the Athenian senate : * 
Dnn. Hence KryxAiScs, quibbles at the bar, logical 
quibbles. — For kxicAU, (as Kt^icXoj,) rednpl. for icAJs 
allied to Atr^ieXls and to KAicrifiSf t, < folding^oors or 
large gates : * (Dnn.) 

KiyKkos, a kind of wagtail. — For kIkKos, (as 
AoFxcb'w,) from kIu, kckuco, do, deo, Kiyitt, to move, 
as Lat. motidlla from inottim. 

KIAAPI2, a Persian turban. ' Cidarim PeratB 
regium capitis yocabant insigne:' Curt. — It means also 
an Arcadian dance: perh. from kUc^ ^nil^v^ do^ Kixew. 
As fioAtiv, ffrdAfiv, 

Kl9iffifu: in Kc8e(C». 

Kiedpoj a guitar. — Usually thought a foreign word, 
but so contradictorily that it seems rather iirom kIuj 
iKldrjVy do,Ktv4wy to move. (As ^o^iAPA.) Ovid: 
* Cithnram cum voce movere: *Fila sonantia movtV 
See K^7fcAos, Kltrffo, KurffSs. Wr. says it is the Hebr. 

KiB^v^ lou. for XiTi&v, 

KiKiyyoSf a curled lock. — Bedupl. from "fKlyvos (as 
KiKA^(ricw,) from kIw, * elegantly going across the head ; 

— Or moved (round), twisted:* Damm: Kiu hefe as 
Lat. dOf and Kiyiu^ to move. See both KIkus and 

KiKKo^aVy imitated from the sound of screeching 
owls. KiKKd§fiy a screech-owl. 

KiK\^(rK», i.e. KoXeWf fKA^w, fKA^<rff», as Mt- 

KiKvfjuSf an imitative word like KukkAMu* 

KIkvs, " lit. power of motion, prob., from kIw : strength, 
Tigor : according to some, as KijkI;, juice, blood, spurt- 
ing out, also from kIcoi* Dnn. 

KiXiKi(Wf to play the Cilidan. 

KiXIkiov, * a coarse cloth, strictlj^ of Cilidan goats' 
hair:' Ldd. 'Commonly manufactured in CiUda:' 

KiWl€aSy an ass-mounter, as we say a Horse, frame 
to put a shield on. — As Auxd-fias. From 

KiWoSj an ass. — 'B. k(AA.w, quasso:' Mrt. As 
Persius: 'Nee manus auriculas [asini] imitata est 
mobilis\ and Jerome: 'Aut manu auriculas agitari 
asini.' Moving its long ears, as the wag-tail KiW- 
'Ovpos does its oh^ tail. 

KUA», 'a form akin to KcAAw and*'IAAu:' Dnn. 

KIMBEPIKON, a kind of garment. 'From the 
place', says Suidas. ' So called as made by the 
Crmbri \ says Dr. Brasse. As Cambric from Cambray, 
Worsted from that place in Norfolk. 

KIMBIH, -nl, niggardly. — ' Suid. states that these are 
the same as Be/i^i|, -77I, a wasp or bee :' Steph. As then 
tfpni\K6w is to constrict and tighten in, from 0*^41, 

(T^jcbf, a wasp as narrow in the middle, so KijuSti can 
be tight, pinching, screwing. And B and K ? Yet 
perhaps liQUor or liKor from hX^^ xMs, For K and n 
are often interchanged. ? 

YifuaMa, fuller's earth. ' Cretomqw rura Cimdli:* 

KofiMpa, Kiva&pa, 'smell of the he-goat, a rank 
smell :' Dnn. <— Supposed by some to be put for 
KwdSpcij KwO'fiSpa, dog's-meat: as Klydpa and KXvdpa^ 
pisinnus and pUsillns, (Forcell.). — But, as it should 
thus be rather icvyO§f>a, better with Damm: * Notat 
gravem odorem saladnm animalium, k kiv^ quod idem 
ac jStyctf.' Sic in Fabnli Otwayan& : ' How the old 
fellow stunk, when the fit was on faira V Vide VHvaibos. 
I brevis est) ut in KivdBtafjM, 

KlvoSos, & fox : — a cunning knavish fellow. — The 
latter seems the prim, sense, from Kip4wy as Livy ' nio- 
vSre ac fnoUri*, and as the expression Udarra hidov ki- 
vih. Stirring everything, bustling, active. Somewhat 
simiUrly the Lat. YerBUtus from Verto. Ldd. makes it 
a ' shifty' fellow. I short as in 

KIvdBtfffiat a rustling motion. — B. kIv4w, So Kim&. 

Klycui^s, catamlta : — >' k KtvHos=fiiy4w :' Dnn. . Al- 
ludit fortasse vox ad ai8fli>s:=Tcb alfioto. 

Kiydpc^ KwdpOj the Kvifhi dog thorn, garden thorn, 
called also Kw6a-PaTos : a kind of artichoke. For the 
I see on Splos. 
• K(i^Sa|, the same as ^Kipo^, 

KlvdvifoSf risk, hazard, danger. — ' Frob. from kw& : 
prim, of throwing the dice :' Ldd. — Or, (as [N5<£\Ao/iaoi 
and oNSdyw,) for Kldivos from xlta, to go, ^kIBvp as 
BaZriv, 2T6Zriv. I. e. in which we go up to anything, 
as'In;;, ' going', is Venturous which from Yenio, and as 
from Per-eo some derive Periculum. 

Kivdoff to move. — R. iciv, c»o, dec. As Atto, Aivico, 

KlwaJSoSf the same as KtUfvaSos. 

KINNAMAMON, dmumon, ' From the PheemdoM:^ 

KINYPA, an Asiatic instrument with ten strings. — 
' Chald. hinnara, a harp ; kinah, lamentation :' Mrt. 

Kivvphf, plaintive, like the tone of the Kiyvpci. Kun5' 
pofjxUf to bemoan. 

Kiv<&neroVy ' a deadly beast, espec. a serpent : said to 
come, notwithstanding the t, from KlPUy to move, as '£p- 
verdy from tpvw :' Ldd. A moving thing. Compare 
the termm. in SpallETHS. The i as in KtvdBiarfia. 

Ki^TISf Ki^dKriSj Ki|eiAAijs, a highway robber. — 'Prob. 
derived from Kix^tv,' Ldd. : i. e. to come upcm, or up to. 
tKfx«, t«^«. 

Ki6Kpwov', ^ ^= Kiov6'KpavoVf Ldd. As Idolo-latry, 

KipKaioj thought to be nightshade, from Circd, the 
enchantress in the Odyssey. 

KipKos, KplKos, a circle, ring ; — a hawk or falcon 
flying in a circle: ' Ducensque per aera gyros Milttus\ 
Ov. Allied by many to TvpoSf a circle, Kvprds^ curved, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



K4paSf a horn, &c < (2) KpUos from itpi(cOf to creak, 
I e. as a wheel turning on an axle-tree : That wheels 
round with noise. (3) * Welsh cyrc, from ciw, a circle, 
limit r'Wbst. ' 

KipKdoff to bind with rings : Above. 

Kipvdat, the same as KtpdUf like Tlerdwj Uirvdu^ 

Kip^s, tawnj, yellowish. — Prob< from the color of 
iheKiptrds. (2) K.rip6SfW9X,^inipfp6tf'\iaiji^s,Ktfp6s. 

KipffoSf Kpiaadsj Kpi^os^ a varicose vein, dilated 
blood-vessel. — Salmas. allies it to ^i^os or Sicfpos, 
(as Mdp<rydo5f "Ziuipteyios,) tcimu oTschirrhus, a hard 
knotty, tumor. (2) Liln K/pKos, allied to Kvprds and 
Tvpis curved, K4pas a horn, Xop6f, &c. 

KiS, Kids, an insect in com or wood, com weevil.'- 
Allied to ^x^O^i ^ rend, K«/<w, to sever, Kcd^w, Ktlpot. 

KiaripiSj pumice-stone. — B. Kts: M seeming worm- 

Kiffca, KfTTo, the jay or magpie ; and, like Pica, any 
eccentric appetite. — Menage from Ki», KlatOf do, cieoj 
KtyiUf to move, like K^^x^^'^ ^^ wagtail : * From its 
frequent motion of the tail and body.' So 

KtffffdSf the ivy. — Menage deduces this, like Kfcro-a, 
from Ki»j Klao), as going about trees : (See "Irvs :) 

* Thus Persius calls it Sequax, and Virgil Errans.' 

KiffoiStoVf a cup, properly as made of ivy-wood. — 
Above. A cup has the epithet Kiararivos applied to it 
by Euripides. 

Kiarn, a wicker-basket, hamper.— B. xiw. to go, k4- 
KtffTOL. For the purposes of journeying. (2) Allied 
to Kianij Ki^oTis, from /ciJw, * prop, to contain', (Dnn.). 
As /uToTiAi;, fil<rrv\ri ; i^vdpa^ KlvdpoL, (3) Some ally 
our chesty * a word found in Sax., Germ., Dan., Swed., 
Welsh and Irish :* Wbst 

KITPEA, ' lemon or citron tree. Hebr. hei/er^ to smell :' 

Kix^uw, Kfx»?A**, tK*X^**» *o come up to, reach, meet, 
light on, find. — B. kvu, xtKixa, to go, go to. So In-venio, 
to find. 

KfxAij : in Ktx^ifw. 

Ktx^(», * to titter, giggle, but others make it to eat 
kIx^ibu, thrashes, to live luxuriously:' Ldd. 'Fare 
well, revel, make merry, laugh heartily :' thus Grove 
brings tlie senses together. K^x^i^w can be however 
an imitative word, like our Giggle, Cackle, K^x^^? 
a thrush, is classed by Menage with KlyK?<os and Klaraa, 
which see. 

Kiu, to move, go : See in f KEft. 

Kfwv, *a pillar: — gravestone:' Ldd.— As B^fux is 
iipd-^IM, a raised place, so Kiwv for iya-KW, going up: 

* a column rising on high', Lenn. ' Kin in altum :' Mrt. 
So Celsus, high, from Cello, Excello, and £x-celsus. 

KXaryyii, ^ clang, ciemgor, a loud and shrill cry or 
sound. B. KA.iC<^,' 7{» : or both formed to imitate the 
sound:' Dnn. ''Clang, Germ., Swed., Dan.:' Wbst 
(2) Damm from fcAd» to break ;— Hemst. from ica- 
k4» to call out to. 

K\a8af}bs, easily broken. — ^B. kkixe^^KXAZTiv, as "Bihiv, 

KAa8(£», KA.a8d(rir«, to shake. -—I suppose from 
ffXilSoi branches shaking by the wind. See A(jva(. 

KAoSf^, to break off young icAtiSovs. 

KhMos, * from K\da» : a young slip or shoot such 
as is broken off for grafting ; a young branch :' Ldd. 
KXaSoi i^-€K\direri<roaf, Bom. 11. 19. TlrSp^oy KXda't, 
Hom. So KKrifM, K\»y. 

KXd(u, 7(w, to make a shrill ciy, scream, shout, 
chaunt.->The same as Kpd{v, which see. So KAiecums, 
KPiioofos. From its own sound, say many; but this would 
be more applicable to KAcryT^, which however is from 
K\d(to. — Others from Ka\4w, to call out to, or K\d»y 
to break (out). 

K\4(», to shut ! B. icAoh, a key : KKifiiw, 

K\alof, Khdu, f. KXawrofiau, to weep: i.e. K\du 
break forth into crying or into tears, as the voice is , 
broken and interrupted with sobbings. ' Dat gemitum, 
rumpUqw has imo pectore voces,' Virg. And : * Suo 
rumpebat pectore questus.' The Greeks said ^|ai 8<i- 
Kpua, ^i}|at ^y1\v» So with us To burst into tears. 

KAa/iS^ mutilated. — R Kkdu, ^kKoM65i M as 
\allL€iivu>, So edfxios. 

KXai, a key.— -B. k>4(w, ^«. 

KAaOfux, KAai;6/A^s, a weeping : KKalto. 

KAcUtf, to break. — Allied to K6Kos, broken ; KoAd(«T«, 
to strike, beat, through f icoAciw, kXAw, Some ally it to 
eA(£a> : but ? 

KA(i«, to weep : in KAa{». 

mxii^v, by stealth : KKenrv. As 4nTcb, cBAo/uor. 

KAcls, KATjh, KAats, a key, bolt : — collar-bone, cla- 
vicle, as this from Glavis : ' as if from locking the neck 
and breast together', Ldd. And a bench for rowers, 
' for the benches are placed before the aperture which 
recuves the oars, and so are called from the resemblance 
which rowing bears to the action of a key in locking or 
unlocking:' E. Valpy.— From 

KAclw, to shut. — As "EfiSoXoy is a peg, bolt, from 
jSoAAtf, so K^AA», KeA», f kAc», kK^Iu, to drive (in), 
and so shut (2) As shutting in is for prioaey, it 
may be allied to KoA^irrw, (xA^irrctf,) and KAeirrw. 
(3) ' Hebr. kda, he shut :' Mrt 

KKtioo, to make famous: KKnv6s, renowned.— B. 

K\€fAfM, fraud, theft : K\4irrw, KcxXtfifMi. 

KAcos, glory : icAca;. 

KAcirrw, * to do anything by stealth or privately, con- 
ceal, deceive, steal. Akin to KoA^rrw, [KA^»,] :* 
Dnn. (2) *Chald. JbcfepA, covering:' Pkh. 

KAerof, * prob. = tcKnis :' Ldd. 

KAea>, to call, Ka\4u, — ^AIso,as KAc^w, to make famous, 
celebrate : prop, to call out the name of, proclaim it 
Thus Nominatus is explained Celebratus by Forcell. 
We say. He has a great name. 

KXrfi(ji>y, report, fame, KAeos, k\4u, 

KKridpoyj KA6t6pov, KMciBpov, a bolt, bar : K\fiu. 

KA^/M : in KAoSos. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



. KKii(hkU, pertaimng to the Clergy. — R tcXripos. 
From St. Matthias being chosen by lot, Acts L 26. Or 
as haying public allotments of lands. Or (as the tribe 
of Levi) being the lot or inheritance of the Lord. 

KA^pof, a lot. — * Perh. from icActw, [icAaepit,] ; for 
twigs, potsherds, or other KXdfffMra were iised for it :* 

K\l€avo5 : for Kpi€wos. As \ttPiov, liLinm. 

KKlfittj inclination ;— ' the supposed slope of the earth 
from tbe equator towards the pole, hence, a region, zone, 
clime; climate:' Ldd. — R. KXivu, 

KKi/uucT^pf a climacteriCf a step or stop in human 
life every 7th year. — From 

KXtfJM^f oKoSf a ladder, staircase. * from icX(v«, from 

its leaning aslant,' Ldd. Also a climax in rhetoric : — 

* a wrestler's trick. Soph. Tr. 521, variously explained : 

,— part of a chariot, i.e. blocks of wood placed above 

the axle, and narrowing like steps :' Ldd.— And 

KAlny, KXirr^p, KXurfihf, a bed on which we recUne, 

KKlvwj to bend, turn, turn aside, &c. — *0'K\aSbv is 
oa bent knees, from ic\du, to break, (See fully in 'Ayieii,) 
80 KXivo9 to bend is from KXdu : — as from Tdu is TiV« ; 
from "Vda la Ifivofjuu ; from'AT^ is *Ayip4cf ; so ^Blvu, 
Bw4wy &c (2) As NciW, to incline, from N^w, to go 
(down), so k4\?Mj KfXu, f kA^, ficAfw, K\ivfa, to urge 
or press (down). (3) * Sax. hlinianf Germ. isAnen, to 
lean :' Wbst. 

KKitrla, couch for reclining on ; — chamber, tent, hut, 
for reclining in. — B. icAiW, K4K\taat, 

KKiffiddeSy folding-doors. Dindorf reads always KXci- 
trtdSts from icXcfw, <r»,to shut. Yet so di-KMH. Others 
from kJUpw, as KXuria : Indimng one to the other. 

KX/tos, like KA//xa. 

KAiToy, KMrhSf slope, de-cUoity, climts. — B. kKlvu, 


KAotis, collar for a dog,— pillory. — R. icAciw, W- 
icAoia, to shut in» 

KAor^o), to throw into kA^i^os confusion. 

KX6vos, press of battle, throng of men or spears, 
battle-rout, a rumbling noise.— Jones compares clan, — 
But, as epow, 0p6vost so KA^, KA^vof, as said of 
things broken, broken ranks, &c So Frango, Fnigor. 
And see 'Hx^. (3) B. kA(w, to rout an army. 

KAoir^, theft : icA^irrw, K^/rAoiro. 

KAoToirevcd^ to spin out time by false pretences. — Soft 
for KAoToiTfi^, (as for softness h49oiKa for UBoiAOj) 
from icAoT^, hp oirds : Steal away the time by words. Or 
transp. for KAoiroreiiw, simply from icAoir^. (a) As 
the reverse of 6vTixa for SvOfia, for icAvroire^, from 
Kkvrds : To use splendid, fine words. 

KA^wv, a wave : KAy<r/ii^s, surge.— B. k\^C"$ ^- 
KAi/Soy, K€ffAv<rfuu. 

KA^^o), to dash, wash.— 'A word obviously formed 
in imitation of the sound:* Dnn. 'From the sound :' 
Lenn. (2) B. icA^, to make an audible noise. 
(3) B. K€AA0, K€A», f kAcw, f kA^, to drive (against), i. 

KA^, to hear, listen ta KXvrhs, famous.—' KA^, 
KAt^ff, are akin : KA/», to render famous [or as KaA«u, 
to call to] : KA^, to hear sucli report:' Dnn. As from 
Av$^, the voice, is Audio to hear a vdce. Or say, To 
learn by report. Damm says: 'To be called, from 
ffoAcw, K\4w : then to hear.' 

KAo»§^s, a bird-cage. — R K\€lo», K4K\oia, ^KXotSht^ 
KXuehSf to shut in : as KXoi6s, Note koAoBO:S. (2) 

* Hebr. kleb, wicker basket:' Wr. 

KXt&(a)f K^fcAwxa, from the sound, as Glocio, to chchf 
cktckf as said of hens and daws. And ' to expel from 
the theatre by a sound made in striking the palate whea 
pronouncing KA:' Scap. * 

KAc60a>, KAe^iew, to spin, wind yam. — As Bc^pcS* 
du, •PflSflwF, ItdfOiov, To spin is * to draw out into 
threads'. (Dr. J.), and Kar-i^Tw is * to draw out, to 
spin', (Dnn.); so KXdtBw, from ir^AA», jteAfi, ff^^w, 
f irA£, to drive (out into threads). (2) Our word cloth 
is observable. 

KA«/Aa|, or KfN»/Aa(, * heap of stones, rocky place :' 
Ldd.— R k>Jm, k\Q, to break : as Bumpo, Bupes, and 

KAfiby, as KAcCSof and KA^/xa, from KXduy k\v, A 

K\<pbs, for K\ot6s. 

KAttKTT^p, thread,— ^spindle. ^-B kA(^», kckA&k 

KXiaipj a thief : kA^ittw, kckAoito. 

Kfirirhs, wrought.— B. KdfivVy ^Kafi4uj fKftw, to 
labor at. 

KvdfiTTUt ■= yvdixTrco, 

Kvdirrw, to scratch, scrape, as Kvdu, to tease, card 
or comb wool, mangle, &c Hence Ki^o^^c^s, a fuller, 
and Kvd^oSf the teasel. 

KydffmXXoVy wool clipped off by fullers in dressing 
cloth, used for stuffing pillows. — Above. 

Kvciw, KyaiWf Kvrjfxi, Kini0», Kpioo, Kyi(u^ Kva8l(AA», 
Xya6Uf to scrape, grate, scratch, tickle. — ' Kevaaij says 
Dnn., ' is aor. L infin. of ^k4w the same as Kevriv* 
From this obsolete ^K4vtc was f Kevdw, Vi»Au ; f KcWw, 
tKi^fw, Kvf f« ; tK«i^, Ki^. (») * Our gnaw, Sax. 
gnagan, Swed. gnaga, Welsh cnoi; with Irish cnagh 
consumption :' Wbst. (3) * Hebr. KNA, to eat into, 
corrode :' Pkh. 

Ky4^s, darkness. — Allied to N^0iml as T in Tv6^ 
^05, K in Kr{nros, So Kfi4\t$poy is ramphylian for 
M^Aa^poi^. (2) * Hebr. gnaph, darkness :' Dr. Jones s 

* gnephj says Wright. 

Ky^0» : in Kydeo. 

KifffKoSf the bastard-saffron, 'agreeing with the thistle 
in most of its charactere,' (Johns.) and prob. therefore 
from Kvdo9j iKi^Ka, to scratch, whence Kydpof, 'the 
teasel used to card cloth, and a carding comb,' Ldd. 

KvriKhs, pale yellow, the color of the dye of the above t 
said ' of the goat and the wolf ; hence the goat is called 
Kv&Kwv :' Ldd. — Above. 

KjrfifJLii, ' the part of tbe I^ between the knee and- 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



*nkle, — the leg, — sfwke of a wheel, &c.:' Ldd. — *R. 
Kvdxo^ ^Kvri/jLcu. Prop., what is hard, and easy to scrape: 
thence applied to the hard bone of the tibia :' Hemsterh. 

Kmifils, a boot for the Kv^/xt?. 

KmifihSf part of a mountain rising from its foot, as 
the KJ^/iri from the foot. * So Uovs (pes) and np<i-iroi;s 
are nsed of the lowest parts of a mountain:* Ldd. 
Compare A64>oSy Aeipri, 

KvtSTj, a nettle : R. Kvl(t0, ?icW5a, to tickle, chafe. 
So Ktrfiipri is the itch, from Kpdu. 

Kpl(a> : in Kvdot, 

Kvirhs, Kyiipbs, ^Kvuphsj stingy. — R. Ktfi(a, to 
scrape : Scraping, as a Scrap in Norfolk. (2) * Com- 
pare our Nip, Snip ;' Ldd. 

Kt'to-a, Kvhaa, pungent smell or steam from fat or 
flesh burning. — B. ici^tfw, o-w, to make to itch. 

Kvli^, lirbsy an emmet which gnaws figs. — Allied to 

Kjf6ri, Ionic of Xvifi?. 

KuArif Kudos, KvoSs, grating noise of an axle-tree ; — 
creaking noise of shoes. — R. Kyda or •\kv4u), f iK^oa, to 

KvS, a mote. * Thus O&Si kvv, not a jot. As rpv 
from 7pvf«, so Kvv from kv{>(oi. Some say, not so much 
as a nail could scrape o£f :' Dnn. See the Nest. 

Kvv(ay the itch ; from kvvCu, xyiu, KvdUf to scratch. 

Kvvidoftaif to whine, whimper, yelp. Ldd. from 
Kyu like Tpv, and Ky^(a like Tp6C<t>, to grunt. Dun. 
allies it to rdwtiai^ f Fi'tJjtuxi, formed as Tvv^, (2) R 
KifvUf Kvda : I. e. to cry out in a grating manner. 

Kvv(6a, to disfigure ; prop, as Kvdu, Kvia, to scratch, 
«law. — Ldd. 'from kvvos, the itch, scurvy; and so to 
make scabby.* Or from 

Kvuo), to scratch, Kpdu. 

KpdSaXov, any wild dangerous animal. — 'As Sxciv- 
lid\oy. For KWtiSaXoy from kivu : from its power of 
motion :* Bochart. So Ldd.: ' Like Kivd^rrof.^ — But 
perh. from Kvduj Kvuy 'to scratch, tear, rend, hack,' 
Grove : as AcCkos from BdKvu, So Kvioy^ is used by 

Kpti^c^, iron pin or pivot. — 'Allied to Kj'c6S»i':* Salm. 

Kp(obovTfSj two projecting teeth on the blade of a 
hunting spear ; sing, point of a sword. — R kvu, to 
graze ; oidvres^ teeth. Or Kev6s : KevdSovs is found : 
Having a hollow space between the teeth. 

Kv^au^ to nod, slumber, — to sleep soundly, to snore, 
say Hesych. and £ust Hence Damm from fcvaw, Kua ; 
To send out a grating unpleiisant sound in sleep. 

Kpd}^ : in Kp<iBa\ov, 

KocUcjuos, a blockheSad. — *Usu. deriv. from kou, 
iiXeos = ii\4oSj Ldd. Missing of perception. Above. 
And so Dnn. See Koda, 

Koc^ Koii^, comic imitation of the croaking of frogs. 

Koaw> Ko€w, to have perception, understanding. — 
Allied by Dnn. to 'Akouw, IJKoa, iucfiKoOf to hear, ap- 
prehend, understand. , Thus Tpfrffopiu for *Eyprjyop€a. 

Kifici^oSf 'one who lives by flattery, jesting or knavery :' 

Dnn. : * an impudent rogue : K66dXotf a set of mischiev- 
ous goblins :' Ldd. — R. *c^Tr«$,an idle talker : -fKdiraAos, 
(Z) For K(Jf aAoj, (as ndBr)^,) from Kodu ; A knowing 
one. (3) *Hebr. kobcU, to receive:* Dr. Jones. A 

^^XH} a shell-fish, muscle, cockle, — anything hol- 
low, concave or convex, as the hollow of the ear, of the 
eye, the knee-pan ; boss of a shield, case round a docu- 
ment-seal. — Allied to ToyyitXas, rouijd ; KoIXos, hol- 
low ; Xalva, to be hollow ; Kww. to contain, &c. (2) 
Lenn. thinks K a prefix as in Kaptrd\tfios, and derives 
from ^xofMif Sx«j t^X'/i ^hxVj (as AoFxavw), from its 
adhering to rocks. 

K6yxo5, boss of a shield, — upper part of the skull, — 
a bean boiled in the shell or pod, which appears a kind 
of shell, as opposed to bruised beans. — Above. 

Koyxv^tou, cockle or muscle yielding a purple dye ; — 
the dye. — R. k^xv- 

KodpttPTTiSf the Lat quadranSy quadrantis. 

Ko€w : in Kodu. 

K6dopvos, a buskin : i. e. ' a kind of half boot, coming 
to the mid^leg *, (Dr. J.) : other boots coming up to the 
thigh or hip. Hence KdOopyos means ' cut short, cur-' 
tailed', as explained in KdOovpos, The termin. much aa 

K6dovpos, ' a drone-bee, wanting a tail or sting :' Dnn. 
— Euphon. for KSrovpoSj (as perh. in avBeinns 2.) from 
k6ttu, Kdm-Uj to mutilate, odpd, the tail : agreeing with 
K6K'0vpos, curtailed of its tail. Eustath. explains Ko- 
0ij9 by BKaB-q, (2) Tzetzes explains it as Keidwp 
hiding its sting in its oifph tail : from perf. mid. KfKovOa, 
as eixiiKOTda, And KOTdovpos is found in Suidas. 

Kot Kot, sounds imitative of the squeaking of young 

KoiKvXKUy to look staring like a boobj. — Dnn. from 
Kot, and K^\a (as TitiKa) the hollows of the eyes : With 
eyes as stupid as a pig's. — But perh. only redupl. from 
KitKa, as Uoiw^u, VLaifuiu, (2) R. KvXiw to roll. 

Koi\la, the hollow of the belly, belly, &c. — any hol- 
low. — From 

KoZ\o J, hollow. — 'Allied is TiuaXov: compare Kt5A- 
\os and Kt^w :' Dnn. ' For K6tXos from the prim, f k({o«, 
for which they said also xdos, a cavity, Lat. cavus :' 
Hemsterh. So KcudSaSj Kouap, Xaivto, Xdos, &c. (2) 
' Hebr. khcUf to perforate :' Mrt. ' Hebr. keh^ hollow : ' 
Wr. Some compare our Coil. 

Koifidcoj KoifiiCuj to cause to rest, put to sleep. — Al- 
lied to Kfifioi : through f K€(», ficcKot/xai, ^KfKonou, 
whence Koirri. 

Koivhsj common. — For Koiyhs from ^k4u, Ktifjuu^ f kc- 
Koa, Hoifjidco : Laid down amidst or between : ' in medio 
positus', proposed or exposed to all. Tlaai Tpo-Ktlfifvos, 
says well Varin. (2) Dnn. allies it to "Evvhs, i. e. <tkvv6s. ? 

Koip6uj to defile, i.e. make Koivbv, ' common or un- 
clean' Acts la. 28. 

Koivwyhsj a partner. — R. Kotvds, as Tla>y6s, 

KoToSf Ionic of Tloios, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



KolpoamSf a chief, prince. — For ^kSpeofos (as koIic^A- 
Kccl) allied to Kdp&pos and Kvpto^ So K^pvs is the 
top of the head, and Kopv^. The Cossacks say Het- 
man for Headman. In form like oipANOX, 

KoItti^ a place to lie down in, bed, coach. And a place 
to lay things in, chest, coffer. — Allied to Kt^uu and 
Koifidu : through Ktlu, f K^Kotrat. (2) Sax. cot, our 
cot, sheep-cot. 

K6KK05f a kernel, berrr, — pill, — grain of mnstard- 
seed and com, also of the ilex famous for a worm in the 
grains which contained juice djeinc^ K6kkivov scarlet. — 
Allied to K<J7x»?, boss of a shield, &c., Toyy^\os, round, 
&c. (2) ' Hebr. kang, a circle : ' Fkh. 

K6kkv, * cry or call to a person, explained Qiuick, make 
haste : — strictly, the cry of a cucJeoo ;* Ldd. Compare 

KoKJc^l, a cuckoo, from the sound of the bird. ' Ar- 
moric coucouq. Germ, huchuck, Welsh, cog\ &c. r Wbst 
' In anatomy, the bone joined to the extremity of the qp 
sacrum ; eidled, as some think, from its resemblance to 
the beak of a cuckoo ;' Todd. Also, 'an early fig that 
ripens when the cuckoo is first heard ; — a term of re- 
proach for a libertine :' Dnn., from the cuckoo sucking 
the eggs of other birds, and laying her own in their 

JSjoicOat, forefathers. — Hesych. has Koiiica* ir&inrov, 
grand-papa. And KovKa seems nothing but the Ionic 
of n^ira or Udva, papa. So *X1 iroiro? was gods ! 
(i. e. fathers,) in the language of the Dryopes. 

KoXa§pf^», to insult, ill-treat, i. e. buffet, beat, allied 
to KoXou^iido, — Also, to dance in armor, and the dance 
is K6Xaipos : perh. from heating the ground. Hesych. 
however has K6Ka, armour, but whence this KOAA ? 

KoX&(a, to clip, mutilate, prune, punish. KdAoo-ts, 
punishment — R k6Xo5, 

K^A.a|, a parasite, flatterer. — R. k6Xov, food, as Para- 
site from Tap^, trtros com. Living at another's table. 
(2) < Hebr. cheUk, to smooth or flatter :' Wr. 

Ko\&irToi, * to strike upon, hollow by striking, — peck, 
cut with the beak i* Dnn. — Like Ko\d(a, allied to K($- 
\os battered. (2) * Hebr. keUph, to impel : ' Wr. 

K6Ka^s, a blow on the £Eice, a cuff, an affront. — B. 
KoXAxra, KfK6\cul>a, 

Ko\chs, a sheath. — * Prob. akin to KoiXos :* Ldd. 

KoXcpol, short- wooled. — B. k6\os. 

KoKerpdu, to trample on, beat, as Ko\aSpl(a. 

KtJAAa, glue, is allied by Lenn. and Damm to K^A- 
Xw, which (inter alia) means to thrust hard on, fix fast 
in. As Galen explains iy-Kd^jni in Hippocr. by iv- 
'tptlan, ^v-JTHFIHHTAI. (Steph. 4841.) Actively, 
to fix fiut, would well agree with K($AAa. (2) Allied 
to TAotA, (fKAoiA,) glue. (3) In French colle, (*) 
* Hebr. cat, complecti :' Mrt 

Ko\XtiSi(w, allied to KoKuplCu : To play a game in 
which one gives a box on the ear. 

KoAAo^os, 'the same as K6\\o^: And a kind of 
cake or roll, named from its shape,' Ldd. So 

K<{AAi|, 'a roll of coarse bread :' Ldd. As KiXJia- 

€os above. Some derive it from koXov food, 88 also 
KdAAo^os. — So KoAAupa. 

KoAAoff-^», to glue together ; from K6xXa, glue ; or 

K6\Ko\^, the CALLOUS or thick skin or the upper 
part of the neck of oxen, * of which K6Wa glue was 
made :' Dnn. I.e. from producing the KdAAa, as M^ 
Xiffffa, a bee, is by Ldd. derived from its producing 
Mc'Ai, honey. But some ally K(JAAo^ to KoA^vrw, 
As anything beaten hard and tough. — Also, the peg 
or screw of a lyre tightening the strings; for KoAA^ is 
to join fast together. And ' a machine for taming a 
wheel, analogous to the use of the foregoing:' Dnn. — 
Also, a youth who has become CALLOUS and hardened 
in vice. 

KoAAi/ffioT^s, a moneychanger, like K€p/*aT«rT^j.— 

K6Wv€os, a small piece of money, ' allied to KoXoSht, 
dipt, as Kipfia to Kcfpco,' Biem. See K4pfui, 

KoAAvpa, ' prob. much the same as K(iAAt{:* Ldd. 

KoAAi^ptoi', salve for the eye in the form of KoWupai 
round cakes. 

Ka\66ioy, under-garment with its sleeves curtailed, 

Ko\o€hs, mutilated, k6Xos. 

KoAoi^s, jackdaw. — R ic^Aov, food: As voradons. 
(2) Buttm. allies it to Ka\4w, K4\ofiaL As clamorous : 
' ut clamosos: ' Greg. Allied to KoAoirupr({f. 

KdAoc, food : i.e. battered com; from k6\os, 

K6\ov, 'the intestine. — Kust takes it to mean the 
chopped maw and intestines of meat puddings and 
sausage eaten; but Dindorf prefers the sense of beat 
until the intestines protrude:* Dnn. From K6\o5. 
(2) Some for KuKop so used: as the member, i.e. the 
largest division of the intestinal canal. 

K6\of, battered, dipt, mutilated. — R. keAAw, KdxoKa, 
to drive, thrust, as in the first sense of Drive in Dr. J., 
'to produce motion in anything by violence, as. The 
hammer drives the nail : ' Driven hard, beaten, &c. So 
IPer-cello (from k^AA«) is explained by ForoelL, * ferio^ 
percutio', to strike, beat. 

KOA022HNO:S, ' of wool : Colossian^jed. What 
this meant is unknown :' Ldd. ' So called from the 
city of KoKoffffol in Phrygia : ' Dnn. 

KoKoffffhs, a gigantic brazen statue, the Colossus of 
Rhodes. — As Neos, Ntoarahs, so K<)Aos, Ko\oa'(r6s : 
K6\o5 being understood as prim, hammered out, beaten 
out (from brass). 'Allied to KoXdirrw, tundo:* Lenn. 
(2) B. K4Wa>, KCKoXa, cello, celsus, ex-ceUo, ex-celtus, 
high. Or in the sense of ex-cello, atUe-ceOo, as '^- 
ira^Aos, surpassing, from ^K-irA^(r(r». See on KoKtwds, 

KoAoirvpT^s, noisy crowd, noise. — 'From k^AAw, [to 
call to, K^KoAa, like KcAoSos,] according to Doderlin. 
But prob. akin to KoA^bs, brawling, wrangling, allied 
to KoAoibs, a jackdaw : * Ldd. — 7,{>pu, ffiffvprcu is added 
by Ewing: ' Sweeping with a noise.* 

KoAov», to make k6\ov, to mutilate. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Ko\o<l>i»Vf completion, finish, pinnacle, summit — 
Strabo: * For the people of Colophon were so superior in 
their cavalry, that, wliprever that was present, they put 
an end to the fight and gained the victory/ Bat the 
Schol. on Plato: * For, when the votes of the 12 Ionian 
cities were equal, the Cohpkoniana gave the casting-vote.' 
K6\T0Sy any hollow, the bosom, lap, bay, creek. — 
•Akin to KdiXoj:* Dnn. And to KoAeds. (2) Dr. 
Jones as transp. for k\6kos from icA«rra>, == icoA^rrw: 
* A thing which hidet, such as the doubling of a gar- 
ment, fold; a place concealed by folds, a bosom', &c. 
K6\v9poi, testiculi. — B. koXcoI, sheaths. 
KoAv/tt^dCw, to diVe, swim.— >For icoXi^eU, (as AaM^cU 
t'tf,) allied to KoXdEirrw, to beat (the water with the 
hands.) (2) R. koXo€6s (or ficoXu§^s, as ^kT/ao,) 
from the body appearing mutilated in swimming. 

KoXxiichv, meadow-uffroD. — From Colchis in Asia, 
near Pontns. 

KoKoavhi, a hill. — In form as iroiyfiNOX It seems 
formed from niKX», K^KoXay but from the sense which 
the Latins preserve in celnu, ex-^dsus, from cello. See 
on Ko\o<rffhs 2. The compound omitted, as "Oxti is 
for "El-ox*, eminently. So "IrvSj &c Driving up. 

Ko\<p6Sf brawling, wrangling, as of so many KoAoiot 

Kofidu, to let thwK^ii hiur grow long; — and, as 
long hair was accounted a great ornament, it meant to 
plume oneself, give oneself airs. See on Kifiri. 

K6fi€os, * a scarf or band used as a girdle, and, like 
that used now by the Orientals, serving for a pocket : ' 
Dnn. Perhaps oontr. from K6<rvfieos,—* Fischer shows 
that K6n€»im and 'Ey-KSftSotfia are' said not only of 
knots and bands of knots, but of vests drawn tight by 
such: and mean generally to put on an elegant [i.e. 
Kofir^hv] vest, or one over others. Hence 1 St. Pet. 5. 5, 
'EyKOfjA^aff$€ be clothed with humility:' Schleusn. 
Hence it may be allied to Kofjo^hs, Koft^s, Ko/idw, 
*Made for the sake of ornament, from Kofuo* says Greg. 
Kofi4a, to attend to, take care of, nourish. — From 
f K«c0, pono, whence KtifuUj Koifuio», f ic^KOftai, whence 
this KofUUf and Ki$cr/ios: Pono, dis-pono, to dispose, set 
in order. (2) B. k^^; but rather the reverse. 

K6fiiif\he hair.-*R. KoiAim the hair being deemed 
worthy of peculiar care. *Comta et curiosihis culta:' 
Schleusn. So Festus explains Coma *capilhis aliqu& 
cum curft compositus.' The Greeks were called Kopi}- 
^Kofi6»WTts, (a) *Hebr. horn, to arise' : Wr. 

KofiiirriSf hairy; — Acometf with a haiiy tail : — &c 
— Above. 

Kofudp, Ko|u8i},with care, cai^ully; — thoroughly, 
altogether, quite. — R. fco/ui^o), iK6fuSov, 

KofAl{uj like Ko/Uw, to take care of, provide for, snp- 
ply. — Also ^ to carry away; attention to, care or secu- 
rity being implied:* Dnn. So Ldd. : ' To take up and 
carry away, in order to keep or save it, -* as a corpse, 
to save it from the enemy, — carry to a phice of safety.' 
(a) For tro/"f«» to carry a TS/tos, freight, 

K6fifux, the stamp or impression of a coin ; — ^the coin ; 
a short division of a period, &c. — R. k^ittw, KdHo/xfiM. 
K6tifjUf gum. — Greg, says not badly : * The dried 
tear of certain trees: is it as flowing from the Kdfifia 
incision of the tree ?' See on M«\«. (2) ' Sax. gomOf 
D. ,^0171, Russ. kamed:* Wbst. 

Kofifihs, a striking; — lamentation attended with 
beating the body, as Latin Planctns from Pkngo. — R. 
irdirrctf, icciro/i/iaf. 

KofinhSf an ornament. — R. tcofiWj to attend to. 

K6fiiros, stamping of feet, ringing of metal, any din 
or noise ; — noisy high-sounding words, vaunting. — As 
T^Mirayoy, for k6*05 from K^nrrw to stamp. Thus 
*Tir4p'Koiros and 'Tir4p-KOfnros are both found for a 

Kofnf^s, * from ico/icw: well-dressed, attired, decked ^ 
cotntua: — ele^nt, pretty, refined, aflfected:' Ldd. 

K6va€os, a ringing, clashing, din. — * Imitated from 
the sound ; perh. akin to KSfxiros:* Ldd. Or to Kovax^ 
noisy. Kova8i(» is much the same as KopaxlCu. 

K(fv8a{, K6prc^f was a game played with a peg or 
pin, from Kovrhs, which, like Palus, was so used : 
(Steph. 279 p. Not) The peg was called also K^- 

KONAT, ' a drinking-cup, a kind of measure. .A 
word foreign to Greek, probably Persian : ' Dnn. 6^ofi- 
dola is allied by Nugent. (Very rare.) 

Koi^^Xt;, a lump produced by a blow or fall. — From 

K6vlivXo5j a knuckle; — knob: — a blow with the 
fist, a cuff.— The same word produced r6w a knee and 
KSpUvXoSf just as Tafii^hs and Kofiiphs were both said. 
Dr. Johnson explains the Knuckle as the Knee joint of 
a calf: and Liddell allies ' T^w, Genu, Knee, Knuckle.' 
K6ifBv\os in form like 'XjrSyBuKos, 

Kov4»f to raise the k6vis dust, haste, wait on with 

KdptSf Kovia, 'ashes, dust, ctntv, lye for washing. 
Prob. the R ica(», to bum, xdm :' Dnn. As frow* 
Vdvos] frdu, T6vos, Burnt ashes: others say, dust 
from anything burnt. (2) R. fic^, ictloa, to cut. 
*Dust being earth reduced to the snoallest particles:' 
Greg. See Deut. 9. 21. 

K6yts^ iHosy a nit. — Allied to r6yoSf offitpring, as 
VrjfWf, K^wf. 

Koyi'cw, to know, from ko4u. Compere kSHNos, 
^(vNN^w, (rdNNaf. Found in M, Snppl. 175. ' The 
reading is dubious. Some read Ko^:' Dnn. (2) 
Qoiman Sax. ' They con to heaven the high way,' says 
Spenser. So iben, ctmntn^, can^ &c. 

Vi6wQSt the beard. — The same as V6vo$x What is 
produced: And T4vtioy. So Trjfws, Kijpv^, See k6vis 

K6pos, K6pyoSy an ear-ring. — < Allied to Kmvos, a 
cone: Anything narrowing into a sharp point :' Toup. 

K6vroSf a barge-pole, pole, pike-handle. — Damm, 
Lenu., Mrt, Ewing, &c. all join in deriv. from Kfpr4uf 
K4vTpoVy a goad, x^i^traf, to prick^ i.e. from fKcyw, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



■K^Kovtcut To stick the ground with. Or to drive on 
a boat with, for Kfiniu is also * to drive on' (Don.). 
<2) * In Norfolk called a quant:' Maltby. 

KiTa(», am tired bj laboring, — rest after labor: 
JL K&iros, 

K&iravoVj an instrument for brajing, pestle. — B. 

Koirtrhs, wailing, from kAittw, as K&wos and Kofifiis. 

KovtoTou, copiatcB (in Constantin. and Julian.), men 
who had the charge of carrying out the dead at night. 

KoituCm the same as Koird(w. 

KottU, a dagger, sword, knife, sting. — * B. Kiirru :* 

Koirls, * a festival at Sparta in which the share of 
^ach was carved for him : hence Kor((», to share in 
such a feast:' Ewing. — B. KSirrM^ whence KoirU a knife. 

HSiris, a babbler, wrangler, orator.— R ic^irrw, 'caedo 
vermones' in Terence, to chop logic. — Or icrfirroi, to 
stamp money, &c., is here to make a great noise : as in 
KSfAiros, 'din, and high-sounding words.'^-Hence Atifio- 
-K&iros, a demagogue. —-Some compare KAwrto in sense 
with Tpi€taf and Kowis with Tpi€wv, 'Ey-rpiS^s, * one 
who is well practised.' 

KAnoSt a blow, B. KSirru to beat:—- grief, from 
beating the body in grief, as K/nrrrhs, Ko/ifUis: — also 
toil, fatigue, Dnn. explaining this by'linros xSirrti rhv 
iwaMrriVf * fatigues the rider by jolting', i.e. by bump- 
ing, causing blows and wounds, and so Koir^w is to 
fatigue. Or, says Dnn., * from the sense in Hom. II. v. 
60, of urging on and so fatigumg a horse by blowsJ 
Damm from the enormous labor of anciently beating out 
com with stones: ^Fmges . .parant . . frangere sazo', 
Virg. — Then Kdiros is weariness from toil, and Koird(u. 

Konrarias, a horse marked with the Koppa, the Kcph 
of the Phoenicians, the inverted P, or our q. KdTnra in 
the alphabet stood, like our Q, between w iind p: hence, 
lis 7/ was 80, KdTnra was used for 90. 

K&wpoSf dung, dirt, — cattle-stall. — Damm makes 
it orig. shreds, minute cuttings, riff-ra£^ from fc^rrw, 
to cut. Kv\iy96fityos Kark K^irpov is explained Korh 
K6viv^ (Heyne and Steph. on U. x* 41*0 Like TiAeu 
from riWu : Excrement from £x-cemo, Ex-cemimen- 
tum. So 

. K({tt7}, chives, threads or filaments in flowers.— 
Prop, cuttings, splittings. See in K6wpos» 

Kovrij ariaofilSf a cake of pounded sesam^; and 
KoTT^ alone. *Coptam, quam tibi misit, edat:' Mar- 
tial. — From 

' KAnroff to beat, batter, stamp; — cut, chop. — For 
Kokdnrw, j(a) Allied to KAyxn* KoTXos, &c.: To 
liollow out. (3) Wbst. compares our chop, Fr. couper^ 
G. and Du. happen: Pers. and Chald. kafa, a blow. 

Kop&KioVy -({AA., coral, — * B. K6pos^ dA^s: Sprout of 
the sea : ' Becm. and Lenn. 

KApaJi, a raven, crow: ' anything hooked or pointed 
like its beak, as an engine for grappling ships, hooked 

handle of a door, instrument of torture,' Ldd. Comp. 
the senses of Gorvns and YLop^vq, — ^To KApaH Dnn. allies 
ISjapdnftit Kopttvis, Cwmts, from ,the shape of the bill. 
Thus also Kcpas, Xophs, Tvpos\ && (2) B. icctpw, 
K^Kopo, ' to eat up, devour', (Dnn.) so iiiithv Ktiporrts 
II. ^. 204, Damm explains &-wA^0t»s i(r$lovT€s, An 
"Apiro^. (3) B. Kopiu^ to glut. (4) Lenn. from the 
sound: nop Kop, (8) Our croWy &c.— 'Hebr. korang, 
to rend:' Wr. 

K<5pdo(, a kuid of wanton dance ; danced^ Bmnck 
thinks, to a rope or cord. — Perh. from KpSros^ noise by 
stamping : Kp&ra^t ^K6pra^, K<Jp^> as menTior, menTax, 
menDaz. Compare A6pirov, 

KopSAxrij a club, cudgel, — bump, tumor. ' * As 
Kopinnfi:' Mrt. With a big K6pvs or Kopw^ top. 
Some from Ktipctf KiKoprraii A club cut off, as Kopfids, 
But KopHkri is also a head-dress, evidently allied to 
K6pvs and Kdpa. 

Kopf iw, stuprare K6priv» 

fKApcM, KopiwUfUj to satisfy, satiate. — >Prop. to 
carry to a K6pvSt Kkpt head, like Kopiaaw, Kopv^uw, 
and KapaySa, (2) B. Ktipto, KtKopa, to devour, whence 
better the subst KApos^ satiety, and then Koput, 

Kop4Uf to sweep, dean, take care of. — I.e. to clean 
with a K6pos broom. (2) B. Ktlpct, KtKopa, to cut off: 
as Cdlp, (fcoA«((»,) is * to clip, pmoe, trim, dress, take 
care of: Forcell. 

K'^pV, KoApTij a little girl.— B. xdpos, as Puer, 
Puella: Some however from Kop4Mf to sweep the house, 
or to take care of it — Also, Uie pupil of the eye, as 
Pupa, Pupilla, Pupil : images of beholders being seen in 
the eye like little girls. — Also, the drachma, as bearing 
the image of the Virgin Minerva. (Steph. p. 294.) — 
Also a long sleeve reaching to the hands: perh. allied to 
Kopv^ * the finish' (Dnn.) i.e. a finish to the vest : — 
or to Kopinran * to equip, array.' But ? 

K^pt;, Proserpine, the K($pfr daughter of Ceres. * The 
two are often mentioned together, as Mirrpl (Matri) koX 
rf Kovpf?:' Ldd. 

Kop^, as KopAffffu, to raise up. And K6pOvs, a 

Kopl(ofuu, * to act like a K&pri maiden, fondle: ' Dnn, 
< To caress a Kdpop or K6pfiv* : Schrevel. 

K6ptSj a bug. — B. Ktlpv, KiKopa^ * to eat to satiety/ 
(Damm on IL A. 659). Or Kop4ot to glut. * B. iccl/w, 
scindo: ' Mrt 

KopKopvyiij a rumbling, grumbling of the bowels: — 
From the sound nhp Khp^ as from fihp fibp was Bop- 

KopfihSf trunk of a tree.— B. Kcfpw, Kixopfuu: Lopped 

K6pvwp, a locust or gnat — Formed prob. like K6pis. 
(Used only once.) 

KSpoSf Kovpos, a lad, boy. ^ Usu. referred to icc£pw, 
[xcKopaJ : strictly onewho is just beginning to shave :' Ldd. 
We say commonly ' a young shaver.' — K6pos is also a 
shoot, sprout, scion, and this may be the original sense: 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



As cut or lopped off, like KopfiSs: and KXAu, KKiiSos, 
— ■ Also, a broom of K6pwy young twigs. — Also the 
Hebrew word for a dry measure in the 0. T. and N. T. 

K6p<ni^ KSfprij ' the side of the fore-head, plur. the 
temples: B. Kdpa:* Ldd. And the hair on the temples, 
in which sense it is thought allied to 

K6p<niSj one who cuts his hair and keeps it short. — 

K KtiptO, KtKOptTCU, 

Kop{f€aSf curroSf a priest of CybeW. — * R Kopinrrca, 
iK6pu€oVj to strike with the horns, toss the head, as 
they did when beating their timbrels and dancing:' 
Forcell. (2) R. x^pus, a helmet, jScbr, as AvKd€a5 : 
Going helmeted or armed. (3) As affected in the K^pus, 
head, prop, crown of the head: frenzied. (4) Servins 
from K6pvoVj a mountain in Cyprus, bearing brass. 

KdpvtoSy K6pvs^ the crested lark: its tuft resembling 
the crest of a K6pvs helmet. 

K6pu(a, a cold in the nSpvs head, running of the 
nose: — drivelling, stupidity, as B\4vya, 

KopvfieoSf like K6pvs, head, top, peak, high curved 
stem of a ship, cluster of fruit and flowers on the top of 
the stalks. 

KopwTjf ^ a stick with a knob at the end, club, mace: 
•— knot in trees from which the shoot springs, a bud, 
shoot, flower-stalk. B. iropvs : ' Dnn. 

Kopvirrw, to butt with the xJpus head. 

K6pvs, the crown of the head, — a helmet with a 
horse-hair crest — crested lark. — 'It belongs to the 
original xdpa, the head:' Dnn. Or curved like a K4pas 
horn. So KopwvhSj curved. (2) K. Ktlpw, KtKopa, to 
shear the head. 

Kopiffffu, to raise to a Kopvi head, make to rise up 
And swell, of a wave; — raise the head threateningly, of 
a bull. — Also, to furnish with a KSpus helmet; gen. to 
arm, equip, furnish. 

Kopv(piij head, top, principal point: like K6pus. 

Kopvip6ci)f to bring to a head, accomplish. — Above. 

Kop<&v€W5f epith. of a fig, of a raven-gray color, from 

Kopdnni, a sea-crow; — a kind of crow, perh. the daw. 
' Anything hooked or curved like a crow's bill ; esp. the 
handle on a door by which it was shut; later also, like 
Kdpa^j a knocker; — the tip of a bow, on which the bow- 
string was hooked; gen. the end, tip; — the curved stem 
of a ship; — tip of the plough-beam : ' Ldd. * The acute 
process of certain bones, from a fancied resemblance to 
the crow's beak:' Dnn. — R. Kopavhs^ curved or bent. 
(a) * Crown, Irish corvin, Wei. coron. Armor, cwruni' 
Wbst* * Hebr. heren, horn :' Wr. 

Kopoavidw^ to arch the neck, be proud. — And 

KopwvXst *a wreath or garland, corona; — curved line 
or stroke with the pen at the end of a book, chapter, &c . 
•— the end, completion, — the topmost member of a 
building, our cornice:' Ldd. * The lower circle of the 
javelin, which used to be fitted to the string to keep it 
from missing its aim:' Hemst. — R. Kop^vrj, 

KoptoybSf curved, bent. — Allied to Tvpos, Kcpay, 
XopbSf Kvprds. 

KSffKtvoVj a sieve. — For f«(J/f ivo? (as l^xoO* ^dupL 
from Kittf, do, Kiviw, ^kokIu, to move about. See Kloaa, 
Kurodf. Redupl. as in KoxvSfot. And 

KooKvXfjdTiOj parings of leather. — For foKOffKvK-' 
fAdna redupl. from (TKt/AAa;, to skin or rend. — Some 
add /CW5, a skin. 

K6(rfios, order, arrangement ; — beautiful order, deco- 
ration, elegance; — the world, as well ordered and 
arranged, as Mundus adj. and subst. Hervey says : 
' The Greeks, those refined judges of things, called the 
World by Beauty.' — R t**'"» ^tctKocrfiou, to place, 
'K€tficu, So KofAiw. (a) R. KdCu, KfKaofMi, KCKourrai. 
(3) *Hebr. KSM, to trim :' Pkh. *Arab* KSM, to 
distribute:' Jones. 

K6o(ros, a box on the car. — R kStttu, iccJttw, 
f iccJcrcra), to strike. 

KScraoSf Ion. of USoaos, 

K6avfji€os, the edge, border, fringe, fastening of a 
tunic when tucked up. — 'R K6pvfi6os or K6fA€osi': 
Dnn. But how ? Bather, as Koftew from f /ceico^ou, so^ 
K6<tv/jl€os (in form like /cdpTMBOS.) from ffce/coaot 
perf. p. of f /c€ctf, Kfifxcu, jaceo, ad-jaceo, to lie near or' 
upon. See k6Tos from ^k€k<iTcu, And see KSofios, 
Compounds are often omitted as in "Irvs, BrjfAO. 

K6toSj gradge, rancor; allied by Ldd. to XdKos, anger, 
i.e. through x<^f*^^i or fx^^A***** t'f^X*""** : — but 
rather from t*^*i ficfKorai, KUfiat, as lying deeply 
seated in the mind, *in im^ mente repostus,' Virg. 
* Anger resteth in the bosom of fools ;' Eccles. 7. 9. 
Espec. as in *A\K6-Koros, &c. k6tos seems to mean 
inherent disposition. 

KSrra, the head. — * Akin to KSptnij K6f^, Kd^^o:' 
Ldd. KSpooy "fKSffffCLy kStto, 

KSrTaios, a game played by flinging from a cup the 
remains of liquor into a basin on the floor, and trying to 
produce the most sound. — R. K«Jirr», f fcdrrw, to knock. 

Korrdyrif a fishing instmment: perh. to catch the 
K(Jtt6i. (Only in ^Uan, N. A. 12. 43.) 

Karros, a fish, the bull's head or chub: R K^rra, 

KoruAf}, a hollow vessel, cup, measure. — ' Derived 
from, or akin to KcJtto or KoIXos : ' Dnn. And K(<7x'7» 
Ko\€6s. (a) Mrt. from f* ***» t''^**"'***» 'c**/*«* J in 
which things are placed. 

KoTv\riBi»v, like Kot6\7j, hollow of a cup, •— socket 
of the hip-joint, — * plur. the hollows forming suckers 
on the feelers of the polypus : ' Dnn. 

KOTT2, a goddess of debauchery, and KotvtoS. — 
Perh. from Kolrri, ' sexual intercourse' (Dnn.). (Very 

Kovp^a shaving: from iC6tp», KCKopa. And Kovpfhs, 
a barber. 

Kovpt&Tis 7ifA4paf th| third day of the festival *Aira- 
roitpux, on which the sons of citizens were introduced, 3 
or 4 years old, and registered. — ' Some from Kovpos, a 
boy; — others from Kovph, as the child's hau: is said to 
i haye been cut on that day:' Ldd. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Ko6fniT€Sj * anned Kovpoi youths:' Dnn. 
K0TPHTE2, * CureUs, inhabiting Pleuron in ^tdia 
II. 9. 529 : — a Cretan tribe, devoted, like the Cory- 
bantes, to the worship of Cjbele: ' Dnn. 
KovpoSf a boy, K6pos, 

KowpoSf light. — For f k^s from icifirrw, kcko^ to 
beat or hammer ont: Beaten out thin and light, kcjcoju- 
ti.4yos, i\fi\afi4pos. Compare *E\axvs. So Ku^s 
from Komat is ' invalidns, ioefficax:' Stepb. (2) Lenn. 
allies it to KoIXos, hollow, i.e. empty. In form as 
V64>ys. (8) Wr. from Hebr. kooph, hollow. 

K6<^iyos, a basket, hamper, measure. — *B. Kov^r,^' 
from its lightness : or R. KirrrUf W/co^a, as made of 
cattings or twigs of trees:' Pkh. and Ewiug. (2) 
Wbst compares onr cqffin, and coffeVf Irish hofroy 
Welsh cofcnor, from cof, a hollow trunk. * Hebr. KPH, 
cavitas:' Bos. 

K6x^cii, * the same sense as Kdx^v^i a pebble, esp. 
on the sea-shore:' Dun. Perhaps though of distinct 
origin, and (like KOxvScw) redupl. from fcAd», to break. 

KoxA^as, cochUOf snail with a spiral shell; — a spiral 
stair ; — screw. And 

K6x^oSt shell-fish with a spiral shell; — also a 
cockle, — *R. KSx^d^t to turn, twine or twist round:* 
Schrevel. ' And this perh. from [or allied to] K^icAos, 
a circle:' Greg. So Wbst. compares Wei. cocos, Ir. 
coccioj 'prob. from the same root as Sp. cocar, to 
wrinkle, twist, Engl, cockle^ to shrink or pucker, Ir. 
coachcUmf to fold.' (2) ' From the K6xos ^uice in it:' 
Mrt : K6xos meaning ^abundans humor.' See the Next. 
(3) With K prefix, as in Kapvdhifws, * from (^X'^fuu, 
uxa, to stick (to the rocks):' Lenn. 

Kox^ft), Koxv$«», Ho flow down profusely or with 
noise. B. x'^ [redupl.] : ' Dnn. 

Koxfi^f^f the joining of the haunch with the buttocks. 
— Dnn. allies it to K6kkv^; better Lenn. redupl. for 
X^t^i for X"^^ from fx^* X^i"i * <»P*»o, excipio,' to 
take on. So Dnn. himself understands it in the sense of 
*a drunken woman' 'for X^n;', a ' funnel', met. one 
that pours down her throat. 

Kpd6aT05f KpdSi.f grabatua^ a couch, pallet-bed. — 
* B. Kph.^ the head, jScUv, [iS^tf, a hose or support,] : 
On which the head rests' : Lenn. * A bed to rest on:' 
Forcell. Simply a bed without conveniences. 

KpaJdAa, -alvw, to shake, brandish. — Some from the 
palpitations of the Kpabia heart: others reverse this. 
(2) Some from KpdSrij *the twig at the end of a 
branch': others with Ldd. reverse this. (3) 'Welsh 
crydf a rocking, Ir. creatkan, to shake, Heb. KRDj to 
tremble, and our cradle:* Wbst. 

Kp6j6rii ' from KpaSw ; The quivering twig at the end 
of a branch, esp. of fig-trees; — a fig-tree: — a blight in 
fig-trees:' Ldd. — Others revei^ this, and ally KpdZri 
to KAoSos a branch, as /cP^irrw for f icA^irra. 

KpaSia, the heart. — B. KpaScEw, to shake, from its 
palpitations. (2) For Kophia, (3) B. Kdpa^ Kpd. : as 
the head or fountain of vitality. 

KpdSoSf disease in figs, &c. : KpdSri. 

KJpd(fl», to croak, scream, screech, cry, bawl. — *An 
imitative word like Kp^iu:* Dnn. From the sound jcpci 

Kpaipa^ Kpcuouyw, like KapaySn, to bring to a firpck, 
Kdpa head, fulfil, accomplish. •— Also, to be at the head, 
reign over: — to come to a particular end, result in. 
(2) B. iff>€«, (jcpitaVy ruling,) KpalvUj as *W«, '9alvw, 

Kpauird\% a swimming cS the head after excess, 
head*>ache. — Like Kp^-8c/Ayov: from ledptj^j t'^P^ with 
the head: ira\Aa», iraA», to shake, palpitate. 

Kpaiirvhsj rapid. Le. headlong, from k^, «rp^, with 
the head. Compare KifiSaxos. (2) For Kpanfbs^ 
transp. for ^KopnvhSf « Kap/wd\iiM>s» Transp. as Aep- 
KOixaif ApdKwy, 

Kpaipa, a horn. — B. xepos, a horn, xipaoSf f Kpaos, 

KpS/Ao, KpSfftSjti mixture;— craMi.—B. iccpdw, Kpdu. 

Kpdfi€oSj dry, parched, shrivelled: — dry-sounding, 
clear, loud. Allied to Kpcofohs and KpaSpos, *B. 
Kdpa, ficpti, [as K\afji66s'\: not level, but split into many 
tops and surfaces :* Lenn. So Damm: 'Having many 
heads and rising places, rough.' See Kpcatads. — And 
so Kpdfiifij cabbage, is referred by some to Kph, * capi- 
tata.' Indeed a species of the Brassica is called * capi- 
tata.' (2) B. Ktpas, Hard as a horn.- See Kpavp6s. 

KpeufoAsy rugged, rocky, hard. — ' B. Kpwov:* Dnn. 
Full of peaks and crags. See above. (2) B. K4pas, 
a horn. 

Kpd^iov, KpayoVy the skull of the ndpa, fxp^, head. 

Kpdvov, KpdyfMt the comeil-tree. — In Latin Comus 
from Comu, whence Turton from KtpaSj fxpc^T, a horn. 
' From the hardness of its wood; allied to KpcofoSs :' 

KpdvoSy helmet for the head, formed as Kpdvioy, 

KpavrripcSf the wisdom-teeth: as completing the set. 

— B. Kpaivoty KtKpamat. 
Kp^Sf KparbSf as Kdpaj '\Kdparos, Kdpvjros, head, top, 


Kpdffir^oyy edge, border, rim, bank. — -The old deriv. 
was for Kpefjuia-v^ovy B. Kp^fxAu, ir&ioyi Hanging to 
the ground. 2, as t%x^^' (2) Dr. Jones: ' The KfAs 
head or end of a garment towards the weSov ground.' 
(3) Doderl. allies iib to Kpnynls, Dor. KpanXs, T^s, a 
bank. 1 as ^:SxoK (4) Dnn. and Wr. from iSacpos, 
fc^ov. But the A before 2 ? 

YipdffrtSy like Tpdffris, 

K/>ar€vrou, supporters, the frame on which a spit 
turns. — From 

KpaT6», to have Kpdros power over. 

Kpar^py a vessel in which wine and water or spices 
are mixed. — B. Ktpdwj icck^toi, KiKparai. 

Kpdros, dominion, power, authority, might, strength. 

— *Akin to Kpks, the head, summit:' Dnn. Head- 
ship. 'B. Kpeto, Kp4cjy*: Mrt ' B. Kpalyco or Kpttaz or 
Kdpa, Kphj the head :' Greg. Kpalvta supposes 'fKpdu, 
as Baiya, -fBdao: then Kpdros f as 'f'Xrdu, ISrvcr^s. (2) 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



Ewing from Kifms^ 'fKpds, Graden: 'The Scriptnre 
mentions the horn as the symbol of strength* 

Kpatry^, vociferation. — B. Kp4.(u, Kpay&. So 

KpQuuyhs,. a wood-pecker. — Above. From its shrill 

KpavpiiSj dry, hard. — Jones makes it *homy' from 
K4paSj which could make f icepap^r, as Ftpas, V9pap6s : 
then ^KpapbSf Kpavp6s, (2) B. Kdlpo, "ficpit, as in 
KpdiJi€os and Kpayads, 

KpiaSj flesh, piece of meat. — Heyne from ypduy to 
eat, as TrjpvSj K^pvf. (2) B. KflpWy Ktpw, '\Kp€&. 
Thus Homer: Tvrrt hrap "EKBIPON, * depascebantur' 
(Damni). And Arifibp Ktlpovrts, — Or, as a piece of 
meat, from Ktipto^ to cut or dip off. So (3) * Hebr. 
i:/2ir, tocut:*Pkh. 

KpuoVf meat-tray, dresser. — B. Kpias. 

KpeiaffuVf Kpiaawy, = Kpiffffwv from Kparifs^ strong, 
as Badhsy Bdur<rtDV, Or at once as a compar. from Kptwv 
as follows. 

Kpelwvt Kp4ofu^ ruling, ruler. — » ' B. prob. lepikf^ the 
head, Kpaivw: Akin is Kpiiaawv x* Dnn. Batlier, from 
obs. ficpecv, fKp(ia>, KpaJvai all from icdpo, ffcpti 

K/>€K(£5ia, curtains. — *B. Kp4iw/ Ldd. So all. 
From the web being well struck. K/>^icw, says Brunck, 
is not only said of the beating of string-instruments, but 
of the beating and thickening of the web. 

Kf «KM, to kriock, strike with the shuttle or plectrum. 
— Schneid. alUes it to Kpou», Kpoaivotj Kporito, (a) 
Dr. Jones from the harsh sound, and compares our creak; 
Wbst. tlie Welsh creciafif to crash, Buss, crih, a cry. 

KpefxaOpa, a basket hung up to keep provisions in. 
■»— From 

Kptfjuuoj Kptfid^inifu, to hang up. -— Hemsterh. from 
Kp4vf ^KCKpefjuu, Kptluy (See Kptlav^) to be at the 
head : i. e. actively, to make a thing to be at the head of 
or cAove another. Thus Suspendere sedificium is ' in 
aUum SUFEB arcus exstruere', (Forcell.). Pliiiy: 
' Allium SUPEB prunas suspendere.* (2) B. txposy 
high, f &Kpc/tt^s, (as *ApTCfi^s,) allied to *AKp4fiuy, 

Kpifj^dKov^ Castanet. — As rifiHwaitov^ — for KpiSa- 
Xov, from ^ol. ficplirw, crqx)^ whence- cr^ttocu^Mm, =: 
KpefiSaXov. See in Kprivls. 

^pH* g> Kpfxhs, the bird rail, or some such. — From 
the sound. Wbst. compares our crake, * Its cry is 
very singular, crek crek:' Eno. Brit. 

K/»^7vof , ' good, useful or agreeable:* Ldd.— Brought 
by Arnold on II. a. 106 from laip^yalM^ f^auoi, [whence 
ToSipos,'\ for f K^pywoj. (a) Bather from irijp, x^i as 
in Homer 'EXT0H oi Bv^s, *His mind overflowed with 
joy', (Ldd.): fKpffixvos, Kfrifyvos. (3) Some ally it to 
XPHo-t6s, XPH<r*/Lior. 

Kp^Se/u'ov, head-band. --« B. Koprn b> ndpOf Stat 

Kpiifunjfii, = Kpffxdu. 

Kprifxphs, hanging cliff, crag, precipice: 'pendula 
rupee,' Claud. ^ sazis . snspensa rupes,' Virg« — B. jcp^ 
lufrifit, to hang. 

Kp^ni, a fountain. — B. Kdprij icp^, 'caput aquas,* 
Hor. Ewing from ndprivov. 

KpTjvls, <5oy, a foundation, basement, — 'walled edge 
of a river, a quay, which resembles the basement of an 
altar,' &c, : Ldd. — As the shore is called 'FiryfJi^v from 
Mry^t^h * as on it the sea breaks with loud noise', 
(Dnn.) so Kpiprb, «the bank of a river', (Dnn.) from 
f Kp^ir», erepo, (See in Kp4f*Sa?<oy,) Mol of Kpinw^ (as 
KiKoSf ^KvUos, luPus,) to strike, knock. So K/mkj^, a 
beach, is Arom KpiKw, (2) Lenn. from ^tcpdu^ Kpaivm, 
KpdroSf from its strength in supporting. (3) Allied to 
SioypiwTw, f <Ticp^», to lean upon. As K^artros for 

Kprprls, I8oj, crepida^ a soldier's boot or shoe, — a 
soldier. — Solea, 'a sort of open shoe, ^Xwl^iov^ 'Tir6' 
IhifiOy K/njirls,' (Foroell.) is from SoIutHj which, though 
meaning the Sole of the foot, meant prim, like Kpi^irls 
a foundation. Thus this Kpiptls and the preceding 
seem allied. 

KprifftpOf a sieve : Lat. cr»&rton, which, says Forcel- 
lini, is *from cemOj CREvi^ for CREbrum:' rather 
CREvibrum, CRE^ivm, And whence this CREvi ? 
From the same root as KPHo-cpo, i.e. Keipv, ictpw, 
t#cp€«, t«M<^»» t««P^"t W^^> >^P^v»* *to separate', 
(Dnn.) whence through ^Kipvm is cenw, «a-cerwo, to 
SIFT. Thus Martin is right at last, who says: ' Yipn* 
ffip'a from Kpivw' Compare Tf)f§« from Ttipta, 

Kpiia<p&y€T0Vj an asylum. — From Kpj^», Trrhs, ipvyfi : 
A refuge /rowi Minos the Cretan, Schrevel. says : * An 
asylum belonging to Minos the Cretan\ Dnn. says : 
' An asylum for the Cretan, — Others from Kprjs for 
KpdsJ A flying for one's head or life. 

KpnriC^i to deceive as a Cretan, Tit. 1. 12. 

KfnrrucoVj a Cretan vest. 

KpTyrtKov fiehos^ Kp^fTUcds ^v9/ji6s or irovy, 'the 
Cretan rhythm or foot, the invention of which is re- 
ferred to the Cretans :* Stepb. The Cretan foot or 
Cretic is.-v-. 

Kf»7, Kpia^, barley. — Pkh. says from Eustathius : 
' From Kplvtttj to separate : for the grains of this com 
grow a^mrate from each other in the ears.' 'The 
holm is more jointed and divided tkm in wheat :' Greg. 
But better for this reason : ' Barley is the most difficult 
of all the species of com to save in a precarious harvest : 
and usually requires more labor in threshing and dress- 
ing, partic. in s^arating the awns from the grain, for 
which a hummeliing^machine is sometimes added to the 
threshing-mill :* Enc Brit. (Z) Battm. allies it to 
KptJoj,*Oicpu(J€is, as Hordeum from Horridum, Hordum, 
from the beards on the ears. And so 'Ajcoo-t^ from 

*Atcfi.— N.B. The absence of deriv. from foreign 

sources in this word is remarkable. 

KplSavos, pot or pan to bake bread in.— B. icp«, f/Sd- 
yos, fiavyos, oven. See BANai;<rof. 

KpiO»t {«* Kp»ie«, to creaky screech, squeak. — *Akui 
to Kjwifw, Kp«Sii».' Ldd. 

Yipiih : in iipu 

DigiJ^ed byL^OOQlC 



' KpLOuWf said of a horse eating bailej too greedily, 
Bufiering in body from it, or waxing wanton. — Above. 

KpUcoSf the same as Kip/cos. 

KplKu, the same as Kpl^w. 

KpZ/io, judgment, &c. — B. Kpbw, K^Kpifuu, 

Kplfufoify barley (Kp<), spelt and wheat coarsely 
ground.— Nearer for KeKpt/x4voVy in the more Latin sense 
of cemo, * to separate the fine and good from the coarse 
and bad', (Riddle: meaning the coarse so separated. 
Dr. J. explains Bran ' the refuse of the sieve', 

Kplvotj to divide, separate, sift ; — ^judge of, so as to 
distinguish between good and bad, determine, choose ; — 
determine and decide contests ; — ^judge, condemn. Pass., 
am separated from, at variance with, contend with. — 
The first step to this is Ktiw, ' to sever', (Dnn.) then 
Kflpuy ' to cut off,' (Dnn.) kc/>w, "fxptot^ ficp^w, Kplvw, 
So Tdpw leading to Tpie<0, Trivi, Tritum. 

KpihSf a ram ; — batteiing-ram. — 'R. Ktpa^Sj homed :' 
Dnn. — Or thus : ircpa;, ficcpfCo;, t**/'**'^ t^P**** ^ ^^'' 
with the horns. 

KpiT^Sf a judge, critic : Kpivw. 

Kpoaiuot : in Kpo6u. 

Kp6Krif *the thread of the woof; — nap of cloth ; 
hence the web, tissue, cloth : — a pebble on the shore ; — 
the beach. — B. KptKV :' Dnn. Pf. mid. KexpoKo, (2) 
B. ^Kp^f Kpoaivu, Kpo^j to knock. 

KpoK($8ciAos, the crocodile, — No foreign deriv. is 
offei-ed, it seems, and we are left to our resources. I sup- 
pose it put for KpoKO'HeiStXoSy from Kp6icn, hdiw : The 
terror of the shora Goldsm. in his Hist, of Anim. Nat. 
speaks of * the crocodile that was once so terrible along 
the hanks of the Nile'. — The comm. deriv. from KpSnos^ 
liiK6s, fearfnl of saffron, seems unsupported by fact 

KpoK6fis, yellow.— From KP0K02, saffron, which 
Scheide says ' is undoubtedly called from its likeness to 
the Kp6Kaij villi textorii, weavers' threads.' Does the 
Reader consent to this ? ' The Hebr. carcom\ says 

KpofA€6sy the same as KpdfiSos, 

Kp6fiM0Vf -fifji-f an onion. — * For KopS-fiuoVj making 
the Kdpas eyes fiv€uf to close :' Steph. So Nasturtium 
b Nasi-tortium. Gwnpare MurronSs, 

KpoviKoSf out of date, antiquated, old fashioned : — 
doting, silly, i.e. full of years : * of long-duration, chronic^ 
in Med. writers :* Dnn. — From Kp6voSj Saturn, who is 
also viewed as Xp6yoSj time. 

Kp6yoSf Saturn. — * The same as Xp6vos:* Ewing. 
*The author of xp^^^' time:'Mrt. — It is conjectured 
by Scheide that Kp6yos is Kpowisj the spring and foun- 
tain (of all things). Or perhaps from Kpaivco: The 
accomplisher. Observe the deriv. of Xp6vos. 

Kpdffcraiy battlements. — Transp. from JSAptrat, hair on 
the temples : Overhanging the wall, as the hair the 
temples. See &piyK6s. — Damm explains them as the 
is.6p<rai jco) Kt<pa\ajL r&v ir^pyuv. — Also, ' a scaling 
ladder, stairs or steps, which, as projecting from walls, 
resemble battlements :' Dnn. * Prob. a wall running up 

the edge of a hill, so that the battlements rise one above 
another like steps :' Ldd. 

K/MHTo-oi, fringe, borders, overhanging the gown as 
Kp6aaeu the wall. — Dr. Jones explains them as the 
K6p<ni head, end or extremity of a garment. 

KpordKia, the jingling pearls of ear-rings. — R. KpS- 

Kp6rwpoSf the temple of the head. — From the Kp6^ 
ros beating of the pulse there. 

K/M^Tos, any beating, knocking. — R. Kpo^ through 

f «Cpd», fffCfCpOTOl, KpoalpM, 

Kp^Totv, There was a saying, *More healthy or 
sound than Kpdrwv^' which C. Stephan understands of 
the famous city of Croton in the Tarentine Bay ; but 
Toup of Kpdrwv the dog-tick : * As sound as a tick.' 
This Kp^Twv (Compare 8PAico»v,) seems transp. from 
^K6protv from KeipUj KtKoprai, to eat, devour, as in 
II. A. 560, <p. 204, Od. A. 678. 

Kpirmy^ 'the thorn bearing the castor-berry, from, 
the likeness of this to a tick : Whence is produced cro- 
ton oil :' Ldd. — Above. 

Kpordivrtf excrescence on trees produced by an insect. 
— R. Kp6r<av 1, 

Kpovvhs^ a spring, water-course. From the dashing 
expressed by K^^, whence KpovyM, a beating. 

Kpoinfiifu, ' high wooden shoes, used for treading 
olives, and by flnte-players to beat the time on the stage : 
prob. from Kpo^ta :' Ldd. And ir^^a, pes, 

Kpovwy f K/wJa, Kpoa(v«, to beat, knock. — Eustath. 
from the sound. (Z) But perh. transp. from f KOf>^, 
Kopimra^ to butt with the head. (3) As K?inrT<tt and 
KaA<nrrw, kPiSapos and KAl€avo5, so kV6u allied to- 
kA6pos. (4) * Hebr. KRff, to meet :' Pkh. 

KpifiSriVf secretly. — R. Kp^nrrto^ as cIITA, cBAo^s. 

KpioSt . Kpyiihs^ icy cold, frost. — Lenn. supposes K 
prefixed as in Krviros, Kvc^a;, and allies fj&vaf, to 
'Pwir^s 'drawn together, contracted, shrivelled, from 
^tJ»' (Dnn.): just as 'Vucvhs, 'shrivelled,' is allied by 
Dnn. to 'Ptyos, 'a shivering with cold', and Lat. rigeoy 
frigeo. To form YS^lffraXKos an obs. verb ^Kpiw^ f ice- 
KpvffTUt is supposed : which would thus be the same as 
p(m. (a) * Hebr. itor, frigus :' Mrt. ' Chald. itera#A, 
to congeal :' Wbst. 

Kp^ctf, to hide, cover. — R. leaA^irretf, ficA^irray, 
Kplnrra, as yAd^a, yPdujxa ; KA^/io|, xVi&fM^ ; and 
fLagellum went into 4>Pay4Wiov, N.T. 

KpdaraWoSf ice : in Kpvos, 

Kp^vXos, ' a roll of hair, knotting on the crown of 
the head ; and of hair on a helmet :' Ldd. — Thiersch 
for KpdifvXos from ' SfuXeVf [oSAci',] fcAAeii', ctA.600, 
to roll': but what of KP ? Mrt, from Kdpn, Kph, the 
head. Or K^p, the hair of the head, (a) TertuUian 
says ' crohylos harharorvm\ perhaps thinking it a> 
foreign word. 

K^^», KeKpuxOi to caw as a crow, croak out, crocio. 
— ^* Formed from the sound' : Ldi 

Kp(&fia^j = KXx&iM^, 

Digitized by L:rOOQl6 



KpeDirof, a sickle, bill-hook. — Transp. for Ktafnrhs 
(as SPAjcctfi',) or Kopnhsj which from Keipta^ xiKbpa, to 
clip off, as vdpnH from velpUj nriifopa. (2) R. x^^> 
XP», to lay violent hands on. (3) Allied to our verb 
To ci'op, 

KpwffffhSj a pitcher, jar, urn. — * B. Kepdu^ Kpaw, KpSs^ 
as Kparriip:' Mrt. So Kp6^2aij V€0^26s, (2) Our 

KrdofMtj to gain, possess. — For 'E/fToo/uai, (as 'Ex- 
6hf X04s ; 'I/mSe'r;, KTtSei;,) from lx*> ««TOt, whence 
'EfCTtfcbf, and specially Il\€Ov-€Kr4to : simply, to liave. 
(2) ' Syr. kadda, he killed :' Mrt So 

fKrow, ^Krrifit, KrelvWj to slay, kill. — As Krlnros 
from Twrrw. so fxTow from tTaw,fT€'«, rflva^ reva^ ex- 
tendOf to lay flat on the ground, as Ketro raOfUj Hom., 
He lay prostrate. Or for 'Eic-rao;, *EK-rfl»a>. — Dnn. com- 
pares SelvcOf with X as K above (X0€ly»,): and Kcdyoa, 
with T as vTSKis (Krctlyta). 

KrcWoy, Kreap, KrtpaSf Kr^/uo, a possession. — 
Allied to Krdofjicu, 

KTfivw : in f Krcuv. 

Krels, g. jfrevis, a comb, — rake, — harrow, — finger 
and rib, as branching off from the hand and back- 
bone ; — scallop with a hollow pectinated shell. — * From 
f «€», f /re/ctf, K(d(o) :* Dnn. T, as irTdkis, irT6Kffios, 
(2) Lenn. from Krcd^w, * a caedendo dividendoque '. 

Krfpas, as Kreap, a possession:— Kr (pea,* the posses- 
sions of the dead buried with them,' Hemst. : * ornaments 
for the dead now become their property,' Dnn. So Kre- 
pct^w, to give funeral honors, bury. (2) * Hebr. keiery 
to offer incense :' Wr. 

KrTjZifv, like Krtls, a comb: — plur. fibres of wood, 
running parallel as the teeth of a comb ; && 

Kt^^m, KrriaiSj possession. — K. Krao/uai, niicrquai. 

Kriivea, * property in general ; but ri kt^vco pro- 
perty in herds or flocks :' Ldd. — As above. 

KtiScij for *IicTt5^. 

KrlCWf to settle, found, build, make. — For KoTifw, 
Ka0'i((o^ f Kt(», to settle. Horn, has Kdr-iaop for Kde^ 
'itrov. (2) Dnn. compares Kraofiai ; To possess, take 

KrlAof, * rendered tame, and thus, become property, 
from KTaofxcUf Kri(w : gentle, familiar, a favorite ; — 
cultivated as trees. Also, a ram : from kIw, says Damm, 
[T, as irT<JAis, iiT6\€fi0Sf'] as going before the flock, 
[and others for &KTi\os, R. &7w, &ktou, as leading the 
flock,] but B. Krl(wj to render habitable, acquire, tan^e :' 
Dnn. ' The ram soothes the flock with its blandish- 
ments :' Portus. (2) As 'Iicnfict;, KriScT}, so could be 
tKo», Tkt(u, tKTiAoy, (as rp6xl^0Xy) ktIKos, like*'lT»yj, 
'Irofibs, Petulans and PetiUcus from Peto, going at or 
against: and 'IroAbs a bull from "Irris, 

Krlvvvfii : = icrtlvu. 

Ktwitos, loud noise, rattling, clash. — For Ti5iros, R. 
TtWo). So v4(l>os, Kyi(p<i5, So FSoCiros. 

K^os^sk bowl,, cup, — cupping-glass: — hollow of 
the hand, like Vva\ov^ so that Kiw and an old verb 

frww were allied in the sense of being hollow. See 
frAXl. The end as ^ifdflA0OX 

Kwo/*os, a bean. — The convex, as well as the concave, 
have equally the sense of * hollow' as observed also m 
K^€ij. From ir^o), then, to be hollow, are both KiaJBosi 
a cup and Kvanos a bean. 

KTAN02, a dark-blue substance; — the blue corn- 
flower, — blue dye. So the famous Kvcfvcai, Ci/anean 
Rocks of the Euxine Sea mean The dark-blue Rocks. 

Kuop, ' a hole, the eye of a needle, &c. ;' Ldd. — R. 
icl;w, to be hollow, as in KvoBos, 

Kv€€pydot>, gubemOf to govern the ship, pilot. From 

Kv€ri, head, top: whence KvSepvw above, to be at the 
head of the ship. — Ldd. compares our cup: here then, 
as in K^/ios and KiadoSy the senses of convex and con- 
cave unite. R. Kv«: see in K6a0os, Dnn. 'compares 
Kvap, * as words implying hollowness and roundness.' 
— * Wei. cop, cob, D. kop:* Wbst. (2) * B. K(nrT» :' 
Mrt. A. 2. iKvSov, The band of the head. 

KTBHBH, Ki/g^M;, KuficAi;, Cyhek, a Phrygian, 

Kit^nXiSy a cleaver, axe. — As 7Ti^, /STflbs, 2yT^a, 
ifcyrpts, — for K&SiiiKis or K6Tn\\is from k&ktu, koitw, to 
chop. It means also a cheese-scraper, more properly it 
seems a cheese-chopper. (2) Lenn. from K<t€ri,1i\osi 
* The head of which is a nail.' 

Kf}§ioy, the flesh of the tunny salted in square or 
ctUnc pieces. — R K{f€os. 

Kv6i(rrd(a, to plunge with the kt^Stj head- foremost : 
KvStffrrjTijpcs, divers. 

K6€tTov, the elbow.— R. K^nrw, %Kv€oVy to bend; 
The bend of the arm. 

K^^of, a cubet solid squafe; — cubical die ; — a ver- 
tebre of that form, and a cubic piece of salted fish. — 
Lenn. from /c^, to swell, from its protuberant, bulging 
£gure. And Dnn. compares Kv^tj, adding ^ Note the 
sense, cleft in the hoof of oxen : these words implying 
hollowness or roundness.' And note Kikkos, a circle. 
(2) Wbst. notices Wei. cub, bundle, aggregate: and a 
Chaldee affinity. 

Kv^dQta, to revile, abuse, i.e. bring a hvBos evil re- 
port on. 

KvSafi^etf, to give kvI^os glory to. 

Kt/8o(8o7(£a), ' to make a KvBoifihs hubbub or uproar^' 
Ldd. So 'Ex^oSoir^o;. Some add AoDrros, noise. 

Ku9oi/A^f, tumult, which is from Tumeo, as KvZoiixhs 
from Kvv to swell. * Hunc rerura TUMOREM,' Cic 
' Instare TUMULTUS . . . et aperta TUMESCEKE 
bella,' Virg. The end as in erOIMOX 

KGfios, glory; Ku8ia», to have vain-glory, boast, as 
Glorior from Gloria. — The sense of vain-glory agrees 
well with Kina to swell, whence ' KO/ua anything swollen,' 
Ldd. — But, as Glory is the first meaning, rather from 
Kvm, Kweoo, irpos-Kvv4<c, ^ to give a reverential homage 
to' (Dnn.). The end like iu^AO:^. 

Kv^os, evil report, disgrace, i.e. bad fame. —Above; 
here the masc. gender^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Kvitmov fiiiXov, a qninoe, from Cjfdon in Crete: 
Germ, quidden or quiddena^ abbrev. to quince, 

Kv«c0, the same as K^. 

Kv(ifni»bs, a gold coin from Cyeictu in the Propontis, 

KvBcptia, Venus, ' Cytherea Venus,* Hor. 'From 
the city K^^pa Ctfthera in Crete, or the island on the 
S. of Laconia:' Ldd. 

Ki/Kci», to stir up and mix, confound. — B. k^, 
K^KVKa : To make to swell up. Hemsterh. supposes an 
old word f ic^KOf * flour kneaded and swelling with leaven : 
R. icdw.' (a) R. x^) fc^x^^A, fundo, confundo. 

KviccU», a mixed drink : Above. 

KufcAoAils y-fucof, cyclamefi^ sow-bread. — ^'B. Kvkkhs, 
as having a round root: * Dun. For it is ' a bulbous 
plant'. (Ldd.) 

KvjcXm^s, one who goes round and round the old 
paths, writing about the old fables and stories, fscriptor 
eycUeua:* -* a strolling circulator of hb poems. — 

K^ieAoj, a circle, round, ring, orb, ball,*- circular 
movement — B. k^, k^kvku, to swell up. A tumid 
figure, as KvfM. (a) B. «cwX/«, kck^Xuco, ^k^kvkTMj 
to roll. 

K{fKP0Sj cygnus, a swan: from k^, Kixxnta, ^Tumeni 
luperbift,' says Phsedrns of the daw, which is as true of 
the swan. — Also, ' Some ship, from the figurehead, or 
from the curve of the prow, like a swan's neck :' Ldd. 

K^\o, the KotKcL hollow parts under the eyes. — Dun. 
from Koikou See on K^or. So 

Kt^\i(, ca/«r, a goblet — ' B. irotXos : ' Dnn. See on 
K^Ao, Ki^0os, and NAtof, TifdKov^ and 

Kv\f», KvXiv^uo, KvXii^^a), to roll, roll round. — 'B. 
Kiwi the notion of it U from the ROUNDNESS of any- 
thing swelling:' Lenn. To roll BOUND as a K^icAo* 
drcle. Allied to KvAa, as convex and concave are both 
round. See in K<}a0of , K^juos. Dnn. compares KvAA^j. 
Add K^To*. (a) * Heb. gaJL^ to roll : ' Mrt. 

KwAX^woj, Mercury, from mount CyUene in Arcadia. 
* Cytlenia proles,' Virg. 

KvXXhs, crooked, halt, lame. — Grove allies it to 
K6\os, mutilated: Ldd. to Ko«Aoy, hollow: X»A^s, 
lame, may be added. Dnn. compares also KwXfw, to 
roll. Add K^T«. 

Kwfio, * from k6u : anything swollen, hence a wave ; 
— foetus in the womb; — young sprout of a cabbage :' 

KvfMlvco, to swell, rise in waves. — Above. 

K6fi€a\0Vf a cymbal, musical instrument like a hollow 
basin. — B. K{tfi€os. 

K{>fi€axos, head-foremost — R. ic^i;, a head; tici5- 
€axos, Kifi€axoSy as AaMSc£w. Allied to Kutficrrdw. 

K{ffJiSri, a boat; — cup, cymba, — R. Kifiios. 

Kvfi€v, * perhaps a tumbler-pigeon : allied to K^/u- 
€axos:* Ldd. 

KifJi6os, any hollow, a hollow vessel.— As AaM^ofyw, 

for K^s allied to xiSrfj from k^, as in KiaBot, (2) 
Oar combet as Brockley Combe and Combe Lodge in 

KTMINON, cumin ' Hebr. Amen:' Wr. 

KuvdyxVt the quinsy. R. Kikoy^ Kwhs, &yx»'- A 
sufibcation of the throat where the patient throws open 
his mouth like a mad dog. — Also, a dog's collar. 

Kvtfks, dog's meat, — dog-briar: plur. dog-days.— 

Kwdrty dog's skin, — cap, helmet, as made of it, 
much as Galea from ToA^, and 'IicriS^i}. ». Above. 

Kw4u, to kiss; — venerate, as in Psalm 2, * Kiss the 
Son lest He be angry.' -* R. KwhSj of a dog, from its 
kissing and fawning. The aor. 1 is K6<r(ra; Kvo-a, i. e. 
^»f ^wycro, t«^<ro, lelnrffa, (a) To venerate, the first 
sense: — R. ^k6u, ici5irTo>, to bend forward. (8) R. t7^«, 
(see FvXihSf lYoAov,) allied to 7009, to take, i.e. to take 
with the mouth or lips, as Ad», 'to see' is < to take with 
the eyes:' and vice verslt Labium, a lip, is from fAaSoD, 
Le. by which we take, T and K as F^pvs, K^pv|» 
(4) ' Kits, Sax. cyssan, Su. Goth, kyssa, Wei. cusan: 
Kw8 in some parts of the N. of England : Gn ir^, ir^oi:' 
Todd. The fact that there is no present k^cw, but 
only aor. 1 w&trffo, seems to establish the priority of the 
Greek word. 

KiviKoi, the Cynic philosophers, snappish or filthy as 
(ici^€s) dogs. 

Kvf({o-ap7cf, a gymnasium at Athens. — Ewing says, 
from Kwhs^ apySs : The white dog. 

K^vrtpos, more dog-like, impudent, shameless. — 
Formed from kvwp, Kuy6s', = fxi/ycSrepos. *Ain' 
verb, canisf* Terence. 

K<)os, KvrifJMf the fetus. — R. kj^u, 

KTnA2:Si:S, *a short man's frock or tunic:' Ldd. 

KvircAAoy, *a ctqf, goblet, bowl. Prop, dimln. of 
Kuirv;: compare Kv€6a, KO^os, Sx^or:' Dnn. ' (a) 
Our cupy Sax. cop, Du. kdpp. Span, a^^ Ir. capa: and 
Wbst adds the Chald. and Arab. * Hebr. kooph, 
hollow :'Wr. 

KvTTTjt ' the same sense^as Pt^, a hollow, a kind of 
boat:' Dnn.-^R. ict;w, as Ki^^i;, &c. See obss. in 

KhrpiSf Venus, * the Cyprian queen,* Pope. * Diva 
potens Cypri,* Hor. Called Kwrpo-yiveta in Pindar, 

KivpoSj a corn-measure. —- Allied to Ki^ ; and to 
Lat cupa, a cask. 

KuirT<£^», to keep stooping, pry into. — From 

K^irrw, to bend down, stoop.-— R. /ci5«, f?^ whence 
Tuph^j bent, and allied to JKdu, Ka/idpa, Kdfiirra; 
f FeUtf, Vavahs, Tafitpds : to KvAt», Kvpris, Indeed a 
cavity is a bend^ and this is seen in various words 
beginning with KT— . (a) *Hebr. *g>Aee,to bend:* Wr. 

Kvp€a(ri, epith. of pottage, ' a doubtful word : other- 
wise read Tvpairi from yvpis, Tup€airi from rCpSii turba, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



KvpSoffCot ednical cap or helmet. — Allied by'Dnn. to 
KiipSHS, triangular tablets in a pyramidical form and 
turning on a pivot, having the earliest laws written 
on the three sides; derived bj Hejne from Kvpos, 
antbority, validity. Dnn. with the old Gramm. allies 
it to KSpvfiSoSj Kopv^, K6pvs. KAp€€i5 are also any 
other tablets or pillars. ^K6p€iSj a petty-fogging 
lawyer, ie. a walking statnte-boz, Lat legaleius (£rom 
Leges):' Ldd. 

Kvp4of, Jjivpw, to light upon in the icaiphs nick of 
time, hit or chance upon; chance to be, am by chance. 
— Allied to Kicupbs, the nick> of time, through Kdpa^ 
K6pus, K&p, fK^p, Mol, fK^, as yVyh, fiV9hs, diro. 
'7[VSapiCu. Dnn. allies both Kvp4u and K^pios to 
K6pvs, Kdpa, Kdp, Thus Kvpw would mean * to be 
head or master over*, as in Kvpfia, (2) Allied to 
Kupiaffot, to butt, i.e. to strike (upon). (3) * Hebr. 
iarahy contingo;' Mrt. 

Kvp7i€d(uj Kvp Ww, Kvp{(a, ^ to butt with the horns 
like goats; gen. to strike,' Ldd. — Allied to Kcpas, 
tj3(£», /8oW. Or rather (like Kvpos,) to K6pvs the 
Lead: » -fKopri-fidCu, to go with the head forward. T, 
as tTi^, tt/TfiCL And so Dnn. Gomp. ^KoflBAS, 

Ku^^tflh explained by Hesych. 'shells of beans;' gen. 
husks, chaff, bran. — Perh., (like Kvp7}€d(wf) allied to 
K6pvs the top; i.e. the mere surface and outside, the 
coats. B, as Ko/icBhSy iccvcBpt'o, ipvfflBi}, 

KAptos^ having Kvpos power, — a lord; — valid, de- 
cisive, fixed, of things, times, &c. 

Kuplffffto: in Kvpri€d(», 

KvpKavdto^ for Kv/cordctf, Kvjrc{». So 5aP9iCirr». 

K^p/*a, booty, — B. K<fpo» : What one lights upon. 

Kwpor, * supreme power, authority; — validity, security. 
Akin to Kipa head, K6pvs, the head :' Ldd. (a) B. 
Kvpm^ to light on, attain. 

KupAw, to give itvpoi validity to. 

KvprrdU'fos, * Laoon. for a U>y : prob. from K6pos^ as 
N€oj, Nedi'foj :' Ldd. The T, as «i^/io, AyTpts. And 
perh. there was f «c({^^or, ^xSpaos, 

KvpTfhs, a fisherman. — From 

KtJpnj, Ki/pTOf, a fishiug-basket ; Kvpria, wicker- 
work : — From the bending and interUcing of the twigs : 
* Retia TORTA,' Tibull.— From 

KvprhSf curved, bent, arched.— As Vvpdfa is * to ren- 
der round, to hetuT, (Dnn.) so yvporrbs^ ^vprhs, Kvp- 
Tus. Or there was a word fyvpu (as Supw, nri/pw,) 

K6po9 : in Kvpco*. 

KvffdoSf KiiffoSj any hollow, like K6ap : and from 
Kva, iK^Bfiv, See K0/*o. — Also, foramen muliebre. — So 

KvffTiSf the bladder; — bag, pouch. — R. kvw, k4- 
Kvarai, See in K6aOos and KiaOos, 

KwT/ilr, a kind of plaster. — For the icJtoj, Lat. cutis, 
skin, ffK^Tos. Festus : ' CtOis is Greek, for they call it 
KuTos.' Dnn.: * From K&ros is the Latin ciUis :' See 
Kvroy. (Only in Lucian.) . 

Krfros, * from ici5«, to hold, cxmtain, — a hollow, as of 
a shield, hold of a ship ; — any vase, urn, vessel, — cavity 
of the body, trunk : — hence any outer covering, the 
skin, cutis :■ Ldd. 

KijrrapoSf like Kdrox, a hollow, cup, vault, cell of a 

Kv(f>€\\oVy ' akin to Ki^irf AAov, a cvp ; pi. hollows of 
the ears ; — clouds of empty mist :* I^d. * Cavity or 
empty space,' Dnn. Like Xdos Chaos and Xcdr/ua 
a Chasm.. 

Ku^f, bent, bowed. — B. «c<Ww, Kdiewpa, to bend. 
So KwpoSf a hump, bench. 

K^^uy^ a crooked piece of wood, the bent yoke of a 
plough : — a heavy log fixed to criminals' necks, keeping 
the head stooping forward, — Above. 

Ki4^A>i7, a hollow vessel, chest, box, bee-hive. Also, 
orifice of the ear, as KiJ^cAAov, being hollow ; — and wax 
in the ear. — R. <ie(^, yihni :* Dnn., who allies iciJinj 
with leiim-My iru^w. So Mrt. from kv^6s, * A vessel 
made of bent and woven twigs :' Greg. 

Ki^€Aof, ' the sand-martin, that nestles in holes in 
banks. — R. Kwp4\ji:* Dnn. 

f Kvw, to kiss : in Kvvtu, 

K^, Kv^w, ' strictly to hold, contain', Ldd. Allied 
to fKifctf, XdCcOj fraar, Varr^p, fFifw, TvoAoir. See 
FAfi. — Also, to hol4 or carry in the womb, conceive, or 
be pregnant 

K6(aVf g. fcvi'^f, canif, adog ; sea-dog ; — dog-star ; — 
the worst throw at dice, as ' Damnosi subsiluere canes, 
Propert., and ' Damnosa canicuila^ in Persius : — the 
frsenum praaputii, ' called 'also Kwo-^etrijuov, Canlnutn 
vinculum :' Steph. Perhaps from dogs' chiuns : see spec 
on Sict$Aa| 2.: also the membrum virile itself. And 
Kuvff are explained by Ldd. the fetlock-joints of horses : 
by Steph., the bones between the hoof and the * sura' of 
horses. Called also Kvi^-woScs, dogs' feet. Whence 
Kwo-fidfAovos Imroif is a horse going on too short pas- 
terns. — ^And whence is K^v ? Schleusner says : * With- 
out doubt from icuoi, to carry in the womb, for it is 
a prolific animal.' The Bearer. Improp. for Kvovtra, 
But so ^KvfAvos too according to Schneider. And Ldd. 
says of 'AT^enN : » Prob. at first a SONGSTRESS, 
from &fiB«j but early, a Nightingale.' — Leim. from iriJw, 
to swell (with rage). Thus the B is called the dog's 
letter, as imitative of its snarl. Snarling, snappish. 
'Beware of dogs\ says St. Paul metaph. — Some say 
The Kisser or Fawner, from t*''"! K^vaoj Kwtto : while 
others reverse this and bring Kvytw from kvp6s. 

KwaSf KuSf a soft fleece, skin. — R. ff ^» t*^» *«/*«'» 
(as in Kujjia, Kotfuiw,) to lie on. From the habit of 
lying on skins. * Effultus tergo stratisque jacebat Vel- 
leribus,' Virg. Hence the phrase, ' Quiescere in propria 
pelle.' *£y Kdtfffiy ol&y "EbpaBev^ Horn. : He slept on 
skins of sheep. — Or fKcw, to place or put, viz. over other 
things. Hom.: ^ir-c§cUcTo /x4yaK&aSf Bltppoy koX Kwat 
iir* avrtfv, Kar-effropea^y fio4riy a\nh,p SinpOfv. (2i) 
* Hemsterh. from Ws, F6is : the F represented by K;' Dim.? 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 


. KnxETn. 

K«8«o, K^Sri, the head, as Krfrra ; — spec, a poppy- 
head. Also, the broad part of an hooi'-glass. — *B. 
K6rra :' Ldd.^ then '\K6SSa, 

Kc^Sioi', a little k&s. 

Kt&Bav. — KnSvK and KHBuv (in fonn as *P^Boav,) 
seem both allied to KOi\os hollow (jost as Dnn. allies 
KA/ii? to KOIti},): the one being convex, the other 
coDcave, — just as Ku/ua a wave and KifoBos a cnp are 
both referred by Liddell to k^. K69uv is a bell and 
a trumpet, Kddwu is a goblet. K£Swy may also be al- 
lied to Kx&Sti the head ; and K(&0wv to KoTii;A77 a cnp. 

KwSwvf^o), to try horses by bells to see if they will 
stand the battle-din, and soldiers by striking a bell 
which they were to answer ; — also to try the purity of 
a coin by the sound. — Above. 

Kd^Otov : in KwBuv, 

K»KC», to lament. — ' R icoxos^ a full stream :' Mrt: 
To pour forth a flood of tears. * Rivers of water run 
down mine eyes:' O.T. Both words allied to x^> 
to pour : by redupl. (2) Lenn. from the sound. 

KvA^a, KfioA^, the hind-quarter, ham. All derive it 
from KcoKoVj a limb, but used specially of the extremities. 
Thus ' Hands and jcwAo legs :' * The fore Kw\a legs.' 
So Ldd.; * KaXoi', gen. of the extremities.' — K»A^ is 
also T^ aiHoioPf perh. as the extremity. Or allied to 
KwKoUj membrum (virile). Tb kuKov. 

K(&X7jyif, * the hollow or bend of the knee,' Ldd. — 
From K<aKov^ the hinder-part, as in ISjuKia, (2) Allied 
to KoiKoVy hollow. 

KAAIAS, ' ColiaSj a prom, of Attica, with a temple of 
Venus, invoked by courtesans; — a feast of Ceres;— 
potters' clay of high repute, dug at the same place :' 
Ldd. And Kw\aris is Venus in Lycophron. — Perhaps 
allied to KuA^, t^ alBoTov. But ? 

KwXoVf a limb or member of the body ; — of a sen- 
tence, marked by a colony semi-colon. Also ' one limb 
or half of the course in racing,' L^d. Other meanings 
see in KwAea. — ^As M4\os a limb is allied to M4pos a 
part, division, so Ku\oy is K6\ov^ docked, mutilated. 
Similarly Dnn. from KoXoiw to curtail. 

KaXop : the same as K6\ov 2. 

KwAtJcD, to impede, prevent. — Prop, to disable the 

KwKa legs, much as Im-pedio and *E/t-7ro5(f«. (2) B. 

• jcoAos, mutilated. Dnn. allies with it KoAo^, Ko\dC». 

K«/ia, a deep sound sleep. — B. t*€», ^k&, Keifxai, 
Koifidw to make to rest. 

Kw/nTj, a small open town or village, — a quarter of a 
city. — * Allied to Ket/xat, Koiyuioa^ Koirri :' Dnn. * La 
ancient Greece, when all were husbandmen, that place 
was called Kdfiri to which men retired in the evening to 
sleep:' Valck. 'Errabat sylvis, rursusque ad limina 
nota Ipse domum ser^ quamvis se in nocte ferebat:' Virg. 
(2) From the same root as Kowhsj common : which see. 

Kwfios, 'a band of revellers, who after a feast go 

through the streets singing and dancing ; — revelry, 

banquet ; — a band, even of mourners. — B. Kdifxri : as in 

Bacchanalian processions they w«nt from village to vil- 


lagfl :* Dnn. (2) * Prop, a deep sleep, k»/us, with which 
men lie oppressed when heavy with wine.' Valck. — 
' From the lying down on couches at feasts : ' Damm. 
I.e. from kci/aou, koifxdot. 

Kwfivs, HBos^ a bundle, truss ; — marsh where reeds 
grow thick with tangled roots : — a lark, with its tuft on 
its head. — Lenn. from Ko/xl(tOf to carry, — or allied to 
it. (2) As Tripvs, K^/w(, so Kdfivs from yd/xost a 
freight. (3) As Qufths, Biifuov^ a heap, from fJ^cw, 
bwj riOriiAi, to put (together), so Kti/ws from \k4uj 
Keificu, &C., to lay (together). 

Kviufibs, a comedian. — Some say, as going from icdfxri 
village to village, singins V^^^ songs. ' The village song', 
says Bentley of KM/xtpSia, (2) Hemst. from K&fios. 

Kcffvdw, to daub with kwpos pitch: — to turn rotmd 
as a Kwyos top. 

Kfiiyuov^ hemlock. — As hpQryhs from &p^7w, avfl7« 
from ivdffCTM^ so Kriveiov from Kodvu, icayw, to kill. 
(2) B. KotydoOf to turn round (the brain with vertigo). 

K»vos, a cone, pine-cone, cone of a helmet, — a spin- 
ning top, from its corneal form ; — pitch from the pine, 
but Dnn. from the earthen furnaces in Sweden and W. 
Bothnia for preparing pitch being conical — Kuvos 
from ^K€vmt Keyffai, K€vr4<af ^KfKoya : from ending in 
a sharp point (2) * Hebr. ken, conns, lancea :' Becm. 

Kuywr€7oy, a gnat-gauze in beds, canopy, — From 

K<&vwp, «iroj, a gnat. — Bp. Blomf. says : * B. kwvos, 
&\p : for, they say, it has a conical nose. A pretty idea, 
and perhaps true.' (2) With Kwvos, from f ic^kw, f/c^ 
irova, K4ycratf to prick : -catp being a termination. 

K^os or KoooSf ^ the highest throw with the pastern- 
bone, counting six, — opposed to X?oy, counting one: 
hence the proverb ' Kaos against Xioy,* and also proba- 
bly ' Not Kaos but Xios :' Ldd. — * From K«s, the isle 
of Cos:* Dnn. 

Kdtnj, handle of an oar, of a sword, of an olive-mill, 
of a torch. — Damm says : * Bi K&irrw, Kixoira : For we 
lay hold of it in cutting with a sword or in striking the 
water with an oar.' (2) ' As haB^ from Aom^^i^ci), so 
Kc6irT7 from f icdirra), Kavoo, capio :' Dnn. Lat. capulus, 
XI, as ayAffffw, &cn7a. 

KdipvKos, a leathern sack : allied to rofpvrds, * R. 
X(tfp^», to contain * ' Dnn. 

Kws ; in Kwas. 

KaniWm, to chat, prate, prattle, talk down, talk over, 
cheat. — From /cort^Aij, a goblet : To chat ^irl KorifKai^ 
over one's cups. Somewhat as Isa. 24. 9 : ' Thej shall 
not drink wine with a song.* (2) Passow from ir<$irr», 
Kt^TTw : to tease and bother with idle talk. (3) Lenn. 
from kS>s : from companions lying on the same extended 
hide (See first quotations in KeDar,) and chatting : better 
if the gen. was KterSs, (4) Our quoth. 

Kaxphs^ battered or blunted in body or mind, deaf, 
dumb, silly.— B. K^wrw, K4K0<pa, So Obtuse from Ob- 
tundo. -fischylus has <pp€vay kckoju/acvos, frenzy-struck. 

Kotx*ito, * mostly used in •Avo-k«x*^*i (I>nn.) to 
hold back. See 'Avoicwx^, 

Digitized by L:rOOQl6 




Aa-, Aoi-, very.— R. KokkoSj as in \oxK6-vpnKro5. 
The I in Aeu- seems introduced as in XalOapyoSj al6Kos, 
aldwrcrtOf &c. (2) * Some from A(£«, f XdSw, capio :' 
Dnn., k capacitate. (3) B. \avpos or \d€f>os, mi^ty, 

AaaSf Aas, a stone. — B. f Aaw, A({^o/ia(, to take : 
One that you can take in your hands, as opp. to a large 
bit of rock. As Xep/jLoiJSiov. 

AajSBcuci(w, to mispronounce the A, called Ad€9a as 
'well as AdfiSta. 

^AaS4w, to take: R Aau, Xa6a> and \dfw, ^XdSw. 
See Adu, 

AaShf a handle by which we take, &c. — Above. 

AdSpa^j a sea- wolf. — And 

AaSptlofJuUj to talk boi8t«roasly and boastfully. — 

Ad€poSf furioDB, boisterous. — R. ^\aSw: As Kapio, 
Rapidus. — Also, greedy, voracious, either as above: or 
from \d-$opos from Aa, jSopcb, food. 

AaSipiyBoSf a labtfrmthj esp. the Cretan one; — a 
maze, net : — sea-snail, as coiled up. — The first sense 
may be a ' net/ and so may well justify Lennep's deriv. 
from f Aa^w : * Aptus ad capiendum.' Then the other 
senses. Much in form like *A<rdfuvdo5, (2) Jablonski 
inakes it an Egyptian word. 

AdyayoVj * a kind of cake baked in oil *, Dnn. — From 
Aa, ydvos, delicise, anything causing delight. Thus 
Kprivaiov ydfos^ * the fountain delight>, viz. a grateful 
draught,' (Dnn.) 

Aa7ap^s, * slack, lank, sunken, thin, flaccid, hollow. 
Akin to Aairap6s :'' Ldd. and Dnn. ^ut T and 11 ? — 
Rather, lank and sunken like a Aaybsj hare. (3) 
From \ayiiiv, says Ewing. (4) R A^», ^«, •\tsXayov, 
to leave off, stop, i.e. to be sUck: allied to Aa.yyd((a^ 
to be remiss. (8) Allied to our lag. 

Aayyd(Wj &c. to be remiss, loiter, tarry. — See above, 
(a) Some compare Umgus: to be long about a thing. 
And to lag. 

AdyhiVf =: \d^. See Aamlfu, 

AayernSj i.e. Aoow ^enyy, leader of the people. 

AdyrivoSj Asgyvvos, hgena, a bottle, flagon. — R. 
f A(ie0, Ad^ofuuy fA^aica, to take, hold. Compare 
AdKKoSf AdKos, So Ldd. derives Aaryitp from f Aaw. 
(2) Greg, from Aa, t^w, fT^, capio, (whence Toirr^/), 
ri/A(^s, &c): *Valde capax.' Forcell. explains 
Xct^rena *vas fictile CAP AX.' And see Aciroyi?. (3) 
Todd mentions Hebr. lag, and our.^o», French^tw. 

Aa7K/a, the Lat. lancea. 

AdyyoSj Adyv^i^ lewd, lustful. — R. Aa-, yvvi\i \d- 
-yuyos: Valdfe mulierosus. — (2) *R, Xa/ySvos : Or 
better R. Aa^^s, a hare :' Dnn. 

Aayhs, Aayits, Aayubs, a harq.: — a bird, rough- 

footed like a hare. — Not badly Mrt. derives Xaycahs, for 
Aafwbs, from Ao, oSas, from its large ears. As To7vo5 
for Ohos. (2) *Aa, 7<Jw, fyeyew: Foecundus, multi- 
-parus:' Greg. Whence Dnn. derives Adyvos from 

Aoqfxdyoiy (as tHavOdva^ f Aax«ctf, tMx'w. t^«7X<^» 
A6A07XO, to get hold of by lot or fate;— obtain as one's 
share; — fall to one's lot. — R. f^aw, fAcAoKo, fAaSw, 
to take (out a lot,) to take (by lot). (2) Wacht 
notices Germ, gktck^ good fortune, our luch^ Swed. lycka, 
' Hebr. lachah, he received:' Mrt. 

Aa7u;y, the \ayaphs loose and boneless cavity below 
the ribs, — any Hollow. — Ldd. from f A(£«, to hold. (2) 
R. XayapbSf fxayapdiy^ T^ay^y, 

Aayaths, Aayis; in Adyos. 

Ad(ofjLaif to take: \da, 

Ad(wj to be injurious to, insult. — Contr. from 
AoKTlQa. See AaxAu^s (2) Allied to Ad^ofiau * At 
y6<roi AofovTOi, corripiunt et invadunt:^ Steph. 

AA0APrO2, a shred of leather. — Q. ? (Only in 
Nicand. 0. 422.) 

fAadew, AayddytOf fA^0», to escape or elude the 
notice of, — cause others not to know or to remember, 
make to forget. — R. A({«, feArf^v, Aafo/xai, f Aa§«, 
capioy de-cipio i.e. de-capio, take in, deceive. (2) 
*Hebr./a<, clam:' Mrt. 

AdBpa, -t;, by stealth, without the knowledge of. — 

Aai- : See in Ao-. 

Aa^ stones used as weights in the upright loom. — 
R. Aoas. 

Aai7|, a small Xaas stone. 

Aau^phs, bold, impudent. — Le. "fAo-iSp^Js: Aa, iS4(a 
video i Looking much at. Opposed in sense to Aid^s 
i.e. o-VS^^ (2) R. Aai-, Spw; Active, quick, ready, &c. 

Aai$apyoSj AiiOapyoSf AdOapyoSf * forgetting, — said 
of dogs, cunning, [i. e. evading, shuffing, as in fAatf ew, 
* biting secretly \ Ldd.] : Subst. the lethargy. R 
A^^': Dnn. — In the sense of cunning, Wright says 
^secretly mischievous', adding hpyos, quick. See 

AaixdCofj to be a prostitute, or associate with such. 
— R AaS;, AaTfc^f: Make oneself public. So AaixSta 
is to make common. (2) R. Aai, f'^^C^i KiKO/irraij to 
adorn, set out 

AalXa^, airos, a hurricane. — Redupl. f Ac{irr», \d^w, 
whence &-Aair(i(iw to consume. (2) * R. Aai-, Xdirrwi' 

AaT/ua, Mn Aristoph. Av. 1563, seemingly a play 
on the words A^/ia, ATfxa, and Aaifi6s:* Ldd. and Dnn. 

Aaifidfftrw, to swallow greedily, from 

Aaifi6s,ihe throat. — 'Perh. akin to Adfws, abyss. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



gnlf : whence Aafivphs^ fall of abysses, hence glattonons; 
and Aofiiof Lamia, a monster said to feed on man^s 
flesh:' Ldd. (2) B. JJw, \i\afuu,to take. 'Allied 
to Xai^:' Lenn. (3) * flebr. foem, to eat:' Wr. 

Aouya, the same as XAoIi'a, as SpcCXn; became 
' aranea', and compare ^cO, Hea. See Aiap6s, 

AtuoVf Doric for Ahiov. 

Aauhsy the left. — On the same principle as *ApuTr€' 
pHis, left, from ApurroSf best, so Aaibs for AaXhs (as 
A4XroSj AfiToSj) from \du^ KiAAlofjuu, to wish : De- 
sirable, good, as from Am to 'wish' is Autuy, ' better.' 
See Aap6s, 

AaurfiioUf * Sk shield covered with raw hides: from 
?Ji<rtos, Others from \ai6s: The left-hand armor:' 

AeUtnrais, for KoL-muSj Aa-wous. 3, as in KdJh'cofpoSj 
8tt«ws, fitjy^e*, Xi^xV' 

AtuTfM, the deep sea. — B. Xor, fto froi : i.e. the 
great passage. Compare *la$fi6s. See the next. 

Acu0or, 'a shabby tattered garment; then gen. cloth, 
esp. sailcloth:* Ldd. — I see not why we should reject 
Ka, fbrrw fl^^a, Xtrroiuu, to hurt, harm: Much injured, 
according to the meaning of the word. "A/u^l hi 
\eu<l>05 "EffffWf I will put on you such a garment as 
seeing you wear a man shall hate:' Horn. See Aatr/uc. 
(2) Dnn. allies it to Aclbr, A^Sos. 

Aai^phSf swift — R. Aa, cuxlnfip6s. (2) ' B. Aai-, 
^alpa, to brush:' Ldd. 

AoKfphsj tattered : R. Xwcls, Talkative: R. Aour^v. 

AoKfu, AaucdCw, AdffKUf Aijiccw, to crash, rattle, ring; 
— crack, break with a \cucls crack or crash, — scream, 
howl, speak loud. — Dnn. well compares *PdKos (a rag) 
and Aoucls, ' one liquid letter being exchanged for an- 
other', as XttPtoifj liLium: Iptf, *Pls, Lis. 'Pddcos he 
also allies to 'Pijyyvfu to break, 'Vdarffta, ff^oyoy, 
'Piry^, 'Prjyfia, Hence then Aeucdw, is fPewc^w, to 
break, burst, rend, &c. (2) ' Chald. leJta, frangi :' 

AokI; , a burst or rent with a crack, — as 'PdKOs, 
rags, tatters. —See in Acucia, 

AdxKoSj AaKos, a pit, hollow, pit, tank, lacus. — 'R. 
Aeucciv, to burst, break asunder' : Dnn. So Mrt. from 
AaKl(u>f Aoucls, (2) R. Ac^, A^Aoica, XdCofioUf ' capio, 
comprehendo', as a * hollow.* (8) So *Hebr. lehee. to 
hold:' Wr. 

Aoicrffw, to kick with the heel or foot Allied are 
Adyiriv and Aa|, with the heel. Voss from A^7w, (», 
Kayw, f «, to * leave off, end,' (Ldd.) Ai^, i.e. Where 
the foot ends. (2) Steph. brings all from Ad(oo, to 

AoAaycw, as follows. 

AoAew, AaAa7f», to chatter, prattle, talk, speak. 
'Lat ^^, our luUj lullaby:' Ldd. From the sound 
A^ AoA. Germ. laUmf *• corrupt^ et impedit^ loqui ut 
pueri:' Wacht. 

AoAAcu, babbling pebbles of the brook. — Abore. 

Aa/i§a, = Kofila, 

AafiSdva: (or IfXagiM, as ^MaBiu^Mayedya; tAax«»» 
Aayxdw. Herod, has XdfitpofML 

AAMBAA, the letter L : * Hebr. lamed: 

Aofiioj a voracious monster, and a shark : — in 
Aaiixis. See also 

AdfioSjSJi abyss, gulph. — 'R. A^,[A€AaMa<,] Aa/i§(£- 
v», to receive, contain:' Dnn. Much as "Vdu, "Vdmuts, 

Aofiirdhtov^ * bandage of lint for wounds, as made of 
temp- wick; — called also Avx^wfta and 'EA-Ai/X"**- 
rhs fiorSs :' Steph. — Fn)m 

Aa/Aireks, «{8oj, a lamp: R. Xdfiin^ — ^' A warlike 
engine, perh. for throwing combustibles:' Dnn. 

Adixmi : the same as Admi, 

AofiiHiyri, a covered chariot — * Prob. from &ir^in}, A 
prefixed:' Ldd. And M in AoMS^w. (2) Some make 
it a showy, brilliant, royal carriage, from KdfJLTw, See 

Aatirovplsj a fox. So Adfiir-ovp€ kvwv, Theoc. 
having a white or brilliant tail: \dfiira, ohpd. 

AdfimCf to cause to shine. — For f A^irw, (as in 
f Aa3», AdMi^o/iai,) allied by Lenn. to A^c0, A^, &c. 
to disclose, reveal, A^mij Aiixvos, (2) R. Ad«, to see : 
To make to be seen, to disclose by shining. Aifntta as 
nc/iiirw. (3) R. Aa, 0(i», ^», ^v», to shine. M as 
in AoMir^yi;. (4) 'Chald, lampad, a torch:' Dahle. 

AafjLvplbSf * full of abysses, hence gluttonous : — 
[audacious,] bold, wanton, coquettish, piquant, arch. 
R. XdfMs:' Ldd. and Dnn. (2) R. Xaifihs, the throat : 

AauOdifcoi in f Aa6^w. 

Ac^: in AcucTl(m. 

Aa^f^Wy to cut or polish stone. — R Aos, {«*. 

Ad^is, &8 AdxfiriSy what is allotted. — R. f\dxa>, 
f \f£|», XaeyxdvM* Herod, has Ac(|o/Aai. Or AJix^(riSy 
Adx<ft5t Ad^is, 

Aahsy a people, the people. — R. AcU», Xd(ofiaif (See 
A^»,) prehendo, comprehendo, coUigo, to collect : A 
collection of men. (2) ' See Find. 01. 9. 66 for a 
fanciful deriv. from \aas a stone, founded on the tradi- 
tion of Deucalion:' Dnn. 

Acard(Uf *A-Aairrff», to empty, plunder; — empty the 
bowels. — R. Adirrw, to 2a/7 up. * Now shall this com- 
pany lick up all that are round about us, as the ox 
licketh up the grass:' Numb. 22. 4. (2) Dnn. from 
Xdxo^ to take up. 

AdvQiBos, a pit, pitfall. —>R. Xwrdifu to empty out, 
make a vacuum. 

Aairdpa^ ' the loins, the abdomen, i.e. the soil: part of 
the body:' Dnn. From 

AairopoT, the same as Aayapbsy slack, loose. — R. 
Aoi-a^ctf, to evacuate. 

AcCmi, phlegm, —any filth, damp, &&' — Allied to 
Avmd^ta^ to evacuate. 

Aairt^w, to vaunt — ^Dnn. and Ldd. say with Eustath., 
from the Aairf^cu, Lapitha^ who were bullies and boasters. 
Or allied to AainiC« to empty: Make empty boasts. 
Mrt from Aa, !▼«». ? 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Adirrw, * prop, to /op as dogs, drink greedily. B. 
Xd» :' DtUL: to take, as f Aciw, Adrrw. 

AaplyhSf ' fed [deliciously ] luxuriously, fattened. B. 
Xap6s:' Dnn. As xoAINOS, ^xINOS. 

A^f|, the larch-tree. — * B. Xopo's: from the sweet- 
ness of its odor :' Forcell. 

Aapls, AdpoSf a gull; perh. allied to Adftvy^, the 
throat— 'Akin to Ad/Spos^' Dnn.— B. Xxiu^ XdCo/Mi^ 

Aaplacuost ' a kind of kettle, invented or made at 
Larwa, So Tdvvfpa a kettle, and the town Tanagra :' 

AdpKoSj a wicker-basket. — As f M^, MdpyoSt and 
AoA), Largos, so nearly \du, kdpKos: as taking, con- 
taining things, or that which you take in your hand, 
like ^fjhs from *4pce. So XaleAPTOX (a) B. 
Xeipi(, ucos : As prim, made of larch. 

Adpya^, a coffer, urn, — r a kind of vehicle, — vessel, 
ship. — Allied to AdpKos. (2) As made of Adpi^ 

Aaphs, grateful, agreeable, delicious, sweet. — Hem- 
sterh. from Ad», to wish : Desirable. See A»W. (2) 
B. Aa, &p«Oj apto, IjpaptVj he suited, &&• 

Adpvyl, the larynx^ swallow, gullet — Passow from 
Kdu, to take. Or Aa^, to enjoy. 

Aas, for Aaas. 

AAawov^ chamber-pot, nightstool. Also ' a stand for 
a pot, grid-iron:* Ldd. — Simply from A(i«, A^Acurai, 
to take, contain. So Btittrovos. (a) Mrt from Aciiriot, 
rough. Note the senses of 'Exu'or. 

AdffOiif insult — B. Aci(<»,to insult; or, as that seems 
to make Ac(|c0, B. Xd(ofMi, * corripio et invado', (Steph.). 
(a) B. XdaiM, to yell (3) ' Hebr. 2ate. to mock :' 

Adfftos, 'rough, hairy, shaggy, woolly: bushy: only 
diff. from Aaabsj (Smrcos,) in dialect, A and A being 
often exchanged:' Ldd. As Aiiir^/ia, Lacryma. (2) 
R \duf \4\ajau: easy to take, lay hold of: opp. to 

AdaKw: in Acur^. 

Adxnavpos, * lewd, lit hairy like abull: \dfftos ravposi* 
Dnn. — Or Aa, ravpos. 2, as in AolSireus, fid^Zrpvxos. 

AcCto^, the liquor which fell from the cup in the play 
of K/&TTa€os, — and its noise.—' Akin to hUex^ laticis:* 
Ldd. ' Perh. from the sound:' Lenn. ' The learned 
Grammarians derived it from Aa, and r^, tc(, imitative 
sound of water falling :' Scheid. 

AdfTpts, a hired servant, slave. -* Buhnk. from A(i«, 
AcAaroi, to take, receive (wages). Lenn. as taken in war. 
(a) ' B. Aa, rp4a, tremo: Mai. I, 6. £ph. 6. 5 : Be 
obedient to your masters with fear and trembUng :' Pkh. 

Adrpotf, pay, hire. — Above. 

Aari^o-M, to clap, strike. — Dnn. from A(£Ta|, liquor 
thrown into a basin with a splash. 

AavKoyiri^ the same as Aaiftbs , the throat — Dnn. 
from kdw, f Aa^, f AcAavxa, to take, or to enjoy* 

Aa^ a street, quarter of a town, alley ;«— ravine, 

— drain, sewer ; — cloister. — Steph. says : * It may 
seem to be put for a broad way, from Aavpos': Xaupos 
taken as * capax' from Ai(a», ' capio.' (a) Uesycb. from 
\ahs, (Aacpa): Frequented by the people, as A^A-fitnos, 

AavpoSf the same as Adipos, 

fAai^, *Airo.Aa^, to receive good or evil fromr— 
B. Aa», fAo^, Aa«», KapJSdim^ to take. As '¥dm^ 

Adipvpa, spoils taken in war. — B. Aa^^o-^-w: As 
emptying and exhausting cities. And allied to Aawd(eo^ 

Aeupinraotj to swallow greedily. — B. Tidrrw, AeAa^. 
to lap up. (a) Aa, hplMnrm. 

A€uppla,fof Aa^rp(a (above): said of Minerva and 
Diana. 'The forager,' Ldd. 'Gatherer of booty :^ 

Aaxafiw, t^ dig. — Dnn. from Aaiels, a rent, fissure» 
Yalck. from Ao, f x<^», x^^^% X'^f'h ^° opening. 

Adfxoyov, garden herbs in dug ground, opp. to wild. 
B. XaxtdiWj AaxorS. Yalck. says, as dug out of tlie 
■ Adx^Mj 'epith. of an island: for 'EAox^o from 
^Aax^f : little, small, low ; some even I'ead *EA^x*<>* 
Some from Aaxoifw: good soil, easily dug, opp. to 
rocky:* Ldd. 

AaxfJths, ^ Xtueria'fjAs from Xeuerlftf, From \d(». 

Aaxiii^s, destiny, A^x^^* 

Adx^Vy'^ooij down; — leafage. — 'Akin to "Ax*^*: 
Dnn. With Aa prefix. (2) ' R Aa, x^ovsi' Scap. 

Aiixos, lot, jwrtion: Ao7x«^«, t^ax<^«. 

AAA, Ad^Ofuu^ fAoSew, AaptJgdyWj &c., fAEA, 
whence Ac(a, to lay hold of, take: —to take with the 
eyes, to see, as "O/ifuuriv AoS^y, Soph., * Ceqnes oculis', 
Virg. — to take with the mind, wish, (Compare f *EAw, 
"EASo/uai,): — to take with the palate, to enjoy. — Pri- 
mitive words, unless from fcAw, to take, then f JAcCw, 
\du. Or even from ^ikd», iXalnm^ as in Ae-i^Aarcw. 
to drive off and take booty. Some refer Aow, to see, to 
f7Ao«, 7Aa^(r<ra), yX't^V. 

A4a, Acta, 'a stone used by weavers as a weight, any 
weight R Aaos, [A€fi6j,]:* Dnn. 

Adaipa, a lioness : \4uv, . 

Atalvv^ AtialiWf Act^, to make Kehv smooth. 

AfSriplSf a skin or slongh: = Acwi^plf from \4vu, 

AtSriSj a caldron, boiler, basin, pan, urn. -» B. Acf$», 
to pour libations : into which liquid is poured. Thus 
Servius explains Zeies ' a vessel into which water /tills 
while we ara washing our hands.' 

AtToij'lewd women: akin to A^os, lA4yo/uu]:* 

Arycclir, the Lat legto^ from %o, A^. 

A4yvnf hem, edge. — For A^w?, Xriydpri, from 
A^, to leave off So •E«vo for "HSi'tt, KESvhs for 

A4yct, 'to gather, collect: gather wordi, speak: gather 
t(2eas,ififer,tlunk: gather /acts, recoUect, affirm: [gather 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



mumben, compate, calculate :] Atyoftai, to gather my- 
self together so as to be at rest, lie down: ' Dr. Jones. — 
From fX««, (as Y^«, Y«7Wt) whence Atla, allied to 
AiU», Ad(ofuu, ^ prehendo^ comprehendo*, to take up one 
after another. Curiously Ae^w came to mean in Latin 
Lego, to collect wwrefo, to read. • Festas derives Lectus 
(A(^«Tpoy,) from 'gathering* leaves to lie on. Here then is 
another account of Aiyofuu above. (2) Ldd. makes 
A^ the same as oar lay, lecgan Sax., kggm Dutch, 
lagjan Goth., to place: * 1. To lajf asleep; 2. to lay in 
order, arrange, gather, pick out; 3. to reckon among, 
connt; 4. to account, tell.' (3) *Uebr. leek, to collect, 
summon:' Wr. 

Atla, Aritv, Arfiij booty: Arfi{ofMi, to plunder. — 
Damm for cA.cta from f^Aw, to take. Or for ^Xcta allied 
to ^i\dot,i\a6ifu, ^Aaroi, to drive; whence Ac-t}\aTca;, 
to drive away booty: for Aci-ijXarew. (2) R. t^***! 
t\a«, to take. 

Atialuw: in Aeadiw, 

AMi€t9, to pour, pour forth, Itbo, make a libation ; — 
trickle, moisten. — Allied to Au«, to untie, let go free, 
as Dr. J. defines Pour ' to LET some liquid out of a 
vessel.' B. fX^^, \<m, as arEIBO, AfLEIBa. For 
f A£» compare AEtirw, XEir». 

A«i/Aa|, Aufjui)v, where water trickles through, i.e. 
a moist or low grassy place, meadow ; — and like KrfKos 
and Hortus for rh aX^ola ywaiKHo, — B. Ktiim^ Xe- 
\ttfjtliat, f Aci/i/M(|. * So a fountain KtlStrat, when it 
flows gently:' Hemst 

Act/ua{, a shell-less snail: from its slow-flowing or 
oozing moisture. See just above. 

AttfifM, a remnant : Acfirw, X^Act/i/mc 

Aeibs, smooth. — PUto notices in his Cratylus the 
slippery smooth nature of the letter A, and hence deduces 
Atlos, Atjraphsj &c. Bather however ' rubbed smooth.' 
See the obsol. t^^», fAiw. And Aitrahs, Aifi^u, Aifunf}, 
(a) * Hebr. lehee, smoothness:' Wr. 

Aefnw, to leave. — Allied through fA^o* to A^» to 
cease, and through fA(» to Aid(o(Juu, to separate from, 
remove, and to Avw. So Aeir», prop, to separate and 
sever the outside of a tree. (2) Sax. /ce/bn, IceL 2st/a, 
to leave, 

Atipiov, a lily. — R. Keiphs, pale. 

A€if>^j, thin, wan, thin in color, pale. — *B. Afios:' 
Mrt Well, for \ttos is 'rubbed smooth,' (Dnn.) 
'rubbed thin.' 

AeiTos, AcFtos, of or for the \tits people, common. 

Attxh^t tree-moss, moss-like plant, lichen. Also, a 
Zu;Aen-^t^e eruption on the skin, scurvy, &c — Mrt. from 
\tlx»' Exactly as Persius: * Quorum imagines lambtmt 
ffedercB sequaces.' (2) Allied to Actos, smboth. * The 
surface b sometimes quite smooth: sometimes provided 
with hairs &c.' : Enc Brit 

Ae^x^ aD<i ^i^t to lick. »— From the obsol. fA^w, 

(See Acfa,) f A^co, Xdco, to take up, Ac^tttw, to lap up. 

So <rrEIXa, icIXA, vHXa, (2) Our lick, lecken Dutch, 

UccianSax, <Ohald.fecAac:* Mrt. ' Hebr. feAeA;; ' Wr. 


Aef^'oyoy, remnant: Aedrw, r^m, 

AcKcCny, Aciros, a dish, pot, pan. — Allied to Lat 
lagena by Liddell, who notices the Doric AoKduTi, So 
Adyiivos is a bottle : which see. And AcUcicos, Atiffo;. 
(a) The Doric form Mrt frona Aa, x^^^^otj X^^i to lie 
open. (3) Perhaps, as lllo/uai, iKo/uoi, .fheQUor, 
seQUor: tUUoSjtKKos, eQUus: so A^Kos is aUied to 
AcIItr, a bark, shell. So Iloios, Kolas, And 

A4Kt$05f pease-soup. Also, the yolk .of an egg: aa 
thought by Suidas to be like shelled pease or pulse in 
color. — Perh. \4Kidos is ^\4irt0oSj (K and n as above,) 
i.e. shelled pease. (2) B. A^ko; above. We say» 
Pot luck. 

AcKT/Mv, a couch — B. Acto/mu, A^Aeirrflu, to lie 
down. See in A4yu, 

AeXirifiou, to strive eageriy: AcAit^/xeVoT, zealous, 
eager. — • Prob. for AcA/AT^/Aai, AcAtAtj/ttcVor, from 
AiAa^o/wt, to lung for:' Ldd. 'Adopted by Buttm.:' 

A4/jl€os^ a skiff. Also ' a ship's cock-boat ; and met. 
a parasite': Ldd. — B. \4wuj as TifAlSos from rv^w, 
QOfiSos from ^dirof or d^irw. Like Atwrhs, it means 
slender ; and has the sense of Acirrd8o/ttos, built or con- 
structed lightly ; or of A«irn;if^s, thin at the point 

A4fjupos, mucus : allied by Ldd. to Adfim}, 

Atvriov, the Lat. /thteum, froin Ztnutn, \ivov. 

A4nraJli»op, *a broad leathern thong, fastening the 
yoke under the neck, and passing between the fore-legs 
to join the girth,' Ldd.—* From Aeirc£f«, decortico,' Bp. 
Blomf. : Peeled hide. Formed like 'AAaira5y({v. 

A4waSf *from A^a>: a bare rock; — also a limpet, 
from its clinging to the rock:' Ldd. 

AfwoffTTi, a drinkmg-cup> shaped like a limpet-shelL 

Aeiriy, scale, rind : Atr^w, Iqarosy or scaly skin. — ^And 

Anrrbs, peeled, husked; — hence fine, light, thin, 
slight, refined.— B. Acir», AcAeirrou. 

Acirw, to strip off the skin, husk, pod, rind:— to 
thresh soundly. — From fAcw, A^, to loosen: allied to 
A^«, A€/ir«, Aid(ofiM, So f/S^^. /BXeHXl. And 


Atff€id(u, to imitate the Lesbians, 

Afffirls, the same as *E\€<nrls, 

A4axnt as llSx^''* from Arya>, \4\exa, for A^x^? : » 
resort for talking and gossiping; — talk, conversation, 
deliberation. (2) Lenn. allies it to A4xos, Thus 
Cubiculum is * a part of the house in which we both 
pass the day and sleep the night:* Forcell. (3) ' Chald. 
lischan, lingua:' Mrt. 'Or Hebr. Uschcah, conclSve:* 

Afvyd\f0Sf 'in sad plight, wretched, — sad, gloomy, 
dismal, mournful ; allied to htgeo, (Jugttbris) :' Ldd. 
and Dnn. And to Gr. KOQu, KiKvya, to sob, XOy^v, 
Compare vEvfcelAt/AOf. 

AtvKQOfUi^ Ion. of AavfcaWa. 

At<nai, the white poplar; white leprosy. — From 

Aev«c^5, bright, dear, white.— Damm: 'B. kUos, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



the 8Tin\ E as in XEvydXeoSy irEvKdXifJLOf, So allied 
to lux, lucis, (Z) R. Xe^irw, tA.€A€w/ca, to see: Clear 
to the view. To this and to TKaunhs Dnn. allies it. 

AtvphSf smooth, leveL— * Ion. for Actor ;' Dnn. * From 
XcTos:' Ldd. 

Acvs, Dor. of AactSj stone. 

Ae6<raw, to look or gaze on. — Allied to Ada to see, 
i.e. to TAKE with the eyes: through tX««, whence 
Ac(a, &c. In form as vpdSMt. Mrt. adds d<r<r€, with 
the eyes. ? 

Ae^w, to stone. — B. Xe^j. 

AexPJ, a bed, &c. lecttu. — K. Kiyopim, act. X^Xexo. 
So Ainrpov from X^Xe/croi, 

Atxpkos, slanting. — R. \4yofMif to lie down, as A^ 
Xos : So Tecta cubantia, in Lacretius, are explained 
* which hang sideways.' Damm : ' One who bends him- 
self seems as if he meant to lie on the ground.' Com- 
pare Cumbo with K&irrw. 

Acx^i a woman in \4xos child-bed. 

f AEn, Lat. f foo, few, fAIfi, whence Aur^r^s, fAOfl, 
as in Ao^, ATfi, Primitive words, prim, to rub, scrape, 
— scrape off, undo, loosen,— rub away in smoothing or 
polishing, smooth. — Possibly allied to Ad», to take (off 
the surface). — Plato deduces the sense of smooth from 
the liquid nature of the letter A. 

AktVf leOf a Uon, — ^The seizer, from Xciw, KdQafuUj 
•fXew, whence Aefo. So KpdwVf the ruler, — Or, The 
seer : from X«J«, fXcw, Xci^tretf, to see. * A very 
sharp-sighted beast, say Bochart and Manetho :* Pkh. 

Af^Sf the same as Aa6s, 

A€tos, entirely, wholly, — Herm. from XeTos: 'smooth- 
ly : much like the vulgarism Slick away :' Ldd. 

A&cpryhst audacious. — B. Xcwf, entirely, l^pyu topya 
to do : Who does entirely what he pleases. The use of 
AiToupyos in this sense gives much support to this 
deriv. (2) B. Xa, Hoprya. 

Aiiyu, to cause to cease, to give over. — * Obviously 
another form of Aeyw', says Dnn. i.e. of A^70|u», to lie 
down,A^X^s, &c. (a) Bather allied to Aa7apor, Ae/irw, 
AtdCofJuiiy Aim, through f X((w or Xew, as fr^ccv, TfiHr». 
SeefAEH, (3) Allied to our /<^. 

AiilBwov, the gum collected on the leaves of the 
shrub AHA02. Some say hxudanum : Mrs. Loudon 
denies it. 

A^hos, Apidptov, AfiUloy, AvjtSiov, a light thin sum- 
mer dress. — Damm from XcXoj, f^pos, smooth. So 
*P€?o, 'VritSios. See the end of Als 2. 

Aiieniy forgetfulness, from X^0», to escape the notice 
of (myself ) : — in f Aodeo). 

Atft^o/xeu, to plunder.— B. Xcio, Xiytiy, Xrits, booty. 

A-qiov, a corn-field, corn standing on the land, or a 
field with its crop. Also Doric Aouoi^, which means be- 
sides a sickle^ and so seems allied to Ac(a, plunder.' The 
sense of corn-field and corn agrees well with the senses 
^ of ^Ariti, for Acfa, booty in general, slaves, cattle, 
cbcquisition, property ;' (Dnn.) 

AiiiTOP, a town-halL — B. X€^s, people : Aiirov, 

Ai7Kc« : in KtuciM, 

Ai7K€w, = \aucd((a, 

AiiKvBl(Uf to anoint with salves or cosmetics kept in 
a AriKvOos, 

AiiKvBos, oil-bottle, flask, bottle; — big-sounding 
words, as AmpullsB. — Allied to A4kos, AfKdyri, pot, 

Arj/My wish, will, disposition :— high-mindedness. — 
— B, •fKdwj X«, fX^XTj/xeu, to wish, 

Aii/xTij blearedness, sore-eyes,~I.e. an affection of 
the sight, from X<£«, XtArjfjuu, to see. So Frenzy from 
<l>p€v6s : Nervousness, where the Nerves are affected : 
Bov6it»f both the groin and an affection of it : Yaletudo, 
bad health. (2.) 'The forms PX^^ij, TKdfiri, are 
quoted: Lat. gramia:* Ldd. TX^Ni} is the eye, 
jyXdM, yXaicratOy to see. 

ArifAfuiy anything received or taken, &c. R Xo/u^ 
Sdpofy fx^^w, \4krjfificu. Also, an assumption, takmg 
for granted, a lemma spec, in Mathematical books. 

ArifiplffKos, woollen fillet, ribbon. — ^As 6M€piiws, rlM^ 
vKrifUf for KrivlffKos from \^yos. 

Ar}vcuos, Bacchus. — K Kriyhs, the wine-press. 

ATJyoSi D. \ayos, lana, wool, — The Etymol. M.: * Af- 
alywy Xcay», to make soft, Xeayhs, X^yos'. So Vriyds. 
(a) * Arab, lany to be soft :' Mrt 

Arivhsy D. \dyhs, * like Lacus, anything shaped like 
a tub, trough, kneading-trough, wine-fat, socket for the 
mast, coffin :' Ldd. — *^ f X^, \afi6dywy to contain : ' 
Dnn. As y<£«, "VtivSs, (Z) * Aijyis, the vat, where 
the grapes are trodden : perh. from Xeolcw, to bruise :* 

Aij|t5, cessation: X^w, |«. And the casting of 
lots : t^^X^i l*» Xopyxovw. 

A^pof, silly trifling talk, pompons nonsense. — Mrt 
from Xa, ^4(o, to speak. Or Xo, ip&. (2) Better, as 
contr. frOm KcMtphSf talking : fXacp^r, X^pojr. 

Aripos^ *■ a golden ornament in the female head-dress:' 
Dnn.— Perh. from X^pos^ trifling, frivolous nonsense : 
Above. Note our sense of Trifle at the table. 

Ai^tr/uMT^n;, Amris, forgetfulness, X^^. — B. fX-^^w, 
\4\ri<rfwx, XMy$dyeo^ 

Ajjo-T^s, AijiVrT^j, a robber. — B. \rit(ofiai, XeXi^torcu. 

Atjt&oVj a temple of AHTA, Latona, 

Ai-, for Alav. 

Aid(oiJLcu. The prim, meaning of f AiiC^w, says Heyne, 
is to loosen, disjoin : AtdCofxat^ to move myself from a 
place, to go or come. Hence, *A-Xfo(rTos, very much 
moved, disturbed. — ^Atd(ta, to loosen, allied through 
f X/a> and f X^o) to Aim, Acfirai, AelSw. See Aurahs, 
AiySos^ &c 

Aiay, very.— Prop, vehemently, allied to K€'Ktrifi4yos 
' vehement', (Dnn.) Like "Ayaof^ n4pay, 

Aiap6s : ^ x^'^^'* 

Ai6ayos, the frankincense-tree.— 'Dnn. from Xef^w, 
\i€uj to drop, shed. * It is well-known that the an- 
cients used frankincense in their libations and sacrifices :' 
1 Lenn, (2) Bp, Butler: ^Tbe best frankincense being 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



white, Arab, fi&cni, Ubanoa became the Greek lor it, and 
otibamm among the modern merchants.' 

AtShSf a droppinir, trickling. ^B. KtiSv, XigA, 

Ai€os, the Lat liintm, 

AiSpht, dripping, wet j— hence, looking dreary, gloomy. 

Ai€vpp\s, a Liburman ship. 

Afyo, for Aiy^ as 'Hito for "Xlic^o. 

A/77W, to twang. ' We Romans/ says Qnintilian, 
^ are not permitted to make words Uhe tke sound : who 
would tolerate our forming anything simiUr to that 
deseryedly-oelebrated expression of Homer, Aiy^t fii6s, 
The bow twanged ? ' (a) Dnn. from \iy6s. 

Aiy^ny, superficially ; prop, just licking or grazing. 
— K. \€ix» or XlC^i AcAciKTOi or X^Aucroc 

Ai7Sof, a mortar. .Aid^« shows a verb f Afw = A^, 
lo loosen, whence as ^Miyvj so ^Aiyw, and Aiyios as 
MiySa, * Perh . from A€««, tero :' Mrt See Af<ryo».— 
Also, a cradble for melting metals, from the same sense 
of loosening and dissolving. 

Aiyvhi, soot, smut, smolo, a smoky fire.— 'A smoky 
blaze*, says Wr. Whence from \iO» or Ac^xw, as we 
say a Lambent fiame : * playing about,* (Dr. J.). The 
fiame. says Horace, ' properabat kanbere tectum'. (2) 
Diasohed coal, from the same root as Aiyhos, 

AirrPION, the Ugwre stone. ' A sort of amber which 
the alders are said to throw out at the Po which fiows 
from a spring on the boundaries of the Ligures Yagienni :* 
Steph. (a) See Ldd. below in Auyfco^piof.— (Very 

Aryus, Atyvphs^ shrill, high-sounding, full-sounding, 
clear.— 'R. \irY»:' Mrt, (a) * Some from A(f», to 
lick, graze, which, however, occura only in the later 
writers:' Dnn. 

Ai(», |», < the same sense as Afix», {«; both kindred 
forms:' Dnn. * 

AlBoSj a stone;— -blocks of stone used for rostra. — 
Allied to Aurcbs, smooth: AciA, to smooths: f^iW, f^- 
XlOriv. A smooth pebble on the shore. * He chose him 
five tmooth stones XiBovs Actov? out of the brook:' 
1 Sam. 17. See also AZ/ityi), Atfxiiv. 

AucfittSf AiKvoVy a wicker fan for throwing com against 
the wind to winnow it. — Allied to Atyhiv ' superficially,' 
through \4\txf"Uj (aa AIkttis from AfAurro* is one that 
Micks,') — the process being superficial, dispersing the 
lighter particles, but retaining the substance. 

AlKvoVf also * a fan-shaped ba:>ket, and a cradle prob. 
of wicker-work,* Ldd. Above. 

AucpupU, obliquely. — Allied to Aixptos, For Acirpi- 
if>is: ending as ati^lX I, as rEryw, tingo: sEmi- 
'Caput, sEm-capnt, sEnciput, sinciput (a) Dnn. notes 
Lat. Uquus^ ob-Uqmus: and refers Aucpupls and these 
List to Ai^w. 

AiAoIofuu, to desire,— R. Xdu, to wish, f AiA^, as 

AlfiSos, a bite word for Alxws, Allied to Aff«, Afl- 
X^i through a form f Af«To». 

Ai/uVf ^f » a haibor, and Al/in;, a hike or pool, are 
both allied to AciA, to make smooth. Ai^Vi *ays Valck., 
is where the waves of the sea are smoothed and quiet. 
And A/ftny Le. AciovM^ni or f AcA^^ is water smooth 
and quiet. From a form fA/w, whence Aurohs, smooth. 
See f AEA. (a) Some deduce Aifufji from Ac/$o», Ac 
Aci/i/i^viy, to pour forth water, as Stagnum, says Ldd., 
from ardfi», 

Aifuni : in Aift^v. 

AifibSf hunger, fiimine. — The old form is said to be 
\fifihsj which from Ac(iro», AiXti/Afuu, defido : Deficiency 
or defect of food. The Latins say Fame defectus. (a) 
R Aiirro/uu, AcXc/<ftoi, to long for (food). 

Ai/iwdyw : form of Ac^ww, Anrw, as KaM6Aim. 

Aiycirr^f, a hunter ising nets. — From 

A/voK, /tmfm, the plant producing flax ; hence any- 
thing made of fiaz, anglePs Une, thread, cord, (men, 
Unen cloth, sail, net, string of a lyre. — * The Etym. M, 
from Acibv, smooth : and perhaps truly:' Scbneid. So 
Mrt from Aciok. Flax, says Dr. J., is 'the fibrous 
plant of which the Jinest thread is made.' 

Alvosy the song of Zmuf , son of Apolla 

Aiwap^Sf * persisting, persevering in; — earnest in 
begging or praying;— Alirapws Ix^"'* ^^ ^ ^° earnest, 
long earnestly. Prob. allied to Aiwrofuu^ Aifftrofuu, am 
eager for, long for :' Ldd. Far better than Schneider and 
Passow, who ally it to AixapSs: ' From the viscidity of 
unctuous substances.' The quantity opposes. 

Aaraphsj oily, shining, sleek, fat, plentiful.— R \iiros, 

Atw€pv^Sf 'desolate, outcast: for Aivo-^py^f, from 
A€iirw, ^cpi^ :' Ldd. So Au^pvcw. (a) ' R. Ac/wo- 
/lai^ to be deficient ; ^pavor, benevolence, alms :' Grove. 
(3) R. AtiTfltf, -f Ipa : Fugitive from the ground or land. 

Afvo;, AlvaSy grease, fat, lard, oil. — ''AAc(^ and 
AflScot libOf are prob. akin :' Ldd. And Aclbs, smooth, 
and Aurtrbs, smooth, and Aifjoni^ AtfiiiVf prop, a smooth 
lake, a smooth harbor. 

Aiirrofiou, to be eager for: the same as Aitrco/uu, 
Airrofuu^ to supplicate. 

Aipbst bold, impudent— Mrt for Ai-opbs, from Xiop 
6p&: Looking too much at So Meletius explains it 
* iv-opSov- &-TCVCS' (intentlj). See AcuSp^f, and the 
contrast in Ai8($». (a) R. Afar, or Ai-, only: for 
f Ai6p($t. See MoAcptJs. (Rare.) 

AI2, a lion. — Some say, for \ia9v : but how ? Better 
Bochart, &c. from Ghald. Us. 

Als for Ato-o-^, smooth. And to this is allied the 
Homeric dat Airl and plur. Arret, 'plain smooth linen 
cloth or stu£&,' Ldd. : ' fine linen, prop, a smooth tissue,' 

Aiiryof , spade, mattock. — * Strictly, a tool for level- . 
ling, from Aura6s, Akiu to ligOy cms: and to Ai- 
arpov:* Ldd. 

Aiairaiy ' dice cut in the middle and [as in A£(nrof ,] 
toom by use,' Rnhnk. They were in pairs, and fitted . 
each other exactly by the indenture; and, on friends 
separating, one i^as kept by each to prove afterwards 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



the reality of tlie bond. Bnt rather, as made level at 
first, than worn bj use. — From 

A(<nrof, AiafpoSf smoTtb, polished, worn fine or thin : 
like AurtrSs. 

Aurtrooflos, as'^fi Xurtrdunc, bone I I.e. O mj fine 
fellow I Aurtrls signifying snK)oth» and Alawps smooth, 

AlffffofieUf to ask^beseech. — Mrt forAlirr^fuu through 
A^, to wish, and f Airrw as NIvtw. (2) As *E«c€ivo5, 
KctiKOf, and 'Irrift^, KrAen, so for i\iaar9fiatj to roll 
myself (before a person) * AdvohoTf in the manner of 
one snpplicating or adoring: Livy, Omnium genibns 
fie advolvens. Velleius, Genibos ejus advohUM est. 
Gurtius, AdvolfOa est pedibns ejus. Propertius, Bacche 
tnis advolvimw aris ' : ForoelL (S) Schneid. from Xi- 
for A(av, vehemently. ? 

. Ai<r<r^f, smooth. — All compare AtTos : Le. from obs. 
f A(», \4\iff(T€Uf to make smooth. See At/xV) Aifuni* 

Alfftrwfid of the hair, Le. the crown from wliich the 
hair sets different ways. — R Kiaahsj smooth, bare: 
The bare part 

Aiorpov^ tool for levelling or scraping, shovel, hoe.— 
Allied to Axo-iic^s, and Aiayos, Ugo, otUs, 

A?ra : in Als. 

AiTopyos, hastening; Airapyi{M\ and *AvO'\trap- 
yl(i»j ' to slip off. Perhaps from Xi-, and iLpy6s :' Ldd. 
Bnt tlie T ? — Since the Anthd. P. 6 332 has Aira 
short, so AXrapyos from ^Xirhs = Xirhs, prop. * smooth,' 
and ipry6s. As To slip off, is from Sax. * slrpe,' slippery ; 
and To slide away, is prop, to pass along smoothly; 
(Todd.) and To glide, is to move swiftly and smoothly 

Airo/ioi, = hiaffofiat. So Air^ prayer, Atravtia, &c 

Airhsy plain, simple ; properly ' smooth, even, as Ac?of , 
At<rv6s :' Ldd. * As Airo/Mu is a furm tor Aiatrofuu t' Dnn. 

AiToupyhs^ a wicked doec— This is strictly to be 
compared with the ubserv. of Liddell on Ac«s, and with 
Acwpyds : noting also Airapyos above. 

Air pa, a pound weight — 'Perh. from Anhs, small, 
slender, as denoting a smaller kind of weight:' Pkh. 
Thns Salmas. observes of Airpov^ that ' it was said of 
mthttte silver money, not of heavy copper money.' 

Airpov : for tiirpov, 

Ai<p€py4otf = XiTTtpyiM, 

ALxtaros, Uckmff : Ktlx^, *0 Xixcuns, the fore- 
finger with which dishes are tasted. Aixc^ X'^P^^i 
the chord struck with the fore-finger. 

Aixtw-Oo, to lick, — R Ac/x(«> 

At'xvos, dainty so as to Ikk his fingers or dishes, 
Jickerishj greedy; — greedy after, curious, eager.— B. 

AlV^, the S.W. wind.— B. Aei^w, ^^w : 'because it 
brought wet : ' Ldd. ^ Leuco-notus Libs^ Auson. : * notns * 
being from v/nUj moisture. 

Ah^j the same as At^dr. Also a cliff, i.e. from which 
water flows. Or short for AiyU^.— And a longing, 
from AiiTTw, J'w. 

AoihSf skm, htill, pod.--B. A^<v,' XlAosra, XxyirSs. 
Any fleshy protuberant part iike a pod : as a lobe of 
the lungs or ears. Ao^ol, kidney-beans, as eaten pod 
and all. 

Ao7^e^ the eyes: i.e. the 8peaken.<«»B. \4y», 

Ao7&f, jncked, chosen : — unhewn, said of stones, 
' taken just as they were ]Mcked : ' Ldd. 

Aoyydoria, stones with holes in them through which 
cables were passed to moor vessels. — From \oYyd(u as 
XayydCuf to slacken, and so rest Allied to Aayap6s, 

AayuoVj a pulpit, &c. — B, Aeyw : Place for spealdng. 

Aoy i(ofAai, to reckon, judge. — See A&yos 2. 

AAyifios, of good account, well judged or thought o£ 

— Above. 

A6y toy y oracular answer — From 

A6yos, word said, report, fable, as this from Farl— 

— B. A^», AAoyo. 

AiyoSf counting, i e. collecting numbers ; here Aty» 
is legOf eolligo : — (and as aeligOy to select,) judgment, 
reasoning, as in k^: proportion, as in homo-hgoua 

AAyxn, a spear-head r-^spear, lance.— For Arfx'?* («» 
XaVxiy^')* from Aefx*', AeA0ix«i to lick, says Dr. 
Jones, as thinking that it prim, and properly meant the 
tip of the tongue. Compare rAcwr<ra with T\»xi-y* 
O, as otEIxo*, cttOxos. (a) The words Aotyht, Aoi- 
/i^r, AqiSop^v, showan obsol. wwd f A^», to be injurious. 
(See Aoi7dj.) Then from f^^^ofa may be ^k6xiu 
^^TXyi ' the head of the spear being the injuricus part 
(3) Ormst from Aaryx^* x4Xjoyxa: 'As aHoainff 
the life or death of the soldier.' Too figuratively. (4) 
Some ally it toLat lonj^ : As meaning the whole spear. 

AAyxn^ » lot : Ao^x^^i XiTyajxa^ 

Aoc», A6», Ao6wf to wash.— •* Allied to A^, to loose 
the dirt : As Homer uses Ai^fiara for filth washed off:* 
Pkh. 'Akin to ASfta, A^ : firom it Lat dl-ltN>, e-kto / 

Ao«$^, libation : \fi€»j AcAoi^a. 

AoiyhSf destruction, ruin. — ^ If any one attends to the 
analogy, he will see that Aoiybs and AmpAs have a com.- 
mon origin : from the prim. fA^w, f Aciv, fAofw, to de- 
stroy :' Hemsterh. This f Aolw or f A^ is allied to Aiu^ 
to looten, as is seen in Aoi», (2) * Akin to Auypos :' 
Dnn. ? 

AoiSopeu, to hurt a character, defame, revile. — As 
Blaspheme is from jSAacr-^/uo) = ^Aoif'-^M^, to injure 
the character, so AOlBopw is allied to AOl7^s, ruin, as 
Blomf. truly allies it 

AotfihSf plague, pestilence.— 'Allied to Aoiyds. (2) 
* Hebr. hem, to eat : ' Wr. 

Aoiir^f, l«ft, remaining. — B. Aetir», A^oiwa. 

AeiaBos, the last— Ldd. thinks from Aoiirds, Xolvir 
OTos, '\\ourros. (2) As Aoi7^t, AoifwSf AoiSopcM,— ? 
from the obs. f Aom^Aofo-^v: Hurt, disabled, lagging, 
as in an army, or as in a race, as in Vlrg. Mu, 327, &c. 
Thus Blomf. derives it . , 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



AoKKif, a doBk, and A^ftii. — Pfob. iEol. for X^wi}, 
BS in XiKiBoSf from Xhrto. A&wos is a hide, (Onlj in 
jm Epigram.) 

Aortas, Apollo. — R Xo^os: From the oblique coarse 
of the San throngh the Zodiac, or its oblique rajs. 
Some from the tortuoos answers of his oracle. (2) 
Ldd. from Alyw, X^|o», as the interpreter of Jupiter. 

Ao{or, obliqne» distorted. — ^Allied to A^pios, (which 
see,) through \iyofuu, \4Ktxa, X<\o{ou. (2) * Hebr. 
ieZf to turn aside :' Wr. 

Ao^it, Diana, sister of Ai^ias, 
. AoiriLSj a flat dish or plate : i.e. ' Ktwrii thin as Xo- 
irhs bark:^Stepfa. — Also, a coffin: I suppose one of 
^t thin boards. We say The sheil of a coffin. From 

Aoir6Sf rind, peel, shell, bark, husk ; — hide, leather. 
— R. Acirw, Kikowa, to peel,<&c. 
• Aop5Jf, bent forwards or inwards. — As Kuprds is 
allied ultimately to Kuw, and Mapy6s to fMctw, and 
Largus to f A^, so Aof>8of from the obsol. word f \«$», 
f \of», to hurt, as seen in Aotydsj Aoi/iot, AotSop4u. 
Generally, injured, (a) ^Lordy* says Todd, * is a Itidi- 
crous title given by the vulgar to a hump-backed person.' 

Ao^ : in Aocw. Aovrpoy, a bath. 

Aoipplst for f AoirWf , a torch made of the Xovos bark 
of the vine. 

A64>0Sj the neck, — ridge of a hill, as A€tpd; — crest 
of a helmet, — tuft on birds' heads. — ^As Acf/n} from 
Sipoff so A6<^s, A6iroSf from XixuC Dnn. See al« 
together in A4fni, (Z) Our Iqft. 

A&xiof, appertaining to child-birth. Allied to A^x^ff 
a bed.. So Aox«v», to bring forth ; — attend in child- 

^^XM-% a thicket, bush, '•from Mxos, as serving for 
the lair of wild-beasts,' Ldd. : i. e. allied to A^x^') & bed. 
Or \6xos is a place of lying in ambush. 

A6xoi, ambush, lying in wait, from X^o^tcu, XeXoxo, 
to lie, Acxo') a bed« The men in ambush ; — any regu- 
lar armed band, — body or company. 

A^, A^, a dissolving, — hence faction, riot. — ^R. \6oi, 

Avoibf, Lyasus, Bacchus. — R. Xvw: Deliverer from 

AiyHriv, (as Mf^SrjK,) with sobs ; Airy/*bs, a sob ; 
A^yf, violent sobbing, hiccup. — R. X<Jf«, \4\uyfuu, &c 

A^5o5, a dazzling white stone, white marble. — Allied 
to A^Kfi, and LuXj lucUj Lucidtu. * R. Xevic^s, white:' 
Greg. We have A{ry^, ^ KtiKO, the WHITE 
poplar, in Hesych. 

Ai^, gloom, darkness. — Allied to Avyphs, doleful, 
melancholy, sad, from X^(<v, \4\vya^ tc sob. (2) Dnn. 
allies Aiyn (Av|,^ and Ni>(, * N and A being freq. inter- 
changed.' So fJirpov and Airpov, 

AvyiC»j *■ to bend, twist. From ATrOS, a willow- 
twig :' Dnn. A^os was also the willow-like tree, the 
agnus-castus used for wreath& Perh. from Xtw, as being 
loose and flexible. 

AvyKo^ptoVy Aiyxo^tov, Avyyoitpiov, * a kind of gem, 
reddish amber, or as others tbe hyacinth. Some from 

Xvyxbs ahfk [orine], from the vulgar belief that it wiis 
lynxes^ water petrified : ' Ldd., who identifies it with 
Ajyiptov, the Ugure stone. 

Au7{ : in A^TSijy. 

A^os : in AJuylfu, 

Auyphs, sad, gloomy, dismal, as lugubris : — R X^((v, 
K4\vya or l^Kvyoy, Also, causing gloom and wretched- 
ness, banefdl, hurtful, as AciryoX^f . 

AvBlfuj to imitate the Lydkms. 

A^(u, to sob: — to hiccup.— *R Xt^, as Mifor, Mv^v: 
To have the voice loosed and broken into sobs, much as 
KXa/v from K\du, and 'P^{ai as is stated in KXcdv. 
We say, To be dissolved in tears. (2) Lennep says, 
* Undoubtedly from the sound.' (3) R oXoMCbo. 

AiidpoVj litium, filth, defilement ; — gore : also as AD- 
fia, filth, dirt, * removed by washing ; prob. from Xoi(o», 
bto (dUuo) : ' Ldd. and Dnn. Or Xi^w, iK^dnv, to loose, 
do away with. 

AvKdSas, ayroSf a year.-— R Xifmi, fids: The periodic 
course of the Sun. 

Aifiraia, «y, festival of LyccBon Jupiter, called from 
Mount Lycaau in Arcadia. 

A6Kttoy, the Lyceum^ gymnasium at Athens, named 
after the neighbouring temple of 

A^icciof , Apollo, ' as the killer of XiSkoi, wolves ; or 
as the Lycian god ; or from Xi^ncij, the light, .fischylus : 
A(fic€(' ftya|, Xifxctof ycyov, Lycean lord, be a very wolf 
to the enemy:' Ldd. 

AJm;, UiXy Zucw, light — ' As Xeuic^, white: ' Schrev. 
(a) ' The sun is cdled XtJicos from Xv», XeXvico, to 
loosen, unbind, open :' Lenn. It is a \vaios : * Solvit 
crassitiem aeris,' says Mrt (3) Sanskr. lochj to shine. 

A^icioy, * a Lycian kind of thorn ; — a liquor from it 
as a medicine :' Ldd. and Dnn. 

AvKtJToScs, tyrants' body-guards, *perh. because they 
wore wolf-skin boots :' Ldd. — R Xifxof, ir<(5«s. 

AvKoSf Mo\, fXuiros, Ztipttf, a wolf; — spikes on horses' 
bits jagged like a wotf's teetfa, Lat hpata; 'a hook or 
knocker on a door; — hook of a well-rope ; — nickname 
of K/veu9oi:' Ldd. — ^'From Xciicnrw [XeXevica,] to gaze 
upon, or from Xi(ici}, light :' Ewing. Pliny says that 
a wolf's eyes Splendere et hioem jaculari. — Wr. from 
\fvK6s, * From its white color, whence Theocr. calls it 
iroXihv XiiKov : ' Scheld. 

AwicA^s, twilight— *R XitKos : Wolf-light, when the 
wolf prowls, like Owl-light, Bat-light :' Ldd. (2) For 
KxTfoipas, R X^77 darkness, ^s light 

Av/xa, lutum^ filth, as in A^poK :— moral defilement, 
disgrace: — also as 

Aiii% ruin, destruction, allied to Aoiphs^ and Lat hut. 
Hemst says * as ^t^ucra (dissolving,) destroying.' Also, 
injury done to another by outrage and insult Defile- 
ment, as AGfio. 

Aviri}, pain, grief. — R X^, solvo. Plato calls it 
the ZiA^\vais of the body, and Cicero the * Sckttio totias 
hominis.' 'My limbs X^oi Xi^ri?,' Eurip. 

Avff'pbs, painful.— Above. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



' Aipa, tfffa, a fyre or harp.— R \^, as A0v, Aifpa. 
That is, XvaioSf * delivermg from care/ (Dnn.) as Bac- 
chus waa called for that reason. In 1 Sam. 16. 23 
David took a harp and played, and Saul was * refreshed.' 
— Mythology derived it from the same A^, the honor 
of the invention being given over by Mercury to Apollo 
as a Xirpoy compensation for stealing his cows. See 
Hon Od. 1. 10. 6. 

• Avo'i'tipShsj (ooiSbs,) ' one who played women's cha- 
racters in male atture: from Lysis who wrote songs for 
such t* Ldd. 

Ai^o-a, frenzy, madness.-^ R A^, kOata: Solotio, 
dissolutio animi, lit. looaemng of the mind, as Ai^ of 
the body and mind. (2) R. hXvv, kkbtrw, am frantic 

A<Vrai, LyUB^ law-students ready to be examined and 
KbfOf solve questions. So 

A^f , a deliverer ; Athpov, ransom paid fbr deliver- 
ance. — B. A^. 

A^poSy a flambeau, JycAiMf#.— R. Ai^my, light. 

Aiw, to loose^ loosen, release, dissolve : — to pay a 
debt, htOf as Solvo is uised. Also, to pay cost, to be 
worth while, to be of use or profit : so AJct r^Ai}, it pays 
toll, it pays one, it profits.— See in f AEA. 

Aw, I wbh, fbr Adu. 

AASfif outrage, ill-treatment, maiming. — ^From the ob- 

soL t A&9, AoCv, to injure, as in Aory&f , Aot/jAsj AoiSopS, 
Gomp. icAwBOS, icoAoBOS. (2) 'Chald. /aa6, to 

AuydoftoVf dewlap hanging from the neck of oxen. — 
Perh. from A^/uu, A^Ao7a, to lie down : Becumbent 
(m the ground. Our word says it laps the dew. 
* Their heads are hung With ears that sweep away the 
morning dew, .... Dew-lapp'd :' Shaksp. (Only in 

AtaUfv, Aifuv, more to be desired, better. — B. XSy to 
wish. As Optimus is Optatissimus. 

Aufia, a hem, fringe. — K Atiw, Xw/juty asKAeCdrf, 
KAe6/«of : Which you lay hold of by. Or which takes 
up and holds the vest, *to keep the threads from 
spreading :' (Dr. J.) 

Ano^ a Macedonian month. — Q. ? (Veiy rare.) 

Afi^, a skin, husk, shell, like Aoir^s: — hence a 
covering, mantle, robe. 

AAPON, the Latin hrum, 

AwToSj a pipe made of the AAT02 lotus plant, which 
AtbensBus makes an Egyptian word. 

AM^>dot, to take rest, or cause to do so r * prop, of 
oxen, when their yokes are taken from their a3^o* 
necks:* Steph. 


Ma, mother, for Wartp, 

Ma, ' by,* in oaths, as M& Al\ By Jove.—* Mk and 
M^y/ says Liddell, * are near akin.* And M^ is a form 
of MV, verily. So that MA Af is property 'Verily (by) 
Jove.* So Nvv and Nv, Z^iv and X<pi. So our AN be- 
comes A before a consonant. (2) Dnn. makes it ' A 
particle of denial formed from fvfiJ (3) * Chald. ma, 
cerUi :* Mrt. 

MArAAlS, a harp with 20 strings ; — also a Lydian 
flute. And MAFAS, dtSos , the bridge of a lute, ' whence*, 
says Steph., ' is Mdyadis* But these seem foreign words. 

MdYyavoy, * a means of deception, a charm or drug ; 
— [any clever machine, as a hunting-net,] a machine 
for throwing missive weapons, — the axis of a ball in a 
spinning wheel, by which a powerful effect is produced. 
Most prob. from fidyoSy a magician:* Dnn. So Mrt 
Also, a bolt, which may be from imiffau, fiay&j whence 
iv-ffid^oTo in Nicander, * he pushed or forced in.' 

MaT^oAiit, a crumb used for wiping the hands at 
table. — B. fAdo'Cfo, fjufjuucrai, fiAy9riy, 

Marytia, the theology of the Magians .*— ■ the magic 
art— B. /i^rw- 

Mdyeiposy * a cook : from ftdtrfrw, [fwryS,] for [knead- 
ing flour and] baking bread was the chief business of 
the ancient cook: — a butcher, for in early times the 
cook was butcher also ; * Ldd. 

MayUf a kneading-trough ;>- cake kneaded. -«B» 
fiAtrtrUf fueyQ. 

MdymiSi a Magnesian : — a magnet, * first found near 
the city of Magnesia :* Dnn. 

MArOS, a Persian priest and philosopher: — a ma- 
gician.— Thought by all a Persian word. * They write 
it maguscit:* Mrt, 

Ma5<£», Mv9Am, madeo, to be moist, and putrid through 
moisture ; — to fall off or melt away ; — lose the hair.— 
The peculiarity here (as in ftAtrro^, /uTorol,) b that 
both fiABdot and fAtidoo are found. Which is the ori-> 
ginal ? Mvdos is damp, and Lennep refers it to M pre- 
fix (as in many words,) and 09df water. See in Mau- 
Aurr^f , Mtpfxis, &c. (2) * Hebr. met, to be dissolved :' 
Wr. (3) Allied to ourmud^mod Su. Goth., moder Germ. 

Moil(wf to pull out the hair : i.e. make it fiill offl— * 

Ma(a, Md(a, a cake of bariey-meal. — ' B. ^/Jid(u or 
nda-aM, to kjiead: farina subacta:* Hemsterh. (2) 
'Hebr. meeee, to press:* Wr. 'Hebr. masssah, a fer- 
mented mass :* Dahle. 

Maibs, the teat, dug ; — a wet-nurse. — ' Akin to 
fjdaav, fioffdofxai:* Dnn. (2) 'B. fidu, to seek fbr 
ardently. The Etym. M. well explains it rh roTs Pp4^ 
^>€fft fyroi/xtpoy :* Valck. (3) B. fiS, mother. (4) 
' Hebr. m&see, to squeeze ;* Wr. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



MAaAAAIAES, cn]^ or metsnres :— oocorriug only ' 
inAthen.487.— Q.? 

f Ma0e», ViaMBaMv, to learn. — < B. ijd», [^^(hTf J 
to seek, or desire to know :' Dnn. 

Moio, like Ma^ ma, mother, nurse, midwife, grand- 
mother : — title of respect (2) Some from luSuu^ to be 
eager, anxiooa. 

McUoySfwy, ' a winding way. From & river in Asia, 
the MoBcmder, remarkably winding, II. 2. 169.:' Dnn. 
• MflUftiim}f , Juj^iter ' tiie Boisterous, in whose honor 
the Mcamacieria were kept at Athens in the first winter 
month :' Ldd. From /MUjtia{, violent, fioufidaraWf = /ucu- 

MoifuSw, to rage:— violently long for. — Bedupl. of 

Mod'w, to drive to foiy, makd mad. — B. /^ as 
fBdoa, Balvu, 

Maiofuu, like fMdtw, to seek after. 

MaTfMx, the dog-sUr, ' strictly, the Sparkler, from 
(f /Aofpfti,) fioppiaipofj Ldd. 

MAISAN, a native cook at Athens, opposed to 
« foreign one :— and ' the comic mask of a cook, sailor,* 
&c.t Ldd. — Q.? (Very rare.) 

MeuuTitrrl, in the Scythian fashion. — From the people 
adjacent to the Lacos Afasotis. 

MdKopy blessed, happy. — Formed like Mcucpbsj which 
see : and meaning ' Advanced' or 'got cu' well, as in 
c9 fi€€riKios, fjKuu Buydfi€us, &c.: Getting on in the 
world, (a) Aristotle from x^P*^y X^V* • then MA for 
ftd\a. See on MavXurr'tis. (3) 'Chald. mejakkar, 
precious, honored : ' Mrt. 

Mcucttf>rT»jj,of blessed memory. — * Above. 

McbccAAo, MoiceAi}, a mattock, spade. — * From ir^\Ao», 
ee2/o, to drive: if with two prongs, SI-KEAAA:' Ldd. 
The MA- Portos derives from MIA, one. For /am^ 
vKcXAo, opposed to 9t- i.e. Zh in Sf-iccAAo. 

MAKEAAON, Uhe shambles: the Lat macdhm 
Grecised:' Schrev. 

MoKicTT^p, long and tedions. And 'i^6^tunos^ very 
long, from Maicos , length, allied to Mcurp^s. 

MajcK0(f4w, am silly. — 'Said to be from Macco, a 
stupid woman. Gf. macau foolish in Apuleius:' Ldd. 
So *AKKl(ofuu from one Acco. — Or M as in Mep/ar. 

Maicpby, MoKsBvhSj long, large. — If we compare 
f/LdKap and M^as, we may be led to refer fAoucpbs to 
•ffuiMj ^/xtfAUKo, (as in Ain6-fMT05 like AwrtJ-juoAoj,) 
to move 01), go on : Advanced, got on, grown long or 
large, as in the expressions Tcpo-fialv I^K^^^t *^ ^'^ ''^^ 
/3iov, &c SeefMAn. 

MdjcTpOj kneading-trough ; — hence bathing-tub. — 
B. fJuUrtrVf fiitujcrai, 

Mourcl)V, moaning : firiKdofiou. 
McUft, very, much. — For MfydXOf greatly, as Si-vul- 
tis Sultis, Volis Vis, Renideo Bideo, Funenilis Feralis. 
(a) R. fidiM, to be vehement (3) * Hebr. mc/o, to 
fill:' Wr. 

MaAaic6f, soft, mild: btm fui}<dffcu. As ^lAio-Jw, 

«uAaKi (a) Don. makes MoXoic^ WXhKs, MA^, the 
same as BKd^: thence MaXdaaw. But the first A in 
fiA\aK6s ? (3) 'R fiaXhs or fiaXA^r, wool:' Hemsterh. 
MaX^trw, to soften. — As oAXASSA. B. ftdXa, much : 
To do or work a thing much, work it weU. Thus A*i^4a 
is ' to soften by working in the hands,' (Dnn.). Com* 
pare Ldd. below in Ma\fp65, (2) See MaXaK6f. 

MdKdxni the mallow. — R. fAoXdunrttf fiUfuiXaxBL 
From its seftemng the bowels, as Ewing 'from its emol- 
lient properties.' — 'From its soft downy leaves,' Ldd. 

Md\€pbSf 'from fid\a: vehement, fierce, furious, de« 
vouring, fiery, glowing:' Ldd. (2) Schneid. from 
/uoX^f , white, i. e. clear, bright, burning, &c. 

VLdXriy the arm-pit— For Mcurxc^i?. (2) B. paJshSj 
soft: fipom the softness of the fiesh there. 

M^0a, ' mixture of pitch and wax for calking shipat 
the soft wax laid over writing-tables. Akin to Ma\0ot- 
leii:' Ldd. 

MaMdoKhs, soft, MakBUcds, 
Md\9»y, a weakling, as MoAoatW. 
MeUioK, a lock of hair, as Ma\X6s, 
MAAI2, MaXlrij a disease in horses, the MaianderSf 
Lat. nudasidria in Vegetios,. 'from mcU (Lat male) 
andare ItaL, to go ill:' (Todd.) . (Very rare.) 

M^mr, immbness from oold.<-r-Lenn. says. Perhaps 
for MoAisUii, much as 4»vAouc^. Le. a languor of the 
circulation. B. /ioAoucds. 

MoAAbs, fleece, wool,— -lock of hair. — Ldd. allies it 
to MoAcucbs, soft Or from d/AoAfts, tender. Greg, from 
HrjXoyj /loAov, a sheep. 

MoAbr, white: but others say soft, woolly, and write 
MaWSs: or connect MoA^s with *Afia\6s: and some 
contract it from MaAoMbr/ says Dnn. All the senses 
agree with the color and the feel of MoAAb;, wool, and 
of MoAoy, a sheep. ' Lucida ov%a\ Ov. In IL 22. 310, 
is read both ipva /loA V and tipy* ^oA^v. 

MAMEPT02, the Oscan Mamers for Maoors, Mart, 
And Mc(/icp0ra, Minerva, Barbarous words in Lycophron. 
Mdfi/M^ a child's inarticulate sound of mama: — 
mother ; mother's breast; grandmother. — ' This word is 
said to be found in all languages, and is therefore sup- 
posed the first syllablea that a child pronounces:* Dr. J. 
fAofifjidKvOos, a booby ; prop, one who (4cci/0ci) hides 
himself in his mother's lap, tied to his mother's apron- 
strings. — Above. 

MofAfiay otTfiv, to ciy for food, as infants for the 
fuififia breast 
M^, = fi'fiv. 

MayZdicri, hide, skin. — For fugBducrj, (as N in /loNSd- 
leriSf fuiNSoAos,) allied to Mdaau, to squeeze, press. 
AKH: seeon'ASvprAKH. (Very rare.) So 

May8(iin}5, a band to tie trusses of hay. — As aN8(£yw, 
for fjLoSdKTjs, from fidofiai, f/ioSi}!', (as BtidT^y,) hri' 
'fjudofuuy to gras^ So 

yidyBaXos, a bolt — ^As aN8(£vfl0, for fidBaXos, from 
/uio/iaf,ffi<i5i7i',(as above,)#iri-/iao/iai, to grasp, and so to 
hold tight So^Ey'Cfjtdiaro in Nicander, pushed or forced in. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



. MaifBakeorhs, with the ftdyBaXos holt shot out: ap- 
plied to a lascivious kiss protrus^ lingad. 

MdySpa, stable, stall, p^, monasterj. — Lennep com- 
pares Lat. MandOf to eat. Both are allied to McuTdofjuu^ 
to bite, and Mdffau; and these two last are referred by 
Don. to fida. Then t/bu£5pa, fiiyHpOj as atiSdyu, 

MANATA2, a military cloak or mantie, — Allied by 
Ldd. to Kdvtvv. * Akin to KMri: both Pertian:' Dnn. 
But M and K ? 

■ MANH2, ' a proper name, Manes; a common name 
for skves:^ Dnn. Thus Manes was the well-known 
name of the servant of Diogenes. Also a little image, 
placed in water in the game KdrraSos, — Q. if connected 
with our word Man t 

Mavdduv: m ^Ma$4<a, 

MaWa, frenzy, mania, — B. /mlvw. 

MANIAKH2, a bracelet or necklace (see Mcb^yos,) 
worn by the Celtas, says Polybins. — Ohald. menicha, 

MANNA^ a sweet gum of Arabia, ' a kind of aerial 
honey which falls on certain trees,' Salmas. Also a 
grain or crumb of frankincense, as Pliny: * Thuris 
numna una.' ' For the Hebrew manna was like grains 
of coriander;' Steph. 

JUavvdpiov, * = frnftfuxpioy, mama:^ Ldd. 

Maivof, MdyoSf a necklace. — Prob. allied to Mavid- 
Kiis : and, some say, to Lat montle, 

yiavhsy rare, spare, thinly scattered, in small quantity, 
loose. — Dnn. derives M^Xw^ from Mdw, Sjmw, (as 
M»8t( and 2/MtfSi(,). From this M^», which Ldd. 
makes the origin of ifiduj is Mdu6s: i.e. rubbed, rubbed 
thin, rubbed o^ as Vriyhs, Ydi^^s, a bald head, from ^dw. 

MavTiKrif * the Lat, matula:* Ldd. 

ffldmiSj a diviner, soothsayer. — R. fudiWf fiifuurrai : 
From the furious extravagances of the pagan seers. Mb, 
6. 46, 77. 

Mdofjuuy to touch, handle: seek after. See M4». 

Mair^eiy, to seize: allied to tfu(», fidoiMij to handle, 
f M<£c0, f/icCnTu, as fAdfOf Aairrw. 

MdpayBos, 2fidpayBos, an emerald, ' of a green and 
transparent color', (Dnn.) whence well derived by Mrt 
from fialfM, fMpQj (MpfMipWy to shine: fjuipavyew, 

Mdp<xyya, Mdpaiva, tfidpayya, a whip. — Ajb held in 
the fAdfiri hand. Much as Habena from Habea (2) 
R (r/uofKcycw: A resounding scourge. 

Mc^iw, 'to parch, wither, consume, extinguish as 
fire. — Prob. akin to Malpu, fiapfMlfw : by a transition 
of shining to heat: ' Dnn. So A0S» la to cause to shine, 
to parch, to set on fire. 

MapdffffWf through i/jJpayoVf = tryuaparfiw, 

Mapauy4uj to dazzle the eyes. — R M^p«^t f^pfialpUf 
to shine, avytd the eyes. (2) B. fiapaiy» to wither, 
and avyai 

JUdfryapov, a pearl, and Mapyaplrris. — Mrt. from 
ftalpcoj fiopw : better from ftapavyiu^ contr. to -fjuiapydu, 
(2) Lenn. from &f>7^s, white: M prefixed, as in Mcpfus, 

MapyeWiaj * a kind of palm-tree: the fruit compared 
to tutpyfhKuif pearls : ' Dnn. : fjnom fadpyofM, pearls. 

Mdpyoff mad, forioua. — R ftdu, iiifiaa, fudva: 
through a form ^fialpm, ^fi^fxapKaj just as Largus seems 
to have come from Xdu, *oapio', 'capax.' Thus -apyos 
in A-fi$apyos is thought to be a termination. (2) Some 
for 4p7bj, rapid, swift: M prefixed as in MowAiixT^lfs, &c 

Mdpjj, the hand. — B. fjuUt, /ido/iat, to handle. Much 
as AC», ASpd, (2) R. fieipu, impiai As divided into 

MaplXr), :ifmpi\n, embers of charcoal. R. fudpu, 
fMpv, to shine: as Favilla from ipdFos, light. Hence 
'a Mopixaaij, Oh Mr. Collier, in Aristoph. 

MAPIS, a liquid measure. — Q. ? (Rare.) 

Mapfuupw, to fiash, sparkle, shine.— Bedupl. of fialpw, 
which from /idw, (like ^du, Vaiptt,) to move about, as 
in Mdffffw and AvrS-fxaros; just as iftco * to move to 
and fro with a quick motion', is also * to sjjarkle, glitter*, 
(Riddle). See Mdarffw. (2) * Hebr. f»areeA,visus:' Mrt.? 

f/LdpnapoSj a rock, 'always with some notion of bright* 
ness or whiteness , — later,inannor, marble:* Ldd. AU)ve. 

Mapfiopuyiit a flashing: ixapiuUpta, 

Mdipvofuu, to fight, i.e. join fidpas hands, 'consero 

yidprwTw, to grasp with the i^dpri hand. (2) Some 
compare *APnaf». M, as in MauX«rrti$. 

MdpawoSf 'iwoSf -iTvoSj a bag, purse, marsupium. 
— Perhaps, (as fi\ca(tnifi4u for fi^M'V<tnifi4<o, so) for 
/Aapywoy,R^irT«,4w,» to grasp, hold', (Ldd.) In 
form, much as KiaaXBiou. 

Mdprupf a witness. —'R fifipa^ fiffxapreu^ divido, 
discerno, dirimo : ' Valck. L e., a settler of disputes, de- 
cider of controversies. 

MourdofuUf Mcwrcr-, to chew; — 'to bite the tongue, 
as angry pewons do:' Schneid. — AUied to Mdfrtrw, to 
press, knead. Dnn. 

MdcrBXrif -ijy, *a hide well beaten and thumped:* 
Brunck. Allied to Mdiraw^ to squeeze, knead. Hence 
one well-stricken in viUany, well-practised in guilt, as 
'Eu-Tpi€)iSf "E^-iratoy. 

MaaBhSf Moffrds : = fM(6s, 

MdfffiOf enquiry. — R fidofuu, fiifxofffMi, 

Mdtraaj to work or squeeze with the hand; — knead 
into a cake; — wipe or smear over; ^choose by feeling. 
—•'From pida; prop, to handle,' Ldd. As fVdw, 
TdffffWj so jMoM, MatTffw: -ffuiu being, as in 2/xaa>, to 
move to and fro, rub, and in *Evi-iJtdofuUf to grasp. (2) 
Our mash, (3) ' Hebr. mezee, to squeeze:' Wr. 

Mdffffwvj longer, more. — As Bo^y, Bdaaw; m 
MoKphs, Mdffffuv, 

ManrrdfUf to chew, as Mcurdofuu, 

MdffTo^j that with which one masticates^ the month: 
—a mouthful to masticaie: — 'a locust, from its greedi- 
ness:' Ldd.: 'All-mouth', Dnn. Also the upper lip, as 
Mvo-Tol, and the moustache. Ewing says: * The jaws, 
lips, mouth, the hair on the upper lip:' Thus it fell to 
the last meaning. — Above. 

Maffrap6(w, * to mumble, like one with his mouth 
fhll; 80 Mwmx^i' Ldd. See Mara^, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Mount^Wj to long for, search, eeek. — K fJidof^ fidofiou, 
fi4fjuurrai^ the same. 

M(iffTt^, -lyoSj a whip. — R m^* fi^fiaaratf to touch, 
as Horace: 'Flagello Tan^e Ghloen/ So ^Kxt-fiaio/uu in 
Homer: Mdarlyt $o&s hrtyuaivro Xneovs. Or even to 
excite, goad, as Viaiw, (2) B. fw for juiiAa, o'tiCv, 
to prick: ixamiduy ftdim^, 

MaffTixdM, to chew, maaticaie, Mourrci^v, and to 
gnash the teeth. 

Mcurrlxrit g^™ mastic. — * Chewing this gum for- 
merly, as now, prerailed in Greece: B. fiduraofMi, 
fidirTa^:* Dun, 

Mourrhs^ the hreast, as J/la(6s. * Met. any round ob- 
ject, — hill, — round piece of wool fastened to the end 
of nets:' Ldd. 

Maurrpowhs^ -wnhSf a pander, pimp. — ^Like Kcurriip 
and Ma/OTT^pj (See Mourrcvu,) a seeker out (of objects). 
Or Miiarwp. (a) Mrt. for ijuvrpowhs BB^lrrpvxosi 
Haying iMrp6s Sira, a mother's voice in soothing. ? 

Mflurx^i?, an arm>pit. — As A^fcAAH, x^^M^AH. 
And, as ^Atrycafov for li^dryntvov^ so Ma(rx<^t7 for 
f S/iax^i? from 5/u((a, to rub, allied to 'Eir«-/«io/xai to 
touch and Mcuro-w *• to touchy (Ldd.) What the arm 
is constantly touching and rubbing against. As Axis is 
that about which the world turns'; and Axilla, an arm- 
pit, is an Axis or pivot. In form, compare If in, "VcucdiSf 
'VdKoXoy, — Or Macrx^i? is for f MaxoAi?, (as fiSXrpv- 
Xo^i) from "ffidco, hri-yAotiai^ to touch. (2) R. fM for 
/uCAa, Tas has been thought m MAjcap and MAori^w,) 
and x««> X«^»» pnoi' to be hollow. See * hollow' in 
the next Paragraph. (3) Ldd. and Dnn. from Md\i}, 
but surely the reverse must be true. 

Mfiurx^^, from the above, is ' the hollow under a 
fresh shoot, like Pliny's (UOf axilla: hence thb young 
shoot itself esp. of young palm-twigs; — a bay, gulf:' 

' MQurxoXiCotf ' to put under the Maa-xdXai arm-pits: 
—hence to mutilate a corpse, as murderers formerly 
fancied, that, by cutting off the extremities and placing 
them under the arm-pits, they would avert vengeance:' 

- Mdh-aios, rash, foolish, useless; Mardw, to be in vain 
or fruitless, spec, to loiter and lose time; — McCti}, 
Mario, fruitless attempt; — error, folly, fault. — From 

JUdraiff Mdrrfyj rashly, at random, to no purpose, in 
vain. — Ldd. compares Ital. matto^ our mad; Fr. mat, 
to ruin, as in our check-mato. — The R. is /xi», fjUfia- 
Toi, ti4fiaaf to be eager, press eagerly on, fialyofMu Ldd. 
says from fidoff to seek (without finding.) 

MaT6i^:=r fuurrfvw, 

MorptJX);, lena; MarpvXtToVf 'like MacrrpoirtToVj a 
brothel :-c- and McerpiXri from the same root as Mour- 
rpo7r6s:* Ldd. 

MarriojA rich- flavored dish. — 'R fidacw^ [)i<{tt»,] 
to pound. Hesych. has Mott^ even for jaws : ' Mrt. 

MavAts, a knife. (Very rare.) — As Schneid. derives 
MauXurr^s, sa the Schol. Thucyd. derives MavAis, from 

6fMv olXiCofuu: 'for many knives can lodge in one 
sheath:' (Steph.) Or, as Mau\i<rriis with Passow, 
simply from ab\l(ofML (2) Allied to A.b\hs, 'an 
opening, vein or artery, a stream of blood', (Dnn.) 

MouAitrr Vf ' a pander, pimp. From 6fwv aiXi(o/iaty 
[facio pemoctare cum,] Schneid. Or directly from the 
latter, M euphonic, says Passow:' Dnn. Or M is 
perh. for ffio-, fjJXa, See M4pfus. 

Mavpos, obscure, dark.' — For 'A/xavpSs, 

WdxatpOy 'large knife or dirk, to slaughter animals 
for sacrifice: used by Machaon the surgeon to cut out an 
arrow; — > gen. a knife; — short sword or dagger, rather 
an assassin's than a soldier's weapon; — sabre ; — razor:' 
Ldd. However, Dnn. and many modems, with the old 
etymologists, bring it from fidxn: A battle-knife, sabre. 

Mdxi}, battle, fight. — R. /aow, ft^/xcuca, /i^Maa, to be 
eager, press forward. Mdfiouray /JidxcfrOat, Horn., M^. 
fjMffoy iro\€fti(uVf &c. and M^fiadis is anient for the 
war. (2) 'Passow transp. for ouic/i^, aixMri:* Dnn.? 
(S) ' Hebr. mocha, to strike:' Mrt See 

M(£xAoy, lustful, wanton, insolent, — luxuriant. — R 
juiw, fA4iMKaj fi4futa, fudvm Ardens in Venerem. ' Tri" 
buitur potissimiim mulieribus virum appetentibns. Hd- 
siod''Ep7. 586:'Scheid. 

MA^, like MoToi', rashly, to no purpose. —Formed 
like HfdUf Y^^s, &c. from fidu:'i,9. from fficivrw, 
ffuit^w, as f A<£», Adm-ot. Compare Mair€«v. 

f MAX! as in M/jUoo, Alnd-fiaros (like AM-/ioXos,) 
'Eiri-/Mb/xai; fMEA as in Latin MeOy Medre, (Bp. 
Burgess,); fMOA as in Latin Moveo (Bp. Blomf.,): are 
Primitive wiords, prim, to move: to move towards, seek 
for, and then lay hold of, grasp, or to move my hand to, 
to touch: — to move about, to move to and fro, knead, 
squeeze: — to move with vehemence, to excite vehe- 
mently. — fMdw is probably the same as fBrf», i.e. to 
make to go, move. (2) 'Mdw, to seek, from Hebr. 
moA, what?': Mrt. 

M^, me, for *E/ic, 

MtyaipM, to envy and grudge and refuse. — Prop, to 
look on a thing as being fi4ya great or too great for 
another person. So Tcpar, Fcpalpu. ^Stmma petit 
livor:* Ov. 

"fMeydKos in Mtyas, 

MeyaKwUf to magnify. — Above. 

M4yapoVy ' a large room, chamber, hall, — a house, 
esp. a large one, a palace: — sanctuary. Th /i^apa, 
underground caves sacred to Geres and Proserpine:' Ldd. 
' A large mansion as that of a chief, a palace. R 
fi4yas :' Dnn. *£s MEr.\ Sofio, Horn. ' Domus ampla\ 
Vu-g. The end as jSA^APON. (2) As exposed to 
envy, R. fieyaipw, apw. * Thou shalt not covet thy 
neighbour's house i* Exod. xx. (3) 'Hebr. megery 
subterranean repository:' Wr. 

MeyaSf f M€7oAoj, (as ♦^<ro\oj,) great.— If we com- 
pare MdKap and Mcucphs, we may be justified in referring 
M€7o$ to R '\fi4o>f ^fi4fX€Kaf preserved in Lat meo, 
mearej to go on, allied to "ffidwf whence fuucpds: Got on, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



advanced, as in -rpo-fiaCri iifiiov^ f^Kw Ztfydfiem, ^jkk 
KoXas XPVf^'roi^- So i^Xi^Aoicofs irp^s &C. (2) MtydXoSj 
fitydX', our mickk, * old Teat. tfukUj Icel. mikel, Sax. 
nucel A most ancient word, aays Serenins:* Todd. 
Then M4yas short for MtydXos. 

M4Bifiyos, a diy measure. — 'Allied to ModwSf 
JlioduSf Moderor, through m^'», fii^ofuu:* Hemsterh. 

M^5«, to rule. Mido/xaif to regulate, direct, provide 
for, plan or devise. — Nothing but fM^Sw, fjutfiofuu, made 
ehort as kEZvhs^ "Zhvcu (2) N^/i« is * to distribute, 
dispense, apportion, regulate, sway, rule', (Dnn.). Thus 
M^5w may 'be the same as Vltlpu or Mepw, to divide : 
Indeed /acAcv may be f/icPtfj as caDuceus is put for 
caRuceus. See Mefpw. 

McXca, genitalia; Sicil. tkitra, media: i.e. from 
fi4<r<ros, as ghiSSier, glaZier ; EliSSa, EliZa. * Quia in 
medio corpore:' Greg. 

Mc(wy, Metfw, greater. — R /i^«, whence f/t*"'- 
<rwy, as Ba0bs, Baurfftav^ and fi^fuVf as glaSS, glaZier ; 
hraSS, braZier. See above. 

Mefti, strong drink; — drunkenness. — R fuBSo, 
fjLtB-irifu, remitto, to relax (the mind): as A^, Awuos: 
XoLKm, XAMs. O0TW /Ac^^o-o/icv * remiss^ agemus' II. 
o, 553. (2) Ldd. compares our fnead. Germ., metk. 

M€ia7«07ew, I &yw bring the fitlov lamb which was 
offered at the Apaturian festival: —if not of a certain 
weight, it was rejected as /ictoi^, too little: i.e. less than 
was right Meutyuyu r^v rpwyc^Zioof is tey^w to weigh 
tragedy by ficioy scruples (i.e. very small weights,) or 
with minute accuracy. Or by metaphor from the above. 
. MeiSow, Mti5u£a), to smile. — Allied to Hl^lw less. 
See Mtlpofuu. Thus < To Smile: to CONTRACT the 
face with pleasure : * Dr. Johnson. 

Hel(uy: in M4(up, 

MeUm, soothing things, propitiations. — And 

MeiA/criTv, to make mild, appease; — beseech with 
mild words. — R /icAi, md: (forihed as ElAio-o-o):) To 
nse honied words to. 

Mttoy. in Mfiayuytv, 

fieipa^, a lad or lass, *in about the fourteenth year,* 
Ldd. As VL€tpoucl(o/iai is * to reach the age of puberty,' 
Ldd., Mc^ot^ must admit an age somewhat later, and 
therefore may be for IfitTpa^ from IfitlpUf to desire: Of 
the age 'of desire. See in Tpdyos. Nicander indeed 
uses Meipofuu for 'I/icfpo/xou. (2) Some think M 
added, (as in Mop^fbs, Mox^^^* ^^Pf'^^f) ^^^ fifipa^ is 
clpo^ as ^pfTjUy as now able to speak reasonably or in 
an assembly. 

Mflpofjuu, * to share, partake; passive, to be divided, 
allotted, allotted or decreed by fate. The old Gramm. 
suppose Mcipctf, to divide:' Dnn. And, as *Ay€ipw and 
^B^ipw in form, so Melpw from the obsol. t/Aci«, 'ffjuto, 
fUKf^s, yuv{/Boiy imnwo^ whence fieUtv^ mmoTf less. 

M€ls, MJ^j, MV M-nvhSf a month. — Allied to Mciwy 
«nd MflpWf^aB meaning a division i.e. of the year. (2) 
Many refer M V to M-ffyri the moon. As Month from Moon. 

Meluv, ov, less. Mfi6u, to lessen, for -f/Actoy^». — 

Allied to Mfa one, Mucp^s small, MtyM», Miniio, Minor, 
' According to analogy, from ft^osnot in use:' Dmi., so 
that it comes near to /JLtlpv to divide. See Meipofmu 

MXadpov, ' the ceiling or the mainbeam supporting 
it; gen. a roof, — a house. — Ace. to Etym. M. from 
/AcXas, as Atrium from Ater. Hence some take Ai^^ 
?i6€Pros wit /Atydpoio fi4Xa0poy for the smoky vent- 
hole:' Ldd. 'Assiduft postes fuligine nigri:* Virg. 
And ' Culmina fumant.' ' From the volumes of smoke 
that rolled in it:' Qaayle. 

MeAot, ft^Aaiva, fi^Aov, black. — *A kindred form, 
or dialectic variety is KcAaiv^r:' Dnn. (2) Allied to 
UeXhs dark, as our Meggy, Peggy; Molly, Polly. (S) 
Many from /a^, cA^ a shining. Bat derivatives from M^ 
are not to the taste of modem critics. 

McASw, to melt. — Allied to MdKoSy M4poSj Ktipto, 
to divide or separate the parts, part, dissolve. As 
&AA», &pAu, IaAo/uu. (2) Our melt and mneltf Sax. 
meltan. (3) * Hebr. melet, to set free;' Wr. 

Mt\elicdvu, McAcT(t(tf, to care for. And 

MeAci, it is a care to. — R fi4?ia, 

M4\€qSf unhappy, i.e. to whom things ti4\fi are a 
care. So McAcSein} is care, sorrow. 

McA€os, idle, unprofitable, vain: i.e. relaxed cif rk 
fi4\fi as to the limbs, says Schol. Hom. : and Timasus 
fi4\€(rt fidraios, *n fi4\t i e. /i^A««, (as 'HAei, 'HA*,) 
is wretch; male! though some say bone I i.e. 
worthy of one's care and thought, from /i^Aei: yet it is 
somewhat ironical. 

MeA€T(icii : in MeAcSafi'A;. 

MeAirr/Sijr, a blockhead, ' in form a patronymic of 
M^Airros :* Ldd. (2) Perhaps frwn f /acAos or fi4\fos^ 
useless. See M/A« in M Acos. 

MeAi, melj honey.— Thiersch *from fi4\w: The de- 
sired, cared for.' Rather, The attended to, elaborated. 
But rather the bee MtXttraa ]& first (though see Otmn :) : 
The sedulous, The busy, as we say As busy as a bee, 
and Dr. Watts ' How does the little busy bee Improve 
each shining Jiour' &c. McAicra-a as fiturtklSXKi 
then, much as ^'AA^iTov, "AA^t, so f MeAio-o-iroy, M^Ai. 
(2) ' Hebr. meUng, sweet : ' Pkh. 

McAfo, a spear : as made of MEAIA, ash. Called 
also fiitKivoy thfxps. 

McAfai, 'ash-nymphs, as ApvdZti are oak-nymphs:' 
Ldd. — Above. 

McAf^w, to tear in pieces /icAos limb by limb. — Also, 
to sing, warble a ju^Aor song. 

McAZ-ActfTOf, melilotf a clover, the honied lotus. 

MeAicro-a, a bee: see in fi4\i honey : — pure nymph 
or priestess. 'Hebr. mekz^ intercessor :' Wr. 

M6A(Te65i7f , like honey ; ' and a name of Proserpine^ 
likeLati/eZ^tto;' Ldd. 

MeAAw, to intend to do, to be about it, to be about to 
do, to be going to do or to be : -^rom /i^Aet, it is a care 
to me, i.e. I think of doing.— But, as things intended to 
be done, are too often delayed, McAAw is to loiter, delay. 
' I am always about it, but never do it:' Ormst. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



MlXAi», 'to be aboat to do, whether one will or not ; 
tnd 80 to be made to do, 1. by diTiiie will, fated to do, 
2. by man ; 3. it means 'mnst,' and 4. * may or will,' 
hence • perhaps':' Ldd.— Above. 

MiKas, a limb i. e. part of the body, nothing bat M^ 
pof, as TPdi^ and 7A(i4>w. Vl4fni xai iA4\n, fi^ mU 
fidfffi, in Pkta (a) < Hebr. md, to cat off:' Wr. 

Mc\oi, mdott a song. — Dr. Jones: 'R fiiXt, from 
its sweetness.' So MtM-ynpvi, VitXL^p9ayyos, * MeUxhf : 
tweetneta of sound :' Dr. Joh. (2) Some from fiiXos 
above : Of proper members and proportions. As Num- 
ber is *hannony, proporlaons calculated by Number,' 
(Dr. J.) * Carmen foodukOum^ says Schad. 

M^Avw, to sing a lUXos song. So l\nw, 3(Un«» 
IpIIw.— > Some say fUXo^ lirw. 

M^Xw, to be an object of care to; — to be anxious.— 
As lUAoi and iiiPos, so Damm identifies tkiA» and 
fuPtf. Indeed ViiK» is in one sense Mcp^C^, to distract 
another's mind, — in another sense Mepl^b/xat, to be my« 
self distracted. Compare Mept/ivw and Mcp-|ui}p/^w. 
(a) As A and A are allied in IkducffOfia Lacryma, 
*OAMro-cvf, ULysses, so fUAv and /u^Aofuu, fiijAofuu. 

M^/i/SXcreu, = /i^€t : from fiiKafuu, fi€fi4\of»at, 
fi4fi\ofMi, fi4fjiB\ofjuUj as in MwrifiBpia, and French 
nomre, nomBre, numBer. Some for fitfiiXrrrat. — So 

M4fjie\»Ka, pf. of fw\4wj juXi^m, /i^/iXtfKO, /ic/uBAt^fco, 
as above. 

M4fU!0P€5, black birds said to have tssned from the 
funeral pile of Jfemnon. Ov. M. 13. 617: 'Ab illo 
Memnonides diets.' 

McfiMM', att ass. — B. tt^iw,redupl.tA*«A*^»'»>tM^/"W' 
' From its patient nature :' Ldd. and Don. 

M4fioya ' is to M^fiaa, as T4yova to Teyoa :' Ldd. 

M4fi^fMi, to blame. — Like AaMSdi'C0, for f/uc0o/Mu, 
aUied (through a form f/iicircc) to Maireeiv to seize, M(£o- 
/lot to lay hold of: as Be-prehendo, to Be-prehend, 
blame. Formed like Ile/iirw, 2r4fjtS». 

Mhf in truth, indeed. — B. fi4v»f * to remain firm or 
fixed', (Dnn.). An affirmative particle ;, particuhi per- 
severandi, asseverandi. (2) Many imagine Wkv to be 
'El' (as fem. Mia,) and connect A^ wit^ A^ : In one 
(Base, In the second. But ? 

MfVfolvw, Mevoiyduj to desire earnestly;— purpose 
earnestly; — am ftirious, angry. — From 

McVof, ardor of mind, spirit, inclination, purpose, 
allied to /ud», fi4fMa, as frdw, r4yos. Also, energy of 
body, vigor, strength : fUvos re Kai &Aic^, Horn. (2) 
Some from /icVu: ' Steady purpose, firmness, force.' 

VL4yVt M€v4wf to remain firm and fixed, to remain. 
* M4fiova\ says E. Valpy on IL 5. 482, *is from fi4vw, 
piomtus sum, prob. the prim, meaning of ^^i/w, and 
hence the sense of persisting in a vnU, and also sustineo, 
rhaneo.^ Mdoi, M^w, as f^dM, j[*4v» ; ^TdUf f Ni'of, 

M«p((w, to divide into fi4pea parts. ^ 

' . f/l4pifiyaj distracting thought, anxiety. — For ficpifo- 
fifvUf o^ fi€ii9pi(rfi4»a, fAtfitpifAtva, ' In cQras animus , 

didacitttr omnes,* Yvrg, ' Animnm mme hue, none di- 
vidit illuc,' Id. ' Tot me impediunt cune, quae meura 
animom divornm irakwU :* Ter. So 

M4pfitpos, anxious, disquieted ; — causing annoyance, 
peevish. So 

M4pfArjpaj care ; Mepjuoffw, Vicpfaipl(Uf am anxious, 
form plans. — B. /upi^w, to divide, as WMptfUfa : rednpL 
iti9p/ifpl(w, &C. Or fJitpls, a division, ^fitpfupHs, &c. 
See above. 

M4pfus, iBoSf a cord. — Ldd. for "ffyfus from c1{w, Up* 
fuu, to join, aa''EpfM a chain. M as MoxAbr, &c This 
M for &fi\ as N in NijXd^ u really AN, 'Ay-nAei^.— 
Or M for f /itck, ftfEAo. (a) R fmp^, fitfifipufuu : as 
MiipivdoSf a cord. But all these are allied. 

M4po5, MfpUf a part.— >B. fitipotj iiep&i fulpofAou 

M^po^, speaking articalately.— B. fuipu, fi€p&, ^ 
w &^, 

Mcoiry^, -7&t, in the midst : See "Eyy^y. 

Metros, middle. — Allied to Mtlpct to divide, MtUew 
less, &c. which from obsol. f/i^, ^as ^4u, ^0€ipo», 
(Z) Dnn. allies it to Mer^, in the niidst of : * as McT- 
aixfuov for fitXaixtuoy^ /liTavXos for /icSavAos.' (3) 
< Chald. metza, partiri :' Mrt 

M&rrhs, filled full, full.—* The Gnunm. Vett ftom 
iffrhSf with M added ^: Dnn. 'Etrrds would mean 
* satiated,' from ^Mu to satiate. See fully in "ESw. M^ 
as in M4pfus. (a) Allied, through M and B, to Bv 
arhsy filled qnite fidl: and fSScorSs, stifled, i^€faros. 
So B^ and M^ are the same. 

M^tr^o, up to a pcunt, meanwhile.*— ^ For lo-^, M 
preixed [See in Mipfus :] : ^y and ^ [as ^i in 'A/t- 
^(,]': Loin. 'Anciently there were terminations ^\ 
ipa, iptjipty:* Id. (a) From the obsol. ^/uttf Lat meo, 
medre to go, as "licTop from "Iku. * QUO simul MH- 
ARIS;U6r, 5, as in l^xov. See Mexp«. 

META, M€t', Mtff, together with, amid, among ; — 
following with, close upon, after. In comp., it is often 
'following one after another, succession, transitioa 
change', as in Meta-morphose.^*Very slightly varied 
in form and meaning in all the Gothic dialects : mtihj 
mid, mii, med, mede : The Goth, from the verb signif, 
to meet So our mate, Alem. m/ote, maet^ socins : Isl. 
Sn. G. maty maet; Tent, maed:* Dmib. 

MeroAAiw, *to enquire after, ask. — Damm from 
/ACT* &AAo, [one after another,] approved by Buttm. 
Hence M^cxXXov, a search for metals, then tl>e place 
searched, a mine ;' Dnn. But Pott makes it ' Ore, com- 
bined WITH OTHER substances.' 

Mcto/mSAio;, Mrre/^iot, vain, useless.-^ Thoaght 
to be for ti€r'ay€fii&\tos, -dvios. (2) Prop. * vain fierii 
fi&Xoy after all the toil : ' much as M^Ais, hardly, scarcely, 
is prop, .with Mahos trouble. Or, coming fjLerii /luKoy 
after tlie battle, as we say ' after the fair'. 

METAHA, raw silk.— * Used by the kter Greeks:' 
Steph.— Can it be from fier-dyuj {«: ^ thing im* 
ported or exchanged ? 

Mera^ly as Mer^ between, among, after.— > As fitS. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



2bj, iiUAs, 80 for ft/ereunrhf lake ir«pl, ir«pt«rdL So 
MeraaffcUy ' lambs younger than the firstliBgs, but 
older than the hist-bom» and so wMUe-bam or sttinmer 
lambs : ' Ldd. -^ Above. 

Mer^opos, like Mcr^apos^ nused iq^—'B. ittifm, 

M4rpov, a measure; proper measore, moderation; 
measure in Terse, meft-e» — AIHed to Metior, to Meie. 
METpov 18 to be eompared with MEAm, MEAojuu, to 
regulate, Lat imtkm, mo€Btrot% to moderattk 'I>unm 
refers it to Mcf/w. Compare also M^<ror,. with which 
fll4rpios esp*. seems allied r* Dnn. (a) ' Hebr. «mu^ 
to measure': Mrt : ' med,' Wr. 

M^XP'i -'»! like^Axpi, -«, uptoj unto^ until.— Allied 
to M^icos, length, and MeucfAs, long. Set^Axp'' (2.) 
From the obs. f /i^«, f /K^tcKO) Lat. «mo, M«avt, to go 
forward. So ""iicrap from *I«ear. See M4f^ 

M^, not, whether or not, do not — ^ kc — Hoogeveen 
thinks it to be Mcic, imperat of fidw * to desire eagerly, 
ardently, vehemently:' (Dnn.) and says: 'It shows a 
mind anxious in bewaring, serious in dissuading and 
prohibiting, ardent in deprecating, vehement in hating, 
desirous in askii^.' — Scheide takes it in the sense of 
Mdofuu, to ' seek' whether a thing is so or not. (ISL) 
Bunb. connects it with Vtelw, less i ' See that you do 
not: ? 

M^8ca, pudenda. — Ut AiSt^r, AlSoui, et Pudenda, et 
Veretrum, sic M^9ca ib M^5of, prndentia. . 

Mij^iiw, to imitate the MedB$, 

Mridos, a plan, sefaeme ; — counsel, prudence, discre- 
tion, carefulness : and M^8d/iat, as MMotuw, to design, 
plan, work. — < R. /mI», IfUfjoirai, \fiii9nv as Stc^Stji^, 
B^Siiv,] to seek eagerly:* Mrt. Compare M^rif. (2) 
B. n4^w. 

MriKdofuu, to Ueat, — scream, shriek. — From the 
sound /i^ fi^, whence f/lrjKoy a sheep. So from fih is 
MvKdofuu to low : from fih fih Lat. bak)« 

MrjKrn, no longer. — R. /i^, fri : the K appears taken 
from oitKiTL 

MriKoSt length. — ^Allied to Mairpbr, long. 

M^/cwv, poppy* — From its fU]Mof, tallness ; exempli- 
fied in Tarquin's cutting off the tallest poppies in his 
garden. Mrt. says * k capitis ii^Kfu* 

MriKuvh, lettuce : thought to have soporific virtues 
like the M^icwi'. 

MiiKrif a surgeon's probe. — R. /idM, iJtdofuu, hrt- 
'fxdofuu, to handle, feel : f/ta^A);, A^Ai;. Or fidM, to 

VL'fi\tos KifjhSf a great famine. — From the siege of 
Ifelos by the Athenians in the Peloponnesian War. 

MrjXov^ the female breast, and a cheek : From the 
round form of the MHAON apple or orange. 

M^Xov, a sheep, from t^e sound fiij /u^, as UrjKdafuu 
to bleat. 

MV, assuredly, indeed :— *B. ti4uu:' Mrt. See U4v. 
(a) Hebr. aminf verily. 

^ MV, a month.— From /uls, fith^, a moath. (a) B. 

Hiyn, the moon. Aa Moon, Month. (S) ' Or from 
Hebr. manah^ Bumeravit :' Schleusn. 

M^nj, the moon. —* From the obs. fi"*^**, inso, 
me«re:' Lenn. (See in fMAXl.) ' Meo is often said 
of things which (eunt redenntque) go and return:' 
ForcelL *Prop. returning:' Scheid, M^Jnj, as Y^w, 
Vi?!^ So 5«A^W7. (a) Goth. meiNx, Sax. mona, 
Teuton, matm, (») < Hebr. umimA, numetavitr' Mrt. 

M^»"7l> * a skin or membrane, espec what envelopes 
the brain, the pia mater. R prob. ftatt^s: Schneid.:' 
Dn& L^ thin, fine. ' Pia Mater, Athm ami deUcaie 
membrane', says Dr. J. 

Mijw», wrath. -!-R /mUiw, ffitfifa, to make to rsgew 
As * Ira brevis FUROR est' Or the same as M^yos, 
fury, (a) R. /u4«tf. * Ira per-nMrneMr' Mrt 

MiT^Pw, to inform, show, discover.— M4tfos is *»fiiW, 
disposition, m Eu-fuf^s, Awr-fi§iii^$\ (Dnn.) and in 
Latin is Mem, as Ttyos is Gens. Hence Miyyi'itf, to 
put into another^ mind, suggest, inform. Whence also 
IfuwduJ) "ffjo^doij fUfuHiffKiff, to re-aiind one of. (2) 
* May it not be from ^i^vn, the moon, formed for signs, 
Gen. L 14: or for the avdlitt^iy xp^^"*^ signification or 
declaration of times,. Ecclus. 43. 6?' Pkh. (S) 
'Chald. man, quid?' Mrt 

fftfipjyBoSy a cord, string, line, the same as MEP/uf, 
and allied to MHP^ofuu, to twine. Gomp.our noun Twine. 

MTjphSf the upper, isshy part of the thi);h. — R. 
/MlpWj /Kcpw, to divide: The body there dnriding. So 
nearly alL 

MrtpvKi(Uf. to chew orer again, ruminate. — • B. 
ifiTjpiwj fjLripvofJuu, to wind round, i.e. to roU over the 
food ahwdy chewed* (a) ' R. ipiywt M prefix:' Dnn. 

MripvoiMif to draw up, furl, as Urria fuipiaayTOf 
Horn. Also tor draw dow together,, wind off, twine. -^ 
With M prefix, fnm 4p6c», to draw: -^e^cpi&w, -fo/Ai;- 
pdefioi. See for M in MavAiffr^r. 

M^ffTfiip, a pbnner, deviser ;. — adin^, leader. — R. 
petfiofuu^ ixipa\<rrtu, 

M'ffnipj a mother.— R. /i^c0,. /If M9rrou, to have an im- 
pulse after, ardently desire or seek after. ' From her 
ardent and tender love:' Vakk. (2) Our flaotAer, and 
the northern affinities. Sansk. matam. 

Mvjrts, counsel, wisdom, skill. — * M^So/mu, M^Sos are 
akin to^M^is, and all referred to ftdiu, [jiifiarirai,'] :' Dnn. 

Mi^TfM, the womb, from m^Pj /'WP^f* Also, the 
soft pith or heart of oak, &c. 

nrrrpvth^ a step-mother: R /u^n/x 

Mifxw^f art, contrivance,, invention, ntaehmttiions a 
maehwe. — From 

M^X^s, MrixfVt u M^9of, art, contrivance'; — con- 
trivMice against, remedy. — * AkiU' to MiiSos^ M^vif , 

M(a, fem., one. — Allied to Mucnhs, Mtnphs^ Mica, 
JAtiuv less, M(i^0«, MinuOf JAurrifXXa : words all having 
the sense of smallness. See f MtoK Se< Merus from 
Mffpw is ^ak>n»', i.e. ^all-one'; and Privos from Up\w, 
to cut off. 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 



MiaW, to stain, pollute, comipt — If to * corrnpt*, 
' adulterate/ is considered the orig. meaning, Mudfta is 
allied to Mtiq^, ifrntio, to di-mmuA (the strength of), 
deteriorate: and to Mttuy, less.— Schleosn. notes that 
the SchoL on U. 4. 141 has rightly explained there fjuifvri 
by its proper meaning XP^trpy fia^fp, plunge: and fi^feu 
.ftySpaf KOKdnrri xol SXywiy in the Odyssey is explained 
by Dnn. ' to plunge men in calamity and affliction.' 
MIoW and /ilyifvfu then may be allied. See ^Mlyw. 

MiapbSf foul.— Above. 

tMf7«, |«, M/tw^u, MfffTw, to mix. — As Sfyv, 
^ryWf Tfiiiyu. From the obs. fM^w, whence fUKpbs^ 
/mW less, /wfMu, minuo^ /uurr^AAv: i. e. to lessen the 
force of, i.e. in mixing water with wine, as often in 
Homer, (a) ' Hebr. matachj to mix:' Mrt. 

Mlias, the luckiest throw on the dice, called from 
AfidaSj as also ^HpcucKris Herctdes, and Lat. jactus 
Veneris, the throw of Venus. 

MifCK^s, MiKpbSf small. — "EL f /ii«, f/i^/uira, to di- 
minish, fitiuy less, fiuw to lessen, fuvMu, mmuOf 
putrrvXXu, (a) * Hebr. mek, to decay: ' Wr. 

Mt\ui(eOf to measure nulea: which from the Lat. 
miUia or miliay from Gr. fivpla, as XttPioy, liLium. 

Mi\idpiov, miUiarium, milestone. Above.— Also a 
caldron, ' of immense depth, whence the name:' Forcell. 
JBut Dnn. says: 'a caldron like a mUestoneJ 

MIATd2, red lead, red earth. — Q. ?■ 

MU^eu, a falling away of the hair of the eyebrows. 
—A rare medical word. Perhaps for fi4\<p(u,(as\lKpuplis 
and XExpis, rEyyn and tingo,) allied to M4\Ba to melt. 

Mi/ia\Snff MifiaXXwv, a Bacchante. — * Prop, women 
were so called, as imitating men, from fUfifioBcu. Some 
say from their tmitoHng Bacchus in wearing horns:' 
Steph. In form, much as BcSi^Xos, ^o1. Be^dXos. 
The I in the Latin Poets however is short (2) Better 
.then with Madan from ^JffyncUi a mountain of Ionia, 
sacred to Bacchus.' 

MttAopKtSj a pudding of hare's flesh and the blood. — 
Like AWaiofJLoi; — redupl. from fi^ipu^ fidfutpKOf to 
<[ivide, cut into /ucpea parts, i.e. mince. (2) R ^fdu, 
ffiifiificUf -ffiiuuTTcu, whence /itcrr^AAw, to cut up into 
pieces. In form, much as fwXAKPlX. (3) Ldd. 
thinks it a foreign word. 

MifjLtofjMi, to imitate. MtfioSj an actor, mimic, buf- 
foon. — As pictures of nature and of animals reduce the 
proportions of what they represent, and imitations are 
for the most part shadows and faint expressions of the 
originals, fu/xiofiai could mean to do things on a smail 
-scale after something else, from the obs. ^fila^ ^fidfuficu, 
as in many words above and below. Thus Miniature, 
(from Minium,) says Dr. J., is representation in a smaU 
.compass, lest than the reality. 

MifurfiffKco : in "fMvdu, 

Miftvco^foTfidvco, ^fufi4yu, asfn^»,fn»r^fl»,nfirrw. 

Mifii»^ an ape, i.e. an imitator: fUfAiofMu 

Miy: ia^'ly, 

MINAAB, a kind of Persian incenseb (Only in 
Athen. 69L) 

Miy0os 'is an ill-odored flower, and dung, or the smell 
of goats, by antiphrasis from MIN@A, mint: ' Hemst. 
See *Oir0vAc^ 

Mir^M, mtituo, to diminish. MiwhSf small. — B. 
obsol. f/Jw, fwcfibSf n*mVf minor less. So 

yityvvBOf a little. —Above. 

MiKvpbf, whining, whimpering. — R fWftAs, small: 
A speaking in a slender, feeble voice. In VltvvBa, 

MufipofuUf MtyvplC», minurio, to sing plaintively — 

M^oTm: in "fMiyw, hate. — R f/i/», fi^/u(rai, as in MiyvOof. 
I.e. to think or make little of, vili-penda So ' to Slight 
is from the adjective Slight : ' Dr. J. ' Wcros is a vice 
by which you desire to make others minutos small : ' 
Lenn. — And, as allied to M€(pw, to divide, it may be 
compared with Temno from T4fun», and our verb ' To 
cut a person.' (2) Some compare M^o'os: as filrv\os 
and fiTri\os. (S) Mrt. from fill taosy not acting fairly ? 
(4) * Hebr. mes, to despise:' Wr. 

MurBhSf wages, pay, hire. — As Mereo, to earn, is 
from fi4pos a part, portion,^ and Moipa is one's due 
portion, from /Aflponai to divide, — so Miadbs from the 
obs. t^^ \4fii(Tdvv» to divide, as in MmttiJAAw. * Will 
appoint him his PORTION:' Luke 12. 46. Compare 
A(8a}/u,and AouTfiSs. (2) * Hebr. massethj a gift :' Mrt 

MiarvXri, -AAij, a piece of bread hollowed, and serv- 
ing as a spoon: from 

MioT^AAtf, to cut up, mince: allied to MItvXos, 
M^iXos, mutilus, mutilated, and to fAim/hs small, Mt- 
y60otf minuOf to diminish, MiKphs small : so that there 
was an old word f /<((», ^fi4fu(rTai, 

Mlffxos, yilffKoSj the footstalk of leaves or fruits, 
which unites them to a plant — M is thought by Lennep, 
as in many cases, a prefix ; and fiUrx^^ ^ = Tijxoy from 
furxw = ixof"" to adhere to. M: see Mepfut, Mripio- 
fMt. Dnn. compares M6<rxos. 

Mlrosj a thread, string, belt, bolt, chain. — *R fielov, 
being thin :' Mrt Compare MirvXos, MivvhSf Mun6\- 
\w. Damm explains it ' lamina tenuisj longa.' 

Mfrpa, band, girdle, fillet for the hair, mitre. — * If 
not directly from pdroSy it has the same origin:' Dnn. 

M(Ti;Xot : in MurriXKw, 

MiTvs, called by Aristotle, Hist Anim. (and used by 
him only,) aTrO'Kdffapfiarov icripov: whence prob. formed 
like M(rvAo;, Murr^AAiv, M(tos : Le. what is divided 
off, separated, thrown away. 

•fMia, to diminish, an obs. word, much introduced 
above, and allied to fMaw, Mdo/juu, 'ETn-fAdo/uu, to 
touch, handle, — exactly as Vdw is both ' to touch* and 
' to scrape, rub off.' • ' Allied to f Md», f M^», moveo, 
movendo detero, minuo:* Lenn. Compare M«po», 
McW, JUtKpdSj MfrvXos, Mio-r^XAw, MtaBhs^ && 
Vldu, fM^w, as yciw, Iflv. fMiw is acknowledged by 
£. Valpy on Horn. U. 1. 465. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



MNA, a mho. —* We find mtna ovis, mina mamma, 
and in Hesjch. filva are small figs [as allied to Mucp^ 
Miwck, &c.], but still MNA is written in so many letters 
in the Hebrew:^ Valck. 

M^doiMif to. woo, coort — From fi4voSj in the sense 
of mens: * To have in the mind, desire eagerly, hence to 
seek after, strive to obtain': Dnn., who however refers 
fA^du immed. to /tda. Or Mcvo* here is ' desire', whence 
fACfuvay ' to desire ardently, strive after': then f/Acycto- 
fuu, fiydofiot, 

^Myd»f fMv^icw, VkftrfifrKw, to cause to remember: 
MfdJo/ieu, to remember. — Le. to bring into the fi4t»os, 
Lat mens, (as Tivos, Gens,) mind : * to put in mind,* 
(Dnn.) (2) R. fi4vaoi ' To cause things to remain 
in the knowledge and memory:' Lenn. 

Mycia, memory; Mvq/M, a remembrance, memorial, 
monument. — Above. 

MvTiaTc^, as Mvdofuu, ^/uf^crrai, to woo. 

MWoy, soft. MWok, moss. — R /tt'(o», to eat: Fit for 
eating. Thus from fft(» (see Mi'fw,) is prob. mt^, 
prim, soft, as ' Mitia poma', Virg. 

MW«, to eat, in Hesych. — Formed from ^filw, just 
as Dnn. forms Mvdu from Mdm, See f Mlfi: and com- 
pare vfiiyw, and ffiSia(u, 

MNOIA, Mvtfa, servitude; Mywtrac, Mf^^oi, serfs. 
But Pollux writes that MvaTrcu were among the Cretans 
' middle between the free and the slaves'; so perhaps they 
had so many Mvcu mincB paid for them. (2) R. tidmft 
(/Aj»^s,) a common name for Slaves. 

Mydos, }iyovSf fine soft down. — ' Aldn to, or from 
MkiW:' Dnn. 

Moyyhsj with a tliick voice, hoarse. — R. fiiyos : 
Where the voice issues with much labor : fwyuehs, (as 
Mayucbsj AoytKbs,) ^iwykbsj ixoyy6s. Compare M^p- 
yos. rr, as ^cFFof , pOSWos, 

yiSyts and M<$\i5, scarcely, hardly; i.e. with great 
toil. — For fA6yoiSj fA6\ois. 

Mdyosj M^os, MtiAof, M6xBos, are usually classed 
togetlier, and mean labor, toil. — Bp. Blomf. says: <The 
primitive of M6yos was, if I mistake not, \fi6w, f/uocw, 
moVeo:* (See on MoAciy:) Thus M($7os is much like 
^Movimentumj Momentum, ' which very often means a 
force impelling to action, a weight or power by apply- 
ing which anything becomes easier:' Forcell. Mdyos 
theA could easily mean any ' toil or Ubor' by applying 
which anything is done. * Moveo, to design, attempt,' 
says Foroeliini 

M($8ios, the Lat modius. R /a^5«. 

M({0a|, MdBwVf said of Helot-boys, brought up as 
foster-brothers of the young Spartans: and, as thus 
taking liberties and becoming troublesome and impudent, 
it so meant : As Vemllis was so used from Vema. — R 
fi6dos =r fi6\os. For from fA6\os is moUstus, and from 
ll6vo5 'labor' was IIoi^p^s, 'causing trouble, trouble- 
some, depraved,' Dnn. 

M<f0os, battle, battle-din. — Explained 'kbor' by 
Heeych.| like Viiq/ot and M^Aos. Le. the struggle of 

the battle-field, and the accompanying noi^ and tumult 

Vloipa, a part, portion, lot, destiny. — R fitlpofuuy 
fidfMipa, to divide. 

Motxor, adulter. -> Hemsterhus. et Schultens ' & fi4' 
fMixa pf. Toi; Mefx* vel M/x« [unde *Ofux4v'\jmiugq, 
meia' Nam et Horatius habet ' meiat' ipsft coeundi 
significatione. £t Liddell noUt ^ Oipdtt esse, nt Lat 
meioj T^v yop^ emittere.' Hoc quidem et de manta 
▼erum : at videatur esse et splum et totum opus adulteri. 
(2) Ut Sfi-^\vs ab ffAv^oy, sic Hfi-oixos ab otxoiaeu: Qui 
co-it cumalterl Nota M in Mav?iurr^SjM4pfus^ Mfcrxos, 
&c In Shaksp., K. Lear, *Let copulation thrive', Le. 
/uotxc(a,Act4. Sc6. (3) 'Qui fadtrdM^ *Eouc6s: Mrt ? 

MoKyhsj a hide, — bag, as BoA7^ ftu/^o.— ' Prob. 
from tA*^A7«, 4f4^A7», = M«P7w, V^f»7». as A^p», 
Aopd:* Ldd. (2) As a * b^;*, R fM\ny: To go with 
on a journey. 

Mo\etv, to come or ga — Bp. Blomf. supposes the 
obs. tA*Atf, tAM»^«i moVeo, to move oneself: Allied to 
^fxdu as in hlr6'iunos like Khrd-yuoXos : and allied to 
Lat meoy medre. Hence then MoXuv, See on M&yos. 
(2) R. j3(iAA», $o\4e0, ^oAw, /ioAw, as B^/ii){ and 
Mifpfifi^, B6of and M(^. See fBAtJv, BAi6aK«. (3) 
* Hebr. mot, to go aside :' Wr. 

M6\iSo5, W6\iSSos, M6\v€Sos, lead. Schdde asks: 
' Axk a mole et gravitate ? ' This well agrees with this 
mineral, and Dnn. allies Moles with M^or, M^Aos, 

M6\is: in M6yis, 

VLo\o6p6sj a greedy beggar. — Usu. thought =r 
'\noXo€6pof, /ioKiffy cis fiopw, g<ung for food. (2) 
'Biem. refisrs it to luoKvs, mollis^ fikt, lazy: connecting 
it with MoA^^piov, a young pig with its soft tender 
flesh:' Ldd. 

VL6Ko5, VLSkos, *toil, espec. warlike toil, strife.— 
Akin to M({7os, Vl69os:* Dnn. (2) R /x^Aci, f/u^/ttoAc, 
it is a care. (3) R yuoKHifi Toil of journeying. (4) 
As B^^w, BSdAos, so /iiw, (to be ardent, i.e. for the 
fight,) iJu&Kos, Compare M^x^. (5) Our moiL 

VLoXoaahs, a dog of Molossus in Epirus. 

MoAo(r<r^f, 'a foot, consisting of 3 long syllables. 
From Molossus, son of Pyrrhus and Andromache:' Dnn. 

MoAin;, song. — R. fi4\Kw, fi4fio\wa. 

M6Ku€iios: in M6\i€os. 

Mo\vyw, to spot, stain, pollute. — As Atf^Mv, Bo- 
(WVW4 Valck. says: * I suspect it is prop, to contract 
dirt from the mud in journeying, from /koA«iv.' (2) 
Or from laboring, from fi6\os, (3) R fUKaSf bkck. 
0, as Lat. pOndus from pEndo. 

Mo/A^, blame. — R fi4fupofjuu, 

MovaxhSf solitary: a monk, — R ftdms. 

MoH^, a mansion. — R fji4ywf ii4fu>y«L As maneOj 
mansumf mansion, 

M6yifMfy permanent; — steady. — R fi^y^* 

M4yos, alone. — R /i^f^w, ii.4yuovay to remain. 'Often 
said of one left and remaining behind : Matth. 14. 23 : 
17. 8. Mark 9. 8. Lnk. 24. 12:' Scheide. Mvos 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



fOvtifJoim 18. 84. 'Ban I mnaM dUmei' Gnfs 

MSptt, a division of citizens, «r ef soldien, reginnent 
.— R fuipofuu, fiiftutpa, to divide. * The whole srmj 
wie DIVIDED into /i^pcu regiaienta:* Bob. Or. Ant 

. M^p7»s, ezplatned by Hesycfa. *«n enckmm, and a 
covered part in wafcgons in which thejr oairy chaff:' 
whence it is prdbablj from pt^ipa, a division: 'divided 
off.' Thus: ^fM^hs,^fiofuc6s, /Upyos. Tbns Hopyii 
in Pollux is a sinall part or portioD. Henoe Mopyc^*, 
to conveT* straw, &c. in a Hopyos, (Veiy rare.) 

Maptot = fimpioj M\j, 

Moploi, ' with or without iKnuu, the saerad olives in 
the Academy: all olives that grew in the precincts of 
temples: prob. as parted or propagated fittpSfUPot, 
fiffioprifiwcUf from the orig. ofive-stock in the Acropolis. 
Hence Zc^s M^piof , as the gaardian of them i ' Ldd. — 
Or, as Tdfuyos from TifuWj being eat off and separated 
from common olives. 

Mpioyj a small p4pos piece. 

M6ptnos, Mep<n/Kos, allotted, fatal.— & pxipv^iU- 
fMpa^ wlience Moijpa, lot 

MopfMKOrroficu^ to scare: and 

Mopfiopmrds, hideons. — From Kopfi^ 

Mop/Av^ to rush, roar, fn«rfntiro,to4iHinfMir. ^Written 
also Mvpf/Mpu. In the same relation to M^, as IIop- 
^upctf to *v^ : formed in imitation of the sound {/top 
fwp] : * Dnn. 

Mop/tA^, a hag, hob-goblin: — exdam. ef fright — *R. 
fi6pfios, idle fear. Perh. allied to lAoppjopto, in alios, to 
frightful «otmcl; — or to Mavp^s, Mop^y^s, dark, blaek, 
gloomy, in alius, to appearanee:* Dnn. As Atfyi/ios, 
M6p(rifioSt suppose f/ua<}pi/Aor, f/iavp/ior. Compare the 
double adjectives Teter, Tetricus ; Unas, Unicus. (2) 
Allied to Mep/icpof, 'causing care and sorrow, trouble, 
or injury': (Dnn.). 

Mop6tiSf 'skilfully-wrought: Emesti from lUpov: 
Mulberry-colored. Others make it Glistening, shinidg:' 
Ldd. — Or, according to its just proportions, firom piApos, 
"--Or tor im\6hs horn pl6Kos labor: Elabomted. See 

Mop6ftSt destined : — from 

lASpoSy appointed lot, fate, death, morff. — B. fittpo- 

/MU, fAffXOpa. 

MOPPIA, MOPPINH. Lat murrha, * Some make 
it a natural substance, as agate : others Chinese por- 
celMn, china:' Ldd. 'Prob. from an Eastern dialect. 
Passow compares Buss, murawa, glaring, for earthen- 
ware:' Dnn. 

fHoprdSf mdriaL •— R. pApois, 

Mop6<r(re9j like MoXvvw^ to defil^: as yAd4Wj yPdiJHio. 

Mop^)^, outward form, shape, figure. — We speak of 
' the different forms of government, of public Worship,' 
&c. so Mop^l^ may be from fitipu, pupopa, to divide i.e. 
distinguish. As ir^pnH,&c (2) Transp. from f^pM, 
Lat forma; R. ^€p«, v^^opo, ^pipLiit Uarmg on ita 

mHafle oertab shapes, Lat rt-far«m. So '^/i^p^f 
is ' like.' 

Vi6ppiWy said of the eagle, but variously eKpLiined : 
1. 'dusky', from Sp^ny, with M prafix as in Mcpfur, 
&C. : — 2. < gnoeful', from /Mp^, firm: — S. 'deadly, 
kiliing', for /lopo-^^s. 

M022TN, a wooden lioose er tower. «» ' A Snjfihium 
word : mo^oit French. Serenivs allies our wmmo*.-' Todd. 

VLOIXOX, rmuk, 'mutehSo hal^mame Fr., from Arab. 
moscAa?' Todd. 

M6(rxpSf ' a tender shoot or tBcker,— >net an in&nt, 
yoang maiden, yoong bilUo^ ft. 0oxos, &rx*V> ^ 
euphonic : ' Dnn. See Mdppus. 

MoT^y, lint. — * From fix^t to fill, Oram : applied to 
hollow wounds to fill up the flesh :' Blomf. This f/tiot* 
is allied to M^ and to B^ to dose. Sofn^ and 
nS/ua, a lid. 

M«iwvx«^y, * the tenth Attie month, in whksh was a 
fiBstivai of Diana of Movwx^ Mmtjfehmf one of the 
havens of Athens «' Dnn. The wocd apparently is from 
pi6v-orv^y pMw^f applied to horses. 

Mov<r«^ MoMTO, MflMTO, Mmo, ' the Mute, ihb Goddess 
of Poetry, ITtimc, Song, Dandng, the Dnuna, &c.: met' 
mttfic, song, eloquence : — a poetess, musician, songstress. 
— Prob. from obsol. ptdu^ pui, puiopm^ to search, and so 
invent :' Dnn. and Hemst 'The ancients thus : VLqwnu 
imh T^s MoMTcoir, (irrliaHm* Dnn. (2) ' Hebr. nMMor, 
emdido:* Dahler.. 

MovorcToy, temple of the MfU€B» Above. — Ahio^ a 
mtiMum, ' said to be the plaoe at Athens where Mutcata 
sang and was buried. Later, the Opus mtufeiMi, mo- 
soK?' Ldd. 

M6xBos, the same as Miyos, and allied to it by alL», to move heavy weights; Mc^x^**^*'* <^ 
moving by a lever. — From 

MoxkoSy a bar, bolt, crow, lever, pole. — As MOr^r 
is for stopping up a yround, so MOxA>os is for stopping 
up a door; and both allied to Mi^ and B6w, to stop up. 
(2) But geo. thought the same as ^x^^^t ^ prefixed, 
as in Mepfus, 

Mon^Swiosy Attic : from King Moptua. 

Mi /tv, VLh pLVf 'formed to represent a eonnd uttered 
with closed lips, expressive of discontent, complaint or 
mockery. Lat. mutiOf mugso:* Dnn. The very pronun- 
dation of the M is by closing the lips. 

M^, a sea^rausele: pm, pwSs. 

Mudu, to bite er compress the lips m displeasure. — 
From /Av. 

Mvyphs, a muttermff. — K M^*i puipaiypM^ 

Mv8(£([b/uu, =s pLwritrropunL 

MvScUtf, fwuieot to be moist, wet; damp^ clammy, 
putrid from wet — See MaSdo». 

M^of , mutm, dumb. — From /tv, or jui^, m^«< 

Mi^pof , a mass of red hot iron. — R M<^C''i ^A^Soy, 
(Plutarch uses piiKras from piAdu) : for Budseus says 
that Gaza exphuns piA^u <mti<ire et STRIDERE: 
A mattering, hisdog soand wdl agrees. So Dnn. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



DuikM Mv to be n Bound of ^uookery'. Lew of Uakg, 
(a) ' Beady /wS^ to fall off and melt:' Lenn. 

Mtf«A^f, marrow, pith. — AUied to Mvx^r, 'the 
innermoBt part*, (Dnn.) *R. fiimx IncloBed In the 
innermost part of the flesh and bones:' Damm. 

Mv^, to initiate mto the fiwrrfipm nufslenea t-^ 
instruct. — All firom firfw, i. e. to close against the pro- 
fkne, bat by consequence to open to the disciples. 

* Eustath. from fiiu^ becanse the initiated were to shut 

Mi{w, MuHOj fMUto, to mutter, grumble : — to drink 
WiA closed lips. — R /*»! ^^» M^. W * H«*>r« 
mazaht exprimo: * Dahler. 

• f/lvOoSf * an announcement in order to guide, direct, 
advise, warn, enjoin, command, relate: a word, sabring, 
Bpeech, disoouree, narrative, tale, fable, provvib, advice. 
According to the old Gramm. it expresses less the result 
of the reasoning powers t^an Aij^os, and is prop, refer- 
able to the will, mind, disposition, being formed hj 
tnmsp. from ^flSsi so also Damm:* Dnn« (Z) Much 
better firom fiviw, i/ur^y, to instruct, by contraction, 
to Iliryi^vro for Tlnyy^oiro, (Matthias 6. 0. 204. 3.) 
and see M^onjs : A didactic tale, &c. (S) Others 
from fjL^ to shut the mouth : prep, a dark mysterious 
tale, which one must speak of with one's-sdf ratlier than 
with others. 

UvuLj M^, a fly: * /nitd xaXirQ blind-man's buff, 
Ital. mosea ceca (mtuca ecxa):* Dnn. — *R M^C*, to 
murmur:* Schrevel. Nearer, from fiv, (2) R. m«- 
fuana, bold, daring, as called also Kwd^fivia, ^ Homer 
praises it for its perseverance and baldness, and blames 
it for its impudence: ' Damm. 

MiMcdo/Mu, mugio, to low, bellow, bray. — From the 
sound moo of oxen, as Mfixdopuu of sheep. 

M^s,a mushroom, 'allied to Mvicos.iMfOw, from its 
shiny moist nature; — any knobbed round body, like a 
mushroom, as the cap at the end of a sword*s scabbard ; 
— the snuff of a Ump-wick ; — a fleshy excrescenoe:* 
Ldd. ' The pommel of a swordt* says Portns, * as pom- 
mel is from a resemblance to a Pomum.' 

MvirXos, M^x^^'« == Mx^*'? lascivious. And an ass, 
'as being remarkably lascivious,* Schneid. So fAVidm 
and fiA^du, 

MvKos, mucuit allied to Mvrr^p. See M^a, 

Mufcr^p, the nostril, nose. K fM^irw, fAi/witnu. 
MvKT7ipi(»f to turn up the nose, sneer at: 'Naso sospen- 
dere adunco,* Hor. * Tacito rides naso,* Martial. 

MvXcuepUt a mt^-stone ; — cock-roach found in mvTZf 
tod bakehouses. — From 

M^Xi}, mola^ a miU; netiier mt^Stone ;— barley 
Ooarsely bruised in a miU;'^hard formation in the 
womb, false conception, moloy a mo2s;-— the knee-pan, 
< called also patella or mola' Dr. J. Ai /t^«u,, the 
grinders. — R /JiiWu. 

MvXidotj to grind the teeth. — R fi^Xri. 

MvXXhst * prop, compressing or writhing the mouth : 
hence contorted, crooked. R/A^AA«:'Dun. 

M^XXw, ' HoifiAKXtf [as Vlm/uki] redupL, to sqneexe 
the lips, utter a murmur, mutter m a low voice: — to 
bruise, grind, and MiJXij, a mill. All from [^C,] ^^«, 
fA6m: Schneid* and FasiMW:' Dnn. Compare Bi^, and 
fn^, TlvKvhs and n^Xiy. 

M^AA«, mohy ut Lat per-moio, undo MuXA^f =s t& 
aiSoM ywetucMMi et Mu\A^ s= meretrix. V. supra. 

Hvfutp, * iKol. for fMfwp, fi&fAOs,* Ldd. BUune, cen- 
sure* So ^Op, fUr. Homer has 'A-fivftMr. (a) 
Hebr. mum. 

Mvr86s, as M^Sov^ mitUug, dumb. 

M^ofuu, to fend off; Miirou, pleas and excuses.-^ 
'Buttm. well allies flMimo:' Ldd. See *A/ivi^. 

M^a, mncut fnm, the nose : from f /i^<r«, (w, to 
wipe the nose ; — the nostrils: —a lamp-nozzle. 

M^«, O0y, a kind of plum or damson, so called, says 
Pliny, <ob mueoMm lentorem:* alluding to M^o, 
mfltcuf , abovis. • — So 

Mi<iMr, 'a smooth 8e»^h, as if Slime-fish, Lat. 
mugil :* Ldd. -^ Above. 

Mvovdpwf, a pirate vessel. — ' R fivsy fivhsy wdptnfi * 
Dnn. See Udptty, But fivo- rather from /i^, to be 
closed. (2) * Bayf compounds it of a vessel made at 
Myut and of another made in Paroi: * Steph. 

Miifinfs, MvfphntSy 'a sfeet wine, Lat potio mur- 
rhUna or murrata: prob. flavored with fiOffm or rather 
with /u^poi':'Ldd. 

Mvpiosy numberless, immense: Mvp/oc, 10,000: 
WupASf ^oSf the number of 10,000, whence myriad,'^ 
Vaick. says on £ur. Phoen. 1485: ^ Mvpioy cf/ua is ele- 
gant, Plurimum sanguinis fluebat. For fwptop is used 
properly of JMdti M rwv /cvpo^^Mfv, but was after- 
wards applied to any magnitude.' Bp. Blomf. also refers 
it te M^pM. So Abundant from XJuda. So Ex-undo. . 
Undanti cruore, Virgil. So Ezek. 43. 2 : * His voice 
was like a noise of many waters.* Bev. 14. 2. Isa. 17. 
IS. <TheinifltttodmoMsea:*Sbaksp. 

MvpfxifKu^ ' conceits of a harp-player, who runs up 
and down the notes, in and out ted all ways, like a nest 
ofants:* Ldd. — From 

M6pfin^y MiSpfioSj Bdp/uof, Bdyi^9||, an ant. — Wach- 
ter and Mrt. from/ivpttfi, from their myriads of numbers. 
Or at once R. fi^p«f, fAftufp/uuy by metaph., whence 
Mvpios, which see. (2) '\*4pfMii^ seems to have existed, 
ace jp^fLTiKo, Lat/omOea: then, like ^6pfuy^, from 
^fw, to carry. *Magni formica laboris Ore trahii 
quodoumque potest:' Hor. (3) If B6ptios is the 
orig., then from its exertions in oarying fiopi, for itself. ' 
So some bring Formica fnmferre mioat. See Horace 

M^/ii}|, * a sort of gauntlet with metal stnds like 
warts on it: foir Mvp/ui^faare warts, Lat/onmeoft'oiMf*, 
Ldd.: and these as being like ut*' hills, or as stinging 
like ants. — Above. 

M6pfiri^y a sunken rock in the sea. Allied apparently 
to the word above, but the reason does not appear. 
Steph. mentions Vlvp/joiKias X(0of, * having black emi< 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



neoces like warts.' MiSpfiii^ is also a strange animal 
described by Herod., throwing up sand as an ant: 
3. 102. 

Miipov, * any sweet joice distilling from plants, and 
used for perfumes : derived from fitipu, to tri(^le, by the 
Ancients ; or, ace to Athen., from /df^Of f7^rrA-ot7 : ' 
Ldd. * Certainly allied to tnjfrrh:* Hemst 

mi^, 'juice of the Arabian myrtle, myrrha^ 
murrha:^ Ldd. * Myrrhs Dan. — R. fAjSpa to flow. 
(a) R. fi^pop, (3) ' Hebr. mer, to be bitter: ' Wr. 

Mufi^ivoVy * myrtits BevL pili inferioris partis veretri : ' 
Brunck. An quia 'formoeaa Yeneri gratissima myrtut* 
Virg. ? et ergb ut ^ myrtea sylva' ap. eund. ? Sic 
dicitur Mi;pTdx«*Aa: et Mprrwv est * Veneri deditus.' 
— Compara 

MTPT02, Mvpaivri, Mvfi^ltrri, myrtuaifnyrUe ;— * a fly- 
flap made of myrtle branch,' Ldd. — The Persian mourd. 

MvpcOf to flow or shed copiously, weep copiously. — 
Short for Mop/xvpu, (2) Like Ilri/pw, U^ptOy A^pofuu : 
and allied to Mciv, (as in Avrd-fuxroSf^ to move on, to 
MeOf medre Lat., Moveo Lat and MoAeti'. ^ Eunt 
more JhientU aquae:' Ov. So tiioiuu is to go, Vdw is 
to flow. (3) * Hebr. mar, a drop : ' Mrt 

MDs, g. pvhs, musj mouse: — muacle-Juh: — mmcle of 
the body. — All the senses from /ii$», to keep close. ^ A 
mous^ as shutting itself up in hiding-places:' Voss. Le., 
in fivxoit. (In Persian mwh,') So a Muscle shuts it- 
self up. A Muscle of the body, says Celsus, in some 
way resembles a little mouse. 

Mva-aphs, a wretch. And 

yivffdTTOfuUf to abominate. — From 

Mvaos, abomination, abominable crime.— -R /i^, 
fi^taof : ' At which we shut our eyes, not daring to look : 
or our mouths, not daring to speak :' Eustath. * That 
stoppeth his ears from hearing of blood, and shutteth his 
eyes from seeing evil:' Isa. 33. 15. Note In-vlsus, 
hated. So Mvais is a closing of the lips and eyes. — 
Others from fivQa, (2) * Hebr. mes^ to despise:* Wr. 

fMiltro-w, (used in compounds,) to make to blow the 
nose. — 'R. fi6a>^ jut^ira;, to close the nostrils:' Schn^d. 
Allied to pAaffa^ t^vy*i^i muNgo, 

MuffTot^, upper lip; moustache: = /umtto^. 

MuffrfipioVf a mystery. — R. fivw. 
. M6arriSf initiated in the mysteries, — R fiv4a, 

MwoTlAij, Mi(rru\% * a hollowed bit of bread for 
sipping gravy with, making a! (M{>arpov) spoon: from 
luer^KhMy to cut into bits:' Hemst. So both yiirvT^s 
and MJtiAos are mutilated. 

Marpov, a spoon, as in MucrriA.);. And a measure, 
= 2 spoonfuls. 

MuTcucttr/jhSf fondness for the letter MD. 

MtVriXof, mutilus, mutikUed. See MirvKos. 

MvTtXOs, MiTvKos, tlie muscle fish, or limpet. — R. 
from fivsj fivhsy the muscle fish. (2) Heindorf says: 

* Not from fiSSf but of Latin origin.' Ldd. : * From Latt. 
mytUus.* But whence this ? 

Mi^is, like MuKTifPj* the nose of certain marine ani- 
mals; what liesnndertheir mouth, and through which the 
stomach stretches.' So Aristotle, who adds that these 
have no liver, but instead have the Mvris and upon it 
the &6\05, 

Minr«nhsj MihonoSy * a savory dish made of cheese^ 
honey, garlic, &c. mashed up :~ from fiwOf fid^u, /lufftrcoj 
because its pungent taste made people wince:' Ldd. 

MvxBi(uj ' to breathe strongly through the nose, with 
the lips closely pressed together, as in anger, sorrow, or 
contempt : moan, deride. R. /JivC^f (j^y^^x'hv) : ' Dnn. 

Mvx^s, the innermost part of a house, cave, bay. &c. 
— R fiutf, jucfcvfca, to be shut. . As Close and Closet. 

MiNtf, to be shut : — to shut the eyes and the mouth.. 
— R. /iO, yadu, &c See Bt$w. 

'i^v^Vy muscular part of the body. — R. /ii;j,/Liu^y^ 

Mv&^bs, Mvo{^ a dcNrmoose. — -Ra^s, /uv^ mius, 

Mv/<>4') ' short-sighted, closing the eyelids to see more 
clearly:' Dnn. — R. pL-iw^ t^^ anehs the eye. 

Mv^, horse-fly, gad-fly; — a spur, a stimulant Galled 
by Suid. and Hesych. a /ivta, musca : =: ^fiviti^. Hence 
Mvonri^eiv rhy Tiriroy, to spur a horse. 

MwKos, mockefj ; MwKbs, a mocker. — R /t(£», fiu, 
to lay hold of, ' prehendo, re-prehendo', to chide, rate, 
hn-pLdopuu, (2) Our word mocik^ Fr. mocqueTf Welsh 

Ma;\o5, toil, like MdAos, broil, spec, of war. Allied to 
M($A.os, but Wr. from Hebr. m4>ol^ to cut off. — Also, 
a mocker, like Ma)K($s. — Also, a pier, but this is a sort 
of barbarous word of late age, agreeing with Lat. moles. 
See on MhiHos. 

M£\vSf * worn out by M»A.os toil, feeble, sluggish :* 

M(6a»^, weal of a stripe or blow. — ' A mark left iu 
fjiM\os battle:' Schleusn. (2) * R /icU, apduj as Mw- 
Si^j ^fjLoiSi^ from ffpu&x^'^ I)°°* 

MafMs, blame, ridicule. MomuSj the god of censure 
and ridicule.-rR. fidpupofiaij fiiftofxpuuy to blame. (2) 
Allied to MwKos. (3) ' Hebr. mum, a spot ;' Mrt. 

Mwv, whether. — For M^ S>', M^ o2y. Whether or 
not ? (2) Particip. of fidu : Seeking, enquiring. 

Muvu^j for M6y-wyv^, having solid hoo&, not cloven- 
footed. Thus our Ido-ktry for Idolo-latry. — R, fji6yos^. 

M(&pioVf ' a species of mandrake, supposed to have 
the property of producing madness :' Dnn. — From 

McapbSf prim, tasteles^ sapless, insipid ; and allied 
through fidof, ^fiaopbsj (as f X(£«, XoSpoSj) to Mdrrjy, in 
vain, Mdrcuoy, * improfitable', (Dnn.) Then dull, slow, 
stupid. (2) R. fii), 6pw, ? 


Digitized by L:rOOQl6 




•NABAA, NaDXa, a musical instrument. — ^"The Hebr. 
ne6eZ.*' Becm. and Mrt. 

NdyfjLOf a stone-wall: as piled up. — R vdffcw, vi- 
. Naenis, an inhabitant — R ^vdM, vain, 

Noi, N)^, Na«x«, (as Ovxi,), yes, truly. — Becman 
says that in 600 phices Noi is nothing but * I pray, I ask 
jrou.* I suspect then that Nal is short for "Ovaio^ *vaCf 
* may you prosper (as you grant me) V (Z) ' Hebr. ndj 
now:' Mrt. 

"Ncuhsy <£8os, Noh, a water-nymph. — *R vatw to 
dwell : or ydu, to flow : ' Forcell. * R ydwy to flow : ' Dun. 
Or vduo ' in the sense of Jhaty whence NoOj :' (Dnn.) 

Nof«, fNa«, ^vdaOriVy Ncufrdu, to dwell. — Dnn. 
says : ' In Od. 9. 222, 6p^ vaiov Hyyeaj (some read 
vaoy,) The vessels were jftdlofmilk. Hence this verb 
is prim, to fU, then Jill with inhabitants, and occupy, 
inhabit, as Damm and Passow.* Allied to lUdaaoi, Like 
N(if(r(r», tlaito might mean ' to heap or pile up a building, 
build,and so make habitable : — ^make habitable for, cause 
to dwell', as it is often thus used with an Accus., and 
ivdurOrij he settled or dwelt. (Z) 'Hebr. navcihj to 
dwell:' Mrt 

Ndicn, fiducoSf a goat's skin, sheep's fleece. — ' A skin 
with the wool on : B. v&fftroi, vivaxo. : Something va- 
arhv close and tight:' Schrevel. * Perh. from pdu to 
pile up:' Lennep. K, as fpv\6j(r<Too, <l>v\* (2) 
In Norfolk a nacher is a collar- or harness-maker. 

Na/xa, Noo-fibs, a stream, spring, river. — R Now, to 

NAN05, fidwos, a dwarf, nanm. — Wr. from Hebr. 
neeuj a babe, Becm. from Hebr. neertf * subolescebat' 
The old deriv. is at least more to the purpose, from v^, 
or vh, &pd : One ' not' grown ' up' to his proper size, as 
NijAe^y, N^toy, &c. But ? 

Na^fa XWoSf a whetstone, from Naxos in Crete. 

Nobf , NrjdSf a dwelling of the gods, a temple, or its 
inmost part. — B. f vctw, vaiotj to dwell. * The house where 
God is worshipped :' Hesych. Called oIko^ Luke xi. 51. 
So ' house • 1 Kings 5. 18. *The house of GOD ' is com- 
mon. — Or yalwf f vtia, to build, as Horn. yri6y tycuratuf. 

Ncfjnj, Ndiros, a woody dell. — *R. prob. v&u :' Dnn. 
*E via, as in a N^iftj much moisture flows:' Greg. 
So Hederic * & frequentii fontium et rivorum.' ' A wa- 
tery place:* Hesych. IIt?, as irtJpIIH. 

NAPA05, spikenard.— < The Hebr. n&rd:' Wr. 

NAP0HH, * the giant-fennel : — the stalks were used 
as canes, rods, ferules : the dried pith as tinder : a box 
[made of it] for containing ungiients : copy of Homer 
kept by Alexander in the perfume-box of Darius :' Dnn. 
— * The Etym. M. from yaphs^ humid, flowing : Hesych. 
calls it a reed-plant :' Scheide. It may be so. 

N<fpi«;, numbness, torpor: — the torpedo fish. — The 
old deriv. is v^, ipic», to be capable of: A state of in- 
capacity, (a) R ydw, yeurerw, f voipw, ' to press down 
firmly', (Dnn.) yti&rhs, * closely pressed, compact,' like 
nr^KT^y, 'compact, curdled, condensed.' Compare in 
form AdpKos and Mdpyos, 

'SdpKifftros, the narcissusjrom its narcotic properties^ 
— Above. 

THapbs, vripbsj flowing, liquid.— R vdu^ to flow. 

'SairfiSs : in Noyua. 

NdfftrWf * to press down firmly, heap up, pile. Akin to 
New, NV, to heap, and perhaps Na/»:' Dnn. See in 
Nat» and fNciw. In form, as Updaau^ Tda-trw, 

NatTrds, close-pressed: 6 y,, a well-kneaded cake.— 
R ydffffu. 

NaiJKpdpo J, 'also written fJavKXapoSy and so the same 
as 'SwiKX-npos : the chief of a division of the citizens:— 
we do not find they had anything to do with the nary, 
till Solon charged each with furnishing 1 ship and 2 horse- 
men : so that Bockh's deriv. from yavs is less prob. than 
from vafw :'« Ldd. * Eustath. explains it having Kpdpay 
iy wjf, the head in the ship : And well, for the Greeks 
often compare a republic to a ship, and its governora to 
pilots :' Port. 

NavXa : In Ndf Aa. 

NaCAov, passage-money in a yavs ship. 

NaDs, naviSf a ship. — B. ycCw, ' fluo, fluito', to float • 
Floating on the waters. Or R yda, to swhn, as the 
gen. is y^ds, (Z) Sanskr. nav, Pers. nauh. 

NauiTia, 'Scania, sickness on board of yavs shipy 

Na&rris, ttauta, a sailor; yavs, 

NouT^Aos, a seaman, nauta: — the mtailus, a sbell- 
fish, with a membrane serving it for a sail : The sailor.-— 

NA^0A, naphtha^ * a bituminous substance in a liquid 
state:' Dnn. — 'By the Persians still called Naft:' 
Dahler. (a) In form as "A^tfox, wy, the thrush. R 
ydu>y to flow. ? 

NAXl, N^», fNfw in Ntaaofioi, fNiJw in Lat. Ntto, 
Nuo"T(£f«, seem to have meant prim, to Move^ and to be the 
same as Mct«, &c., M and N agreeing as Miy, Niy ; M^, 
N77-, Ne, &c. Mrt. however adduces * Hebr. nahj mo- 
veri ' ; Wr. representing it as ' Hebr. two, to move.' Hence 

1. New, NdofMi, "Nlffaofiai, to go, i.e. to move on- 
wards. Also, to return. 

2. New, noy to swim, i. e. to move in the water. * Hebr. 
nah, moveri :* Mrt. 

3. Ne^w, to bend forwards or down, i.e. move the head 
thitherward. ^ Hebr. nahy nuto': Mrt. 

4. N(iw, to flow, i.e. move on. 

5. Ndu, to setUe a persob in a place, i.e. cause liim 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



to remoM EDd go there : and Na(«, to dwell Ormston 
Bays : ' To flow or flock to, people, inhabit' "See also a 
different method in Noiw.^* Hebr. navahj to dwell :' Mrt 

6. N^», to heap, pile, i.e. moveo in nnnm, mnoh as 
2S^, to draw, is also * to sweep or bmsh into a heap, 
collect*, (Dnn.). — * Allied to 6erm.naAen, to sew, i. e. join 
together :' Thiersch. See Na 7. 

7. N^w, neo, to spin, i.e. ' to roll or wind up thread ': 
Qnm, See No. 6. Bat Ormston reverses 6 and 7. 

8. N((m, N/vtm, to wash : i.e. to move the hands 
abont in water, as Xclp x*^ yimi, I, as in ylo*. 
cro/Acu. And rl^, 

Nc-, not See in Ni}-. 

N/a, Ncdf, N«^f, fidlow gronnd. — B. v4os. le. 

Nf&yfar, Ncai4<ricof, a young man, as Ncos ;<^also 
as N^oj, new, fresh. 

N^OTOJ, NelaroSf last, nttermoet — Prop, the newest, 
from v4of, as Lat novissimns. 

NtephSf a fawn : from yfoj, Wfw, (as iwFfw,) ve- 
fp^f : A jonng deer. Somewhat as Juvenis, Juyencos. 

Nc/atpa, Ncipo, the latter or lower part of the belly : 
yaariip sometimes added. Like Nearor, Nciaror, last 

N€(K^o», to (^narrel, wrangle : Ncocos, contention. — 
Usnally derived from i^-, or re-, dkM: Unyielding 
condnct: Or Unsnitableness of temper, for*A-cuc^s is 
Unsuitable. Or as 'A-cficcia, AIkIu, unseemly conduct 
(2) R. viotuu, I'cfo'o-ofuu, f Wi'ctfca, ' eo, gradior*, Le. 
* co-eo, con.gredior,' to meet in a hostile manner. 

N€f({0cv, from the bottom. — B. vios^ whence Hiaros 
the last 

Ncioi', NIoi', NcwotI, recently. — B. r^os, fresh. So 
Novus, Noviper, Nuper. 

Nco/i«u, Nefo/uM, Ncfo'o'o/iai, Vl<raoficUf to come or 
go. See NAO 1. 

N^KTop, nectar f the drink of the gods: ^afterwards, 
food. — 'Usually derived from ve-, not, and f^Tow, 
KTtlvw: and so = A/iffpocria:* Ldd. As conferring im- 
mortality. (2) R v4oy icriapf a new possession of the 

NcKvs, ffeKphSf dead ; — a dead body. — Lenn. well 
from ^I'CK^s, VcK^f, (as 'EKeiyos, Kcu/of; '£y€p0€, 
N4p6€,) explained by Steph. : ' porrectus et protentus in 
longitudinem.' Stretched out, laid flat. Homer: Ktiro 
radels, (2) R. v4^, taken as N€i$w, to bend forward, 
much as Cadaver from Gado, TLearifM from Tllirroo. 
NeKvs, as Ye», VfKds, (3) ' Chald. necas is Mactare, 
neca Percutere : * Mrt. 

N€/i€<ris, just retribution, vengeance, spite, ill-feeling; 
— just remorse. — Nemegisy the goddess of Retribution. 
And SefitffdoOf to feel just indignation at — *B. re/Diw, 
to distribute, assign:* Dnn. 

Nc/iof, *a pasture, from v4fU0: — a wooded pasture, 
glade, nemits:^ Ldd. 

Nc/u», to distribute, assign, allot:— midd. divide 
among themselves, possess, have in use ;— -dwell in as 
a possession: — act to dispense the affairs of a house or 

state, govern, rule: — to feed, put to pasture ; midd. to 
devour : l e. assign to animals their proper pastures.^- 
From Ww, (See NAA:) prop, to move, i.e. one from an- 
other, or into their proper places, r&-moveo, o-moreo, 
dUmoveOy ee-moveo. if4fm (and Nw/u^»), also *to 
brandish', i.e. to motfe up and down. *N»ju<(», MO- 
VEOf agito;* Steph. — In form compare r«/i«, Bpe^ai, 

Nev^ VtyyhSf KevlriKoSj foolish, — purblind. — • IL 
yc-, not, vovs, [As rpttlOTJ becomes rptnOX"] Or 
Hebr. neen, a child :* Mrt Note our nmmf, Span, iitno, 
a child. 

Nff^lAof, new-bom, as Nerf-70voy. — B. Wo;; — 
-yiKos seems in some manner connected with Tlyofuu, 

NcoAoio, a band of youths, the youth of a nation. — 
B. »4os, young; Xa^t, people. 

NcoMCU, "SuofjLoi, HeuraofJuUf HiffirofJuUf to come or ga 

— SeemNAfil. 

Nfoy, v4FoSy fioVut, neWf fresh; — ^young, young num. 

— B. Ww, v4ofmiy to come: Just come, fresh come, 
v4^r\Kvs» So Ad-vena, a stranger,*from Ad-venio. *New 
gods that came newly upi' Deut 32. 17. 'We Belgians 
say een cumkomeUng :* Lenn. 

Utoaahs, a young animal, esp. young bird, from Ncos. 
Also Voffffhsj Norr^s. As Als, Ai(r<r6f. 

Jitoxfibs, = v4os, 

N^ToScf. * The seals are called the vdra^ts of Am- 
phitrltd, explained 1. re-, ne-, tc^^s^ pedes^ the footless 
ones, fish ; 2. vin, to swim, no : the swimming or fin- 
footed; 3. v4iroi€s ^ a brood, as if from v4os: LrL 
nepos, nepotU:* Ldd. 

N«f)^, for "EytpBe: Niprcpos {or*Zv4pTepos. 

NcvpA, a string, bow-string. And 

Net^oy, NcOpfoy, nervus: a sinew, tendon, nerve: — 
string made of sinew; — fibre. — Lennep says: 'R 
I'etW. Prop, quod focit vergere.* Martin: 'B. v€i&«: 
nam est instrumentum inclinatumis,^ Now Dr. Johnson 
defines Sinew ' the ligament by which the joints are 
moved.* So that evidently motion is implied in Nevpov. 
And NAA, NEfi, mean prim, to move. See NAA. 

Nci^, f fitto, nuto, to nod, — nod to, beckon ; — bend for- 
ward, incline, decline: NcuorcC^w, to nod, fiill asleep. — 
B. v4o9, v4ofuUf to go, i.e. downwards. See in NAA 3. 
(a) 'Hebr.noA, nuto:*Mrt. 

Nc^^At}, nebula, and N^^of, doud, mist: — and a 
fine biixi-net, much as Ovid's Vellera nebulae sequantia. 
' Tbeophrast uses Nc^^Aou of light fleecy clouds:* Ldd. 
^Tbere was a verb Ne^«, whence 'Ewl-vf^is: and (as 
St€^»,) *prob. from W», i^», to heap, accumulate:* 
Dnn. — . Or even y4u, v4oiuUy to go (over): That which 
comes over (supervenit) the sky. (2) The old deriv. 
was V€-t <t>dos : No light (3) ' Chald. nophy stillo : ' Mrt 

N«<^/K>i, the kidneys. — The Etym. M. from vtl<pto =£ 
vt^f to wet, * qubd irriganttur urfnA,* * B. v^w, fw, 
fluo:* Mrt (2) 'Prob. from ^p4vfs by transp., as 
ForMa from Mop*^:* Dnn. 

N^: For the various senses see in NAA. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



NecS/Mov, a dock-jard. — B. vf^s gen. of pads: and 
perh. &pa, attention to. 
Neaari: in Neioy, 
NectfTo, for tls y.y next year, i.e. the new year coming. 

— R. yios, new; or yeofiai^ to come. 

N77-, as Lat ne-y not, the same as M^, as MiVjNiv. 
(^Zy Some bring y^ from &NEi/, and indeed it sometimes 
occurs as Nc-. Blomf. rejects fir)-. (3) Sax. ne, not. 

N^ Ala, y^ fxit rhy Ala^ yes by Jove. ^- Allied to 
Nai. So Aa2 and A^. 

Ni77(£t€oj, new-made. — R. v^oj, v4a; ^yda>, ytycuij 
'fy4yaTcUj ylvofxau Passow for tieii-yaros, 

NiiUvfioSf Homeric epith. of sleep, ' 1. from v^, 8i;a>, 
for '&y-iK'hvTos, from which one rises not, as v-iryp^ros: 

— 2. Usu. derived from ^5vs, sweet, i.e. i}8i//ios, which 
often occurs, but not in Homer: a very old mistake then 
for^HSv/uos; N introduced to supply the place of the 
defunct digamma: otherwise v is contrary to all analogy, 
[ may be like y^ ^ volL^ and indeed Ldd. him- 
self says on N^x*^^'': ' Prob. formed on the supp. that 
vri is intensive:' and the same in Nir»'eday(J$ :] — 3. 
Some even make it Intimns sopor, from i^S^s, the 
bowels, stomach : * Ldd. So Jones : ' Vital sleep.' 

NiySis, the belly, bowels, womb. — As N^cis is the 
act of heaping, accumulation, so lOfius the part of the 
body where the food is accumulated. A, as /ir-^A.vAos, 
S Awp, S Aos, /li} Aos, fipoAvs* (2) ' Hebr. nodf uter :' Mrt. 

Ntj^w, Nrty4(o, to pile: y4(o. 

N^0w, to spin : R. v^w, iviidriy, 

N^is, g. K^i'Sos, not knowing : yrj, eiScw, cTSo)', tSov, 

N^iC€<rT0j, NijAc^y, Niy/Atpr^s, N^i'e/xo?: all from 10;-, 
with adjunct from dLK4oixai lixccTou, lAeof , ofiofndyw, 
&yffios. So 

N^iTioj, Ntjitutios, an infant. — R. 1^-, ftr« : as In- 
-fans, not speaking. Nrtir^ius perh. from yri-j airin, 

"NriplTnSf Ntipeirris, sea-snail or periwinkle. — Grove 
from yiwj to swim : * As swimming on the water.' Or 
loypbs, wet, liquid : A liquid substance. So Dun.: *R. 
yilpiTOi, same sense as Nripds,* 

Ni^piTos, ' B yifpiOfioSy countless:' Ldd. Le. n7-, 
&piOfios. But 0M ? Better from n}-, ipis, or 4pl(Uf 
ijpircu : So *A8^piT0f, not to be disputed. Incontestably 
great. Or lO}-, ipu, to speak, like A-trireros, Unspeak- 
ably great. 

Nt/p^s, as NaphSf flowing, wet: ydce. 

N^ffos, an island. — * R. y4u, to swim:' Dnn. Or to 
float, as in "Savs. * To v4w (to swim,) Dionysius seems 
to allude iu his Perieg. 7. 8 : *H(fr€ NHXOMENON 
KucXiiarKerou oCvofia NH20X So Insula is In-salo:' 
Pkh. (2) R. yiu, vcu'w, to dwell. Dr. Jones calls it 
' a place inhabited by men.' Opposed to a desert island. 

Nijtrati, a duck. — *R. W«, (fir^<r»,) to swim:' Ldd. 
Anacr. : "iSe wws yrja-tra koAv/a§$. Or, to float. (Z) 
Lenn. for vfiefftra, like a ship. 

N^iTTis, "Aioyo-Tty, fasting, starving. — For yfi-effrtSf 
from I8«, atarat (whence 'ESeorbf , eatable,) contr. 
t€0'Tai. So In-edia* 

N^cTTxj, the Intestlnum jejunum, from its being al- 
ways found empty. Above. — And used by ^mpedocles 
for the element of air and water: Q. as empty and light, 
as Horace, * Per VACUUM aethenu' Homer has: * May 
you become water and earth,' i.e. may you die, II. 7. 
99. But Ldd. * prob. from a Sicilian goddess so called.' 

N^tt;, the yedri/i lowest chord in the lyre. 

Nijifxa, * am sober, esp. drink no wine:' Ldd.— R. rn, 
cupii or peif. ^^o, Ewro/uu : Not to touch. See Vfjaris, 

N^X«> «s N€w, ^y4yrjKa, to swim. 

NIPAAPOS, a pipe or flute to regulate rowers. — Q.? 

Nffw, NfiTTw, to wash : — see Nfirrw, and in NAXl 8. 

Ni/nj, victory. — As ^pitrawj ^plicriy so f NiVcw, N/ici;. 
fN/o-er« is active of * yiffffoficu^ fut ylaofuu, to go away, 
roturn', (Ldd.). i.e. to make to retire, and so to turn 
back. * By the way that he came, by the same shall 
he return^* 2 Kings 19. 33. So Tp^irw is used, Tpo. 
irarov, &c. (Z) The old Gramm. deriv. was ye- or 
yv-i efew or ffe« as in 'IkcKos : Where the party does 
not yield. (3) *Hebr. ncfee, to smite:' Wr. As well 
ally it to Neco from N4kvs, But I ? 

"Niy, the same as Miy. 

N£irr», to wash, and Nffw. — * Allied to vcJw, to flow, 
v4(if, to swim, y4<f>eo^ yl<l>w :' Lenn. * R. vei<p(o or V€0w, 
to wet:' Pkh. and Ewing. ' R v4w, to swim:' Mrt Or 
allied at once to Ncia, prim, to move, which see. As 
in Xelp x^^P^ ylirrei. See NAA. 

ffitrtrofjiau: in Neo/xai. 

Nlrpov, nitre, but explained natron or potasse, and, 
when mixed with oil, used for soap. — * R. W^w, [i/^w- 
Tcu,] yivrca : ' Dnn. * That by which you can vim-ctv :' 
Lenn. (2) 'Hebr. neter, to dissolve or cleanse:' Wr. 

Ni^, to snow. — Allied to Nff«, to wash, and 
NItttco, (a) • Hebr. noph, slillo:' Mrt. 

Nli/^, yi^bs, snow. — Above. 

No^o), to observe, perceive, have thought, think, 
understand, purpose. — R. y6os, 

N66oSy illegitimate, spurious. — R. v^o/ioi, j[4y6hiyi 
Adventitious.. 'Advena pellex,' Ov. See Noo-t^w. 

(2) R. 1^, KOcDf ^oda : Against the established custom.? 

(3) R. ovorhSf Vorbs, contemptible: Or a. 1 6y6driy, 
No/A6^s, a shepherd. R. y4iJxo, y4yofiaf to feed cattle. 

— A dealer out, distributor: R. vc/xw, to disti'ibute. -— 
No/A6cr, * the ribs of a ship, which are the basis of the 
whole,' Ldd. : i.e. directors. Or as equally diatributedy 
as Homer's i^as 4l(rai. 

Nofil^a), to observe or practise as a v6fioP law or 
custom. Nofil(w 0€ovs,to believe in the gods as recognized 
by the state; — own, acknowledge, hold to be right, — 
gen. to think. 

N<J/iur/io, usage, custom ; — the common current coin 
of a state, — established weight or measure. — Above. 

Ii6fxo5f usage, law.-— R. y4fjuot Assigning to each hi a 
own : or an assigned, allotted state of things. 

NS/MtSf a musical note, strain. * According to a pr9-' 
scribed form, as the Lydian measure, the highest ; the 
Dorian, the lowest:' Dnn. — • Above. 

Digifed by Google 



USfios, allotment of land, division, district: p4fjM. 
No/ibs, ji pasture; from v4/jm^U} feed. And No/x^, 
devouring violence. 

NSoSf NtfSs, the mind, thought, purpose, &c. — * As 
Tl\(Wf nxdosy so N^w, "Sdos. Ii4w is prop, glomero : 
Ndos is that which glomerat, which coagit, cogit, 
coffitat:' Valck. So Lenn. *fTom v4u, necto, eogo, cogito* 
Thus NectOf says Voss, is prop, to join together hj 
SPINNING. Then to coHTUCtj connect ideas. 

NiJcrof, a disease, disorder, &c. — Few words have 
given etymologists more trouble than this. They say, 
from H), not, (rdot, sound : but the O ? — - Or from the 
Hebr. imm, to flee: but this is beside the mark. — I 
imagine that, as Ulrpop and hirpov, Ni»{ and Avyq, 
(Dnn.), Nt;/A^a and Lympha, Nanciscor and Aa7x^*» 
so "Sdffos and ^\6ffos were the same, and that \\6(ro5 
belonged to that ntimerous class Aoi^bf, Aoi/iibs, AotSopw, 
AopS^s, &C. and meant ' a hwt\ &c. Compare on simi- 
lar principles Acurtos and Aourits. , 
Noo'o'iJs : in Vtofftrds, 

NooTcfl0, to go or come home, return. — B. vSofxeu^ 
"fvivoffTcu. So KOpfji6s. 

K6ff<t>^, f96(r<f>iVf aloof, apart, away, far from : — except. 
— B. p6aroSy v6ffro(pi, v6a<pt : By a going away, by re- 
tiring from, as tiaxv^ ^k vo<rrfiarain-€Sf having retired 
from the battle. So *TKo-y6(miiris is explained by 
Steph., * by which anything goes back, and betakes it- 
self or sinks away (clanculhm) by stealth.' Thus in 
full, fJoffiptv OK* iixKuy in Homer, and *AxO'v6<r<f>i. 
No<r^/^o/xflu, to separate from.^Above. 
N<fr/s, moisture. — B. vloyMi, vivortUy to go, i.e. 
issne forth. As'lKfi&t from*'liK». (2) Allied to Ndw, 
to flow. * R ycM, no^ fluo. — Ghald. neday aspersit : * Ulrt. 
N^TOSt notm, the S. wind.^B. y^ris^ moisture. 
' This wind gen. brought rain in Greece :' Dnn. * Htt- 
midus Anster,' Virg. * Udo Noto,' Hor. 

Nov/ifios, nummtUf a coin,N(J/ua-fta.— >'B. y6nosi* Dnn. 
Nv : the same as Nw. 
Ni;KT«ply, a bat, flying vvicrhs by night, 
'S^tfjufni^ a bride, allied to the Latin Nubo^ Ntibea^ 
'N4(poSf Nc^4A)}, &c from her veiling her face : — any 
married woman, — even a marriageable maiden; — a 
Nymph, *The Muses are called Nymphs: hence all 
raptured persons were called Nv/t£4><$-A.iprro(, caught by 
the Muses :' Ldd. Also a baby, chrysalis or pupa of 
moths, young bee or wasp, &c.; opening rosebud; — 
water, Lat lympha^ * prob. from the water- ft^;7%« :' 
Ldd. Al viifjupcuy the nymphcB in the female body. — 
The word fN^^w (whence Nf^^At?) is established by 
'Eiri-veil^ts. Then }yho<f>a^ Fyitpos, and a verb -fNiJ^)*, 
Nubo, as prehs, ytv^, pTfieos, MoMch. 
U^fjuptoSj a bridegroom. — Above. 
Nuv, now. — *It seems contr. from v^Ov, [^1. of] 
Wok, which often means now in Homer, as in II. 7. 394:' 
Scheide. So Brunck. translates Nhy in (Ed. T. 155. 
Thus ETyra for 'EOi^o. (Z) B. yhv^ part, of y4u>, to 
go : The time jiassing. (3) • Hebr. twi, now :* Mrt. ? 

Nuy, then, as in Come on then : or now, as Now it 
came to pass,— and seems to Hennann to be the same 
as Nui': — without its emphasis. 

Ni|, rwjrrAy, night, wear. Nrf^ioJ, nightly. — Dnn. 
allies it to Ai/71;, darkness, N and A being freq. inter- 
changed as Nirpoy, Airpoy, See on Ndaos, (2) Al- 
lied to Kaird-yu^is drowsiness, Nvcr^^M to droop* the 
head in sleep : The time of thus doing. (3) Alhed to 
NUbo, NTfM^, 7NO^os, N4<pos, Sec. 

'Sitbs, nurus, a daughter-in-law, bride. — Contr. from 
^Lvyvhs or 'Ei^vos, which see. 

NiJtraa, a starting-post, turning-post in a race-course. 
^Ky^ffav: Where the horses are spurred. St Gregory: 
' Spur your horses about the yiSfftrti.* 

Niffffw, {», to goad, prick, pierce, spur.— As ffwrrd- 
C», to nod drowsily, is proj^ to go (downward), so 
fi^ffu is to make to go (onwards), make to move on. 
See the obs. on NAA. (2) ' Hebr. natchach, to bite :' 

Nvtf-rti^w, := rciHTTcifw, ytiiot, nttfo, to nod. 
NjJxwj, by night: NiJxa, by night; so that there 
was Ni»|, fyvx^s as well as wicrSs, 

N(^aXa, »!/, says Jones, ' a cake or sweet-cake : from 
y4oy 7«iAo, = yt6yoXa : Made prob. of fr«sh milk.* So 
*A<pp6-'yaXa was frothed milk or whipped cream. 

Nudiis. NXld^s, sluggish, and NHirap, sloth, seem 
allied : for, (amid many conjectures) K&xap may be 
from yji, »Kir$, swift : otichs being itself from u>0w Ham 
&Ka to push, as * wOtiy to push matters on, hurry,* Ldd. 
And N»9^s from v^, wBw. (Z) Dnn. says : ' Nwwap, 
from V17-, (TKaipu*: But Xl ? Yet so Mrt. derives N«- 
Biis, vto04oSf * from rri-, dtv^ to run.' 

NXII, N«l>, «o*, we two. — The Hebr. nii, as in Emma- 
-NU-el, GOD with us, 
NcSicap : in NuB^s. 

NwA.6/i€f, unceasingly, continually. — From w?, etXw 
(o\a to turn, roll : Steadily, firmly : * firmfe,' Steph. on 
Ap. Bh. 2. 605. (2) B. pi)-, foAfw, HWv/u, to de- 
stroy : Indestructibly, for ever. As Ntl^yvfios. (3) * B. 
nj-, Ktimtj lK4\€ifificUy] :' Dnn. But O. and the 
other M ? Compare dprEMEX 
N«/Aa, for N^fia from yo4w, 
Kdtftitif, to distribute, allot : B. y4fiu, y4yofxa. So 
"SiTpotipda, Tpwrdio, And, like N^^tw, to direct, guide, 
manage, ply, sway,— move or revolve in the mind, ob- 
serve ;— move oneself. 

Ni6^, oiros, gleaming. — From H, 6piS, Spdu^ to 
see : * Too bright to look at :' Ldd. (2) From ^i^, 6p&, 
Siro, the eye or face. For 4v<&p(nlf : In which one sees 
one's face. As 'EKeivos, Ktiyos, 

NwTos, -ov, the back. — Damm from w3, v^w, to heap 
(burdens). We comm. say, The hcmk is equal to the 
bw'den. (2) * R ytiw, [or allied,] to incline:' Mrt. 

N«x«My, sluggish.— *Usu. deriv. from pt}, ^WaAw 
= k4Ww, to drive: [One whom you cannot drive.] 
Passow and Doederlein from vri,wKhSy swift :' L^d.— Or 
B. yij, 0x4(0 : of a horse that won't carry you. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



Ealvv,io scratch, like Hew, to scrape ; — then to card, 
coinb, full, clean ; — treat one as a fuller does cloth, 
beat, strike, scourge. Hao-jua, carded wool, supposes a 
word f |(iw = ^4(a. So f BcLai, Balvw. 

aavBhs, gold- or pale-yellow. — As 'EKfiyos, Kiivos ; 
^Eyep0€, N«p0€,— fur^E^oyeoj, from *E^ov6^ft;, in the 
medical sense * to lose its blossoms, to fade', (Dnn.) and 
so it agrees with Flavus, which some deduce from Flac- 
ceo, Flaccrvus ; — Of the color of faded autumn leaves. 
Or from the sense of ' efflorescence ' in *E^-dydr}ais, and 
' to break out into eruptions * in *E(-ai/0ew. (2) As 
aov$hs is somewhat like UayBhSf both may be thought 
allied to S^», Hafy», i^dydriv, to rub, polish, i.e. make 

U4uos, Helvos, strange, foreign ; — stranger, foreigner, 
guest. Also the host as stranger to the guest. — For 
'i^evoSf (as KriUri for *lKTt5€i;,) from ?f/c«, ?Ja, to come. 
So''Eir-i}\vs and Ad-vena. 
Ufp6s, = ^np^s, 

EeVTTjy, a measure, the Lat. Boctarim: — transp. 
from aij^ms. 

H6C0 seems formed from the harsh sound made by the 
letter f repeatedly pronounced : mi : — a letter called 
by Cicero ' vastier litera.' E^w then meant to scrape, 
plane, carve, polish, smooth. 

Eijpos, dry. — B. |€« : As said of timber easy to be 
scraped. (2) Our «ere. 

Ef</)os,a sword. — ^* Accord, to Et. M. from |j5«: [to 
polish, smooth] :' Ldd. Allied to Eeci'. And there was 
an obsolete Sio', as there were Yew, ^ia. 

E^ai/oi/, any carved work, — statue, — musical instru- 
ment. — R. lew, e^oo. 

Hov6o9, *of a color between ^oifBhi and fiery-reel, 
brown-yellow, tawny: — but in some places, as ^ovBa 
A.aA.c5y, it is said of sound, as thin, fine, delicate: — prob. 
from (cw, (t^od) :' Ldd. In the last sense, smoothed, 
polished, as in "SLifpos, And the color perhaps from 
smoothing and polishing. 

Ei/^Ai;, a tool for scraping wood, plane, or rasp: — 
also a Spartan * falchion, a kind of ^i<pi5tov* Steph. — 

E^Xoif, * prob. from |^«, |u« : wood cut and ready for 
use, firewood, timber, piece of wood, — cudgel, — heavy 
collar of wood, — pole, cross, — bench, table ; — measure 
of length :' Ldd. * Ei$Aov means rasum :' Valck. 

"EvKoxoSf woody country.— B. l^\oy ; and lx"> ^X*> 
to have. 

E6v, the same as 2^ ' together with.* 

Evvdsj common ^bp with, in common. So 'Ayrios^ 

Uvpdw, Ei^pu, to shave ; Eupdv, a razor. — B. ^vta, to 

Uvarls, a robe of state, i. e. made fine, finely worked. 

— R. |u«. A garment, says Homer, which Minerva 

Bvarhy, the polished shaft of a spear ; — a spear, dart; 

— chisel. — B. ^tW. * RasUia hasla :* Sil. * Rascegrue 
hastilia virgae :' Virg. 

UvarhSf xystus, a covered gallery for wrestlers and 
walkers : called from the floor being made particularly 
smooth and level. — And 

Et/errpo, a curry-comb ; Ewott;^, graving-tool ; Eu- 
cTTpls, scraped or graved fluting of pillars, &c. — From 

Ev«, like Ee'«, to scrape, plane, polish ; — scrape ofi^. 


*0, *H, TO, * the': and *05, *H,*0, * who, which,' 
&c. — Primitive words. * Hebr. Aw, this, or M :' Mrt. 
*0 and our Who seem allied : *Oi', Whom : &c. 

0-, like A-, is * together' or * intensely.' And, as A- 
for "Ajua, so O- for 'OjuoD, together. 

*0 t ^, excbm. in Aristoph. : from the sonnd, as it 
would seem. 

'OA, as OuA, O^al, oh! oA/ — From the sound. 
(a) ' Vai, Hebr. :' Mrt. * Oi, Hoi, Hebr.^' Schleusn. 
(3) Our woe. 
"Oa, a sheepskin : from &'s, oVis, 
"Oapf g. hapos, a mate, consort^ wife. — From O prefix, 
JSipa, to join. As '0;A-aj[»T€«. 

'Oa/>ff«, to converse familiarly with : "Capos, converse. 
— Above. 


"06517, sight: for fuirrr; from fSwro/ttou, as cIITo/Aof 
into eBAo/xof. 

*06eXbf , a spit in the form of a /3^A.os, dart, O pre- 
fixed : '06eA ((TKOs, a small spit ; —an obelitk ; — a mark 
of censure. 

*OSo\hs^ a small coin : thought to be = d6eA^ as 
being stamped with a spit. But Dnn. : ' In form like 
a spit.' Some think that ' copper nails o^cAoi were 
used as money:' Ldd. 

"OSpMf *0€plKd\aj the young of wild animals.*^ 
Many make Sipia = Iju^pva, embryos and also things 
newly bom. For fiSpfw seems allied to ^pitw through 
fiapvs. Compare Bptcw, Bpf0». (2) ' Perh. allied to 
"okpiyia [and Bpiapa] from fipiAoo :' Mrt. and Wr. As 
said of yowagferce animals, wolves, lions, &c 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



"OSpifios, strong, mighty. — Allied to Bplfi-ri, might, 
violence: and *0€pifjiit>, Hecate'. (Z) *Hebr. dter, 
strong :'Wr. 

"OSpu^ovj metal purified. — The O is prefix. ' Bpvw 
and Bp6(u are the same, just as B\^ and B\vCof. The 
Greeks explain Bpvuv by kva-fiXvfiVy dva-mjS^v, of 
things which cast ont a foam in bubbling :' Salmas. So 
that Bp(tQi> also may mean &ya-/3xJw. The P and A 
are often interchanged. 

"OySooy, eighth. — R. 6kt^, iKroos, iydoos, as «- 
XiKToi, iXlFAriv. 

'OjKa ndAAas, Pallas or Minerva worshipped at Onca^ 
a village near Thebes. 

*OyKdofiou, to bray. From the sound ONK, (Z) 
Dr. Jones from 6yKos : ' To swell oneself with sound.' 

"OyKos, uncuSt a bend, curve, hook, barb ; — angle ; 
—anything swelling out, as a tumor; — a lofty head- 
dress ; — swelling spirit, arrogance, high dignity; — heap, 
mass, bulk. *OyK<aB4(rTfpo5 is ' more swelling out or 
rounded ;* — but, as used by iElian of an ass, is explained 
by Ldd. * of a louder note, from o7K(£o/ia«.*— As "Oyfxos 
is allied to^Ayw, bo" Oy kos to^AyKoSf'Ayieij/AyKvKoSy 
&c. See the next. 

"Oy/ioy, a furrow, row, line, orbit. — ^Just what would 
be meant by "f&yfiosy ductus, from Hya &7fiai, duco. 
So both * Ay elpu and *Ey€ipw are found : so "AKpis and 
"Oicpis, "Ajuo and 'Ofiov. The Schol. Nicand. p. 48 
identifies ' * Ay fibs, 6yfios \ See above. "Oy/xov &yeiv 
is in Theocr. 

'08a|», to bite, sting : o, Sc^vvm, f Scf^o). So '05a- 
irraC» to bite : fiom perf. pass. fS^SoKrai. 

*05€Abj, form of 0§eA<Jy. 

•08<, Attic for 5«€, 6 8e. 

*OlpL% a smell, odor. — B. 5^0), Zlov^ f^ov. *09/x^ 
oddiet Od. €. 59. So *0^u^. 

'08by, a way, path, road. And *08bj, Ov8^f, a 
threshold. Ldd. calls v 6^bs and 6 oihs *■ Kindred 
words'. And Damm calls the latter *a way into a 
house or chamber.' They seem to come from croi and 
^rai, pf. pass, of f 6«d, f ^», 7n/ii, flpn : By which we send 
ourselves forward, By which we go. The 0,as in nOp- 
libsy ipOpros, yOtrros: and A, as in fiaAlCm, vAoap, 
<rTdAriv,arTdAios,iLU-4A7tVj&c, Compare in sense K4K\a> 
and K4\ev0os. — They may be otherwise compared with 
*'E8oy, a base, foundation. (Z) ' Chald. ada,to pass :' Mrt. 

*OSov5, g. oUvTos, a tooth. — K ISw, fiSo: With 
which we eat. * EdenSy edentis' (2) Danta Sanskr., 
deniis Lat. 

'08<$a;, to show dBhv the way. 

•08i5i^, pain, grief. — B. ISw, i>5a, edo. * Cures edaces,' 
Hor. ' Si quid eH {edW) animum : ' ' Te tantus edat 
dolor,' Virg. So Homer: dvfibv (sHomes, ^fibv Kar- 
-«8ctfy, IScat KpaZiriy, (2) B. o, and $i^, anguish. 
(3) R. ^vvu, '0|€7at 'OATNAI ATNON /acVos, Hom. 

'OSvfio/Aac, to be affiicted, grieve, deplore. — * Allied to 
*05tJyi7, grief, 'flSli', 'ilJiiua: ' Dnn. See AtJoj and Avpo- 
/iou. (2) For f oSwupo/icii, as 'OAo^upo/xai. 

YOhwrffofjuu^ fut. oSvo-ofxat, to be grieved at, angjy. 
— * Allied to *Odvpofxeu to grieve, *05uioj, *n5tV:' Dnn. 

*05cu5^, odor : in 'OS,ui^. 

"O^axi'a, an ozoma, fetid polypus; — a strong-smelling 
sea-polypus. — B. 5f«. ^ 

"Ofos, bough, branch: — scion: "OtrHos, "Ta^os in 
Sappho. — As "O-tAos from tAcUd, tA«, so "O-for from 
(m, (a : a livit^ branch, opp. to a dead one. 

"O^Wy to have a smell or smack, to yield odor. — As 
fAw, "ACw; f Ea, "Efw; so f 0«, "OC«, fOw. ofo«: 
Simply, to carry with it (a smell). (2) As "AajTos to 
breathe, supposes a form from An f&<$a>, hence a form 
f&<{^<w, 6(w. (3) ' Hebr. Aozi, it made to go out:' Mrt. 

"OSty, whence: "Odi, where: from ts, as OvpavdOev, 

*Odv€7o5, alien, foreign. — Many from tlOvos: From 
another nation. Much as we say a Gentile. O, as 
pEndo, pOndus; "EAcuoy, Oleum. (2) R. ydOos, 
v60€tos, oOyeujs. As ^dayavoy for ^(piyayoy, 

"OOofjuUf to have a care or concern for. — Hemsterh. 
takes "00(0 as = ai0ci), to impel : < To be moved on ac- 
count of anything.' So Damm explains"©^, care, *Bes 
quae me movet.^ (2) R HOooj 66a : To have an hMttud 
care or concern for, to be constantly thoughtful ot 

*066vri, fine linen, linen veils, cloths, sails. — From 
o, tfcfvtf, r4dova'. Beaten fine, as 'EAijAa/xci^of from 
iXaifyuf. ' Mostly, /rac linen:' Dnn. (2) * Chald. atuna^ 
funis, linteum :' Mrt. * Hebr. atew, to spin : ' Wr. 

O0pi{, with like hair : o, dpi^. 

Ot, ohl — *From the sound:' Lenn. (2) 'Hebr. 
hoi-: Mrt. 

Ox, to him: dat. of 4 or ^, like oftcOI whence oXxm, 
olK<p, So 

or, whither. — Dat. of 5s: «**, $. So Qab is used 
for Whither. So Eh and Illb; and our Where for 

Ofol, oKos, Ot^iov, the handle of a rudder, the helm. 
* B* o&», fero :' Mrt. and Wr. As the means of bearing 
on or guiding a ship on its way. The Etym. M. says, 
5i' oZ rh HHAAAION *EPETAI. OiriK€s are the 
rings through which the reins are passed : * the reins,' 
says Eustath., * which olaKl(ova-i pilot the mules.' 

0IB02, meat from the back of an ox's neck, the best 
part. — Only in Lucian 2. 324. — Q. ? 

OI70), |«, Otyvvfii, to open. — B. fofw, f ol/co, (as 
T|t^rn,) to carry up, lift the latch, as also 'Ay-oiyw. 
(2) As"Oy/M)s is found, and allied to^Ayw, so Ofyw, 
to "Ayw, to carry up. 

OiSew, OtSdvoD, to swell or make to swell. — Scheido 
well from fofw, oforw, ' toUo, attollo: oUoSy quod attollit 
se:' Which carries itself up. A, as in SytiAos, 4p€iAu, 
cnreiAWj /SaA^^co, VAtap. 

OJ^yoyfSL fungus-ball. — Above, 

'Ot^y, affliction. — From 

Olf^w, to cry ot oh! — wail. . So 'XI, "Xlfw. 

Oiri, a village. — * Probi from o7oy, (oXa^y Ldd. Sy 
itself. (2) B. fofa;, like OZkos which see. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Oliliov : in Ola|. 

OiT^jUo, self-opinion. — R otofMt, oXyifuu. 

OiKiofj to dwell in an oIkos; Oticeiby, belonging to 
one's house or family, private, one's own, as Private pro- 
perty; OiKci($w, to make or claim as my own; Oxicffw, 
to establish a household or colony; &c. — From 

07kos, a house. — R. ^oXw, otaw, oIku : Whither one 
betctkes oneself, a retreat, spec, after the day's labors. 

* Domum se nocte ferehati' Y'lrg. * Vespertinus pete 
tectum:' Hor. 'It is', says Bp. Home in a Sermon, 

* like a warm and comfortable house, into which a man 
retreats, where he finds good provision', &c. And thus 
Valck. and others from ^ta, lowca, to retire. OJkos is 
also used for a dining-room. 

OlfCTos, a wailing: — pity, commiseration, as this 
from Miser. — B. olfC«, oIktm. 

OlyLOLy impetuosity, attack. — B. to««» ^ot}uui Which 
carries one on. So Olfiduy to pounce upon. 

OTjuat: in Oiofiau 

01/ii7, OJfAos, a way, road, tract, course. — R. ^o(a, 
. olfuu: * Qua te DUCIT via,' Virg. 'H 6hb5 (p4p€i tis 
lp6y, Herod. We say, That roads leads to such a place. 
So ^Ayuia, 

OifiTi, OTfxos, a song ; explained by Ldd. Hhe path or 
course of a tale, the course or strain of song.' Above. 
Some say, as sung in the otfious streets. Dnn. compares 

Olfjui(<o^ to cry Of/ioi, oh me! bewail. 

Otvrjf WinSy ohos. Also, the vine, producing the 
ohos, as many derive M4\icr<ra from M^A.i. 

Otvri, the ace on dice. Allied to Ofo, alone. Lat. una, 

OIN02, wine.^- Although the sense of * impetuosity ' 
in 07/ua and OJa-rpos, and the expression of Horace, 

* Qub me, Bacche, rapisf, might point to f of«, to carry 
away, yet all derive from abroad : Hebr. YYN, Aram. 
jena, Teuton, toein, Sax. rtn, Dutch vinn, Lat vinum, 

our tome. So the Goth., Welsh, Cimbric. 

OXofioi, OJfjuUy Otctf, tu think, from the obsol. oXot, 
*duco', as 'duco' is used and Gr. 6ya and Tiyiofuu. 
*Ey yyc&ntf. t6S* 46durraff€v, M, Prom. 913. 

otos, such as. — From oX = ^, quo (modo), i.e. tali 
modo quo, in such way as. 

Olos uii\, OX6s re ci/i2, lit. I am such as to do, i.e, I 
can do. 

Oloj, alone. — From o, fos, one: All-one, whence 

* alone.' * And I am all alone.* (2) R. ot, alas! ex- 
pressive of desolation. Awr^ irphs owt^v irarcp* iir- 
'Oifjui^y ^i\ov, Eur. Med. 

"Oi's, Sios, oVis, a sheep. — From "foXw, oXawy to bear, 
carry, Le. wool. In Latin lani-GER, from gero. So 
Dr. J. defines Sheep 'the animal that bears wool.' Ovid: 
*Molle gerit tergo lucida vellus owV And, * Vellera 
fertis, oves.* 

Ofonnj, Olcnrt&n}, Oiirwrty, 'sheep-dung, esgec. the dirt 
which collects about the hinder part of (olf) a sheep. 
JProb. from l^is, o7s, though said also of a goat : ' Ldd. 

OiffThSj borne. — B. ^oXot, oZcrrai. 

'OttTT^y, an arrow : i.e. carried forward, when shot 
from the bow. — Above. So 

OlaTpos, violent impulse, fury, desire. As carrying 
forward. Above. Also the gad-fly as driving cattle on 
and making them furious, cestnu. 

OTcroy, any plaited work, rope. From 0I20:S, 
0I5TA, an OSIER, Eng. and French. — Mrt says, 
' Ola-ov, a rope, from otiw, fero.' Then Oiffva would be 
The rope-tree. ? 

OXavrros : in OXami, 

Olroy, lot, doom. — R foXto, oTtoi : Borne or endured. 
'Totque tuU casus,' Virg. So Fors, Fortuna, from 
<p4pw, ir4<popTai, (2) R 6t, alas! 

OXfu, Oi<p4(i), to come together in marriage, &c. — 
Ot(^« seems allied to fO^fx^^ OXxofMi,from "foXa, oXcrw: 
Eo, co-eo, to come together. ^ as in Bi^du, S^co, 
ypd^ai, {i*oj, i|/^y. (Z) Greg, allies it to *Oiru£». 
(3) Note our Wife, as OJvop, Wine. 

OXxofiai, f Oix^o/ww, Otx»'€«,to go, go away, — perish. 

— OXxofMu B&^Zpxofuu. R. foXIw, o^jca: Carry myself 
on, as "Ayt, Age, *Tir-<£7», nept-^ey, and our With- 
draw. X, as K^Xw, ffTtvdXu, avXiu. 

fOia, oXaw, and f 0X1 in 'H/ios, &c., to bear, carry. 

— A Primitive, perhaps through f 0» allied to f E«, 
t'I«, to send (on). 

Oluvhs, solitary bird of prey, as Sola comix, Virg.; 
from ohs, alone. As Tluvhs, Koiyoi>y6s, 

"Oko, ndKo. Doric of *'Ot«, U6t€, 

*OKe\^M9, the same as KeXAw. 

*OK\a6ias, a camp-stool, admitting of its sinking with 
us, or simply as bent. — From 

*OK\d(o»,to crouch down on bended knees, sink, — 
slacken.— R. K\do», to break : o as *Ok4\Xu. The knees 
seem broken under us. Indeed KA.(iw is expkined to 
* bend' in 'Ava-KAc£w, Utpt-KXdM. 

"Okvos, reluctance, slowness, sloth. — R. Ix«, 5x«» 
oxyos : By which we hold back. Homer : "la^x^i 6kvo5. 
K, as 8f Ka, SeKo/iou, ^vXoK^. (a) ' Hebr. ogen, to be 
detained:' Wr. 

*Oicoy, "Okkos, ocidus^ the eye. — MoL of f olloj, from 
h)^j oirSs: as Xmros, M.Xkkos, equus. 

'OKpidofuu, am exasperated, as this from Asper. — 
R. SKpis, as 

^OKplSas, pulpit, scaffold. As "Oicpis s= &KpiSf so 
YOKpos =. ixpos, and fiits, as AvKd€as, Going to, or 
by which we gO to, a height. Also, a buskin, high 
shoe, OCREA. 

*OKpi6u5: in^O/fpis. 

^OKpv6€is, = Kpu6us, with o prefix, from Kpv6s: 
Cold, chilling; — making one cold, horrible. 

"OKpis, 'like "hKpis, "hKpa, a point, prominence, 
roughness. And *Ofcpi(J€<s. rugged : ' Ldd. 

•OicTci>, octo, eight. — Pkh. says that Mrt. ingeniously 
derives it from 8x« 8*^«> * eminently two', because 2x2 
X 2 = 8. Well: though more simply from Iktcu, (as 
in 'E/cTtKbs, nXeoi/-6KT€a),) and f Skto*, (as O in "Ox/Aa, 
"Ox^ij/Otl^i, *0»T«utf, KOpfibs, ipOpTos,) from ^X^fMUj 
to be next to: Next to the number 7. 

Digitized by L:rOOQl6 



OKXoi, = 6x05, as *Okx^> = ^X^- 

'OAoi, OuAa), ' coarse barley, sprinkled with salt on 
the head of the victim before the sacriSce. — Usu. con- 
sidered =s 5Aai, the whole unground barley-corns. 
Bat Buttm. from ^AA«, HoXOy dAew, &\fvpov, as bread- 
corn prepared for use by grindinfr, applied aft. to barley 
only:' Ldd. (Z) * Hebr. oke, burnt offering:' Wr. 

"OKSoSf prosperity, felicity. — • Prob. akin to t&X<^», 
ii\<paiy(o, to brin^ in, yield :' Ldd. And Passow allies 
it to 6<p4?i\Uj f50Actf, f6\(pw, B, as &fi^ am Bo. 
Better from fAXw, foXo, SAfos, as SAo, SAfa, sylVa. A 
rolling together, accumulation. So 'AA^i 'AoAXr^y, 
collected together, 'E^Aijto, &c. Compare ddfiBO^j 

"OKtOpoSy destruction. ^ R. f 3A6«. 

*O\4Kpaa/0Vj s=: u\eKpdvov, 

*0\€pbSf =s doK^phsj impure. As ro7a, Ala. See 
'OAbr 1. 

f'OA^w, "OWvfu, 'OAA^, ^0\4ku, to make to perish, 
destroy. — R. fcAw, foAa, to take, and (like Aip4oo,} 
to take away, destroy. — Or from ?XX», c/Aw, foKoy to 
roll, i. e. to roll down, precipitate. * Multi fortunis pro- 
rolvebantur*: Tac. *Armenta virosqne In-vohem 
secnm ' : Virg. * Volvo ^ prostemo : Virgil, Semineces 
volvit multos:* Forcell. Th Koivhv KvKiv^trai, Aristoph. 
■Eccles. We say, He in-volved many in ruin. Steph. 
explains "EXAepo * oAAvpa, 5\AuKTa'. See 'E^-o^Aijy, 
(2) From o, and the obs. f^fw, t^» feW, whence de-leOj 
to destroy. ^ Aeafvw is 'to destroy,' (Ldd.) 

*0\lyos, little, few. — * Perh. from o, \lyos, from fA/w 
whence Airhs, thin :' Lenn. So AiffahSf is rubbed smooth : 
and see A{6os, Aicyos. 

*0\l(uv, less. — R 0A170S, as Meyas, MfiCwy, 

"OXiariof, penis coriaceus. — Forsan, ut "'OA/ioy, cy- 
lindrus : ad quam Tocem vide Ldd. infra. Et qubd est 
* volubilis ', * lubricus ', affinis sit voci 'OAl^dos, et 
*OA7206». B02, ut 5ABOZ 

fO\urd4<o, -dva, to slip ; — slip or glide along. — Like 
*0\ur€os and "OA/tos, from clXw, loAo, 5Aa, to roll. — 
But Ldd. makes both *0\i(rd4u, and "OKitrSos slipperi- 
ness, smoothness, allied to A12(fhs, smooth : o prefix, as 

'OXfcafa, a tail. — B. cAkw, SAko: ' because it is trailed 
along :' Ldd. 

'OAKay, a towed ship, ship of burden. — As above. 

'OAkcFoi', the under part of a ship on which it is 
drawn along ; — a large bowl or basin for washing cups, 
capable of being drawn along. — Above. 

*0\Khs, * a machine for hauling ships, — shed into 
which ships are drawn up, — strap or rein, [as drawing 
on,] — furrow, track, made by trailing along :' Ldd. — 

"OAAil, a drinking-bowl. — Perh. allied to "OA/tios, 
' any bowl-shaped body ', (Ldd.) Only in Athen. 494, 
and a rather doubtful word. — Note OUa Lat. 

"OAAiJjLii : in f'OAw. I 

"OA/ioj, * a round smooth stone ; — the human trunk, | 

without head, arms, or legs, — any cylindrical or bdwi- 
shaped body, as a mortar, kneading-trough, the hollow 
seat on which tl^e Pythia prophesied, a drinking-vessel, 
the mouth-piece of a flute: — No doubt from rfAw, t»> 
roll :' Ldd. I. e. loAo, vAa, or cZXw, loAo, SAo, whence 
f OAt/ios, "OXfws, 

'O\o\vyii»v. 'an unknown animal, named from its 
note: thought to lie a small owl, or the thmsh, or the 
tree-frog :* Ldd. From 

'OAoAv^w, to speak with a loud cry or noise. — * Formed 
from the sound': Ldd. As Ultdo, (2) R. AiJfw, fAw- 
\6iot, dAoAufw. (3) • Hebr. hdU, ululare : ' Mrt. 

"OAoAus, an eflRsminate dissolute man. Redupl. from 
f oA6«, f oA«. Perditus. As 

*OAo6s, destroyed, undone ; — destructive. — R. foAco;, 

*OAd»T«, to peel or pluck off, bark. — From o, AeVv, 
AeAoira, to peel. 

'OA^y, = bo\6s. As roTa, Alo. 

•QAis, = oKo6i, 

"'OAoy, the whoj^, all, entire. — Allied to 'AoAA^y,- 
collected together ; 'AoAA^Si^y, in a compact body : and 
to*AA€ls, collected. From €?A<», «oAa, to bring together. 
So Cunctus is Con-junctus. Compare O^Aos, a sheaf. 

*OAo<rxos, * a leathern sack or purse. R. 8Aof, hex""!* 
Dnn. So 

'0\oip\vKrh, * as *AvKTOtya, a pustule, blister. R 
Z\os, <f>\vCo»:* Dnn. See above. 

'OAo^vySc^v, as 'OAo^Avicrfs, and allied to ^ufrduj 
to inflate. 

*OXo^v9vhs, wailing. — ^Allied to 

*OAo^i)po/ioa, to wail, weep, — weep 'for others, pity. 
— R oAoiTTw, 5Ao0a, to pluck off. The Etym. M. ex- 
plains it to weep with plucking of the hair. < Luctus 
evellens comam': Seneca. *AiJupi-ipv^>4as in Herod. 
Much as KdrjfOVTOu Revel, i. 7. Lat. plango from 
vK-fia-crWy irAoryw. (Z) Eustath. from 8Aos, ^{ppofuu. 
See 'OAoi^Auxcrff . But note o\o^vAif6s. 

"OAwTj, "OAiriy, olearium vas, an oil-flask : — a ewer. 
— The deriv.'of the Gramm. was ^Aou'ov hin6s : As con- 
taining the juice of oil. Rather from lAaioK only, as 
•n6pTllH, Curiously the Latin is OLenm. So pOndus 
frompEndo. (2) Alliedto''OA/*oj,*'OAAt|. AsircJpnH. 

'OKvfiiridis, victory at the Olympic games. From 
"OAv^iroy, Mount Olympus on the frontier of Thessaly, 
fabled to be the seat of the gods. 

"OKwBoSy a fig that seldom ripens, destroyed before 
the time. — Pkb. from 6K\vfu : or oAca;, to destroy. 
So Ewing : ' R. S?i\ufMu : an early fig which is apt to 
fall J — the first figs which easily fall off by the wind*. 
* Aa a fig-tree /3({AA« robs 6\T&vdov$ a^r^f , casteth her 
untimely figa:' Rev. 6. 13. 

''OAvpa, a kind of corn, distinct from wheat and bar^ 
lev, and perh. a kind of spelt :— compared by Ldd. with 
'AAeupoi', flour of wheat and barley. 

'O/iS, *O/io0, much as 'AMA, together. See on "Oy- 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 


ON A A. 

. "OftaHoSj noise or. din of many voices ; — crowd, con- 
conrse ; — din of battle. — R. i/wi, together. Or from 
dju^f , dSos, 

'O/idKooi, fellow-liearers of the philosophers. — B. 
6/ta, iMo6» ifKOOV, to hear. 

'OfjLoXhSy even, level ; of eqaal or like degree ; — ordi- 
nary, average, i.e. like the great mass. — R. A/to, to- 
gether; or d/ihsf common, joint : — i.e. of one common 
level or sarface. As x^o/iaAAOS. 

*0/iAj, dioSj the whole. — B. ifuL 

''O^^pos, imber imbris, a heavy shower, storm. — 
Allied to ''OfjuSpifioSt "OSpifws, vehement, and perh. 
transp. from the latter, with the ejection of I : much as 
"EKwKayos, ''E/ciro7A.os. (Z) ' For 6€pos [as \aMgoy«,] 
from Of and the root of Bpi^:' Lenn. I.e. Papfw^ 
fiSpcctf, to press weightily on. (3) An old deriv. was 
ifiov ^4v, P& : Hfipos, 6ftBpoSt as fitOTifiBpia : Waters 
flowing in concert (4) ' Hebr. ober\ a cloud :' Wr. 

"Ofiriposj ' from 6fi6s or dfiovy Jkpta {^pov)^ like 'O/ta- 
f>^s and 'OfiifpTiSy joined together, united, a husband : — 
also a pledge, surety or security for the maintenance of 
union (or peace), a hostage t* Ldd. 

"OfiiP^Sy a crowd, throng of soldiers or people. — R. 
6fjMf 1\ri a band. 

'Ofiix^ri, a mist, fog, smoke: o, "ffiiyo), ^w, h^fuxa: 
As mixed, confused. * Turbid state of the air:' Jones. 
Compare the French BrouUler and BrouiUard. (2) 
Pott from the root of 

*OpLlx(o, -cw, fat. ofii^u, as Lat. (migo) vUNgo^mmxij 
to make water. — O prefix, and the obsol. jucw, (See 
MAfi,) preserved in Lat. meo, to pass, as we say To 
pcM water, Lat meib. And perh. ii^lu was an old 
Greek word, for fHotx'^s seems to Hemsterhuis to come 
from * Vl€ix<if or Mlx<^* 

"O/ii/xa, the eye. — R. ivrofjuu, to see, ^nfiat^ ififMu 

"OfMtos and *Ofiibs, like, resembling, equal. — R. ^/ao, 

fOtiSpyWf *Oft6pytfvpu, to wipe, wipe off, press out ; 
allied to *Afi4py», to pluck ofif, and *AfA4\ycOf to squeeze 

*0/x6s: in 'Ofioios. 

'O/iov : in 'Ofia. 

t*OfuJ«, "OfAvvfu, *OiuW«, to swear, &c. — *From 
Siuni or ^s : To unite, bind together:' Schneid. 
That is, so as *Ofio-\oyetv to make an agreement by a 
solemn compact Budsus quotes *Ev.Afioros 6fio* 
\oyia, a sworn agreement Compare 'Opicos and^Epicos. 

* Our ancestors', as Edwards renders it, Lat Ex. p. 92, 

* did not regard any bond for ensuring an engeigement to 
be more binding than an oathJ Ezek. 17. 13: *And 
hath made a covenant with him, and taken an ocUh of 
him.' Psa. 89. 3: * I have made a covenant with my 
chosen, I have sworn unto David.' Josh. 9. 15. (2) 
*■ Chald. ami, he swore :' Mrt 

"O^jL-nvri , and perh. *'0/i*wt7, food, esp. com : "O/^irvai, 
cakes of meal and honey laid on altars. Ldd. supposes 
it = 5in^, (as AaM^eiyfip,) allied to opt, opes, oplmua, 

opiparus, &c. — It is allied also to *Eir0, *^ira, to be 
busy about, and to cook in 'A/x^-cirw : whence *Oirrdu, 
to bake. 

"OfAwvta, Ceres. — Above. 

"Ofiwytos, nourishing, — hence abundant, large, huge. 
— R. ofAirvii, 

*OfKt>aX6s, the navel, — centre, — raised boss or knob 
in the middle of a shield, ttanbo; — knob on the horse'a 
yoke to fasten the reins to. — ^As x^^/aAAOS, d/iAAOX 
And, as *'Afia, 'O/Att ; 'A7/10S, "O^/uoj ; (Schol. Nicand. 
p. 48,) •'A7K0J, 'OyKos, so ^OfupaX^s and fAfupaXos 
from o/A^L (2) For 6<t>a\ds (as ^iM^o,) from o, tpd- 
\os, ' a knob, stud, something prominent or projecting,' 
(Dnn.) (3) 'As the foetus is nourished through the 
navel-string, some suppose an afimity to "Ofimni, as 
Schol. Nicand. : * Dnn. Or "Ofimj, whence "OfAvaXos, 
"OfupaXos. (4) • Hebr. anbl ;' Wr. 

"OfA^Ki^, ayos* an unripe grape ; — unripe, harsh, mo- 
rose. — ^R. »^^s, raw: Schneid. and Pass.': Dnn. Most 
add properly <pdyw to eat : Unripe for eating. 

'O/A^, a voice, esp. a divine voice, oracle, omen; — 
melody ; — fame, report. — For i^^, (as ^tM^,) from 
lir», t^. to speak. (2) Mrt from (r6) hv, ^, ^/a£ : 
As foretelluig the fact ? (3) ' Hebr. anba :' Wr. 

'OfjMS, equally, alike. — R. dfids, 

"OfiOfS, equally for that, all the same for that, never- 
theless. ~^ Above. 

"Oyaypos, a wild ass : oyos, iypbf, Aypios. -^ Also, 
a machine for hurling stones. * For the wild asses, when 
hunted, kick up the stones behind them, and send them 
against their pursuers :' Ammian. 

"Oyap, "Qyeipos, -pap, -ap, a vision in sleep opp. to a 
waking vision. Dnn. says : * A dream in opp. to a real 
appearance, sometliing vain, illusory or transient' It is 
well known that Homer says Ovk 6yap oAA' ihrap : yet 
St Matthew was far from understanding "Oi^op as a 
false or v€nn dream : 2. 12. I give in therefore partly 
to Becman who says : * The ancients formed "Oy^ipos 
on the strength of a good omen, for they formed it from 
ovctw ipSoy : ' 1. e. from assisting and advantaging man- 
kind by telling them sometliing. Thus "Ovap would be 
from "Ovciop. But better "Ovap simply from ^ovdu,. 
&yil<ra, foyw, to benefit As ddyw, h4yAP. "Oynap 
is indeed both ' a dream' and * an advantage'. — We 
might however well adopt here the ei^fhanismic or 
propitiatory sense found in Parcae, Eii-d^yvfAos, Ev- 

fOyaua, "Owj/a, *Ovivrifu, fOy4» (whence "Owiop,) 
to benefit, gratify, delight : But 'Ovoiuu, to vituperate, 
blame. Thus also 'Ovu^os is both good fame and bad 
fame, glory and disgrace. These opposite meanings ar^ 
found also in the Lat Honor, honor, and the old French 
Honi, shame, which are compared by all. — Mrt deduces 
"Ovopuai 'from Arab, hon, to despise'. And f'Oyciv * from 
ani^ to profit'. (2) But both senses may flow from O 
prefixed to ^yiu, yw, to heap up: ^vdM producing 
Nao'o'w, ' prop, to heap up, akin to New, to heap :* (Dnn.) 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Then 1. tolieap favors or delights on one, 2. to heap 
insults and bad names on one. (3) Dnn. snpposes with 
Buttm. a verb fOyw^ thought by Dnn. to mean * to 
make mention of, good or bad :' but who can tell us 
about this "fOvu ? As to "Ovojuot above, that may be 
oontr. from "foySofMi, a verb ifoydm for uvoadnrfv being 
authorised by Buttm. : And ^6v6» being from o, vtUj 

"Oyttapf profit, advantage, succour. 'Oycioro, re- 
freshments, victuals. — 'B. 6v4u, 2n)/Ai:' Dnn. See 
•f'Oi'eJw. — A dream : See "Oyap. 

'Oi^6(5of , good and bad fame, honor and disgrace : in 
f 'Ov(£». £< as in ScEIop. A as in SAo^, SAwp. 

"Oyeipoy, in^Ovop. 

'Ovtiw, to lift up with an "Oyos windlass. 

•'OKfloy, dung.— * Prob. the same as "OvU, the dung 
of an Bpos ass : ' Schneid. (a) For Wos, as \aNedvu; 
then, (as "O-tAos,) from i&ew, 3w, riftjA", depono : A 

*Ov^\€^«, * to dress with forced meat, — to doctor 
wine. — Passow from 6y0os : lit. to stuff with dirt : — 
comparing Germ. mSsten, roisten. Compare Uri\6si* 
Ldd. Bedung — vitiate, adulterate — season. See 

'Oyivrifu: in fOydw, 

*Ovls: in^OK^os. 

"OvofMj a name. — From o, yifJMy ydvo/ia, to distri- 
bute, attribute, assign : What is assigned to us at our 
birth, That by which we are distinguished. (2) Dnn. 
from "fSvWf f5yo/tuu, *to make mention of.' See on 
f*Oy(w. (2) Nam Sanskr. and Pers. 'Hebr. turn, 

"Oyofiouj to vituperate, blame: in ^*Ovdw. 

"OyoSt an ass. — Mrt from "fovdta, f dy«, iyjj/xi, to be 
a help to. As Jumentum is Juvamentum. Virgil of 
the dying ox: * Quid labor aut herufacta JUVANT' t 
(Z) From o, i^ew, w, to heap up: On which burdens 
ara piled. up. So Lat. ONUS, a burden of things 
heaped up. 

"Ovof , *OvUrK0i, also a kind of codfish, Lat asellm^ of 
which Orid: *Et tam deformi non dignus nomine 
atellusJ Applied also, like Latin Porcellio from Por- 
cellus, to a woodlouse, and a kind of wingless locust, 
drawing itself up when touched into a round ball. — 
''Oyot are two stars in the breast of the sign Cancer. 
The asses. ? — Above. 

"Ovoij * from its being a beast of burden, meant a 
windlass, crane, pulley; — the upper millstone which 
turned round. — Also a beaker, wine-cup, prob. from its 
shape:' Ldd. * A kind of vessel with two long ear$^: 
Wr. — Above. 

"OyoSf * ^ oivri, the ace:' Dnn. 

*Ovr(as, as it is, in truth. — B. fiv, hvrhs, part of 


"Oyv^, vxos, a nail, claw, talon, hoof : — the om/x 
stone ^ which has spots like nails when polished,' 
Dnn. : ' in cobr resembling the nail of the finger,' £nc. 

Br. — "On^ is from ifoywrtrct, le. O, j^o"«, ^», to 
prick, pierce. 

"Ow^j * anything like an Svu| ckw, the hook of an 
anchor, an instrument of torture : — the white part at 
the end of rose-leaves, &c by which they are attached 
to the stalk, as it were their nail-mark, Lat ungues 
rosarum: — a thickening like a nail on the cornea of 
the eye; — a part of the liver:' Ldd. 

'Owx^fw, to examine 6yvxt with the nail if a work is 
well done. The Latins say * Factus ad unguem.* 

*0|1j, a vinegar-cruet — And 

"O^os, vinegar, Fr. vinaigre, vinum-acre. — From 

*0|wy, iJos, sharp. ^ B. o, f iJa, to scrape, scratch, 
(a) Allied to *Aic^, a point, as "Oy fws to ''A7». 

"OirdSos, 'OirnhhSj 'OiracDi^, a companion, attendant 

— From 

'Oir<£(«, to follow. B. eiro/*a«, to follow; 5?ra, 
j6ird(w. Also, to make anything accompany a person, 
cause him to take it with him, and so present, give. 

"Onttis, Mo\. 5ir€or, an awl: 'to boreholes with,* 
Todd: i.e. to bore onds, 

Oir^, an opening , aperture, hole. — B. 5iito/uu, Sva, 
tnra: Through which one can see. (2) Todd compares 
ope, open^ opening. 

*Oin7,**'Owot, "Oirow, *Oiroros, &c., the same as rir?, 
not, Uov, noioj, &c See TIOX 

'Oirfas, cheese of milk curdled with onhs juice partic 
of the fig. 

'Oir£^o/uai, to have Hvis a care for. 

'Oirlfotf, to extract oirhs juice. 

'OifiKhs, * Lat opicus (in Juvenal, &c.) with a play 
on oir^:' Ldd. 

f Oirw, in Kdr-oiriv, "Ef-oiriv, at the back, behind. 

— B. eirofuu, 8ira, to follow. 

"Chrioy, poppy-juice, opium. — B. Ms. 

•OiTiTTeiw, *OirMrci5», to look about, stare about, ob- 
serve, watch. — See in "Onro/ioi. (Z) B. ^Hm-w, 
f Sirro/icu, redupl. f oiroirT€i5«^, soft oiriTrreia). 

'OiTij, divine vengeance, retribution. B. eiroficUf 
8iro, to follow. ^Sequitur ultor Deus,' Hor. Also, 
reverential regard, respect, awe, as Ob-sequor and Ob- 
-sequium. (2) R. f dirro/ucu, Sva, vTUy to look upon 
(with regard). 

"Oviffde/Oiriee, *Oirta6)j behind.— Above. "Oirweci' 
hrttrdt: Xen. 

'OiriffTOTos, most behind: := ovia^aeroSj from 
ovicrta behind. 

^OirXi}, a hoof, the peculiar BvKoy of the horse, &c. 
Nature, says Anacreon, "Owhas ll^Kty fmrois. 

"OirXofJMij to provide myself oirAa instruments or 
means of living. 

"OirAoi', a tool, implement, instrument; — of war, ar- 
mour, weapon, shield; — of a ship, tackle, cordage. — 
B. €ir«, 3wa: By or with which we labor at, instrument 
for working. Compare "Opyavov. 

'OTr\6T€pos, younger; prop, more fit to carry oir\a 
arms. So 'Tircp-oirAo; confident in arms, &c. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



'Oirhsj juice, gum, fig-juice. — ' From the iv^ open- 
ing whence it flows:' Mrt. Thus also Steph.: * Succus 
castratione, terebratione, vel alio vulnere effluens/ So 
Dnn. says of Xv\6s: *That which exudes naturally, or 
from incisions made.' (2) 'B. cVw, h^w, ova, coquo:' 

'OiTTciw, to roast, broil, bake : 'Oirriv, roasted, &c.: 
allied to "Oif^ov, broiled meat, fish, and to "'Eif^a), to boil : 
*E<p6hSt boiled. — - All from eirw, €i//», cjrreu and oTrraiy 
orpcuj to prepare with fire. O, as in icOp/i^s, <pOpfi6s. 

"OimAoj, the eye. — From 

f 'OTTTo/ioi, 6\lfOfmiy * to see, see to, look to, take care' : 
Ewmg. — In comparing this with *07ri(oiMi (from iJiny, 
reverence, concern,) * to stand in awe of, respect, follow 
upon, attend,' (Ewing,) and 'Omwrc^, * to look at, ob- 
serve with attention or curiosity', we refer "OvrofMi 
(like "Ovts, &c.) to cvofMij oiro, to follow after i.e. with 
the eye, regard, look to. (Z) As f Aclw, AdllTcD, so 
o5fa>,f^«, f3nT«, andfo<T<roi,^er(roiuou, (an older form, says 
Ldd.) to carry (the eye) to, like fBA^w, BXcVw, to cast 
(the eye) on. Virg. : * Passim octUos per cuncta yercn^i' 
Sil.: ^Circum-ferre octdos.* Qnintil: ^Mittamm octdos.' 
(3) B. eir«, eirrai and otrTat, (as ^OpfihSj 'OirTcU?,) to 
be busy in (with the eye). 

*On;ia>, *Ojri}«, to- marry, of the man. — * Allied to 
"Enw, 2ira, necto, connecto, conjungo (matrimonio) : ' 
Scheide. And to "Aittoj, to join : and to ''Eiroftat, to ac- 
company. (2) B. eir«, to attend to, as ^n. 3. 136: 
'CONNIJBUS arvisque novis OPERATA javentus.' 
(3) Ab ov^y foramen (muliebre) ? 

'0)r(£f)a, the end of summer, fruit- time, full age of 
puberty. — Some from qvhs, &pa: The time when the 
fruits of the earth are full of juice, &c. (Z) R. Iiro- 
fjM, oira, to follow: The season at the end of sum- 
mer. (3) R. o, irSpoSj supplies. 

'Opdca^ *Op4a>f * to see, stand seeing, look at,* Dnn. — 
'To look at an object as a fixed Zpos mark or boundary,' 
says Lennep, i.e. To take a mark with the eye. As 
from Templum is Con-templor. (2) R. 5p«, or Sp», (as 
in *Optido» and Hortor,) to ri»se or lift up i.e. the eye. 
* Attollere oculos' is in Ovid and Propertius. So in the 
Psalms : ' I will lift up mine eyes unto the Heavens.' 
Compare BAcVw, to see, from fBAev, to cast the eyes 
on. (3) * Hebr. raah, to see : ' Mrt. 

*0p6iK\aT0Vf the Lat. orbiculdtum, 

'Opyd^oif to batter, beat, soften. — R. IjP7«d, '^opyUf 
hpya : To work well. See *E6py7}. 

"Opyavop, an instrument, tool, machine :— instrument 
of music, organ, — R. l/yyw, 6pya : By which we work. 

'OpyhSf dJUoSf ' a fertile spot of land, esp. meadow- 
land, partially wooded ; — a rich tract of land sacred to 
the gods; — adj. teeming, fruitful, of women:' Ldd. — 
R opryduj to teem, to be fruitful. 

'OpyoMj to feel an ardent tendency to, a desire or 
passion for ; from dpeyu, opeyofjLou, Hence of trees, to 
burst with a kind of eagerness, swell and teem with 
vegetative power, become fruitfol. Or stretch out. 

'OpTc^v, One who performed sacrifices, *- a priest. 
— R. t/>7», lop7o, to sacrifice. So Facio is to sacri- 

*Op7^, impulse, temperament, temper ; — violent 
passion, anger. — R. opiyoficUf to desire. Aristotle de- 
fines it Spe^is furh \{nnis. (2) R. 6pw, hpxa: That 
which excites. 

'Op7(a, the orgies of Bacchus, from the furious trans- 
ports of the worshippers. — Above. (2) R. ^p7», ^op7*'» 
as Lat. facio, to sacrifice. 

*Opryi(Wf to make angry : opyfi. 

*'Op7wio, *0p6yvia, the length of the outstretched arm, 

— measure of length. — R. 6p4yu, ipayoj ^ipoyvut. 
*Op4ywj ^OpeyvvfUj to stretch out in a line ; — hence 

reach out, offer, give; — reach to, desire to obtain, 
'OpeyofjLui; — reach to, obtain. — In comparing *OPdhs, 
straight, and "OP/itos and *OPnadhs, a row or series, we 
easily see how 'OPeyw is to make straight or put out in 
a straight line. Comp. dpHFn, r/wHrn, if/EFn. (2) 
Germ, reck-en, to stretch. (3) * Hebr. oreg^ to stretch 
out:' Wr. * Chald. areg, desidero : ' Mrt. 

*'0p6{t;, appetite. — R. opeyofjuaij ^oficuj to desire. 

*Op€2rs, a mule for the 6pos mountain. 

'OpetJw, to watch, guard. — R. dpea>, du^ to see to. 

*Op€x0cw, to lie panting, heaving, stretching oneself 
as in the agonies of death ; — of the sea, stretch itself, 
rolling to the beach.— R. opiywj opexOv^' Some under- 
stood it formerly as = ^oxOiw. 

*Op6hi, "OpBioSy erect, high, steep; — lifted up, loud, 

— straight up, upright, — straight on, right. — R. 
tpp«, 6p07iu: orior. 

*Opdovtiaif to succeed: i.e. go right on, or direct, re- 
gulate things well. — Above. 

"OpOpos, dawn of day. — R, fop», SpBriv: orior ^orttu 
solis. , 

'Opiyvdofutif = 6p4yoiJLat, 
» *Opliw, to divide, limit, bound, define, settle, ordain, * 
decree. — R. Spoy. 

*OPINAH2, bread made of "OPiifa, rice. Perhaps 
they are allied. ? 

'Oplvw, 6pvvfUf to raise, rouse, from f^pw, orior. As 
''A7«, *Ayiy4w. 

"OplOV^ sss Bpos, 

*OpKdinif * = ipKdtrri, tpKOSj enclosure, fence;— • net, 
trao:' Ldd. 

OpKos,*'OpKioVy an oath, allied to *Epfcos: for an 
"OpKos is an "EpKos fence or security to engagements. 
See the next and the last. 

'OpKovpoSy * = kpKovpos : tpKos and ZpKOS being 
orig. synon. :' Ldd. 

'OpfiaBhsj''Opnos, a row, chain, string as of beads.-<- 
AUied to^Ep^a, the same, from €p«, SerOj to join, Series^ 
pf. cp/ioi, ZpfMi. So Etpfjths is a train. 

'Opfuxitfu^ 'Op/i(i», to excite, set in motion, rouse; — 
turn over, ponder in the mind. So 'Op/x^, excitement, 
impulse, passion, &C.—R. fSpw, Zpfjuu, dpw, to rouse, 
and Lat. hortor. 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 



'OpjLuA, a fishing-line : allied to 'OpfiaOhs and "Op/Aos, 
a string, chain. 

"Opfios : in 'Opfiadds. — Also, a roadstead, anchorage, 
haven, place of shelter or refuge, * from fp/nai, pf. of €fp», 
to join, as the other *'Opfios : as it is nothing but a place 
where ships are fastened :' Ldd. 'Moored by cables:' 
Dnn. So^Opfios is also a cable. O, as tpEpw^ ^Opros. 

"Opfios is also a dance performed in a ring. — See in 

"Opws, lOoSy 'Opveou, a bird ; — spec, a cock or hen. 

— * Prob. from f5p«, Bpvvfii {ortor):' Ldd. As rising 
in the air. 

"Opvvfu, to excite, stir up, rouse : from "fHpoa : orioTj 
ortus, &c So 'Opivw, 

"OpoSoSf a chick-pea. — Mrt. perh. rightly from 4p4- 
iTTM, to eat, fyfSoVj 6po€a. 

*Op6^aixvo5, "OpafxuoSt ranaUf a bough. — R. 8p», 
orior, as rising or springing up, growing. Scheide con- 
siders -HafjLVos a termination. Much as ^i^eAANOS. 
Comp.^OPTrr;!. (3) Lenn. seems to suppose it a pom- 
pous word, ' subdued on the mountams': 5por, HafxvdM. 

*Opo6vvu^ like *OplvWj "Opvvfit. 

''Opofuuy to watch: referred by Ldd. to 6pdw: but 
perh. is the middle of f 5p» : To rouse oneself. 

"Opos, €oy, a mountain : from t^P«» whence orior, to 

"Opoy, OlpoSf a bound. O^poi, 'marking stones, 
bearing inscriptions. And stone slabs set up on mort- 
gaged property : ' Ldd. — Lenn. allies it to ipos^ a moun- 
tain : and Scheide to 6p» or 5p<u, as anything BISIN6 
high, as a mountain, &c. Aspirate, as in 'Op/xa^. 
(a) R. dpoa. That is, as far as you can see, as 6 6p(f«v, 
the horizon, is the line bounding the view. So Te'Aos 
(from fr^w, t€(v«,) is as far as you can stretch out, the 
furthest extent Some say, as vm'ftfe boundary marks. 
(3) R. ohphs, a trench or channel, then a bound generally. 

'Opbs, *0^^3j, serum of blood, whey of milk. — Prob. 
from 0, ficw, ^», as^O-rAos from rXAxa, rKS> : Of a liquid, 
fluid nature, running matter, (a) * Separated from 
the coagulum by an action signified by 5p«, to raise : * 
E. Valpy. (3) * The form Ovphs is found in Nicander, 
which may indicate a relation to Olpov, urine ;' Ldd. 

*'Opos, "O/J^os, * the end of the os sacrum on which 
the Ohph tail of beasts arid birds is set ; — of man, the 
space between the anus and the AtSoia ; — gen. the tail, 
rump. Akin to Owp<£:' Ldd. Or to "Opoy, a bound. 

- 'Opot(o>, to rush, hasten ; gen. to rise, as (wiw, 5po- 
/lOi. — R. f5p<y, hplvw :* Ldd. 

"Opoipos, reeds used for thatching houses : B. ipttpWj 
opo<pa. Also a roof. 

"Oprnj^, "Opirr;^, a sapling, young shoot or tree : — a 
goad, lance, made of such. — * Usu. deriv. from '\opu), 
for opdrrr}^ [somewhat as iropIlH,] : — ace. to others 
from apmjj so that the orig. notion would be a point or 
Bpike: Lat. urpex, a harrow:* Ldd. '"OPirj;! and 
*OPoBufivos both from f op« :' Schneid. 

*Op^6s : in *Op6s. 

*0^/^5€w from of^os above and h4o5 fear: from 
dropping the tail as dogs : i. e. to fear. But Passow 
* from the sound, as Lat. horreo, horridus.' *Ap^(oS4w 
also is found. So 'Oaroucds and *A<rTaM6s. (2) ' Hebr. 
rod, to tremble :* Wr. 

*Op(r6\oiroSf * eager for the fray, tempestuous, of 
Mars. — Said to be derived from ^opw, (^P<»"«,) and Ao- 
vhsy \6p05 : Bristling the mane ; but prob. only a poetic 
form from ^pffw, and so sometimes written *Op<T6rro\os, 
and 'Opcroiro\e6u, to provoke, assault :' Ldd.— **Operw : 
to raise the \OTrhs peel or skin with a whip ; gen. to 
afflict, vex, provoke :* Dr. Jones. 

*OpToAts, *OpTdXixoSy the young of any animal ; 
chick. — Ldd. allies it to "OPyis, and so to ^opto^ 6pTau, 
as springing up in the nest. 'OproAf^w, ' to begin to 
have feathers, to begin to grow and RISE,* Nugent. 

•QPTA, the gut, — guts or intestines chopped up into 
mince as sausages. — Q. as connected with "Opos the 
end of the os sacrum ? For the Gut is * the long pipe 
reaching from the stomach to the vent*, (Dr. J.). 

"OPTZA, orgza, rice. — Q. ? 

'Opvfxay^s, loud noise, din, rattling, confused inarti- 
culate sounds.— R op^ofMi in Steph., fremo, as *Clpv<o. 
The r is inserted for sound, as it is merely a poetic 
word, (a) B. bpolfcoy to rush. 

"Opvl, a pickaxe or sharp tool for digging. And an 
antelope, from its sharp- pointed horns. R. opifftroD, ^m. 
And so probably "Opv^, a great fish, ace. Spvya, LaL 
orca, ore or ork. * 

•Opt5(rer«, |«, to dig, dig up. — From ^pi5a), fopvo, to 
draw (up). (2) Ldd. allies it to *Apda'aw, to break 
(the sod). As "AKpts and "OKpis, &c. 

'Op(pavhSf left orphan, bereft : — op<^os. 

"Opipyt], darkness. — B. ip4<l>(Uy tpo^a, (^p<^,) to 
cover, (a) * Hebr. oreft, night :' Wr. 

*Op^hs, bereft, orphan. — * Akin to "Op^i^, darkness, 
*Op<puhs, black :' Dnn. That is, from 4p4^a, opotfm, to 
cover. From the gloominess of desolation. See partic. 
in *AxA^f. (2) ^Ay-epfivajxai was to snatch up and 
carry oflF: 4p4nr€o was to feed on. These appear allied : 
suppose ip4irof or 4p4irrco to snatch away, perf. fyf^xij 
6po^a'. then 6p<f>hs, bpipaiv6s, (3) Scheide allies it to 
•APn<ff«, "APnwa, "APn??. So "Aicpos and "O/cpis, 
"Ayw and "07/105, "PcfKOi and ''O7K0y, &c 

"Opxo/xos, * first of an 6pxos row, file-leader:' Ldd. 
— Or ^x^i t^X«/"»*» as "At®, *Oyfi6s : "AKpoSj 

*OpxAy, *Opxw, a kind of olive from its 6pxi5 shape. 

*Opx4oiMij to dance : 'Opx^«, to make to leap. "Op- 
Xn^rpa, part of a theatre on which the chorus danced, 
orchestra. — R. 6pxos : A row of dancers, (a) The 
sense of leaping agrees better with the usual deriv. from 
fopw, t^P«o> orior. — Or even fop^w, f^^P^X"* *o stretch 
out (hands and feet). 

"Opxis, testiculus : — an orchis, from the form of its 
root, comm. called fool-stones. ' It has a remarkable 
resemblance to the scrotum of animals:' £nc. Br. — 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



'« Some Etym. from opeyon' Dnn., i.e. 6p4yofuu, to de- 
sire : perf. act. ^p6X«« So *OpydWf * tumeo cupidine, 
special, venerea :' (Dnn.). 

"Opxos/Opxo-ToSy ' a row of trees, place planted with 
such rows, orchard, Milton's orchat, g:arden :' Ldd. — 
—Allied to "Opdhs, straight ; 'Op/tios, 'Opfutdhs, a row. 
(a) * Hebr. orekj to arrange :* Wr. 

•fOpu, opffiOf to stir up, excite, rouse. — ^Allied to AXpu, 
*Aelpv, to raise, Y^p^, *Ept5«, to draw, (a) * Chald. 
aar, to excite ;' Mrt. * Hebr. or, to raise :' Wr. 

*Oy, who, which. See in *0. 

*0$, his : short from *E<Jj. — K. I, ace, as 'Eiui, *E/«J?. 

"Ocrioj, hallowed and sanctioned by the laws of God 
or nature, of God or man : — pious to the gods, devout, 
and so thought to be from o, and (Tihs Lacon. for 6^65 : 
= f 6|«J-inoy, god-like, godly. See SfSuXAo. 5 and 8, 
as our loveS, loveTH. *U^ koL Saia is the property 
of gods and men, sacred and profane. (2) R. few, 
€ffou, whence *E«^, to let be, let alone and free for 
religious purposes. (See *l€p(Js.) f *E<noj, *Oir«os, as 
^EpfJLa,''Optw5 ; &c. — Wr. from fiC«» to stand in awe of. 
As "AKpoSy "OKpis. (3) 'Syr. chasi^ sanctus :' Mrt. 

'Oaiiiwy to make holy, hallow, purify, consecrate.^ 

*0(r/i^^, smell, odor, oSfiii. — R. iJf«, 6<rfiau, to smell. 

*'0(roy,*Oer<Tos, how great, how much or many. — R. 
ts, redupl. into 8ir-o$, like Lat. quis-quis, quot-quot, 
&c., and means * who-soever, what-soever,' &c As^Oo-- 
(rai vvKTts Tc koIX rifxepou tlaly Whatsoever nights and 
days there are, i.e. how many soever. 

"Oinrpioy, pulse, vegetables. — As. from r\du is"©- 
-tAos, so from (netipw tffirapov to sow is f "O-OTrcipto*', 
"O-tnrpiov : Any common sowing or seed. 

"Ocro-a, a warning or prophetic voice, from haffoyucu, 
to forebode : — any voice, report, rumour, — sound. 

'0(r«r€, the two eyes, for 5(r(r6C,as M^Aee, McAe, — from 

"Offffofxau, ' an older form of "f^Oirrofioi, oif'o/iCK, as 
neao-tf of UtTTToa : To see, look on ; — see in spirit, in 
my mind's eye, presage, forebode :* Ldd. See "Onroficu, 

*0<rr4oyj a bone. — *R. ferrciw, XarrrifAi:* Dnn., i.e. 
f o-rcw, f (TTcUtf, to stand firm, with O prefix. * So the 
Arabians called a bone from its compact and hard 
nature :* Scheide. Compare "Aarv, 'Aareos. 

"Oo-Tis, whosoever, whatsoever: — i.e. ^$ and ris: 
Any one who it may be. 

"Oa-rKiy^/Affrhtyi, a curled flame, flash, spark : — 
a curled lock of hair, bunch of grapes, tuft of flowers. — 
For^OrAi^l, (as 2 in ^^rpvxos, 8a2irA)?y, o^vs,) 
from 0, T€AA«, freAAryl, TAl7|,.i.e. aya-rcAAw, to 
spring up. Thus 'OffrcupU and 'Aor. for ^to^Is. 
(2) Lenn. from (rroAei^u, as we say To drop in curls. 
For oo"TAAi7| is found, but a * snspecta vox*. (3) Greg, 
from cJiut aZarat, a^oroAeor, burnt, warped. As 
cAUda, cOda : cAUdex, cOdex. 

"OffTptucov, hard shell of snails, muscles, tortoises, 
eggs; — allied to *0(rriov, bone, and ''Otrrpcov, oyster. 
Also tile or potsherd, earthen vessel, voting-tablet, &c. 

"OoTpeoi'jan oyster: — purple from it.— Frorn'Oerrfoi', 
or allied to it. (2) R. o, (rrepebv, firm. 

•'OSTPIMON, a stable. — Schneider from "Ocrrpov, 
"Oarptov, But ? — Very rare and out of the way. 

*0<rTpvaj "Otrrpvs, » a tree with very hard wood, like 
the horn-beam :' Ldd. — Allied to ^Ocrriov, "Oarpeov, 

'OfftppcdtfOfuUf fOff^peofjuu, to smell, scent: 'Off^pal- 
yw, to make to smell. — All say, allied to "O^Wf *oifiii, 
Perh. ^6a'<f>piu = fo(r/Lio-^op€», foa^op^ck), to convey 
an odon Or even for 6-^p4ofuu, (as in oX<l>vs,\ simpJy 
from ^pectf, to carry (an odor) with it. 

'Oa^bSf g. oatpifos, as l2xo»'» for 6<f>hs, oipvhsy from 
0, <p{w, to produce : O, as in "OtAos. The loin, as In- 
guen from flngeno, Ingenui. So, * of the fruit r9js 
6a<pvos cdnov of his loins,' Acts 2. 30. ' He was yet 
iy rg 6<r<pm in the loins of his father,' Heb. 7. 10. See 

"Oo-xi?, "OffxoSf a sucker, shoot, branch. As ^^xov, 
from lx», oxa: Adhering to the trunk. Also the 
scrotum, corpori adhaerens. Dnn. says : ' A branch of 
vine with grapes ; espec. the scrotum'. 

"Ore, Trfre, 'when,' 'then.'— For ^-t€, r^-rf : Quo 
tempore, eo tempore, XP^^V' * What time as . . . .', Ps. 

"Or/, "Ot', Lat. uti, ut, that.— *Orig. the neut of 
ttrris : i. e. hih rovro 5 Ti, ZC 8 rt, hence often written 
[8 TI or] 8, Ti :' Dnn, 

"Or*, why ; — ^because. — I.e. 8t* 8 xi, Proptereh quod, 
Propter quod. 

"OtAos, labor, suffering : 0, f tA<£«, tA«, to endure : 
Much enduring. 

"Oto^os, "Otto^oj, loud wild noise, din of battle, 
rattling of chariots, sound of the flute. — *From the. 
sound,' say Ldd., Dnn., and Lenn. (2) OrKwasdropt. 
For K<$TTa§os, the cottabus^ or Sicilian game, Passow; 
mentions another form "Otto^os * allied to "OttoSos.' 

'Ototo?, 'OttotoT, ToTOi, exclam. of pain and grief, — 
from the sound, as "OroSos. (Dnn.) 

*OroT^foi>, to wail, cry ototo*. 

*OTpd\€0Sj ^Orpriphs, quick, nimble, ready Allied 

through frpduy t'^P^^? to 

'Orpvywy to push on, as trttdo^ stir up, excite. 
* TrudOj push, urge, move forward :' Ridd. — ' Perh. from 
TptW*: Lenn. With prefix. As trudo is used above. 
Tp^w is 'to molest, vex,' Dnn: also 'to bore a hole, 
perforate': and ^Orpvvw is 'to spur, goad', (Ldd.) 
Compare the Latin Fodio, Fodioo. 

'Ottci^/luu, = oaffofiaiy Unofuu, 

"Oms, sight : Above. 

Ov, OuK, Oux, Ouxi, (as Nol No«xi,) not, no. — Ohtt 
is prob. from 06 y, o\fy\ as from vvv yc, yvvy* is nunC, 
from 8-7€, 87*, is hoC. So ES 7*. And Oh seems no- 
thing but the imperat. of f8», fof«, o^crw, i.e. foe, take 
it away, like 'Air-a7e, Apage. 'Airo-ir€/*iro/*ai 6^tv, 
Eur. Hec. 72. Compare "Apyiofxcu. (2) From ouk, 
a natural sound of avession. 

Digitized by 




OS, where: gen. of U, 'which/ Lat. qua, where. 
Prop. oZ (tJitov). The gen. resembles the Lat. gen. in 
Domt, Militiae, Hami. 

Owi, vahf an exclam. of astonishment and horror. — 
I suppose from the natoral sonnd: TFAoA/— >* Hebr. 

OvaJ. I in *Od. 

OSay, 05r, f Oaj,'Xly, oikeros, onhsy the ear. 'Aft<^- 
•«&97s, having two ears or handles. — Many from &», 
&tw, to liear. From &u, says Damm, is f &of, oaSj odas. 
The Laconic is Ah. (a) From the obsol. f o«, ^oX», 
to carry: Into which soonds are carried. Plautns: 
* Neque id immiUo in awres meas:' * Ne auires immittaa 
tnas.' So ' Nescit vox musa reverti,' i. e. missa in aures. 

OTrriA, OtfyKiOf *Oy Kia, unciay an ounce. * From the 
Latin,' says Steph. That is, ufstca, tmcia. ' A Sicilian 
word,' says Pollux. * Arab. ukia\ Turton. * Irish imaa\ 
Lluyd. Says Scaliger : * As from kvls is OvyKia, mcia, 
60 from v4o5 is NoiyKioSy nuncku* But how is this? 

Odhas, fO?8oy, theground, earth, pavement, floor.— 
Dnn. compares *E5o$, * a seat, basis, foundation.* The 
f OS80S is a'ESoy. So ''ESa^s is the ground or pave- 
ment. R. €(w, Uov, 85a. So *08bs, Obids. 

OvSbs, a way, 6^65, 

Oi/BhSf a threshold, oUs, 

OdOap, gen. oUBaTOS] the udder, breast : — fertility. — 
For oOapy (as 6pos, oTpoj,) HdaroSy from 0, ^c(«, reOarai, 
to 'suckle: like *0'k4KKw. — A? as ^8AP. Compare 
Oinda, (Z) Germ, uder^ our udder, Sanskr. vdar, 

OifKi in Ou. 

O^Aa, the gums. — As being oZXa soft 

OuAoI: in 'OAa(. 

O^Ao/i^s, a crowd, troop, band. — ^R. o^Aos, in a mass. 
In form, a8''OpxaiJios. 

ObK^y a wound healed, scar: from oZXoSj whole or 

OJAos, for^OAos, whole, as^Opos, Odpos. 

OJAoj, OtfAfof, pernicious. — K. f oAew, f oAw, to 
destroy: as *0\o6s, 

OJAos, curled, — rolled, round, in a mass, thick. — B. 
rfAw, foAa, oAo, to roll. 

02ao$, woolly, downy, soft. From the senses above. 
(2) Allied to our wool. 

OZXoSy a sheaf of com, as rolled or bound round by an 
*£AA€5av^f band. — Above. 

Od\oSf a song in honor of Ceres who was hence called 
OwA«i; and'IovAw, 'the goddess of sheaves,' Ldd. — Above. 

OJAos, *of full force, able, substantial; — said of 
sound, continuous, incessant:' Ldd.— -From the sense 
of WHOLE: 5Aos, 

0(^A», I am o^Aos whole or sound. 

Ody, therefore. — R. ibv^ odv^ it being so. * Qusb 
chm \ik sint.' 

OSvCKOy sr oZ &6Ka. 

OHiriyyos, a hymn to 

057ris,*'Oirts,''nTtf, Diana:— also a companion of 
hers. — R. €ir«, Hva: As attendinff to women in child- 

birth. (2) From her retributive character, as the same 
with Nemesis. See "Oirts. 

Ovpk, a tail. — Lenn. from oZpoSt UpoSy a limit, end. 

(2) Schneid. allies it to "Opos/O^f^os. 

Olfpavhsy Heaven. — R. odpos, a boundary. (2) R. 
6p&j to see: As far as we see: or the visible Heavens. 

(3) R. t^p« : Raised up, as Heaven is Heaved. (4) 
* Chald. ora, light :' Mrt 

Ovplaxos, the ovpk hindmost part, butt-end.. 

OdpoVy urina, urine. Oup4u, to make water. Ovp^- 
dpo, urethra. — 'Either from ophs, whey: or ophs^ 
tp^os'J Dnn. Both seem improbable. (2) Ovpewmay 
be for *0/>c(tf, (as "Opos, Odpos,) from o, ^€w, to (make 
to) flow. See Oi/Tdu. 

OZpos, OZpov, the same as*'O/)0$, bound. 

OZpos, a watcher, guard. — R. &pSo, to see, see to. 
(2) R. ipuii An impeller, leader, director. 

OlpoSf a fair wind: from f^/w, as exciting, impelling 
the sails and ship. So Ohpi(f»y to waft on one's way: 
O^pioSt said of a good or prosperous voyiige. (2) 
Viger from ohp^ the tail, in a ship the poop, as Fr. le 
vent eapoupe, Virgil: Surgens h.pu]^ ventns. 

OZpoSj a mountain, 6pos. And a wild-bull, torus, 
perh. from its mountain life. 

ObpbSf a trench or channel for hauling up ships ashore, 
and launching them again. — R. ipyofuuj ^Spua, to 
launch ships. (2) Kdpw: By which a ship is im- 
pelled into tbe water. 


Obala, that by which we are, essence, matter ; — 
that which is or belongs to us, property. — R. ^i^, oSo-a, 
being. So Uap-ovaia. 

Oindofft -rj/At, -d(oi, to hit, wound. — For foT<£o>, from 
o, frcUif, fr^, revw, tendo^ to aim a dart, as 'Opiyca is 
to aim a blow at. The T disappears in 'AretA^, a 
wound. O, as '0-k6AA». 

Oinihavhsy being 06 ri nothing, powerless, worthless. 
As 'EAAcSov^s, 'Piythcaf6s. 

05tos, A0TT7, ToDto, this: = 6 aurhSf ^ avrj^, t6 
airrS: * The same.' 

O&ro;, O0TO0S, in this manner.— -Old dat. sing, and 
plur. of O^Toy. 

Ovx* for OvK before Aspirate. 

'0(^6AA(v, to increase, multiply, augment,—- augment 
the resources of, help, serve : and "O^cAos, advantage, 
help, service, kind office. 'Xl^cAew, to assist. — Thiersch 
mentions * fcAActv' as connected with ' €i\4w to roll.' 
Hence o-f^AAw, 6<p4?iX(o. Ldd. makes EtXKta to 'crowd 
thickly together:' hence to increase, &c. — This more 
right than viewing f*E^^AA« an independent verb 
fE<f)4W(o, t^^eAAa, as *AirciA^», 'HwcfAovi', &c 
(2) Hemsterh. fancifully speaks of a verb ^6<fxiy 
' whence 6^€(A», o<^^AAw.' Allied to Sifrra, to join, 
Sjcpa, hfpAu, &c. O, as "Ayot and "Oyfws. We 
find in Isaiah, * Woe unto them that join house to house.* 
Here is the idea of ' adding to, increasing.' (3) * Germ. 
voUJuU: with 0:' Thiersch. 

Digitized by L:rOOQl6 



*0^cAAa;, ^OtptiXw, f'O^Aew, *0(^\urKdiWf I owe: I 
ought. Also, I wish that, Le. how <mght it to be so! — 
Perhaps, as above, to increase, multiplj (expenses), and 
so get into debt. — Or thus : Ewing says; *XpdofJuUf I 
have for my ctfe, I borrow, receive for we.' And so 
Xptos is a debt, Xp^(<»f to lend. No wonder then, if 
to *0^€\os, utUUiff is allied *0^€(\a), *0<p4w<o, to bor- 
row, owe. Ol* to "O^cXof, kind service. 

*O0^AA«, to sweep, i.e. 'increase, heapnp together,' 
Ldd. — Above. 

"OfptXrpov^ a broom. — Above. 

*O<p0aXft65, an eye. — R fSm-ofxeu, S<f>Orivi By which 
we see. 

*0<plcunsj a bald pUoeonthe head, of serpentine form. 
'— From 

"O^iSf a serpent, snake. — As Apdxwv from $^pfcofuu, 
80 "Otpis from f ^wro/uat, f o^ act. : from its power of 
sight. Pkh. says : * A serpent's eye was a Proverb 
among the Greeks and Romans.' (2) Todd compares 
our cjf, ^, evet. * Hebr. epha^ a viper :' Dahler. 

"O^if , a serpent-like bracelet; — a creeping plant, 
' serpens.' — Above. 

'O^AurK(£y» : in *O^ctAe0. 

''0^pe^ with a view to, to the end that, in order that ; 
up to the point that, until, while. — Mrt. from 2s. O 
much as in •Ot€, for*^ (jXP^^V)* Then *PA? For 
^ph nent pi. adv. Thus "O^ppa is, to v)hai pcnnt hear- 
ing: T^pa, to that point bearing. As Qao-versum, 
Quorsum. (a) R •fivrofiaif pf. act. JJ^, whence "Otpts: 
With a VIEW to. 

*0<f>phst ios, the eyebrow, — brow of a hill. — 'Sanskr. 
6Aru, Pers. abru, our brow:' Ldd. (2) R ^a, cSira, 
the eye, and ^^^, ^(tofuu, ipitofuu^ to guard : The eye- 
guarder. I.e. oir~^{fos, 

"Oxo, and "E^-oxa, eminently, by far. — R Ixw, 
oxo, i^-4x»t to hold oneself out from or among. 

"Ox^oy^ handle of a shield. — R lx»f ^X^ to hold. 

•Oxea, =i ox^>, a cave. 

*Ox«Tbr, a conduit, canal, water-pipe: from oxcv: as 
carrying water forward. So *Ox€T-ij7b5 is conducting 
water by a canal : from Hyu which oxcctf means. 

'Ox^^s, anything for holding or fastening, band, strap, 
clasp, bolt — B. (x^y 6x<h ^ Homer has * ^x^ej ilx^v 
the gates.' 

*Oxe^, de equo equam ascendente. Vide 'Ox^». 
*■ To cause to be covered: ' Ewing. 

'Ox^», as "Ex^^, (^X« pf- ™-) *o ^<>1<^> support, bear^ 
endure,— carry, — let another ride on one. 

'Ox^, support, sustenance : from lx*^» to hold, sus- 
tain. — Also a cave, like *Ox€tei : which may be called 
from simply holding, containing. Others compare XcitL 

^OxOWy ' prop, to be heavy-hden, bdt only used met. 
to be heavy or big with anger or grief, vexed in spirit, 
heavy at heart Prob. from &xBo5: and is to'Ax^ofuu 
as^'Oy fJLOi to''A7(», &c.:' Ldd. (a) * From 5x^: The 
mind rismg and swelling with passion : ' Steph. 

"0x^1 Ox^os, the bank of a river or of a dyke, any 
rising ground, — R ifx«» ^X^" <>' ^X^"* = ^l-^X"» 
to stand out, project: oras icar-^x^i to keep off, close in. 

'OxAcirs, a lever, bar, bolt. — R Ix". ^X^ or ^X*»> 
6x»i to support, lift up (loads). So 'Ox^^s is a bolt. 

'OxA€<5a>, 'OxA^few, to move with an ©x^*^* J^yer, 
move a great weight. 

"OxAof , a throng, crowd, multitude : — tumult. 
' iEol. oKxos, Cret. ir^Axor, volgus, tmlgusj Germ, volkf 
our /ott:' Ldd. — R *x«A"««» *X«» to hold together: as 
:Svy-cx^s, closely crowded. 

"OXAMi, as "ExMO) & hold, band, and 

*OxM^C»t as*ExMC<'t to bear, support; — bind fast, 
gripe. — Rlx».*Xa- 

''Oxos, anything which lx« holds, as a harbor ; or 
which oxe< carries, as a ship, a carriage. , 

•Oxvpis, as *Exwp^s, finn, strong, secure. — R fxw, 
ox*, to hold. 

*Oif^, g. ^bj, a voice. — R lirw, ^iro, to speak. 

*0«|', g. MSf the eye. — R f otto/wu, Sira, f ifiro, 
to see. 

'Oi^i, late, at length, late in the day, &c — B. 
eirofMtf to follow, eyltat or 8)|^a(, as O in "Oi^ov : So as 
not to keep up, but to follow behind. ' Akin to ^Otrltrw :' 

'O^FIANOS \i0o5, *a black stone, peA. a kind of 
agate, obsidian, Pliny's Lapis Obndianm or Obsianus:* 
Ldd. Found in Ethiopia, says Pliny, by one Obsidius,? 

"Chlfis, sight. — B. jSm-ofxatj 6^0^01, 

*'O^0Vy * boiled meat, opp. to bread, from v^w, (5)|^a,) 
to boil: — then anything eaten with bread, as a relish, 
— seasoning, — dainties, — fish, the chief dainty of the 
Athenians, — the fish-market:' Ldd. 

'O^diVtoVy obsonium, provisions, esp. supplies for an 
army, pay in the shape of provisions. — Above.^ 


tno7^«,fn^7«,n^w/ii,to fasten,fix,make fast, firm 
or stiff: Lat. (^pago,)paNgOj (pagtuSj)pactus, com-pactus, 
compact : to pack close: so lLeu.Um.pack. — From the obs. 
fn-oM, ftrdiroKa, irc(f«, f ?rf«, vUCu, to press close, f'rtJw, 
wKfhSj &c. Compare nouro-oAos, Ilaxt^^. See f IIAfl. 

114717, na7ls, that fixes or holds fast, a noose, trap, 
net. — Above. So Utjkt^ is a net or cage for birds, 
from irimiicTai. Dnn. says of IIt/kt^, 'Composed of 
pieces put together,' i.e. fast, tight. See on naKT<&y. 

UdyoSf compact or soUd icci hard frost; — salt,— 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



thick scum, — membrane. — R. '\vayw: so Udxmriy 
also from its compactness. 

ndyosy a mountain peak, — a hill — 'A firm-set 
rock: R. 'Hiyvvfjui* Ldd. 

ndyovpos, ' a kind of crab, from tira7w, as having a 
solid coat; or ftraya, ovpbk^ hard-tail, shell- tail:' Ldd. 
Some call it pungar. 

UdyxVf i.e. frd^x^t (<u trdTKoKov is iroN-iraAov,) 
from rrav* altogether, entirely. 

f Iladcw, fn^tfw, fneV^w, fllev^w, fllefdw, Tidffx^, 
to experience snch and such feelings, feel towards an- 
other, am affected by anything good or bad, am treated 
well or ill, suffer ill. TlaBos^ feeling, suffering. — ' From 
fircVOw,' says Matthiae, * is ir4iro<r0€ for ir€ir6<rdaTtj but 
others for ir€ir6vri(r0€, or indeed from firdw'. * From 
w6co*: — indeed we recognize among these verbs not only 
f iTiJctf, but ^irdUfiirdfhiv^ f ircirouca, f^coy, "fvelw. Thus of 
ToKal-irwpos says Hemsterh. : ' Tlwpos is contr. from 
ndopos from firdu whence fircCdw, fn^fla.' These seem 
to proceed from firaw, vdofmi^ to tastej to have tastes 
or feelings towards, to feel towards or on account of, as 
Dr. Johnson explains To taste ' to feel, have perception 
of.' So ' Ettnp iytv(raa-6t if yon have tasted that the 
Lord is gracious* (N. T.,) ^experti estis\ says Schleusner, 
who states it to be a common expression, as Te^eadcu 
v6v(av, inSx^^vi to taste of suffering. 

UaBiKhsy a patkic^ i.e. • passive' from * potior* — 
Qui patitur^ non agit. — Above. 

nat^v, Tlai-fiaVf Tlou^y, Pcean^ the physician of the 
gods : — a physician, gen. deliverer, savior ; — a pcBan^ 
choral song to Apollo the healer ; — triumphant song. — 
* The Schol. Aristoph. from iratw [rather vdto^ dtpa- 
wcuu : good, if such could be proved to be a true sense. 
Bos assents, and there is some reason for it, for among 
the ancient Greeks f irci« or firalw [as Vldu, Malofxai,'] 
existed, whence pasco^paviy i.e. euro, and so, sano. — 
Much better this than the Gramm. deriv. from the words 
of Apollo's mother Latona calling out to him to destroy 
the serpent Python, "U itaioa/^ jSclXAe irtudv : traiw 
meaning to strike. — Better than this is the deriv. from 
vaina, to make to cease i.e. diseases, &c:' Hemsterh. 
So Lenn. from * trdoo, euro.' Allied to f B<$w, B<$o-ic(v, 
and Iloi/i^v. See licus. 

Ilouyfxa, a pky, sport. — R. iroffw, vdircuyfiau 

Tloubeia, the education irouSbs of a child. 

Ual(a), to play as a vaus child. Zech. S. 5. We say, 

TlaliraXa, places rugged and steep. — R. ir(£AA», re- 
dupl. iratir({A\a> (as Mdu, Vlaifiduf^ ira(iraA», to shake : 
Shaking, jolting. So 

Ilanra\6eiSf craggy, mgged.^Above, 

naivdXri, redupl. of Trd^r). 

noTy, g. xaiihs, a boy, giri. — * R. firciw, euro:' Lenn . 
*R. irao/xai, nutrio:' Mrt. See in Ilaidv. 

Uaiipdaaa), • to look wildly, stare about, am mad ; — 
run wildly about, rush, quiver :' So Ldd., who reduph- 
catas it from tf>dMf'\<pda(n»f7rQu<l>dffaooj — allied to ^dos 

the eye. — Grove says, from wa/«, ^>dos: To strike with 
the eye, dart a glance or look quickly. 

nalw, to strike, beat. — ' R. iraw,' say well Dnn., Mrt., 
Lenn. See the obsolete fircia), to press firm : allied to 
f nayctf, n^M, and to Maa>, Mdatrw^ to squeeze, knead. 
Some compare f BgUd, Btid^u, to make to go on. 

ncuw, some consider to mean, to eat, taste, like noo/xai. 

Uauliv: in Ilatelv. — IIAIAN meant also, the foot 
called a PoBon^ ~ v^ w v^, v^ - w v^, v^ v^ - w, or v^ w v^ -. 
But whence, Q. ? 

noKTcJctf, to make fast or close. — R. wa7€«, ifirdyo), 
fw^iroKTot, irfiyw, Lat. com-jDOC^tM. 

nawTcl;f, a boat which admitted of being taken to 
pieces.^' As made of sticks and pieces of wood fastened 
and compacted together:' Salmas. — Above. 

naA.(i^97, * a ball, cake : a cluster of dried figs pressed 
together : ' Ewing. -* Prob. allied to IldEAXa, a ball. So 

nd\aij formerly, of old, long ago. — Allied to IlaAiv, 

noAou^, to abrogate as iraXatbv old, Lat. antlqno. 

Ila\aurr^, the same as na\dfirit palm of the hand ; 

— a palm, four fingers' breadth. 

UaKdixri, D. trdKofiOj palma, the palm of the hand : 

— art, contrivance. ^ R. irdAAw, itoAm. By which 
weapons are brandished and hurled. (2) Jones and 
Wr. from irdKr) : ' The instrument of wrestling.* 

UaXofjuxuoSt whose irdXafjuu hands are defiled with 
another's blood ; — also the avenger of such. 

UaKdaiov, = iraXddiov, dimin. of xa\d$ri, 

na\da(ru, to draw vdXous lots. 

UaXdffaay to scatter, besprinkle, moisten ; — stain, 
defile. — Prop, to throw irtUiyv fine dust over anything. 
(2) Ldd. from vdXXu : To sprinkle by shaking or 
swinging about. 

IloXcutf, to decoy, or catch by decoy-birds : — gen. to 
ensnare. — Some say, prop, to decoy by sprinkling wd 
Xrif fiour to catch birds. — But Ldd. allies it to Tlahaiw^ 
ndKattrfia 'a bout in wrestling, — a struggle, — a trick 
or artifice.' 

nd\Ti, finest bieal or flour, as well vaXXoiUvri shaken 
or sifted. — R vdkKu, va\w. 

UdXrij wrestling, * from ir<iAXw, to swing round:' Ldd. 
So IlaAa^ctf, to wrestle ; Hakalarpa, palcutra, wresUing 

IIoAfa, the feast after the wedding-day. — R. irtiXt, 
rd\iv : A repetition, Lat. re-potium. 

UdXiyj ui\if back, back again, again, on the con- 
trary. — Valck. from ira\Aci>, traXu, to shake backwards 
and forwards. Hoogev. makes it an accus.: * retrogrado 

TloKlta^tSy a pursuit in turn. — R. iraXi, t»^is=. <a»- 
X^s and thought ^ dlo^is. 

UdWOf a ball for playing with. — * R. irdXKw :' Dnn. 
and Wr. 

UaWdSioVj image of Pallas or Minerva. 

noAAd/ti}, a concubine, as also 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



n(£AXa|, aicoSf a youth ; — ^a maiden ; mostly a concu- 
bine. — R. irciAXw, as prop, one who can brandish a spear : 
like 'OTrX6T€pos. * From the vigor enjoyed in youth :' 
Riemer.— * R. irdXTi C Mrt. (a) *Hebr. piUegesch, pel- 
lex:' Dahler. 

TlaWhsy Minerva. — R. vd\\a>, as being warlike and 
brandishing the spear. — But Hemsterh. supposes it pro- 
perly to mean a maiden unmarried, (see IlaAAol,) which 
was the characteristic of Minerva. 

UdWUj to shake, toss, brandish, wield, whirl ; — midd. 
to quiver, leap, bound. — Allied to BdWtD, to throw, i.e. 
backwards and forwards. So 'Pfirrw, to throw; *Piirrd- 
(w, to fling to and fro. Allied also to Ilafw, to beat, 

Tld\firty a shield, — R. ir<iAA.«, irciroA/iat. 

noA/Libs, palpitation : Above. 

nAAMT2, a Indian word for king. — ^Very rare. 

nc(A.os, the lot shaken and thrown from a helmet; 
one*8 lot. — R. vdWUf voXm. * 

noXT^v, a brandished spear. — R. ireCWw, ireiroATot. 

noAvvw, to sprinkle, smear :=:iraA.d<r(ra>. 

UafiOj property. •~- R. vdofxcu. 

Udfiirau, altogether. — Ilay vuy, as Upoirphf Lat. quis- 
quis, French * bon bon,* our * so so.* 

no/xir^5?jy, entirely. — R. Vray, Wo/iou, fir^Sijv, as 
BddriVy 2Tci577V. I.e. the whole property, as 

Ilc^imiala : Above. 

na/x<l>aivWf to shine brightly. — Redupl. from t^alvw, 
i.e. ira<paiv(o, iraM^a/vcD, as \aM€dvfo : To appear 
clearly and visibly. (2) R. frajf-tpaiva : vwy entirely. 

nafupa\dcOf to look around, esp. in fear. — R. vav, 
^aJ7 the eyes. 

Uoa/^f\4T€ioSf * devouring the sentiments of Pande- 
Utus, noted for his litigious and slanderous writings :' 

HANAOTPA, a musical instrument with three strings, 
pandure and bandure which is found in the Catalogue 
of Charles I.'s collections. * The pandore and the 
theorbo strike :' Drayton. — Q. ? 

Ilafcta, festival of Pan : — also joamc fears, a panic, 
from Party as Polyaenus tells us. So rh naviK6p. 

nANEMOS, HANHMOS, one of the Corinthian and 
Macedonian months. Some make it July. If so, perh. 
from vavy ^yuap : When it's all day, and no night. 

ndifdripj a panther. — • Perh. vay, dijp : altogether 
ferocious :' Dnn. 

UdvyvxoSj all night.^R. vap^ vv^ fvux^J == wict6s. 

Uayhsj pamsy bread. — R. f ir^, jpa«co, pavL See in 

Tiaifhsy for ^ca'6s, 

Uavroios, of trdtnuy all kinds. So *AA\o7os. 

Udwy entirely. — R. vav. 

na|, hush I still 1 — enough ! So Pax ! in Flautus 
and Terence. ' IldQu in Hesych. is IlaiW. From the 
Lacon. ir<i{ou for icavtrou comes 11^, be quiet, hush :' 

^Udoyucu, to taste, to eat : — to possess : in AUdxa. 

naira?, exclam. of surprise, as Lat. PaptB in Terence. 
Also of delight, even of dissatisfaction, and sorrow. — 
Bp. Blomf. makes it the plur. of vdrras : Ye fathers, 
ye gods ! Dnn. allies it to H&koi, Compare BaBai. 

nairatal, * a stronger expr. thaii Ilan-ou, of distress or 
vexation, impatience, delight :* Dnn. 

• TiawdQuy to call any one itdinras papa, 

Xlairiras, papa, , father, * mostly voc. irt^mra, as "Air- 
To, 'Air^)^, "Atto, TeTTot. Formed to imitate the first 
sounds of children :' Dnn. * Chald. ahba :' Mrt., as in 
Rom. viii. 15. 

noTTiros, * a grand-father : metaph. the down on the 
cheek, — the down ou the seeds of thistles, &c. :' Dnn. 
— ^Above. 

Xlairra/vw, to look round about carefully or timidly. 
— For Ttajf'Onraivfo from t^wrro^t. Tidvun vavraiv^ 
ovrif Hom. • Passim oculos per cuncta ferenti :' Virg. 
(2) R. irT(£«, irr^o-crw, firrolyatf, Trairro/vw. 

XiaicraXdMy = trawraivoa. 

nAnTP02, the Egyptian papyrw, of which paper 
was made. 

nAPA, nhp, napol, by the side of, alongside of, as in 
par-alkl straight lines : — from the side of, from beside, 
aside. In things put side by side or compared, some are 
like ; others unlike and contrary to each other. Hence 
Tlap^ is * contrary to,' as in para-dox, contrary to ex- 
pectation. So Ilap^ is either on this side, or beyond it. 
— ' Bonar allies it to par, parts. The Fr. parer un 
cap, to double a cape, is to leave it on one side : to parry 
a blow, is to turn it aside :' Dnnb. 

nAPAAElSOS, a garden, park. Paradise,^* Pers. 
pardes ;' Mrt. 

Uapd-KOiros, * struck falsely, prop, of money, counter- 
feit, from Kdm-o), Metaph. mad :' Ldd. * Prop, of a 
harper, beating out of time :' Bp. Blomfl So Uapa- 
valo) is to go mad. 

nAPA5ArrH2, a Persian land-measure. 

napd<mpoiy white iropa along the side. This word 
seems now generally read Hapd-aTjfws from aiifM. 

UapdalToSf a parasite, flatterer, eating alroy food 
vaph beside another, at other persons* tables. 

UapioKhs, wet. — ^Voss. and Ldd. for &p8air3s from lipSco 
to water. Say 4ir-aphaK6s. 'Dnn. irapap8a#cos. (2) 
R. TTfipco, ir^aprat, to pierce, run through : Penetrated 
with water, or Permeated. A as aya-(payA6v: And so 

ndpdosy Trop8oA,w, a pas'dy leopard. — I think from 
TTflpu), triirapTai, to pierce, as being pierced with spots, 
as to Distinguish (from Stinguo) is from a^tCm, ttmyoVy 

• to puncture, mark, spot\ (Dnn.). I.e. vftrapfifvo?. 
So Pkh. from Hebr. PRD^ to divide, * from its distinct 
marks.' See above. 

Ilapct^ Uofyntsy Xlap^tov, the cheek. — R. vaph, by 
the side of : As being by either side of the face. 

IIAPEIAS, -6as, a reddish- brown snake. — 'Supposed 
to be called from having inflated vap€tiis cheeks : or 
from its raising its cheek and face, creeping with its 
t hinder part alone:' Forcell? ? 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Uap-fjoposy either * hanging beside,' from iifipu, Ifopaj 
as M€T€»po5 ; or * joined beside,' from eljow, l^opa^ ^opa^ 
to join : Said of a horse drawing by the side of the 
regalar pair, ' lying along, sprawling, hence helpless : 
and beside oneself, mad :' Ldd. 

HapBivos, a maiden, virgin. — * R. Tap>&€», irapa- 
hnvai^ to lay np, set apart : alluding to their retired 
life in the East, and among the ancient Greeks :' Pkh. 
(2) * As she irap-^c? runs still by her mother's side :' 
Mrt. (3) Scheide a irefpw, itrdpOrivi Penetrabilis, 
quippe quffi sit wpaia. 

ndpioSf of Parian marble. 

UdpfjLn, ' the Latin Parma .*' Dnn. 

Hd^oidc, = vdpos, 

UapoifjUOf *A proverb, saw, common saying; from 
irdp-oifAos, at the road-side:' Ldd. — B. otfiri. 

UapoifuoKhsj a parcBmiac, a line completing a system 
of Anap«sts,as well fitted for a proverbial saying, — Above. 

UdpoSj before. — * Akin to Uapd:^ Dnn. 

Udpoxoif one who furnished necessaries on the public 
account to travellers. — B irap-ex«, »«fp-0XS ^old out, 

Uctfilirifflaf for Uav.prja-la, liberty of speaking every- 
thing; — freedom. — B. irw, ^<«, /^o-», to speak. So 
iraN(rv8I]7, vdXffv^irf, 

Uapiovy a pinnace, light ship. — ^ The Schol. Axistoph. 
from the isle of Paroai Steph. 

Tlap(&aSj Tlapuos: Id Uapeias, 

Has, Ilaffa, IIoi', all, every. — As *'Airo^ is derived 
by Pott from o, ^vdyu, ^vd^ty iriiyvvfii, ' close and 
joined together,* (as Ilox^s,) so "fUa^, that is tna7J or 
nSs. So Cunctus is Con-junctus. Compare *'OAos. 
(2) ' Rehr.paschf a multitude:' Mrt 

ncunrcCXi}, = iroiiraA??. Dnn. from tSs, vdXri. 
Better, irdXri, ■\ravd\rif then 2 as in $a3irA^s, fid^rpv- 

UdffaaXos, Udffaa^^A peg to fix anything on, from 
•^rdcrffw, ^wi\a<T(a^ w^i«, to fix: — a pin or bolt to fix 
by: — *■ from the likeness of the form of a peg, a gag; 
the fall of a mouse-trap ; a wooden peg or pin for boring ; 
a sucker or cutting for planting:' Ldd. Compare 
frioy^w, tn^7«, nax^s. 

Tldffffos ohos, the Lah possum, raisin wine. Pando, 
pansum, possum, to stretch out, dry. 

Hdffaw, to sprinkle, strew, powder ; — sprinkle with 
embroidery. — Short for Uikaaafa, (2) £wing says, 
* Also Doric for II^o-o-w, to fix in.' The sense of ' em- 
broider' seems to agree with this: then to addon in 
any way. A as vhtraaiKos, 

Hdaaav. Hax^s^ trda-troov, as Pa£hs, ^dxrauv, 

liajorrhs, a porch in front of the house; — a hall next 
to the porch; — chamber, nuptial chamber. — As having 
the walls wrought with'embroidery, •nturrds, from itdcraw, 
(2) Passow makes it s= irapa-^rhs, ad-stans, adjoining. 

UturrbSf bridal chamber; — chapel or shrine of a god. 
— Above. 


HAZSXA, the Eebrew passover. — * Hebr. pasach, to 
pass over:' Mrt. 

Udax^' in 'fllaBia. 

ndraryos, a clatter: Tardffaw, 

Uardini, patina, a hollow dish, platter. — * R. t6T(£«, 
to lay open:' Mrt. Tnmsp. firarea, as in LaL pateo, 
patuhis. Thus fil<rrTAij and fiTarWri, /xItTAos and 

Uofrda-au, « to strike, beat, hit,|>a^, palpitate, throb:' 
Grove. To patter, Ewing adds. Beat, batter, Fr. 
battre, and their northern affinities, are mentioned. Mrt. 
from Tartw: at least allied to it And all from ^vdto, 
f ireiroTm, f iroryca, "firfiyeo, f ir£w, irid(w, inc^», to press 
tight (2) B. 'ffidu, ^$4€aTai, fii€dCa: To make to 

Uartofuu, to taste, feed on, eat, Xldonau 

IIoT^w, to tread, tread on, walk : Tldros, a path. — 
B. firciw, vid^oa, in4(c0, to press close: — or even ^fidt»; 
to go. See Ilardffaa. 

IToT^p, pater, a father, — * Prop, a nourisher, from 
firdo), f ireiroTot, pasco, pavi, [see in Ilau^i',] to feed, 
nourish': Lenn. Allied to ^B6w, B6aK(», Uoifi^y, &c. 
Thus Eurip. in Ion : t6v ^gkovto, for father. (2) 
Our word father, * The northern languages give fader, 
voder, fater. Persian jxicfor;' Todd. fVtoro Sanskr. 

lidrvTi^ = (pdrinti. 

Tldros, a path, — R. variw. 

UdTpa, Uarpih, TiarpXs, &c. fatherland, lineage, &c 
as Patria, — B. trwriip. 

Tidrpav, the Lat. patronus, 

UdrpmSf paternal uncle, patruus, — R, rrariip, varp6s. 

IlavAa, a resting-point — And 

Uavpos, small in number or size.— B. ira^: Having 
stops or intervals, * few and far between.' (2) See in 

Uaico, to make to cease, to stop. — Ua{K» and ITa^w 
(in Hesych.) are allied to f na7ca>, THryu, TLda-a-aXoSy 
Uarem, UaxifS, &c. and mean to keep fast or tight, 
hold back, * premo, reprimo,' repress. So Premo for 
Be-primo. * Vestigia pressit', Virg. *Dolorem rex 
pressit,' Curt — In form as AotJ», Ya(W. (2) * Hebr. 
peak, a comer, end :* Mrt. ? 

Ila^AcCfw, to bubble, froth : — storm, bluster. — * B. 
4)A(£f«:' Dnn. 

ndxyVy congealed dew, congealed blood. — B. »oxi»J, 
firax^*^: Compact. 

Ilaxi's, thick, coarse, fat; i.e. closely packed, com- 
pact, from •firdryWf f irnraxes IfviiraKTai, voktSu, fHfy- 

fndw: 'Uhrofiai, to acquire, possess. Compare 
UareofMi: though Passow considers them as difierent 
Hemst and Valck. assign both of them to firdoo, to feed, 
fodder, pasture; then vdofiai, to feed, graze, and keep 
cattle for one's own use: from this, to possess, the earliest 
sort of property being cattle: — to enjoy possession, to 
eat: — in aid of this deriv. compare LaI, pasco, [pow,]:* 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Dnn. The sense of feeding may be seen in B^, 
* to staff np, to fill quite fall', (Dnn.)- And with 
this sense of firiia), to feed, and to taste, must be com- 
pared f B({o», B<(o'K00, BoT(£i<77, and TUa,, Ilo/a, TVohk^v. 
— In the sense of taJikng \XliM should be compared 
rather with McEo-irctf through M(ifi», and Mocr^/uu, to 
chew. And it is thus allied to the verbs which follow. 
(2) < Hebr. peA, the mouth :' Mrt. 

■friAn. tnEn, fnm, fnon, tnrn, (as Vcw, v««, 

H^iw, y<$w, Yv»,) to press clobe, or press firm : allied to 
f McCm, Mdo-trw, to BtdiC««t Bi^, Muw, nid^v, Ilte'^w, &c. 
Hence are t^aTw, Xl^vu/iu, Ilax^f, Xlar^a, Ila^, 
n^C^, n«8ov, ntyoy, n^of , noSs, nvxy^r, n»fia (lid), 
nuA.77, &C. — Compare too 'Iir($o», to press upon. 

n^8a, £ol. for Mrrd n and M, as onr Polly, Molly; 
Peggy, Meggy. A and T, as Aou&i, Tseda. 

IlcSay^lowonthe irc8oy ground, low,as Hami,Hmnilis. 

n«8(ip(rior, b /icr-dpo'iof. — See IleSa. 

neSiU, to bind ir^8a<s with fetters. See the next. 

nc8(Aov, a sandal, and II^Si}, a fetter, — from the old 
f iris, j-ircd^y, ^m«, /Tecfu, a foot, allied to irots, rcMi, 
So Fetter is Feeter. 

n^oi', IlfStoi/, the ground, land, plain. — As trodden 
by the peff, pedit^ f^^i whence Ilcfa, the foot, and 
ncfiic^j, * on foot or by LAND,' Ldd. See TlillKov, 

n^fo, the foot, pea: — a fringe or border; — like Ilcfioy, 
used of a country, region; — and a net, where it is allied 
perh. to nc5i7 or IlcSiitf.— See IIcSiAov. 

ne^s, on foot. — Above. 

nciop: the same as IlTap. 

nc<0», to induce, persuade, make to give credit to or 
believe. Ilcfdofuu, to give credit to, believe, trust, obey. 
— ' From the old firtv, fire(M:' Lenn. Whence IltcC^w, 
Hiiiwy to press closely. See flldUtf. So ttjO^u, i^0». 
See ncMT^Ao. (2) Allied to fB^A), Bctojucu: To make 
to go. (3) *" Hebr. piUahy to persuade:* MrU 

nc(ff»: the same as IIcicv. 

ncira, hanger. — * K. ire>«: ' Dnn. And n<v»7s, poor. 

ncijpa, attempt, trial, experiment, Lat. fj>eru>r, ««- 
-perior, — *K. weipu, to pass, traverse, perform a 
journey:' Dnn. So JHratea are Ilf iparat. Allied to 
Tltpdu, *U} hazard, risk' (Dnn.). So we have ^/i- 

Ufiphy a point, edge. — B. vtipu, to pierce. 

Tleipapf n4pas, the furthest point, end. ' Le. as far 
as yon can pass:' Hemst. From ircfp», to pass. So 
lleipap is 'that which finishes, and hence a goldsmith's 
tools are Tltlpara finishers of art. Utlpara ytUnSf the 
ends of tlie earth: irctpara, ends of ropes, knotted 
ropes:' Ldd. 

IlflpwSt * A wicker-basket which held the load of a 
cart, the body tied on the carriage : ' Ldd. : * a case in 
which things are conveyed in a chariot:' Dnn. — R. 
wflpw, to journey: A travelling-case. (2) Some from 
weipM: as placed at the extremity of the carriage. 

nc(/w, to pierce, pass through: — cut my way, pass 
through, journey.— From t»^»» t'''*^ iric'fw, to press 

firmly, as said of nails, studs, &c. As f^^cw, *0^(pu; 
If da, Ya/pw, so Tltlpw, (2) Allied to fBcw, Bci'o/iai, 
to make to go or pass i.e. through. (3) B. vkpa^ or 
iripas, (4) Allied to Lat. PER, through. 

ncura, persuasion. — R. ireftfw, <r». 

newTAto, a rope, cable, fig-stalk. — Valck. thinks that 
nc(0« meant orig. to bind, (See in iKtfoy,) and then to 
oblige, compel, urge, persuade: and that from ircircurfiac 
Ilcur/ia meant a rope to bind with. Ldd. considers it 
metaphorical: *That which holds in obedience.' Thus 
vtlfffM is also * persuasion/ 

neiaofioij fuU of irderx^, through xaBS, -firc(0w. See 

U^KcOf Ueiicu, to card wool, — comb; — to shear, and 
U€kt4<o, ricKTw, pecto, whence Pecten, a comb.— UtiKw 
and Ueipw seem allied; i.e. ircdcM is to pass through, 
with a comb, scraper, &c. Compare too Ui4(oo. 

UfXayoSf the sea, open sea, peloffus, — As TkvarfoSy 
TKdyos. From ireA^s, dark, livid. Thus we find /icA.av 
38«/), /*€Aas v6vro5, (2) Hebr. paJach^ disseca As 
Horace : ' Quiimedius liquor SeoemU Enropen ab Afro.* 

IIcAi^tv, IIcAcitfw, ncXiof, to make to come itiXas 

HiKotvoSj a half-liquid mixture of oil, or honey, or 
clotted blood, — mixture to the gods of meal, honey and 
oil. Lennep allies this as a cake to Lat. planm^ plains 
flat, level, and the EtymoL M. from irAar^f : but the E? 
Yet compare vEK^epov. But bett«r from ircA^y, black, 
dark, as WAai'os is used with the epithets ipvdpbSf 
olfMrripSs, In form like obpASOX Ldd. accounts 
for niKcufos being used by Nicander for an *0€oXhSf for 
that * perhaps the Ilf Aavot came to be made up into 
round cakes when offered.' 

Uthapyduj to admonish. — * Prob. firom the caution 
of HeAo^oi storks, which set a watch, like rooks, to 
warn the rest of coming danger:* Ldd. 

ne?Mpyhf, the stork. — All say from ircA^r, ^VT^f* 
firom its having black atd white feathers ; The black, 
white. -^'Sometimes for IleAoMry^f (Pekugian, of the 
Pekugio race): prob. from the notion that the IIcAacryol 
meant a roving tribe,and so were the same with IIcAapyoi, 
storks being birds of passage:' Ldd. 

n^Aos, near. — * The Etym. M. explains II^A* by 
'rpotr-eyyifu, to come near: hence then let XIcAm be:' 
Greg. * Akin to IIcAofuu, IIcAw:' Dnn. Seen better in 
noXeofuu, to go about in, dwell in, as Lat versor, con- 
versor inter j apud, i.e. among, by, near. 

IlthdrriSf a neighbor: R. ircAos. And one who comes 
near for protection, a client, &c 

IIcAc^s, 2ircAc0os, * human excrement R. mikSs:' 
Dnn. Like Mey t$os. Compare KEMs^'EXya, 7r\E$pov, 

ndktOpov, used by the Poets for nxiBpov, and sup. 
posed to be an extended form. But see n\4$pov, 

IIcAcio, wood-pigeon, ring-dove, firom its dusky color, 
'bhick color,* Ldd., * blueish color,' Dnn. R. ircAds. 
* Said also of the prophetic priestesses, prob. from the 
prophetic pigeons of Dudona:' Ldd« 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



neXcfc^y, the wood-pecker, and a water-bird of the 
pelican kind. Jones calls it *• the AXE-bird, with a 
. bill capable of ecooplng trees/ R. veXcicvs. 

ncAcKivos, * a water-bird of the pelican kiodV Ldd.: 
* the pelican or some species of bittern : ' Dnn. Also * a 
plant, axe-fitch, axe- wort:' Grove. Seeabore. And 'a 
ppecies of joiners' work, from the form : Lat secuncnla, 
( r>m securis,) swallow's-tail : * Steph. — R. wcAckws. 

ne\€ici;j, a hatchet, axe; ncAcfcrfw, to hew with it: 

— derived by some from Hebr. pUeg or palacht to divide. 

— But Dnn. makes it 'akin to ncAc/u^M, noAcv, 
niAA.M.' Thus Virgil: * Quatiens Tai-peia »cfirim.' 
IIcXEKvs in form somewhat as 6KE,Kw, There is also 
n^Av(, an axe. See TliXw, 

^ n€A€AtiC«, like IIcUAw, IIoAm, to shake, swing, qnakc. 
£ as in tEAtjj; Kwra-irEKrns; rl^Mfu&y^ jSAAAcn, 
/SEAos; KEAv<^or; /SSEAAo. See HeAw. 

ncAiSvbs, IltAt^s, = ireA^j. 

ncAAa, a skin, hide. — As Mop^)^, Forma, so Xcwlj 
(a skin) became firf\\s and t^AAo and Lat. pdlitj much 
as Xorrhs became <t*oKls, See ^cAAof 1. 

ncAAa, IIcAAAj, DcAAlt, n«Afici7, IIcAiT, n^Ai|. a 
bowl, basin, cup. Allied to IleAAo above. So *Aitk6s 
is * a wine-«Jkin, and a boUle made of goatW^n'.* Dnn. 
Who observes of IIcAAa that it is * the skin considered 
as a vessel containing the intestines : lAt.peUii,^ (2) 
Our pailj Span, paila. 

ncAAcurr^, a leathern bandage worn bjronners next 
the foot and ankle. — R. ir^AAo, a skin. 

n^A/4o, OTos, the sole of the foot: — any extremity. 
— < R. T^A^o, the end : Emesti : ' Dnn. Thus nivffvpes 
for Tktraap^s, aTldSiov for oTdStoy^ XlTpm into Aflljpa, 
liBra. (2) For WA/ia, from w^8oi^, the ground, as 
Solum and Solea, the sole. A, as in Aaff4os and 
Adffios'y AdKpvfiOj Lacryma; oAvfffftbs, nLysses, &c. 
(3) An old deriv. was from ir«Adv: the sole being rf»f^ 
from its treading on the ground. (*) As Tap<r6s is 
both the palm of the hand nd the sole of the foot, 
TlaKd^M, the palm of the hand, might be the sole of the 
foot, contr.into n<£A/ua, n^A/io; E, as wEAtij, wEAc/i/fw, 
grEssus. But the gendere vary. ? 

UeXoSy n«AAoy, U4\toSj IIcActos, ncAiSy^f, black, 
dark, ash-colored, livid. — As A^Koi, luPus, the same 
as fKeAdi, Kthaivhsj K^Acos. (2) A dialectic variety 
of Mc'Aay, black; as MerA, n^8o; JMMftTO, Jnnoro; 
our Molly, Polly; Meggy, Peggy. (3) R. wfAciA, a dove, 
from its color : but the converse is generally supported. 

n^ATT}, 'a small light shield; — a shaft, pole. R. 
iroAAw, [ir^woAToi,] : Dnn. For ndXrii, as grAdior, 
grEssus. So KaTcMrEATTj*. See in vEKtfiiCa, IliAras 
TrdAAovo-i, Eurip. 

IleAw, n^Ao^t, f nAd/AW, to move or be in motion : 
U6\oi, the^o7e« on which the world turns. Also, as Lat. 
Versor from Verto: thus, Age and death ^ir* tufOpdmoun 
irrAoKxai, versantur inter homines, attend upon or 
simply are among men: and so ncA», UiKofMi are often 
' to be.' — Allied to niAAM, ncAe/it^w, to shake to and 

fro, change position, as Verto^ Verso, Versor, Conrersor, 
Gr. (TTpu^fML See UoXevu, IIoA^, &c. 

U4K»py a monster, prodigy. — Dnn. says, * Akin to, or 
from v4a«, venio, ventito.' The idea is a hobgoblin or 
monstrous being HAUNTING a person. * Foul spiriis 
haunt my resting place:' Fairfax. In form as f^'EAw, 
*'EA»/). — Mrt. says: 'RwcAw, verto, as our Wunder 
(Wonder) from Wenden (to Wind).' (2) Pefe, Hebr., 
is, mirabile. 

U€\wpUy the giant-muscle. — ^Above. 

n4fjLfMj dressed food, esp. pastiy, cakes. — R. wc'irrw, 

fltpardivj to reckon on the v^/iiw€ five fingers, count 
by fives ; — count. 

n^/i*ire, five.— -R. w^ktc, w^nrc, Tc/iwc. As Tivaapts 
and Tliffcvpes, 

IltfAweKos^ very old. — Dnn. for f^ireAoy (as 
TiiMirewov,) from ircirTw, ir«r«, to ripen : Fully ripe. 
(2) Some say: Ready to be conveyed (by Orcus): 

UifJLirroSf fifth.— R. wc/iirr. 

n^/iXT77, a sti^eet in a camp for market, as Lat 
* quint&na.'-^—Above. 

n^/iww, to send, send forward, convey, accompany as 
in a procession called (from itewofora) wojuw^, pompa, 
a splendid show. — As rMvaatov and ircMircAof : — for 
f ircTw, and this from the obs. fircw, (as tpilln^ ^Acllw,) 
allied to fiSco;, $tlofMif $iid(u, to make to go on. 
Compare A4Mnn, otEMBXI, ftEM*ofiat. (2) Or from 
t^^, fffw, »»f f«, /8/a, /3t(iC«. See Tltdov, ne^o, &c 

nc>^i{, Ile/i^if, no/i<^f, tlofju^^v^ a vapor, ray, 
pustule, bubble; — departed soul, a mere breath. — R. 
frifXKfUy w^e/i^, < like 'AtfOr-iriixirWj to send up,' Ldd. 
Or 'Eic-ir^/iWM : What bodies send up or out Something 
emitted. (2) Dnn. compares BofiShs^ Bofi€v\ts. 

UtveamSt a laborer, servant. — R. 7r4vofiai, (2) 
Ldd. from Penestia on the borders of Macedonia : A 
Thessalian serf. 

UdPTISy poor R TTWOfMl, 

Xlcydcpby, a father-in-law: brother-in-law: son-in-law. 
— As K»j5€(rT^f from infios, so lUvBtpbs from frivBos : 
Taking U4v9os as n^or, from itdurx» * to have a feeling 
for.' (2) Ldd. ' from Sanscr. bandhu^ relation, bandh 
to join, our bond, bind.' 

niydosj sufiering, misfortune, grief, sorrow. — IIcEftys, 
n4v0oSj as BdBoSf BeVdos. 

U4yofiai, and perhaps n^i'w, to work for one's daily 
food, toil ; — am poor and needy ; — work at, get ready. — 
2vc<y is mentioned by Ldd., and ncfN-awcty, jto be buisy 
about Now, as -f^doo, •\*4vUy f rii or fr^W, r4yo9, so 
might be f Siro^w, f Sir^yo/uot, then U4vo/uUf as Sreyw 
and Te^os, Tego ; Xpiy and *iy ; * Kdvvros for :Ud- 
ir€Tos*, Ldd. 

n^i^e, five.—' Nature, says Goguet, has provided us 
with an arithmetic instrument, our fingera. These were 
used to assist in mensuration. May we not then derive 
with Mrt. v4tfTt from wavrcf, as eqnal to ALL the 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



fingers on either hand ?^ Pkh. Thus :S is lost in Lat. 
quatuor, i.e. from ^oL icirope for KeropfX E, as 
grAdior, grEssus ; irAAXw, irEX-ny. (a) R. raicoj ird- 
Travvrau, : as they stopped at the fifth finger in counting. 

rieoy, penis. — * Compara [antiq. f'ris, pes, et] vovs 
k f ir^ :* Lenn. Ut affine sit t# firim, irtc^a nt irEfa, 
&c. Nota com-preuisse Ter. Hec. 5. 3. 30. Minim 
est qnbd Euripides similiter nsurpet iuTKov rhy wpoB- 
Xoyra IIOAA, Med. 677. Sic et est UoSet&y, 

TlfvcUva^ to make mellow or ripe. — B, ir^irrw, 
ireirw, whence UtTwVf ripe. 

neiraperv, to show, manifest : an uncertain word, 
adopted by Boeckh in Find. P. 2. 57. If genuine, from 
irtijha, as ircirop/icvos, pierced, i.e. opened, laid bare. 

— Boeckh allies pareo, appareo, 
nixtiposj mellow, soft. — Allied to vtwaiyw. 
TIEIIEPI, pepper, — * The Persians to this day say 

6i6er;' New Steph. 

n«rXoj, a cloak, robe ; — sheet, veil, hanging. — ^* For 
f ireiff A.OS, from viXxa, verso : [or iroX^w, f w^iroAoj, »c- 
wAos,] i.e, in-volucrum [from in-volvo] :' Lenn. The 
Et. M. says : Ttpi-icoK6s ris Av, d irepl rhv tpopovvra 
ir€pi~v€K6fifyos iral u\o6ft€voSy rolled round the wearer. 

n«Vw/[ioi, *to"^have breath or soul, [Compare "Aye^of, 
Anima and Animus ; and Spiro and Spirit,] met. am 
wise, prudent From iri^ew, d/xiry^, &c. Tlfvvvfiwos 
in later Prose, ^ivi^ koI ireiryv^eVos, to live and breathe :' 

ncirrw, n^TT«, niatrcoj to boil, cook, digest, soften : 

— cherish, cherish in the mind, brood over; — nurse, 
heal; — digest an afiront. — Dnn. has **E4>-«r», to 
follow, to attend to, pursue an occupation.' And again, 
♦ *Eireir«, to follow, Ion. for *E(^«r«.' Now thin *EirAr« 
or *x6ir« is our n^irrM, for Dnn. says again, * Hiv^ipos, 
from fweirctf, TriwrvJ In Uiirru understand rrvpl ; ' to 
be busily engaged over the fire,* to cook, boil, &c. Or 
to boil, as said of the fire II. a, 348, irvp jS/x^EOE. 

neirpa>fJL4vriy ^, what is fated, ireK(parofi4pri, (Z) 
Schneid. from v6pw. ? 

IleiTtfy, as Ileireipor, ripe, mellow, soft, tender, gentle : 
— * in a good sense, as a term of endearment ; — in a bad 
sense, soft, weak.— 'Xl vrhropfs^ Horn., Ye weaklings :' 

Ilcirctfv, a pompion, pumpkin. — As soft: Above. 

Hep, entirely, altogether, thoroughly, throughly. 
ndma flUirep A.«7cc, All things soever which he says. 
He went to Cyrus jj-wep ^p, just exactly as he was. 
Tydldes faced the enemy ain6s xtp iitP^ being quite 
alone, altogether alone as he was, though entirely alone. 
*0\iyoy ir6/>,ever so little, though very little. — *R. v4pw :' 
Dnn. I.e. irc/pu, ircpw. And so Hoogeveen, who ex- 
plains it * penetrando*, * peniths.* (Z) * R. ircpi-, valde :' 

Tl4paf UipaVj quite through or over, across, beyond. 

Tlepaivw, to bring or carry vtpa through or across, 
complete, finish ; — extend, reach. — Allied to 

UtpaSj the end : in ITc^ap. 

H^pdWf to pass through or across, pass beyond or sur- 
pass ; — penetrate, pierce, reach. — R. ircipw, Ttpu, 

nepaa;, f IlpfiJw, IhTpdcKoffj UfpvritUy to sell, to pass 
or carry goods over the sea for sale, as UtpdM above is 
to pass. 

Utpyatiriv^, parchment, as made at Pergamos in 

n4pyafu>Vf * a citadel, that of Troy. — Akin to n6pyos. 
From it BSpyri m Thrace, and Utpyri in Pamphylia. 
The Germ. Philol. note the aflSnity of the old Teutonic 
Ptsrgt and the more modem Bergh, whence Burgh, 
Borough :* Dnn, So Edin-6ttr^A, St. Peter*s-6w^. 

IIcpSw, ^/uoi, to break wind. — R. Trelpw, irepw, to 
pass (out). So fUXAa, &pAa, lAAo/iox. 

Tlfpea, nope4af, to ravage, destroy.— -Buttm. allies it 
to np^6«, ^nfipBta, to bum. (a) * The Etym. M. from 
frfpi'd4aff [irc/7(0w, irepBw,'] from plunderers and be- 
siegers running round a city. — I prefer it from vc/k^w, 
vtpQ, transeo, pervSdo:' Greg. Or irefpw, f^ir^pOi/j/, to 
pierce through, i. e., penetrate with fiame or sword. 

Ilepl, round, round about ; — about, concerning, in 
regard to. — Bonar well for w4parrt, -at. In the boundary 
or limit all round, as the *Opl(up horizon or bounding 
line goes all round us and about us. * In the utmost 
limits :* Lenn. And see n4pa, 

Ufplf over, beyond, more than othera, as Ilcpa. So 
Ilepi-, very : allied to Ilcpdw, IIcpM, to pass : Sur- 
passingly. Above. 

n(/7c-, negligently. For he who throws his eyes or 
mind on all things vepl about him has an unsteady, un- 
fixed attention. 

Ilepiiapls, * a kind of woman's shoe [partic. of maid- 
servants]. — R. wepl, fiapis, a canoe :' Dnn. From its 
shape, as it seems. 

Ilepil, the same as lit pi. 
Iltpurahst which is irepl over and above. 
Ueptartphj a dove, pigeon. — *■ For Utpiatrortpa : as 
very abundant or producing abundantly :* Bos. ' So 
quick their increase, that in 4 years 14,760 pigeons 
may come from a single paur :* Enc. Br. 

Utpuiaios, * prob. Ion. for Ufpi-oia-tos from irtpi-iay, 
(ircpi-ovo-a) : immense, vast :' Ldd. Ilepl, beyond, sur- 
passingly: -ovo'tos as in Xlap-ovala, 

U4pinit ' a river fish so called from its dusky color, 
the perch, perca .*' Ldd. The Encycl. Brit, speaks of 
its * BLACK bands as very conspicuous,' and this was 
probably the exact cause of the name : from 

n4pKos, UtpKuhs, dark-col(Hred, dark, dusky: Ufp-> 
icd(<»y to tum black as fruit, and met. of young men 
' whose beard begins to darken their faces :' Ldd. So 
UfpKpbs, a black hawk or eagle. — Mrt. from trtpii-KAof, 
to burn round : rather w€pt.#co^j, (irepicTJy,) quite burnt. 
(a) * Marked with black spots or streaks', Steph. says ^ 
from Ttiipa, n4ir€pKa, to pierce; — and so spot, hke 
:iri(co. See IldpSos. (3) Compare Fr.percer, our pierce 
Tlepvoj a ham : in n€p6vri. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



nipniiu I in lltpAot 2. I 

Tl€p6tnii a clasp, buckle, as piercing through, from ' 
irtlpa, ircfw, to pierce, as Figo, Figibiila, Fibula: — 
a pin for twisting ropes,— linchpin, — the small bone of 
the arm or leg, (n4pya above being therefore allied by 
Ldd. to ncp&i},} : a sea-fish, ' because like a pin in 
shape :' Ldd. 

n^pirepos, talking absurdly. Tain-glorious. — ^Bedupl. 
of IIcpl whence ntptaahs, or of IIcpo, over and above. 
Iltpl irepl, for animation, as in Fr. bon-bon. (2) 
Mrt. from it^pt^pofxat, to be harried away, be led a- 
stray. (3) Tldpmpos is no doubt allied to Lat. per- 
peram, rashly, wrongly. Schleusn. derives the Greek 
word from the Latin. But whence then that ? 

IIEPPA, a barbarous word for the sun in Lycophron. 

IIEP2EA, the peach tree, Pertian apple And an 

Egyptian tree, ' fructn noxio in PerndCj' says Pliny. 

TltpaiKhs, Persian : * hence eu' Ilc^ucal, thin shoes 
or slippers : Utpauchs 6puis, the common cock [others 
say, the peacock,] : rh nc/jo-tirby, the peach, malum 
Persicum : al ncpo-iKol, Persian nuts, walnuts :' Ldd. 
Ilipvai, in the past year. — Ldd. and Dnn. from ire- 
pasj an exid. The year last ended. Grove : * Perhaps 
from irtpduj to pass.* 

-fUfffito, fnercfitf, fllT^o^, fllerw, fniWrw, TliirrUj 
•fUtriUf fllr^, to fall — *■ From the sense of hovering 
over in Uerofuu, 'ivTOfuu, we may trace its afiSnity to 
n4r»j to fall : the action of birds in expanding the 
wings in descending from flight is imitated by persons 
falling, who spread the hands to break the fall :' Dnn. 
(2) Allied seem Lat ez-peto, im-peto, to fall or light 
upon. Virgirs * Submissi petitmus terram ' may be add- 
ed. And so fir^w may be allied to f /Btttm, (as kfupur- 
./3i7TC0,) in Plautus beto, bito, to go towards, and spec, 
here in a downward sense. 
UitrrifjM, a fall. — Above. 
Tlta-KoSj a hide, skin, prop, a fleece, = irdKOS. As 

Utaaht, UerrhSf * an oval-shaped stone for playing a 
game like our draughts ; — the board on which it was 
played : ol irco-troi, the place, and the game : Treo-o-bs, 
any oval body: — in Strabo, a cubic mass of building to 
hold the piers of arches :' Ldd. — Ufaahs is brought by 
Eustath. and Hesych. from ireaeiv, to fidl. The lat- 
ter explains Tleaffols not only by stones for draughts, 
but by fioXloiSj idioiSf and Eustath. says that the 
ancients by iteaa-obs meant rh fi6\M KvStaroiv, So we 
find IltaaiKhs /BdXos, and Tlf(nro~piirr4w. And Ldd. 
says that Wirroo is said of the dice, * to fall in a certain 

Utaahs, a pessary ; * called from the shape of the 
[above] Tlttrais :' Dnn. 

IlcWw ; in nc«T«. 

niraXotff a leaf ; prop, expanded, from 

IleraXof, expanded, growing up, said of calves, 
young girls, &c. And IIcraAlf is a full-grown sow. 


Uirafuu, tlerdofuuj TtarSofuu, UrdofuUf fnrd/uoi, 
f nreo/iat, "ivroftai, to fly: prop, to expand (the wings). 
R. TCT^, to expand. . 

nerturoSy a broad-brimmed hat ; — broad nmbellated 
leaf. — R. jnrdu, to expand. 

nlrcttfpov^ Hirtvpop, a pole, perch for fowls to roosf 
on : from fir^Sovpor, JEol. for fier4upoSf raised. See 
n^So. Also, a stage for rope-dancers, or, as others, a 
machine from which they darted their bodies. (2) B. 
TCTiifltf, to stretch out 

U4raxyoyj a broad flat cup. — B. vcti£», ircir^aKa, 
like Pateo, Patera. 

Utrdu, Tlerdyyiffu, to stretch out, lay open, expand. 
— As n^pl-rao-itf so fllept-TdUtf, ncriv. Tdu Q^rm. 
and MatthisB acknowledge. (2) Compare IlfiOw to press 
or urge on, U§Mw to press out or elicit, ^IleOdu or IlerdEw 
to press out at length, * premo, ex-primo.' (3) R. f ireVctf, 
trlirra ; prim, to make to fall down on the ground, to 
make to fall flat, (as in Josh. 6. 5,) to cast down at 
length. So Cadaver is a body fallen and stretched ou 
the ground. (4) * Chald. pOaeh, to open:' Mrt. 
HircfAai : in IlerafMu 

Xlirpoj a rock ; Jlirpos, a piece of rock, stone, rock. — 
As TltffrifM is &f(Uling body, and Ur&fui and CadSver 
are a fallen dead body, so UirpoSf a falling or fcUlen 
piece of rock, from fir^oy, f irnrero), ttIttu. (2) Scheide 
from Trh-au : as a cliff spreading wide, stretching out 
on high; — Virgil : 'Hinc atque hinc vastse rupee, ge- 
minique minantur In caelum scopuli.' — Or B. v^oftat, 
as seeming to hover over the abyss. (3) * Hebr. JSr/2, 
to divide, separate, or be craggy:' Pkh. 

fn^w : in f IIco-CM. 

TltMoiMi, Tluyddrofuu, to ask, enquire ; — learn by 
enquiry. — Ernesti and Pott derive TluvBdro/juu from 
rr^v^ai, fundus : to search to the bottom, fathom, as 
Lat. per-contor. But N is clearly foreign to the root, 
as appears by Ilc^du. Bather then from the obs. frew, 
fvcow, allied to Utldw, fllfw, Iltc^a;, premo, i.e. ex- 
primo, to press out, get out by asking. See on Ufrdu, 
' Ctim a me premeretur*, says Cicero of a hoy inter- 
rogated by him. (2) Mrt. from 7r66os, 

HtvKdkifios, * lengthened form of Tluiuv6s :' Ldd. 
Compare XEuya\4os, 

JlcvKfioMhs, 'Exe-wcuK^y, ntpi'-rcvKiis, ' not bitter, 
but keen, piercing :' Ldd. For Buttm. thinks the rad. 
notion of Tlt^icTi is not that of bitterness, but of sharp- 
pointedness, from its pointed shape or its spines : as in 
OUT pike, peak» Yet Ufiieri and UiKpbs, (through lie- 
icfti, nctiCM,) are prob. allied, just as «-H8a» and ttISvu 
are the same. See especially on UtxpSs, 

ne^, a torch or tablet made of Tlt^icri of fir. Sea 

ncvorbr, learnt by enquiry : irci^o/teu. 

U4^va : = i<^4yco^ f irc^cf^w. 

fnew, obsoL = iricfctf : See fnef*. 

UTft fem. of f »of , any, some, allied to obs. f tos, gen. 
TOW, dat. T^. See no2. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



np, which way ; iro? » »#, whither ? — Allied to the 
above. As Qub ? 

n^ToyoK, rue. — * Prob. from ir^«, iHiyvvfu : From 
its thick fleshj leaves :' Ldd. 

nirrt. a fountain. — Nearly all from nrfidM, and 
some add '>^ ; Springing from the earth : but, as irop- 
6AKH, 8otin|8AKH, contr. t»^ic^, inry^. T as vAdKa, 
pl&Ga. Compare IIi8a|. (2) 'Hebr. P&, to pour 
out :* Pkh. 

UnyiM, a platform joined together; — congealed 
mass; &c. — From 

Uiryyvfu : in Tlayiu, 

Uriybfj from viiyvufu : firm, solid ; hence strong, 
powerful, huge. Some add * white,' which was * prob. 
from the fact that Ildtyaf, na7«-^ Thryrrhs, IIirywAlj, 
hoar-frost was white :* Ldd. 

. JlrryvXls : in Tbry^s, 

nrfi<lXtoifj a rudder.— Dnn. from in?8^ a * rudder t*- 
hoth derived, it seems, from IIHAOii some tree of 
which, says Etym. M., they were made. 

Iln^dwf to leap, bound ; — i. e. to strike the iriBov 
ground ; — or throw up my ^w49as = rr^ias^ pedes feet; 
See n&Viov, Horace: * Ter pede terram,' &c. Tloa- 
a\v iiHiBa, Hom.: jumped with his feet. Uifirifia mi' 
Ziiffas iroSoiy, Eurip. *In country /oo^m^', Shaksp. 
for dancing, 

Uri^hy^ the blade of an oar : — oar. The Lat 'in- 
surgere remis ' might be translated inySf v ^irl vrfiois. 
Indeed Ldd. thinks Urft^v may be from inyJkCw. — Or 
the same R as the sense * a rudder' : See in IIi^SdAiov. 

XlT^fCT^, like TrayU, a trap-cage for birds : R t"^*'» 
ir^m^icrai. Also, congealed, curdled milk, cheese : from 
the same : Gom-jMicto. 

ni}irrlf, a shepherd's pipe, joined of several reeds: 
As above. Com-poeto. It was also a harp, introduced 
from Lydia : perh. as joined of seveial strings. 

Uri\afiis, -lioSf a kind of tunny. * A species of this 
fish is at this day called PcUymede by the fishermen at 
Manseilles :' Dnn. and Ldd. — ^All say, as bom and living 
in IlfjA^s, mud. 

IIiJAijI, a hehnet. — R iniXX», lirijAa, to vibrate, 
from the nodding of the plume, as Kofwddi^, (2) Dnn. 
compares it with Ilf Ais, Il^Ai^, and adds : * It is found 
written UlKrf^, and may be referred to XIIXos, a cap.' 

UriXiKoSf how great : i.e. ri?dKos with «rfj, or *^. 
So IlnvlKa, 

TlriXhs, potter's earth, clay, mud. 'Also thick or 
red wine, from its muddy appearance :' Schrevel. — Mrt 
from ircA^r, dark-coloured. (2) B. itdXri^ fine flour : 
From the color of clay, 

UrifMf suffering, misery. -^ R ^"rfiBw, ir4wrifuu, to- 
ax^i to suffer. TlfifAaff' & Vc(0cf , Eurip. 

Uriu4ko^y a kind of duck. — R ir^i^ca, a web: Web- 
footed. So 

n^f^, nrfyosj thread, woof; plnr. the web. -«-R wc- 
yo/iai, to Ubor at. 

ni/Wieo, at what tune: i.e. V^xa with r6s or rff. 
As TlriXiKos. 

UrihSf Ilahs^ a kinsman, esp. by marriage. — * R ttA' 
ofiai : Acquired by marriage. The Greeks said 70^- 
€pbv Tcirao-tfeu :' Valck. 

n^po, a knapsack, pouch for victuak. — 'R vdofuu, 
to feed : fnipa, iHipa :' Valck. 

IlTtphsj disabled in a limb, maimed ; — blind, — ^stupd. 
— Allied by Schneid. to riH/uo, injuiy. Thus : ftrijaw, 
frniBtplbSf mip6s, (2) ••Hebr. poor, to break :' Wr. 

nijxvfi the fore-arm from the elbow to the wrist, and, 
as a measure, to the point of the little finger. — Thought 
by Ldd. and Fassow allied to nAXT:S, thick. Gompara 
the senses of Tlvyfiii and Ilviufds. — Mrt and Emng 
from t*"^. And so Pkh. who says : * R t»^7», to fix : 
Which in reclining is fixed on some support, as Cubitus 
from Cumba' * £t oubUo remanete PBJUSSO:' Hor. 

Urixvs, * the centre-piece which joined the two horns 
of an ancient bow, the handle ;— plur. the horns' or sides 
of the lyre, opposite to the bridge ;— -in the balance, the 
beam ; — a cubit-rule ; — an angle :' Ldd. •— Above. 

TlidCu, Utdia, to press, press bard, squeeze ; — lay 
hold of ; — oppress, repress. nui(u seems much the 
same as Bid{uj 'to press hard', (Ldd.). See the obss. 
on Bla and the second ^Tldm, 

XludpWf to make fat. IIuip, fat, tallow, nluy^ IlU 
€ipo, fem., fat, plump. Ht/icA^, fat — All allied, 
through the obs. f ir^ to Ilid^w, lUi^of, to press close. 
See nto-o-o. 

n78a^, a spring, fountain : R vi8^, * as our Spring 
is used in both senses :' Ldd. 

11(8^, to sprout, — to make to gush forth. — Compare 
with Tlrfidu and 11178^, to spring. I like that in 
TrXlvOoSj ic\l<r<rofuUj Lat rltos from pHrhs, formica 
from fivpfMKo, 

ni4(v : in nid(w. 

lliBcwhsj persuasive. ^R vtlOu, 

Iltfliyl, UlOriKoSf an ape. — * Doubtless,' says Ldd. 
* from TTtiOuj mOayhSf as Mt^,' (an ape). L e. from 
the middle Ttldo/juuj to comply with, follow, therefore to 
imitate, as we say To ape the manners of another. See 

UlBos^ a cask, tub.— Valck. frY>m vtlBw, which, he 
says, orig. meant *to bind': i.e. from fTfiw, vie ^00, to 
press close. See Uufffta, And nWa. (2) Ewing 
from fv^M, ttIvu, to drink : ' A large vessel of liquor.' 

DiK^piov, butter. — Prob. allied to Tliap, fat, and Hi- 
jucA^. We say, As fat as butter. (Rare.) 

Ilucphs, sharp, pungent, bitter. — It seems allied to 
n^tpu^ to pierce, tli4(w, to press, XltUew, to pluck, twitch, 
&c. Lenn. from the obs. 'tir£», [w^iica,] figo, pungo*. 
(2) Allied to French piquer, our piquanL (3) * R 
wct^m}, or Chald. pekar, scindo :' Mrt 

IltAi'^, Ul\v7ifUj the same as IIcAdw, as f 2kc8<£m, 
l^l^PTIfu ; Ktpdu, Kipvfifu, 

UTaoSj wool or hair wrought into felt ; a felt-hat, j)t- 
hue ; — felt-cloth for carpets, mats, tents ; — felt-cuirass. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



— *B. in4(u, tot It/fAos;' Greg. Or the obs; ffleoj 
whence tlLt^u : as Yt», Vi\6s, 

Tli}i6o», to felt mXof wool, press close. 

Ili/AcA^, iatness : io Uialvw. 

IltfnrXjivt TliiJL7r\4»j UlfivXrifUy redapL of firXco), 
fpleOf im-pleOf to fill. See Il\4os. So 

XlifiirpdUf nlfivprifJLij sss TTp-fiBof, — AboTe. 

ntvai^ a board, plank, tablet, table. — ^Valck. and 
Hemsterh. suppose an obs. word niNOS, pimu: As 
made of pine, * Pmea daostra/ Virg. So ' a table 
of PINE\ Longfellow's Standish, I. 16. — Or perhaps 
xfrwy, pimu, irtrvtyoSf iriTufc'o|, contr. irtVo^. 

niyyoy a shell- fish of the muscle kind. * The silky 
filaments bj which it adheres to rocks were used for 
ornaments ;' Dnn. Hence from obs. \^i»i vu^a, to 
£quee2se, as B\4way Tiv»a» 

iGyoVf ' a liquor made from barlej, beer. B. itlyw :* 
Dnn. (2) Root as Iliyva. 

Uiyosy * filth, dirt, partic. of grease; prop, the oil on 
the body of the gymnasts: — met, an antique diction, 
Tigoroos and simplet like that of the ancients, possessing 
a rude but masculine beauty. Allied to Iltwv [and 

IlivlMreu^ to make wise : invmhs^ wise. — Allied 
through ^UviKTcru, to Xleiryvfuu to be wise. So I in 
mlna from Mva, sibi from trtpii, U in iSscUlapius from 


Ulym and ^Uiu and fllow, to drink. -* Allied to 
ITtc^w, to press dose : * Bibe pressis labris,' Lenn. 
Compare XlupM a lid. (Z) ' Hebr. pt^ the mouth:' 
Mrt. and Greg. 

XliKlffKWf to give to drink.— B. "firUt, f irto'icctf, irfi^w. 

niwoSf a young piping bird. And Ilivi), a kind of 
wood-pecker. — ^ Ferh. from the sound:' Lenn. and 
Greg. So 

Uiinrl(oaj pipiOf to pipe or chirp as a Utiros. 

Uiirpdi4rK69j to sell: = xepdat, firpdca, ^vpdaKw^ vi- 

Uiirra : in f IIc^^. 

UlffoVj nlffosypisum^ a pea. -^ Mrt. and Greg, well 
from trritratt, *most prob. orig. vlaaUf (Dnn.) as 

IImtos, moist ground, meadow. — B. wnrfo-KW, a. 1. 
firlaa to give to drink, here to drink, as in Tlltrrpa. 
As imbibing moisture. ' Sat prata hiberunt,* Virg. 

Uitraa, II/tto, pitch, — turpentine; — fir. — From 
fir^, fir/o-», wte^co, to press close: answering to Lat. 
tptMO. (2) 'From iriOf. fat: or ir/rvs, a pine: or 
wtiaaaf iHiyvvfUj to coagulate:' Greg. 

nlariSf trust, belief. — B. irhrtiffToUf vtlBofuu, 

Tliarhs, trusty. Above. 

niffrpa^ trough for watering cattle, — R. f ir(ei>, f ire- 
iriffrai, viya, to drink : allied to mllV&Ku. 

UlavyyoSf a shoe^nuiker. ^ R. irttro^o, pitch ? Perh. 
we should read H'urffvyyos with Dind.:' Ldd. 

nltrwos, trusting in. — R vtidofuu^ as IHZris, 

niavpfs, Mo\. of Tiffffopfs, 

nfrw, from ftrirte, f wco'^of, to fall, as XlfrFij/u, to 
stretch out, from irerdu. The same as Tliirres. 

ntrvAos, beating of the water by oars;^ — blows given 
in boxing, — any violent or continued noise or motion, 
— Ldd. thinks TllrtfKos called from the imitation of 
the plash of oars; (a) Transp. for TtnrtKos from t^os, 
a blow, impression. As ^vuryayoyf ^iniytwoy. (3) 
Dr. Major from iri-rru. Or f irera, fweruAoj, 7Firv\os. 

UiTvpa, husks, bran, refuse; — dandriff. — Soft for 
Ueri/pa from t^«T«, to fall, or Iltirrupa from virru. 
* When the head is rubbed, there iaro-irlirrti fall out 
thin irlrvpa bran, whence the disease irirvpicuriSf scaly 
eruption:' Hippocr. (2) Allied to Ltit, pUuUa, spit. 
What is spit out in winnowing: irTi5«, firT^po, Trlrvpa, 
as I is added in vlyvcauj mlna. (3) R. irrWtf, orig. 
w/o-o-w, irfrriw, as Dnn. thinks. — Gomp. fiyicTPA. 

TlirvpU iKaia, 'small oli^e of the color of itlrvpa:* 

riiTwj, the pine-tree. — * B. w?of, [and ir</ueAJ^,] fat, 
with which it abounds:' Greg. 

nt^ai}o-f(«, to make manifest, show, declare. — ^t*^» 
0(£<ricM, (as 'Bi«, Bd<rKu,) -frntpdirKv, as AihduTKw: 
Either as *7j/ii, ^daKw, for, fari^ to speak ; or as 
^aJiyta, ^ay&, to show. 

nW: in Hiaiya, 

nKayydyioy, a kind of ointment. — R wXcitrcrw, to 
smear. So 

IIAory«l>y, wax-doll.— Ldd. and Dnn. from TXauran, 
to form, which should ratlier make TlKaS^y: but, as in 
UKdCuf we may suppose a fut. xXdy^u. So in IlA.ay- 
y6ytoy, — Or as smeared over : Above. 

UKdryioSf oblique, transverse, perverse. — R irA(i^<v, 
irAo7«: Wandering out of the straight way. (2) 
Schneid. from irkayos or vXdyos, a side: Side-ways. 
But this out-of-the-way word seems to have the same 

nXaSctpbs, and BAoSop^ moist, flaccid, flabby: 
nxdSos, moisture. — Prob. all allied to *\4<a and to 
BAi^, ^A^, to gush, toem, overflow: and ^KdC<u 
whence Ucup\d(w to froth, foam. See IIAvi^w. (2) 
With BAAbapbs compare BAA{. 

nAa85icia), * to talk nonsense: perh. from irAaT^s,^^, 
like Des platitudes in French : or an imitative word, as 
Lat. blatero» Scottish blether:* Ldd. 

U\d(u, n\ayda, * to cause to wander, drive forth, to 
wander, drive about :* Ewing. — B. ir4AA«, waAol, firA^ : 
To move to and fro. Allied to ncAa;, HeKefiiCu, IIoAcw; 
and, if there was f noAci», (as there was 'Eju-iroAdw,) 
then again firAc^. (2) B. ic^AAu, fircAAw, the Lat. 
pelloi (as \vKos, luPus; Kotos, Iloios,) to drive about. 

UKaedyri, a platter, dish or mould in which bread or 
cakes were baked. — B. irA({<r<r«, j[itr\dBriy, to mould. 
(2) R v\arbs,JkU : 1[it\ardyn» 

nxdOu, the same as IIcAiiw, f IIAdUtf, to come ireAas 

Tl?<alfftoy, an oblong figure or body, — a square. — 
Thought allied to nAAr^s, Jlat. Grove says, for 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



flAdUriov, from irXoltrtro), TA^Ccrw, to mould: *A mould 
to form bricks, the shape of a brick/ 

n\aK€phs, broad as a IIA^, axhs, board. 

nXoKous, a flat cake, like IIA.^, v\euc6s, Aoc. 
'wXaKovvra: Lat. placenta, 

nxwdu : in n\dQ», 

n\dvos^ a deceiyer, i.e. leading astray: Above. Or 
vagabond, liar. 

IIA.^, g. 7r\€uchs, a flat body, phnk^ board, table; — 
leaf; — plate, — flat space, plain, ace. ttKAko, Lat. 
pldga; — flat cake. — R. ir\arhsj ^rXdra^j (as n6pira^f 
•A6va^,) ir\a|. (2) ' R. ir\d<r<ru:' Dnn. 

nxdtrawj to smear, cover over, plaster, for naAcEo-aw, 
to besprinkle, stain. Also, to cast figures i.e. with 
plaster, give form to, mould. (2) R. iniXhSf mud: 
\fn}\d(rffo»f as ^Avdaffw, 

IlKdffriy^, perh. for IlKdriy^^ * from wXarhSj flaty 
broad: A dish, scale of a balance, draught-board:' 
Grove. Also, a splint for keeping broken bones in their 
place: — a yoke for horses, called from a pair of scales 
or balance;—' the scale on which the wine was thrown 
in the cottabus; — from the likeness the shell of an 
oyster:' Ldd. The scale struck in the cottabus by the 
wine thrown, was perhaps, like the other sense of 

n\cto-Ti7|, WJiaTiy^j a whip, allied to nA^<r«, to 

UKaray^y * any noise caused by the collision of two 
flat bodies: from irXarifs:' Ldd. (2) R. irA^rv;: as 
prop, the dashing of water by oars. * See tl\artfYi(u. 

UKaray^Vy a clapper, rattle. And 

WiaTceyuvioUj ' petal of the poppy and the anemony : 
for lovers took omens from it by striking it with the 
right hand, and its burst with a loud crack was a good 
omen : ' Ldd. — R. r^Mroeyii, 

n\arafi&>Vj hfiai stone ;^ beach ;^f reef of rocks. 

UXdravoSy pUxUmnu, the j^/oanie tree. From its broad 
leaves. R. irKarls. 

nXarcia, a broad street, plaiea;fiat of the band. — 
Fem.of irAari^f. 'The broad places thereof, Jerem. 5. 1. 

UKarruddu, to speak broad or with a brogue. — 

nA(£Ti7, the/d^ blade of an oar; tx^jfiat body. — R 

IIAortr, ncAfirif, a wife;— concubine.— From ircAdUtf, 
firAcUi), so. Tfi hi^pL Thus, *I produce a son, irAa0c70^ 
*AxtAAc»s TouSf,' £urip. So *Efi-ir«A<£T€tpa. 

UXarvyiQa, * to beat the water with the irAarir broad 
end of an oar, — make a plash, sputter, swagger:' Ldd. 

UKorrhs, flatt level, wide, broad; — * salt, brackish, 
>)rob. because orig. used of the wide sea:' Ldd. — R. 
.Kdifa, to move or roam about, — hence, be at large, 
expatiate free: Spacious, extensive, ample. 'Spatiosus 
inlatitudine:' Valck. (2) Om fat, plai, plate. 'Flatr, 
Icel. Flad, Dan. Plat, Fr. :' Todd. 

IIA^oi', n^Ac0poy (poet.) 100 feet; race-course of 
this length: — 10,000 square feet, as a measure.— 

* R. prob. irA^»:' Passow. A plenary number. E, as 
kEZv6s, (2) n^Ac0poi^ from ir^A», ir^iroAo, to drive 
round with the plough, as rpf-iroAoi' II. 6. 542: 
arpi^amt^ 544-6. 

nAc<v, ' for XIA^oy, more, as Acty for dkiovi* Ldd. 

IIAcicrrof, most, greatest — R. vAc{«y. 

IIAc^wv : in IIA^y. 

IIAetc^i^, a year: i.e. * a full time or period, from 
vXios, irAcTos:' Ldd. ' Si tener PLENO cadit hosdus 
ANNO,' Hor. ' Centum U>to$ legnabitur annos', Virg. 

* Two /«K years', Jer. 28. 11. And 2 Sam. 14. 28: 
27. 7. 

IXA^Kos, wicker-work; IIAeicTcii^, coil, wreath; 
IlAeicT^, cord, fishing-basket: &c. — From 

IIAcKo;, plkoy plectOj to knit, plait, weave, fold. — 
R iro\4o»j firA^w, (whence Ai-irA^of,) to torn round, 
then irA^KM as f OA^, *0\4ku, (Thus Blomf. on 
Matth. Gr. Gr.) ^ Plicat cogitque in orbea,' Seneca. 

* Qqsb nZtcamttf , invertimus et flectimus:' Greg. 

IIAcos, plenw, full, f IIAcw, im-pleo, re-pleo^ IIA^^w, 
to fill. — Allied to IloAiif, voA^os, much. (2) Allied 
to ^Acw, ^A^, to overflow. 

IIAe^/utfy, pulmo, the lungs. — For Ttye^fmy, as 
Nirpoy, Airpoy, R. irycM, to breathe. 

IIA«vp^, a side f- a wife, i.e. one's rib. ^- R. toA^, 
fvAc'tf, to turn round, (whence the irdkoipolei): As the 
ribs turn (vertuntur, versantur,) round the body, en- 
circle or gird it. So *A/A^i-iroAc», * to stand round, to 
surround' (Dnn.). (2) R. iroAbs, iroA^oy, many. There 
are as many as 24 ribs. (8) R woAv-cvp^s. 

TIK4v, to fill: inllA^os. 

IIA^w, irAc^«, to sail.— Dnn. allies it to IIA^, and 
to *\4u, *\^,fluOyJhiito, to Jhat. So UKwiCu is to 
swim or float, and IIA^t a swimmer. (2) Contr. from 
TLotXifOj to traffick, 'Efi-froXdu: To go on the sea for 
traflick. See the end of the obss. on nxovros, (3) * R 
fro\4uj to turn or drive hither and thither:' Lenn. ' The 
ships are turned about with a very small helm:* N. T. 
So Thiersch compares IloAc^, XIA^co. 

Xl\4wy IlAcW, more in number, more, greater. — 
R voXhs, iro\4os, many, much: fwoXeluv^ nKtiay, Or 
irA^os, irK^wy: more full. 

HATry^, a stroke: irA^<r<r«, ir^wAiryo. 

IIA^dw, to fill. IIA^^of, great number or size. — In 

XlXriKrliofMi, to fight, i.e. strike blows, from TrXiiacrw, 
ircirAi}«CTai, Lat plecto, to beat 

UKrJKrpoyf an instrument to strike with, a quill, 
plectrum; — cock's spur : — pnnting-pole. — Above. 

UXr,firf : the same as TlXi/iafiri. 

nAi}/xftcA^w, to commit a fault, err. — As *EK^fA€\ijs 
is * out of tune,* ' absonus,' so n\i}/i^«A^s is vAV (i*e. 
7r\€iy, v\4oVj) beyond or beside the /a«Ao$ tune; and the 
verb is to mi^e an error in singing, and so to trans-gress 
generally. So 

nA97/i^v/7h, a flowing beyond. R vAV) M^p», as 
. nx-niAfAfXiu, Hence, a flood, flood-tide, (a) R irA^aw, 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



iriirXrifffuUf to fill falL Some wonld read Waifivpls, 
See UKiia-firi, 

n\'flfivfjy the oave of a wheel, the hole in which the 
axle tnrns. — All derive from irX^tfw, for treitXrffUvn: 
The nave as filled up by the axle, (a) Yet it may be 
for v(tro\rifjJinif turned round in, allied to the U6?<oi, 

nxV, except,— the same as IlA.ea', n\4op, more. 
Thus, * There is no other xA^v iyio,* more than I, but I, 
except me. ' Tell me what you wish irXifv iphs, except 
this one thing.' So IIA.V is but, save, unless, except if, 
except when, &c 

nKfipTiSfpleniu, full. — R. irXios. 

UXrialoSj near.. — R. ircX(i», f vXiw, ^rK'ljffw, to 
come near. 

UX-nfffJoif H^fifiri, the flood-tide. — B. ir\^6«, ir4- 
TfXrifffUUf to fill. 

IIA7}(r/ioi^, as nXfjO^fnji plethora, re-pletion. — 

nAijtro-w, to strike, to beat, to stamp. — As Percutio, 
to strike, from Quatio, so ircUXw, iroAv, f iroAcw, f irAcctf. 
Or x4Ka. (2) Dnn. allies it to TlK&ffffw. (3) R 
WAA», fireM», (as Kotos, Ilotos; Ai^Kos, luPus,) peUo, 
to drive. («) Allied to fBAew, fBA^o^M, * to strike, 
beat,' (Dnn.) So BXaSaphs aid UXaJSmpds. (5) * Hebr. 
palletz, to terrify :' Mrt. ? 

TlKivdoSfA brick, tile; — plinth, ingot of metal; — 
plinth of a column. — Allied to n\d6ai/os, a mould. As 
fiddosj fiENBos; vdOos, irEN9os, so firAENdor seems to 
have been formed, then irAIi'^os, as I in the next word 
irAIo-o-M and pllco. So *Ev, In. See \lKpiipts, 

nKlatrw, ^M, v4w\tx<h ^ ^^^^ PLICOy to fold; midd. 
to cross one's legs in walking, and hence to stride, step 
out. Akin to IIA^kw:' Ldd., f irAfKM, Plico. * To go at a 
round pace,' adds Dnn., i.e. to trot, amble, which agrees 
with Virgil's ' Insultare solo, et gressus GLOMERARE 
superbos,' i. e. says Forcell., * celeri passu et CONVO- 
LUTO gradu incedere.* TlXixB^ls agrees with UK^x^eiSj 
com-plicatus. — IIoA^fitf, UXttriruy as Elxita, *E\(ffau. 

n\ix^Sy the inside of the thighs, which is chafed by 
walking. — R. irA^ero-w, v4v\ixa, 

IIAotov, a ship; Tl\6oSj sailing. — R. irA^w, WttAoo. 

nxdxanos, U\6koSj a lock or curl of hair; — twisted 
rope. — And 

'n\6Kayov, anything twined; — a wicker sieve or fan. 

— And 

IIAoK^, a weaving. — R. vXiKW, v4vKoKa, 

WiSos: in Tl\o7ou. 

UXo^ffioSf wealthy. — R. itAoCtoj above, as 'A^poSiTiy, 
'A^/joJ/o-tos. (a) R. iroAw-ouo-fa: Schrevel. 

IIAouros, wealth. — Valck. for iroAu-eros. R. toAwj, 
Itos: a copious year, Annona. Or the produce of many 
years. (2) Lenn. from irActv, ircirAoa, irA^0», to fill* 

— Jones from wA^w, to sail: Voyage-money. 
TI\o6tuv, Pluto, * the god of the nether world : orig. 

epith. of Hades, because com, the irAoDros wealth of 

early limes, was sent from beneath as the gift of Hades: 
hence PltUo was confounded with Plutiui* Ldd. 

UXivto, to wash, rinse. — Dnn. says: * Prop, to wet or 
soak in wiater.' Then for TlaXwa, * to wet', (Dnn.) — 
However he adds: ' From vKino, another form of icTJko,. 
irAcvw, to flow, to swim.' Allied to ♦Ai/«, ♦A€«. Com- 
pare Lat. plfto^ pluvia. 

nXi^vM, to abuse, revile. As Fr. laver la tSte k 
quelqu'un. To Asperse from Ad-spargo is much the 
same. — Above. 

nxitSy a swimmer: in IIA^. 

Tlvfvfia, breath, spirit, wind. — R. irveot, 

nveitfiuy : in IIAciJ/xtfv. 

Ilif^Qt, to breathe, blow. Germ, pfnegen. — Prop. * io 
be faint or exhausted from exertion', a sense given by 
Dnn. to riof €00 : as from K(^05, labor, is Kortciw, ' to be 
exhausted from fatigue, to cease.' Then to pufi^, blow. 
Conversely, to Breathe is ' to take breath, to rest:' Dr. 
J. And VioirevvM from Uvtu is 'prop, to pant for 
breath, put oneself out of breath by exertion', (Dnn.). 

Tbfiyoo, (g0, to stifle, suffocate. — Schleusn. from 
irvotd, f A7« tkyvvfii^ to break the breath : ^irvoiyoi. (a) 
Better thus : As iividCu, to sift, from 2e{», so from the 
obs. fvtctf, whence miQu, to press close, might be firtWw, 
f irviw, trviyw, as r^/itvw, fTe/Aew, ^rfUw, rfi'ljrCi. Ob- 
seiTO too Ttipa, rtpa, "^Ttplw, '\rpl6», rpi€a. (3) As 
Uvhl has gen. irvKvhi, evincing its relation to adj. 
itvKvhs, close: so irvici'^s might produce ^vwcvidu^ 
firvidu or THfiyui To pack close, compress, as TlvKvdw, 
(4) ' Hebr.iwie, the face:' Mrt. ? 

llvo^, breath : irvw, 

IIi^l, g. irwKbs and wKvhs, the Pnyx where thfr 
assemblies of the people were held. — ^R. irvKvbs, crowded, 

ndo, IIo/o, herb, grass: — allied to BOriinj, BOo-irw, 
and Pasco, See on fHciw. And see Uoi/jiiiv, (2) 
R. ^ir6of, whence v6<ris, to drink: as imbibing mobture. 
* Sat prata biberunt* 

IloBairhs, * of what country or race ? — Valck. from 
irdr, 8(£irof, as meaning Ad-rt^ov, "EBoupos, T<$vos. (2) 
' Passow from irow, ktrh, A euphon. Where from, like 
French d'oti;' Dnn. A, as in proDest, proDit. Or for 
8i, as in T$8f» But observe ^Ao-AAIIOZ 

IloScebi', any extremity, as Hobs, ToZds : 'plur., the 
rairged ends in the skin of animals, where the feet and 
tail have been; sing., the neck or mouth of a wine-skin, 
formed by one of these ends, the othera being sewn up ; 
•—neck of the bladder:' Ldd. And = ircos, which see. 

ITo^ci', whence ? As "oetv. — R. t6s, 

U6doSj UoOii, ardent longing for, deep regret for the loss 
of. — Allied to Tldax^t to have feeling for, or UdBos, suf- 
fering, Utvdos, TleirOvea, TltirOaxa, n4vda0€. Compare 
$O0pos, irOpSoAxr, fipOx^as in &ippho; 8A/uw, dOmo. 

UoT, whither, as Of. — R. v6s. 

Uoida, Ilo4(0, to do or make : to make verses : UoiTifia^ 
poenMy a poem: TloiriT^s,poeta, a. poet, Spenser: 'Her 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



peerless skill in MAKING well.* Dryden : 'A poet 
18 a MAKER.'-— Pkh. from voi6s: 'To endue a tiling 
with a certain quafity. As, Make His paths straight,* 
(2) noccv short for nov4»: To kbor at (3) R. «r<», 
to be employed aboat, oiro whence Cjptw, Operor: then 
dirof 00, (as Aoc»,) and irofo, as * A^pofiai for *05v/>oj^ai *, 
(Ldd.) — Or, as Svclv and Ufpi-airthf are acknow- 
ledged by Ldd., then fenrw, ^Htnroa, as *P4a>, "E^poa: 
t<rjroc«, iro4w, as * Kairero* for 2K<£wfT0s' (Ldd.). * So 
5t«7«, T^oj, Tego. 

no(K£\o5, many-colored, spotted; of varying turns 
of mind, changefa I, artful; — of varying art, elaborate. 
The IIoikIKtij Pceciie, a portico at Athens adorned with 
paintings. TIoikIkKv^ to execute skilfully in variegated 
embroidery. — As 5Wf«, to prick, is *to mark with 
stripes, to variegate', (Dnn.) so UouclXos from irefifflp, 
weiroiKo, is striped by lines drawn as in combing or 
carding. (2) UoikIXos 'artificially wrought', and 
lloiKiKKu * to execute with art and skill', from iroi^a, 
weirofiyico, ^wivoiKa : Wrought, e-laborated, reruyfiivos, 
(8) Allied to nAco, nuiwr^j, * clever, skilful :'(Dnn.).? 
noi/iV, a shepherd, as BOrfip: Tlolfamif a flock. — 

Uotwif, *a compensation, satisfaction, punishment, 
pcRna. Orig. the compensation was a ram given to the 
relations to be sacrificed. From ^(Jvos, f^fw:' Dnn. 
So *oafhs is bloody. 

Iloios, of what kind ? As OTos. B. w^j, wot, 
w^. And Uoihs, of some kind: R. iros. 

Iloxwi/tiw, am busy, serve.— R irvico, 'ffrviu, (whence 
Ileiryiijuat,) redupl. woi-Kvvoi as UanrdKKw : To breathe 
hui^d, pant, run about, a sense given by Ldd. to noi- 
vi^va and to nOl<p6ff<rce» Thiersch brings the HO from 
woAii. (2) R. trov4<e, 

noitpwrtrUf to PUFF, blow. — From tpvffdu. See 
Iloiirvim. (a) From the sound, as PUFF. 
UoKCL for nore, as *0»fa for 'OTe. 
U6kos, a fleece. — R. w^kw, vtvoKcu 
n<<Af/ioj, fight, war. — As Bellum is Duellnm from 
Duo, so U6\ffMS from IloKbs, iro\4os, many. In form 
a8 &P7EM02, ei^EMOS. (2) In defence of one's 
ir6\i5, w(iAc»r, city. (3) * For Uo\-6K€fAoSf from 
iroA^r, 6K4a :^-0r with Damm from iraAcfju);, the hand :' 
Pkh. : much as Pugna from Pugnus. So O in ^ol. 
wOpSoAiy. (4) R. fiSoAcw, /StiAAw, to throw darts. 
(5) Allied to XIcAe/it^tw, to brandish (darts or spears). 

IIoActf, IIoAc^, to turn round, — turn the soil, 
plough ; — go round or about, range over, frequent, as 
Lat. Yersor, and Gr. ^TpwpdofAcu. — Don. allies IIoAcw, 
n6\0Sf IIcAw, XI^Aoiioi. See in IleAa*. 

UoKths, hoary, white. — R. iroAe«, to turn, here to 
turn in color. We say, * Too much care will turn a 
young man grey.' (2) Ewing from va\cu6s. ? 

IldAts, a city : i. e. where men iroAoSo-f, irttKowrcu, 
versantnr, con-versantur, dwell or have their conversa- 
tion together. (2) R iroXbs, many, in opp. to the 
scattered and scanty inliabitants of villages. 

TloKtrriSf a citizen. — Above. 

IIoAfx*^ a little UdKis, 

f noAAiJs : in IIoA^s. 

IIoAAooT^t, very little. — As TlarniKwrrhs, the 50th, 
is one oat of 50; so noAAoo-r^s is one only out of many. 

U6KoSj a pivot, hinge, on which anything turns : a 
pole of the earth; — orbit of a star; — earth turned by 
a plough, &c. — ^R. voAIw. 

nOATO^S, porridge, pottage, poU or puis pultis, 
poultice; (puUimentum,') pidmenium. — Q. if transp. 
from XIAovrbr, (nwArdy, ) floating : as ssid of pot-herbs, &c. 
floating in water. Thus Porridge is from Porrum, a leek. 

noA^co-TOf, much-desired. — R. woAv, $4<r<raa6at, 
pass. fr4d€<rTcUf to pray for. 

IIoA^-irovs, the polypus, fish with mnny feet. 

noAiff, much, many. — As Vastus from f Am/, i. e. 
large as a city: — as In-gens from Gens : — as Oppidb, 
much, from Oppidum, (' Quod vel oppido satis,' says 
Festns,) — and as we say Nation large, so UoXhi from 
Ti6Kis, (2) ' Many ', from IIoA^, Uo\4ofiai as 2rp». 
<l>dofiaif versor, con-versor. See II^Aif. 

n6\<t>0Sf porridge, iroArof : puipa. U6\tos perhaps 
became f II^Awof , (as aTdSMy, £o\. andStoVj sPatium ; 
\iTpa, M, Kilipa, liBra,) then n6K^s. 

Uofjor^f a conveyance, procession; shoWfpompaypomp. 
— R. •nifivu. 

Tlovriphsj laborious; — laboring under disease of body, 
ill, — and of mind, bad, depraved, as Wretch compared 
with Wretched. — From 

U6yos, toil, trouble. — R. v4yofuu, wcirova, to toil. 

Tl6vro5, the sea, pontus. — As Tdp<^s transp. from 
Tp4<f>o», and ApdKwy from 8^pic«, so Il6yT05 for irv&ros 
from wWfitf : Blown upon by the winds, Perflatus ventis. 

Tid/Koofov, a baked cake. — R. ir4irru, w^irowa. 

U6wa^, * an excl. of surprise and anger. Akin to 
n6iroi*: Ldd. and prob., says Dnn., to Uvira^, 

n6woif 'an excl. of wonder, anger, distress: airSvoi, =s 
cS bfol, irSirot among the Dryopos meaning this [perh. 
allied to Udvas, father:]: an excl. of complaint, as 
naval:* Dtin. (2) * Rather, from the sound, an echo 
to the sense, as Ilawat:' E. Valpy. 

IIowol, the cry of the "Eiro^^, "Ewoirof , hoopoe, 'E- 
rrowol iroiroTrh irovoi wovolj Aristoph. 

Iloinr^w, ' to whbtle or chirp with the lips com- 
pressed: hence 1. to call to, coax, encourage: 2. applaud, 
flatter; 3. smack, kiss loud; 4. make an inarticulate 
sound on hearing thunder, &c 5. play ill on the flute:' 
Ldd. — It seems an imitative word. Thus Dr. J. says 
of our word POP: * A small smart quick sound. It id 
formed from the sound.' 

nSpSaJsjs: s= vdpdaXis. 

Hop^hy crepitus ventris. — R irepSw. 

nop$4Uf = v4pdaf wtrropda, 

UopBfibs, fetrjt strait, &c. as XlSpos: IlopOfttvu, to 
cany or ferry over. 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Uopl(m^ to conyej, pass, briog, fnmisl), supply, get 
ready. Like Ilopevu in Udpos. 

nOPI2, ndpTis, nrfproC, a heifer, calf, bullock, stag. 
— Etjrm. M. from its iprtcls irdpeiap Kod vofi^v 
fyXf(r0ai. ? (2) R. 7r6poij resources, revenae. ? 

nSpiaiSf a ring or hoop round which the iron head of 
a spear was fastened to the shaft. — B. irtlptt, trhropKo^ 
to pierce (with nails), as ntp6vri from Trtlpof is a clasp. 
Compare noP»iy. 

n6pKos,a, hog.porcut : whence our |wri. (Veiy rare.) 
B. vflpUf ThropKdx from its perforating the ground 
with its snout Formed like Il6pKns^ (2) From the 
Tl6pKTis in its nose. 

tlSpKos, a fishing-net — Le. pierced and perforated, 
as USpieris, 

ndpifrij a harlot— R. ircpf^c^M, to sell : As selling 
herself. So some connect Whore with Hire. Ldd. says : 
^Because the Greek prostitutes were usu. bought slaves.* 
n6poSj a passage, way through : from xelpot, irciropa, 
to pass. Also, a pore^ passage of perspiration ; — means 
or place of passing, a ferry, strait, frith ; — ^way or means 
of doing anything ; — ways and means, revenue : &c. So 
Ilopt{w^ to make to pass, ferry. 
. n6pTc^^ * the handle ojf a shield, prob. a ring inside 
the shield which could be taken out at pleasure ; — part 
of the head-gear of a horse :* Ldd. — From 

nSpmif * that part of a clasp in ^hich the n€p6yri 
was fastened, hence een. a clasp, buckle, brooch. — 
-*No doubt from tc^w, to pierce :* Ldd. Umpa, 
rSpinj^ as ro\6UH, rpvUAf and perhaps iiydUH, 

ndfi^cff, forwards, ilurtber on, hr off: Lat. porro, 
furthermore. — B. irpbs, vp6trWf rr6p(Tw, irdp^a, 

UopaalyWj ITo/xrvi^w, like Uopliuj iarta^ to supply, 
furnish, get ready ; furnish supplies to, attend to, wait 
upon, pay our regards to. 

Jl6pTis : in U6pi5. 
, nop<f>6paf the purpurat purple dye of the shell-fish 
T10P*TPA : — a purple dress : — also a maiden, in that 
out-of-the-way writer Lycopbron, perhaps so dressed ? 
And Tlopfpvplsj a red water-fowl, and a red vest — See 

Uop<l>vpWf to have a purple or dark color, as when 
the sea is agitated and dark from a storm : — then to 
be disquieted in one's mind and in doubt. — Gomm. de- 
duced from the above : yet die converse may be true, 
as nop<pvpof sounds as much Greek as Mopfivpw^ and 
may be redupl. from <l>6pw, * to put into confusion, em- 
broil, perturb*, (Dnn.). 
Tl6p<o^ =: vopt^Uf paro, 

no:?, K02, T02, some, any : also, who ? what ? 
Moreover we find IIoS and *Oirov, n^ and "Otni. &c — 


nOSEIAAAN, Neptune. — - ' Herod, seems to think 
it an African word, and Bochart attempts so to ex- 
plain it:' Scheide. 

. ndffdri, pneputium ; — et idem quod vios. — * Prob. k 
irpMf :' Dnn. Ut irorl pro vVorL (Z) Ab obs. t»<J», 
138 . 

^hr6a9nyi unde tlafULj operculum, affine t{I fiSroti 
Bv«, IIvAt}, &c. 

IloaBla^ tuberculnm in palpebris : ' forsitan qubd t$ 
&icpo-TO(r6£y non absimile est, quod et ipsum ab hordei 
grano non multum differt :' Steph. Vide supr. 

Il6(r$v¥f cui est magna Tl6<T$ifii undo est verbum 
comicnm pro puerulo. 

n6iru, drink, potus. — B. rlyw, fir<J«, fircS(r«, to 

n<j<ri9, marltus. — B. fir<J«, irJtris, potus j Torffw, ut 
'ririaxu, bibere facio so. 7^$ rris ywaiKhs^ ut "Apffvv 
Mas ab ip^ irrigo, Sircipciv 71^$, *Ap6u ut Soph., tV 
TCfcoDaai'''HP02£N, et 'Aporiip parens. 

U6(Tos, how great ? like "Oo-os. As Ofos, llo7os, 

Uotrrcuos, on what day? — R. tAttos: as Ile/tt- 
xTcuoSf on the fifth day. 

n6trroSt what number? how many or how few? — 
n6<ros, n6(rafros, (as Mfo-aros^) UAaroi, 

UoTtUvios, newly told of, new* fresh, — unheard of. — 
•— B. voTi, alves, a tale, story. Ilort, * towards,' is 
here * near to,' * near in time,' * just or only now.' So 
irphs in UpSa-^ros. 

TloTOfibs^ A river.— B. vorhSf drmkable, in opp. to 
sea-water. iSschyl. : tH-frorov p4os. And, ^ct ire- 
Siov e6-jiicyci irdry. * Potts rivis,' Virg. 

TLordofjuu, to fly, verafAOt, 

UorcardSf ' same sense and B. as Tloiait6s: Dnn. 

n<^€, when : B. ir4 j, ir^; re (^'XP^f'V^t as^Ore is $ t€. 

USrtpos, which of the two ? ^ B. ^ir6s, which, and 
It€/n>s, one of two : Which one of two ? 

Uoriipy Tloriipiov, a drinking-cup ; n^ijs, a drinker ; 
Tlorbv, drink, potus. -^ R. fWw, irdatOj tr6ffis, ir£y«.^ 

IIotI, soft for npori. 

nirtfJLOSf drinkable, fresh, therefore sweet and pleasant 
See noriip. 

ndr/ior, what falls to one's lot or befals us ; — lot, 
destiny. — B. f ireVw, f weiroTa, irlirrw, to fall : firc^riftof, 
v^Tfios. As Casus from Cado. 

IliJTfa, U6rvta, honorable, revered, lady, mistress, 
powerful over, as ir&rvia 0ripwy, like Hor. * potens Cy- 
pri.' — As n^Jr/xoy, from fireTft;, trhrora, to &11 : Before 
whom one falls down. 

UoTvla above is applied to many goddesses : but U6* 
rvtcu is partic said of Ceres and Proserpine, and IIoti^i- 
(2$€s of the Furies and the Bacchanals. 

UoTyidofjuUf to cry to the UdryicUj invoke, implore. 
Much as Veneror from Venus, Veneris. 

Tlovy where ? irou, anywhere, anyhow. — Like 05. — 

Iloby, g. iro8by, pes pedis, a foot ; — the lower part, as 
of a mountain : — * Ilodes are the two bottom comers of 
the sail ; and the ropes fastened to them, the sheets :' 
Ldd. — Fifom obs. fird«, ^vlu^ fri4(wy to press firm or 
close. See 'fU6o» in f IIAQ, and UwfM, a lid. So from 
fir^o) were fHhSj f ireSbs, Pes^ pedis^ nc8iA.oy, Ilc^a, 
Uelioyf&c.: -80s, as 6c/its, Ge/iiSos. (2) 'Chald.^^aA, 
incedo:* Mrt, (3) no$-, allied to foot^fot Icel , voet 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Datch, &c., called by Serenius * a very ancient word, 
seen in all the Scytho-Scand-dialects.* Pada, Sanskr. 

jn6»f to press hard : in f IIAXl. 

fnSofj to drink : in Iliuto, 

npSyfiay aros, a thing d^ne or doing, deed, act, trans- 
action, occapation, business, trade. -^ R UpdaaWf wi- 

UpayfiaTt^fxeUf am engaged in, busy with, traflBc, 
&c.: TLpayfiariKhs, pragmatic^ conversant in business. 
' — Above. 

npayos, as IlpSy^a, a thing, affair, public affairs, 
weal.— R. vpdurffUj triirpdya. 

TlpouT(&pioy, the Lat. prcBtorium. 

TlpdiCTupy an exactor of debts and fines. — B. vpda- 
ffofxai^ ir^nptucratf to do one out of, extort 

Ilpdjuyctos, Pramman (wine), from Mount Pramne 
in Icaria. 

npAy, for n/K^av, np^K Formerly; — lately, i.e. 
a little before. Allied to IIp^ and TlptV. 

Tlp^os^ npaXfSf mild, soft, meek. — For Tlipaos, from 
irepcutf, 'to penetrate or pierce right through/ Ldd., so 
opposed to Impenetrable. Greg, from vcpdot, * transeo : 
i.e. tv-vp6(rtroSf accessible.* (2) *R, ^oos, easy;* 
Dnn. But the n ? Elsewhere he refers it to vp6 : 
Inclined to, disposed to. Bather from vapal, firpal, 
Lat. prcB. 

TLpavlSes^ the midriff, diaphragm, — heart, mind. — 

* Allied to ♦/)(iC«, [*/)(if«/zot, to think,] *p^y :' Dnn.— 
Or to ^pdaaooy whence Aid'<ppayfia, (2) For irop- 
-air(5is. See 'Avi^as in 'AircJSis. (3) Some from 
wpaoSf as "ES-tfjpav from 4>p^v shows an affinity between 
IIpoos and npavi^fs, Mrt. from vpdcoj ti-anseo, pe- 
netro. — In form, compare ^AIIK, ^AIIIAEX 

npcurla, a bed in a garden. — * Perh. fi-om IIPASON, 
a leek : A bed of leeks :' Ldd. * So Aaxwfuu was 
said. Some from v4pas^ an end, border :' Dnn. 

XlpwriSy a sale. — R. irep(£o0, f 7rp(£cD, to sell. 

Up6aaoixtu,y to require, exact, extort, i.e. DO one out 
of. — From 

Ilpixram^ to do, act — R. TtpAu^ irpdw^ as fTcbf, 
Tdatrw • To go through, accomplish. And T^affoo is 
to accomplish a journey, which Dnn. thinks corroborates 
the above. (2) R. ircpas, x€pdff<rco, as 'AvAtrcrce : To 
bring to an end. (3) * Hebr. brdj creavit :' Mrt 

UpaUbs : in Ilpaos, 

lipifufov^ the root or bottom of anything ; bottom of 
the trunk of a tree. — ^'No doubt akin to Tlpvpiyds :' 
Ldd. (2) Scheide for vnrpnpiivoVy burnt, from irp^dw. 
£ as "ESyo, &c. Or used for burning. 

npciTM, am conspicuous or distinguished in look, or 
voice, or scent, or dress ; — also in conduct and behavior 
am seemly, fitting, worthy. — ^'R. ir^po), vefpv, ircpe(»:' 
Bnttm.: i.e. firp^w, irpivm^ as /SA^IIw, IpiUa. Bnttm. 
understands the prim, sense of f Wpw * to break forth, 
become perceptible.' * To pierce, prop, to force through :' 
Dnn. — Or irtpdv, to pass^ and so surpass. 

• nptfirwy am like. Thu4 ' She irp^irci is as conspicu- 


ous as a queen to look at,* i.e. she is like a queen. Thud 
EfSo/im, ' to appear,* is also ' to be like,' and Videor, to 
seem like.— Above. 

UpdaSvSj old, aged; — a chief, prince, ambassador, 
as gen. elderly. — For trpdius, as \42xn : from irp4iruj 
(as B in j^^m^w,) to be dbtinguished among others, just 
as r4pwv is allied by Dnn. to Ffpas^ honor. * The hoary 
head is a crown of glory ^^ &c.: O.T. (2) Scheide 
allies it to Lat PRIScus through irplv, &c. Compare 
U4pv<rt, (3) Pkh. from 'fvpo-eff^fiSij as advanced in 
years. (4) Bos from •nop€-(r4€vs, from v6p(0j paroj 
(r4SaSf as conciliating veneration. 

UpevfitviiSj of a mild temper. — R. irpijfts, irpa&s, 
gentle ; fJiiyoSt mens^ disposition. For Trpridfieviis. 

Upriyoptt&if : for Uporiyope^y. 

Upii$w, <r«, nlfivpTifu, UprjfjMivUf to blow out, swell 
out, force out : — blow out into a flame, set on fire. — As 
Aatw is to bum, from f $(ic0 to divide, so Ilpiidto from 
Ttpdo}, firpdu, to pierce, * prop, to force through*, (Dnn.) 
(2) R. vvphSf firvpcw, firp€» : To set on fire. 

UpTiv^Sf promUy headlong, steep. Uprq^v, "^ph^j a 
prominent part of a mountain. ' R. irpV ^oi^ ''^P^^i i^p^i* 
Dnn. ^npriiov^ R.irp<J:* Ldd. The adverb Up^p is 
rather contr. from Xlfx^f, before : so Tlphy is for Upc&riv, 
There is also Up^v (= TlpTiii>Vj) which from irpb, or 
Kph tiv, or, as some say, tcpo-idov, 

Upiiaffw : in Tlpdcraot. 

Il/wjoT^p, a fiery whirlwind. R. vpi\Bto^ tr4irpvi(rrau 
Also, a poisonous serpent which inflamed the body. 
' Rubor igneus ora Succendit,' says Lucan of it 

nplofiMj to buy. -^' Akin to Ilepduy Ilfpvdoo:^ Dnn. 
I.e. to pass over to myself. Indeed all derive from 
V€pdu : 'firpdvj ^irplwy vpltifii in Etym. M. 

XIPIAIIGS, PriapuSj the god of gardens, worshipped 
in a licentious manner, and used for II^os. — Q. ? 

IIpli', before; — -before that — Allied to Ilpb, and 
perh. short for comparat. \vplov^ like "Akiov, i. e. prius. 

Ilplarts, * a large fish, as if XIp^oTts {which some 
read), the Spouter, from vp-fiBw: according to Buttm. it 
never =: irplcmjs, the saw-fish. — A ship of war, prob. 
from its shape; and a cup, for the same reason:* Ldd. 
*A ship,' as in Virgil: * Velocem Mnestheus agit acr! 
remige pristmi^ where Pierius derives it from wpf«, 
iren-piOTou, from cutting the waves. 

Ilpla, *to saw, cut through, divide; — gnash the 
teeth ;^^ bind fast; — become inflamed with anger,- 
which may be referred to the sense Gnash. — Buttm. 
after the Etym. M. establishes an affinity with Up-fidw, 
Compare also frplaris and irpHtrris:* Dnn. And allied 
to XlepcUD, IIpdcD, to pass through, then irplu, as in the 
allied word irpIoMot. As reipo;, repiw^ ^repiu, f rplw, 
trwij rplSM^ so w«/p«, wfp^w, f ircp(u, wp(«. 

IIp^, before: ^ — for. — As &irAI and &VO, so irapAT, 
firapO, irprf. 

npSiaroyj a sheep, a goat: even a horse, but espec. 
the others, and from wp^, f /Siw, ficdvcoj as walking for* 
ward as it eats. Yet perh. of cattle going before 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



the shepherd: 'The flock before bim stepping to the 
fold :* Thomson. * The oxen Trpo-ytvQVTOj and the 
shepherds €jrovro\ II. <r. 525. Thus in the 0. T.: * I 
took thee from foUowmg the sheep.' 

XlpO'fiocrKlSf proboscis^ an elephant's tmnk. — R. 

Tlpo-rtyopt^Pt a bird's craw, — R. ayelpVj ijyopa: 
Where first the food is collected. 

Upo% Upol^^ a gift; — dowry. (KotA) vpoixa, by 
gift, without cost, gratis. — Hemst. from irpb, Tk« Z^w 
to go. As Gen. 32. 20 : * I will appease him with the 
present that goeth before me.' Shaksp. : * If money go 
h^ore, all ways lie open.' (2) R. irpo-tirffofiau, l^opfiu. 

Upotffffoiuti, loixM, to ask a vpoiKa gift.— Referred by 
Dnn. to ripo-ttrxM, to hold forth the hand. Then transp. 
frpotxo^ofuu, wpotffaofieu. 

UpdHUj instantly. — Lenn. from vph, much as a&rfKA, 
'^I'^KA. Right forward. (2) For (icar^) irpc^Ko, (as 
(fcar^) UpoiKo,') from vplb^ a fawn. ' Like the bound- 
ing roe.* 

Ilp6\oSos, * the crop of a bird : equiv. to rh vpo- 
-XofiSdvfiv [or trpO'Kaefiy] r^v rpwpiiy. Written also 
Up6'fio\os:* Dnn. O, as rdrrOpa, marmOris. 

IlpO'finBiis, fore-thinking : allied to Mtjtis. 

UpO'fjLVTiarlyot^ one by one, one after the other. — R. 
fi4vWf to wait: Each waiting for the one before. Buttm. 
writes Upofituta-TTvot, Or tM«''^«, t/*"**! Conned like 
'ffu/dcoy fivdofKu* 

np6fju)s, *the foremost man, champion: lat a chief 
Ttp6:* Ldd. So H wos, "Atios. Or for Il/xJ/xaxos. 

Upovuir^s^ forward, headlong. — Supposed = vpo- 
•aoiriiSj N added; from &\p urrhs the face : With the face 
. forward. But, as N is wanting, better from irpdj iv- 
'(oTrfi, Thus 

Ili'ovc^iof, before the walls. — R. irp6, Mtria walls. 

Ilpol, TTponds, a roe-buck, or fawn. — Mrt. for IIpo- 
-(£t|, irpO'dXKoSf as impetuously rushing forwards. In 
furm as Upw^. 

npo«ir6T^5, falling forwards. — R. Wtw, firtTerw, 

UpO'-miKaiciCa), to fling irijA^v mud in one^s face, 
treat with indignity. 

np6-'jroXos, as 'AjU^f-iroAoy, one serving before his 
master. — R, iroKita, 

Uponrpftjiv^ ^ Tpo-TTprivijSj forward, inclined to do. 
See Upr)(&K 

UpdSf towards, to; — near to, at; — in addition to; — 
in regard or respect to; — from towards, from. — For 
wdpos. (2) For irp6 4s, 

Tlpo(rtX4(Of to iJl-use, maltreat. * Dawes from Tp^s, 
i£\os: To bemire,like Xlpo-irTjAafc/^w. Butirpt/ff- is long 
in this word. Dawes refers it to the dif^amma, ITpoj- 
-ft\euj supported by Felia derived by Dion. Hal. from 
eXoj. Person proposed Tlpov(r€\€(a, as the Gramm. give 
npovcrtWu as an old word : And is followed by Blomf. 
4nd Dind. and the Ravenna MS. of Aristoph. :' Ldd, 

Bpoffifvhs, kindly, weU disposed j — inclined to, su?* 

able to. — F. irp6s, imfi^is. (Z) R. V^: Coming 
readily to the bridle: opp. to £f-frsenis. (3) R* 'po^"- 

np6(r6tf before. — Tlpds, UpdffWj UpSauBif Tlp6(T6€f 
as 'Oirf<r«,''Oirt(r6€. 

npo(r-iraxos, striking upon, sudden, new, recent. — R. 
vcdta, to strike. 

np6a<rodty, ssz irp6tr»diP in Up6(rB€, 

Tlp6a'^roSy recently slain. — R. ^to; , as in 'Apijt- 
(fMTos : vpds^ near to, near in time. Compare IIot- 
-odvios. And see Tlp6ffwatos, 

Up6(ra, forward.-'— R. irpoy. Ewing from vp6, Dnn, 
curiously thus : ' R. (»/>««,) wp<J.' 

UporalvioSf recent : like Uoralytos, for Xlorl is the 
same as TlporL But Uporaivl t&v rai^wv in Eurip., 

* before the ranks;* which Ewing firom xpo»rftyui rather 
tAiiw, whence rAivla, 

npSrepoSj before. — 'R. irp6:^ Dnn. As in 'H/iere/ws: 

Or a comparative : More before. Compare Ilpwros. 

nporl, as Ilpbf , towards, before. Perhaps vpo, ri : 

* a little before.' 

XIptJ-Tovof, ropes extended from the masthead to the 
bows of a ship, &c — R rtltfco, revw, tendo^ rirova, 

UpoSytiKoSf npodviKOSf *from rrp6, iyeyKfiy, [a. 1. 
IjueiKUj'] bearing burdens, a porter : and like npo-^epJ)s, 
[ferens se in,] lustful:' Ldd. 

UpO'<p'fiTrjs, a propliet — R. irpb, ^fii, 

Upo*xdvri,A pretext. — Valck. for npo-fx<^) ^fom 
Ix^: As held out. 

IlpeJxw, for rip^vi;, *irph, y6w : With the knees for- 
ward, i.e. kneeling: h.Te'6\tovrai trpSxw kouc&s^ Horn., 
may be brought upon their knees, i.e. brought low and 
perish. Then, from ignorance of the true signif., it 
was used for, entirely:' Ldd. 

IIPTAEES, 'heavy-armed infantry, opp. to those 
fighting in chariots;— 'hence, as infantry are usu. in 
close masses, crowded. Akin is IIpi^Ats, a dance by 
armed men:' Dnn. — Perhaps Moiic for UpoiKe^s from 
irphy KKt}: Before the ranks. Some compare prcelium 
and Sanskr. jTra^a^a. 

Upifiyat the poop or stem of a shipi 
Ilcpas, the end, whence obs. fr§pi60f 
•fneTrpvfj.vhs, whence Upv/xvhSf the hindmol 
SiairpTa-ioSf Tr4pT<ri. 

Up^raj/iSj a prince, rtiler; — president, 
50 of them : IIpuTai'eTo*', the presidents' I 
court, and UpuTaveM, sums deposited io^j 
mencing a law-suit to defray the costs* • - 
fTTptfroy, jfirpSravLS, Trpi/Tons, as /f"*^**- 

IIpcoTji', from '' 
before, just "*"■ 

npwT, H' 







"Ettoktos : Advanced forward. (3) K. irpo-f/ceu, Trpo- 
tKr6s : Coming forward. 

Tlpwt^: in npTjwi'. 

npw^, oj/cos, a dew-drop. — R. rrpcdt, at mornj firpoi- 

K^S, f TTpUJKtfy. 

np^pa, or TTp^pa, prora^ prow of a ship. — R. irp^. 

ripwTos, first : irph^ TrpdraroSj most forward, Trp6aT0S, 

IlTalpWj Urapwixat, to sneeze. — Tliese and IITiL/aj 
Lenn. brings well from the sound IIT, as SN in English 
in SNeeze, SNore, SNort, &c. 

nrafw, to stumble against, fall against: i.e. fffcVw, 
f-n-cTcto), -firTdfo, TTTalo), to fall: fireVw as in ITpo- Trends. 
See fneTf'w. So nn^crcaj, IlTtifffl-w. 

riT^^, aKh^jO. hare, i e. a timid animal; and nTa?|, — 
allied to nT-^ffo-oj, |a), and TlTtoaffw, |&j. 

IlT€A€ot, elm. — For fneToAea from vfraKov. i.e. 
full of leaves. * Foecunda) frondibus ulmi:' Virg. — Or 
from TrcTctw, f irrctw, to expand : patuluj says Ldd, So 
IleTtjAos is out- spread. 

TlTfpU, fern. — R. irT^pSv: from its leaves resembling 
feathers, * pennata' Plin. 

Tlrepva^ a ham, as Uepva^ pema. So TlToKts, UT6- 


Urdpt/a^ a heel : IlTfpvi^caj to trip up. Urepva is 
aUo ' met. the foot or lower part of anything : ' Ldd, — 
Mrt. and Ewing from Trarew fepa, aa treading the 
ground; thus Atirepvris perh. from Atirw, f epo. IlaTf- 
plvUj irrepva. Or it may be simply from Trarew, frrew. 
The Latins from Calx, the heel, formed Culco, to 
tread.— Note Lat. liybERNA. 

IlTfpdvy riTfpul, a wing ; — any winged creature, 
hence omen, fate; — anything like wings or feathers. — 
As riereti'ds, '\UT(iviiSj winged, from ircVojuat, f Trrrfjuat, 
or fTTTeoyuat, to fly. 

rir^pu^, as nrepo*', a wing: 'anything that hangs like 
a wing, 1. a rudder; 2. the flaps or sl^irts at the bottom 
of a coat of armour; .3. the edge of an axe, sword, or 
knife; 4. the lobe of the ear, lungs; 5. wing of a 
building :' Ldd. 

nrrjvdSf winged ; as Tlereiv^s. 

UriftTfrtffj to crouch or cower down through fear: from 
f irrdw, fTrt^crcw, WTOiw, to fall, fall down. So n€7rT7?is 
is, frightened. 

nrlAoy, a feather; a wing, aa UT€p6v. ' Of feathers 
some are called "--'Xa, some riTepo:' Schol. Aristoph. 
/.— *Son^ " yfii, Prob. from t/AAw:' Dnn. 

^which the eyelash f«« *^^' off- — 

And Leim. from f Wcv, ▼t^'C'') ^ squeeze, then pound, 
grind. (3) Allied to UtIw^ to spit out. 

IIt^ fear; IIto^v, to frighten, scare, noake to flatter 
or be excited : — allied to Urtitraay to crouch, nr^o-crw. 
(Z) B. irhofMi, firnj/xeu, to fly, and so flutter. 

IlTiJAf /ios, IlrdAis : for ndXtifioSf n6\is. So x^aam- 
\6sy iipQlfios, 

nrdpOoSy a young branch, shoot, sucker, sapling. — 
'Like TlTtpoi^y a wing, from icerdw, fwrclw, fxr^, 
fiTTffpw. "fiirrSpefiv, to expand:' Hemst. * Paiulis 
mmis; Cic * R. wT<fc», op^^Jj :' Mrt. (a) * Akin to 
^T6pev, Xrdpev^:* Dnn. ? 

TlritKoSt for Tl{>€\os : as TlTSXtfJLOs. 

ITr/ipfltf, the same as IItocci), nri^Nrcrw. 

IItvov, a winnowing-fan. — R. irrvct : As spitting out. 

nri>(, vx^s, a fold, layer, leaf, plate: — the flat plate 
of a ship's stem. Ilrvxcs, * a hilly, or the sides of a 
hilly country, which, viewed from a distance, appear to 
be in folds :' Ldd. — From • 

nT&aaWf |ctf , to fold up, double. — Allied to nerdu, 
f nrdctf, to lay one thing over another. So TItv^ is a 
layer. (2) Passow allies it to Hvkvos^ as 'hT6\is, And 
see n6\ri. Compare Uria-au, 

TlrveOf to spit. — From the sound ITT, as nraff>w, to 

Ur&fjutt a fall :— dead body, as Cado, Cadaver. — B. 
fir^Tw, to fall : fircrciw, firT(J», ^jcitrrafiat. So 

Ur&ffiSj a fall. — Above. 

nrc^o-o-ctf, to crouch, from f irT<J«, firT(&(ro9f to fall, as 

UruxhSf a beggar, as crouching and cringing.— 
Above. So IIt^^ is crouching. 

nTAN02, wheat boiled whole; — others make it a 
mixture of boiled barley and pulse ; — and Ldd. explains 
Uudyios ' made of beans,' so that thus Uvayos would = 
Kffafios, As AiJKos, luPus ; Koibs, Uoios, Yet Q. ? 

Ilt/ap, Uvos, Ilvcr/a, the first milk after calving that 
curdles in the second stomach of ruminating animals, 
and called beestings. — AlUed to HvKyhs^ thick, Ilv/ca, 
thickly. Called in Lat. 'coagulum,' i.e, coagulated 

IIvT^, the rump, buttocks. Hence H^-apyoSf ' white- 
ramp, esp. of an antelope, and an eagle :' Ldd.-— Allied 
to UvKyhs, like 

Hvyfi^j a fist, pugnus ; — space from the elbow to the 
knuckles, (compare IItJxw,) whence TlvyfuuoSj n pigmy ^ 
dwarf, i.e. only so much in height. — Above. 

nvyu^Py the elbow ; — and the distance from the elbow 
to the first joint of the fingers, as Uvyfiii. 

IlvSapi^w, to hop, dance. — The Et M. makes it » 
7ro5op(f«, from T<<5«y : To kick the feet about. — Some 
read Uvyapi(Wf to kick the irvy^ with the feet 

riucAos, a tub, trough, pail, vat; — a coffin. — As it 
means a bathing-tub in Aristoph., Buttm. supposes it 
soft for TXi(\oi from firAi5«, tAvi/w, to wash. Dnn. 
prefers the old deriv., * as a vessel in which milk is set 
to form irCoj cream,' 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



n^ioi, four pencms at Sparta who consulted the Py- 
ikian or Delphic oracle. — From 

IIi^io^, Pythian or Delphian, as epith. of Apollo: 
•The Pythian Apollo. — From IIv^, P^tho, ' older name 
of that part of Phocis at the foot of Pamassns, where 
'lay Delphi : — also Del^i itself :* Ldd. Bat some from 
Tlv6ifv ; and some from tc^o/uoi, to enqaire of. 

nvBfjL^j bottom, base, trank, abyss. — Allied to Bu- 
4bSf bottom : fBud/iliw. And to U^ficeros, 

niBWf to make to rot : as Lat. puteo. Allied by all 
1o n^s, purulent matter. And this n6os is also the 
first milk after bringing forth, biestingSf the same as 
n6ap. These last are allied to n^wa, TlvKpht thick ; 
and 80 is U6os^ pus, puralent matter ; as Pliny, when 
distinguishing Sansniis and Sanies and Piu, says : ' Pw 

Tlvdd: in TlMtot, 

nv^r, ^ the serpent Pyihon, slain by Apollo, thence 
snrnamed the Pythian:* Ldd. — R ir^flw, dtHBoVy as 
having rotted on the spot, and so giving its name to 
nvdtly, Delphi, (a) Wr. fnMn Hebr. pethen^ a serpent 

n^wy, from Apollo being so called, was applied to 
any diviners, and even to ventriloquists.— 'Above. 

nOKOy thickly, closely, — strongly ; — prudently, care- 
fully. Hence nuKA(et, to make thick or close, cover up, 
shut up, &C. And TlvKivhSf UuiephSf thick.--^These are 
allied to B^, to fill quite full: and to M{fta. See 
TI^Ar;. Through obsol. »^«. 

uiicrnsj a boxer, pugU, pugUUt : — allied to U^fiij, 
the fist, and IlvKvbSj close, Lat. pugmu : and n^(, with 
the fist Above. 

• UuktU, a writing-tablet — Soft for nrujcrlj, from 
^rriffffUf firrvfCTcu, to fold. * Said of folding tablets, 
two thin plates of wood, one foldmg upon another:' 

n^Ai}, a .gate, entrance, pass;— •'entrance into a 
country through a mountain-pass; hence n^Aeu, the 
fisu. shorter name for dcp/uo-ir^Acu, ThermopykBy the 
pass from Thessaly to Phocis, considered the Gates of 
Greece: — narrow straits:' Ldd. -r Allied to BiW, to 
close, and n^ica, and Mvw. The French say, ' Fermez 
la porteVfrom./Srmtw. 

TlvTioySpaSf a deputy sent to the &70p& Council at 
n^Aoi PylcB. 

' nvXcfil>y, a wreath. — * Prob. from ^i^XXoy, folium ;' 
Ldd.— Or allied to Bik0, n^wa, nvKi^oi to cover. 

Uityuoeros, hindmost — All say for TliSiwros from 
IIvtf/AVt the bottom. Then for UiAiiw^aroSy as Imus 
from Inferissimus. Compare 'BvB6s. 
' nMa^f fundus Lat, the bottom. — * It has a com- 
mon origin with Ilutffi^y.' Dun. And Bv06s. Thus: 
^^Oa| or irMof, ir^0a(, (as ftdHOdiw,') irdy8a|. As 

UwOdyofuu : in XltiBofiuu, 

• IIi5^ : in U^tcnis. 

Hv^Sf a 5(KB of nYEOS box wood, pya^» 

nSoy, /Mtf , puniienl matter : in XlMv. 

Ilvos : in Uvap, 

Ilinra^, ITi^inra^, ezcl. of wonder or admiration, like 
noiroi, ncnraT, PaptB, 

Tlvp, g. mtphSf fire. — As ytlvtOf 7eyowi, yitV^, so 
rcfpw, 'xeropa^ wTp^s, to pierce through, i. c. penetrate 
as fire, like Aaiw and ^u^ which both mean prim, to 
divide or cut Horace has * dividit iffnffntsJ So some 
ally it to n/kU, TlfHiBu, Compare T also in fiVOos, 
t^fi^f VfiTptSf «cT^A($, itfVfjLOf irfCpiSj espec. 8to- 
TpTtrtof , and in a kindred word wpTfUfo, (2) Many 
ally it to ' Fire : a very ancient Scytho- Phrygian word,* 
says Serenius. * Sax., Icel. fyr^ Germ, /ctcr ; * Todd. 

nvp^, a funeral pile : Above. 

nTPAMI J, /Joy, a pyramid. — ^ The old Gramra. from 
wSp, g. m/p^y, from its conical appearance: — most likely 
an Egyptian word :' Dnn. » From the Coptic bour-ormit, 
a cave of the dead :' Volney. * Hebr. bar^moot^ pit of 
death :' Wr. 

irrPrOS, B^pyos, a tower, turret, rampart ; plur. 
the city walls with their towers, — oblong square or 
column of troops like a tower. — Derived by many from 
«t;p, like the above, as mounting in the air, like fire : 
fri^purof , f T^pKos. Too metaphorical It is found in 
the Arabic and Sanskrit, and in nearly all the European 
dialects : bftrgh, Edin-burghj St Peters-6t»y, ice-6er^, 
&c. See Tl4pyafiop, 

Tlip(6pov, a hot spicy plant, fever-few. — ^And 

Tlvperbs, fever. — R. wDp, mpSs : From its fiery 
nature. As Febris from Ferveo, Ferbui, fFebrui. 

ITDp^y, ' the stone of stone-fruit ; — hard bone of fishes ; 
—round head of a probe ;— Any GRAIN of salt :' Ldd. 
—Allied no doubt to ni;p^s, *pl. divers kmds of GRAIN :* 

nvpidn^s, beestings, = nvapirns from vvap, 

Tl^pvov, wheaten bread. — R. wvphs, wipiyov. 

nifpbs, wheat : * pi. of divers kinds of grain. TJsn. 
derived from irSp, from the red-yellow color of wheat :* 
Ldd. And so Dnn. (2) * Or Hebr. bar, wheat :* 

nuf^a^itf * a red-colored bird, prob. a sort of wood- 
pigeon [*ignaria,* Steph.] : — a reddish olive:' Ldd. 
— Kinff^s, 

nrPPIXH, a morris-dance, the pyrrhic dance. Pliny 
says that PyrrAtis instituted the dance in Crete: others 
say that one Pyrrhichta did so. But ? 

Uvf^ixiosj a pyrrhic foot v/ v/ : ' much used in the 
Tlv^ixn) war-song :' Ldd. 

Hv/i^s, UvpffhSf flame-colored, of bright gold. — B. 

Hvpahiy firebrand, torch. — R vvp, 

Uiiaris, enquiry ; — tidings on enquiry. — B. irwOd^ 
vofJUUj fir«^», viirwrrai, 

Tlvria^ a= Tverla and wSop. — Also a kind of cake, 
made with beestings, as it seems. See Ilvap. 

nvrlieo, to spit, spirt out ; — taste, try: Lat. pytisto, 
pyiitma, — *A frequeotat of Ilr^:* Dnn. Pezf. wc^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



iTTwrat, iTTwrrfetf, nvrlfw. So T lost in IIumtIs for 


UvTlvri, * a flask covered with plaited willow-twigs :* 
Ldd. — B. fir^, trfittnaif = fipa, to shut up, like 
XluKdQ»^ "A/i-Tvl, UvKyds, 

ndiyoovy a beard. — As ^AvOtpeiiv from AvBos, so from 
T6a herbage was Tlodyiup, Utiyoiy : somewhat as ^Sxd. 
ydy. Perh. through f iro(iC(0) trtTSauca. 

IIctfAco/uu, like Lat. ' versor/ to frequent, am con- 
versant' with. See ncAci>. So niTOfuuy Uardofjuu, 

Ha\4», to sell : allied to *Zfi-iroXdofMH^ *£/u.iroA^, 
i.e. Wersor inter/ as above, — go about, frequent places, 
deal in them. Above. 

Tl&\os, a foal, colt, youug Jiorse, a youth, maiden. — 
R. fraofuu, ^vdof, patco^ po^i f ircCoXos, «»A05, (See 
nous) : Feeding and doing nothing else. See Kt^^i'. 
(2) ' For TcddKoi, B. ir<{a, &Wo/juu :' Ewing. Leaping 
among the grass. ? (3) Don. compares pulhtSf Sax. 
fohf Germ, fohkn, our yba/. So tad-|}o20. 

nw/xa, a draught, — drinking-cup. — B. irlyo), irc^crw, 

n«fia, a cover, lid. — From the obs. t*«^«i or t*^» 
firc0,fir(2Yw, ir^Tvv/At, allied to Iltc^ctf, nvK^C<» to cover. 

i3^a>, to stop up, &c. (a) ' Chald. pum, a mouth :* Mrt ? 

n<6/xaXa, ^ for Ilwf /i^a ; how in tlie world ? hence, 
not a whit :' Ldd. Or, by a polite mode of speech, for 
Oi irto /uUa : As the French say Merci, (No) I thank 

n«po5, ' tuff-stone, friable and porous , — also as 
ir6pos, a kind of marble like the Parian ; — stalactite in 
caverns; — chalk-stone, &c.:' Ldd.-** Very probably 
from its texture (as ponnu) from ircip«, wtTopOf to 
penetrate :' Dnn. 

nwpt^, to turn into T&pos stone, harden. 

n«y, how ; n»y, in any way. — From ir<J$, dat. pL 
xo7y, quibns modis. So 07 is *i^, OUoi is oic^, 

UuSf I wish thatk — L e. that there were some way 
how 1 Above. 

JlondofuUf the same as n^oficu. 

Ilwl), a flock of sheep. <—R. fWoi, frw, patcOf paviy- 
to feed : as Jloifi^v, a shepherd.— Or iriofiai, "fircifuu, 
to acquire, possess, as Kriofuu, KTijvos : Cattle being 
the chief property. 

IlwOy^, * an unknown water bird ;' Ldd:-*- Allied per- 
haps to Uufxa drink, Poto to drink, from f t^oi, f t£j 
ircdo-tf. Compare n«D» 


•Po, for^Apo. 

'Po^do-o-w, ^ApaSdatrw, *to make a noise, esp. by 
beating time ; *A^^§o|, a dancer, and met» a brawler :' 
Ldd. So Lat. rabula^ is a brawler, wrangler, allied by 
Todd to our rabble. — * The same origin as 'Apdaffw^ 
'Pdffffw :* Dnn. More immed. from "ApaSos, 

'Pd68oy, a rod, wand, stick, spear-bhaft, sceptre : — 
streak, line, seam, vein in metals, sunbeam, &c — Ldd. 
compares 'Paris a rod, and our Eap. *?air\s, ^atrlBoSj 

*PayhSj a rent, chink. 'PotSijk, tearingly, violently. 

*VaSafjLyoSf a young shoot or branch. Allied by Ldd. 
to 'VAAivhs, flexible, pliant. So 'PaSwlCuj to move 
to and fro. 

'P&Stvby, * flexible, pliant, nimble, slender, delicate ; — 
met. feeble, soft :' Dun. Compared by Lenn. and Dnn. 
with 'P^5tos, easy« A is short, but is so perhaps from 
the omission of I in *Pcudios, fPalitos, 

*Pa5i|, a branch, switch, rod. — Mrt from /(^Sios, like 
'PoSfvb;, flexible, and ^VoBofwos, (2) 'B. piffffto^ 
as KXc^Sos from kX&» : ' Dnn. See *Paia». 

'V^^ios, 'VrftdioMf *Pi^u>Sj easy, — easy to make or do: 
«-— careless, reckless. •— Mrt. well from pia^ fieia, easily. 
As /tia^'IAIOS, so ^cIAIOS, Pntiios. We find also 
'Pdios, (Z) Sax. rcted, our ready. 

*Pdlia^ to bark, snarl. — Ldd, compares RAbo and 

RAUes. The R was called the dog's letter, Ganlmi 
litera, producing Lat. hiRRio^ iRRio^ iRa, and *P<iC"- ' 

'Pddoyos, Hhe same sense and R as *P6&os)' Dnn. 
See the next. 

•Potfofw, 'Pa0afil(u, TaBdffffu^ to besprinkle: 'VoBd- 
/i*7|, a drop. — R. f ^^, ^i^^deviv, paivw, ^^«, to makd 
to flow. Siee *?alv<a. — ' 'Pa0afu(uf from ^irw ddfia:* 

*Paffoarvyi(Uf to give a slap on the my^ buttock. — 
'B. fiAffffWj irvyfi:* Ldd. That is, through f^oa, 
if^ddriyf whence palu and Ik^ros. 

'Pcu€6s, crooked, bent, bandy- legged.—-£ustath. from 
ip^aykivos fidciy. Beject the latter word: •Pot«, 
'Pai^oj, as KoAoBOS. (a) * Akin to, or from 'Pe/A§« : * 
Dnn. And Scheide compares 'Po/a^w; , {'Poupos^. 

*Pq*(ott am ^^wv easiier, recovering from sickness, rest 
from labor. 

*Pai»(o^ to sprinkle, wet. 'Pcurcrarc, sprinkle, Od. v. 
150. And *E^^<i5aTai. These verbs show a word 
f /^0, allied to /Sew to make to flow, as "E^^h x^ds. In- 
deed nearly all refer it to p4ta. Steph. says: ' Xw, x^^^i 
B&, ^cdif6ff: *P&^ ^ivet.^—Vnn, allies 'Padpot to *Pdaaa: 
but indeed he allies all of these. (2) Allied to our ram.- 

*PdioSf = p4^ios, 

'Pato-T^p, a smasher, hammer. — • B. j^atw, %ppanffrai. 

*Palce^ to break, smash, shiver, ad 'Pio'O'fiD, which like 
Ww, is from f^^M, as Tdu, Tdaffw* So^A^oro^. To 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



f his are allied 'Apdcraw, "ApaJSoSy &c Some think *A- 
pdtrffUf or 'Vdacu the original, and formed from the 
aoand, then softened down to 'P^.— But all these seem 
to be from &(w, (prim, to draw,) f Ipw, ipim, to draw; 
&c : then, like "Ayyvfii from ''Atw, to drag, drag vio- 
lently, break. As to A, observe ^A« to love, which 
is from f^ipw: also A in ^{-cpA», ^{'cpA^o, 9i'4pAfuij a 
funnel by which we draw out. (2) Some compare 
BpdCot, hpdffffUf Bpdxv. (3) * Chald. rea^ to break, 
bruise:' Mrt. And *?dff<ru, or 'P^a-« he brings from 
Hebr. ratZf to break. 

'PcUos, *FdyoSj 'Pvyo'i *• «V. "gg^l garment, rem- 
nant of cloth. B. pAcraw^ [ffftaxK] Ml^^trw. ' Dnn. 

'P«Uos, Bpihcos, a costly female garment.— See Bpdmi 
and 'Pfryoj. 

*PafjLVou<rta^ epith. of Nemesis from her fiunons temple 
at RhamniUf 'PaftvoSi, in Attica. 

'Vofi^lsj a hook: 'Po^i^, a hooked knife. — From 

'PdfupoSf the crooked beak of birds, a bill : and 'Pofi^bs, 
crooked. — Probably from 'Pc/i^, i^^tyupa, to turn 
round. (2) Lenn. allies it (for 'PA^os, as M in ^iMtpa) 
to *APn(iC«i transposed 'PAnd^o') HAPio, Then the 
adjective is * crooked as a beak*. Compare *£P8» and 
'PE(o9, (3) Mrt^ from ^du to break, whence "A^aeros, 
The adj. in the same way again. Or, if we want an inde- 
pendent sense of * bending or crooked', then we can com- 
})are "Ayyv/u to break and Ilcpt-iry^r curved; KXdu to 
break and *0-K\diov in a bent position. 

'Povis, a drop: palyu, 

'PA^, ^ayhs, 'Pi)^, ^hsf a berry, grape-berry. — 
Blomf., Ldd., Dnn., &c. from /Wa», if^ayop, (f^aya, 
to break. ''Pcli|, rock, stone, grape-stone:' £wiug. 

'PoTdnj, a shepherd's pipe. — Perh. allied to 

'Poa-ls, *a rod; *Poirff«, to i2i4P or strike with a 
stick, strike, slap:' Ldd. Brought by Mrt (Compare 
^AIIIS,) from ^alw or f/^dw whence "A-^^arof, and 
'Pdaaot, which last is * mostly, to divide, sever, rend, force 
generally implied', (Dnn.): Bent off. As KXdSos and 
KA^/ia from K\du. 'PoofIp is also, says Hesych., a 
Ilfp6vri i.e. an Instrument for piercing, which agrees 
with the above. (2) Some compare 'Perei) and 'P(hraXov. 

'Pdirrctf, to sew, stitch. — As Hesychius gives the 
sense of Utpdirri to 'Pcnrls, and U§pi6vri is a bodkin, 
'Pdrra might be allied to 'PdtratOf (as Uiirrot to 
ncVo-oF), could the sense of 'Pdo-o-w be modified to that 
of flcZ/Mtf whence IlfpSifJi, — Otherwise, as ipA» in 
^(-«pAa>, i^~4pAftay Bi-dpAfiOy is allied to *Epi'« and 
f Epw, to draw, and to "Apw, to draw together, yotn, sup- 
pose apAM, fdUf pdirr^, as f Ad», Advrat. Compare 
'EpiJw, 'P6w, 'Pinrru. And see further for the A in 'PtUu. 
(3) 'Hebr. r^Aa, to re6t«>re, heal:' Wr. 

'PapiitSf Ceres, to whom was sacred the Rctrian phun 
near Eleusis, whence the Kleusinian mysteries. 

'PdffffWf i«, to strike, smite; — shiver, shatter. And 
'Apdaffw, — See in *Pai», (2) Dnn. makes it an imi- 
tative word. (3) 'Hebr. reU, to dash:' Wr. («) 
Germ, reissetiy to burst 

'PjoToi, most easy: snperl. of *P^i». 

'PtfffTd^mif easiness of doing anything, or of temper,--^ 
ease, leisure, rest. — Above. 

*PapUj a needle, pin. — R. ^mw^ if^a^ to sew. 

•Pdx/o, *PriX^rij from ^<r<r«, ^^Xh to break: *The 
sea breaking on the shore, breakers, surf ; — flood-tide; 

— roar of the breakers, met a crowd of people; — a 
steep shore on which the waves break : ' Ldd. 

'Pdx^o, * a rugged mountain ridge; — an enclosure, 
hedge, fenoe ; — prison : ' Ldd. Above. Prop, broken. 

*Paxi(», * to cleave through the ^dx» back-bone, cut 
up; — vaunt falsely, brag, probably orig. from vaunts 
made as to extraordinary feats in battle:' Dnn. 

'P(ix»»*the back of men or animals, the chine; the 
sharp ridge along the back of an animal, and so the 
back-bone; — anything ridged like it, the ridge of a 
mountain-chain, sharp projection on the middle of the 
shoulder-bUde, bridge of the nose, mid-rib of a leaf:' 
Ldd. Hence the 'Paxirts, the rickets, spinal complaint. 

— 'Like 'Pax© J, B. pdffcun from the rugged appear- 
ance:' Dnn. 

*Pdxos, 'P^xw, 'P^X'?* 'thorn-bush, briar, hedge; — 
thorn-stick, gen. a twig, small branch:' Ldd. — Above.. 

'Pdxof, ' 8 /^dxos, a strip, shred: esp. a piece cut 
from the /k(x(f chine : ' Ldd. 

*P^y: Compare 'P^8(of. 

'P^o, 'Pcio, easily, with or at ease. — Mrt. says: * B. 
P^C^f* as Facilis from Facio.' But the Z ?— Bather 
from |5/», as to be Fluent, to speak with Fluency, from 
Fluo, and an easy Flow of words. * To Flow, to glide 

'Pryicw, 'Pryxw, to snore, snort. — Jones from (Stv, 
the nose. (2) Dnn. from ^ityyviu i.e. irtuvfia, as com- 
monly ^iiyyvfii (ptuyfiv, 

*Piyos, * for 'P^oy:' Dnn. 

'PEAH, in Bev. 18. 13, prob. from the Latin rhetkt^ 
'a Gallic word', Quintilian says. — Schleusn. would 
have better derived it from ^4a than /^c», 'k cefert mutu 
quo ferri solet' 

'P4t0pov, *Pfi0poVj a river, stream. — B. ^4o». 

*P4(<u, fut ^f |», allied to "^pCw fut of ppyv, ^opya, 
to do, make : — to do sacrifice, as Faciam vitul&, Virg. 
* *P4(u and'EpSo) are the same word:' Hemst. 

'P49oSf a limb, — face, — body. — Allied by Mit. 
(through f 'PiJtfos,) to 'Puirfibst 'PvBfihs, proportion, form, 
shape. This seems likely from the identity of ' the root 
PE-, PT-,' as stated by Ldd. in 'Pe», whence he derives 
'PuBfi6s, (2) Greg, makes it an tpiywov^ instrument, 
*each from fpyoa or /^e'C^.' 

'Pc(7}, 'Pco, Rhea, ^ by transp. from "Epo, the earth; 
the very prob. conj. of Passow :' Dnn. 

'P€/A§w, ' to turn round, turn about, roam, wonder, 
waver. Compare 'Pai$<if. Akin perh. also to *P^wai:' 
Dnn. 'PcIIci;, ^e/nBw, as irpctlw, frp4aBus, Observe 
aT4fiBu, (2) Allied to *Pdfi4>os. (3) Ourraffi6/e,Swed. 
ranib. ' Hebr. rom, to be violently moved:' Wr. 

'P«in0, to bend down, inclinei verge, sink.*— ' B. p4ws 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Hemst : » Dnn. From the inclined course of a stream or 
river. la form as /SAEIia, tpEUa. (2) Allied to 
*P^, *Ep6<Oj to draw (down). Compare N€i5» and 

'?€vfM, a flow, flood, stream: — flax, rAetiw, thin 
watery matter oozing through the glands. — B. ^€u. So 


'P^ctf, to say; for *Ep4u, (2) Some ally it to 'P^o), 
to flow : citing II. a. 249 : ' Speech pief flowed sweeter 
than honey from his mouth.' ^ So the Lat. instiUare 
doctrinam. See Deat.32.4:* Greg. So /Yttenc^ of speech. 

'Pea, to flow: and *P^», whence *P^, 'Pvrds: 
hence from *Ep{w, ^to draw, to drag along,' (Dnn.), 
whence puard(wj to drag, and pwo, (Dnn.), pitoyju, 
(2) ^ Hebo. revat to irrigate;' Mrt. 

'Pi}7jua, a fractm-e: and 

'PTry/ili', the sea breaking on the beach, breakers: — 
the sea's edge. — From 

•P^yw/Ai, to break: allied to 'P^<rcr« and 'Pdaffu; 
see 'Paffitf. 

*P^os, * a coverlet, covering for a bed or seat. Pas- 
sow, through 'Pc^o5,from pityvvfiiy'm the sense of a piece 
of cloth : countenanced by BpdKos. But, as brilliancy 
of color is espec. assigned to it, the usual deriv. from 
p4(<» to DY£ seems quite as probable:' Dnn. 'P^C^, to 
do, then to do it well with the hand, as *Opyd(u from 
Ip7a> is to dress leather, macerate, mix. (2) Our rug, 

'PritZtos, ready, easy. — In 'F^ios, 

'P^/io, a word, saying, — a verb, i.e. the principal 
word. — B. ^(w, to say : i^fuu, 

'PrifioSy only in Athen. III. : a peel to put bread into 
the oven. *■ Thought to be the Lat. remttf, an oar, from 
its likeness to which it was called : — esp. as Martpia 
and ^ovpvoSy Materia and Furnus, are there used also :' 
Steph. And remus from iperfihsy ^ptTfibs, ^p€fifi6s, 
. 'P^pf a sheep, lamb : =: ^ap^u, g. f ipeVoy, ipi'rfy. 

'PHIIAI, piles for building on; — only in Diod. S. 2. 
309. — Q.? 

'Pilffffto : in *Pi}jvviu. 

*Pirrtw7, resina, rosin, — B. />€«: Flowmg from trees. 

'P^Twp, rhetor J rhetorician, — B. p4ot, to speak. 

'Pvxht Ion* of 'Pax** 

'PvX^h Ion. of *Pdxos. 

*Pt7oy, shivering or stifihessof the limbs with cold;— 
dread, horror; — frost, cold, FpTyos, Frigna, Allied too to 
BigeOj Rigor ^ Rigidus, 'Piyiov^ more horribly. — See 
in *pf<ro'(»,*pl|,*p£OTj. (2) *Rigo Hebr., to be stiff:' Wr. 

*P(fa, a root. — Much as *v(a is allied to ♦c^, so 
'P(fa to 'pclStf, ipeiSwy to fix firm, press hard : Fixing 
itself or the tree firm. So *Pi(6t0 is to fix deeply or 
firmly. (2) Damm from f Ipa, 1(u : fyiC^i Establishing 
itself in the earth. Or, as X6«, XOt^, simply from 

•PiKvbi, * stiff with cold or shrivelled, hence withered, 
bent, crooked. B. piyoSf "f^iyctyhsy whence we some- 
times find 'PiTvds :' Ldd. and Dnn. (2) For f^irybs, 
B. fJ^», piryvvfux Broken, furrowed. As ^H^jito, rima. 

*Pifi(pay swiftly, fleetly: i.e. with a fling or plunge: or 
with the rapidity of a thing flung. — B. /^Iirrw, ^j^jii/A* 
fim. Or llpPt(pa; M, asxp^Mirro), 6dM€os. 

'Pti', Ply, fityhSf the nose. — As eiv, 0ly, from f^^w, 
riSrifu, so 'Plv, Ply from ^««, ^€ios: From the flowing 
of the nostrils. So 'Pc^wv: and Nasus from Ncuris a 

*Pii07, a file, rasp. — Scheid compares the motion to 
and fro ^arwy of the nostrils, and that of the ^ipri file. 
And perhaps justly. Compare the metaphors in *Pioif 
and KyiifiTi, (2) Mrt. from ^aiw. Somewhat as 
j^e4<»j *9lvwj ^eiva mildew. 

*Plprii a shark with a rough skui used like a file for 
polishing. — Above. 

*PivhSf hide, skin : — shield made of it — Usually 
allied to the origin of 'Pli^, from the fiming from it of 
the humours of perspiration. See t'P*»^ in 'Ptyovxos. 
(2) Short for 'PiKvhs, wrinkled. Somewhat as irTi/irrly, 
TFVKTis, (3) Ourr^ 

*Pivovxo5, a sewer, rinser. Only found in Strab. 14. 

— As 'Pli', *Pivhsy the nose, is allied to *P^« to flow, so 
Coray derives 'PtyoCxoy from a word f^tvJ^ 8 ^o^ or 
P^iSf a flowing, and l^x*^ ^X^ 

'PioVf peak of a mountain: headland, foreknd. — 
Nearly all from ^ly, * The nose of a mountain.' Much 
as KyfifiJi and KptiuSs, 

'P(ir^, swing or force with which a thing j&tirrf rai is 
thrown, — the motion, rush, quivering, twinkling, &c 

— B. filirrUf if^lva, 

'Piirly, a bellows or fan, causing a rush or blast of 
fire or wind. And 'Pwffw, to blow up, fan, — blow the 
fire to boil or roast. — Above. 

'Pxiroy, the same as 'Phjf, 

*PfwT«, to throw, cast, hurl, dash. — Allied to 'E- 
pf (irci>, 'pctiro), and "Epi^oy. (2) * Compare the kindred 
forms 'PcVw and 'PifiScai* Dnn. 

*Piy: in 'Pfi'. 

'Pi:SK02, riscusy a coffer, casket — Jablonski after 
Donatus makes it a Phrygian word. (Bare.) 

*Pli|^, pmhs, a reed, rush: mat or hurdle, — As 
A6vo^ from tovfto^ so *P\i^ from pim-eay yjftay whence 
'Pixrafffibs is a tossing oneself to and fro: * As floating 
in the wmd:' Dr. Jones. 'From its flexibility and 
lightness:' Schol. Aristoph. 

*Poh', a stream: — ^«w, l^f^oa, to flow. 

*Po&y, the flowing or falling off of grapes at the time 
of knitting. —Above. 

'P6yK0Sf a snoring. — B. piyxw, 

'Poyfihsj the same as *P&yKos, 

*P0r05, a rick, stack, barn. — Very rare. A Sici^ 
lion word. 

*Po5<iw;, spun thread, woof or weft. — 'All consider it 
as the fem. oif 'PoSovby, slight, slender. 

'PoSavby, ' slight, slender, lank, easily moved : com- 
pare 'PaStfdy : both from^fStoy : ' Dnn. * Waving, flicker- 
ing :' Ldd. 

'Poltksy a kind of cup made at Rhodes. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



'POAON, the rose, rosa.— Perhaps allied to our 
red, which U in * Welsh rkud. High Dutch rot,' 

'VSOos, 'Poifoj, *PoJg5oj, *P<Jx^oj, a tumultuons, 
rapid or whizzing noise. — B. ^4o», ippoai The sound of 
flowing water. But some consider these words, esp. the 
three last, to be imitative of the sound. — And 'P^x^os 
is deduced bj some from ip4x9»i %pox^^t to belch out. 
— 'V6Qos is also * a mountain path-way, perh. from that 
ofa'P(iof current, a course, which *'P6$os seems some- 
times to mean:' Dnn. 

'Vot€^4o», to suck down with a poiiSBos rushing noise. 
See in *P6dos. 

*Po7(o5 : in 'PoOos, 

'PoiKhSy flowing, fluid, flabbj, soft; — sufiering from 
diarrhoea. — B. /Jew, Ij^^oa. 

'PoiK^s, crooked, bent. — As 'P605 is a stream and 
'PoiK^i is fluid, from /5€«, Ij^^oa, so *PoiKhs Schrevel. 
understands * winding like a stream, bent\ Compare 
'Pirra. (2) R iptlKU, fyouca, 'polKa: Broken, bent. 
See partic. in 'Aytcfj, (3) Some compare *Pai€6s, 

'P6fiSos^ a whirling motion ; — a whirling thing, a 
top, wheel;— the i'homhua or rhomb, a four-sided figure, 
with two opp. angles obtuse and two acute: perh. from 
the unsteady tottering position of this figure compared 
with the square. Also a turbot, from its rhomb-Wkib 
form; — surgical bandage of rhomboidai iorm. — B. 

*P6fina, '=: p6<lnjfjia from po<p4o9:* Ldd. : i.e. p6(pfmy 
pdfjLfJiMj as *Kp€rfihs, ^ptytphs, Bemus. 

'Po/K^fa, a large sword. — B. p€fi6o», i^^oijupa, to 
turn round, turn about. (2) Valck. will have it a 
Thradan word. 

'P6os, stream, &c. — B. ^ia, t^ftoa. 

*P6TtdKov, a club. — B. p^irtc, i^f^oTva : As thicker at 
one end, and inclining that way. Some from pifiiw, to 
whirl. And some compare 'Pairis, a rod. 

*P6va\oy, a knocker on a house-door, as being a club 
or hammer. — Above. 

*Poir^, verging, gravitation; that which makes the 
scale turn, weight, importance, gravity, avail. — B. 
/^eircD, ippoirtL 

'PoTTTphu, the same as 'P6ird\ov. Also, the trigger 
of a trap, being a stick, — or as inclined downwards, 
immed. from /^cir». — 'And a tambourine or kettle-drum ; 
here from p4fi.€cff, to whirl. 

'Povaios, *Pova-(raioSj reddish, rusius, rwseL From 
ipeiScff, fiit. ipevaca, ^ptww, to redden. Steph. says : * A 
color as of the Sinopian red lead, as some say.' O, as 
"Etfi'oy, *OBvC3S', KEpas, cOmu; pEndo. pOndus. 

'Pofpdw, -4o9, to suck or sup up. — ' Akin is *Po04a, 
'PoxBeu, 'Pot(4a, 'Poi€h4<o:' Dnn. 

'PSxOos, * the same as *P6eo5, as MdOos and M6xSos:* 
Dr. Jones. See other derivv. in *P6Bo5, 

'Pua|, uKOSy a mountain torrent — B. p4», to flow, as 
pTrhs is flowing. (2) B. ipvoa, ^tJw, pvard^at, to drag 


'Puh,s, a flow of tears ; — flowing or falling off of hair 
in disease; &c.— 'Above. 

*Pvdx^os, the unstable crowd of the Athenians. — B. 
P^, oKos, But the readings vary. 

*Pi57XOf , snout, muzzle, beak, bill. — Mrt from f^X«» 
to snore: ' For with it the pig snores.' 

'Pd^ctf, -4(0, the same as *Pd(u. 

'Piri, for 4^^, a. 2. of ^piw, p4m, to flow. So 
*PuThs is flowing 

*Pv$tibs, 'PvfffAbs, an easy flow of sound or motion, 
from t^^} 4ffvSriv^ ip^wriixu, p4u, as above:— measured 
movement, as of the feet in dancing, or of the voice in 
singing; — harmonious measure and arrangement of 
words, rJu/tkm, proportion, harmony, metre. And 
'PvOfilCu, to modulate, arrange, regulate, control. 

'PvKovri, *PuyKdinj, a joiner's plane, runcina. — 
Schneid. from \pv<ra<o, ^ato, ^u, ^ffffa, pirY>^M^i 
to break, i. e. breftk away inequalities. (2) Better 
allied to *P&irT», 'Pv/Dt/io, * scrapings', (Dnn.) Simply 
from f |5^, (fipuKUj to draw off (inequalities). Compare 

*Pi//ua, a river. — K f?^, A<», «» 'Pew^to. See frCrov, 

*Pvfia, drawing of a bow; — towing-line; — pole of a 
carriage; — drawing out (k danger, deliverance. — R 

*P^fieo$, Att for ^fiSos, 

'Pifirj, force, violence, rushing or rush. — R fvo/uu^ 
to drag. 

*P6firi, a street, Fr. rve, our row, — As Tractus, a 
Tract of road, so ^Pifi-n from p^fMty traho. * Tractus 
in urbe': Mrt. So 

'Pu/ibs, the pole of a carriage) as 'Pufm, from fivofuu, 
to draw; — trace in harness; — furrow, row, line, as 
Tractus. Above. 

*P{fofMi, to draw to oneself, draw out of danger, rescue, 
shield; — draw back; — draw down the scale. — R 
t|56«, 4p^, to draw, whence *Pi/<rr(£f«. 

*P&iros, dirt, filth : — sordidness, meanness. — R 
P<mra, to remove dirt 

*P{ncos, sealing-wax. Ewing identifies this and the 
former thus: 'filth, dirt, wax'. Thus Rkypodes, 
*Pinr&b€5, was a kind of plaster, 'k similitudine sordium 
appellata', Forcell. 

'Pt/inrdbrat, an exclamation exdting rowers, yoho! 
From the supposed sound. Possibly founded on ^1^, 
to draw on. 

'PtWrrw, to remove dirt, cleanse, wash.-— As Avw, 
A^irrw, so 'P^«, 'Pinrrta, *P\>oyuax, to draw away. 

*p6atov, * prey, booty, seized and dragged away ; — 
what is seized as a pledge or security, pledge, hostage; 
— what is seized by way of reprisals ; claims to persons or 
things so seized,*— ^(drawing from danger,) deUveranoe:' 
Ldd.'-R p^ofJLOi, pvaotuu. 

'*p6<rK0fuu, as 'P^ofiau 

'Pwr/ubs, the same as *Pv6fx6s, 

'Pvahs, drawn up, shrivelled^ contracted.— R. P^fioij 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 



yuffrdfwy to drag; L«t rtto, 6r. ^6o/JuUf i^virrai 
to draw. * Geteros ruterem, prosternerem:' Cic. 

'PuT^p, * a drawer as of a bow ; — strap by which a 
horse draws;— by which one holds a horse, a rein; — 
strap to flog with, (draw a horse on):* Ldd. — B. ^voyuau, 

'Pwrly, a wrinkle. See *Pwr6s, 

'Pvrhvf * a drinking-horn, running to a point, where 
was a small hole, through which the wine ran in a thin 
stream: From ^vr^ flowing, numing, from piwV Ldd. 
or f^iJ», whence 'Prfi|: so 

'Pim68i}s, flowing; — abundant, which is from Unda, 
as Undanti craore, Virg. — Above. 

*P<»7iy, and *Pa>|, a cleft, rent; *P<»7ij Wrpo, a 
cloven rock; the word rocib bemg allied to these and to 
'PmXA^^ ft deft- — B* ^(r« or p^aet, ^^ct, to 
vend. So 

'Pftryfi^, a kind of fracture. — Above. 

*Vu$i»vtSj the nostrils. — ' R. /iew, p&j to flow or nm: ' 
Dnn. As Nasus from f v&rcy, a flowing. 

*Pt&fi7jt strength, vigor, robur, — From 

'PcWv/ii, f'Pc^w, ^^w, to strengthen: i^wrdaiy to 
be strong; l^|&«o-o, be strong, fare well, Vale. 'Pe&ftij above. 
—As '£pw)) is 'force, strength of a man', (Dnn.) so f^cu^ 
and t|S<^, to give strength, make strong. — Dnn. allies 
these to 'Pc6o/uai 'to move with foite and vigor, rush for- 

ward: akin to 'Pc&yvvfu and 'Ptf/Aij, but more remotely to 
'Pi/w, Lat. ruo\ Perhaps too compare 'Opoi^, *OpoOuvUf 
to rouse up, give tone to. 

*Pci>^f g, Ipojyhs, as *Payit5, *a clefk; — the narrow 
entrance of a room ; aoc to some, a side-door or a window ; 
— also as 'Pc^, a grape or olive; — also a venomous 
spider, something like a grape:' Ldd. 

'P<&ofiatf ruoj to rush, rush on, run, move fast: allied 
to *P6ofuUj to draw oneself on. See also 'PvordC^, and 

'PwwoSj small wares, toys, trumpery. — As 'Pdurcru 
makes *PQ,yhSf and 'Aydtrcot *Avfi7w, so 'Pdirrw could 
make priros: Things ^irrh, strung together, as on a 
string or stick, and carried about^ So ffKOXij^. 

'Puaris, strength, 'P«/*i|. 

'Pctfaro^, ' a prop, stand : B. p^mtvyn^ p^ffa (l^^». 
VTau)i^ Dnn. Making things firm. 

*Purcuei(uy to make a wrong «i8e of the letter p, rho. 

*Pa>x/i^y, the same as 'Puyhs, a cleft, gutter, — 

*Ptax/ibSt 'PttjfihSj the same as 'PSyx^s, *P6yKos, 

*P^f g. liwrhs, a low slirub, bramble. 'PciHrcf, 
twigs, brandies. — ' 'P^t allied to, or rather another 
form of 'Pt\f/:' Dnn. (2) B. pivto, as Ilapa-iSA.^ from 
$\iTw : Not towering, but verging to the ground. (3) 
For &p^j &pir6s: R. cprw, Spvo. As *APn^C<v, BAPio. 


J^h liJuf, broad Doric for Tt fofv, 2 and T, as in 22f 
and m, 

2a§(£Ca>, to break to pieces, shatter. — Perhaps from 
the laSol Bacchanals' cry. * The modem Greeks still 
call a madman ZaiS6s :' Ldd. (2) Hesych. explains by 
Ata-(raX€^. Whence B. ffdco, acfoD, acdyUf (rafce^w. 
As*£ov, d!>Fov, uBou. 

"^Scuchst shattered, enervated, effeminate. Above. 
Also, rotten, putrid : but here it might come from aiiiru, 
aair», ^auiraKhSf as auitp6s. 

^aSuKniSf ' a shatterer ; — esp. a mischievous goblin 
who broke pots :' Ldd. — B. ffoSdCu, 

2ABAN0N, a linen napkin. ' Arab, saban : * Mrt — 
A late word. 

2ABBAT0N, the Sabbath. A Hebrew word. 

2ABOI, a cry like Eboi at the feast of the Phrygian 
god 20L6d(toSj whose mysteries resembled those of Bac- 
chus, who was therefore so called. Bowi' (crying out) 
Eboi :Sa6oi, Demosth. * Hebr. seba, to drink hard :' Wr. 

SAFAPUS, an Amazonian battle-axe. — ' Beland says 
it is Persian :* Jabl. 

'idyrif eqmpment, baggage, harness, armonr. — B. 
o-iTtctf, ifftTfOV. (2) * Hebr. tek, to protect :* Wr. 

2ayfiyn (as (reA,HNH,) eagSnOj * a large sweep-net 
for taking a large quantity of fijsh at once. — B. aarra 

iffocfov :' Dnn. ' Dragging with it whatever comes to it : 
B. o-cirrw, as laden with fish taken :* Schlensn. Well, 
for in St. Matth. 13. 47 this net is spoken of ' as gather- 
hig of every kind.* 

2a7l$, a wallet — B. ffdrru^ tvayov^ to equip: as 

^yfjM, a saddle, pack-saddle , — ^large cloak, — cover- 
ing of a shield ; — pile^)f arms. — E. adrrUf <r4<rayijiai, 

^yoSf a coarse cloak. ' Certainly akin to Sayi;, 
^y/xa-: Ldd. 

iddrif = Tcos. Quidni k acSw, iaddrjVf <ralvu^ nt 
"SdKOSf "SdKoSf &c. ? Simpl. k motu : sequ^ ac Penis 
simplic. k Pendendo, seoundhm Forcellini. 

^adfths the same as "XavpSs. — 'Ernesti from (rf)6<ff, 
[(iffoBoy: as Dr. Major, *fnll of chinks like a sieve':] 
Biemer from trda^ [^iadBriv,^ ffeua:* Dnn. Shaky, 
' ioUerinff to decay', says Goldsmith. 

XalvUf to wag the tail, fawn. — Allied to lieioo, to 
shake, through 2(ia>, (as ^Bdu, BaiyUf) found in the 
sense of shaking through a sieve, sifting. So 2aAos, 
salum, is the tossing of the sea. And XTjdw is to sbaice, 
and to sift. 

XalpUy to draw back the lips and show the teeth, 
grin at, mock; grin in mockery. — Perh. from the sibi- 
lant letter 2, as Ernesti observes that :&aipa> implies 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



* that particular confonnatioD of the mouth whence that 
Sibihu HISS proceeds which Hermogenes had in view'. 

SoT/w, to sweep, clean. — 'R ffdw, to move about :' 
Lenn. As Vdu, Yafpw, to mb : and indeed 2cdp» may 
be short for Vaipw. As ^x^ for Y^^X^* 

2air0(8(oi^, *a stringed instrunent named from the 
musician Sacadtu .*' Ldd. 

^KwUpos, * a (T^oSj edKKos, barba, et ii^p ovS/y^f : 
vox Comica pro rit aiSo7a ywmKua-^ Ldd. 

Soicic^, to strain through a cdiacos cloth, «zcA; or 
bag. (a) * Hebr. teejb, to press out :' Wr. 

"ZiKKos^ 'SAkos, * a coarse cloth of hair, Mcindoth ; — 
anything made of this cloth, a tacky bag: — sieve, 
strainer ; — coarse garment ; — also, a coarse beard, like 
rough hair-cloth :* Ldd. — Brought by Dnn. from adrrw, 
o-cVaxa, like ^dyjj, Soyls, :idyf*a. So XcOrras, 2aic- 
T^p, a suck. K, as <^vAaK^. (Z) ' It is observable 
of the word Sack that it is found in all languages :' 

^dKoSf a shield. — Valck. from odm^ ffiffOKa^ prop, to 
shake. Homer has Scuc^cr-iraXof, shield-shaking. (2) 
R. ai», o-fi^^w : As preserving the body from wounds. 
(3) * Hebr. w*, to protect :' Wr. 

'SoKraSy SoiCT^p, like Saicicoy, a sach 

'X&ha, * perturbation. R cdXos :' Dnn. 

taXxxyitOy "ZdKdffffu, (as Xlarteyitt and Hofrdetrw^ 
SoXcikii, to shake, roll as a ship in the trcUos. 

SoAats, a cry of 5<(Ao, distrens. 

TidfJxaVy one who rolls about in his gait and walk, 
swaggers, and so ^SoAc^ is to swagger. See XdKayito, 

JUi\d/i€7i, * aperture, window to ftSbrd issue to smoke :' 
Ldd. Thought by Hesych. to be ^XeXdfiSri from a4\as 
and f i3(ic0. This would mean a window for the * light 
to come ' in at Thus * ippAal for 4>pEa\, mAueo from 
ftEvw*, &c.: (Maitt) — Only in Lycophr. 98. 

2a\fiaKi^€Sj a name for ircupcu, courtesans. — Called 
from ScUmacis, who * inhabited some Carian lake, where, 
on seeing Hermaphroditos swimming, she so closely em- 
braced him that they became one body:' ForcelL (Only 
in the Anthology.) 

Sd^os, «a/um, any tossing motion, swell taUs of the 
sea, — the open sea, — sea-sickness ; — restlessness, per- 
plexity. Also, anchorage. — R <r(£w, prop, to shake. 
As f 4a», ^d\os, 

5c£Airi7|, a war-trumpet; — the trumpeter-bird. — 
R ffdXos, as /icAIItf, rrdpTlTi. From its tremulous rolling 

^dfiaufa^ a ship of Samian build. 

S4/««|, a mat— Made from the 2AMAH the flower- 
ing-rush : which perh. from (rdfw, ff4<raficu, to shake, as 
A6yai from SoWw. (Used only by Chionides.) 

:iafidp9oucos, a mountebank, called by St Augustin 
Sarmadacut; and so prob. from ffopjihsj a heap of 
sweepings, from acdpta^ but used also for a heap of earth, 
whereby it would answer to Mountebank. (Rare.) 

^dfi6a\0Vf JEol. for ^dv^a\ov, 

2AMBi;KH, a triangular stringed instrument Also 

a warlike engine, of like form. — 'Chald. sahbeca :' Mrt. 
» And Hebr. :'Wr. 

So/itTt, a numeral for 900; being in the form of a 
adof or 2, (which was formerly C turned round,) covering 
a w? or 11: Thus ^. Thb was formerly one of the 
letters and came after A, which marking 800, this letter 
marked 900. This SAN is Hebr. Sin, 

Soju^pos, a horse branded with the <rdf : 4>4pv. — 

S^oAoi/, a tandal. — * R trcafisy aayl^os, aaylbaXov, 
a bo8rd, pUuik:* Hemst (2) 'The Syrian sandal': 

2ANAAPAKH, soHdarachf a red snlphuret of ar- 
senic — Q. ? 

Scb^Si/l, a bright red color, prepared, says Pliny, from 
the 'iay^apdien ; but it is ' the juice of a plant called 
3gANATB :' Dnn. 

Soyls, IZos, a board, plank, tablet — The Etym. M. 
well for rai^lf , as 2^, Tb ; ^iifitpovj Tiifupou ; S^cs, 
Ti7T€J J JUipydpTiy Tapydtmi ; 2i}A^ TijAfo. R. raipv, 
rw{m : Stretched out 

Sdwas, a fool. — ^'R crc^, ooivw, ffaofw^ from his 
gesticulations :* Scheide. See SoivW. The Lat aarnia 
is a scoff. Observe fiXimJa. (Z) Our zan^, ' The 
barbarous Greek T(awhsj a fool :' Todd. 

Xawiov, a tail. — R ffoiuot^ <rcaw, to wag the tail. 

jA)f, 5<Joj, 5«oy, 5«s, safe, unharmed. — Dnn. well 
allies it to Ztiw, Zobs, Zwbs, alive : * safe and sound.' 

'iairphs, rotten, putrid. — R <Hiirw, aawSj to rot 

5An*EIP02, the sapphire.--' The Hebr. saj)pir ;* 

SAIWIN, soap.'^* Sax. sape^ D. zeepy G. seife:' Wbst 
* Of Celtic or German origin :' Schneid. Sapo Lat. 

2APABAAAA, Sapa, -trdpaij loose Persian trowsers. 
Dan. 3. 21. So SAPAHIS b a Persian robe. 

Jhipydvrjf the same as Tapydmfi, 

Zapidvios, "iapSSvioSi ^opSuytKhSy said of a horrid 
grin. — R traipu, aapSt, adp^v, (like "Ap^v,) to grin. 
(2) From a plant of Xap^ia Sardinia^ which was said 
to screw up the face. * Sardois amarior herbis,' Virg. 

'ZapSlvrif *& species of anchovy, the Fr. rartftiae, found 
abundantly near Sardinia :* Ldd. 

Xdp^ioVf the Sardine or Sardian stone. — *■ Prob. as 
having been orig. brought into Greece from Sardinia :' 

%apZ6vtay occurring only in Xen. Cyr. 6. 9, * balls 
annexed to the extremity of a (hunting) net to buoy it 
up,' Jones : ' edges raising a net up,' Leunclav. — Per- 
haps for f &f>8Jwa, from ipXn^, lifted up^ aloft, whence 
arduns, 2, as in Savicbs, Setvo-op^s. 

2a^w(, the sardonyx : * a species of the or^ "Ovv^ 
found chiefly in Sardinia .*' Dnn. 

SopScii, ' a precious stone, prob. := frdpBtov or cap- 

2APi:S2A, a Macedonian spear. * Macedonidqua 
sarissd ;' Ov. Yet Sturz says it is a Persian or Median 
spear, and from Hebr. sarin. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



^%9ipKd(wt to tear ffopxa flesh from the bones ; to show 
the teeth as dogs do when tearing flesh : to sneer at 

'Xapfjihsj sweepings. — R. <ralpwy ffiaapiuu. 

2^(, 0-apicbT, flesh. — As the ^olians and Dorians 
said (rTpfca, aTpKaSy Sec (MaitL), so eiip^ for abpi 
from aipu, tr4<rvpKa : What has been, or can be, drawn 
off fi-om the body. Compare 'Zuripa, (2) ^ R (aalpa^) 
<rap6cOf to scrape, polish. Thus the Jews called flesh 
*k niton rasili*. Hesych.: "Xdofun-a: KoAA^uara:* 

^UpoSf a broom to sweep with : — sweepmgs. — R 
ffalpttf aofw, 

^ajmylStSj oaks with gaps from age.-«B. trcdpWj 
aapWj to open the mouth : Dnn. 

2ATANA2, SatOM, N.T.— *From Hebr. «atofi, ad- 
versari :* Mrt. 

^arivTi^ a war-chariot. — 'Usu. deriv. from (rdaraij 
Paphian for icaBierui (to sit):' Ldd. and Dnn. Then for 
^aurlvri^ui7,iifL€pou,TiifAfpov, (2) 'R (rdrrtf, onero. 
As Waggon, Warn, from Weigh, Weight:' Grogan. 

• Weigh from Sax. wag, weg, wagan :' Wbst 

2ATON, a Jewish measure of wheat, N.T. — * From 
the Syriac : ' Schleusn. 

SATPADHS, a Pertian saimp. * A Persian word :' 

"XdrrUf to stuff, padc, load: — to equip, accoutre, 
harness.— 'Affinity may be traced to "ASiiy or'AHriVf 
and Lat. aatio, scOis : ' Schneid. Nearer to "Aroi or "'A- 
Tcu, whence ''A-aros, iD-tatiable. 1, as in "Z^ip^ and 
2cAa^ from "IX-n, (2) R via, ffeiw, to shake. As 
Luk. 6. 38 : * Good measure pressed down and shaken 
together {(rtaaXcvfUyov) and running over.' Schleusn. 
explains tr^ff^ ^concuHendo rbpletum.' Note TpdTTCL 

Sarvpioircs, * a disease in which the bones near the 
temples are elongated, so as to be like Sa^' horns; — 
priapism : ' Ldd. — From 

J^drvposj a 5a^, a wanton Sylvan god ;— a dramatic 
piece in which they appear. — For ^dldvpos from ffdBvi. 
So Becm. from ' ffdBv, salacitas.' 

^avkbs, dry. — ■ * ^ for the aspirate from alf», aSw, 
(aSica,) to dry :' Dnn. 

^auKpbSf the same as 

^vKoSf conceited, affected. — Allied to "XoKdMuVf 
swaggering. * Prob. from o-d^os, a tossing:* Dnn. As 
Jacto, i.e. to throw oneself about. 

Sai/y^ov, a javelin. — Supposed to come from its use 
by the SamnianSj Sanmans or Saxmans, (2) R aAu^ 
to shake. Compare *£7x^<'''<(^'< 

'Smnihs, the same as ItoJuXosi from (rc^, aiMs. 

'Xa^pa, a twbted-finger case : long as a 2AYP A, lizard. 

* A lizard lean and long.' 

Xavporr^p. from a£s, safe: ' An iron sock to make 
the point of the spear safe and unhurt:' Portus. (2) 
From 2avpa above. 

Savcrop^f, dry, parched. — R aHv or aS», aSffUj *2 
prefixed,' Ldd. See Sovicos. 

So^^f, certain, manifest. — As fH(w, Ui^os^ and 

"Vdm, YJi^or, "Va^aphs, so 2a^r from trcEtt, erciw, iHi$w, 
to sift, as Certus, certain, from Cemo, to sift. *Si te 
dillgenter ex-cuss€ris\ Seneca: i.e.from Quatio. We 
say, To sift it to the bottom. So to Dis-cuss a matter, 
from Quatio, is to sift it out. 

SAa, SEIA, fSm, to shake, allied to fSYA, fSOA, 
SEXn, which Ewing explains * to shake, move rapidly, 
rush'. All prunitive words. Mrt. from 'Hebr. zua, to 
move, agitate.* Some bring the sense of 'making to 
move fast* fromthesoundcro-o-o- used in urging animals on. 

f IR^w, XSeyy{a, -v/a, to quench, put out, dry up, 
drain. — Allied to B<$w, to stop up, through f/Scw, 
f ortfM^ And to Mi/w, f ni?« in IIi/Ai}, f niw in IU4(<a, 
&C. 2, as "ZpuKpSs, 

Ji4eofuu, *to revere, respect, worship, to be awe-struck 
or abashed. XiSw [i.e. o-cfw,] and 2c^ and 2«fa), to 
agitate,, terrify, are plainly akin in form and sense:' Dnn. 
and Lenn. 2c$» as *4€», (2) 'Hebr. taebi, glorv:' 

^ Scip^ a cord, rope, chain. — Allied to Lat sero, to 
join, and to tXpa or cfpw, as *£(, Sex, and as S^Aos from 
"EAij. So neariy all. 

Scip^v, a Stren^ hence used for a fascinating woman, 
and any fascination. — Usu. derived from trttf&jA band, 
and so a chain: Enchaining, captivating. — Or, hke 
trtiphy from c7p», to weave; t^us i^v€ i6\ovs is used. 
(2) 'Hebr. seer, to smg:' Wr. 

i^lptosy Siriusy the dog-star: from < 

2fiphSf hot.-^' Suid. from 2EIP, the sun. Or from 
^4poSf heat: e and 2 interchanged, [as lovcS) loveTH] :' 
Dnn. (2) For tf«V^*» tC^ep^** from f(^, to be hot. 
As Zidon, Sidon; Zion, Sion; Z(/3^, 2i/3^. (3) 
' Hebr. serek, to shine:' Wr. 

IZtifffibSj an earthquake, and 

Ztitrrpop, sittrum, a ckpper: from 

"Xfiofi in SAfi. 

ScAoy^w, to enlighten. — B, (rcAor, formed as 

ScAar, splendor. — As*E|, Sex, so 'i4Xas from lAi}, 
heat or light of the ffAios sun. So 'Xftpd. 

2f\dxn plor., fish with cartihiges for bones.— 
Aristotle from <r4\asy ' as most fishes of this kind emit 
a phosphore;scent light.' Galen says they glitter at 

ScAcvKif, 'a garment from Seleucia in Syria: — a 
drinking-cup from the same place:' Ldd. 

ScAi^Ki}, the moon: R crcAas. 

SeA^viov, bald crown of the head, appearing round 
and shiny like the o-cAifn; moon. 

"iekTiPlrriSy the seleniie or moon stone: o-cAi^n;. 

ScAlf, 'the void space between lines in writing. Some 
from (TcAas, brightness, with much probability. — Also, 
the void space between benches of rowers or at a theatre : 
— the space between the paragraphs in writing, and the 
two columns of a page; — a page:' Dnn. 

2eAAo2, priests of the oracle of Dodona. — ' No doubt 
"EMiilp is from^EAAos whence was'EAAe^f a city built 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



by Heile. Kow *E\Aos and S^AXot were the same 
word, aa 'EAiy and ScAas, *E| and Sex. The HelU then 
or SeUi were a part or dioot of the Pelasgi in ancient 
HeUaSy dwelling about Dodona and Aoheldus:' Hemsterh. 

S^Afio, bench for rowing: — any bench or seat: — long 
platform or standing-place behind parapets for the de- 
fenders of walls, and in the npper part of a ship as a 
deck. Said ftlso of logs of boilding-timber: from the 
length, as of benches. — ' 2cAif and ii4\fM hare a close 

SEMIAAAIS, simUoj amUlaffo^ the finest wheat-flonr. 
•^* From the Panic temid:* Voss. 

2c/u^s, Tenerablei aognst. — B. ff4€c», aictfiftai, 
ffffftHfihos, And 

Sfirr^f, as 'Xifiv6s. — B. fficnrrat, 

Scivw, pf. p. Ihffvfuu, to pnt in qnick motion, set on, 
dii?e: passive, rash on, speed. — Allied to iiivj to 
shake. See SAO. (a) 'From the sonnd atvav made 
in urging on dogs:' Scheide. 

2if^, to sift: R ffduj iffi^Briy, 

2i}k)s, a porteress, housekeeper. -^ Attendant on a 

XrifchSj a pen, fold, stable; — 'chapel, shrine, dwelling, 
tonib, sepulchre-— R.f<r^, f o-ccn^ira, 0'c^ o-c^r, to drive: 
A place to which cattle are driven. (2) R adu, a^C^, 
(S) *Hebr. ao^, to hedge: Ohald. aach, to cover:' Mrt 

iriKhsj from the sense of anything interior, was used 
for the hollow trunk of a tree, spec, the hollow trunk of 
an old oUve-tPBe. — Above. 

^riKhi, 8 weight. — R ffdrrw, ffwaxOf *to preBB 
down*; (Dnn.) K, as <^v\aKif. 

2i}ic(^, to weigh, balance. — Above. 

St/X^o, Tr\\ia, ' any flat board or tray with a raised 
rim or edge; — a stand on which flour, &c. was set out 
for sale; — a gaming-table; — a stage whereon game- 
cocks were set to fight; — a chimney-board:' Ldd. 
These senses point to Ti}Ata as allied to T^Ac, marking 
extension : An extended surface, one stretched out. — • 
Dnn. thinks 2i}A/a the original, as ' a sieve, a baker's 
trough, the wooden circumference of a sieve, a chest for 
containing com', and from vAm^ aiidiOj to sift: ^aa4\ri, 
f otjAtj, irriXla. 

iiifMf Sijftcior, a signal, sign, token, mark, seal; — 
gravestone, tomb, barrow, sepulchre. — R ffduj a4<nifMUy 
orig. to shake, as Jitiat. ' Shake the hand that they 
may go: ' Is. 13. 2. * Beckoning (Kara^iicras) to them 
with the hand to hold their peace:' Acts 12. 17. 'Her 
husband she espies. Shaking his hand . . .: She took 
the sign, and shook her hand again:' Dryden. (2) 
Ldd. for ^fM, allied to ^ffctlaro from i^cdo/Mu, to see; 
^ That by which something is seen.' So 'Srifx&iv is Lacon. 
for ertP^y- And our loveS, loveTH. (3) * Chald. 
nmrnen, signAre:' Mrt. 

J&rifiau'Uy to give a ffrjfJia sign, indicate. 

^•^fxepoyf 5^r€S, = Tf^fiepoVy T^ey. 

Sifw, to corrupt, putrify. — ' Allied to ^airphs^ per- 
haps to XaOf^s:* Dan. See ^ep6s. ^Sifircv is allied to 

triu, (ffadp^s,') as ^wa^ lo bdt»f biaftat, (2) ' H^. 
ffopA, to be finished, consumed. Chald. adbaz, putri« 
dity : ' Mrt ' Hebr. ««p, to be hollow : ' Wr. 

^Vt a silk- worm; firom the Seres, sn Asiatic nation 
who prepared silk, and introduced it into Greece. Thus, 
*Senca vestis,' *iS!8rtai toga.' 

^rjpay^y cleft, rent, cave. — B. o-cupv, Utrnpa, to open 
the mouth. 

2J)f, g. mrrhs and 0-c^f, a moth;>-a]so a book-worm. 
— R ^ff4u, or«(«, fftCety * to agitate,' i.e. to * fret' ; this ex- 
plained by Dr. J., <to agitate violently by external 
action.' ' A moth fretting a garment.' See ^ffrdiu* 
(2) Hebr. sas^ tinea. 

^rirdiftioSf said of com, some say 'sifted/ from aifOwy 
(r4<nrnu, to sift. Others ' of this year,' from o^rey. 

2>}Tc^, to eat, fret, said aTjrw of moths. 

l,nrts'. inT^cs. 

Zirpt g. ffmthsf a serpent whose bite causes putre&c* 
tion. — R (H^o). 

20^y<», to have strength or power, to be able. -^ As 
frcyov and Tdu^ M4vw and fMoiw, i*4y«t and t^<i«i so 
il04tw is deduced by Mrt from f ffrdfl^, to stand, and bj 
Lenn. from i^cW, to run ; IS in the latter as in iiftucp6s» 
With the deriv. from ardn compare "A'trrrivos * finom 
ttrrriiu^ (Dnn.). Strength then as shown by standing 
or by runnmg: but better than these as shown by strik- 
ing, (fighting, boxing, &c.) firom b4yw, whence the part 
of the hand by which we strike is called &4vap. 

Zi&yiiVy the jaw-bone. — As Wachter derives Mentum 
the chin fitMnMoYunentum, so from <rlce =r o'efw, to move, 
may be :Uoey^, Compare Uc^y and Biay^p, And 

iiaXop, spittle. — 'R IcUof'] fftim: because it moves 
to and fro in the month :' SchreveL, Lenn., and Mrt ^ 
But Ldd. allies S/oAev to^'ToAos, ghus, as ScAos firom 

'XlaKoSy a fat hog; — fat, grease. S^oAos and ^iaXor 
agree in the notion of shining or glistening. "ZiaXos is 
'also a blockhead: compare Pinguis Minerva, Pingue 
ingenium: while others explain it a driveller, from 
o'loAbs spittle:' Dnn. See above. 

ZidKwfM, and J^iyd\MfjMf 'an instrument of smoothing 
or polishing; — the polished metal rim of a shield:* 
Ldd. -^ AlHed to "ZiyaXoftSf 'XldKop and SIoAoy. 

'Xi6vX^M, a SUnfl.-^* Ace. to the old deriv., from "XAf 
/SdAAa (or ^uAAa), Dor. of Aihs /SovA^: That tells the 
will of Jupiter: ' Ldd. and Dnn. 

:$i€6ifii, < from trvs^ <rv6s, a spear for killing boars, a 
hunting spear: also Z(6^:' Swing. For o-v^io}, as 
/aIo-tTAi} and ^iTotIAy}, filrTXos and fiTrlAbs; Thus : 
tnhsf avflvri, avSivri, 

2<7aAd€is, thought by Valck. to be ffifoA^ts, foam- 
ing fftd\^ with spittle: 'Hence, as soft things are 
called ApoaStvra as like dew, so soft tender garmento 
are 'Xiya^j&fvra.* — Ldd. deduces it from o'foAor, grease: 
* Shining, with the gloss on, fresh ; — ^fat and oily.' (2) 
B. <riyij. * Producing silent admiration by ita excel- 
lence:' Damm. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



.' 2«7^, silence. — R. crffa>, ffialya^ to hnsh. 

2/7A0S, the same as %K\oi. 

XiyfULf the letter S: the hissing letter, as below. 
(2) ' Hebr. sin, or rather samech : ' Dahler. 

iiyfihs, a hissing. — - B. al(wj (ritnyfuu, 

^lyvvris, * seemingly a dialectic form of 2t€tfi^: * Ldd. 
So BdXeofos and rdKoofos. 

^iSnpoSf iron, steel. — *B. ffi(vj ItrtSov: from the 
hissing sonnd made by hot iron dipped in water:' Damm. 
And well, for*Xls roi; 2IZ* 6^0ak]u^s are the words of 
Homer's simile of the eye of Polyphemus cracking, to the 
effects 2IAHPOT of iron tempered in the fire: Od. 9. 
393,4. See2iC». 

^iC^f to hiss, making the sound fffftrer^ as hot iron 
plunged in water. 

Mictt to say Hush hush I — from the sonnd S, or rather 
SH, just as we pronounce SHugar for Sugar. Ldd. 
represents Sou ^ov by SHoo I SHoo I And see Sirro. 

^iKc\l(wj to imitate the SieiUang. 

2IKEPA, sicera, old Fr. ciaeret whence cure, softly 
ddre, our ctder : prop, strong drink. S^icepa, Luk. 1. 
15, is translated by Wicliffe ' tydyr,'-^^ The Edtrew in 
Greek letters :' Valck. 

:iiKivuis, a dance of Satyrs * named from its inventor 
Sicmnis, a nymph of Cybele :' Ldd. (2) Forcell. from 
a€l»f <r4ir€uca, or ffUu, ctaucOf from the immodest move- 
ments in it. 

2IKA02, a sheJcel, a coin and a measure. 'Hebr. 
SKL:* Ewing. 

Sifft^a, a gourd ; a cupping-glass in its form.— From 
2IKTOS, a cucumber. 

"XiKtwyla, women's shoes, esp. made at Sicifon in 

2IKX02, loathing food, squeamish, morose ; ^ucxat- 
pofJMij am disgusted at, ' am tick at,' Blomf So Ldd. 
compares eich * D. zich, Sw. tiuk, Icel. syke :' Wbst. 
' In Chaucer teke :' Todd. * The Greek word does not 
occur earlier than Callim.:' Lobeck. * Hebr. tzuk, to 
press, straiten': Wr, 

:ii\7ivhs^ SUerms : in ::glAAos. 

"iiKTpropUWf ' oppedo alicui, treat one with rudeness. 
— R TepSa, and perh. the Dorians had a form ffihhs 
for alWos :' Ldd. 

SIAirNiS, fine wheaten flour. — * From theLat. titSgOf 
ims :' Schrevel. 

:^A\os, ' gibe, mockery, satirical poem, tiUua. Gen. 
derived firom 1!XAw, 2XAos, 2 added : and so a rolling of 
the eyes in mockery, as 2iXA($». — Schneid. says, one 
who has a cocked nose, flattened towards the root, of the 
form attributed to SiUnua and the Satyrs, such being a 
mark of mockery: allied to ^iyu6s :' Dnn. 

2iA<{8ovpo<, 'devoted friends or retainers, the Lat. 
MoldurU, Caesar : a Celtic word :' Dnn. Our woid Sol 
diers, from Solidus, the pay of the SolidarU, And 
SoUdw from 6A(0r, Sdlus, as Vivus, Vividus. 

2t/u6Aof , bee-hive. — R. at/ial, bees, as snub-nosed, 
from (riii6s : fflyLkos, aifiBKos, as fji.farrifiBpia, 

'SifxhSf flat- or snub-nosed, bent in at down, hollow, 
uphilk And Simia, an ape. — Well supposed by Scheide 
to be for fiAibf, (See 'T/ids,) as 24\a5 from*£Xif : B. 
T^ofAoi, TfiM, to sink : Depressed. 

^ydfjucpos, mischievous. — All firom ffivofxat. Some 
add fMp6s : Madly injurious. Some say fi6pos. 

SINAAN, 'fine Indian cloth : prob. from *lvSbs. 
Sind :' Ldd.—* The Coptic tchentoo :' Class. Joum. 9. 
156. — ' Hebr. seden^ a loose garment :' Wr. 

^ivloVf a sieve. — B. aiu, o-c(w, to shake, as ffdu and 
(HiBo) are to sift. 

2ivofuUf to ravage, plunder, injure, lacerate, wound. 
— As J^x^' ^^ Yc^X") so ^ivofuu for ^iyofuUj used not 
in ita accepted sense, but as derived from xf/^w, * to bruise, 
break, diminish', (Dnn.) (2) Lenn. from ciw, o-c/w, 
quatio, con-cutio, ex-cutio, per-cntio. N, as firfw, 
wfNctf. (3) R f <», tniUy to hit, smite : then f <r(w, as 
"EAT}, ScAas. N, as ir(Ntf. («) * Chald. sena^ to 
hate :' Mrt. and Becm. 

'itucffwi(oiuUj to be utterly dissolute, like the courtesan 

JiivuvtKii, red ochre brought from SinSpe in Pontns. 

:Sibs, Lacon. for 8«^s. As loveTH, loveS. 

StiraAbs, (as x^omAAOIS,) Si^X&f, deformed, mahned, 
purblind. — WiUi iS prefix as in :S(XXos, :Scip^, from 
firrctf, Tirov, to injure, which St^X^w means. 

2inAPO:S, the fore-sail, in Arrian.— Perh. from the 
Latin Supparwn, Suparumj S^xarum. ^Suppara veld- 
rum': Lucan. Scheide suggests ^4p: the Greek 
'Tir^pa. But the A? 

'iewOfij a coffer for keeping meal, flour, or bread; •— 
a bag, as also ^iarvis, — 'Akin to Si^So, and 'Iir^a omit- 
ting 3 :* Dnn. (2) Suid. for ^aiSiri, ^airo-fi^, R 
aiTOPf fiiu: Full of flour. As 'A^t-^pc2»s, 'A/u^o- 
p€6s: Idolo-latry, Idolatry. Better from ob8.firtW, 
whence IIvAt}, Uvicti^w, TlvKySs. 

Xlpatov, new wine boiled down. — Allied to fStp^f, 
2«ip^f, hot, of which the form Xipidu occurs according 
to some. Even Dnn. says: ' J^tiplcuris or :itpiwris\ So 
trkElpttp and aklpuy. 

XipofidaTriSj a pit-searcher, a probe with which tax- 
gatherers searched corn-pits : — hence a barbed lance.— 
R atphs, fidafixu, whence Macr/ua, &c. 

Xipibsy a pit for arros com. — Forf2iT«pij from ahot 
or c7tov. As ^66oSy ^o€€p6s ; ^Koyhsy *\oytp6s. So 
that f SiTcpbs is prop, an adjective. 

Xuripa, Xlffvpva, a shaggy goat-skin. — *The SchoL at 
Aves 122 says it is prop, a skin with the hair on. R 
ff^ptOj [^oUpa] :' Dnn. By redupl. as AIAalo^iou : Tom 
off. (2) * Hebr. sear, pilus i Mrt. 

StTct^w, to feed with <riros, 

XTtoSj wheat, com, food. — R. <ria, (rcfo), to shake, 
sift. ' Satan hath desired to have you, rov aividtrai 
that he might sift you as a7rop wheat :' N. T. 

StTTo, S^TTc, ^(tto, a shepherd's or drover's cry, 
from the sonnd cir, if/lr, by Ldd. represented as ' st ! 
sht ! ' (2) ' Hebr. soot, to instigate :* Wr. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Sfrrij, a kind of wood-pecker.— Prob. from the sound 
aWf much as above. 

iirriSrif a leathern garment : allied by Ldd. and 
Dnn. to ^uripa. ^iHpa, Tirvpo, (as 26, T^,) whence 

iupeuos in Lndan, thooght by Dnn. = ffiwaios from 
antvrif a meal-jar : * of fine flour.* 

"ZiipXhSf maimed, &c.: in 'XnroKSs, 

'Zupxhs, 'ii<l>vhs, hollow, empty, hungry. — Mrt. from 
< Hebr. tapha, DEFICERE.' And Dun. makes :int>\hs 
prim, to mean DEFECTIVE, which agrees with this. 
But it may mean prim. ' injured', and so * defective': 
see Jii<l>Xhs in 'XiiraXds, 

2(^y, a reed, tube, pipe, siphon, — Allied by Ldd. 
to "iupfihsj Xupvhif hollow. Perhaps ^ti(pos existed. 
Hesych. exphtins iK-ffupwwurd^iTi by iK-KtpuOtlri. 

2ianrcuo^ to be silent — Like SIfw, Sl7a», imitative of 
a hushing sound. An extended form, much as ElAv^w, 
eepair(va>, ^Eporrdu, Some may add Snlf, &n6s, 

5«<£f«, to limp. — *Akin is ^Kcdpu:* Dnn. 

2fra^s, tC€B Vtu, on the left, unlucky, oblique, awkward. 
— * Akin to ^xdCa :' Don. The left, the limping hand, 
Eustath. But %kaths is also oblique, not direct, and 
tallies with our word Right, prop, direct, but which sim. 
took the sense A''OrL£/'r (Dr. Johnson).— Hemsterh. 
supposes a word f ^(ia». So 

^Kolpu, to skip, frisk about.—' ^Kolpu and lixdCot 
from t<^Ko», t»co«, fx«»» ca^^o* x*t»'«i X^^f^'* To 
curve, mcline, bend the body, so as 1. to limp, 2. to frisk 
about :' Lenn. 2, as 2fiiKp6s, (Z) Skirr in Shaksp. 

"XKoXaBvpUy to rake, rake up, as XkoWw ; — explore 
subtlely or over-nicely, as Bake in Johnson : * -To search 
with eager and vehement diligence,' as Swift : * The 
statesman rakes the town to find a plot.' 

SkoXc^, to stir up, hoe, poke a fire. — R. CKdWu, 

SKoXTjviy, like 5KAf«v, limping ;— uneven, unequal, 
odd in number. See 2Ka/jifi6s. 

2K<iAA«, to scratch, scrape, rake, grub, hoe : acalpOf 
8cabo,^M 2 in 2/xtfcpds, and as V&Uy YeUAw , so Lenn. 
deduces ^xdWa from f/fclcw, x<*»» caVo,x<^f^^' To 
make a gap or hollow. And so Dnn. allies Sfcairrw to 
:Sirfi(AXw and to Lat. caVo. (2) Mrt from iccAAw, to 
move, (3) * B. |€«, Le. Kaica or <rK^, to scrape:' 
Greg. So Dnn. allies it to Eew, Ualyu. 

XKoXpL^y * a knife, sword : said to be a foreign word, 
but at all events connected with 'XK^KKm C Ldd. 

2fcaA/i2>s, a thowl, one of two sticks or pins driven 
into the edge of a boat for the oar. — B. irir^lAAw, to 
grub into. 

2«caA.oi|/, a mole : i.e. the grubber: o-xcUAu. 

'ZKafi€6sy crooked, bent, bent asunder, of the legs. — 
Allied tu 'iKdifav, ^KoXrivSs, Or to \rafKp6sy Kofi- 

^Kdfi/jMj a trench, pit. — B. VKdirrto, l(7Kcc/i/teu. 

2Kay8aA770pov, the stick in a trap, the trap-string. 
So ^KdifiaXov is a snare laid for an enemy : hence a 
stumbling-block, which proves a scatidal or offence by 

which another falls. — B. ffKd(wj iffKvJ^v, N, as in 
XaN8(£vtf. flaking halt or maimed. 

Sxairan}, a spade, shovel : o-KtCwroi. 

^KdwrroSy a trench, pit, as ^KOfijua, from 

SxaitTM, to dig, hoe, trench. — Allied to SffciAAfi^, 
«ca6o, Bcalpo. (2) Our Kocp. 

^KopBofAiSaacoy to blink, wink. — B. CKoipoty ffKdpifhfy, 
to spring up, and, says Ldd. it is difficult not to connect 
-fLvcffw with fi6u. 

J^KopifUf like 2/ca/pw, SpS, 

"^ZKdplipos, a pencil, pen, straw, reed, Kop^s, Sffa- 
pi^«, f (rffpI4>£, acribo, ^apupdofMUj tcarifioOy tcarify, 
scratch an outline, &c. — Allied to Xapdaaw ; 2, as 
^fUKp6s, * A form of, or from Kdpipos ;' Hemst. 

^KaT6sy gen. of ^xwp, 

'Xxd^f anything dug or scooped out, a trench ; — a 
boat, scapha, skiff; — a trough, tub, cradle. — B. (Tied- 
irrw, Iff/ra^a. 

^KdipioVf a little 2k(£^ ; — any hollow vessel, a night- 
stool ;— a concave mirror ;•— * cutting of hair so as to 
leave only that on the crown, which then looked like a 
bowl ; — the crown:* Ldd. 

fSiccSdw: in K(dd(c». 

"SKedpoSj * tight, exact, careful : from ffx^Btiv^ ©"X""* 
from lx<>' :' Ldd.: Held dose. (2) Ecar, U€0p6s, Xk€- 
dp6sj as Ui^Sy 2«c(^os : Planed, polished, made to the 
nail. (3) For ^KtBp6s := ictardsy cut : as Precise from 
Prse-clsus. — Others from hffnioty or from aKhrrotuu. 

^KflpoaVj ^KipuPy a wind blowing from the Scironian 
rocks in the Isthmus of Corinth. 2K€ipo»viS§s virpeUf 

SkcAcou, leggings, long trowsers B. ffKtKos. 

^KfXerhs, dried up, whence Skeleton, — R aKiXKw, 

SkcAIs, haunch, ham. -— Allied to a/ccAos. 

liKiKhMy to dry up. — *R «€«, iraf«, to bum :' Lenn. 
As Ydw, "VdKXM, X as 2/Aiicpds. (2) B. ^4ta, Ktriw, 
aKewt to scrape, rub, and so to dry. (3) Allied to 
SicoAActf, as jSSAAXw, /SSEAAa : To make hollows and 
furrows. («) ' B. K£A, (iTet/,) 2K£A (Germ. SckeU 
in zerschellen) : ' Thiersch. 

2k4\os, a leg. — * B. o-k^AAu, ffKtXa, to make dry 
and hard, whence 'XkknpoSy hard. — So called from the 
hardness of the bone :' Valck. See Yiviifit\, 

'iKivwhsy covering, covered, shaded: oKhcu, Hence 
a flat fish, Lat umbra, gliding rapidly by as a shadow. 

"XKinapvoVy a carpenter's axe. — * Perhaps from 
(TKdirrw',' Ldd. and Dnn. As /SAAAa, j8EA.os. — Or 
for 'Xici^vapvov from aicjirrUf to let fall hard upon. As 

'XKhrapvov, ' from some likeness in the shape, a sur- 
gical bandage:' Ldd. Above.— Bather, from o-iceirw, to 
protect, guard. — Also a sheep-skin: *as if ^Kiw-apvov C 
Ldd. That is, from ffKiirWf i.py6s. Perhaps however 
from ffKivu only, as the last sense. 

^Kirro/juu, to look or examine carefallv, consider. — 
* B. ffK^irta: To cover the eyes with the haid in looking 
at an object:* Hemsterh. (2) B. icew, K(AQ»^ K^arhs^ 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



isadOf casum, pra-tstsum : To look at a thing 'XKEip&s 
accurately and precisely. As f BcU^ Bciirrw. 2, as in 
;S;u<rprff. (3) * Hebr. sk^h, to look:* Wr. 

Sk^tw, Sxeir^w, to cover, Bhelter» protect -*' For 
fKeiTtf, (K^o^O alHed to Ke^«:' Lenn. Or cAkos, a 
shieldf ftroiciw, fcrw^w, axhwy as t/3\^«, iSA^IIw. 
Compare 2*ci|i^. (a) * Heb. «ic, to cover :* Mrt. (3) 
Our keep,' Sa^ cepa». Todd: * A bee-hive iscall^a 
sleep in some parts of England:* as in Norfolk. 

2K€pS6K\Mf to insult, abuse. -^2 as in ^fUKpSs, 
For K€p€6Wcay from ic^af> cor, 66\ri a throwing, like 
Kcp-TOM^: To hit and wound the heart (a) R 
(TKfil)/}, dung, 3aAA«, f /3o\^«. 

2K«uof, any instrument or utensil; Sicc^ea, imple- 
ments, furniture, tackle, baggage, clothes, armor. 
SKciia^w, to furnish, prepare, &c. — * Prop, u covering ; 
allied to Ke^Ouj to hide, cover. Allied to iic4ir<xs\ perh. 
tu :Zienvh abd ^Kidt* Don. (2) ' R adKos, (feucia,) 
f<rff^w, then o-jccDoj, a covering against the injuries of 
the air:* Valck. (3) ' Germ. fot-«cA« is the apparel of 
the foot :' Wacht («) ' Chald. echeva, to be useful:' 

. 2k7iv)i^ a tent, booth, camp, cover of a waggon, 
covered place or bower for representations, scena, theatre, 
stage for actors ;-« tent-entertainment — * The same 
origin as SkcSos:* Dnn. ^ R. <rdK0Sj (croic^w) fcrWtf: To 
cover with a shield:* Valck. *R ic^w, kc^Ow:' Lenn. 
2, as ^fUKpos, (Z) ' Hebr. sken, to dwell in :' Wr. 
. 'ZicrivoSf a tent, tabernacle; — the human tabernacle, 
the body. — Above. 

^Kiprdyiou, ^ijvwv, = ffinixrpov, 

"^KTim-bs, a squall of wind:— thunderbolt; — any 
visitation or calamity. — R (neijirru. 

^Skt^ittw, to let fall on, press on, urge; — rest or lean 
on; — midd. prop up one's cause by excuses or pretences. 
Z^KT^poVj eceptrej ,staff to lean on. — * From t*<^«, 
Xaiywj cavOy in curve:' Lenn. 'From ic<5»t«, (^Kdfiirrui}:^ 
Greg. These have caught the idea of the word: but 
evidently Sinfirrw is for ^icnplirTu, though by a strange 
obliquity SiCT/pdrrw is brought by all from 2#n^ft). 
^riplTTTw then, or ^Kripiirrfo, seems to descend from 
Kipasy KopcavhSf &c. and to have the notion of curving, 
bending down, or stooping on a prop or support Thus 
Kwphs is explained by Ldd.: 'bent, bowed forwards, 
stooping.' :S as XtuKp6s, 

'iKriplmw: in 2«n(irrw. 

2ic^t|^is, a pretext : o-jc^vtw, ifr». 

':&Kitiy a shadow, shade. — Allied to 2ici}i^, SkcVw, 
'Xxtvos, (a) R kI»; As going along with an object. 
2 as XfMcpds, (3) *Hebr. eekee, to cover:* Wr. 
. ^KidSf (ov, an umbrella. — R (TKick, umbra. So 

J^Kia^ths, ^Kiadlsy the fish called ' umbra ' mentioned 
in 2'c€Tay<Js.— R cKid, 

^Ki^irri/u : in Kc8d^w. 

'iKtfiaXlCuy to feel with the little finger for eggs in 
hens; — also to hold out the middle finger to, to insult, 
abuse, and with iro82 to kick. Steph.; 'Medio digito 

tentare an gallinsB ova conceperint, immisso eo in podi- 
cem: adeoque eo podicem fodicare* — The long syllable 
of MAA seems to point to ii'i\\% Dor. /udAa, a probe, and 
%KifMKiQ» (9& ^^lUKphs) to be for KiitaKiiu from kIw, 
Lat doy Kiyiotf to move, and this /idAa: To move with 
a probe. 

:iKifiShs, halt, limping, o-ko^^s. — 'R ffKlfivrvi* 

2gK(/iirovf, a small couch, low bed. — R trKl/iirr»f 
to lean upon. Dnn. adds wovs: So as to rest the foot 

JiKlfiirrUy the same as "Xiti^wrw. * From it, or a dif- 
ferent form:* Dnn. As «X£fc«, pllco. So aKlvapf 
ffKlprdoty aKvlwalos. 

iKlfiTWfj Xitixotv, a staff, from trKlfiirrUy as SKijirrpoy 
a staff from eric^irrot, 

2Kiva(, moving, active; — a hare. — As MiKphsy 
"ZiuKfASf 80 for KIpo^j from kIpu to move. As 

'XKiHopy the body. — ' Prob. akin to 'Xiniyos the body :* 
Ldd. and Dnn. See on (tkI/attw. — Or a moving bodf : 

2K(y?aAa€l{«, to search narrowly, 'akin to 2ki/jm\1(u 
in its proper sense:' Dnn. — Or rather to 

'SKtvMkofJMSy ^ipSa\f4hSf scmdula, a splinter, lath, 
shingle: — a minute or subtle quibble. — Allied to 
Scindo, Xx^C^» ^X^^oy. N, as xoNSoyw. 

3KINAAY02, ' a four-stringed musical instrument: 
also a tree like ivy: a thing of no value: * Dnn. The 
Schol. on Apol. Rh. says the tree grew at Nysa in India. 

'XkItcov, the same as XKlfAVuv. 

^lpQUl>oSj a dice-box ; — trickery. ' Some from CKlpos, 
in the sense of a die:' Dnn. : and this from aKtpoSf 'a 
chip or fragment of marble,' Dnn., or from the general 
notion of any hard matter. See XnTpos, Petronius 
speaks of 'crystal dice.* — Others from an abandoned 
neighbourhood of gamblers and prostitutes at Athens, 
called TiSKIPON. 

'ZKiptreu, ' the SbirUeSj a distinguished division of the 
Spartan army; orig. named from the Arcadian town 
Xicipos:' Ldd. 

iKlpoVj ' like XKldSioVy a white parasol borne by the 
priestesses in a festival df Minerva :iKiphSy which was 
thence called t& "iKipo^pia, giving name to the month 
J^Kipa^pu&v, — Others from XxlpoSj a Salaminian seer 
who built a temple to Minerva under this name: and a 
promontory of Attica was called ^KipdZiovi* Ldd« 

"SxipoVj the hard rind of cheese. — From 

'XKipoSy ' gypsum, stucco;— ' any hard coat or cover* 
ing, a tumor, tcirrhw. The form 'iKif^os arose from 
ignorance:' Ldd.— Dnn. allies it to Xicriphs^ UTjpibs, dry. 
See (TKlfAirru, 

ZKiprdvj like Xicaip», ieKopTcu^ to skip, spring, leap. 
'Only another form of Sxa/pw:' Dnn. As SfceSdo), 
l,KiZvdM', Utrdta, UirvdM, (2) Shaksp. has 'SKIER 
the country round.* 

^KiriKoi, wanton deities, patrons of licentiousness. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



tonp hither refers shittUh. Todd: ' Shit, a light wanton 
woman; tkiUUhy wanton.' — R. iff«, Kwirat, eifttf, fast, 
just like "iTTis 'iTOfibj, headlong, from f I«, E V, to go. 
2, as ^fiucp6s. The qoantitjr of the A is variotuly re- 

'iKl<t>0Sj for Ui<pos, a sword. 

'|':SicA^0, SKA-^fi', the same as 2k^AAw. 

^fcAY^pbs, hard, rigid, cruel. — Above. 

jK\Ty<^f)6j, *Att. for S«A?7P<Jf: contr. (or tKt\i<l>p6s, 
thin :' Ldd. Explained by Timseos *dr7 and gone by,* 
applying it to 'one older in age, bat yomiger in look.' 
See above. 

'iKPivatos, like Kyc^eubs, in the dark. See on (TKlfiSSs, 

"^KvixTw, to nip, pinch ; met. to be pinching or nig- 
gardly: and 'iKvi4>6s, like Kmit6s, stingy. And 

^KPhlff the same as Kyi^lf. 

tK6XM>u/ neut. from 'XKo\i6tt i.e. fA4\os, a banqnet- 
song, snng to the lyre by the guests one after the other. 
Most derive it from the irregular zig-zag way it went 
round the table, each guest who sung holding a myrtle- 
branch, which he passed on to any one he pleased:' Ldd. 
— From 

SicoAfbs, crooked, distorted, perverse;—- depraved, 
knavish. — R. cKthXto, IcricoAa: Dried up, rongh, un- 
even. So Valck. Similarly Greg, from o-kcaSt, dis- 
torted, or ffKtWhs as in Hesych. Properly, warped, 
(a) * Hebr. scftel, to pervert :* Wr. 

^KfJAoif', 0T05, anything pointed, esp. a pale, stake; — 
dart; — splinter, thorn. — Allied to SkwAos. 

'XkSXvBpos, a low three-legged stool; adj. low, mean, 
shabby : — prop, docked, as allied to 2KoA^irro». 

^K6\vfJLos, * an eatable kind of tliistle, prob. a kind 
of artichoke. — Akin to ^K6\xnp, 2ic($Aoirof:' Ldd. 

SfcoAJiTTw, for KoA^irrw, as ^fuKphs, * from K6\of, 
like KoAoiJw, to dock, crop, lop : •— peel, strip:' Ldd. 

^kAkcXos, an eminence whence is a view; — rock, 
tcopulfu. — From 

^Kon4u, ^ ffKhrrofUu. 

"^Kovhs, an observer, scout;—- mark at which we look 
or aim, scope, object or purpose. —Above. 

:^KopaKiCa>, to reject: i.e. send to the K6paKM crows. 
2, as in ^fUKp6s, 

^KopdXpdoficu, to stretch and yawn, to feel heavy and 
sick. — 2 added as in :EfuKp6s; ^Kopiiydofuu from 
Kdpvs the head, and Sovcw or Blu4o»: To have the head 
whirling. Compare KpanrdKn, (a) From excessive 
use of ■ 

:iK6poBov, 'iK6phoVf garlic. -^'R. vKtlop, dung, t(<u, 
[SSov, cSSo,] from its strong smell:' Ewing. Compare 
the Latin Nas-turtium, i.e. Nasi-tortium. 

^KOprriQu, to scatter, disperse. -^ Mrt. from ffKcdpu, 
(TKapSo, facio salire, facio dis-silire, to make to spring 
asunder. As ir6pos, vopUACL — But perhaps there 
was a transposition thus : Xrophs, dispersed, f (nropcCfw, 
^4(nr6paKa, f awopoicffw, ^<nropKi{u, tlien VKop^iQu^ as 
^pdyavov^ ^dffyavov\ iKUAkyKos, %KliATXo5\ tHop^, 
Forma; %<rKiZlm, sPeCio. 

tKopwloi, a toorpion. — Nearly all refer to <rKopft\(vi\ 
tncopiFm^ to scatter Le. its poison; some indeed adding 
\hs poison. Also a thorny plant and fish, ringlet of hair, 
pointed whip, the scorpion-stone, and an engine for fling- 
ing darts, so called, says Vegetius, 'quod parvis subtili- 
bnsque spiciJiit inferant mortem.' 

'ZK&roi, darkness. — ',0f the same origin as 'XKohi, 
[in Heeych.], Sici(i:'Dnn. (2) <Hebr. seM to be 
quiet:' Wr. 

2«^$aAoy, refuse, dung. — For Ki&irSaAoi', as 
^(pdycafov, ^daryavov: Thrown to the dogs, icvffl, /SdAAw, 

J^Kvidu, and :iK6(ofiai, are both referred by some to 
KTupi * the latter as prop, to snarl. — the former, to 
be at heat, of dogs:' Ldd. But these words seem to be 
the same as 

'iKv(ofjMit 2Ku9ftaivWj to be angry, to growl. — Allied 
to Sirid and 2ko& and ^kStos, as we say To take Um- 
brage from Umbra: To have the countenance overcast So 
Steph. explains Sk^/mu, 'vultu tristi etobnubiloincedo.' 
(2) Dnn. approves a deriv. from an angry lion eoutract- 
ing the <fk<)viov skin over the brows, as Hom., *ETt- 
-aK^iov ^vydyotv. Then for 'XKWidCofwu, (3) Lenn. 
from Kita, turgeo (irft). 2 as "Z/jUKpSs. 

ZKiOauva^ a maid-servant from Sc^hia. So 

:Sic69i7$, a policeman, as being a l^^ythian. 

ZKv$i(tu, to drink deep, and to clip the hair, like the 

ZMos: the same as ^Kwpos, 

^KuBpbs, angry, sullen. — Allied to "iidfofuu, 

SkvAoI, oucos, a whelp, puppy. — * It has a common 
origin with Zici/iyos;* Dnn. 

Sxt^Ao^, an iron chain, — chain for the neck. — As 
b'elonging to a 2fft;Aa{ (above): A whelp's chain. So 
Plantus uses Catellus from Catulus. : * Te feriam, cum 
CATELLO ut accubes: FERREO ego dico.' Some 
read Cams in this sense in Plant. Cas. 2. 6. 37. 

2«uA€^, to strip or spoil a slain enemy of his aims: 
and SkOAo, spoils. — Allied to 

'S,Kv\K(o, to pull about, mangle, rend, skin, fUy; — 
trouble, annoy. — Allied to 2/c(iAA», to scratch, scrape. 
Thus Dnn. allies liKvipos and 'iKfipos. (2) R. ^wc, 
Kffva, (TKito, to scrape, and so lacerate: — both Valck. 
and Hemst. asserting this cricuw. (3) Some from 
(TKvKov a hide, allied to CKVTOf : as we say To trinff a 
bird, To bark a tree. Some ally this (rxvAoy to SKcirw, 
to cover, and to SKTnov. 

2kv\ov: See in "XicvWu, 

Sfc^jii»'oy,awhelp,cub; — child. — Schneid. for K^/iyor, 
(as ^Bfiucphs,) Kvdiutvos from kIw^ to be pregnant: just 
as "Efi-Spvov is used both for an Embryo and a New- 
born animal. (2) Allied to 2K^»,' ZSKi^, SKoa, 
:iKid(», ZKTviov : Coverod, guaitied, protected. 

'iKiviov, *Eiri-ffK6vioyj Hhe skin above the eyes, 
Ldd. * the eyebrow,' Dnn. — Allied to Sici^ 2«o^ 
:SKeir«, 2k<{to5 ; As overshadowing the eyes.- Compare 
Sff^o/xax, ZKvep6s, (2) Leon, from k^, to swell out: 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



The arch above the eyes. (3) Allied to SicSAty (in 
^KvWuy) and Sici^os, a skin. 

JiKvpotTf chippings from. hewn stones: allied by Dnn. 
to "iKipoy, hard. (2) Rather from (iJfc, KffCwj ffKvu, to 

^KvpwrhSf paved with stones. — Above. 
2KvrcU)7)a staff, nlace, club; — slip of a tree for 
planting; a rdler or windlass;— 'a serpent of uniform 
roundness and thickness/ Ldd.; — 'a little staff with 
paper or (ffKvros) leather rolled round it, for sending 
private orders to generals:' Forcell. Thus some derive 
it from ffKvrof, And this seems most natural. But 
Damm from {i^, xaintj o-k^u, (as Uuffrhp, a javelin) : 
* such staffs being caxeMlj polished and adjusted for 
the purpose'. 

2KVT0S, perh. also "Xtdyros, and K^os^ cuUSf hide, 
skin, ctUkle: — whip, made of leather. Lat. scutum, 
leathern shield. — See Karros, (2) 'B. |)^w, cKwa: 
Skin from which the hair is shaved off: and besides 
leather (i$« various ways:' Damm. (3) Allied to 
SKcVctf, 2Ki&, 2Kohj XKTvioy: A covering. 

:iKv^0Sf scyphus, a cup, bowl. — *From k6a, to con- 
tain, allied to K^, ctg?, KvrtWov:* Ldd. Note that 
:iKiu0os also is found. 2, as ^fiZKp6s, 

2Kf6A7)(, a worm: — thread from the distaff: — worm- 
shaped cake; — long wave beating against the shore.— 
As 'PeUrcrw, 'ParyAs; 'ApdatrUf *Ai5&7«; so 2/cc4aA.», 
^/c<^A9}| : The grubber, as our Grub. 

:SkwAoi/, an obstacle. — Prop, of thorns, briers, or 
stiikes, from 

. ^KwXos^ like S/ciJAoi^, a pointed stake, — thorn, prickle. 
r-The Homeric (tkc^Aos mfpl-KuwrroSy a stake burnt 
in the fire, would lead to aiccAAw, ^cricoAa, to dry u^ 
(2) 'R. k6\os, clipped:' Dnn. -Xas^fUKpSs. (3) Al 


:^&/ifia^ scoffing, raillery. — B. trK^oma, fhKUfifjuu, 

SKonroubi, ' dwarfs kept by the Sybarites for their 
amusement:' Dnn. I.e. to sport and jest at them. B. 

S/ft^m-w, HffKwpOj to scoff, gibe, Teuton, schoppen. — 
Lenn. from k^ittw. * K6irr<a ^/uao-t, to abuse, revile:' 
(Dnn.). 2 as S/uK/xJy. (2) 'R <rifaii (ftr») foro:* 
Mrt. XKotdirru. 

^Kap, g. ffKarhSj (as "TSwp, SSotos,) dung. -^ Jones 
compares To «cotir. But just as well from Kop4u, to 
brush, clean, as AO/m from Avot. 2, as XfUKp6s. 

2«c«W'» g- tTKojirbs, an owL Bochart from ffK^hrrotf 
r^fto : * Owls imitating the actions of men.' Passow from 
a-KtvTOfiai, lo-Koira, as KAcirrw, KA»«^: From its Staring 
eyes. — Also a dance in which they mimicked the gait 
of an owl. 

Xfidpay^Sf smaragdusj an emeraH or some such : In 

ifxapary4wf to roar as the sea, crash, scream. ' From 
the sound:' Ldd., Dnn., Lenn. Note' that Mapdtnru 
(fut. fiapay&j) is used by Erotian, prob. put for f S/io- 


:ifidpciryifa: in Mdpceyya, 

'Zixdju, Xfi-fix^i to wipe off, wipe clean; — wipe over, 
anoint, besmear. — B. f/icEw, fxdurcfOf to squeeze, l^i- 
fidofjLoUf to grasp. 2, as in :ifUKp6s, 

2/i€p8oiA€or, XfitpdyhSf terrible to look at. --Like 
XfiiKpos. Prob. from fidpfiw, according to the Homeric 
"Oo-ae 8* &M£PAcv aiyfi: The brightness blinded the 
eyes. As said prop, of brass, &c.; then used generally, 
as ^€pSvhv fioiwUf Hom. 

Xtirjyos, *a bee-hive: — ^mostly like 42M02, a swarm 
of bees, &c. : ' Ldd. * B. (iffphs,) ifffiijp:' Dnn. (2) 
B. fudvw, l^ftfivay as Mrjvis : From their then fury. 2 as 
:iuiKp6s, (3) B. (TfidUf ^(rfia€y6s: From the gummy 
substance with which bees smear or line their hives, 
called XMUpioy, 

XfilKphs, the same as MlKp6s, 

"XfjUKij, a scalper, graving-tool, chisel, pen-knife. — Like 
XfUKphs, for f MfATj, allied to VUKphs, Mica, MivtJflw, 
Mt<rr^AAa» to mince, ic.: As chipping into micas, frag- 
ments. So 

"Ziiiv^, an axe, mattock or hoe. — Allied to Minuo, 
Miy^w. See above. 

Xfwy€p!bs, ' poet for VLoy€p6t : ' Ldd. 2 as :ZpiKp6s. 
So Dnn.: laborious, grievous.* As ivVfut. — But rather 
* consuming,' * wearing,' from t^fJi^'X^i fff/mryo*'* 

'Xfdpis, *c«jcry, a mineral substance, polishing precious 
stones. Prop, afiiipts as in Hero. B. apidu, fffiiix^* * 
Dnn. T: see crxTpo*. 

Xtx6pva, like MiJ^^a. And Ldd. from Mu^^a. Say 
an aidj. piv^iva, fiipva, fffA^pva, as XfxtKpSs, 

X/jLvx^f to consume, consume by fire. — *Akin to 
Xfidw, ifiiiX"* 2p^x^- Passow:' Ldd. So Schrevel. 
explains 2/ivx», ' to WEAR^ consume.' 

2aiwSi{, a weal. — * B. fffi<&x^ -' I^nn. 

"XfuixVi * a form and in the sense of Xfi-fixo'i to wipe 
off, clean, pound, beat, grind:' Dnn. 

Xofiapht, strutting, pompous. — From 

2o64m, and 2o4u, (whence XovaBf,) the same as ::Sc«(w, 
to put in motion, drive, drive off, scare; — to be off, 
as 2<J§€i Tpbs "Apyosj get away with you; — ' pass, to 
move with the rapid, hurried Hir of a man of conse- 
quence, pompously and haughtily:' Dnn. *2€cro§77- 
fi€vos vphs J^Jfew, (pushing on to,) all in a fever for 
glory; ao€o<fiiwos o^tfoAi^y, a wild roving eye:' 
Ldd. — *^§e« is prop. *To?4ta sz adte : though some 
senses might seem to point to X46w, a4(ro6aj and 

2({^77, ^a horse's tail or horse-hur fan, to ffoeeiv keep 
off flies: 'Dnn. 

Z6€os, a Satyr : ^ Either from their ff6€7i horse-tail, 
or aoSca to strut, be insolent:' Ldd. — Above. 

X6AoiKoi, an inhabitant of Soli in Cilicia founded by 
the Athenians and speakbg a corrupt dialect : whence 
'ioXoiKtafihs, a solecwn. 

"26X05, a spherical mass of iron like a quoit — For 
SAos, solus, solidus, 'Massa ferri solidi:* Lenn. As 
"EKtj, X4\a5. (2) Hemsterh. * from (r4\fiv or a4K\uy, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



to extend far and wide*: These words seeming to come 
from ci\co», eoXUf to roll. Bound. 

^fuphs^ * porous, light, soft, empty, hollow : ' Dnn. — 
Probably from the same root as V6ipos, called by Dnn. 

• a HOLLOW sound, an EMPTY sound.' (a) Cognate 
with our soft. 

2<$os, a strong rapid motion. — R aoWy in ^o6iv. 

JUoSy safe and sound : in 2«Eor. 

"^ophsj a cinerary um« — deduced by Damm from trSos 
Unhurt, unharmed: As keeping unhurt the ashes of the 
dead. So Gray, * Their bones from insult to protect.' 
Or firom the verb cSw to preserve. — Then a coffin. (2) 

• Very likely, as Passow, from trvphs a heap, i.e. a re- 
ceptacle for bones collected toc^ether:' Dnn. 

:Si$, thy. — 2i, ahs, as €/uS, iftj6s, 

^ov a-ov,^ shoo! shoo! a cry to scare away birds:' 
Ldd. % similarly represents SH in 1ii»^ to command 

SovScipfoi', the Lat. sudarium, ultim. from 08o0p. 

20TKIN02, * made of amber, from Sucdmm, am- 
ber:' Dnn. And this, Pliny from Succus; i.e. sugo, 
sugictUf allied to ^p6s. 

:&ovfiaty to rush: in So^cw. 

:So<purriiSj an ingenious inventor;— aft in a bad sense, 
a sophist — From 

'SiO^Sj intelligent, clever, knowing, learned, wise. — 

• Akin to Sa^s:' Dnn. and Lenn. As So^s is * clear, 
perspicuous, distinct,' so So^s, * clear in his thoughts, 
perspicuous in his ideas.' See the deriv. of Icu^s. 
(a) B. <rc5«, ffctrtifKij ffiffo^: Worthy of reverence. 
(3) * Hebr. sopheh, speculator's Mrt. 

SiraSf^M, to tear off: B. ffvdw, (nraJSfiv, 

'ZtrdSi^, a branch plucked off, esp. of the palm : — of 
a bright red color, like the palm. Above. 

^trdZaVy cui testiculi sunt evulsi. — B. ffircU». See 
above. (2) Angl. spay. 

2ira6(£w, ' to strike the woof with the <nrdBri; hence 
\lay ffTraS^Vf to weave at a great rate, to go fattt; — 
throw away money; — weave, devise :' Ldd. 

:iirdB7ij *any broad blade of wood and metal; 1. broad 
flat piece of wood used by weavers in the upright loom 
for striking the threads of the woof home, so as to make 
the web close [from Kara-air^v tV Kp6iciiv, Etym. M.] ; 
2. a spaddle^spaiida^ for stirring anything; ^.paddle or 
blade of an oar ; 4. the shoulder-blade; 5. broad blade of 
the sword; 6. currying scraper; 7. stem of a palm-leaf, 
also the spathe i.e. sheath of the flower in many plants, 
esp. of the (owd8t|) palm. Lat. tpaiha, our spade, 
paddle:^ Ldd. — ^B. tntcm^ ioTrdBriP : What is drawn out. 

:&itaBitniSj a red deer two years old : * from the shape 
of its horns: 'XrrdBrii* Ldd. *From the appearance of 
the horns:' Dnn. 

Sircu/w, spirOy to breathe hard, pant, gasp with con- 
Tulsive agonies or spasms, from (nrd», as Ya», Vaipw, 

2ra\i(aVy * a machine in a siege to protect the sappers. 
Prob. from ffrrdXioVf for 1^d\^Myl* Schneid. (Only in 


:iraMhSy :iTravihsy rare, scarce, lacking. — * B. tnrdof: 
Con-tracted:' Mrt. * Attenuated by drawing out:* 
Scheide. See 'ZtI{ju, (2) Contr. from 'Zrapv6s, 

'ZwapAaa-m, to tear, rend: from 2ir(ia», to pluck off. — > 
So' fXdLtf, Xap(i<r0-». ' Through the form :SirdfM» in the 
Gramm. Vett.' : Dnn. 

^Tdfryc»oVy a swaddling-band : 'anything which re- 
minds of one's childhood, Uie marks by which one's birth 
is discovered:' Ldd. — B. trwdpyu, 

2irap7cU», to swell, teem, buwt forth with fulness; — 
swell with desire. — B. ffwaipw, imtapKa, to gasp, 
struggle. (2) Schneid. firom trw4px», (3) B. ffwdta: 
To be drawn out, distended. (4) B. arapAinru, 

lieAfrfw, to wrap, swathe, allied to Sirclfm a band, 
and S^ipa a sphere; Qi'rupov indeed is the same as 
the derivative 'Xwdpyoyovi) and allied by Valck. to 
twin, traho, con-traho, draw or roll together, as M^o5 
to fMcU». See SircipM in Swopdo-iTM. 'Liberorum 
corpora con-stringunti' Cic. 

iirapvhs^ * prop, scattered, rare, few. Prob. from 
tnttlptSy ftnrapoVj to scatter : ' Dnn. 

HirdpTTij a rope, as Jirdprop : — * a cord, with a plum- 
met at the end, used by carpenters for marking straight 
lines:' Dnn. 

Stroprioi', the tongue of a balance, allied to TSrrfpny. 
So :ird$fiti is a plummet, and "^iraOfihs a balance. 

:iitdfnov, * a rope, cable, strictly made of :SIIAFT02* 
Homer's cables could not be made of the 2nAPTO:g, 
[Spanish broom,] as it was not known to the Greeks 
till long after. Pliny thinks they were made of another 
spartum, a kind of broom, spartum scoparium:' Ldd.— > 
After all, 'Xvdprov may perhaps be allied to ^girciJMx a 

Sirofrrbr, sown : tnrfiptty tfficaprai. 2irapro2, the 
Sown-men, Thebans who claimed descent from the 
Dragon's teeth sown by Cadmus. 

trrifffuiy Sirour/t^s, rent, convulsion, spasfn, — B. 
(nr(i», %tnrafffuuy to draw asunder* 

JbrariKtiy wantonness, luxury, riot — For ItVaBAXiit 
from inraJdiuu, to spend one's money fast 

IvtndXiov, a bracelet, as also 'SiTtariXn : and ' the 
hair braided and forming a crown on the head : — from 
(nrarciAT}, as being an object of luxury:' Dnn. 

tirariKiiy thin excrement ; gen. human dung. — Ldd. 
and Dnn. take it (as X^Kos, .£ol. XifUoSy luPns,) for 
iTKarlK% from vKwrhs gen. of (riru^p, dung, and tiA« to 
dung. (2) B. mrirosy skin or leather, and rlKKn to 
pluck. So 'ivarlKn is explained also * parings of 

Sirciro;, hide plucked off: From 
:Sir(i», to draw, draw out or forth ; — drsw tight, 
drag, pluck, tear, wrench. — % as in %64to and Sfuicp^t^s: 
and the obsol. firciv, to press, whence wa^, ir({(oi, allied 
to t'^V) irffjLwuy fir(«, irid(u, vi4{u, to press tight 

ivtipa, spira, («p»re,) a twisted fold, coil, band ; — 

twisted rope, cord, net, thong ; — band of soldiers, troop. 

^ — Allied to 2tcUi», ' to haul or drag along', (Dim.): or 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



1o draw (together, close, or tight). See the obss. on 

:iTreipov, a cloth for wrapping round, as 'Xirdpyavov : 
«— a shroud ; — canvass ; — coat of onions. — See above. 

2ir€ipw, to scatter, strew, scatter seed, sow. — As 2iro- 
pdtran (Spargo) to pull to pieces, is referred by Dnn. to 
(rvduf so may airtipu be, in form as ^Beipm^ *AyelpWj 
Mefptf : Dis-traho, di-duco : So Siri^w. There were 

SircKovAdrwp, the Lat speculator ^ a guard ; — others 
for spiculator from spictUum : a javelin-man. 
2ir^Ac0os, the same as Tl4\€dos. 
2trcV8», fut. ow€((rctf as from ^ffirtita or f 0V((8af, to 
pour or offer a drink-ofiering, pour hbations ; make a 
J&wovMij treaty. Spondeo, pledge one's word by treaty. 
— Mrt. allies f Sitcom tof nfetf, Utieia-Kw^ Tlorifuy to make 
(the earth) to drink, as Anacreon : 'H 7^ fi4\aOfa irlvti. 
— Lenn. compares 2?rctpo9, to scatter. — And 2irc^5w, 
2irff>x"» to urge, propel, may be noticed. 

Sir^os, a cave. — B. owdw, (nrapda<r«, traho, dis- 
>tniho: Dis-tractum, dis-ruptum, di-vulsum. */2«p- 
tura mentis vel terrie : ' Lenn. Compare J^Tdfffia. See 
the formation of %rf(pw. 

'ZvfpfjLOj seed, sperm, — R ffvtipw, 
JS,ir4px»f to drive or hasten forward; — ^midd. to haste, 
speed, as UlEii^u to which it is allied. — 2ir» tls rh 
HpX^aOcu was the old idea. ? 

2ir€i^«, to propel, urge on, SPEED, Teuton, spoeden, 
Germ, ^ptwfen.— 'B. €ir«, ^mtoVy tnrtw \ Gramm. Vett. :' 
Dnn. : To make to follow. In form as Yc^w, ESSw. 
(a) *B. t^^«, ir(«, intQa, to press tight:' Lenn. 
Compare IlEl^v, TIEftTw. 

Sw^Xmov, Speknm, ^triiXvy^, Speluncaj a cave. — 
B. mreoy. 

Stt^St};, 2)r(8<o;, extended. — B. fnri{n, 
:Sir(^a, liirlyost ' a small pi^nng bird, a kind of finch :' 
Ldd. From the sound <nri, whence Sir^w. to pipe, chirp. 
Jivipos (nrl(o»Vy Arat : A finch piping. 'Akin is Uiirl(o» , 
Pipio : prob. imitative :' Dnn. And our ;>tpin^ bird. 

'Siri((a, to extend.— ^'A-kin seems 2irii» :' Dnn. I.e., 
to draw out at length. See ^Zvtlpu. 

Jimeofiii, a span. — *B. ffirffw: From the end of the 
thumb to the end of the little finger extended:' Dnn. 

SirtAAr, 2ir(Aor, * a rock, cliff : they have a common 
origin with Sir^os, Sir^Awy^. ^iviKas yrj, argillaceous 
earth, is akin to TlriKds :* Dnn. — The Etym. M. says, 
AiBos 'ESnAlSMENOS 6ir6 KVftdrwv: i.e. from fair(» 
= (T'KdM. See 2ir(^», ^ir^tpa. Torn, rent. 

lixTKos, a spot, stain. — Jones compares to «pot2, 'i.e* 
corrupt, mar, properly SPILL, spillan Sax. :* (Dr. J.) 
— Hemst. from <nri(» : Extending itself on a surface, 
(a) B. t""**. irlvw, to drink in, imbibe. Or f irf«, iric^w, 
to press firmly. 2, as "^fUKpis. (3) Mit. for <r(p7Xos 
from (ri^\o5 a defect. 

'SiriyB^py a spark. — Hemsterh. allies it to ^ir((wy 
to draw out, 2ir((f>», scatter. * Claras scintillas dis- 
m^ ignis :* Lucret» For SwiO^p, and so like 'SiTciBdp.ti. 

N as XaN0eUw. (2) Orig. ffKiv^p, whence sciathe* 
ruta, scintilla : from ffx^C^- * Silici sctatUlam ex- 
cudit Achates :' Virg. See n in allarlKTi, — Or allied 
to KXvaBl(w, to be in rustling motion. See "SkIvo^. 

^TrXdyxt^cty pi., the bowels, entrails. — 2 as 'XiMcpSs * 
for UKdyx^^ froui irXci^w, 7|», ircirAa7xa, to wander 
about: As being in continual motion. So Dia from 
E(A^w. Lenn. explains it Tortuous. 

'iirXa.yxviiofuUy to yearn in the bowels, have com- 
passion on. — Above. * My bowels 1 my bowels ! I am 
pained at my heart :* Jer. 4. 19. 

SirXcicdctf, coeo: ' k wA^kw,' Hemst. 2, ut JifuKpSs. 
2irAifS6r, ashes. jSpledeo, spleNdeo. — 2 as ^fuKp6s. 
For v<p\riMs, (as iffUdpayoSt iur^dpoeyos,') allied to 
*\(«, to hresik. forth in eruptions, to ^Kiyot, &c. 

2IIAHN, the spleen. — Dnn. allies it to ^vKdyxvay. 
But ? 

Z&voyy&s, a sponge, — From +w<J«, wfiStrw, to imbibe. 
2 as o-trA6K(J«. In. form as ♦60770?, ♦^oj, 2^f77«. 
(2) Damm from airdwj as attracting moisture. (3) 
* B. saphog, safanga, Arab., a sponge :' Mrt. 

2iro8c», ' to knock off <nroZ6s ashes or dust ; — gen. 
knock, smite, beat, dash ; — also = fiiv4» \ — and like 
na(», ♦Arfw, &c. to eat greedily, devour, gulp down :' 
Ldd. The last sense from beating to powder, consuming, 

tiroliioo, to roast in the cnroZhs ashes. 
2ir($8to9, ash-coloi-ed. — From 
SiroS^s, hot ashes, ashes, dust. — Soft for 2§o8or, 
from f 2$6a), f ^o-^oa, <r€4wufu : Extinguished fire. 

SiroA^s, a leathern garment : thought by Dnn., &e., 
the same as SroA&s, and Lat. StolcL Thus aTd^ioVj 
trllddiovy sPatium: T^<r<rcv6y and Uiffcrvpcs: Taf&voSj 
Pavonis. (2) R trictJAov, a coverlet, dress. As A^Kos, 
luPus. O, as /iTAiy, mOla, 

2iroif8c7o; irovSf the spondee, agreeing well with 
iToyScToy fifXoSy a SOLEMN melody used on occasion 
of tnroi'Sal libations. 

:ivovhii, a libation, drink-offering in making treaties ; 
— agreement. — R ovev^u. 

:iv6vliv\05j ':&<p6vhv\0Sj knuckle or turning-joint of 
the spine ; — whirl of the spindle ; — counter or pastern 
bone used in voting.— The sense of whirl of the spindle, 
and the word o-^oi^SvAo-AINHTOS, point the origin to 
2(f>€9ay6s, Ji(p6^pa, Sirei^Sw, &c., as. words implying 
quick motion. 

'Xvoph, a sowing, &c — R«<nrffp«, ttnropa, 
SirovSj), haste, quickness, diligence; — earnestness, 
attention, seriousness, and 2vov8d((«, to be senous. — 
R avfi^Wy lowovSo. 

:iirvpaSy 2ir{fpaBos, dung of goats or sheep. — * Orig. 
perh. any round mass, from <nr€ipa : Ball-dung :* Ldd. 
and Dnn. iEoIic form. Much as :i(pvpa and :i<t>alpa. 
Even in Latin were llbens, lUbens ; and Gr. /3l§Aos, 
jST^Aos. So 

^xvpisj allied to Sircipa, as above : A round plaited 
basket, fish-basket 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



2ra7tt>v, a drop : ffrdtfai, ttrrayov. 

"XraBioVj a fijied distance : — a stadium^ race-coarse, 
race. — From 

'Xrdj^ios, standing erect, firm. Also, of a close battle, 
Stataria pugna. — B. o-t^w, artiSi^v: (Z) Our stayed, 

Srdfw, to drop, distil. — Evidently from "fffrduy to 
stand, as f AcU, Ad(ofMU ; f^aw, fTaioi, Teraydv, 
Thus Dr. J. explains To Stand * to stop, halt ; to stag- 
nate, not to flow*; and A Stand, *a stop, halt ; — stop, 
interruption', — exactly agreeing with a figuratiTe sense 
of To Drop in Dr. J., ' to intermit, to cease.' 

J^To^epdSt steady, firm, &c., as Jird^ios, J^TaBtp^L^ 
the noon, when the sun is stationary. — B. trrioy, <to, 

:STa^€^«, to bum, roast, fry. — Either as done by a 
steady fire, or it is taken from the burning heat of noon: 
both of which in J^raBepds. Some say, from ararhs = 
ara0€pdsj and c5w, to bum. 

^TaOfido/jLcUf to weigh, consider.— See the two below. 

^STadfiTf, a carpenter's plumb-line or level, standing 
straight ; — a rule or line ; — rope for a goal or limit, 
whence the butt-end of a spear ;~8ome say, the hilt of 
a sword. — R. (TTooij iarddriy. So 

J^raBfjibs, a pillar, door-post. From standing straight. 
As above. — Also a station, haliing-place for men or 
animals to stand : — a stable, as Sto, Stabdvm^ ffrarhs 
Xmros, — A steel-yard, as Lat statera, — also weight of 
the balance, scale, balance. Here "f^rdta is to weigh, 
i.e. to make to stand or set in the balance. 

Srais, dough. — R (rrdto : from its consistency. As 
Horace of ice : ' Flumina corutiteritU ' So Sr^'op is 

ZSraAc^^w, SroAao-o-w, the same as Srof^w. So Y(£», 

SroXts, a stake or pole set up erect for nets: — a 
small pillar : trrdw. 

:SrafiivfSy the ribs of a ship standing up from the 
keel. — B. f o-rcfw, tarafiai. 

2to/xi'os, a jar, bottle. — R. iardfifvos or trrdfievos, 
* $tetit uma,' Hor., and, ' Ad-stat echinus.^ * Stat due- 
tis sortibus uma,' Virg. 

^^irdtrifioSf stationary ^ fixed, steady : and 

Sroo-iy, position, posture ; — standing up or together 
of the people, revolt, &c, — R. (ttow. 
•^ "Zrar^p, a weight ; a coin — R. (rraw, tjTHiu, to 
weigh, as in 'XraBfjL6s, 

iSiTavpbsy an upright stake or pale. R, erdu, f rrra- 
fp6s : Standing up. And "Xraupda, to impale, crucify. 

'StTaipXSy a dried grape, raibiii. — Alli^ to 2ti5^», 
to condense. As yKK^vp6s and yKtipto. Prop, from 
f<rTo«, sto, con-sto. — Ldd. allies it to Sra^i/X^. 

Sto^wA^, 'Xra<pvK\s^ a grape, a bunch of grapes. — 
Ewing from ffrd(fa. * As distilling its juice :' Schrevel. 
Rather, allied to it, through ^crrdxa. Compare ^dw, 
V^*os, ^a^ap6s, (Z) Allied to Srcigw, &c.: as 
trampled on in the Tats. See 'XriiA<pv\ov, So A in 

ffTpAyySs, (9) Seemingly firom oro^cr. But how as 
to the sense ? 

Sra^vA.^, * the uvula in the throat when swollen in the 
lower end so as to resemble a grape on the stalk :' Ldd« 

2ra0vAi7, the plummet in a carpenter's level. — Like 
XrABfirjy and from jffrduj as 'Vri^os from "Vdu, And so 

JiTaxdmfif a balance, as the last Sto^^Xi}. 

':&TdxvSf an ear or spike of com, from its standing 
erect ; — from f ot^, f ^(rroica. * A spike in any plant, 
and a plant in general : met. the fruit, produce, — a 
child, offspring :' Dnn. 

f 2t^, "Xrliffot : in 'lardw. 

iSr^op, «To$, dough ; — tallow, suet. — From the 
consistency. R t<^T6», f o-t^, <to, con-sto. So STOiS. 

Sxryij, a covering, roof, house. — R criyv. 

J^reyvoSf ^reyaybs, covering, enclosing ; — covered in, 
close, firm, solid. From 

2t^», to cover, protect, hide. — Prop, to make close 
or compact, from f (ttcw, iardu^ to make to stand firm. 
Allied to 2T4(f>u, ^rtlSw, Stipo, :St^<». T as ^IfiTar. 
(Z) *Hebr. tecA, to overlay:' Wr, Note T^o$ and 

:iT(l€wy to press down, tread or stamp on; — tread 
close in the footsteps of another, follow close upon. 
Stipoi contHpo. To stive. ^- See above. In form as 
'A/xe/^w, eKiiv. 

2tciA«&, the hole into which the handle of an axe 
(rreXAerai is sent. 

1r€i\tihv, the handle of an nxe fitted In the SrciXeicL 

7,T€pay ' the trruph stout beam of a ship's keel, esp. 
the curved part of it, the cutwater :' Ldd. See :ir€pt65, 

Srcipo, a barren cow, sterilis. — R oTcp^w, But 
Dnn. says : ' Prop, hard, hence sterile.' See ^rtji^Ss. 

2t6(x«, to go on in a row or order; — gen. to go, 
journey. And 2tI^, orix^r, a row. — 2 as in :S,fAiKp6s, 
R. fr^o), Tfiywy to stretch out in order, as fT^, Tdfftru. 
(2) From the idea of standing close upon one another, 
allied to 2tc^$«, 2t(4>m, Stipo, 'Xrifipw. 

l,TiKyht 2TA.€77ly, a flebh-brash, scraper, — a band 
of gilt leather for the head^ *R (Tt^AAm, to adora 
(the limbs) :' Mrt., as Ldd. explains ariKKwQax * to b« 
di-essed, decked.' Or from (ttcAAw, *to constrict,' 
(Dnn.) Also ' something useil to draw wine from a 
cask, but the form not explained ' (Dnn.). Q. ? 

:ST6Ae^, SrcAc^v, a handle, as SretActci. 

:gr^A6xos, ' the crown of the root whence the stem or 
tronk springs; — gen. a trunk, log, akin to stalk:* Ldd. 
* Trunk, stem, log :' Dnn. — 2 as 'XfUKp6s. R. tcAAw, 
*to arise or be produced', (Dnn.): From which the 
trunk springs. Sirt. and others say, * What (rrcAAeroi 
is sent from the root.' — In form, much as rtfiAXO^ 

:gT€AA», to set in order, fit out, equip, dress; — get 
ready in order to send, then to send, despatch ; — send 
or take down, contract, shorten the sail ; — wrap up. — 
Dnn. makes the proper sense to be, * to place, fix, set up;' 
whence (like Sr^A?},) St€AA» may be from f crr^ai, (as 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



Y(!», ^dKKu,) to make to stand, a word which Schneid. 

recognizes. And see ffrEyu^ arEiice, trrE^, &c. (2) 

R fr^, reivojf as rdu, rdaaw^ to set in order. (3) 

Lenn. allies it to TeAcw to perfect, finish. 

■ :SrcX/Mv^ai, *prob. a local form for TfXofi&vfsi* 


Jiri/xSot, to shake by itamping: allied to 2tc(§c0 
Also to insnit, i.e. trample on. (2) Oar «tomp,and its 
Northern affinities. 

St^ju/uo, a wreath, chaplet — R. ariifxay iffrtfipML 
' 2r4fjupvKov, olives or grapes already stamped or 
pressed. — R (rr4fA6a. 

Z&Ttphs, close, narrow. — - Allied to ^rdSwj to make 
close; :Src^», *£iri.o-Ti4>», to fill; :Srt^(v, to conden&e, 
constrict, 2ti}», &c. Formed much as r^vos, Mivos. 

SWi'w, Srevci^w, :gTcv^x<'* to groan, sigh, from 
arev6s, as feeling pent up, reduced to straits, oppressed. 
' From the stifled sound emitted through pent or con- 
tracted bodies:' Dnn. ' From the choking, stifling sen- 
sation which produces sighs:' Ormst. 'So Tifiu and 
Gemo : ' Ldd. (a) Thiersch allies Germ, ttein, * stone *, 
as 'close, hard.' 

2Wf>7ai'05, dung, sieretu. — R vr€p€6s, firm, hard, 
stiff. Compare T in aripVu. (a) As ' dried ' from 
rdpaofj to dry, whence Lat. tergo, 

'Xripyta, to love tenderly, as parents and children ; 
said also of kings and people, a country and its colonies, 
less freq. of husband and wife; — ^gen. to fall in with the 
wishes of, acquiesce in, am contented with ; — to ask in 
a loving manner, as Plautus: * Scin' quid te amabo ut 
facias?' — From OTf^jios, firm, strong: Am firmly at- 
tached to. So 'Xrofrfy is natural affection. 

Srfpebs, Srcipor, Sre^^^s, '^ript^os^ solid, firm. — 
R t<rT€«, t^rrrfw, to stond firm, as St^^, Srcfgw, *0- 
-(TT^ov, 2tjJ«. (Z) ' Or Hebr. izvr, to bind close : ' Wr. 

:grcf>4u, to deprive, bereave. — ' From the sense of 
deprivation, laying waste, it may be akin to Srcpc^s, 
j&r€f^ds, barren : ' Dnn. I.e. to make ^artpov barren. 
(3) • CKald. STR, destruo :' MrL 

irtpvov, the breast, * prop, the anterior bony part of 
the chest: allied to ISrepcdi^, Srcp^oi', firm:' Dim. 

^ripofxcUf to lack, want, lose: allied to ^rtpioa, to 

^grfpoir^, the same as *A<rrfpo'irfi. 

:ST€^fiAs, * stiff, firm, hard, strong;— of lands, stony, 
barren, aterUis:* Ldd. See in ^reptSs, 

'XT4p<f>oSf a hide, skin, husk. — R. ffrtpitposj hard. 
« Strictly anything firm or tight:' Ldd. See "EBvos. 

StcO/uu, to stand on the spot : — to stand to it, affirm, 
declare, promise, boast, threaten. * To stand up and 
promise:' Dnn. The Latins say * stare promissis,' to 
stand to one's promise. — R fo-rectf, ar^tc. 

2r€0(£n}, a crown, wreath, peak, battlement, helmet, 
&c. : 2Tc<|>avor, crown, victory, battlement, fortified wall 
crowning the city. — From 

:Zr4ipw, to encircle closely or thickly, encompass, cover, 
as 2t67», crown, wreath: — fill up to the brim.— 

Allied to 25r€7«, Sretew, 25t<J^«, &c. through fSr^ctf^ 
2r^«, f 2rc{». 

^Trjdos, the breast;— * a breast-shaped hill or bank of 
sand or earth in a river or the sea, as Dorsum (immane 
in Virg.): — prob. from ^(Trdca, (^(Tt^^v,) That which 
stands np :' Ldd. and Dnn. Or which stands fii-m, as 
:tr4pvov. So * l,riivioVy a breast, from or^voi, firmum 
stare:' Greg. The breast bone, as l,r4pvov. 

IrhKnt an upright stone, pillar, slab, monument, 
boundary-post. — R <ndn, aTa4\rj, (rHiXrn Standing 
up. 2t^A>?v (TT^trw, Aristpph. : I will raise a pillar. 
Plautus: Statuam statm, Horace has ^tontem colum- 
nam. See Is. 46. 7. 

2T>7\ir€Vfl0, to publish any one's infamy by placarding 
it on a public column. — Above. 

'SiT'fifjMVy the warp in the upright loom at which the 
weaver stood; — a thread spun. — R. f<rT4«, Hcrrrifxai. 
Lat. stamen. 

2THNIA, a festival at Athens in which the women 
indulged in gross jests and gibes. SxTji'KJa;, so to in- 
dulge. — Q. if from Stt^wov below : * Breasts,' as being 
indecently exposed. ? — There was a place at Athens so 

"Xr^vtov : See in 'ZrijOos, 

:irrjpi(ta, to set up fast, fix up firm; — confirm, 
establish. — R f crrciw, f (rraep^r, -faratplia : To make to 
stand. So Srepedf. 

St^ttj, a woman. — * Let us bring it from Ti^^:* Mrt. 
2, as :S,yuKp6s. So Scheide compares it with Tir96s. — 
Very rare. In II. 1. 6 for Sicmtt^tijv some curiously 
read Zik (rr^yrnv, 

2t(o, Sreio, a small stone, pebble. — * Only diff. from 
Itik by a dialectic variety :' Dnn. That is ^icth, Sxtd. 
As SroAis for SToXctr. So sTudeo from crlleiiSw, 
lirllvSov, ^(rUvh4a. 

TiTiSapbf, packed dose; *ani so, thick, strong, stout, 
sturdy:' Ldd. — R ffTeiSw^ iariiov: allied to Xrt^pdSf 
stout, strong, and our Stiff. 

:Sri§c^$, a bed of straw or rushes prop, stuffed into a 
mattress. — R aT€i€wt as Soph, areirrr^ <pvWdi. 

XriSrif frozen dew, rime: like ^TiSapSs. So TLaxvs, 


2TIBI, 2TIMMI, black oxide of antimony. — Q. ? 

2W5os, a trodden or beaten path, track; — going, 
gait. — R as Srigcfs. 

2T^7/ta, a stigmoj brand of infamy. — And 

^Tiyfi^j a puncture, point of time, moment; — point 
of Htop. — From 

2t(^w, to prick, goad, brand, make marks or spots. 
— Prop, to brand with a hot iron by way of punishment, 
from Ti«, t^ifw, o'T*C«i as 'X/JUKpds, Dr. J. explains a 
Brand * a mark made by burning a criminal with.' 

2r£A§£0, to glitter, shine. — R o-rfAij, a drop, as 
^eAos, fx4Mlw. Waller has ' Those little drops of light! 
So Pope uses drops for diamonds. — Or (rrf At;, viewed as 
a small bit, ^ comparing Mica, a morsel, and Mico, to 
. glitter. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



:irl\ii, a yeiy little bit, a drop,«<»72a:^« mrnnent, 
'^reyfi'fi. Indeed ^riKri seems allied to :ST/(iv, as 
Panctos, a point, to Pan^o. 

2tI|, g. arixhSf and ^rlxos, a row, line, order. — B. 

Sriirrds, ^Srctirrd;, trodden down, close, firm, solid: 
loa^li. — B. artiSM. 

2ri<pos, a bodj of men in close array, close column; 
and of ships. — Above, (a) Our SHff, Stuff, Stifle. 

:iTi<^s, close-packed, stuffedj compact, stout, strong; 
trriiapds. — Above. 

"SrKiyyis; in ^rtXyls, * 

:iTo^, iSrw^, a porch, portico, gallery; — roof or shed 
to protect besiegers; — * and, (as prob. of a long shape, 
and supported by pillars,) a storehduse, magazine, ware- 
house:' Ldd. Hence the Srcoucol, Stoic*, from the 
painted portico where Zeno taught. — 'Prop. a pillar, 
but usu. a gallery, porch. R. prob. f orrfw, otA, tffrrjfu : 
Pnn. Like 2r^\i7, HtvKos. Standing up as a tent. 

1^t6SoSj abuse, insult — B. orcifiw, iffroia, to 
trample on. 

2roiST7, a herb used in making, bedSj and in stuffing 
pillows or cushions; — a stuffing into compositions by 
way of filUup. — R. arti€», IcrroiSo. 

irotx^Tov^ an element or constituent principle, ' from 
the arrangements of which other things proceed,* Junes: 
but Schneid. * from the letters of the alphabet in a row 
whence words are formed.' So it means a letter, first 
elements, rudiments. From aroixosj a row. :irotxf^op 
is also the pin of a sun-dial, by the shadow of which the 
hours are marked. In this sense Dnn. allies it to 
:iTOixos, an upright stake. 

iSroixor, a row, rank, Xrlxos. Also an upright stake 
for supporting hunters' nets: as being in trroixois rows. 
'Series pl&garum :' Steph. — R. artlxot. 

^To\iif :SroA/i^s, dress, robe, stola^ stole, — R (ttc'AAw, 

2To\/8cr, folds in a garment and in the forehead : 
i.e. contractions, as in the next. — R. (tt^AAv, to contract. 

^t6\os, preparation,, equipment, armament, band of 
troops, people; — dress, as stola, stole j — journey, voy- 
age. R. (TtcAAm. Also, the projecting part of the 
prow, beak of a vessel, i. e. says well Hesych., as con- 
tracted to a narrow point; for 2rcAA» is to bring to- 
gether, to contract 

:STd/Aa, the mouth; — *the whole face: — the fore- 
most part, front, of weapons the point, the edge, point of 
a sword:' Ldd. — As iSiuKpds. R. rofi^, a cutting, 
opening. Dnn. gives :ir6fia the senses ' orifice, aperture, 
entrance,' and Ldd., ' a chasm or cleft in the earth.' 

'XT6fiaxos, an orifice, — throat, — orifice of the stomach, 
the stomach. — R. trrdfia, as MSvaxos, Tdpaxos. 

:ST6fiioVy small mouth or aperture; — ^bridle-bit for the 
mouth. — R. ardfjui. 

:irofi6uj to block up the ^T6fta mouth, muzzle, gag; 
— furnish with a mouth or opening: — furnish with an 
edge or point, (See Sr^fta,): ' met give an edge to the 

tongne, impart wit or eloquence, or render sharp of in- 
tellect, — strengthen, invigorate:' Dnn. 

:Srd/A^r, ' strictly a full mouth; hence lofty phrases; 
bombast; — scoffing, abase:' Ldd. So Jones: Loud- 
mouthed. — ' From arSfui;* Ldd. Compare Srwfi^Aos. 
(2) From trtitMio, and allied to 'XrdBos. 

l^rdvoSy 'Zrovaxht » groan. — R. irrivta. 

%r6wlt anything brought to a artvhv narrow point, 
point of a spear, edge of a rock. — R. ar«»ds, 

SropT^: in J^Tdpyot. 

^liropiu, 2rop4vriifU, f2r/>^», f St/mSw, strow or 
strew, Lat. stemo, to spread, level, lay prostrate, pro- 
stemo: — lay the wind, nuke tranquil, as ' Straverunt 
aaquora venti,' Virg. — > 2 as in "lifwcphSf-BJod in the two 
next For rop4w, from tc(/m», riropa, tero, to rub avray, 
wear away, hence to make smooth and level, ' ssquare' as 
Forcell. says of Stemere: and as is seen in T€p4w, 
T6pyos, Topy&Vy Topv9v»^ to round off. Thus Stemo 
viam, to lay or floor with stone ; and Stemo lectnm, to 
make a bed, &o , carry the idea of making things equable 
and level. So gen. to lay out level and flat, to strew or 
stretch out at length. Thus Ldd. makes SropcVvvjUi 
' to spread smooth, level.' (2) Our sireWf strow, 
strawan Goth., stroyen Du., stroe Dan., &c But the 
O in (rrop4u marks out the Greek as prior. 

2r6p$ii, the point of a weapon. J^rdpOvy^, the point 
of a stag s horn. ^TopQyiif a pointed surgical instru- 
ment.— All these (as 2 in S/uicpos) from roptw, to 
pierce, iropidfiv^ ^irSpBriv. So 

2r6pv7i, a girdle. - As :ifiiKp6s. For Tdpimi. Top- 
vos b * that which la turned, a curcle, round :' Ldd. 

1^t6xo5, a mark or object, aimed at in a straight 
line. — R. trrux», foroxa-'. said of things moving in a 
straight line. 

Sr^Xo^t a guess ; "XroxdCopMif to conjecture. — Above. 
We say, I made a good hit So an Aim is explained by 
Dr. Johnson ' conjecture, guess,' quoting Shakspeare : 
' A man may prophesy. With a near aim, of the main 
chance of things.' 

^rpae6s, 'SrpaS^, who has a twist in the eye, a 
squint — R. arpi^, ^i<npaUov. 

%rpa.yyix% a twisted cord, halter. SrpayyoXia^ 
noose, snai-e ; — artful question. And 

"XTpayy^iw, to twist, turn about, hesitate, waver, 
tarry. — From 

STpoyydy, twisted, crooked. — ^Aa ffTe*« and orefw, 
so trrpi^u and f orpifra;, arpayy6s. So *A'arpdyaAo5t 

^TpdyyWf stringo, to draw tight, squeeze, squeeze out 
— Prop, to make tight by twisting : compare Srpayy6s. 

(2) R (rrcpc^orirrcp^, &7x«: '\<rr(pdyxti»,'f(rrpdyx»» 

(3) * Akin to stringo. Germ, strangen :* Dnn. 
^rpcb^l, g. aTpayy6if a drop, fluid running by dn>{«» 

— Above : Squeezed out 
:&rpdirrWf like *Aarpdirro0, 
^rparhSf an encamped army, a host ; prop. * czer* 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



citns strdiug* a nnmber scattered over the pkm. As 
our- Strewed. Allied to Srop^o), ^^rpSa^ f^Tpdw, 
Stravij Stratum, The Etym. M. has a form 'Xrpw- 

2Tp€€\hsj twisted, bent, crooked, squinting, wrinkled : 
— froward. — R. arp4^^ ^HffrptSov. 

XrpefifjMj a strain, sprain. — ^B. trrpi^^ terptf^uu. 

:XrpeirrhSf bent, twisted, easily twisted, pliant. Subst., 
a collar of twisted or linked metal ; — a twist, twisted 
cake, as our Tart from Torta. — R orp^. 

Jirpt&yofjuu, short for :iTpayy€^of4atj * to be squeezed 
out in drops ; — to be gradually drained of one's strength, 
worn out, wearied, distressed :' Ldd. Wear away little 
by little. 

Srpc^u, to turn, twist, bend, change. — * 2rp^» and 
Tpeirw are only different forms : * Dnn. From pf. r4- 
rpf^a, IS, as J^fwcpos. 

'Srpnv^s, rough, harsh. See in 

^irpripos, * luxury, and so asperity of manners, iero- 
city, insolence. B. ar€p4» to deprive, ^Woc, a bridle : 
from a horse bursting its reins :' Schleusn. * The life 
of such as have shaken off eyery rein or restraint :' 
Ewing, Mrt, Pkh. As Lat ef-fhenis. (2) Yet perhaps, 
with irpTit^Sy rough, from rpaa^Sf sharps Ion. rpiji^s. 
2, as 'Zfwep6s, 

^rpiioSf * a weak fine voice, the root of 2rpi€t\ucly^j 
' a fraction,' * the very least,' ace. to the Schol. Aristoph. 
Ach. 1034, though he expressly distinguishes it from 
A1AI7I, a bird's voice :* Ldd. irplBos seems allied to 
2Tpffw, and Ainiy^ to Atyis. ^2Tpi€tXiyty^» 

j&rply^j a screech-owl. — R. ffrplfu^ y^tc. 

^rplyi, the fluting of a pillar, mentioned by Vitruv. 
10. 15, but Steph. tells us that another reading thero is 
:SOpty^, which Tumebns supports. 

:&Tpl(wf to cry shrilly, scream : allied to StrideOj 
Stridor, — '' For rpiita :' Mrt. 

Irpi^vhs^ := ffTUpp6s, Through l^rfyi^s, 

2rpo§ca>, to turn, whirl. — R arp4<pWy ^HfffpeSop, 
•f ItCTpogo. So ^irpoipHo. 

"^TpdilKoSj a top; — ^whirlwind; — cone of the pine- 
tree ; conical ear-ring : and 

Jirp6€oSt a whirling round, top. — R. arpoBiw, 

Jirpoyy6?ioSj round; — well-rounded, neat, terse. — 
Allied to J^rparfY^iWf ' to twist, wind,' Ldd., and "XTparfm 
yhsy twisted. 

i^rp6/x€o5j ' a body rounded or spun round, a top ; — 
snail-shell ; — whirlwind ; pine-cone ; — spindle :' Ldd. 
— Like J&TpSios, 

. "^rpovShSj a small bird as a sparrow. 'O fiiyas arrpov- 
0hs was the cmis-stnUhia or ostrich. — I believe from 
f trrpAw, as Passer from Pando, Passum : Strewed (pas- 
sim) everywhere about the ground, i.e. common. Hence 
Pope says, And envies every sparrow that he sees. 
See Matth. x. 29, 31. Compare 'Srpardi. 

^TpwpdXiy^j whirl, whirlwind, orbit, hinge; — Srpo- 
4»^, turning round of the Chorus to the audience; — 
Sr/HW^erov, twisted chord ; — 2TfwJ^»7|, vertebre, pivot, 

cock of a pipe ; — :Srp<$^(oi', a band ; — 2rp<{0o5, cord, 
girdle, braid ; &c.— -AH from trrpi^^ tlcrrpo^a, 

J^rpvfiovlas, a violent wind from the Strymon in 

'Xrpv^vhsj as "Zipi^vhs, stiff ; — stiff in temper, harsh, 
austere ; — ^harsh in taste, rough, astringent. 

IrpSoyM, what is stretced or strotoiij or spread out to 
lie on, mattress, couch ; — covering for a bed, coverlet ; 
— ' plur. patchwork, such as these coverlets were often 
made of ; —hence the name of a miscellaneous volume ; 
— also piles for laying bridges on :' Ldd.— B. <rTOf>e», 
^arp6w, to strew. Stratus lectus, strata, 

:gTpc0T^pe;, ^ the rafters laid upon the bearing beam ; 

— the laths nailed acrdss the rafters :' Ldd. — Above. 
liTpwl>d6f, to turn ; — midd. to turn up and down in 

a place, keep turning in it, and so abiding in it, as Lat. 
*versor,* *conversor,' 'conversant,' — R. (rrpi<pa^i<Trpo<pa. 

Snry^fi') to hate ; -^ to make hateful and horrid. — 
R. ffrlvj to stand stiff i.e. with horror at, to stand 
amazed. 2rt}(cv is mentioned by the Gramm. Yett 

2rSXos, as St^Ai?, a pillar, column, support; — a 
stylus for writing with, whence stifle. — ^B. arbvy f (rr(£«, 
to stand erect 

3lTi»{, g. oTiry^ff, the river Stifx ; prop, the Hateful 
or Hated, and used for hatred, abomination. Also a 
fatally cold well in Arcadia : hence Al "Zr^es, piercing 
frosts. As horrid : R. irrvyia. 

'X'rhniy Sr^inny, tow, stupa, stuppa. — * Composed 
chiefly of the rind next the stalk of hemp or flax, hence 
R ar{mos. Others from <rT6(««, [ar^^,] as used in 
stuffing:* Dnn. 

'Xriiros^ stipes, a stem, stalk, stock, stump, stake, slick. 

— Like 2ri;\o5, from a stake standing straight and 
erect, (a) Dnn. says : * R. <rTtJ^«, akin to <mi€a.* 

'XTvpaxiQaa, to stab with a 

2Tt(pa{, the spike at the butt-end of a spear-shaft.-— 
Ldd. allies it to 2T(<pdu|, a spike. We may add Sto- 
pvvri. (a) Scheid from (rT^w,'f (rrifc*, sto : As making 
the shaft stand firm in the ground. 

Srv^cAffo), to treat harshly,' roughly: — From 

2ri;0€A6s, T^rwp\6s, close, solid, hard, rough ; — rough 
to the taste, astringent, sour; — handi, severe. — See 

'^h-v^K&Kos, soft for ^Tuwo-iccJwoy, k&ktwv striking 
with a (TT^os stick : Ldd. 

"SriifWj * to constrict, condense ; — to be astringent ; 

— to steep wool in an astringent mixture; — to have 
a sour taste, (make astringent).—- Akin to "SteiBu* 
R ariu, akin to crrduj Hemst. :' Dnn. Sto, con-sto. 
*Geln Flumina con-stiterirU acuto.' (a) Our stuff, 
stiff, so Dnn. Stif, Sax. styf, Swed., stvfur, Icel. 

2Tt/«, tentigine laboro : = \<rriM, sto, erectufc * B. 
T<rT>7|«:' Dnn. 

:irmK6s : In 7ir6a. 

'XraiiiXos, active with the (rTrf/*a mouth, loquacious, 


Digitized by LjOOQIC 



2T, TT, Tu, Thu Sax., du Datch, and oar thou, — 
Q. ? — Is it possible that 'Zh can be allied to :Si^i'? As 
it always supposes one present WITH another. So Nvi^ 
and Nu. We find t^Nt; for 2T or TT. 

2^a{, Instfal, mttisb, in the manner ov^s of a hog : 
o-i/fa|. So Lat nibare, 

'Sv€api(uj to live like the luxurious people of i%6am 
in Italy. 

:gt;6^n}, a flute-case. — Jones and Mrt from trvs, 
<rv6s : * As made of hog's skin.' fSv^i^, crwf^nj, as <r^- 
Ba{. IZurjvbSf swinish, is found. 

J&vKoy, a wart, and hemorrhoidal tumor or piles. — 
So called from 2TKON, a fig. 

:&vKo-<pdyrriSj * an informer against persons exporting 
figs £rom Attica, or plundering sacred fig-trees; — in- 
former, false accuser ; — also, a false adviser :' Ldd. 
Hence our Sycophant — B. vvkov, (fxUyv W^oyrox. 

2TKX02, foccitf, a soch^ *socc Sax., soeke Teut, 
tockr Icel., a very ancient and Phrygian word : See 
Wachter and Serenius : ' Todd. * A Phrygian shoe :' 

2v\(itf; to strip ofi^, drag off, plunder, pillage. — Here 
A and P agree, as in 7A^^, yPd^xo ; kA/^o^os, KPiia- 
vos ; and avjJuo is allied to avfw^ to pull, drag along, 
&c. (2) R ffiv, <rc^, * to chase, drive away *, (Dnn.) 
Then ff6\ri^ evhAta. (3) ' Hebr. *e/, to strip off:' Wr. 

JivWafi^y a tyUable; from \a€ii : i.e. where two or 
more letters are taken ahv together. 

:STN, ETN, with, along with, together with, in con- 
formity with.— -Jamieson allies it to Goth. tarn. 

li^y-tffiSf the power of putting together ideas, com- 
-prehension, ap-prehension, judgment, understanding. — 
B. trjfu, f 2w, Icrw : as Com-mitto, to join. So 

^uv'^rhs, understanding, sagacious; — easy to be 
understood. — R. fl«, cToi,as in the last. 

:iw--fifUfiVj put or joined together, united ; — a com- 
panion. — R. fl», fifiai, as above. 

^vvtapU^ a pair, mate. — For ffw-aopUf from &€(p», 
AopOj as ftpw^ to join. 

:iuo€av6a\oSf belonging to a pig-sty. — B. avs, <rvhsj 
fiavida to fall asleep. * 

'Xup€7i, TupSttt turboy a noise, row : Hhe same sense as 
'XipfiUt 2vpiibSf :&6p<pa^. Compare 'Xvp^6s, B. oi^- 
p«:' Dnn. 

^ 2tJf>i7f, any pipe or tube, our syringe}— a shepherd's 
pipe, whence Hemsterh. from ffjipw, 'from the pro- 
longed notes of the pipe:' — or from a common pipe 
drawing water along. — Also a whistle, and the mouth- 
piece of it :— ' anything like a pipe, a spear-case ; — box 
or hole in the nave of a wheel ; - hollow part of a hinge ; 
— vein, artery ; — a fistuk ; — a mine, vault, covered 
gallery or cloister:' Ldd. (Z) *0r from Hebr. terek^ 
to hissj whistle :' Wr. 

:ivpl{o)f to pipe or whistle ; — to whistle at, hiss at. 
Lucretius has * calamomm sibila,*— Above. 

2wV/ia, a robe with a long drawing train. - R. avpa, 


Svpftoia, an emetic, as ^Xopyu&s, * They compounded 
it, says Erotian, of the juice of the radish and salt- 
water ; hence the radish itself is called Svp/iola :' Ldd. 
Some think it Egyptian, (New Steph. Vol. I.) 

^vpphs, track of meteors ; trail of a serpent : — a 
drawing off from the stomach, vomiting, emetic — See 

'ivprriSf a rope to draw with. — R <rupv, 

S^is, the Syries on the African coast, banks of 
drifted sand. The waves there, says Sail., ^trahuat 
limum et arSnam.' AviSnns : 'Late irahit aequora 
Syrtis\ R (riipco^ (riavprai, , 

2vp^erhsy what is drawn or swept together, as 2vp- 
rir, rubbish, litter, dregs, filth ; — a huddled together, 
confused mob, as ^^p^i;, refuse of the people. So :&vp- 
^. — From 

2^, to draw, drag, force or sweep away. — Allied 
to ^aipofj to sweep, and 2c^, :S^, taavro^ to urge 
forward. So |TPft, irrTPn. (a) * Hebr. 80or, to turn 
aside, remove :' Wr. 

Ivs, g. avibs^ tusy stus, sow, hog, boar, pig. — * R (tw- 
opjcuy Itro-vTo, to move impetuously, prop, of the wild 
sort :' Damm. *Op/ui}riiebv 7^ t^ C^y, says Et. M. 

:gv0ap, the cast-off skin of a serpent, or shell of a 
fish ; — a wrinkled skin ; — an old man. — Scheide well 
suggests (nr^pt Si^er : The over skin. ^, as eTl^yyoSf 
a^Syyos'f iurUdpayoSf itr^dpceyos. The Gothic UFAR^ 
* overy curiously agrees. 

2v^e^ ^v^Sy pig-sty. — B. (rCy, m/os, avftSs. 

^Svxyhs, thick, crowded, numerous, many, much, long. 
— R 0l}», cr^<rv«a, at(>ofiat, to hurry, rush' on (in 
crowds), (a) R avP'^x^^i con-tinuous : ^avyxf}^: 

-Another (supposed) SiSw see in 

transp. ^(Tvxyi 

2t)» : in 2c^. • 

:S^a7^, slaughter; — the throat, the part cat open 
when animals are slaughtered. B. <r<f>d(<io, t<r<payov. 
And 2^7c{ov, a bowl lot catching the blood of sacri- 

'Z^drjfioVy a victim. — Above. 

S^oSd^w, to struggle, plunge, writhe. — Aspir. from 
2ira8d(oi, (as o-n<f770j, 0*^7705,) from <nni», cnrciSi^y, 
whence Sircurfi^s, like Xtpal^airiihsy convulsion : — allied 
to 'ZiraipWy to gasp, struggle spasmodicaUy, 

^Xpd.i», to slay, slaughter. — ^As 'ZiuKpbs for Mlirpbs, 
so S^d^w for f^(£^<0 from f^civ, to kill, as in &p€^.^a- 
Tos, slain in war, irc^«E<r0a<, to be killed, &c. The 2 
is confirmed by 8(a-2^ck|, any opening. 

S^flUjoa, a ball ; — JpAora, a sphere^ globe; — *a 
weapon of boxers, prob. an iron ball worn with padded 
covers :' Ldd. — * Obviously akin to 'Xvitpa :' Dnn. R 
ffic^M, Eustath. well : ' Stck rh trw -tairdaOai, 
(rw-€<rTpd(pBai ct$ iowr^v.* 

:i<f*aup€ifSf a Spartan youth between an ephSbus and 
a man, ' prob. from his then beginning to wear the box- 
ing-gloves, or play at foot-ball :' Ldd. — Above. 

S^cCkcAAos, ^duccWoSf ^^kcAos, a bundle, fagot. — 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



For Sir^cAor, as ^ in <r*cupa. B. axduy (as Vduy 
>Fo«c4j,) i.e. cv'tntiM, to draw together. See Next, 
(a) Mrt. from LaLfaacU. 

X<pdKe\os, like 24>A5a(rfi^f , spasm, convalsion ; — 
donvalsire fury. R. (nrdm^ Icnrcuca, f crireOceAos. Also, 
(consequent) mortification, the highest state of gangrene, 
and so rot in a tree's root. 

:i<f>d\\Uf to upset, make to fall, throw down, trip up ; 
— disappoint the expectations of, deceive, yhflo. — As 
(Tll&yyos and ff^oyyos, for Sirt£\A», and this for XIciAAa), 
as MiKphs^ :ifwcp6s : ' To move or thahe from its pkce ', 
explains Dnn. The 2 disappears in «i}X<W. (2) B. 
(nrdt», as '¥daf, YeUXv: To drag (aside). Compare 
5*A5(£f«. (3) Our/o/^ Germ./o//en, (4)*Chald. 
tchephaif (schphalj) prostemi :* Mrt. 

2<l>dpceYos, a bursting with a noise, cracking, crack- 
ling : — Z^apayiQtfj to stir up as dust with a noise : — 
'Sitfyapoeyio^MUy to burst ; — to be ready to burst, teem, as 
5Trap7<i«, to which it is allied. — K. ffvapcuraea, iavdpa^ 
70", to rend, cleave. ♦, as &a^dpayos. (a) 'The 
Gramm. Vett. from <t>dpvy^y the throat, [or iLa4>dparyo5j]. 
Most prob. allied to :Sfiapay4tf^ : Dnn. 

^♦E, VE, him, her;— them, as also S^as.— Q. ? 

^f^avhsy S^oSp^t, vehement, violent, eager.— Aspir. 
for 2irc5ay^t, Hiroiphs, from (nre^w, inrovS^. So 
all&Yyos and a^6yyos. 

2<^€A.a5, ' a hollow wooden body : allied to Str^of , a 
cave, and Sir^Acuoi^:' Dnn. For Sir^Aos, as 0-11^770;, 

"XtpiKas^ 'a joint-stool, low form or bench, rower's 
bench:* Dnn. This is 'a hollow wooden body', as 

I,t^9vb6vri^ « shng for throwing stones or bullets ; — 
the stone or bullet ; — bezil of a ring to receive a stone, 
as Lat. funda ; — bandage in form rf a sling ; — a head- 
band ; — an elliptical figure;— arched way. — Allied to 
:S4>68ai^, vehement, 2f<(8pa, and 'X<p6vlv\os, 

:i(f>erepoSf his, tlieir, — thy, your, and even * our.' — 
R. aip^j as 'Hfiirtpos. 

J^Kla-KoSy a piece of wood pointed like a wasp's 
sting, pointed stake, pile for building.— And 

^(j>riK6»y to pinch in at the waist, in the manner 
(r<priKhi of a wasp ; — bind tight, make narrow. 

^phi^y a wedge, cone. And 24>i7v<$», to cleave with 
a wedge, which shows the deiiv. from ^oUvo;, l^i^a, (2, 
as 'XfUKphSy) from ' the old word '\<pdoe, t^C<^, (r^^», 
caedo', (Valck.). Compare Ato-o-^&l, an opening. — 
'Akin to Xfplyyto, :S^|, S^k^w:' Dnn. See 

2^1, (T^Khs, a wasp. — ' Damm derives Dor. ff4>h^ 
from a-pd(wy |(», [compare Aw-o-0a|,] from its appear- 
ing cut in the middle. Others from a^iyywi* Dnn. — 
Or from o"irc{«, <rw-<nro« : Contracted : — for <nrf\l. * In 
the middle they are very slender:' Valck. Both the 
^(^^1 and the 'X<p^v taper down. 

'i,<pcYyivt, penuriousness.— And 

'S.ipiyyloVj a band, bracelet. — From 

24>(77», |w, to bind tight, sjjueeze, shut close, 

straiten, narrow in. — Bp. Blomf. from c^va &ywj 
ffiprjv* *yw : To drive a wedge in.— But better allied to 
*i/a<Jr, which see. 2 as ^ixucphsj and disappears in Lat 
Jigo. rr : compare ^Tos, 

24)i7|, the Sphinx, *prop. the Throttler:' Ldd.— 

:S(pi9ri, a gut : — cat-gut.— Prob. for (ntinn, allied to 
(FTiSiof, long : * The long pipe from the stomach to the 
vent,' (Dr. J.) 

:S^ip65 : in %^t9aiy6s. 

'X<p6v6u\o5f like :Sir^v5vA.os, a vertebre, joint ; — * any 
round body, as Verticillus, the round weight which 
whirls the spindle ; — a round stone, voting pebble ; — 
head of an artichoke ; then gen. the whorl of a plant :' 

'Stppaylsy a seal-ring, signet ; -impression, mark, spot. 
—2 as 'IBfilKpos, *pd(r<rw, Tr4if>p6rYa, (ppayls^ a<f>payU : 
Enclosing, securing. "X^par/iat, (f>v\da-ff9if Eurip. 

^pptydu), to be full and swelling like udders, plump 
and in good health ; — swell with pride ; — swell with 
desire. — R. ^piacwy iritppiya, ^^piyita^ ^ly^u^rigeo: 
To shudder, quiver. S as :Sfiucp65, — Dnn. allies it to 
^iwaprydeo and li<papay4», 

2<^^C«, €«i to beat, thrill, throb, palpitate. —* Akin 
to 2^8a(w, 24>dK9\os :' Dnn. As li(pvpa is allied to 
S^pa, and irvpiis to Sircipo, so ^^<u to 2vdu, 
Sirotr/i^s, whence 2(l>cM(w, (2) Allied to *v(rdM, 

:6ff>vpa, a hammer, — mallet. — « Akin to J&ipcupa, 
sphcera : from its rounded head :' Ldd. and Dnn. See 
fTKTpiis, owTpfr. 

24»vpi6vj the ankle, is compared to S^vpa above, and 
to li<f>a7pa I the notion of roundness being common to 
them all. And they all compare Malleus^ a hammer, 
and Malleolus, an ankle. 

JiX'^^t **>* cell of a honey-comb, and the honey- 
comb itself, from the divisions and separations. B. 
axaC^ 1, faxaiSoyi — *the maggot of bees, but more 
prob. the cells in which they are deposited :' Dnn. — Or 
from x^^^^^\ ?x*'o''» to contain. 2 a6 'SfjuKp6s. 

2x«^f<»» «^«, to scarify, cut open, divide, separate. 
And iSxflur^s, a scarifying i. e. opening ; both allied to 
Xcuriihst a ch(um i.e. opening. 

^X^C^i to let go, let fall, drop ; — cease from : — ^ to 
let a joint go and then pull it back again, set it by 
a wrench : — bring the hand back to its former position :* 
Ldd. — As :SfJUKp6s. For "fx^^t allied to xo^t^w: and 
to fx^^i X^^f^ • ^^ to cause to retire or let go is to 
make a cAom or gap. (2) ' Sx^'o*, ^x^^o', 2x<^V) 
J^X^C^f ^X^^t the same sense as "Exw : Damm :' Dnn. 
For <rxd((o is not only ' to let fall', but * to check, hold 
back, withhold:' (Ldd.) 

SxaA.!;, ' a ladder, tcala : — a forked stake for sup- 
porting hunting-nets : — a two-pronged mattock :' Dnn. 
— f he sense of * forked stake ' is compared by Lenn. to 
2xcu», (See in Sx^C^O ^X^'*) to hold up. And so 
may the sense of ' ladder ' be. But the other sense of 
* mattock ' points the whole Boot to ffX'^O^i to ^1 op^* 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Then as to * ladder/ Ldd. says: * &forlked 8tick used 
as a ladder.* Or called from the x^/^'^'^ ^oles 

2x»'''n7p{a> * a rope for letting down ; — rope mnning 
round a pulley, — the pulley itself:' Ldd. — B. ffX^C"i 

Sx^^i ' a tablet, leaf ; prob. borrowed from the Lat. 
tcheda / Ldd. And this perh. from trx^^i clefb wood. 

:gXc8i)K, gently, thooghtfolly. — B. <rx^, to hold, 
hold back. 

:gX«'^a» a light raft, boat, scaffold or bridge made on 
the sadden. Sm 2x^'<^^* — Also, a cramp or hold&st : 
from ^(TX^aff to hold. Compare :Sx«8iJv. 

2xcSt^C<'>>) to do a thing in a hurry. — See 2xc8^a 
and Sxc^Mf. 

J^X^^^^^j ^^^^BOf hand to hand, of a fight : sadden, i.e. 
close in point of time to something else. — From 

5x«5ii', near, hard by ; — nearly, all but, almost ; — 
near the troth, perhaps. — R <^X^> ^ ^^^^ ^^t ^ ^ 
contigaons, as "Exo/uu. So *Afji-<paAhy from f ^)ci». . 

2x«^) to hold or have, hold back, as f^Sxc^'- 

:Sx^^^> the same as Xx^Xis. 

2x€V8i)Ao, * perh. a pair of pincers or tongs, from 
<rx«»', to take hold of:' Ldd.— B. t<^X^«. ^^X'^*'. ^^' 
SvAo, trx^vSvAa, as fxdSBdyu, 

2x«p^s, used in iv irx^pVi '^ & oontinnons line, nn- 
intenruptedly. — B. t<'X*"> «* Teneo, Con-tineo, Con- 

Sx^tXws, holding up, enduring, resolute; — much- 
suffering, wretched; — hardy, hard-hearted, crael, a 
* wretch.' — B. t<^X^«> iirxrrat. 

t^x^w, to hold. — B. Ix«» i^^X^Of t^<rx'»» 'TX^*- 
"Eo-xo" is common. 

Sx^Mo. from t<»'X«»» ^XV^m : Lat* quo more res se 
habent, habitus, — form, figore, manner, condition; — 
outward form or appearance; — And ^X'nP^orriCu, to 
form, fashion: midd. to make outside show, appear, 

:Sx^8>7, -a|,.2x^£a» & cleft piece of wood, a splinter, 
Mcindula : — a torch, — arrow, — cleft, gap. — From 

^xK^^j sciNdo : to split, cleave, divide. — 2 as ^Sjtu- 
Kp6s. 'Allied to Kcw, Ke^w, KedC^i ^X<^C<»' Germ. 
scheiden [Note a. 2. fax'^v'] : ' Dnn. So Kc^. « B. 
xdof, xot'i'tt'i to open :' Lenn. 

2x"'8<i\o/*os, ^iv8., = (TxfSn. 

2x^o'/*a, a cleft, division, schism. — B. o-x^C"* 

2x<>^o^) a rush ; — rush-rope, rush-basket ; — land- 
measure taken by a rope, ' Fr. corde de bois : ' Dnn. — 
B. cx^A), lo-xoo, ffx^lvos : As holding or tying things 
together. So Jongo, f Jungicus, Juncus. 

2x0^^) relaxation, leisure; spare time; esp. for phi- 
losophical or literary pursuits, (as Vacare is ' to have 
leisure for, hence attend to, occupy ourselves in,*! — 
place for sach, scholOf a school^ Lat. ktdua, (Sc: 

'Dionysias Corinthi dicitor LUDUM aperoisse.' — 
B. ^trx^f ivxoa: To hold back, remit, relax. 

SxoAp, slowly, with diflSculty, hardly, not at all, *vix 
et ne vix quidem.' — - Above. 

Jix^^^^f^y a learned inquiry or comment, a scholium. 
B. a-xo\ii. 

2xSpoj, =xV, XVP^s, T: see ffiiTCpis. 

"Xd^otj to make safe or sound, save, preserve. — B. 
ffios, (Tttrffw, a^(Bt, So aifiw. 

J^Kioff to have strength or power, am able to do. — 

'X&KoSj stout, strong : allied to X&os, sound, whole. 

^XV) a channel, pipe, gutter, — syringe; — fold in 
a garment; — grooved tile; — 'a shell-fi^, perh. like 
the razor-fish. — Said to come from AvX6s : ' Ldd. Then 
'axhSf as ATAa{ and 'OAo^, a furrow; cAUdex, cOdez; 
then aspirated 'Ci\hs and Xahhs^ as 'AX^s, Sails. (2) 
B. (Tf Xif, space between lines in writing and benches in 
rowing. As 8E/Mtf, Sfi/ia: i^Hyaoy hpQ,y6s. 

2cofiUf the body, in Homer a dead body; — a person, 
a freeman, but esp. a slave, as Ovid uses Corpora. -^ 
Pkto did not suppose that 2«/ua originally signified a 
dead body, for he derived it from a^(«, crdawfuu (as 
(r^0-«Tat in (tmt^p): The case or casket preserving the 
inner soul or spirit. Death of conrBO cuts short that 
ofiBce. * They found him dead. An empty casket, where 
the jewel life Was robb'd and ta'en away : ' Shaksp. So 
Hawker: * When the hour oometh that the casket in 
which that precious jewel my soul now dwells, is opened for 
the soul to take her departure ',&c. See 2ir^i'os,the body. 
(2) As 2Qos is the same as Z»^f , so S^/ma for Z«fia, 
as girding round and enclosing the mterior. Dr. J. ex- 
plains to Gird (inter alia) ' to cover round, endoee, en- 
circle.' See spec on K6fJL€o5, (3) B. (uls, living : A 
living body. Or <r«j, sound, * integer.* 

2&0S, 2&Sy sospeSf safe and sound, =: (rdos, saNiu, 

2anre[», for ^wvdu. 

Sti&fMucos, a chest, barrow, basket, in which a 'S»p6s 
heap of things is placed or carried. 

^upflniSy a syllogism, cumulative argnment. — From 

"Xuphs, a heap, pile. — As iifAaaa^ Ii^a7fi0; iLpHyw, 
apClyds; pAffauy tli^ttya; so JUopds from aaipw, a&rapay 
aiaiipay to sweep: Sweepings. 

2»s: for X&os or "SAos, 

'Xwrrpovy a reward for saving a life. — B. orc&^w, crc- 

^wrpovj the wooden circuit of a wheel, felloe. — 
* Schneid. from aov/xai, to move rapidly. Others more 
prob. from ff&s, entire : the felloe forming one with the 
cartwheel, as still in Bussia and Poland:' Dnn. Or as 
keeping and securing the whole : much the same as 

'X^pvv, opposed to "A-^pwv. B. (r»f, ^povSi, 
^X^i soft for Yc^x"* 
Sc^M , the same as Sd». 


Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



Ta§Xl<w, to play at Td€\ai tahles or dice: the Lat. 
taJbubB, Tabula being for tanibula from f rovbi as in 

T«rrtt rancidity;— nmcoroag tumor. — *perh. fWim 
T^iw* [* to beoomedecayed, perish': Dnn.]': Mrt. T^iw, 
T^a», f froroi', as in rdTnyov, rliTww, rPas ^iTTot, 

Tdynvoyj like Tkycofov, 

Tw)fhsj a general, chief. — R xAro-w, TArdya. 

ToiWa, a band, fillet; -— streamer; — strip or tongne 
of land, — tapeworm; — a long thin fish. — B. frabm, 

fTaiiWi SeeTc/vw. 

TcUarrov, a balance; — a certun weight, taientumj 
a talenL So Pendo, Pondo, a Pound. — B. frakdw^ 

TaXabSf TdXas, TaKahrvpoSy endnring toils or evils, 
miserable. — B. \raXd». So Td?<airis is endmimce. 
See for -irvpos on f IIo^coi. 

TdXMpoSf a basket, cage.— B. frakAu: * That which 
bears or holds:' Ldd. 

TtUos: inTaXa6s. 

TaXour(a, wool-spinning. — R fraXdm, frdKdffv^ 
whence TdXavrov a weight: * The weighing oat of wool 
to be spun: ' Ldd: As Pensum from Pendo. 

fToAdw, TX^, TA77/A(, ^cUoura, to bear up, sustain, 
endure. ' Bear to do, notwithstanding danger or shame 
or pride or grief or pity :' Bp. Monk : have the heart to 
do good or had, — With fTaXsiu are connected TE?<afAi»v, 
rOKfidu^ tOilOj tOlero: so that these words seem allied 
to T^XXm, 'AysMT^AActf, to cause to rise up, to bear up. 
(2) B. "frduj fr^, rcfvw, iya-rc/vw, * to hold up, lift, 
raise, elevate,' (Don.) As tB<i», BeUXw, BlAof, fBoAc»; 
U'tK ^dXXw. (3) « Chald. tal, toUe:' Mrt 

TakiSf a marriageable maiden.—* Prob. from ^\vs, 
(boLKvij) a female. Some connect it with the Syriac 
7UL/7W^.*' Ldd. 'damsel,' in Mark 5. 41. OraUied 
to TaXoffia: A ^pmster. 

TofjdaSf distributor of stores and victuals, dispenser, 
manager, steward. R rdfiyw, rafx&, to cut up, divide. 
So To/uctbv and Ta/ittov is a storehouse, magazine. 

Td/juffoSj runnet, ' the concreted milk in the stomachs 
of sucking quadrupeds;— -and not only the runnet, but 
the stomach curdles milk. The common method is to 
take the inner membrane of a calfs stomach,' &c. Enc. 
Br. Hence firom ro^, to cat out. As Tofua. 

Tdfivuj r4fuw, to cut, cut asunder, cut through, &e. 
— Allied to fAdiw, Aa^», to divide. fT^w is called by 
Dunb., 'the attenuated form of fA^w, Aa/».' So 94Mw 
from A^fl» In another sense. (2) * Hebr. (torn, succXdo:' 

Th» or Toy, 'n tAv or 'fl Toy, Sir, or Friend. * Some 
write ^A 't^, as Voc. of ^rdv, {drift companioo,) as 

Meyurrdv', some ''fl Vov, as Voc of ^riyj. Passow 
makes it sr= rrivos^ (tomos,) as OSros, This man herer- 
or = T«;nj, tS, (0 you I):' Ldd. 

TiUwypo, a copper kettle. Made, says Ldd., in the* 
city of Tanagra in Bcaotia. — (Only in J. Pollux.) 

Tayo^, stretched out, long, slim. — R ralvt^f rvaWy 
Tflvw; tenuity thin. 

TayBaf>^((O0y only in Ammonius, and seems put for 
Tamapv^u, a corruption of 

Toana\iCM, * like Ta\cwri(tfj to move to and fro like 
a TdKavrop scale. Allied to TantabUy in relation to 
the story of his hanging balanced over water:' Ldd. 
But Ttafra\i{o0 may be a mere transp. of TaXjaafrl(w. 

Tay^, the same as Tolyw, ray&. 

Ti({if, arrangement, array, squadron, band ; — assess. 
ment of tribute, tax; — position, order, rank. — R 
rdaff9»j (fl«. 

TatrtivhSf low on the 9dwos ground, for Aonrcivits; as 
Hum!, Humilis. Or low like a rdnis carpet See on 
fAdiror. Gomp. 6pEmOX 

IdmtSf Tdms, Adris, a cari2et, rug, tope*, tapitumj 
tapestry: carpet as placed on the \9diros ground. 

TapcanlyioVf a fine garment of a Tarentine woman. 

Te^o^if, Topax^, confusion: from 

Tapda-ff»y (a>, to stir up, trouble, disturb, agitate; — 
abirm, confound. — B. rcip», Jhapow^ to molest, distress. 

Tdp€os, ^rror, alarm, fear: allied to Tapdffcru. 

Tctpydmi, Sap^dn}, plaited work, cord, basket — R 
rapyiodvUf rapyatf&y explained by Hesychins TAPcfo-rw, 
to jumble up; here to jumble together, intermix. Called 
also TAPirdi^. (2) * Syr. serigj a net:' Dahler. 

Tdpyavov, bad wine, vinegar. — * Perh. from [rap- 
yalvw =] rapda-av: Thick troubled liqucnr. As ohos 
r^apyav»fi4poSy thick wine : ' Ldd. 

TdptSy for T4rrap€s, 

Tdpixos, what is preserved, embalmed, as a mummy; 
— what is sahed, dried, smoked, as fish. — ' B. rc{p», 
[as TAPcio-o-M,] to dry: Dried meat :' Mrt and Greg. 
*B. rtipw or r^pau:* Schrev. 'Some derive Tcpo'w 
from fWp«, rtlptOj to rub, i.e. wipe dry:' Dnn. 

Tap/i^tro-ctf, to frighten. — As Tdp€oSj Ta/>i5^fl». 

Tapwdtrn, Tdpmiy as Tapydyn, 

TdppoBosx See in *^inrd^M9os, 

Tdpaosy Td^oiy Ttpvih^ a hurdle or crate for drying 
cheeses on; — mat, basket;— anything in a broad form 
like that of a hurdle, as the broad part of an oar, the 
flat of the foot, the torttts ;i->the flat of the wing when 
stretched out — From 

T4paofuUy to dry, diy up, allied to e^/w, d4p<r» : and 
to Tergo, tersL All connected with T^ipu, See in 

TdpTopoSf Tartarut, Hell.— Many from rupdrrtf. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



Better from rclfw, riraprai, * to oppress, distress, tor- 
ment', (Dnn.) See 'A-raprrjpSs, (Z) *Some, as 
Passow, make it imitative of sbadderiog through terror;' 
Dnn.: rap rap. 

Tdptposj thickness, closeness. — R. rp4<fM, ^rptupop, 
fhnpipov, to coagulate. See 'Tpa^^p6s, 

Tapxi»i to embalm. — R. rdpixoi, rapix^in, 
Tdatrtct |», draw up in line, put in order, arrange; — 
order, enjoin, command, as Paro, Impero: — midd. ar- 
range or agree with another. — R \rdu, "fritt, rtly«, 
tendo, to stretch out. As Bdw, edffav. 

Tiro, = T^TTO. 

TAT, the letter T: — Hebr. thau. 

Ta6\% = rdSXay the Lai. Tabula, As vaTAa, 
vdB\a. SwTaS\l(ta. 

Taupioy a bull's hide; — anything made of it, as a 
scourge, whip; — drum. —From 

TATP02, a bull. — The Syriac and Arabic TA UR. 

TavpoSj spatium inter scrotum et anum: et pro IIcos. 
Pro ratpbs i rata, rtiw : Eztensnm, protensum aliquid. 

T<i4)os, a tomb. — R. hisirra, (ra^v, to bury. 

Ta^of, wonder: allied to edfi€os and e^TM. 'R. 

TdippoSf allied to T^os a tomb, grave, — and means 
a ditch, trench. 

Toxo, quickly. R. rax(fs. Also 'readily, easily:* 
Dnn. : and this sense seems to have led to that of ' per- 
haps, probably,* i.e. it may readily and easily follow or 
be believed. Often joined with "Irrws, perhaps : To'xa 
8* tiv laws oIk idkKoi, Aristoph. 

TaxiTi swift. — R ^rdu^ t^toko, refvw, tendo^ %n- 
tendo (cursum). T^raro Bpdfios, Horn. Sp Tavvopro 
II. ir. 375, ' pemiciter currebant,* CI. And TtTafveroi', 
}lf, 403. Observe our tn-tefwe, in-tensehf, (2) Dnn. 
from l&cw, to run. 

TAft, fTEfl, Tin, fron, frrft. Primitire words, to 
stretch out, like Ya», Y^w, Yiw, Y<^, "Via. Tda is ac- 
knowledged by Eustath., and produced TdCw: fr4w 
produced Tc(va: fT<J« is asserted by Heyne, Pmd. P. 
4. 43. 

Ta&s, Tfii^v, a peacock. — R t^cv: As expanding the 
tail. ' Pictft pandmt spectacula caud&,* Hor. 

T€, and. — Dunb. from 5^», to bind, as Ai is often 
used for T«. — Better from f^fw, rtiyuj to extend. An 
adverb of extension: * Peter AND John.' 

T€77», tingOf to tinge, wet, wash, soften. —Allied to 
Ac^, to wet: compare K^dTTco, tpirVos, <pirTw. — 
' Allied closely to T^k«, and both prob. from f rciw, 
frea, [to expand]. Germ, tiinchen:' Dnn. 

Tiryosj a covering, roof; — covered part of a house, 
hall, room, chamber; —vault; — place for prostitutes. 
— R ffr4ytc, Lat. tego, (a) ' Heb. techy to over- 
lay:' Wr. 

TfdfihSf as Qefffihs, a law, custom. — ^R. t^€«, iTf9riVj 
ri&fjfUy to lay down a law, * ponere leges.' 

Tidvriiu, the same as ^yfiaKot, 

Tfiuffffihs, a tenesmus^ straining to evacuate. — ^From. 

Teiyaty to stretch, stretch oat. — R. ^rauy fr/tf, ai 
rdvuy Krc/vfitf. 

TfipoSj a wonder, like Tipas: Tcfpca, stars, < wonder- 
ful things.' As the Song: 'Little star. How I wonder 
what you are.' 

Ttlpofy tero, to rub, rub or wear away, wear out, 
harass, afflict — AUied to Afpw, from f r^w =: f 8^ar, 
ialwy and to T^/avu. ' Teu is the attenuated form of 
A4w : ' Dunb. Ttipw, as 4>0c(pw, *hyelpUy 'Ifielpw, 
(a) Compare our Tire. (3) * Chald. thera, destruo:' 
Mrt. ' Hebr. tereA, to weary :' Wr. 

Telxoy, a wall, forti^ed city, fort. — From obs. -frtKdt^ 
whence Tcktwv, a builder, arcki-tecL Allied to Te^x^i 
Toixor. tT«Ko» is, generally to produce, create, invent 
See TfKTav. (Z) * Hebr. deekj a battery:' Wr. 

TtKfialpotxai, to conjecture from cert^un signs, judge 
likely; — mark out a line of conduct for myself, deter- 
mine, intend ; — mark out a line of conduct to othere, 
appoint, enjoin, ordain. — From 

T^K/Aop, TtKfvfipioVy TtKfjmp, well derived by Parkh. 
from f8cir» or ^BtUu, fdcScicfiai, d§iKVvfUj to show 
forth: A sure mark, sign or token, a proof, pledge. 
Also, a constellation in the heavens, which was a sign 
in foretelling events : — also, a mark or boundary shown 
and declared, a goal or end. T for A, as AoTSa, Tseda. 
(a) R t'r«K«, to bring forth, i. e. bring to light : A 
sign which brings to light what is coming. (3) *Hebr. 
tegmery end : ' Wr. 

TtKvoyy TfKos, an ofl&pring, child. — R ^t4ku. 
Homer: •H t4k€ r4Kva, 

TiKTtav, a craftsman, carpenter, builder, archi-tect, 
planner: which last seems the original, from fTc<r», to 
bring to light, produce. See fT^Kw and Tcixos. 

fr4Kw, tT»T^««, frlrKWy TlKrUyT4^oiJLaiy to bring 
forth, beget, produce: tnuch as fHerw, flliWrw, 
n/vTw. — fTcKw seems the same as f A^/rw, f Aclww, 'to 
show, make appear, betray to view,' (Dnn.) See on 

T^XofiufPy a belt, band, strep, bandage. — As /SAAXm, 
fiEKoSy 80 for TaXafjL^Vy from raXdju; *For bearing or 
supporting anything : * Ldd. Comp. KEXwpoSy irEXcjui^o). 

T€\4eo»j to end in bemg, come to be, become, anu ~- 
R r4\os. 

TeXcior, perfect, complete, absolute, accomplbhed; — 
act. making complete; — the last. — R r4?<o5, 

TeXer^^, religious rite, t4\os. 

TeXf vr^, end ; T€\€VT(i», to end ; TcAciatcuos, the 
last — R. TcXo9. 

T€\iwy to finish, accomplish ;— pay a WAos, tax, toll, 
duty, &c.; — to be reckoned in a tc\os class of citizens, 
to belong to it; — to consecrate, initiate : See the end 

T4\doSy a tax, toll, debt — R. r4\os. 

T4w<o, much as Te\c0», to end in being, come to be, 
turn out at last, come forth, rise as the sun. (2) R 
f Tca>, relva, to stretch upwards, rise. As "Vduy YcUAw. 

T4\\w, in comp., to tell one to do, enjoin, as 2T4Wm, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



(2)R.fr6w,fT(ia»,T<£(ro'w, eDJoin. Above. (3) OarfeZ/. 

TcA/Mc, * a pool, pond, marsh, swamp; — ^mud or slime 
of a -swamp; — mud for building with, mortar; — the 
space pointed with mortar between the courses of ma- 
sonry:* Ldd., who derives from t€AA.«, renhfjuUf *as 
water which has run together: ' Jones better as the t4Ko5 
or r^Ktrov itpovfnjs, boundary separating one's land from 

T4\oSj the end. — R. ^ria, rtlyatj to extend : (Com- 
pare SciXof, X4\vSj''E\os:) The point to which a thing 
can be extended, the furthest extent, as Tl4pa9 from 
Xlepdu, Dr. Johnson defines End Hhe extremity of any- 
thing extended* We say, That was the extent of my 
journey. — Allied to T^A€. 

T^Aos, the accomplishment, completion, or fulfilment, 
as of purposes, wishes, — of marriage; — an end pro- 
posed; — completeness, maturity, full growth, end of 
life. — Also, the highest rank or station in civil life, 
magistracy, office Also, a limited, fixed body of troops, 
cohort, company, squadron; — a fixed toU or tribute to 
the Government; — class and order of citizens as settled 
by payment of such tribute. * Consummation of being 
initiated into the sacred mysteries, esp. the £leusinian, 
which were thought the consummation of life ; — hence 
any religious cei-emony or solemnity, as of marriage : ' 
Ldd. — Above. In some senses it may seem to belong 
to fr^w, TdWf Tdo-aw, and Tlw. 

TfKxiv : in &€\yiy, 

T6A(6)^$, farmer or collector of the rf\€a tolls or 
taxes. Some add uvioimi. 

TdfMXos, a slice cut off, esp. of salt fish. — R T4iMf»f 
rtfxu. So 

T4fi€Pos,& piece of ground cut or marked off, as- 
signed to men or to the gods, as Lat. templum, — Above. 
T4fi€vos rifioVy Hom. 

T4fjaf<»\ in Tdfiva. 

Tc/Airco, any beautiful vale, called after the famous 
vale of Tempe in Thessaly. — ^Bupia locfe, R. r4^(a:* 
Mrt. Note Templum. 

T4yayoSj a swamp, marsh. — R, rtUfto, revSo, * Ex- 
'tenta visentur Lucrino STAGNA lacu : ' Hor. * Where 
wild Oswego SPREADS her swamps around:' Gold- 
smith. Comp. as to form, FAdyos, UeXayos, (2) 
R. r4yya, f riyyoj. 

T4v^Uf Tcy^ei^tf, to gnaw, nibble, eat daintily. — Ldd. 
compares Tenuis , to Attenuate: allied to Toya^s, thin. 
Or it is allied to T4ijimw, to cut. (2) ' Hebr. tehen, to 
grind:' Wr. 

Ttydpiivri, T^ydprj^v, a kind of wasp. — ' R. r4v0<a 
[or T€v0ci^] : ' Mrt. : What eats only, and does not 
work. Like Kij^i', a drone, which see. Above. 

T4yfcVf a tendon^ sinew. — R. re/vw, r€y&. Its prin- 
cipal action consists in iensicm. 

Tths, thy. — R. re ace. of Tj5. 

T4pafAyov, Teptfiyov, ' what is closely shut fast or 
dosely covered, a room, chamber, as cltKoey r4p€fiya; — 
from Tepffiyos =: (nlpefiyoSy VTepehSf firm, close :' Ldd. 

(2) Jones for K4pafiyov, from K4pafios a .tile. As 
Triyos and Kuyos are the same 

Ttpdfjuayy as T^piji', soft, tender; — made soft by 

Tepas, Teipos, a sign, wonder, prodigy, miracle.' — 
R. t**"^**, niyct, tendoi answering to Os-tenium, Por- 
-tentum. So H^», 'S,tp6s, Ending like n4pas, (2) 
R. Tcipw, Tfp«, * to distress, torment, having perh. the 
same origin as terreo\ (Dnn.). * By signs and won- 
ders and by great terrors*: Deut. 4. 34. 

^ With great terribleness and with signs and with won- 
ders ' 26. 8. 
/ T4pe^oy: in T4patiyoy. 

TfperiCuf to twitter, chirrup:— to quaver, of men.— • 
From the sound, says Ldd. : i. e. from the sound repcT. 
(2) ' Perh, from r€p4(o to pierce : from the shrill 
sound:' Dnn. 

TepeTpov, a gimlet, terebra. — From 

Tepco), terebrOj to bore, pierce, make % hole. — R. 
Tc/pw, T€pa, terOj to rub, wear a hole. 

Ttp4uf to turn round on a lathe: whence Lat. teres 
is round or rounded, i.e. worn smooth, from T6ip«, T«p«, 

Tfprrfi^y^ a wood- worm ; a carie^ of the bones. — R. 
reipoa^ T6p«, to rub, wear. 

T4pfiyf soft, tender. -^ R. reipw^ repw : Rubbed down, 
worn smooth. 

Tfp6pefo, jugglery, trickery. — R. T«p<£(«, to declare 
prodigies: irepddriv. Or freporV, ^rfpaTTipiia, "frep- 
rpeio. See T«pay. 

Tep^pov, an end; — end or point of a sail-yard.— 
Allied to 

TfpfMj T4pfAwy, an end, boundary, goal, mark aimed 
at; — highest point, terminus. Like T6pfirif a turning- 
post, round which the chariots turned, and so by Damm 
is derived from rp4v<a, transp. for Tp4fifia. (2) T4pfm for 
TcA/xa viewed as Te'Aoj: P and A interchanging, as 
yAdfpM, yVdfpu] &c. (3) Reimer from T€pas, a sign: 
but that is rather a ^gn in the heavens, (ft) < Hebr. 
terem, to fill up: A limit:' Wr. 

T€pfji4puov Kcuchyf a misfortune we bring on ourselves. 
— * Said to be derived from one Termerus^ a highway- 
man:' Ldd. * From one Thermerus:* Dnn. — Or perh. 
allied to T€p/x(a, which is applied to a spot ' where one 
is destined to end life:' Ldid. Which ends one's life, 
fatal, a * settler.' See above. 

Tepirw, * to fill, satiate, satisfy, gratify, delight, amuse. 
Compare Tp4<pu to nourish, as also Qcpaircuw to take 
care of. The R may be @^p«, ®4pv(a and T4pva>, as 
ed\irco :' Dnn. (2) Transp. from rp^irw, as ^TAPirhs 
for oTPAirrfy; T4pxyo5, Tp4xyos. Thus to Di-vert and 
Di-versions are from Verto. (3) Lenn. from refpw, rtpUf 
to rub (the body gently), tickle, gratify. 

Tfpaiitf the same as Tap<r6s. 

T4pe<aj to dry, dry up, allied to 0^p«, ®4p<r(c, and to 
TergOj tersi *From T€?pa>, repu, to rub, i.e. wipe dry'i 
Dnn. (2) Germ, dorren, to dry. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Tip^s, the same as J&ripipos. 

TtpxvoSf Tp4xyof^ a twig, branch. — Allied to Lat 
VERMES, and both from ripvs, teres, topering, as 
* Virga teres: See Tcpfw 2. (a) Tpixyos the original 
word, from rp^X"* ♦© """• 'Whose branches BUN over 
thewalh'Gen. 49. 22. 

T4<raap€St four. — As Uiawpts is found, perh. from 
wftrffhs, a cubic mass. Indeed Ldd. compares Uttrtrhx 
with Tesseriij a die. (a) T^af>ej: Sanskr. cAoetir, 
Lat. qtiater, quatuor, 

TcTOT^F, having taken; formed from fTtU*, t^^fw, 
f frayoi', f to^w, toNgo, to touch. Prop, to stretch out 
the hand. 

T^roi^s, a stretching, straining; — convulsive stiff- 
ness of the body, teUmus, — R f^olw, tow, fTCTow. 

TdrapToSf fourth. — R. r4rrap€Sy r4rap€s, riffffaptSj 

TerlrifMi, to be sorrowful, to mourn : * akin to (Tfo- 
/ioi,) T(v€ii*-, to be punished, and so made sad:' Ldd. 
Perhaps, struck with remorse, sorry for an offence. 

Tiriiov, lT€T/tt6, to come upon, find; — receive by fete 
or lot, partake of. — Prop. *to get by a short cut/ iv 
hn-riyutp kqX <Tvv-r6iiMS. R. ^rlyuov^ ^rh^iiov, rhfiov; 
as t^^vw, f7r€<^^i'«, triipvw, 

Ttrpa-y for Tirrapa, 

TcTf>c(5wv, T€Tpa|, TtrpoMV, *^4Tpt^y a bird prob. of 
the grouse kind : * said to utter a loud cry, rerpd(ety : * 
Dnn. This Tfrpd(eiv is explained by Ldd. to cackle as 
a hen on laying an egg. — ^All these seem fanciful imita^ 
tions of the sounds made : rerp. Or as Tcrri^ (2). 

Ttrpaivwy to bore through : allied to Tepiw, Tp4(a^ 
through flpdu, fTpalvw, (a) 'Germ. dreKe, to turn :' 

T^TTO, * like "Arra, Tdra^ "Attto, Jlimraj a friendly 
or respectful address of youth to their elders :' Ldd. 

T^TTi^, a kind of winged grasshopper: — a figure of 
one worn in the hair. — * Prob. formed in imitation of 
its note : ' Dnn. and Ldd.— Or from^ reperffw, to chirrup, 
whence \rfp4Ti^, i'r4pTi^, T4Tri^. ' 

TiTVKtiv : a. 2. redupl. of T€^x»' 

Tevfidufjuu, = rtvxofMt.. (Rare word.) 

TcuTcffw, • for rabrdCa (ri ainh,) to say or do the 
same thing, dwell upon a thing, be constantly at it :* 
Ldd. and Dnn. Allied to TavroKoyia, tautology. • 

TtSxoy, anything made, utensil, tool, vessel, urn ; — 
the human frame; — a book, as Pemta-teuch, T«^x««j 
armour ; — tackle, rigging. — From 

T€wx»» to work, make, construct, build, forge, form : 

r4TVKTcUy has been formed, exists, is. — Allied to 

■fr^fcw, whence TtKrwv a builder, and Tcx*^ which sec. 

TfippOj ashes. — *From tu^»:' Ldd. Allied by 
others to dciirrv, ^ra^^ov, prop, to bum: and to Lat. 
iepeo, tepidus. (2) Sanskr. topa, (Lat. tepor), and 
tapitum to warm. 

T«X*^f *rt : — an art. — R. t(<ct«, T^|o/io«, to pro- 
duce: Creative art (a) R t€i5x«, to work, form. 

Tew;, 80 long. See in*'£wr 2. 

T^, take.— For rde, from fr^, tT4f», ^raySf 
taNgo, Teray^vi Stretch out your hand, (a) For 
Tp, there, there it is for you. But pi. t^€ is found. 

T^^cKva, -Of, a dress worn by great men. — * From 
one 7(s6enfMtf an Arcadian:' Steph. Like our Spencer, 
Wellingtons, &c. 

T^ovoi', afrying-pan. — ^B. 'Himty ^», a. 2. prop. hyiTov. 

T^9i7, a grandmother : and also a nurse. — ^Allied to 
TirOriy a teat, and also a grandmother. (2) Allied to 
our TeaL 

TriBtSj an aunt — Of the same class as Ti^ftj, a grand- 

TfiKot, to melt, dissolve, pine away. — *Akin to 
T4yyu:' Dnn. * Perh. from rrfw, [t^ko,] to extend*, 
Lenn. Or to expand. Thus Tayvarvs is ' extension, 
expansion ', (Dnn.). Or even to make thtn^ as Tennis 
from Tovo^. 

T^Ae, fer off. — Buttm. from r4\os. Or t**"*^, 
f TocAbs, ^rfiKos : Extended fer. As TayaSs, 

TriKteduj to flourish. — B. 3(Ua«>, I^Aa, ^\€edu, 


TnKla: in 2i?A/o. 

Tn\iKOSf answ. to 'HX/ifoy, 

TtjA^ctoj, bom afar off: B. t^Xc, fy/w, y€v4uy yl- 
pofjuu, — Also, as some say, *bora when his father was 
far away, or met bora fer off m time, bora late.' Buttm. 
compares it with TcXcvroib;, which, he makes * the last 
child, one followed by none,' even though none went be- 
fore, as in Movvos rrjK^eros. 

Ti7/tc\^s, careful, needful. — R M^Act, it is a care to : 
but rn is unexplained ; prob. from rg = raOrp : ' At- 
tending upon this very thing :' Bom. 13. 6. Or rvvo. 

Tflfx€pa, T'/ifJLfpov, 'S.'hiJLfpov, to-day. So T^cs, 2^- 
T€j. — B. rf hv^p<f^ on this day : and 2, as 2^, Tw. 

TrifioSy then : answering to H/*of, when. — Also, to- 
day : this answering perh. to Tfifirpa: from Th ^/junp. 

Trjvd^XwSj i.e. t^ HXKtos (jSeyovaaof ^9^v), by the 
way leading &AA»s otherwise than what is right, Lc. 
in a vain way, to no purpose, (a) *R ttivo &AA«y, 
hoc f rastrk :' Mrt. 

T^veAAo, a word invented (* ficta', says Bergler,) by 
Archilochus to imitate the twang of a guitar-string 
at the beginning of a triumphal hymn to Hercules : • 
T^vcAAa cS KoKKl-vlKty &c. 

Ttivuca: answ. to 'HvIko. 

TrjvoSj KrjyoSj =: Kuyos, 

Trip4»y to watch attentively, guard carefully and 
narrowly. — Like T^, from f t<I«, f to/i'w, rtipM, inienda 
(animum), mtentus sum, am interU on, attend to, as 
'A-reWfw : consider TtrofUvus, fTaepibs, ^TvipibSy tt;- 
p4oa. Compare TrjXt. 

Trrrdu^ to bereave, deprive. — Damm makes it a re- 
dupl. from Tc£«, explained f»?T^« by the Etym. M.: 
rdm (as in T^) being prop, to stretch out the hands to 
take, to desire, long for : act. to make to long for, cause 
to want, and so bei-eave. — Or, as TeroT'cbi', to lay hold 
of, appropriate, take away. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



T^T€j, ^yres, this year. — 'From Iror, a year, and 
T as in T^/tepov. 

Tr}{i(TioSj empty, vain, foolish, hurtful. — Like Atd- 
irpvaios in form ; and from t^, like Ta^T|7, ' thus,' as 
Horace *SIC temerfe,' where Forcell. says that SIC 
seems to mean * lightly, carelessly, negligently.* So 
Alh-ws, * even so,* means * in vain, without effect.* (2) 
R too;, explained (tiriw by Hesych., as Mdriji', in vain, 
from Maw. 

TIAPA, a Persian turban. 

TIBHN, *as if Tpt^V, tripM, tripod ;* Steph. But 
the P ? — Only in Lycophr. 1104, so a barbarous word. 

TirPIS, a tiger, — Varro says, an Armenian word. 

Tffa>, am always asking T(, Why ? 

Tfr;, the same as T*, why ? 

Tt6cu$«&o-<r», ^ to build, make a nest ; — make honey- 
combs ;— to nourish, foster, tend. Akin to Tf^, T(t^, 
(a teat and a nurse,) Ti^i^, &c. :* Ldd. tTi^jiw, fTx- 
datdtaacoj as Katrp(6(rcr» ; Tidai^^acw, as wBbv Dor. 
(2) Damm for TiBinu fidaiy^ to lay up food. 

TiOaahSfTidaaffhSt tame, domesticated, — reared in 
gardens, of plants ; — domestic, of broils. — Prop, nursed, 
reared, tended, as in Ti6^P7t and TiBatSdffffM, (2) E. 
^c^trw, to sit (quiet). 

TiB^f the same as TlrBrj, 

Tlejiijui inf06(v. 

TtOijpri, a nurse ; — a mother. R. f &(i«, fnOduu, ri- 
Hirn^ as Elpfitffi : Givmg suck. TiOriyhs adj. is used 
of nursing, tending, rearing, and in the masc. is used of 
a tutor. Ldd. allies Tt^w? to Tkai;, a TEAT, 

TtBhst the same as Tidaffis. 

TIktod : in fTcicw. 

TfAoi, things pulled to pieces, as flocks, motes in the 
hair, * riff-raff flying from plucked rags:* Steph. — R. 

TIAciw, to dung ; esp. in a liquid manner : and Ti\os 
is dung in general, and esp. liquid dung. But it seems 
to be prop, nff-raff, refuse ; then, as Excernimentum, Ex- 
crementum, excrement, from t(XA.«, to pluck. As TiAot. 

TiWWj to pluck, pull, pick out ; — midd. pull the hair 
in grief, mourn. — It seems allied, through the aflinity of 
T and A, to Als, Aixa, Ai^, and to mean separation 
and excision. As Ya», ^dWw, (2) Scheide allies it 
to T€AA«, to cause to rise up, as Dnn. makes * KlWa 
a form akin to KeAAo).* Hesych. explains TiAAci by 
'Ai/o-oTT^, draws up. (3) Allied to our TiU, 

Ti>^, honor, &c. — ^R. t(«, rfrlfuu, 

Tlfiri<rtSf valuation, census. — B. rlw. 

TifiuphSf * honoring, valuing ; but usu. helping, aid- 
ing; — avenging, punishing. R. rift^, ietpu) (liopa) 
<apa> :' Ldd. *R. Ti^t^, Hpu ;' Dnn. For Tifuiopos, 

Tivdaffo)^ to shake, brandish. — Allied to Aii/€«, (as 
AalSa, Taeda,) to whirl or roll about ; or (as 'Xh and 
Tw,) to :iiviov a sieve, ^ivid^(c to sift. — But Dnn. ex- 
plains it prop, to hold forth, and derives it from reivu. 
Nearer, rivco. So Lenn. ' from ti«, pro-tendo.* 

Ttu$hsy TipOaXfQSf boiling -hot -^-* Of comm. origin 

with ei€pbs from a form d/tr», Te^nrrai, r^Bi-nvrai, t€- 
Oivrat, whence Tiv06s, So TiJ^« to burn :' Dnn. (2 ) 
* TwdaXfoSy perh. for Ti^oAcos, for da\4os from ;^aAA», 
[whence ^dikvu, to warm]': Lenn. (3) Our iindf 
tinder, Sax. tendon. 

TlvvfLOif to punish, Tiofiai, And 

T(y«, to pay a penalty, as Ti«. 

Tih Tih, imitation of a bird's note. 

T/irT€, = rl TTOTf, why ever . . . ? 

T(y, gen. rlvos, who ? Tivos is prob. from Ttivm or 
rlvaty to stretch out the hand to point to. * Digito mon- 
strabitur', Hor. — So Tiy, some one. 

Ttralvwy as fTaiVw, TciVv, Tayvw, to stretch, spread 
out ; — draw along, as a chariot j — midd. strain or exert 
oneself ; — strain, tend or move towards. 

TiVavos, * gypsum, chalk, marble-scrapings. — Perh. 
from the Thessalian town or hill Tiravos, II. 2. 735, 
(Tirdtfoid T€ AewicA ndpnua,) as Greta, ehalk, from 
Greta, Crete :' Ldd. (2) Mrt from riraiya, riraofw : 

* From its being drawn out in plastering.' 

T/toI, a king ; TtTfiinj, a queen. Hence Ldd. derives 
the TiTWiSj Titansy a race of gods : i.e. kings. — * R. 
perh. t/(w, [r^trai] :' Dnn. So Greg.: ^Ttrdyri, hono- 
rdta\ Compare Lat titnku, 

TirOri, a TEA T, nipple ; — a nurse. And TirBhs, a 
TEA T; — a nurser, rearer. * Akin to TtO^. B. ^ia, 
to suckle ;* Dnn. (2) 0\m TEAT, 

Tirlfuy * like nt»ff«, to cry ti ti, churup like a young 
bird:* Ldd. To Tvntter, 

TiTXdptOf * a kind of writing-tables : others write 
TtAAdpia, pens :* Ldd., i. e. from t/AA» : Plucked out 
from birds. Titulus is ' a ticket, scroll or tablet', Forcell. 
TirXdpia then from 

T/tAos, the Lat. titulus. And this from, rlw, rert- 
rat : prop., a scroll or title or mark of honor. 

Tirpalva, = rtTpalvot, 

Tirp(S)iTK<o, to wound, prop, to perce, Tirpalva. 
Formed from Tf><Sw, like fTopeo), Tepcw, and allied te 
Tpavofj whence Tpavfw. a wound. (2) ' Hebr. tor, to 
cut :' Wr. 

TiTTuSffw, ' strictly of the cry of partridges.: also, 
like Ttri((a, of swallows, &c., to twitter, chirrup :' Ldd. 
— From the sound rtr, twit. 

Tlrvpos, Dor, for j^drvpos, a Satyr, companion of 
Bacchus. Also, like ^drvpos, a tailed ape. And the 
goat or ram that leads the flock. The Satyrs wero re- 
presented with goats' legs : And the Satyr Pan had his 
nose flat like an ape. — But rather Tirvpos is for Xurvpos, 
(as ^if, Ti/,) from cia^pa, prop, a goat's skin. 

Tirva-KofjLoi, to prepare, mi^e ready, allied to Tfiuxot, 
fr^Kca, frdaKv, 

TiT6aK0fMi, to aim, i.e. as above, prepare the bow to 
strike. — Scholtens compares through f tiu» Lat tn-tueor, 
to look at, i.e. aim with the eye : and so both are allied 
to '\rd(i), ^ria, reivo), *Telumque tetendit:' Virg. 

* Ductus sagittas tendere:* Hor. TEINAI ri dfoay 
fi4\ny Soph. So "Ops^dfievos IL v, 314. See Tiryx*^"* 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



TiTi>, the day. — Allied to TitAv, TVton, the god of 
the Sun. And to Tfrol, which see. 

Ti^iV, a water-spider, supposed to he a marsh-spider, 
from Ti<poi. Also, a kind of small boat made for the 
marshes. And a kind of grass or straw, growing in or 
about the marshes. ' Herba palustris,* Steph. — From 

Tit^osy a marsh, pool ; — marshy woodlands. — Much 
as Hf^os, "Vrj^pos, From rtlyw, rfw, T<£a, to extend, 
stretch out Compare Tivaryos, 

T(w, to pay 1. an honor to a person, 2. a price : allied 
to T((», TeivUf to stretch out the hand to pay : 1. To 
honor, esteem, value, rate. 2. To pay a compensation or 
retribution. Tlofieu, to punish, recompence, *AyTt-r€fv». 
Compare T17. 

TAd» : in TaXJm. 

i:\4iiJMVy enduring, miserable, — bold, patient. — Above. 

iT/Li€«, Tfi'ffyvj to cut, divide. — B. W/ui/», frc/ucw. 

Tdeey: answ. to'Oeev. 

To«, the old dat rtjp or To>i, (as oUOl for olfic/?,) from 
obs. f T05 =: irof, any. In any or some manner or 
respect. And, like Quidem for Aliquiddam, is ' indeed, 
truly,' &C. I.e., I must allow to a certain extent, in 
some degree. ' It is so indeed, but* &c. 

Toiy therefore : for ry, t»z, i.e. ro/intp, * on account 
of this.' 

Toiby, of such a kind, of that kind. — B. rot, ry, * in 
this way', * so'. See OXos, 

Toixos, the wall of a house or court : side of a ship. 
— Allied to Telxo*' 

TSko, Dor. for Tdtc, as "Ot^, •Qica. 

ToKfbSf a father. — ^B. tckw, riroKaj riicrfo. So 

T6kos, gain produced by money at interest— -Above : 
as fFeo, *^o;, Fenns. 

TokfjLdM, like TXdo;, fTaKdxo, to bear, endure, hazard, 
undertake, undergo, tolerOf &c. TdAJia, boldness. — 
See fToXdu. 

ToKihniy a dew or ball wound up for spinning : ToXo- 
ir€iSo9, to wind up, hence to finish, as TeA^a, accomplish, 
achieve. And to wind off for spinning, — spin, devise. 
As ToX^m; is the ball wound up, and this is the ^finish- 
ing', then from t«\€«, tctoAo, to finish. As vdpllH, 
a7anH, (a) * B. raTidu^ as TaXdaiov :' Mrt. Com- 
pare TOAfida. 

Tofi^, a cutting, cut, &c — B. r4/xvuj rerofia, 

Tofjuay as ""Ev-rofuij entrails of victims cut out for 
sacrifices on taking oaths. — Above. 

Tdfjiovposy T6fMpoSy priest at Dodona. — ^^ As these were 
Egyptian rites, prob. from rofi^y oupd : from the priests 
being circumcised :' Hemst. * A eunuch. — Some from 
Mount T^Spos in Epirus : Jupiter Tmaritu in Claudian. 
The mount is called Tdfxapos by Strabo :' Ldd. — *From 
the rofJMt sections or Templa (as this from T^/akw,) 
into which they divided tlie sky:' Scheid. — Or from 
T6fio9j a book, (== rofx-fi : Separate part of a bode,) odpoiy 
a guard. As guarding the sacred books containing the 

Totfeop{t(<Oy to mutteri babble. — * Formed prob, to re- 

present the sound :' Dnn. and Lenn. — * R rSvos :' Mrt. 
Allied to Lat. tonoy to thunder. 

T6pos, tension. — R relpwy rerova ; — strain or tone 
in music ; — ^accent, measure, &c ; intensity, vehemence ; 
— a rope, cord, to strain or tighten, or which may itself 
be stretched. 

T6^oVy a bow; plur. bow and arrows, and the arrows 
only. — * Tdf», ri^ov, r6^ov i Etym. M. As "Ayfcoj, 
"OyKOS ; 'AyiihSy "Oyfios ; AA7X<i»'«, A^XOyx« ; &^ 
* Doctus sagittas Tendere ;' Hor. Or the obs. ^rda, 
rdw, whence irr-irocrfft in Pindar, 4. 4. 43. (Z) B. 
f T^«f«, "fri^ety whence TiitraVy Te^x"* *"^*^ TwxoSy an 
implement, weapon, &c. 

TOnAZION, a topaz. — ^Plmy says, from Topazos, an 
island in the Bed Sea. 

Toirc(^<v, to conjecture, suspect. — B. rivos, I, e. to 
give a place to a conjecture. Somewhat as Hammond : 
< There is no PLACE of doubting that' * To figure out 
in one's fimcy :' Schrev. — Others thus j to attempt to 
put into a place by aiming at, — ^to aim at by conjecture, 
as lirox^oiuu, 

T&noSy a place, spot : place or passage in a book. — 
B. ^r6My (like ^rAuy) to extend, (a word asserted by 
Heyne, Find. P. 4. 43): Extent of plate, — Greg, from 
froo;, Tw, as meaning to take, receive, Uke TdQuy 
Teray<&v. See Trj. And compare Xdapa, Xupos, (2) 
^ChaJd. t^hasy comprehendo:' Mrt, 

T6pyos, a vulturfe. — B. ropbsy * sharp, said of the 
sight, the Lat torvu8\ (Dnn.) > ropfSs. Or •fropueSs. 

Topewa, in the same senses as Top4(a. Also, ^ to grave 
as a sculptor, hollow out; engrave, carve, form figures 
in alto or basso relievo, emboss ;-— polish or give the 
last finish with the chisel:' Dnn. 

Topf4coy as T€p4a, to bore, pierce: — utter in a loud 
and piercing tone. 

TopfxUy -uri, the same as Tcp/ui, a turning- post 

T6pfjL05y a hole or socket, nave of a wheel, the socket 
in which a door turns. — K rop4w, to bore. 

T6pvoSy ' a carpenter's tool for drawing a round, like 
our compasses; — a tumer^s chisel, lathe-chisel, — a 
carver's knife or chisel; — that which is turned, a 
circle, round. The same with TopfwSy T6pfi'ny akin to 
frop4a>y Tflptu : ' Ldd. That which wears away or 
chases in turning. So Topvet^w, -do), tomo, to turn, 
work with a lathe and chisel, to round. 

TopoSy piercing, sharp, clear, audible; — intelligible, 
explicit, accurate;^ — sharp, active. — B. Top#w,to pierce. 

Topvyriy a stirrer, ladle for stirring liquids on the fire. 
B. rtipwi r4ropoiy to rub : As rubbing and bruising sub- 
stances in a pot So from fropvu, rpvw, to rub, is 
Tpvfi\ris a ladle for stirring with. Hence Topvvrirhy, 
panada or stir-about 

T<J<ros, so great: answering to*Oo-os. 

T6<rtras: in *Ev4roa<rt. 

T<fr€, i. e. t^tc, * and at that (time),' * then,* answer- 
ing to "Otc. 

tT0*02, tuffy sandstone, rotten-stone, tqfiu, Germ. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



to/. T(J^os is not found : only To^tiSdv^ s quarry, in 
Tab. Heracl. — Q. if allied to T4<t>pa ? Loose cram- 
bling stone like so much burnt ashes ? 

T64>paj for 80 long; — for sach an object, so that — 
Answering to "Otppa. 

Tpayaifhvy a callosity; — cartilage. — R. rpiixoff ^«, 
"fhpayofj * to be rough or stiff,' (Dnn.). Thus Ari- 
stotle says of sponges, that one kind are * very hard and 
Tpax^h rough, called Tpdyou^ 

Tpaydta, ' to be over-luxuriant and so unfruitful: as 
buck-goats high in flesh are unfit to produce:' Dnn. 
B. rpdyos. 

TpdyrifMy and Tpvydkia, * what is eaten for eating's 
sake, dried-ifruits, as figs, almonds:' Ldd. — R. rpdryw. 

TpdyoSf a he-goat, from rp<&yvy (^rpceyoifj to gnaw. 
As in Ovid: ^BODE, caper, vitem.' But some from 
rprfix^i to be rough. Also, the smell of the arm-pits, 
like that of a goat; — lasciviousness, as of the goat: — 
and the first period of the sensual appetite, whence Tpa> 
yl(o» to change the voice at the time of puberty. 

TfKX7-qi>8ia, tragedy, the prize for which was a goat 
— R. rpdyos, 9}$^. 'Carmine qui tragioo vilem certavit 
ob HIBCUM.' Hon 

TPAKTON, white bleached wax ; Tp<iicTw/M(, a sticking 
plaster made of it — A Latin word, if Stephens rightly 
explains rpaucros leripbs * cera quaa trcKtando inalbuit.' 
And TpdKTu is a kind of piitste, (Steph.) tracta, men- 
tioned by Cato, and expl. by Forcell.: ^manibus bene 
subacta, et in longum iracta in modum membranarum.' 

Tpdfxri, Tpdfiis, the line dividing the scrotum and 
passing on. Allied by Ldd. to Lat frames, tramitis. 
But perhaps from ^rpduj rerpaitna, .to perforate, and so 
to divide. Moreover, tpifus is also the hole rh TprjfAa 
of the breach, says Photius. 

Tpofiirls, a ship. — For rpavls, (as Xaf/lidofta,) allied 
hy Ldd. to Traiba, Trabia, and Tpdini^, which see. (Rare.) 

Tpatf^s, piercing, shrill;— -clear. — As Tophs from 
rop4w, f Tpev, so from frpoiai, rvrpadvw is Tpayiis, 

TpixeQoif a table, bench, tablet; — counter, bank: 
Tpoire^'n;?, a banker. — For Tcrpd-ircfa, having four feet. 
As Avunculus, Uncle. 

Tpoaeiw, to tread or trample on grapes. — Jones from 
Tp€iF», rpauru: To TURN about as in treading. Damm: 
« To tread so as to TUBN into wine.* 

TpAtrn^, Tpd^Ti^, trabs, trabis, a beam : but it really 
means the handle of an oar, (Hesych.) B. rptvta. 
'Perhaps because in rowing it is turned hither and 
thither : ' says Steph. Or, with Dnn., ' as with it a boat 
is turned or moved.' See St James 3. 4. — Or properly 
a cun-ed beam : Tpdvri^ meaning also the keel of a ship, 
like Tp&iriSy which see. 

Tpoo-t^, for ToptTub like Tdp<ros, a hurdle to dry 
cheeses on. So UcpOu^ hrapBov, tvpaBov. 

Tpcatkhs, lisping, mispronouncing. — 'B. bpadm, to 
brei^L: dpaa\6s :* Ldd. Or evenfTpow, to wound, ('clip 
the Queen's English/) whence TpafVot. Compare Ko;^f 
and "VeKK&s. 


TpaS/xa, a wound. — Allied to Tprfo;, TtrpdxTKw; to 
wound, through obsolete fTpcUW. 

Tpo^epoy, fat, well-fed; — fattening. — B. rpetpu^ 
Tp(i^|: in Tpdmi^. 

Tpux-nKiQu, *to take by the throat; — to bend tlie 
neck back or grip by the throat; — bend back the 
victim's neck, so that the throat gapes when cut; hence 
to expose to view, lay open:' Ldd. — Fiom 

Tpoxn^os, the neck, throat — Hemsterh. from the 
roughness of its joints, from rpdxifs, or rather rp^x^t 
"ferpaxov to be rough. 'From the processes of the cer- 
vical vertebrae :' Dnn. (a) B. rpix^i from the circular 
form. Compare ^Xos from Ocw, "Irvs^ and Ilept- 
•ZpoyLos a circular gallery. 

Tpdx^f, rough, rugged.— B. ^rpiu, rirpdju, rirpabfu, 
TCTpafvw, to pierce. 

TFEIS, TPIA, tres, three. — ' Dre Sax., dry Du.. iri 
Welsh and Erse :' Dr. J. — Suppose, as 5 is thought 
called in Greek from the^e fingers, so 3 called from the 
three WOBEING fiugers, i.e. the thumb and the two 
next : from Updu, i. e. 8pc65, SpeZr, rpcis, as D is found 
in the Sax. and Dutch, and APE/a« and TPEx» are 
allied. ? 

Tp6ju», to tremble, tremo, rpiu. 
Tp4wu,U) turn.—' The old Lat frqao. The radical 
Tp4u to tremble: ' Dnn. I. e. to make rp^iv to fear, to 
terrify, rout, turn. As ti3Ae«, /8A>«no;; Spc'IIw. 

Tpc^v, to make thick, curdle, coagulate; derived by 
Parkh. from rpeiro;, Tcrpe^o, to turn i.e. into curd: 
then, to make compact, firm, or solid, to fatten, nourish, 
feed, rear up. So Dalzel makes it prop, to coagulate, 
(a) B. ^^p«, f ^6pcw, t^p«», to warm, cherish, nourish.. 
(3) • Hebr. ierqih, to feed:' Wr. 
Tp4xvos, in Tepx^os, 

Tp^X»» to run. — ^Like Tp^ira, from rp^w, to flee. 
Thus ' Tp4xt» with ^xvs and irepi iwvrov, to run for 
his life: met to hazard, risk:' (Dnn.) The fut frp^^cu 
was softened into ^p4». (2) For f^P^X^ allied to 
tAp€/i«, ApSfAos. (3) ' Hebr. ckrek, to go forward: ' Wr. 
Tp^«, to fear, tremble, flee. — *R relput' Mrt. 
Future repo), frep^, rpiu: Prop, to be distressed, tor- 
mented, allied to Tapdjao/Mu, to be agitated. 
Tpctf, to bore: for Top^w. 

Tp^/io, a hole; pi. the holes or pips of dice. — R. 
rpdu, rirpaivu, or ropia, "frpiosy to pierce. What is 
pierced through. 

Tpijpcoy, fearful, from rp4u: also *tlte fearful dove.' 
Tp^pmcri TTfKeidcn, Horn. 
Tprixifsi Ion. of TpdxilJs. 

TpidicovTa, 30. -^ B. rpia, and -Koma formed perh. 
from ^KOffty ^Uori, f efcoNrt, Lat vigiNti. So ^6l^r^- 
KOVTO, Sec ^ 

Tpid(wy to conquer, i.e. to throw one's adversary rpfa 
three times. ' This is one of my THBEE conflicts,' has 
^schylus. So Tpueyftbs a victory, and allied seems 
{frpiaf^os,).&plafi€osy Triumpkut, Triumph. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Tpicuvaj a ti'ident. — E. rpla, tria. 

TpiSaKhs, rubbed, worn, fine; — inured, practised, 
liackneyed, crafty, as Tptfiwy, Tpififta, — R. rpl€w. 

TpieaXKoly * the TribaUi^ a people on the borders of 
Thrace; hence a Comic name for barbarian gods: — a 
slang term for young fellows who lounge about taverns, 
like the Mohocks of Addison's times:' Ldd. 

Tpi€o\oSf ' like Tpi-fieX^Sf three-pointed, three- 
pronged; hence subst a caltrop; — a thing of like shape 
on a horse's bridle; — from the likeness of shape, a 
prickly water-j^nt, water-caltrop, tnbubu, and a land- 
plant; — plur. smart sayings, gibes, Fr. pointes:' Ldd. 

— B. Tpte, fioXii. 

TpieoSf a beaten path; — practice, exercise;— delay. 

— B. rpiSou, rpX€u. 

Tpi€(v, to rub, wear, bruise, wear out, exhaust, ener- 
vate; — wear the time, protract, delay; — become trite 
and common; — mid. to wear away the time on anything, 
exercise oneself in, inure oneself to. — * Allied to Tefpw, 
and Trim, Tritum:' Dnn. Thus : rtpu, ^Tfpiv, ^rpla, 
frpiw. So 3A(£», ^MBA. And see *Afx<pt-rplrn. (a) 

* Hebr. iereph, to tear:' Wr. 

Tplecavj well-versed or skilled, &c., as Tf)t§o>c^j. 
Also, a worn thread-bare cloak. — R. rpi€o). 

Tp((t>»i to squeak, chirp, — creak, grate, jar. — Allied 
to ^rpllu, Strido, * Tpi(co and KplCo9 prob. formed to 
imitate the sound :* Dnn. Or for Ttprrifa. Or even 
allied to Tpf^w, to rub, scrape. 

Tpiiifia, a practised knave, as TptScucdSj TptSuv : 
Tf)f^«, r4rpifAfjuu. 

Tplifo^, a trident. — R. rpla. 

Tpi^6sy for TpuradSf as Aiaa-dSy Ai^Ss. 

Tpiordf ' a sound imitative of a bird's voice :' Ldd. 

Tpiorrh, ear-ring with three eyes or drops: rpto, 
•fj}TT€, 6(r(r€, eyes. 

TpiirffureKos, childish from age, — From rpla, 
if4fiw€\o5, which see. (2) Dr. Jones from rplajvifirra: 

* Who sends -himself on with three legs.' 

TpivKdffioSj Tpnr\6oSj triple. As AmXdffioSf M- 

Tpi-irovSf Tplirosy g. rpl-rrodos, tripod :-^Tpiaj vovs. 

TpUf thrice, as Als, twice : R. rpiffl dat. of Tpels. 

Tpura-ds, Tpiros, Tplraros, third. — R. rpis. 

Tpiroy4v€ia, Minerva, bom at the Lake Tiitonis in 
Libya. * Pallas Libycis Tritonidos edita lymphis :' Sil. 

Tpirrhs, the third «f a tribe, &c. -^ R. rplros. 

Tp^xo, Tpix^A, in three ways. — R. rpla, as Alxa, 

Tpi^is : in Tphffa. 

Tp6fJU>Sf trembling. — R. rpipxo. 

TpoiratoVf tropceum, a trophy raised at a Tpoir^. 

TpoirdAls, TpoTTijAlj, a bundle, bunch. — R rpira, 
as TpovSsj a twisted thong. See TpovSs. 

Tpoir^, turning of the enemy: rp4ir<». 

Tpdmi^, handle of an oar, * by which a boat rp4irerat 
is trimed or moved :' Dnn. See in Tpdin}^. 

Tpoms, a ship's keeL All from rpiw. 'As made 

of timbers turned ' : Greg. Compare Tpdm?^. Hence 
metaph. the conunencement. 

TpdvoSj the turn, disposition, character, temper of the 
mind ; — the manner of doing anything, as marking the 
turn of mind, as Kara rbv 'EWrfPiKdy rp6vov, After the 
Greek fashion. Also a trope or figure, change from the 
ordinary to a figurative meaning. — R rpbroa. 

Tpoirds, 'a twisted leathern thong, with which the oars 
were fastened to the thole : called also ^rp6<l>05, stroppus, 
(a strap'). Also a beam: see Tprfmj^:' Ldd. — R. 
Tp4ircOf verto, volvo. 

TpouXA.(ov, tndlaj a trotoel, shovel : allied to Tptn^Ai;, 
a ladle, (a) From the Lat truoj truUa. — ^Very rare. 
Tpo<f>a\U, fresh cheese. — R. rpiifw, to curdle. 
Tpo^^, food. — R. rp4<fw. 

Tpoxaios, a trochee, - v. All derive from rpSxos^ 
cursus. Terent. Maur. calls the Iamb * pedem raptim 
citum' and adds of the Trochee: * Nee miniis CURRIT 
Tpoxaios lege versft temporum.' 

Tpox*^^«» a roller, wheel, pulley, windlass. — B. 
rpexu, to run. 

TpdxiXos, a wren; — a wagtail, sandpiper, or such 
like. — R. rp4xv. So Currtica, the hedge-sparrow, 
seems to come from Curro. 

Tpox^s, a wheel, hoop, &c. And Tpoxo«> to revolve 
— ^R. rp€X»- 

Tp{>€\iopf a cup, bowl, dish. — * I think it is that in 
which are put rh. rpv6fifvaj intrita, tritcB esc« :' Mrt. 
Or R. bpvTrroD, flrpvBoi', as ixdiXuBoy. Compare 

Tp&yri, * ripe fruit gathered in for keeping, fruit, coro, 
from rp&yw, to dry, as the notion of ripeness iaclndes 
that of dryness; TptJyij means also dryness : 'Ldd. — 
See in TptJ^. 

Tpvyov&u, &puyavdta, to tap at the door. — ^ To make 
a hollow murmuring sound : from rp^fw :' Dnn. 

TpiJyw, Tp6(rKU, to ^ry. — 'R dipu, [p€p6co,'\ 
r€p6u. Or T«(p«, T^pa:' Schneid, Compare Tcptrw. 

Tpiry^Sfa, comedy. — * Called from the prize which 
was a cask of (new) wine :' Bentl. * Because the singers 
smeared their faces with lees as a ludicrous disguise : 
Hor. A. P. 277 :' Ldd. — R. rph^, rpuySs. 

TpvytaVf turtle-dove, from its cooing. — R Tpu^a», 

TptJfw, * like Tpffw : Tp^^w referring to duller, Tpl^w 
to sharper, shriller sounds :' Ldd. * Doubtless formed 
to imitate the sense :' Dnn. 

Tpw^Xo, -ris, * a cook's ladle or pestle. Comp. our 
trowel, [and trulla]. R. rpitm :' Dnn. 

TpvKKlQoo, to cry, esp. used of the quail. — * Formed 
from the sound, as Tpif^toC Ldd. and Dnn. 
, Tp6fi7j, Tpv/ioAt^, a hole. ^^ R. rplm, to rub a hole. 

Tpvfiri, like Tplfifia, a knave. — R rpilw. See 

Tpi'l, gen. rpvyhs, * new wine not yet fermented and 
racked o% wine with the lees in it, — hence new bad 
wine ; — the lees of wme or oil, dregs, dross, metaph. o£ 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



an old man:' Ldd. — 'R. rpvyri^ or the same origin :' Dnn., 
who adds the sense of ' wine* to the meanings given by 
Ldd. of Tp^yn, So Schrevel. of Tp&yri, * wheat, com, 
fraits, vintage.* (2) ' Hebr. tirosck, mastam:' Mrt. ? 

Tpinrdwf from rp^ : to bore a hole, pierce with an 
auger called Tp{nravov, 

Tpvffffhs, easy to be mbbed, friable. — R rpiwy ffto. 

Tpvrdunjf a balance, and the tongne, trutina, — All 
derive from rpiw, ' Eostath. as it rpierat [is much 
Worn, trita, opp. td ft-rpwros,] by the weight of the 
things weighed. If it is prop, the hole of the balance, 
within which is the tongue, then rightly from rp^ == 
TpdfA, to perforate, as Tpifirj [and TpDira] :* Greg. 

Tpv<pd\€ia, * a helmet with a ipd^os projection to re- 
ceive the plume. Tpvo»:* Buttm. Terpvfitvri. (2) 
For Tpi-(pd\(ia, as T€Tp(i-<f>a\os is also used. ? 

TpwpaXUf a small piece or slice. — And 

Tpv^, effeminacy, luxury, insolence, wantonness. — 
R. dpimuj irpv^ov : As breaking down, dissolving, 
weakening the strength or corrupting the morals. 

Tp{Kf>os, a morsel, fragment-— R. dp^wrw, frpwpov. 

TpOxos, a rag, shred. — R. rp^x^t ^ ^6*r out, — as in 

TpvMj TpiJx«7 to wear, rub, wear a hole ; — wear the 
spirits, fatigue, vex, molest, afflict — R. reipuy repu^ 
'\Tep6(0f rp^w. So Hemst., &c. 

TpwydXiUj coy : in Tpdyrjfjui. 

Tpc^ryAi}, a hole, hollow, cave. — R. rpdgyu: As eaten 
through, exgsa. 

Tpt&ya^ to gnaw, eat — R. Topea, ^rp6o»j rp^ca^ as 
Tfi-frytc : To pierce with the teeth. — Or rclpWy to rub, 
as Tp^Wy Tpdu. 

Tp(&KT7is, a devourer : R. rpciywj rerpuKTui. — * In 
Homer, Phoenician traffickers are called TpwKTot, greedy 
knaves : some however take it as a proper name :' Ldd. 
' In vulgar language, a bite :* Dnn. * A devourer of 
others :* Damm. ' To trvckj traffick by exchange, Fr. 
troqtiery Span, trocar. Deduced by Salmas. from rpt&~ 
7« to get money :' Todd. 

Tpcb|, a caterpillar ; i.e. gnawer. — R. Tpt&ya, ^«. 

TpdileufoVy what falls from the manger while cattle are 
eating. R. rpdf^ot^ rp^co. Also, dry wood, brush- 
wood: allied to TpvTi;, dryness^ which is allied toTpJ|. 

Tponrctw, Tpofx^^f formed from Tpeirw, Tpcx^* 

Tp«6a>, to wound, hurt : in TirptaaKa. 

Th.tu^thou: See in :Su. 

Tvyx^o^y through fTvx^oii "tT^^^X^T *o strike upon, 
hit or light upon, chance upon, find, obtain : — happen 
to do, or to be, prop. rvyx^o» ^<6p. 'O rvx^v, one who 
happens upon yon, any chance or common person. 
Allied to Tir^aKofjMt^ to aim at, hit; which see : And 
to TiJirrw. Dnn. allies Tiraivw. 

TvKoSf T^xoSf * from t€i;x« : an instrument for 
working stones with, mason*s hammer or pick : — from 
the likeness of shape, a battle-axe:' Ldd. So 

TvKThsj wrought, made, well- wrought, T€i/ict(Js.— R. 


TvAt}, Ti/Xos, any swelliiig, lump, bunch, nail, knot, 

peg, spindle ; — pad, bolster, cushion. — ^As tTw/, ffVBhs 
KTgrjXis, pTfjoBos, i^l^^P^i so tTAtj is allied to TeAAw, 
*hva-ri\\(e^ to rise up: for fT6\'n, fTdhos : and allied 
to ToUoy Tuliy Sus-fti/*, to raise up. (a) R, friw, 
trdtw, irfWf to extend, expand. Tumeo^ Tumory must 
be noticed. 

TwAWw, to roll up, prop, in the form of a TiJA.17, 

Tv\6o9, to make callous : — R. TTiKos in T^Ar;, 

Tv/i^os, * strictly the place where a dead body TiJ<^€TOi 
is burnt : usu. a (tumulus) mound of earth heaped over 
the ashes ; — a tomb, — tom6-stone ; — old man just 
going to the tonib ;' Ldd. Com p. arpdfiSBO^. (2) Some 
compare tumeoy tumulus. ^ Welsh twm mound : Ir. tu- 
oma ;' Wbst. 

TiifMfjuiy a blow. — ^R. -nJnTa, rervfifuu. 

Tvfiiravovy a kettle-drum; — drum-stick, or gen. a 

stick to beat with : Tt/mpanum R. r^irruy f tuwcwov, 

rv/iirayov, as \aM€dva, <rrp6f/L6o5, 

TjJkt7, ^ T^, tUy thou. 

Twhsy Tvyvbs, small. — * These sound like the Latin 
Tenuis :' says Mrt And Tenuis is Teu'cc^s, extended, 
long, thin. Twhs seems an MoYic form, as yTi^, i8T- 
Ohs, &c. Compare *EAoxt5s. (2) Our tiny, Dan. tynd. 

TTNTA02, * mud and confusion : ' Phot * In Ari- 
stoph. P. 1 148 TvvT\d(u is to grub round a vine's roots, 
L e. by going in the mud or mire :' Ldd. TuktAos is 
explained by Schrevel. * clay, trifles.' And TvmXwSyjs 
is silly, frivolous. — Perhaps all from rwhsy small, and 
so frivolous, trifflng ; then earth reduced small, mire,&c.: 
^niv€\oSy "frvyKos. See KSrpos from Kdirra, The 
Dan. tinty tynd, small, is still nearer. 

Turros, stamp, figure, impression, mould, pattern, 
form, rough sketch, &c. — From 

T^TTTa, to strike, beat — Allied to TvyxivtOy to hit 
a mark ; Ttrt^KO/xai, to aim at or hit : and perhaps 

'A-Tufw. Comp. ^pTrrrn, smrn, jBAifirra (2) 

Mrt from Hebr. Rab. Utaphy to beat Our tap, Fr. ta^ 
per, Dan. tapper. See AoOiroj . All from the sound. 

T^payyosy a king, tyrant. — Gen. thought the same as 
K^ptos and KolpavoSy as T^i^os and Keivos. (2) Mrt. 
from rtipUy riropa, to oppress, torment T ^olic, as 
yri^, prteSs. (3) As lord of TtJpos, Tyre. (4) Al- 
lied to TTPtrts, a tower, TURn&, See Titpiris, 

Tipij] : in 'kxtpSi)- 

Tvpibsy cheese. Bo^Tvpoi*, butter. — ' Some from obs. 
f T<;pa) aJdn to frtipetf, the assumed R. of Tapdcrffu, to 
stir up : Hence Tvp6uy to stir up, disturb:' Dnn. — This 
last suggeste friipw as = aiptOy (like Tt>, 2i5 ; TrjreSy 
S^res ; TcDtAoj', ScOtAoi',) whence ^Supffrj, T^pSrjy 
TwbOy Dis-turb. (2) Mrt from reipw, reropa, to rub, 
wipe dry, whence T^pco;, to dry. T ^olic, as yTv^, 
^ebsy vTfufni. 

TTP2I2, TTPPI2, turrisy a tower, Sax. tor. — As 
Qiipaos from ^w, Bup<ra from fivuy Tipffis might flow 
from ^riwj "friw, tcAAw, to rise. — Dnn. allies TUR- 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



TvT0hSy * young, or small. Allied to TtrOhs, Theri : * 
Dnn. * Yet under the TiTd6s :* Mrt (a) Our tU in 
r«V-mottse, Tom-tit. 

Ti;^, ' a plant used for stuffing bolsters, our cat's- 
tail:'Ldd. — Allied to 2tiJ^«, to draw together, and 
our Stuff, (a) Our tough. 

Tv^KhSf blind. — * Prob. Twt>eKhs from tw^ : Smoky, 
misty, darkened :' Ldd. Or having rwfwv smoke cast 
in the eyes, a mist thrown over the eyes. (2i) R twittw, 
T^ru^ as from Km^U from K6irru is Kj&ipwffis o<pOa\- 
fiwp in Erotian. 

Tv^s, smoke, mist, cloud ; — met conceit, vanity, as 
all smoke ; — folly, siUiness ; — stupor as clouding and 
darkening the mind, arising from fever, typhus. And 

Tu^, to raise a rwjMs smoke, to smoke, to consume in 
smoke. — ' Ti/0« is certainly akin to Gucv, 0v/A^f, ^olic 

*u/jASf Fumus : also to Bdwrvj T^pa, Tepor :' Dnn. ' 

TiM^ci^s, a furious whirlwind, whifling clouds of dust, 
ffom Tv^os, smoke, cloud. (2) ' Because it was held 
to be the work of the giant Typhus :' Ldd. 

TuxVy chance, luck, fortune. — R. "frux^* rvyxdv<»t 
to light on. 

TtaQ6,(i», to taunt, mock. — Prom the obs. fr^w, f^- 
r^Or\v, as in 'Er-crtio'O'e, Tittro-as, T6iwos^ allied to Td», 
fr^o), Teivm, to stretch out, then point i.e. the hands 
in derision. In form, compare "Vilidtotf, 'P060«v, KXi&dto, 
(2) As Taunt from the ancient Tand, a tooth, so Tw- 
ddCof allied to our tooth, Sax. toth : To show the teeth, 
snarl at. Or in the sense, * to cast in the ieeth\ Matth. 

Tci>s, so : answering to 'fis.—Prop. rois i.e. roiSrois, 
' his modis.* 

*T S, sound to imitate a person snuffing a feast. 
'HuhuV Plant. 

*taywv or Swdywi^, = iSicrywy. 

'ToScf, the Hyades or Hainers, a constellation sup- 
posed to bring rain : hence Virgil, ' Pluvias Hyadas^ 
the rainy Hyades. — B. 0a. 

"'Ttwva, a sow, from*"Ty, W$:— the hyena, with a 
bristly mane like a hog. hi iatvai, the women dedi- 
cated to Mithras, the men being called Lions. 

*ToXos, "TeXoj, alabjaster, crystal, amber, glass. — R. 
000 : from the watery or rainy color of glass. Salmas. 
says it b * prop. Awmccftiw, dein pro lucido.* * From 
the transparency of glass*, Dnn., who adds, * R Cw, for 
X^tif, to melt.' As Ta7a, Ala i AefSw, ElSof. In form 
as Kpvcrr AA02. 

'TShs, hump-backed. — * *T6hs and Kv<phs are prob. 
the same word. Compare Gibbus ;' Dnn. And Grerm. 
Hubel. So A€l€a, EXeta : Faro, Ala. (2) R ^d : 
Bent under. So Uvvbs, *Ayrto5. B as in SBpts. 

"TBpis, proud insolence, outrage, violence. — R. fiircp, 
^(pds, vvtpls, Hirpis, t€pis : as Super, Superbus. The 
setting oneself above others. 

"TSpiSj iSos, a mongrel, hybrid. — Perh. allied to the 
above : as an injury or outrage to Nature. 

*Tyi^5, healthy, vigorous, sound. — Allied to "Typhf, 
which, says Damm, often means * bene valens.' Dnn. 
gives the sense ^ nimble, agile ', to ^Typds ; and ' agility' 
to *Typ6rn5 : and refers 'Tyiiis to S«, * from the inti- 
mate connection betw. moisture and growth.' 

*Vyp65, wet, moist ; — pliant,* tender, soft — R Sw, 
to wet, 5/co, ^uKp6s, vypSs. — Or from fSfw, ^^ov. 

'T5e«, 'f8«,*'T8(tf, to tell of, celebrate,'sing, as^^Sw. 

— ^ From 0«. The notion of singing flows easily from 

irrigation. All poets are said to have watered their 

gardens from the fountain of Homer:* Valck. (2) 


Perhaps "TSa is onlj"^^ ^olicised. As YTvii, pTBvs, 
"TSwir. (S) • Hebr. hodah, celebro : ' Mrt 

"T^pov, = olSyov, a puff-ball : -Police. 

'TSpio, a water- pot; — any vessel. — And 

*T5panf^, uiros, dropsy for hydropsy. -—K 08«p. 
Horace : ' Aquosus humor.' 

"TSwp, water. — R 0», as 'I8pd>j from t^^», t***» ^'?/**» 
Herod. : *T(rai 08aTi XaJSpordrtp. 

"Tuos, belonging to *Tes, sues, swine: — 'Tijv^w, to 
be like a hog. 

*Ttrh5, rain. — R 0a. 

"Tijj, *epith. of Jupiter, like *T4tiosi Jupiter pluvius. 
Also of Bacchus: prob. as the god of fertilising mois- 
ture : hence his mother Semel^ was called *'Tri, and the 
nymphs who reared him 'TdSes:' Ldd. 

"TBKos, idle talk, nonsense : also "VffXos. •— R 08w, 
0^1/, 0<rtt(, to talk of, to sing : Smg-song. In TUu. 
(a) ' Hebr. hithul, derisio : ' Mrt. 

Tlhs, TUhs, Tfs, a son. — * R. 0«, <p^ : * Dnn. See in 
•TA17. *0 (phs is a ' son ' in Eur. Ph. — But perhaps 
0a in its own sense, much as *Ap6oa and ^Sircfpa are 
used 'de generandis homlnibus.' tlhs would thus 
answer much to the same use of Sir^pos or ^irfpfia: An 
efflux. (2) R <p6oi>, ^<f>vihsj vtbs, as Ttua, Ala, and 
*60, Hen. 

Tlwvhs, a grandson : R. vtbs, as OI05, OIwpSs. 

*r\db>, 'TAoKT^a, to HOWL, YELL, uluh, bark, 
bark at Icel. yla, Germ, heulen, Hebr. heliL All from 
the sound. 

"rx-n, f0Afo, Sylva or SUva, wood, a wood, under- 
wood, wood cut down for fuel,. fire- wood: — the raw un- 
wrought material, whether wood, stone, metal, &c. — 
matter, of which a thing is made — subject-matter, 
matter treated of. — ' R. 0a in the sense of ^t^ : A 
place where trees or plants grow:' Dnn. As Taio, Ala: 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



^€v, Heu : ^4p€ay Herba. -» Or (;» in t^ dton sense, as 
from this Dnn. elsewhere derives "TXtj, * from the in- 
timate connection between moisture and growth.' S3 
Greg, 'from ^a>, as timbers reqnire much rain [or mois- 

*TA(ftt», t6 cleanse, strain^ filter. — Schleusn. from iJXi?, 
* thick matter, sediment.' See 'TXij, * matter.* So Dnn. 
also, who adds: *From tfhts for Ikhs accord, to the old 

'TfiivaioSj hymenams, wedding song, marriage': also 
Eymen, 'Tfi^v, the god of marriage. 'TjuV ^ *tfi4vai€. 
Eurip. — *Y/xV) vfi4voi is in this sense gen. derived 
from (niepos which produced "ffofos, htfrnwus: The 
marriage song. (2) A sequenti v/ci^v, at dictum puta 
de virgine^ memlmmd. 

'T/ttV» a skin, membrane. * By 'T/Jiivts physicians 
meant the thin skins, covering the eyes, from their 
moisture, for they were always moist except in sleep:' 
Valck. That is, from voo, Sftai, to wet. (2) Some 
from i<p& to weave. A web. 

"Tfiyos, hymnw, a song, hymn. — For {>S6fievos or pf. 
vfi4voSj sung. Compare iiefUfSs. 

*TN, *IN, a Aw», a Hthrew measure. 

"Twis, *'Tyi5, a plough-share. — * Plutarch from vi, 
ace. ^i^, from the hog's nozzling and rooting;' Ldd. 
. "twosy the same as "Ivvos, 

*To(r-K{Kii/ju}5y 'strictly Hog-bean, answering to our 
Hen-bane, which causes giddiness and madness : 'Yoo*- 
-Kvafidoff to be raving-mad :' Ldd. ( 

"Tvap, a real visible appearance, opposed to "Oi'op; 
whence Homer's Ouk "ONAP iAX**'TnAP. — Scaliger 
from f 5ir^w, Sir-et/«, as *Tn6-<rrcunSj * a real existence,' 
' substance.' In form as EtSap. 

"Tvaros, for hripraroSf most above, highest, from 
(nr4p. Much as Inferissimus, Infimus: Optatissimus, 

'TIIEP, super y Ang. Sax. (>/cr, our oveTf above: — 
orcr, across, beyond; — ^like super, on or about, concern- 
ing; — over, so as to defend, in defence of; — on behalf 
of, in the room of. * Mobs. Goth, ufarj Scotch «f;ar'; 
Dunb. (a) R. fuTTTw, S.'jrraf to join, connect. Compare 
"Tirb and *Eir(. 

'Tv4pa, the UPPER rope, Le. the brace attaching the 
sailyards to the mast — R. vv4p. Properly Supera. 

*Tir€pos, -ovj a pestle. — Prbb. as simply being used 
viTfp over the mortar. See 'Tirepo, 'Tircp^a. 

*Tir€p<pia\os, 'most huge, exceeding in power; — 
overbearing, arrogant — 1. Bio, inr4p-fiiofj ^vvtpSlaXos; 
— 2. Changed from *Tirep-4>u^s, from ^u^, growth, 
stature;-^ 3. Running over the (fudXris cup's brim : This 
is very far-fetched; — Breaker of truces made by liba- 
tions from [over] <pla\ai cups : This is hardly worth 
notice : ' Ldd. Or w7rep-f ia\os, i. e. vvep-iujv, trans- 
-grediens, transgressing. 

*Tir4p^ev, 'like 'TTrep-^yws :' Ldd. Nearer, for 
"!C'irep<pv4a neut. pi. of *T7r€p^ir^y. 

'Tveptpa, the UPPER part of the mouth, palate; 

^*rv€p^ov, the UPPER part of the house. ~R. 

'rHiVTjj * the UNDER part of the face on which thd 
beard grows, hence the beard:' Ldd. — Clearly from 
^5, under, as Elp^vfi. (a) Dnn. 'from {irh, fl}i^, 
TfvloVf the part of a bridle in a horse's mouth: the part 
under this is 'Tii^m;.' (») Some say that which is 
both under and above, i. e. dvh and &ya. 

'Tmyi'^s, a young man with his first beard.-— 
Above. Homer: UpSrop iiniyfynjs. 

*Tjnjp^s, an under-rower, inferior servant, helper, 
&c. — R. &»r*, ip4Tri9y a rower. 

"Twos, sleep. — Supmtts is allied; and both are from 
virhf from under, up: 'A lying on the back,' says Lid- 
dell: i.e. so as to look upwards. See *Timos. (2) 
For*'Tiro7rws from diro-iryea: A breathing gently. 

'•mo, "Tirttl, under, close under; — near; — under 
the power of; — near such a time. — * Uf Mooso. Gotli :' 
Dunb. — Perhaps f Tirrw was used ^olic^ like*AirT«, 
to join, connect. See *Tir4p^ and *T(pdu. *Tirh and 
"tirkp seem allied not only in sound, but in the sense of 
junction or connexion of one thing with another. 

'Tiro-, in an underhand manner, secretly, insensibly; 
— from under, up, dir'. So Sub-spicio, Suspicio, is to 
look * froni under,' * up* 

*Tir6yvoSy .7V105, close under or by the hand, near, 
like 'EyyifSj Meariyhs, which. see: — near in point of 
time, recent, late. 

'TirSSpa, casting an under look, so as to look sus- 
piciously or grimly. — Short, as A«/ao, Ao;, for 'Tto- 
-^paxitv frx)m lico'}i4pKoiim, Nicander has **tieo^pd^, 

(2) R. (nth, Bpdu : Acting in an underhand manner. 

(3) Some from ^b, dpAu : D, as proDest, proDit, and 
somewhat as in li^0t/tos. 

*Vir6vofxov ^\K0Sf a sore feeding under the surface; 
v4iJMy viyofM, Hence the sense of ''tir6uoii05f an under- 
ground passage, mine, water-pipe. 

"rViJo-xecrij, a promise. — R. fx"> t^X^^s A holding 
oneself under an engagement. 

"tTrrioSf flat on one's back, with tJie face UP. — As 
Sub is * from under, UP,* in Suspicio, so '"Tittws from 
vvh, {nr\ like Suplnus from Sub:' Ldd. and Dnn. 

"Tpa^y a shrew-mouse. — R. Js, phs, from the snout 
resembling the swine's. For 'T€/>a| from a form iepbs, 
as *Upo5, *lipa^. 

'Tp^f confusedly, — thought = f 2wf»^, from a tJpw, as 
StJp/ia and :Zvp<l>€rhsy are things dragged, thrown, or 
swept together. So*T5 and 50s. 

*T^plffKos, 'Tf^lxos, a basket, AfiPixos. — ^An ^olic 
form, as it seems, from cTpo), Spa, to weave, whence 
fOfi^Uy frfil^h, as yri^, ^ebs, ^'To-Jos. See *rpxt 
(2) £61. for "Af^ixos. 

"^pxh, a pickle-jar, urceus, orca: allied to ^OpKounj 
and "EpKos, an inclosure generally. See in 'Tfi^lffKos. 

*V5, the same as ^vs. 

"Taylvoy, *a vegetable dye-stuff, made from the insect 
on a tree or shrub called "T^PH :' Dnn. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



"^aJot, ^ol. of 'Oa^s/OCos. 

'To-funj, a conflict, battle. — Prob. -ffiolic for fEcfuvjj 
from cfffjiiSy 'a crowd, multitude', (Don.) Compare 
T^^Utkos and 'Tpxh- See *ra<r6s. 

"'TcnrAirl, 177I, a rope drawn across the boands in a 
race-coarse. It seems clear that it most have meant 
orig. a whip or lash to drive swine with, or a whip of 
6wine*s hair to scourge with: from ?9, irA^o-(r», |w, like 
Bovwk-fi^. It then seems to have meant the whip to 
give the start with at the games : and, when a rope 
became used for this purpose, as let down at the starting, 
the old word was still retained : much aa Transenna, 
the cross-barred starting-place, was used also for the 
rope, by which it was let down. Dnn. says : * Prop, a 
rope serving as a bar.* — Also a rope or noose used by 
bird-catchers. — It meant also the catch in a trap 
which FALLS when touched, perhaps from the FALL- 
ING of the rope in the course, of which Lucian says 
*%nE2EN 17 S<nr\rj^. 

*T<r(ro«of,"'T(r<ro|, = rh aiBoM ywauceid, Ab ffr, 
nt Porcus et Pcarca apod Varronem et Catonem : et sic 
Xoipos. Forsan ultima pars -o-cUos = cdKavdpos, ut 
vult Ldd. 

*T<r<roy, a javelin. — Much like Tfffuvri. Probably 
iEol. for fEaffoSf formed as 'E(r<ri)v and *E<r/«Js: What 
is sent or thrown, as Jacio, Jaculum. (2) B. uw, vtru, 
metaph. as Gray's 'arrowy 8hoiDer\ and Pope's ^showers 

of stones.' (3) From the sound of its HISS or WfflZ 
through the air. 

'TiTT^pa^ the womb."— R l^€pos : 'As the lowest 
of the viscera:' Dnn. 

*T<rT«p^, am Zarcpos too late. 

"TarfpoSf later, the latter :— too late: ^Toraroy, the 
last, — R vwdj ^4<rr€pos, SoTepof, as Tircfrroror, 
"Txaros. More under, more after. 

•TffTpil, •T<rflpi|, hedge-hog. — R vs, 0pl^: Hog's- 

^(tHiu, 'T^JOiw, to weave.— Ldd. thinks 5^, (Wiw^,) 
Weave allied. So Woof. The Su. Goth, waefiea. 
(2) Perhaps an JEolic word for 'A^cb^ from airrw, to 
join, connect: To insert one part within another. And so 
perhaps is'T^eop the mistletoe. Compare 'Tr4p, 'Tv6, 
And T as eTyro, yTi^, jBTCifs. (3) Mrt. from Hebr. 
aphah^ to cover. ? 

"Ttbeap: in T<pdw, 

'T^Kos, high : from 

*T^l, *T^ovj on high. — All compare "Ct^ or 'Tiro-l 
with 'Tit*, up, as in *Tir-6(8o/Luu to look tip, — and also 
with 'Tirip, above. Compare^Aif' and *Airo. 

"Tw, to wet, water : "Tct, it rains; 'Tcrds, rain. — 
The same as few, f tiw, to s^d down. Thus compare 
'l8pcl>sand*T8wp. (2) For Xuo), as TaTa, A7a. And 
much as *ev, Heu. We say. How it is pouring down ! 

'T«^s, swinish: R vs, 66s. 


^aayrarosj most bright ~^ As *(£ai'0ev, from <paivw, 

^dycupa, tarytZaiva, an eating ulcer : from 

*ay€iv,tarYOfiai,to eat. — Allied to IldoficUj llariofuu, 
to feed on. T as in rfiiiTc^f r€rard>v. (2) * R t^"**» 
findo :* Lenn. As in 'A/nyt-^wroy, 3<^^C«» &C' (3) 
* Hebr. phehf the mouth ; or Chald. phagOf the jaw :' 

^a40o9, to shine. And 

^aeivhsy ^alhfios, ^aiBpbSj bright, gay, illustrious. 
— R. 4><£os. 

^auchsj * explained by Hesych. ^cuSpby, XafivpSs. So 
from ^(io), <l>aUfw : ' Ldd. — And ^aachs, -da-iov, certain 
white shoes. 

^cuvtyB^L iral(€iv, to play at ball so that, when you 
<l>aijni seem to be going to throw it to one person, you 
throw it to another. 

tawSKriSy a thick upper garment, pcenula. * Accord- 
ing to some, R. ^ouj'w, 8Aos :' Dnn. * As apparing 
whole : as it is the outermost vest :' Greg. — See on 

^cdvw, to show. — ^R. ^^M, as f B(£w, Baiva, 

4»a(by, grayish, dusky, dun ;— dull. — For 'Tirrf-^Muoy, 
somewhat shiny, something between light and dark. 

So by *a>Jbs Hemsterh. understands Snb-albus, shiny. 
Dnn. explains ^aihs ' resembling the dawning of day.' 

^dKfXos^ -W05 : in l^^dxeWos. 

«AK02, * the lentil ; — lentil-shaped vessel : lentil- 
spot : ^dK'CnlfiSf freckle on the face:' Ldd. — Q. ? 

♦(£\o7^, a phalanx, line of troops, battle-array ; — 
the three joints of a finger, disposed in a line ; a spider, 
from the long joints of its legs ; — anything long, as a 
log, pole, beam of a balance, lever, roller under ships. — 
B. ^>aAbs, bright. *(£Aa77€5, the shining ranks, glitter- 
ing with armor. K€KopvdfA4vos c^doiri x^^V* Horn. 
(2) Aspir. for firdXay^ from vdWwy to wield a spear. 
See n-fi\7i^. (3) ' Hebr. pheleg, to divide :' Wr. 

*aAoicp3y, bald-headed. — R. <l>aK6s: As having a 
white appearance. Some add rh ixpov^ the top. 

^AKapa^ 'from ^>iXos : parts of the helmet, prob. the 
cheek-pieces: — later, the cheek-pieces of horses and 
mules, adorned with embossed straps, Lat phdenB .*' 

♦oAopffw, to imitate PhaUirisj tyrant of Agrigen- 
tum, in cruelty. 

^oAdpis, a coot, from its white bald head : and ^a- 
Adpbs, having a patch of white. — R ipoXds. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



*aX^s, ^oAAb;, penis coriaceus sea lignetis. Com- 
paratar k Ldd. cum Lat palus, », et Angl. pakf pole. 
Comparat Dnn. cum ^^d\os 2., promineus aliquid.' 

(2) Jablonski makes it Egyptian, 
^a\\65 : in ^aX^s. 

*a\bs, bright, shiuiDg, shiny. — R. (fxiw, 

*rfA.os, * a part of the helmet, but what it was, is very 
hard to say:' Ldd. The metal ridge, says Buttra., in 
which the plume was fixed. Prob. from ([HuXhSj bright, 
as Homer has K6pvdfs hjc^jarpoun ^tdKoun, Dnn. says : 
* ^ciAos, a stud, a projecting knob in the front of a hel- 
met : the same word as ^oA^s, bright, with the addi- 
tional sense of something prominent or projecting :* Dnn. 

^av^phs, clear, manifest. — B. ^vm, <paafw, 

tdyhs^ bright ; ^ou/^, a torch : *ayai, torch-proces- 
sions. — B. <l>doa. 

^dir/js, the sun, Apollo : — the first principle of all 
things. — Above. 

^wTd(ofuUy to show oneself ; place before one's mind ; 
— ^avToa-ia, appearance, image in the mind, fancy. — 
K. (paivuj ir€(lHurrcu. 

^Aos, ip&Sf light : rk ^deo, the lights of the body, 
the eyes. — R. <i>du». 

^dpary^f a chasm, ravine, valley, precipice — R. <pdpcOj 
to split, sever, which verb is acknowledged by Schneider 
and Ldd., * of which the aflBnity with Ufipw is very 
probable.' See in ^dp(ros. (a) R. (t>4p<», '\(f>ap4a> 
as in ^aperpOj answ. to Karw-^cpj^s, prone, steep. 

(3) * Hebr. pherek^ to break :' Wr. 

^apdwj to plough. — R. 4>dpo), to cleave. See above. 

^apirpa, pharetra^ a quiver. — R. <f>4po»j f l^opoi' : 
Arrow-bearer. So i(ro'(t>ApiC(a. 

♦opicU, a wrinkle, fold. Le. having clefts, as *<£- 
pay^. — *R. 4>(£p«, ire^apico, to split:' Dnn. (Very 

^apfidurtrw, to dye, color, adulterate, poison, bewitch 
with drugs, ^dpiuacovy (as ^i/AcCo'o'm, $uA.air^,) a drug, 
medicine, poison. — 'Reimer from <pdpo» or ipiipua^ to 
mix. — Others prefer 7*i(ff<r« :' Dnn. If the latter, then 
for f/Lapfxdcr(rWf as Mapixtdpta : M and ^, as M6pfifiKa 
and Formica. But Dnn. explains *dpu, ' to cut, di- 
vide', and thence it could well mean ' to mix, adulterate', 
as KepdiM from Kup<o. We may add that Homer has 
rreirapfidvos from veipuj and from w4vapfuu, could be 
'fUapfjAatrof (as *AWda(T») and for euphony ^opfxtLaaot : 
To penetrate, then (as Ae^w), to soak, steep. 

*apos, ^dpoSf * an ample robe of state, mantle, large 
veil, linen covering for a corpse, sail-cloth ;' Dnn.—' Hebr. 
PARy an ornament :' says Mrt. But better in this way 
from ^ii«, ^(pafphSf as ♦aeiyis, ^atSpJs. — Greg, from 
<pep(Cy <pop4eo, to wear, as dress. A, as in ipApirpa, 

^APOS, a light-house : ' from PfiaroSf orig. an island 
near Alexandria, (connected aft. with the continent,) 
celebrated for its lighthouse :' Don. 

^dpoSf the same as ^dpay^, 

^dpffosy a part, piece. — B. f^dpUf ir4<l>apffai. Allied 
to Ueirapfi4vo5 in Homer, and Lat. PARS, (a) * Hebr. 
pkeres, to divide :' Wr. 

*dpuy^y the gullet, swallow, throat. — * Of the same 
origin as *dpary^:* Dnn. 

^dpco : in ^dpay^. 

^dffyavovy a sword, knife. — R. o-(|>a£a>, tv^yoVj to 
kill : for 'Ztpiyavov, * Slaughter-weapon,' Ezek. 9. 2. 

^<£(n}Aof , a canoe : from the shape of the 4A2HA02, 
kidney-bean, x 

^offtaofhs, a pheasant, from PHASIS in Colchis. 

^dciSf appearance, phase : R. <pau, ipaiva, — Saying, 
rumor : R ^cfw, ^fd. 

^duTKoXos, ♦cMTKwAos, a Wallet, sack, coffer. — Transp. 
from 2<pAK€?Jios, a bundle, much as ^dayavov for ^<pd- 
yavov.— (Very rare.) 

^dfffiOj a spectre, ^dyrourfui : — R. <t>day vftpaa-fuut 


^Tvrij a manger, crib. — * The common form was 
UdBvn,^ Ldd. And TldByri from trdofuu, ivdOriVj to 
feed. * R. irareo/uot :' Dnn. (a) ^ayuy, ^yehdmij, 
^^ddvrij *(irv77, as ItTpoSf iCTfiiiv, 

^aTv6a>, to hollow out like a ^drvrt : ^arvtifwra^ 
panels, compartments in a ceiling, Mke stalls in a stable. 

^arpiaj := ^parpia. 

*av(w, ^<&^CD, ^(iyco, to roast, toast. — R, <pdos, 4>^5, 
a fire, in Callim. See ^ooMriy^, <R. ^a^, (l>dw:* 

^av\oSf bad, worthless, vUis, vile, mean, common, 
trifling : — light, as To bear ^oi/Aay lightly. — Probably 
^Kavpbs (which see,) was transp. to ^pavhJbSy then 
softly ^(iv\6s. (2) The Etym. M. from ^w, <p<xuWf 
ipavais : Of mere outside show. 

^avpoSj * same sense and origin as ^av\os :' Dnn. 

^avffiyl^y blister from burning. — R. ipatQu, aa, 

^avffiSj light, splendor. — R. ^w, (l>dffis. 

^^1 g. (t>a€65, allied to *6€oSf fear : A fearful wild 
dove or pigeon, as Tp^jpotv from Tp4<a. So ^d£a is 
* fear' in Hesych., whence Lat.y*a5a, a bean, the object 
of superstitious fear. Some from ^ky^ deduce ^AISSA, 
a larger kind of dove. Thus ^aS^s, ^dSatraa, (as 
/icAtSSA.) ^da-iia. 

♦An, t*Efl, whence ^4yyos, *4p<», t*in, Lat. Jio, 
f^OO, whence ♦wo'kw, ♦cmtt^p, ♦Tfi, seem original 
words, prim, meaning to open or bring out, make to ap- 
pear, show, produce, shine forth : — make an opening, 
stab, kill : — open one's mind or thoughts, speak out, un- 
less this came from the sense 'show', as'\A€iKw,A€iKvv/u 
produced the Latin Dico. — ^dot may be nevertheless 
aspirated from the obsolete IIAfi, which see. Mrt derives 
♦(£», to shine, from Chald. opha, to shine : and ♦(£», 
to speak, from Hebr. pheh, the mouth. 

♦eSo/iox, to be terrified : f ♦^Sw, ^o€4a, to terrify, 
put to flight. — Allied by Dnn. to ♦Ew7«. Allied also to 

Icr^ESay^s, (tIIEi/Sw, allEpxcv. ^4€a as ^4€(a, TpiSoi. 
^4yyoSf light, splendor. — R. ^(£«, <palv(c. ' The 
ancients said f^^'^i j^fVo), ^t4viyoSj [or ^^4yaiyo5 as 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



TeViryos,] tiyyos :' Hemst So ^Tdu, f Fevw. So the 
^4pm in actual Tise. And ^diyyoficu. 

^fidofuUf to restrain, abstain, spare. — ^ElSo/iuu is 
allied to ^Ifjidw, and without the Aspirate to Ille^a;, 
niX€«, &c (a) Allied to *Ego/iat, to flee from, 
*Eihw, &c. 

*eXA.^s, the cork-tree, baik. — The whole tree is 
*bark'; ♦cAX^f therefore is allied to IltAAo, a hide, 
Lat. pellis. So ^oAls is a skin. (2) Voss from <^i}\», 
felb, Mol of dri^u, to suck up. (3) Our fell in /c/J- 
monger. Shaksp. has ' Flesh andfelV S»x./ell, Celt. 

^eWdSf ^€K6sj stone, rock. — *4\d5 is transp. from 
f Ae^s, (see *oAis,) as ^(ftdyca^oPy ^dayavov , Mop^, 
Forma : answ. to Aeiris, a rock, (a) Our /e//. The 
fells in Northumberland. 'Flood andyeW; Pyron. 
FeU Germ, /tae// Su. Goth., a ridge of. mountains. 

*€\6vT}5, *€v6\ris, ♦cuXjJi^y, * a covering, in general : 

— from <l>i\6s, the bark of a tree : a cloak or frock, the 
Lat. pcmula ;' Dnn. *€y(JAi7S may belong to ^cuvoAris ; 
see that word. 

*€ydK7i, false hair, wig. ^ R. 4>e>'o|, okos. (2i) The 
same as IItjviJioj. 

^^yol, cucoj, an impostor. — R. ^(yw, ^ayw, and 
j-^ei^tf as in ^£770$; ^alvofuUf to appear: Who has 
all show. So iSAAAco, 0E\os. 

"f*^***, to kill, from f^ciw, as in 'ApviU^ros. So 
freiw, f FeVw. 

*€p€(Oj to feed, nourish. — R ^^p«, to bear, produce, 
as fruits. B, much as ddXHot, /x^AIIw, sylVa. 

*4p€rpov^ a bier, ^ereirwrn. — R ^pw^ fero. As 
Bier from Bear. 

^4ptffroSj ^4pTaT0Sf best, as being most bearing or 
productive; — or as most enduring, strong or brave, as 
Fortis is from 4fpci>; or ^4p<a =: vpo-<p4poi: irpo- 

♦cpv^, what is brought by the wife, as Dos, a dowry, 
from Do. — R. ^ep«,/cro. 

$€^^€(^aTTa, Uip<r4<pa'Tra, Tl€p(r€<f>6ynj Persephone^ 
Proserpine. * R v4pdWf ircpcrv, ^<$f or. She is death 
itself who wastes all with slaughter. Ov. Epist.: Per- 
sephone nostras pulsat acerlia fores:' Forcell.and Steph. 

— Then -fparra formed as in 'Aprjl-tpaTos. 
*4pu,fero, to bear^ bring, carry, carry oflf. — Aspir. 

from Tlelpay rrepa, to make to pass on. (2) Our bear, 
beran Sax.,6aiVan Goth.,/aArenGerm. Pheree Hebr.,&c. 

*eiJ, heu, alas! — * From the sound:' Lenn. (a) 
For *€vy€, *€vy*j like "An-ayfy Apage! So Aw for 
AwfMf Ma for Marep. 

^eiycojfugio, to flee, run away; — flee one's country 
for a crime committed, go into exile; — to be prosecuted, 
accused, * for voluntary exile was permitted, before the 
final sentence was pronounced.* Dnn.—-* Akin to ^E$o- 
/Mt:* Dnn. And a^ESoy^s, o-IIE^Sw, (rnEpx». As 

^6^C<tf, to cry ^61;, alas I 

♦Af^oAoj, a spark. *V(i«, to rub; f^f^rfAoj, redupl. 

t+«tf>oAos, softly 4>^aAoy : From the sparks emitted 
from iron while forged : ' Damra : Rubbed off. *e^dK6wf 
to consume by producing smoke and sparks. 

♦iry^s, * a kind of oak : not the Lat fagus, • ( JB. 
^arfhsj) our beech, though the names are identical:' 
Ldd. * Having a round ESCULENT nut: from 

^yfyhsj 2= ir^of. ' Nam pars qusedam ejus dicitnr 
/SaAttvos glans :' Scap. Vid. supr. 

4^A7}|, a wild fig which seems ripe when it is not so. 

— From 

^Aos, deceitful : ^i7Aa),to deceive: allied to 'Z^&KKm, 
fckUot liir^Aa. 
* ♦^M'?. -^ ^aiM,fcanaj saymg, report, ^^ime, oracular 
voice, &c. : from 

*77/ii2, ^duTKa^ (as fB^/**! BdurKot) to say, affirm ; and 
^doTKw to say to oneself, think. — Allied to^ciw, ^aivw^ 
to show, as Ui(pa{MrK<a is both to show and to tell; and 
Dlco» to tell, is f AcIkw, AtUvvfii, to show. 

♦^107, the osprey or bone-breaker. — Scheide well 
from f ^cVm, to kill 

*V» /e^«> ft wildbeast, JEol. for &f)p : — a Centaur: 

— a Satyr. 

^iipcay swelling of the parotid glands, as giving the 
face the appearance of that of Satyrs. — Above. 

♦^Tpij, ^drpoj == <ppdrpa, 

f*a({«, ^edva, t*^/*«, used often with irpli', to get 
before others, do before others, anticipate, * prae-venio,' 
prevent; — do or come quickly, with a participle, as A4y€ 
(pSdtraSj Speak quickly. — R ^irrduj f wre^t, Tirra/xcu, to 
fly, get fast to, irplv,^ before, &c. See t*^««. (2) 
R. &Kro/jLai, S^Oriy^ fa^dw, ^0du : To touch, reach, 
tango, attingo, contingo, irplv, before &c. 

td4yyofiaif to utter a clear sound, speak loud, shout, 
&c. — As x®<¥<<^^^t ^T({^€/AOS. R f^<i», ^/J; like 
^4yyos from f^eu^, to shine. 

^0clp, a small shell-fish which fixes upon and <pOflp€t 
consumes the bodies of other fish. Also, a louse, of such 
kind perhaps orig. as I have seen in myriads devouring 
the inside of a yet living stag-beetle. The lousy disease 
is called ^deipidcris, 

^dclpw; in i*e4a. 

f4»Oc<i0, f«0lw, ^Btlpw^ ^elvu>, ^0arLf0w, to cause to 
decay, ruin, destroy. — f*^"* (acknowledged by Mat- 
thiae) is aspir. for f jrre'w, fireTew, fircrw, irftrro; : To 
fall off. Thus Dnn. explains *0lvto * to fall, fall away'. 
So &7EIPa, IfiElPa. (2) As x^ofioA^^ and <p0e77o. 
fiat. R. y<p4a, f </>€V», to kill. (3) Dnn. allies ^Oflpto 
to Teipu. ♦, as ^picaw and Frango. ? 

*6o77^, the voice : <l>04Yyofuu, 

^$oiiy consumption : f <^^6(0, f l^doo. 

^6is, (p9olSf a cake; — ^pastil. — R i<p04os, cooked : or 
1 1<^««, t e^^oa : compare *0o^. So U6iravov from Il^irrw. 

^B6if05j envy.— R. f^flw, \lbf>doa^ <pd€ipw: As pining 
and wasting away. 'Envy is the rottenness of the 
bones:' Prov. 14. 30. * Suffer them ^©ly^dcty,' Horn.: 
* tabescere,' Cla.: * view with envy:' Pope. So Epigr. : 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 



O ^6vos . . T^Kct ^Bovfp&v Sfifiara xol KpaZlriv» And 
our Poet : * Or jealousy That inly gnaws the secret heart.* 

^${r^Uj in *ETrt'<j>6i(Uf from irrtJw, f^6iJ« : To spit 

♦tcUij, an nm, bowl: ^toXls, small bowl, ;)Aui/, vio^ 
— *B. [ir/«,] vlva>, as in Athen. p. 501 :' Dnn. 

^tafitSj shining: aspir. for litems, £[it, like Tllwy, 

♦ifioXeot, a kind of early fig. — * Said to be called 
from PMbalis^ a district of Attica;* Ldd. 

^<Acw, to kiss, to love. ^iKrifjut, a kiss. — Allied to 
UlXftOy to squeeze, to press, nxe'^u to squeeze, ^ifiAa to 
muzzle. The I is long in 4<t>iharOf ^t\c II. 5. 359. 
(2) Damni from iwita^ irivwj to drink (with the lips). 

♦iA^Djs, * a thief: same sense and R. as ♦ijX^tijj,' 
Dnn. i.e. from ^\& to deceive. (2) Allied to nid^w, 
to seize, to niA6<e, to squeeze tight, ^IfuW, &c. Com- 
pare Lat pilOf com-pUo, our compUe. 

^i^onijXay phihmelOfPhilomelf a nightingale. — Prob. 
from ^fAw, fifXos. 

^i\0Sy dear, a friend. — R ^iXew. 

♦f Atotos, deai;p8t. — R 0(Ao5, ■\^t\<lkcfros, 

^iXrpoVj love-potion, charm. — R. ^tA.€», f^Uiyr/H)!'. 

^t/i^s, *a band, or anything which constricts or binds, 
— thus, a muzzle, — a goblet used in dice-playing, 
[with some restrictive arrangement, suppose, like the 
reticulated cover of ballot-boxes, (another sense of ^t/i^s), 
so arranged, says Steph., 'ne immissa suffiragia dilabe- 
rentur',] the nose-band of a bridle:' Dnn. — ^Allied to 
nte^w, %<l>lyyu, ItiKos^ &c through obs. fitle» or ^tricif 
to squeeze: for flli/iJf. SeejIIAA. 

^irpbs, a trunk, log. — Allied to *tT^. * For from 
it spring the branches:* Damm. 

♦tTw, a shoot, branch, offspring. — From 

*n{iiuf to sow, plant; pass, am begotten. — Allied to 
"LaLjiOf ^vto, ^i/Tct^. Dnn. from ^iw. But evidently 
there was an obs. f^fo), s= <pvo>. We find ^AlSda; and 

^\A(o», am rent in pieces : from ^\ia = OxJuu, as 
*^p « e^p. (a) Allied to the next word. 

^KAQa, to boil up, swell; — hence stgrm, stutter, 
speak unintelligibly. And hence lla^Xi&(fa, Allied to 
^Aew, ^Avw, to gush out, teem. 

^Aarro 1 6parTo I ^AttTTo 1 0p^, * formed to ridicule a 
pompous phraseology :' Dnn. 

^Aavpof , trivial, bad, evil, foul. — * B. tpxiapos ;' 
Mrt (2) B. <^Kdo»i Easy to crush, fragile. 

^Aa», as GAdfitf, to bruise, crush : ' to break with a 
kind of crack :' Bp. Blomf. 

^A(£fii), ' to bruise with the teeth, eat up, swallow 
greedily : ' Ldd. — Above. 

^AcTvos, fiery, red-brown : epith. of the eagle. — From 

^Ac7», to 'bum up, scorch. — R. ^Acw: To make 
wood or other things to swell out and bunt with fire. 
See ^AotSidw. (2) R. 'paXhs, shining, ' for f <^^tf\ 
Mrt. Much as oAEKO. 

4>A^8wv, an idle talker. — R. ^Acw, Hesych., to over- 
flow with talk, ff^Kiw, 

^\e^, -^ihs, a vein. — R. ^A^, to teem, swell: 
Swollen with blood. 

^\€«, to teem, gush, overflow. So *Aw». Allied to 
BAvw, to bubble out, and to f BAc», to throw out. Thus 
Bp€/bu», Fremo. 

^Acws, ^Aovf, a marsh or water plant — R. ^Acw. 
' Growing in a moist place :' Dnn. 

«A^i^i», to talk idly : ^Xi^vcupos, idle talk.«-R. ^Aco), 
whence ^Ac8wy, an idle talker. 

♦Ati, a door-post, — vestibule. — * R. ^Ac(», 3A(f« :* 
Mrt. Allied to ^\i€<o. Homer says, *Os iroAAptri 
♦AI^SI iropflMTT^ ^AIYETAI &ijmvs. And Horace: 
* Pastes et heu JAmina dura quibus lumbos et IN- 
'FREGI latus.' * The vestibule', says Greg., *from its. 
being often knocked and thumped.' Some add Hhe 
threshold', which would still better agree with ^Acuo, but 
this sense seems unsupported. 

4»A^§w, « B\l%<», As ^p, *rip, 

^A(8ct», as *\Mu from 4A^, * to overflow with 
moisture or fat; hence to putrefy:' Ldd. Flow away, 
diffiuo. Thus ^It6^, fpTrevu, 

«Aoi^ epith. of Proserpme. — *Prob. from *A(Jos : 
Verdant, blooming:' Ldd. 

^AmStdtw, to make to swell, ferment. R ^A6», 
^(^Aoa. Also, to scorch, bum. So ^Acyw, to bum, is 
allied to «Al». 

^Aoibr, peel, bark, rind of trees. *\ot(otj to strip off 
the bark, flay. — * Another form of ♦A«Jos* : Dnn. 
*R <p\4w:' Ldd. Thus Blomf. says: 'From <p\4u> 
came a large family of words having the notion of light- 
ness or emptiness or tumor'. And so ^Aoi^s is metaph. 
' empty pride'. And ^Aotc^Sijf is * spungy, puffed out.' 
Just as Persius: * Nonne hoc spumosum et cortice 
piiigui ?' (2) R ^oAls, a scale : ^Aots. 

^AotitrSos, murmur, din. — ^^From ihefow and dash of 
waters: ^Acw, ^^Aoa, ^Ai/w, fluOy jSAtScD. See *A. 
(pKourfUs. And 

^Aofw, as ^Afw, to teem. 

♦Ai|, g. ^Ao76;, a flame. — R <f>\4yw. 

^KdoSf ' the bloom, the blooming, healthy state of a 
plant, Lat.^oj;' Ldd. From ^A^w, ^^Aoa, to teem. 
Also ' *\6os is said for *\oi65:* Steph. 

^Xvaphsj an idle or silly talker; — silly talk, FLUM. 
— R <t>\w». 

^AvScttf, to over-fow with moisture, to be soft or 
flabby. — R <^A^. 

^Av/crau'a, ♦Aw/ctis, a blister, pustule. — R <p\vo>, 
<p\6(uj iTfipkvKratf to swell. So ^Kvais is a breaking 
out, emption. 

^Ai$w, like ^A^w, ^Ad^w, to swell over, teem, bubble: 
over-flow with words, talk idly, talk FLUM.— R /3Au», 
as hp€fjM, Fremo. 

^yei, ' Comic imitation of the snufiing nasal sound , 

♦<Jfi77, locks, mane, hair; — foliage, as Lat coma. — 
Pindar has BpcucSmaif <p6Sou^ whence Damm from4>o§»: 
Used spec, of grisly locks inspiring awe or terror. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



'Long hair was thought to Btrike terror in battle:' 
. Ormst. 

*66oSf fear. — R <j>4€ofiai, 

*oi€dCoa, to cleanse, purify : Below. — To inspire by 
^o7€os, Phoeibua : and ^oiBhs was his priestess or 

^oi€oSt bright, pni« : whence Phabus is called by 
Homer ♦oTSoy *Air6\Xuv: * not in the character of the 
sun, but of the purity